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Study sets matching "animal nutrition"

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Study sets matching "animal nutrition"

85 terms
Animal Nutrition
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
What does NFC stand for?
Why is TDN not an ideal unit?
GE
ADEK
Non-fiber carbohydrates
Undervalues protein content
combustible energy
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
ADEK
What does NFC stand for?
Non-fiber carbohydrates
21 terms
Animal Nutrition
Total Digestible Nutrient (TDN)
Crude Protein (CP)
Dry Matter
As-is
all nutrients consumed by an animal that are digested and used
An estimate based on the nitrogen content of the feed.
indicates the part of the feed that is not water
the actual feed that is being feed to the livestock
Total Digestible Nutrient (TDN)
all nutrients consumed by an animal that are digested and used
Crude Protein (CP)
An estimate based on the nitrogen content of the feed.
48 terms
Animal Nutrition
Diet
Malnutrition
Starvation
Coronary heart disease
The food consumed by an organism
Lack of proper nutrition, caused by not having enough to eat,…
A severe deficiency in energy intake needed to maintain human…
A disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up i…
Diet
The food consumed by an organism
Malnutrition
Lack of proper nutrition, caused by not having enough to eat,…
Animal Nutrition
process by which an organism takes in…
Essential nutrients
macronutrients
micronutrients
Define Nutrition
Which nutrients that we can't make in our cells but still nee…
nutrients required in large amounts
nutrients needed in small amounts
process by which an organism takes in…
Define Nutrition
Essential nutrients
Which nutrients that we can't make in our cells but still nee…
40 terms
Animal Nutrition
Essential nutrients
Balanced diet
Malnutrition
Obesity
Carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre & water
A diet containing all of the essential nutrients in the corre…
The result of an unbalanced diet
The result of overeating and gaining excessive amount of weig…
Essential nutrients
Carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre & water
Balanced diet
A diet containing all of the essential nutrients in the corre…
12 terms
Animal Nutrition
proteins
lipid
carbohydrates
essential nutrients
organic compounds primarily made up of amino acids that allow…
a family of chemical compounds which include fats and oils
feed components that provide energy and are composed of carbo…
substances that are required for proper growth in all animals
proteins
organic compounds primarily made up of amino acids that allow…
lipid
a family of chemical compounds which include fats and oils
192 terms
Animal Nutrition
the study of feedstuffs and their effi…
_______ is the largest production cost…
a feed constituent that is absorbed fr…
6 classes of nutrients
animal nutrition
feed costs
nutrient
water... fats... vitamins... carbohydrates... proteins... minerals
the study of feedstuffs and their effi…
animal nutrition
_______ is the largest production cost…
feed costs
40 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrition
Nutrient
Water
Protein
Animal receiving a proper and balanced food and water ration…
Refers to a single food or group of foods
Needed for Biochemical Reactions, Transport nutrients, Mainta…
Composed of Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen; Develop a…
Nutrition
Animal receiving a proper and balanced food and water ration…
Nutrient
Refers to a single food or group of foods
57 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrient
Essential Nutrients
Essential Amino Acids
Vitamins
-Any substance that an organism requires for normal growth, m…
-Any chemical element, ion or compound that is required for n…
-Any that an animal cannot synthesize and must be obtained fr…
-Any of various organic micronutrients that usually function…
Nutrient
-Any substance that an organism requires for normal growth, m…
Essential Nutrients
-Any chemical element, ion or compound that is required for n…
40 terms
Animal Science Nutrition
Ration
Balanced ration
Composition
Concentrates
Feed allowed an animal for a 24 hour period
Ration which supplies nutrients in the proper amounts
The way something is made up or put together
Feed high in total digestible nutrients and low in fiber
Ration
Feed allowed an animal for a 24 hour period
Balanced ration
Ration which supplies nutrients in the proper amounts
211 terms
Animal Nutrition
Essential
Non-essential
nutrients
6 classes of nutrients
Cannot be synthesized by the body and in high demanded by the…
Can be synthesized by the body or... can be obtained from the diet
Part of the diet that have specific functions within the body…
Water... Carbohydrates ... Proteins... Fats... Vitamins ... Minerals
Essential
Cannot be synthesized by the body and in high demanded by the…
Non-essential
Can be synthesized by the body or... can be obtained from the diet
53 terms
Animal Nutrition
Vitamin A Function
Vitamin A Deficiency
Vitamin A Excess
Vitamin B Function
Component of proteins and cells; involved in reproduction and…
Poor growth and coat quality. Severe deficiency can lead to e…
in cats can cause spinal issues
Important for many metabolic reactions. Vitally important for…
Vitamin A Function
Component of proteins and cells; involved in reproduction and…
Vitamin A Deficiency
Poor growth and coat quality. Severe deficiency can lead to e…
Animal Nutrition
water
fats
carbohydrates
minerals
A liquid made of hydroden and oxygen.
Also known as lipids, fats are an essential nutrient composed…
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
Nutrients that are needed by the body in small amounts and ar…
water
A liquid made of hydroden and oxygen.
fats
Also known as lipids, fats are an essential nutrient composed…
14 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrition
Autotrophic
Heterotrophic
Herbivores
The way in which an organism gets and uses its food
An organism which makes its own food
An organism which takes in food from its enviroment
Animals that feed only on plants
Nutrition
The way in which an organism gets and uses its food
Autotrophic
An organism which makes its own food
40 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrition
Nutrient
A balanced diet
Metabolism
The process by which the body takes in and uses food
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
A diet that contains the correct amounts of all the necessary…
All the processes required to maintain body functioning.... 新陈代谢
Nutrition
The process by which the body takes in and uses food
Nutrient
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
59 terms
Animal nutrition
Diet
Balance Diet
Things that affect the amount of energ…
Malnutrition
food an animal eats everyday
Food that contains all of the nutrients in the correct amount…
1. Your activity levels... 2. Your age ... 3. Whether you are preg…
Result of not eating a balanced diet; wrong amount of nutrients
Diet
food an animal eats everyday
Balance Diet
Food that contains all of the nutrients in the correct amount…
40 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrition 养料
Nutrient 养份
A balanced diet 均衡饮食
Metabolism 新陈代谢
The process by which the body takes in and uses food
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
A diet that contains the correct amounts of all the necessary…
All the processes required to maintain body functioning.
Nutrition 养料
The process by which the body takes in and uses food
Nutrient 养份
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
12 terms
Animal Nutrition
important in the blood for carrying of…
accounts for 70% or more of the compos…
needed for growth and repair
a single class of food or group of lik…
minerals
water
proteins
nutrient
important in the blood for carrying of…
minerals
accounts for 70% or more of the compos…
water
52 terms
Animal Nutrition
Essential Amino Acids
Calcium
Iron
Phosphorous
Amino acids that cannot be synthesized and must be obtained f…
Bone & teeth formation, nerve & muscle function... Found in dair…
Enzyme cofactor, component of hemoglobin... Found in meat, eggs,…
Bone & tooth formation, acid-base balance... Found in dairy, mea…
Essential Amino Acids
Amino acids that cannot be synthesized and must be obtained f…
Calcium
Bone & teeth formation, nerve & muscle function... Found in dair…
21 terms
Animal Nutrition
Crop
Enzymes
Absorption
Mastication
Sac-like enlargement of the esophagus in birds
Organic catalysts that speed up digestion
Taking digested parts into the bloodstream
The process of chewing food
Crop
Sac-like enlargement of the esophagus in birds
Enzymes
Organic catalysts that speed up digestion
49 terms
Animal Nutrition
Vitamins
Minerals
Animals feed because
Predators
several are essential for humans
several are essential for humans
They need essential nutrients:... Essential Fatty Acids... Essentia…
ingests food through eating living animals
Vitamins
several are essential for humans
Minerals
several are essential for humans
78 terms
Chapter 41 Animal Nutrition
nutrition
essential nutrients
8
complete
food being taken in, taken apart, and taken up
materials that an animal's cells require but cannot synthesiz…
number of essential amino acids
proteins in animal products are _________ amino acids, meanin…
nutrition
food being taken in, taken apart, and taken up
essential nutrients
materials that an animal's cells require but cannot synthesiz…
29 terms
Animal Nutrition
Bermuda Grass
Ryegrass
Bromegrass
Cheat Grass
Southern USA, lawn pastures, illeal impactions. Protein 15-20…
Perennial, protein 12-16% TDN- 63-38%. Northern US
Winter hardy, everywhere but Florida, CP 12-20
BAD GRASS, CP 3%
Bermuda Grass
Southern USA, lawn pastures, illeal impactions. Protein 15-20…
Ryegrass
Perennial, protein 12-16% TDN- 63-38%. Northern US
40 terms
Animal Nutrition - Balanced Diet
Nutrition
Nutrient
A balanced diet
Metabolism
The process by which the body takes in and uses food
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
A diet that contains the correct amounts of all the necessary…
All the processes required to maintain body functioning.
Nutrition
The process by which the body takes in and uses food
Nutrient
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
85 terms
Animal Nutrition
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
What does NFC stand for?
Why is TDN not an ideal unit?
GE
ADEK
Non-fiber carbohydrates
Undervalues protein content
combustible energy
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
ADEK
What does NFC stand for?
Non-fiber carbohydrates
20 terms
Animal Nutrition
feed additive
palability
amino acid
ration
A substance that is added to feed to help with growth
flavor of the feed
basic unit of protein
amount of feed that is allowed for an animal in a 24 hr. period
feed additive
A substance that is added to feed to help with growth
palability
flavor of the feed
40 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrition
Nutrient
A balanced diet
Metabolism
The process by which the body takes in and uses food... 营养
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
A diet that contains the correct amounts of all the necessary…
All the processes required to maintain body functioning.... 新陈代谢
Nutrition
The process by which the body takes in and uses food... 营养
Nutrient
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
12 terms
Animal Nutrition
19 pair
23 pair
27 pair
30 pair
How many chromosomes do swime have?
How many chromosomes do humans have?
How many chromosomes do sheep have?
How many chromosomes do goats have?
19 pair
How many chromosomes do swime have?
23 pair
How many chromosomes do humans have?
55 terms
Animal Anatomy, Physiology, and Nutrition
nutrition
scurvy
anorexia
ration
the process whereby all body parts receive materials needed f…
vitamin c deficiency disease
the result of too little nutrition
the amount of feed fed in one day
nutrition
the process whereby all body parts receive materials needed f…
scurvy
vitamin c deficiency disease
17 terms
Animal Nutrition
Abomasum
Small Intestine
Anus
Rumen
Digestive juices with acid and enzymes added to the digestive…
absorbs digestible nutrients into the blood stream
Serves as the exit from the body for feces
Stores and helps break down the feed
Abomasum
Digestive juices with acid and enzymes added to the digestive…
Small Intestine
absorbs digestible nutrients into the blood stream
13 terms
ANIMAL NUTRITION
Chemical fertilizers
Malnutrition
Cholesterol
Unsaturated fats
Used in agriculture to help replace soil nutrients in order t…
Poor nutrition that results from an insufficient or poorly ba…
A type of fat made by the body from saturated fat.
A fat that is liquid at room temperature and found in vegetab…
Chemical fertilizers
Used in agriculture to help replace soil nutrients in order t…
Malnutrition
Poor nutrition that results from an insufficient or poorly ba…
40 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrition
Nutrient
A balanced diet
Metabolism
The process by which the body takes in and uses food
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
A diet that contains the correct amounts of all the necessary…
All the processes required to maintain body functioning.... 新陈代谢
Nutrition
The process by which the body takes in and uses food
Nutrient
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
Animal nutrition
Carbohydrates
Protein
Vitamins
Vitamin D
Any one of various substances found in certain foods (such as…
A substance found in foods (such as meat, milk, eggs, and bea…
Any of a group of organic compounds which are essential for n…
Any of a group of vitamins found in liver and fish oils, esse…
Carbohydrates
Any one of various substances found in certain foods (such as…
Protein
A substance found in foods (such as meat, milk, eggs, and bea…
40 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrition
Nutrient
A balanced diet
Metabolism
The process by which the body takes in and uses food... 营养
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
A diet that contains the correct amounts of all the necessary…
All the processes required to maintain body functioning.... 新陈代谢
Nutrition
The process by which the body takes in and uses food... 营养
Nutrient
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair it…
46 terms
Animal Nutrition
calorie
Calorie
Ghrelin
Leptin
heat needed to raise 1 gram of water 1 degree C
= 1 kilocalorie and 1,000 calories
released from stomach; triggers huger
from fat cells; suppresses hunger
calorie
heat needed to raise 1 gram of water 1 degree C
Calorie
= 1 kilocalorie and 1,000 calories
21 terms
Animal Nutrition
Total Digestible Nutrient (TDN)
Crude Protein (CP)
Dry Matter
As-is
all nutrients consumed by an animal that are digested and used
An estimate based on the nitrogen content of the feed.
indicates the part of the feed that is not water
the actual feed that is being feed to the livestock
Total Digestible Nutrient (TDN)
all nutrients consumed by an animal that are digested and used
Crude Protein (CP)
An estimate based on the nitrogen content of the feed.
Animal Nutrition
Animal's diet must have
Essential nutrients
Essential amino acids
Fatty acids
chemical energy (converted ATP), organic building blocks to s…
amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, minerals
require 20, can get half from diet
can synthesize most, but few must be from diet, including som…
Animal's diet must have
chemical energy (converted ATP), organic building blocks to s…
Essential nutrients
amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, minerals
26 terms
Animal Nutrition
why eat?
a body needs water to...
bases
carbohydrates are used for __ and made…
for energy, growth, repairs and replacement of cells, body fu…
carry out reactions (reactants have to be dissolved)... transpor…
A and T go together, as do C and G
energy carbon hydrogen and oxygen
why eat?
for energy, growth, repairs and replacement of cells, body fu…
a body needs water to...
carry out reactions (reactants have to be dissolved)... transpor…
67 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrition
Herbivores
Carnivores
Omnivores
food being taken in, taken apart, and taken up.
Dine mainly on plants or algae
Dine mainly on other animals
Dine on both plants and other animals.
Nutrition
food being taken in, taken apart, and taken up.
Herbivores
Dine mainly on plants or algae
11 terms
Animal Nutrition
*Animal's diet must supply chemical en…
*Main stages of food processing are in…
Why don't we "digest" ourselves?
*Organs specialized for sequential sta…
I. Food: source of chemical energy and nutrients for cellular…
II. Processing Nutrients: 4 stages... 1. Ingestion: "eating" in…
-food processed in specialized compartments... -favors enzymatic…
III. Mammalian digestive system... 1. Alimentary canal and acces…
*Animal's diet must supply chemical en…
I. Food: source of chemical energy and nutrients for cellular…
*Main stages of food processing are in…
II. Processing Nutrients: 4 stages... 1. Ingestion: "eating" in…
21 terms
Animal Nutrition
Why food
Energy from food sources
Essential nutrients in animal diets
vitamins
animals require food to synthesize ATP and to gain carbon. Fo…
mostly from carbohydrates and fats - measured in kilocalories…
amino acids - 20 necessary for protein synthesis.... 12/20 amin…
mainly used to synthesize cofactors for enzymes - play a role…
Why food
animals require food to synthesize ATP and to gain carbon. Fo…
Energy from food sources
mostly from carbohydrates and fats - measured in kilocalories…
29 terms
Animal Nutrition
List the Factors that can influence th…
Why can primates and guinea pigs not s…
what is the difference in Micro and Ma…
List the Macro Minerals
Animals age... PH of Intestinal tract... Form of element... Competitio…
lack the proper enzymes to sythsize ascorbic acid
Micro Minerals- will be found in smaller amounts in the body…
Mg-Magnesium... S-Sulfer... K-Potassium... Ca-calcium... Na-sodium... Cl-Chl…
List the Factors that can influence th…
Animals age... PH of Intestinal tract... Form of element... Competitio…
Why can primates and guinea pigs not s…
lack the proper enzymes to sythsize ascorbic acid
61 terms
Animal nutrition
What are the three needs that an adequ…
How strictly do animals stick to their…
What is most ATP derived from?
Which substances' monomers can be used…
1) To obtain chemical energy for the cellular work of the bod…
Most animals are opportunistic feeders, eg although deer and…
The oxidation of organic fuel molecules eg carbohydrates, pro…
Fats, carbohydrates and proteins.
What are the three needs that an adequ…
1) To obtain chemical energy for the cellular work of the bod…
How strictly do animals stick to their…
Most animals are opportunistic feeders, eg although deer and…
96 terms
Animal Nutrition
Animal performance
What are three things that can cause p…
What is nutrition?
What is a nutrient?
to achieve a desired response to nutrients
1. deficiency... 2. toxicity... 3. imbalance
the process of gathering, processing, using and responding to…
any feed constituent that functions in the support of life
Animal performance
to achieve a desired response to nutrients
What are three things that can cause p…
1. deficiency... 2. toxicity... 3. imbalance
19 terms
Animal Nutrition
How an Owner Chooses a Pet Food
What Makes a Good Pet Food?
Common Myths About Pet Foods and Feeding
Myths and Truths about Feeding and Nut…
• Vet recommendation... • Cost... • Animal preference... • Allergies/M…
• No by-products - ie. Beaks, feathers, fur, etc.... • Approved…
Meat should be the first thing on the label.... Low fat diet.... Ch…
...
How an Owner Chooses a Pet Food
• Vet recommendation... • Cost... • Animal preference... • Allergies/M…
What Makes a Good Pet Food?
• No by-products - ie. Beaks, feathers, fur, etc.... • Approved…
159 terms
Animal nutrition
T/F An essential nutrient can be synth…
T/F Legumes are generally higher in Ca…
T/F as animal ages, the percent compos…
T/F If ADF tests are high, then the sa…
False
True
false, fat
False, low
T/F An essential nutrient can be synth…
False
T/F Legumes are generally higher in Ca…
True
20 terms
Animal Nutrition
Lecture 1
Nutrition
Nutrient
What are the 6 categories of classic n…
Lecture 1
Ingestion, assimilation/elimination and use of nutrients
Any food constituent that aids in the support of life. The ch…
Vitamins, Minerals, Water, Fats, Carbohydrates, and Protein
Lecture 1
Lecture 1
Nutrition
Ingestion, assimilation/elimination and use of nutrients
55 terms
Animal Nutrition
Bioenergetics
ATP (Adenosine and Triphosphate)
Metabolic Rate
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Measure of all energy into and out of an animal
Formed by CONSUMED NUTRIENTS; Main energy currency of the cell
Amount of energy an animal uses in a unit of time
Metabolic rate of ENDOTHERM at rest
Bioenergetics
Measure of all energy into and out of an animal
ATP (Adenosine and Triphosphate)
Formed by CONSUMED NUTRIENTS; Main energy currency of the cell
58 terms
Animal Nutrition Lab 1
Johnson Grass
Citrus Meal
Poultry Byproduct Meal
Wheat Bran
Johnson Grass
Citrus Meal
60 terms
Animal Nutrition
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism =
Nutrient
Sum of the physical and chemical... processes by which living su…
The building up of a chemical compound, by the... union of its e…
Any destructive metabolic process by which... organisms convert…
A nutritious substance; food or other component... - Water... - Car…
Metabolism
Sum of the physical and chemical... processes by which living su…
Anabolism
The building up of a chemical compound, by the... union of its e…
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