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Study sets matching "anesthesia"

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Study sets matching "anesthesia"

118 terms
Anesthesia
First primitive efforts of achieving a…
One of the first anasthetics was
Second discovered anesthetic that was…
When were most anesthetics developed
People used to try things like opium leaves, mandrake root, p…
Ether. People all got high with this and they had tons of par…
Nitris Oxide
1980s-1990s
First primitive efforts of achieving a…
People used to try things like opium leaves, mandrake root, p…
One of the first anasthetics was
Ether. People all got high with this and they had tons of par…
208 terms
Anesthesia
Halothane side effects (2)
Methoxyflurane side effect
Enflurane side effect
Isoflurane
(1) fulminant hepatic necrosis... (2) sensitization of the myoca…
dose related nephrotoxicity
evidence of seizure activity on EEG
- MAC 1.2%... -Less toxicity, more rapid onset and faster awaken…
Halothane side effects (2)
(1) fulminant hepatic necrosis... (2) sensitization of the myoca…
Methoxyflurane side effect
dose related nephrotoxicity
13 terms
Anesthesia
anesthesia
spinal anesthesia
epidural anesthesia
bier block
Absence of sensation/blocking of sensation... medically induced…
Refers to nerves blocked in the subarachnoid space.
Regional anesthesia produced by injecting medication into the…
The Bier block is an intravenous regional anesthesia techniqu…
anesthesia
Absence of sensation/blocking of sensation... medically induced…
spinal anesthesia
Refers to nerves blocked in the subarachnoid space.
42 terms
Anesthesia
Analgesia vs Anesthesia
Regional General vs Local anesthesia
Contraindications to Regional Anesthes…
How does Spinal/Epidural anesthesia wo…
Analgesia - absence of pain... Anesthesia - absence of sensation
Regional (blocks) - anesthetizing a larger section of the bod…
chronic back pain, hypovolemia, patient refusal, infection at…
blocks conduction of impulses by altering Na movement into th…
Analgesia vs Anesthesia
Analgesia - absence of pain... Anesthesia - absence of sensation
Regional General vs Local anesthesia
Regional (blocks) - anesthetizing a larger section of the bod…
316 terms
Anesthesia
*Know and understand the definitions o…
What is pain?
What is general anesthesia?... What is an…
*Know and understand the components of…
Anesthesia- loss of sensation to all or part of the body - "w…
CONSCIOUS perception of a noxious stimulus
General anesthesia: animal is unconscious and unaware of its…
Temporary/reversible state of drug intoxication of the centra…
*Know and understand the definitions o…
Anesthesia- loss of sensation to all or part of the body - "w…
What is pain?
CONSCIOUS perception of a noxious stimulus
254 terms
Anesthesia
Analgesia
Pre-emptive analgesia
General anesthesia (GA)
Anesthesia
absence of the awareness of pain, relief of pain without the…
preventing pain before it starts
CNS depression( loss of consciousness), analgesia (absence of…
loss of sensation in a body part or in the whole body
Analgesia
absence of the awareness of pain, relief of pain without the…
Pre-emptive analgesia
preventing pain before it starts
208 terms
Anesthesia
Halothane side effects (2)
Methoxyflurane side effect
Enflurane side effect
Isoflurane
(1) fulminant hepatic necrosis... (2) sensitization of the myoca…
dose related nephrotoxicity
evidence of seizure activity on EEG
- MAC 1.2%... -Less toxicity, more rapid onset and faster awaken…
Halothane side effects (2)
(1) fulminant hepatic necrosis... (2) sensitization of the myoca…
Methoxyflurane side effect
dose related nephrotoxicity
91 terms
Anesthesia
Anesthesia
Local
General
Reasons for Anesthesia
A total loss of sensation in a body part or the entire body r…
Loosing sensation to a body part. Working around local nerves.
Lose sensation in entire body by depressing the central activ…
-Restraint (chemical restraint)... -Elimination of pain sensatio…
Anesthesia
A total loss of sensation in a body part or the entire body r…
Local
Loosing sensation to a body part. Working around local nerves.
171 terms
Anesthesia
General Anesthesia
Where is the site of action of general…
Local anesthetics work by
MOA is based on
reversibel state of unconsciousness, analgesia, and amnesia w…
exclusively in the CNS
blocking pain impulses to the spinal cord
blockade of Na+ channels
General Anesthesia
reversibel state of unconsciousness, analgesia, and amnesia w…
Where is the site of action of general…
exclusively in the CNS
30 terms
Anesthesia
Goals of Anesthesia
Classes of Anesthesia- General
Classes of Anesthesia- Sedation (MAC)
Classes of Anesthesia- Regional
Anesthetic Triad: Anesthesia, Analgesia, Muscle Relaxation ... U…
General-suppresses central nervous system... -patient is complet…
-inhibits transmission of nerve impulses from high and low ce…
Regional - blocks transmission of nerve impulses between area…
Goals of Anesthesia
Anesthetic Triad: Anesthesia, Analgesia, Muscle Relaxation ... U…
Classes of Anesthesia- General
General-suppresses central nervous system... -patient is complet…
71 terms
Anesthesia
Definition: Anesthesia
Types of Anesthesia
Anesthesiologists
General Anesthesia
Partial or complete loss of sensation with or with out loss o…
General Anesthesia... Regional Anesthesia... Monitored Anesthetic C…
Physicians (MD or DO) with residency in Anesthesiology (4 yea…
No Awareness... No Memory... No Pain... No Response to Stimulation
Definition: Anesthesia
Partial or complete loss of sensation with or with out loss o…
Types of Anesthesia
General Anesthesia... Regional Anesthesia... Monitored Anesthetic C…
204 terms
Anesthesia
anesthesia
analgesia
components of general anesthesia
general principles of anesthesia
loss of sensation to all or part of the body
without pain
-unconsciousness... -temporary and reversible state of drug into…
-identify and prepare for potential complications... -establish…
anesthesia
loss of sensation to all or part of the body
analgesia
without pain
19 terms
anesthesia
infraorbital foramen
alveolar process
anterior nasal septum
zygomatic process/zygomatic arch
infraorbital foramen
alveolar process
15 terms
Anesthesia
conscious sedation
CRNA
qualifying circumstances
P1
decreased level of consciousness in which the patient is not…
certified registered nurse anesthetist
five-digit CPT codes that describe situations or conditions t…
a normal healthy patient
conscious sedation
decreased level of consciousness in which the patient is not…
CRNA
certified registered nurse anesthetist
Anesthesia
Anesthesia
Local
General
Reasons for Anesthesia
A total loss of sensation in a body part or the entire body r…
Loosing sensation to a body part. Working around local nerves.
Lose sensation in entire body by depressing the central activ…
-Restraint (chemical restraint)... -Elimination of pain sensatio…
Anesthesia
A total loss of sensation in a body part or the entire body r…
Local
Loosing sensation to a body part. Working around local nerves.
18 terms
Anesthesia
Analgesia
Anesthesia
Anesthetic
Aspirate
Stage of anesthesia in which the patient is relaxed and consc…
Temporary loss of feeling or sensation
Medication that produces temporary loss of feeling or sensation
To draw back or to draw within
Analgesia
Stage of anesthesia in which the patient is relaxed and consc…
Anesthesia
Temporary loss of feeling or sensation
41 terms
Anesthesia
What is the mechanism of action of ben…
What are the clinical signs of seroton…
What drugs are implicated in Serotonin…
What other drugs are implicated in ser…
Enhances chloride channels at GABA receptors.
- Cognitive effects: headache, agitation, hypomania, mental c…
What is the mechanism of action of ben…
Enhances chloride channels at GABA receptors.
What are the clinical signs of seroton…
- Cognitive effects: headache, agitation, hypomania, mental c…
80 terms
Anesthesia
general anesthesia
analgesia
amnesia
Types of general anesthesia
a state of controlled and reversible unconsciousness characte…
lack of pain sensation
lack of memory
injectable IM, injectable IV, and gas agents
general anesthesia
a state of controlled and reversible unconsciousness characte…
analgesia
lack of pain sensation
45 terms
Anesthesia
T/F: AAs and NAs are equivalent provid…
Anesthesia is a state that incorporate…
What was the first modern anesthetic?
What was the first form of surgical an…
True
amnesia, analgesia, and narcosis
Halothane (1956)
Diethyl Ether (Crawford Long/William Clark in 1846)
T/F: AAs and NAs are equivalent provid…
True
Anesthesia is a state that incorporate…
amnesia, analgesia, and narcosis
65 terms
Anesthesia
They provide a temporary numbing effec…
As ointments, liquids, or sprays.
Local Anesthesia
It temporarily blocks the normal gener…
What do topical anesthetics do?
How can topical anesthetic be dispensed?
What is the agent most frequently used for pain control in de…
What does local anesthesia do?
They provide a temporary numbing effec…
What do topical anesthetics do?
As ointments, liquids, or sprays.
How can topical anesthetic be dispensed?
32 terms
Anesthesia
General Anesthesia
Regional Anesthesia
Monitored Anesthesia Care
One- lung Ventilation (OLV)
Drug induced loss of consciousness
Loss of sensation in a region of the body i.e. ... Spinal Anesth…
Anesthesia service where the patient is under a light sedatio…
One lung is ventilated and the other lung is collapsed tempor…
General Anesthesia
Drug induced loss of consciousness
Regional Anesthesia
Loss of sensation in a region of the body i.e. ... Spinal Anesth…
42 terms
Anesthesia
Fentanyl
Xylazine
Butorphanol
Naloxone
Opioid Agonist
Alpha2 Antagonist
Opioid Agonist-antagonist
Opioid Antagonist
Fentanyl
Opioid Agonist
Xylazine
Alpha2 Antagonist
138 terms
anesthesia
general anesthesia
premedication
anesthetic induction
anesthetic maintenance
allows us to perform procedures that would be painful to the…
refers to drugs administered to the patient before general an…
the process of bringing a patient from a state of consciousne…
the process used to keep patients under general anesthesia un…
general anesthesia
allows us to perform procedures that would be painful to the…
premedication
refers to drugs administered to the patient before general an…
51 terms
Anesthesia
Mechanism of action for anesthesia
original local an ethics type
esters are metabolized by
ester metabolite
RN (unionized) diffuses into nerve membrane then reforms into…
esters... procaine (novocaine)... Topical (benzocaine)
pseudocholinesterase in blood plasma
PABA -- can cause allergic rxn
Mechanism of action for anesthesia
RN (unionized) diffuses into nerve membrane then reforms into…
original local an ethics type
esters... procaine (novocaine)... Topical (benzocaine)
211 terms
Anesthesia
General anesthesia includes
Regional anesthesia includes
What are the most common regional anes…
Local anesthesia means
Gas... Volatile anesthetics... IV drugs (narcotics, sedatives)... Musc…
Central - spinal, epidural, caudal anesthesia... Peripheral - ne…
Lower spinal nerve root - Spinal, epidural, caudal... Brachial p…
Administering anesthesia to the surgical site or confined are…
General anesthesia includes
Gas... Volatile anesthetics... IV drugs (narcotics, sedatives)... Musc…
Regional anesthesia includes
Central - spinal, epidural, caudal anesthesia... Peripheral - ne…
84 terms
Anesthesia
GABA
Glutamate
Acetylcholne
Dopamine
inhibitory amino acid
excitatory amino acid
cholinergic
Catecholamine
GABA
inhibitory amino acid
Glutamate
excitatory amino acid
30 terms
Anesthesia
Platelet transfusion
Stress doses of glucocorticoids
Stress doses of glucocorticoids
A unit of platelets isolated from a unit of donated blood con…
The use of stress doses of glucocorticoids has become a commo…
Platelet transfusion
A unit of platelets isolated from a unit of donated blood con…
Stress doses of glucocorticoids
The use of stress doses of glucocorticoids has become a commo…
118 terms
Anesthesia
One of the first anasthetics was
Second discovered anesthetic that was…
When were most anesthetics developed
Ether. People all got high with this and they had tons of par…
Nitris Oxide
1980s-1990s
One of the first anasthetics was
Ether. People all got high with this and they had tons of par…
Second discovered anesthetic that was…
Nitris Oxide
45 terms
Anesthesia
Propofol- Diprivan
Brevitol
Opiates/Opiods
Narcan
Milk of Amnesia, most common for induction... expires in 6 hrs d…
Extremely short onset and duration... Opthamology and electro-co…
Narcotic, large doses inhibit respiratory system... used for sev…
Reverse effect of narcotic agents, 1 to 2 min to take effect…
Propofol- Diprivan
Milk of Amnesia, most common for induction... expires in 6 hrs d…
Brevitol
Extremely short onset and duration... Opthamology and electro-co…
154 terms
Anesthesia
General anesthesia
Anesthetic induction
Anesthetic maintenance
Local anesthesia
Characterized by unconsciousness and insensibility to feeling…
The process of bringing a patient from a state of consciousne…
The process used to keep patients under general anesthesia un…
The loss of sensation in a localized body part or region with…
General anesthesia
Characterized by unconsciousness and insensibility to feeling…
Anesthetic induction
The process of bringing a patient from a state of consciousne…
11 terms
Anesthesia
Obstructive shock
Distributive shock
Hypo-volemic shock
Cardiogenic shock
tachy... jvp↑↑... cold
tachy... jvp↓... warm
tachy... jvp↓... cold peripheries
tachy... jvp↑... cold peripheries
Obstructive shock
tachy... jvp↑↑... cold
Distributive shock
tachy... jvp↓... warm
21 terms
Anesthesia
Anticholinergics
Bain Circuit
Barbiturates
Benzodiazepines
Drugs that block stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous s…
A nonrebreathing system used to deliver anesthetic gases to a…
Drugs derived from barbituric acid that vary in their sedativ…
A class of drugs that cause sedation and skeletal muscle rela…
Anticholinergics
Drugs that block stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous s…
Bain Circuit
A nonrebreathing system used to deliver anesthetic gases to a…
27 terms
Anesthesia
IV administration set
Extension tubing
10 cc nacl pre-filled syringe
3.5 fr infant feeding tube
IV administration set
Extension tubing
anesthesia
general anesthesia
premedication
anesthetic induction
anesthetic maintenance
allows us to perform procedures that would be painful to the…
refers to drugs administered to the patient before general an…
the process of bringing a patient from a state of consciousne…
the process used to keep patients under general anesthesia un…
general anesthesia
allows us to perform procedures that would be painful to the…
premedication
refers to drugs administered to the patient before general an…
154 terms
Anesthesia
General anesthesia
Anesthetic induction
Anesthetic maintenance
Local anesthesia
Characterized by unconsciousness and insensibility to feeling…
The process of bringing a patient from a state of consciousne…
The process used to keep patients under general anesthesia un…
The loss of sensation in a localized body part or region with…
General anesthesia
Characterized by unconsciousness and insensibility to feeling…
Anesthetic induction
The process of bringing a patient from a state of consciousne…
120 terms
Anesthesia
Anesthesia
AAs are specialists who can only work…
general anesthesia
Loss of consciousness induced most oft…
Partial or complete loss of sensation** with or with out loss…
anesthesiologist
a controlled state of unconsciousness; pt is not arousable an…
-IV drugs... -rapid... -anesthetic gas... -IV
Anesthesia
Partial or complete loss of sensation** with or with out loss…
AAs are specialists who can only work…
anesthesiologist
130 terms
anesthesia
general anesthesia
premedication
anesthetic induction
anesthetic maintenance
allows us to perform procedures that would be painful to the…
refers to drugs administered to the patient before general an…
the process of bringing a patient from a state of consciousne…
the process used to keep patients under general anesthesia un…
general anesthesia
allows us to perform procedures that would be painful to the…
premedication
refers to drugs administered to the patient before general an…
130 terms
anesthesia
general anesthesia
premedication
anesthetic induction
anesthetic maintenance
allows us to perform procedures that would be painful to the…
refers to drugs administered to the patient before general an…
the process of bringing a patient from a state of consciousne…
the process used to keep patients under general anesthesia un…
general anesthesia
allows us to perform procedures that would be painful to the…
premedication
refers to drugs administered to the patient before general an…
205 terms
Anesthesia
DI vs NDI
afferent/efferent
Boiling point
Vapor pressure
DI: no ADH production or ineffective... NDI: insult to kidney (d…
• Boiling point (C)... • Sevoflurane: 58.5... • Desflurane: 22.8…
In a closed container, molecules from a volatile liquid escap…
DI vs NDI
DI: no ADH production or ineffective... NDI: insult to kidney (d…
afferent/efferent
130 terms
anesthesia
general anesthesia
premedication
anesthetic induction
anesthetic maintenance
allows us to perform procedures that would be painful to the…
refers to drugs administered to the patient before general an…
the process of bringing a patient from a state of consciousne…
the process used to keep patients under general anesthesia un…
general anesthesia
allows us to perform procedures that would be painful to the…
premedication
refers to drugs administered to the patient before general an…
55 terms
Anesthesia
pre-op meds
malignant hyperthermia
Pseudocholinesterase deficiency
NPO status
Anticoagulants:... Stent placed in last 6 mo and on plavix? Stay…
Suspect when you're increasing vent settings but CO2 still cl…
-Can result in 7-8 hours of paralysis with succynlcholine use…
8hr prior: no solids... Up to 6hr: light meal, infant formula, m…
pre-op meds
Anticoagulants:... Stent placed in last 6 mo and on plavix? Stay…
malignant hyperthermia
Suspect when you're increasing vent settings but CO2 still cl…
35 terms
Anesthesia
Five "A's" of Anesthesia
thyrometal distance
Mallampati Score
Anesthesia: 3 Main Types
Akinesia (no movement)... Anxiolysis (relieve anxiety)... Amnesia (…
distance btw the chin and thyroid cartilage - intubation depe…
determines ease of intubation
-Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC)... -Regional Anesthesia +/- MAC…
Five "A's" of Anesthesia
Akinesia (no movement)... Anxiolysis (relieve anxiety)... Amnesia (…
thyrometal distance
distance btw the chin and thyroid cartilage - intubation depe…
12 terms
anesthesia
flow meter
vaporizer
Isoflurane vaporizer
Sevoflurane vaporizer
measures oxygen in liters per min of gas flowing to patient
for vaporizing liquid anesthesia to gas
is purple
is yellow
flow meter
measures oxygen in liters per min of gas flowing to patient
vaporizer
for vaporizing liquid anesthesia to gas
42 terms
Anesthesia
Analgesia vs Anesthesia
Regional General vs Local anesthesia
Contraindications to Regional Anesthes…
How does Spinal/Epidural anesthesia wo…
Analgesia - absence of pain... Anesthesia - absence of sensation
Regional (blocks) - anesthetizing a larger section of the bod…
chronic back pain, hypovolemia, patient refusal, infection at…
blocks conduction of impulses by altering Na movement into th…
Analgesia vs Anesthesia
Analgesia - absence of pain... Anesthesia - absence of sensation
Regional General vs Local anesthesia
Regional (blocks) - anesthetizing a larger section of the bod…
anesthesia
surgeries
et tube
xylazine
acepromazine
remain standing . cattle are susceptive to rumen bloat, regur…
infate cuff preventt aspiration. fast cattle 48 hours prior
commonly used sedative agent. yohimbine reversed. withdrawal…
slight to moderate sedation. 90 min withdrawn time meat 7days…
surgeries
remain standing . cattle are susceptive to rumen bloat, regur…
et tube
infate cuff preventt aspiration. fast cattle 48 hours prior
120 terms
Anesthesia
Anesthesia
General Anesthesia
Surgical Anesthesia
Analgesia
purposeful derangement of the patient's normal physiologic pr…
reversible state of unconsciousness/ loss of sensation throug…
specific type of stage of anesthesia in which there is a suff…
absence of pain sensation
Anesthesia
purposeful derangement of the patient's normal physiologic pr…
General Anesthesia
reversible state of unconsciousness/ loss of sensation throug…
76 terms
Anesthesia
Fasciculation
General anesthesia
Anesthetist
Anesthesiologist
Muscle twitching involving contiguous groups of muscle fibers
A state of reversible unconsciousness produced by anesthetic…
A RN who has taken a course in anesthesiology and is certifie…
A MD who specializes in the administration of anesthesia
Fasciculation
Muscle twitching involving contiguous groups of muscle fibers
General anesthesia
A state of reversible unconsciousness produced by anesthetic…
14 terms
Anesthesia
Steps of Preoperative assessment
Thorough pt. history includes:
5 steps of physical examination:
Step 1 of P.E - Evaluate heart rate
1. Thorough patient history review... 2. Five step physical exam…
· Previous abnormal exam findings... · Chronic conditions... · Prev…
1. Evaluate heart rate... 2. Evaluate mucus membranes... 3. Perform…
When evaluating heart rate, note abnormalities such as, brady…
Steps of Preoperative assessment
1. Thorough patient history review... 2. Five step physical exam…
Thorough pt. history includes:
· Previous abnormal exam findings... · Chronic conditions... · Prev…
42 terms
Anesthesia
Analgesia vs Anesthesia
Regional General vs Local anesthesia
Contraindications to Regional Anesthes…
How does Spinal/Epidural anesthesia wo…
Analgesia - absence of pain... Anesthesia - absence of sensation
Regional (blocks) - anesthetizing a larger section of the bod…
chronic back pain, hypovolemia, patient refusal, infection at…
blocks conduction of impulses by altering Na movement into th…
Analgesia vs Anesthesia
Analgesia - absence of pain... Anesthesia - absence of sensation
Regional General vs Local anesthesia
Regional (blocks) - anesthetizing a larger section of the bod…
35 terms
Anesthesia
William Morton
Marco Aurelio Severino
Crawford Long
Joseph Priestly
INTRODUCE diethyl ether
Snow
DOCUMENTED diethyl ether
ammonium nitrate+iron=NO
William Morton
INTRODUCE diethyl ether
Marco Aurelio Severino
Snow
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