Study sets matching "animal nutrition"

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Study sets matching "animal nutrition"

192 terms
Animal Nutrition
the study of feedstuffs and their effi…
_______ is the largest production cost…
a feed constituent that is absorbed fr…
6 classes of nutrients
animal nutrition
feed costs
nutrient
water... fats... vitamins... carbohydrates... proteins... minerals
the study of feedstuffs and their effi…
animal nutrition
_______ is the largest production cost…
feed costs
85 terms
Animal Nutrition
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
What does NFC stand for?
Why is TDN not an ideal unit?
GE
ADEK
Non-fiber carbohydrates
Undervalues protein content
combustible energy
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
ADEK
What does NFC stand for?
Non-fiber carbohydrates
Animal Nutrition
Essential nutrients
Balanced diet
Malnutrition
Obesity
Carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre & water
A diet containing all of the essential nutrients in the corre…
The result of an unbalanced diet
The result of overeating and gaining excessive amount of weig…
Essential nutrients
Carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre & water
Balanced diet
A diet containing all of the essential nutrients in the corre…
21 terms
Animal Nutrition
Total Digestible Nutrient (TDN)
Crude Protein (CP)
Dry Matter
As-is
all nutrients consumed by an animal that are digested and used
An estimate based on the nitrogen content of the feed.
indicates the part of the feed that is not water
the actual feed that is being feed to the livestock
Total Digestible Nutrient (TDN)
all nutrients consumed by an animal that are digested and used
Crude Protein (CP)
An estimate based on the nitrogen content of the feed.
53 terms
Animal Nutrition
Vitamin A Function
Vitamin A Deficiency
Vitamin A Excess
Vitamin B Function
Component of proteins and cells; involved in reproduction and…
Poor growth and coat quality. Severe deficiency can lead to e…
in cats can cause spinal issues
Important for many metabolic reactions. Vitally important for…
Vitamin A Function
Component of proteins and cells; involved in reproduction and…
Vitamin A Deficiency
Poor growth and coat quality. Severe deficiency can lead to e…
186 terms
Animal Nutrition - Small Animal
Private Label/Generic Brands of dog fo…
Match Market emphasis of: (low cost, p…
Percent moisture in... A) dry food... B) sof…
Which is very high in simple sugars an…
A) high mineral... B) low digest
A) palatability... B) low cost... C) Ingredients and "optimal nutri…
A) 6-12%... B) 10-20%... C) 20-40%... D) 68-85%
C - Semi Moist
Private Label/Generic Brands of dog fo…
A) high mineral... B) low digest
Match Market emphasis of: (low cost, p…
A) palatability... B) low cost... C) Ingredients and "optimal nutri…
Animal Nutrition
process by which an organism takes in…
Essential nutrients
macronutrients
micronutrients
Define Nutrition
Which nutrients that we can't make in our cells but still nee…
nutrients required in large amounts
nutrients needed in small amounts
process by which an organism takes in…
Define Nutrition
Essential nutrients
Which nutrients that we can't make in our cells but still nee…
40 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrition
Nutrient
Water
Protein
Animal receiving a proper and balanced food and water ration…
Refers to a single food or group of foods
Needed for Biochemical Reactions, Transport nutrients, Mainta…
Composed of Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen; Develop a…
Nutrition
Animal receiving a proper and balanced food and water ration…
Nutrient
Refers to a single food or group of foods
35 terms
Animal Nutrition
Essential nutrients
Balanced diet
Malnutrition
Obesity
Carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre & water
A diet containing all of the essential nutrients in the corre…
The result of an unbalanced diet
The result of overeating and gaining excessive amount of weig…
Essential nutrients
Carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre & water
Balanced diet
A diet containing all of the essential nutrients in the corre…
211 terms
Animal Nutrition
Essential
Non-essential
nutrients
6 classes of nutrients
Cannot be synthesized by the body and in high demanded by the…
Can be synthesized by the body or... can be obtained from the diet
Part of the diet that have specific functions within the body…
Water... Carbohydrates ... Proteins... Fats... Vitamins ... Minerals
Essential
Cannot be synthesized by the body and in high demanded by the…
Non-essential
Can be synthesized by the body or... can be obtained from the diet
40 terms
Animal Nutrition
Essential nutrients
Balanced diet
Malnutrition
Obesity
Carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre & water
A diet containing all of the essential nutrients in the corre…
The result of an unbalanced diet
The result of overeating and gaining excessive amount of weig…
Essential nutrients
Carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre & water
Balanced diet
A diet containing all of the essential nutrients in the corre…
Animal Nutrition
19 pair
23 pair
27 pair
30 pair
How many chromosomes do swime have?
How many chromosomes do humans have?
How many chromosomes do sheep have?
How many chromosomes do goats have?
19 pair
How many chromosomes do swime have?
23 pair
How many chromosomes do humans have?
40 terms
4 Animal Science Nutrition
Ration
Balanced ration
Composition
Concentrates
Feed allowed an animal for a 24 hour period
Ration which supplies nutrients in the proper amounts
The way something is made up or put together
Feed high in total digestible nutrients and low in fiber
Ration
Feed allowed an animal for a 24 hour period
Balanced ration
Ration which supplies nutrients in the proper amounts
107 terms
Animal Nutrition Lab Practical
What two different experimental condit…
Broiler Growth trailer in our lab is a…
________________________ Determines di…
________________________ Requires the…
16:8 and 8:16 Light:Dark cycles for Red Broilers and Cornish…
1) Production Trial
2) Digestion Trial
1) Production Trial
What two different experimental condit…
16:8 and 8:16 Light:Dark cycles for Red Broilers and Cornish…
Broiler Growth trailer in our lab is a…
1) Production Trial
Animal Science Animal Nutrition
5 uses and functions of feed
Feedstuff
feed
palatability
maintenance... growth... reproduction... lactation... work
an ingredient used in making feed for animals
what animals eat to get nutrients
how well an animal likes a feed
5 uses and functions of feed
maintenance... growth... reproduction... lactation... work
Feedstuff
an ingredient used in making feed for animals
Animal Nutrition
How an Owner Chooses a Pet Food
What Makes a Good Pet Food?
Common Myths About Pet Foods and Feeding
Myths and Truths about Feeding and Nut…
• Vet recommendation... • Cost... • Animal preference... • Allergies/M…
• No by-products - ie. Beaks, feathers, fur, etc.... • Approved…
Meat should be the first thing on the label.... Low fat diet.... Ch…
...
How an Owner Chooses a Pet Food
• Vet recommendation... • Cost... • Animal preference... • Allergies/M…
What Makes a Good Pet Food?
• No by-products - ie. Beaks, feathers, fur, etc.... • Approved…
68 terms
Animal Science & Animal Nutrition
Water soluble vitamins
Fat soluble vitamins
Carotenoids
Retinoids
Act as enzyme cofactors in intracellular fluid... All considered…
Function in membrane components
Vitamin A in plants... Red, yellow, and green plants
Vitamin A in animals
Water soluble vitamins
Act as enzyme cofactors in intracellular fluid... All considered…
Fat soluble vitamins
Function in membrane components
55 terms
Animal Nutrition
Bioenergetics
ATP (Adenosine and Triphosphate)
Metabolic Rate
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Measure of all energy into and out of an animal
Formed by CONSUMED NUTRIENTS; Main energy currency of the cell
Amount of energy an animal uses in a unit of time
Metabolic rate of ENDOTHERM at rest
Bioenergetics
Measure of all energy into and out of an animal
ATP (Adenosine and Triphosphate)
Formed by CONSUMED NUTRIENTS; Main energy currency of the cell
60 terms
Animal Nutrition
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism =
Nutrient
Sum of the physical and chemical... processes by which living su…
The building up of a chemical compound, by the... union of its e…
Any destructive metabolic process by which... organisms convert…
A nutritious substance; food or other component... - Water... - Car…
Metabolism
Sum of the physical and chemical... processes by which living su…
Anabolism
The building up of a chemical compound, by the... union of its e…
Animal Nutrition
List the Factors that can influence th…
Why can primates and guinea pigs not s…
what is the difference in Micro and Ma…
List the Macro Minerals
Animals age... PH of Intestinal tract... Form of element... Competitio…
lack the proper enzymes to sythsize ascorbic acid
Micro Minerals- will be found in smaller amounts in the body…
Mg-Magnesium... S-Sulfer... K-Potassium... Ca-calcium... Na-sodium... Cl-Chl…
List the Factors that can influence th…
Animals age... PH of Intestinal tract... Form of element... Competitio…
Why can primates and guinea pigs not s…
lack the proper enzymes to sythsize ascorbic acid
28 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrition
nutrient
6 classes of nutrition
food
interrelated steps by which a living organism assimilates foo…
any chemical element or compound in the diet that is required…
water proteins and amino acids carbohydrates lipids vitamins…
edible material that provides nutrients
Nutrition
interrelated steps by which a living organism assimilates foo…
nutrient
any chemical element or compound in the diet that is required…
60 terms
Nutrition: Animal Nutrition
AAFCO
Antioxidant
Ash
Bloat
Association of American Feed Control Officials, an associatio…
A substance which retards the oxidation of fats in feeds and…
All the materials in a food that are non-combustible. These a…
A life threatening, rapid enlargement of the stomach occurrin…
AAFCO
Association of American Feed Control Officials, an associatio…
Antioxidant
A substance which retards the oxidation of fats in feeds and…
12 terms
Animal Nutrition
proteins
lipid
carbohydrates
essential nutrients
organic compounds primarily made up of amino acids that allow…
a family of chemical compounds which include fats and oils
feed components that provide energy and are composed of carbo…
substances that are required for proper growth in all animals
proteins
organic compounds primarily made up of amino acids that allow…
lipid
a family of chemical compounds which include fats and oils
40 terms
Animal nutrition
Nutrient
Nutrient categories
Protein
How many amino acids are in animal tis…
A dietary essential for one or more species of animals
Vitamins lipids carbohydrates protein minerals
Composed of amino acids
20 amino acids 10 essential 10 non essential
Nutrient
A dietary essential for one or more species of animals
Nutrient categories
Vitamins lipids carbohydrates protein minerals
20 terms
Animal Nutrition
Lecture 1
Nutrition
Nutrient
What are the 6 categories of classic n…
Lecture 1
Ingestion, assimilation/elimination and use of nutrients
Any food constituent that aids in the support of life. The ch…
Vitamins, Minerals, Water, Fats, Carbohydrates, and Protein
Lecture 1
Lecture 1
Nutrition
Ingestion, assimilation/elimination and use of nutrients
48 terms
Animal Nutrition
Diet
Malnutrition
Starvation
Coronary heart disease
The food consumed by an organism
Lack of proper nutrition, caused by not having enough to eat,…
A severe deficiency in energy intake needed to maintain human…
A disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up i…
Diet
The food consumed by an organism
Malnutrition
Lack of proper nutrition, caused by not having enough to eat,…
12 terms
Animal Nutrition
important in the blood for carrying of…
accounts for 70% or more of the compos…
needed for growth and repair
a single class of food or group of lik…
minerals
water
proteins
nutrient
important in the blood for carrying of…
minerals
accounts for 70% or more of the compos…
water
57 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrient
Essential Nutrients
Essential Amino Acids
Vitamins
-Any substance that an organism requires for normal growth, m…
-Any chemical element, ion or compound that is required for n…
-Any that an animal cannot synthesize and must be obtained fr…
-Any of various organic micronutrients that usually function…
Nutrient
-Any substance that an organism requires for normal growth, m…
Essential Nutrients
-Any chemical element, ion or compound that is required for n…
Animal Nutrition Study Guide
Feedstuff
Feed
Palatability
Roughages
Is an ingredient used in making the feed for animals.
Is what animals eat to get nutrients.
Is how well an animal likes a feed.
Livestock feeds that contain more then 18% crude fiber when d…
Feedstuff
Is an ingredient used in making the feed for animals.
Feed
Is what animals eat to get nutrients.
Animal Nutrition
Straw Consumption by cows
Lactating Cows
Cold temperatures
Muddy Conditions
1.25% BW
40% increase in intake
30% increase in intake
15% decrease intake
Straw Consumption by cows
1.25% BW
Lactating Cows
40% increase in intake
59 terms
Animal Nutrition
five nutrient categories
proteins
types of amino acids
amino acids are composed of _ differen…
1) proteins... 2) carbs... 3) fats/lipiods... 4)vitamins... 5)minerals
made up of amino acids,which are the building blocks for prot…
1) arginne... 2) methionine... 3) tryptophan
10 essential amino acids... 10 non essential amino acid
five nutrient categories
1) proteins... 2) carbs... 3) fats/lipiods... 4)vitamins... 5)minerals
proteins
made up of amino acids,which are the building blocks for prot…
65 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrition
Alimentary Canal
Ingestion
Mechanical Digestion
The taking in of nutrients which are organic substances and m…
A specialized tube running from the mouth to the anus.
When food and drink are taken into the body through the mouth.
The teeth and tongue break the food into small pieces.
Nutrition
The taking in of nutrients which are organic substances and m…
Alimentary Canal
A specialized tube running from the mouth to the anus.
20 terms
Animal Nutrition
feed additive
palability
amino acid
ration
A substance that is added to feed to help with growth
flavor of the feed
basic unit of protein
amount of feed that is allowed for an animal in a 24 hr. period
feed additive
A substance that is added to feed to help with growth
palability
flavor of the feed
Animal Nutrition
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
What does NFC stand for?
Why is TDN not an ideal unit?
GE
ADEK
Non-fiber carbohydrates
Undervalues protein content
combustible energy
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
ADEK
What does NFC stand for?
Non-fiber carbohydrates
Animal Nutrition
What is a nutrient?
List the 6 classes of nutrients.
Is energy considered a nutrient?
What are functional foods/nutraceutica…
Any chemical element or compound in the diet that supports li…
1. Water... 2. Proteins and amino acids... 3. Carbohydrates... 4. Lipi…
No it is derived from nutrients! Lipids, carbohydrates and pr…
Foods that have non-nutrient effects that contribute to health
What is a nutrient?
Any chemical element or compound in the diet that supports li…
List the 6 classes of nutrients.
1. Water... 2. Proteins and amino acids... 3. Carbohydrates... 4. Lipi…
17 terms
Animal Nutrition
Abomasum
Small Intestine
Anus
Rumen
Digestive juices with acid and enzymes added to the digestive…
absorbs digestible nutrients into the blood stream
Serves as the exit from the body for feces
Stores and helps break down the feed
Abomasum
Digestive juices with acid and enzymes added to the digestive…
Small Intestine
absorbs digestible nutrients into the blood stream
Animal Nutrition
What is the biggest production cost in…
What percent of production costs are f…
What is a Nutrient?
6 cases of nutrients:
Feed costs
60-75%
a feed constituent (chemical substance) that is absorbed from…
Water... Fats... Carbohydrates... Proteins... Vitamins... Minerals
What is the biggest production cost in…
Feed costs
What percent of production costs are f…
60-75%
74 terms
Animal Nutrition Lecture 1
Lecture 1
Nutrition
Nutrient in foods is used by the body…
essential nutrient
Lecture 1
the sum of the processes in which an animal or plant takes in…
-source of energy=to make ATP... -structure = proteins = muscles…
a substance that must be obtained in the diet. body CANNOT ma…
Lecture 1
Lecture 1
Nutrition
the sum of the processes in which an animal or plant takes in…
13 terms
ANIMAL NUTRITION
Chemical fertilizers
Malnutrition
Cholesterol
Unsaturated fats
Used in agriculture to help replace soil nutrients in order t…
Poor nutrition that results from an insufficient or poorly ba…
A type of fat made by the body from saturated fat.
A fat that is liquid at room temperature and found in vegetab…
Chemical fertilizers
Used in agriculture to help replace soil nutrients in order t…
Malnutrition
Poor nutrition that results from an insufficient or poorly ba…
Animal Nutrition
Energy Feeds
Characteristics of Grains
Types of Grains
Characteristics of Roughages
-Grains... -Roughages and Forages... -Fats and Oils
-high in energy... -low in protein
-Milo(primarily in south)-80% energy... -Corn-100% energy... -Barle…
-high in fiber... -low in protein... -low in energy
Energy Feeds
-Grains... -Roughages and Forages... -Fats and Oils
Characteristics of Grains
-high in energy... -low in protein
Animal Nutrition
Crop
Large Intestines and Ceca
Bird
Chickens bred for meat
What specializes in outcropping the esophagus, feed storage,…
What are paired blind pouches that are the cite of microbial…
What is Avian relating to?
What's a broiler?
Crop
What specializes in outcropping the esophagus, feed storage,…
Large Intestines and Ceca
What are paired blind pouches that are the cite of microbial…
Animal nutrition
Carbohydrates
Protein
Vitamins
Vitamin D
Any one of various substances found in certain foods (such as…
A substance found in foods (such as meat, milk, eggs, and bea…
Any of a group of organic compounds which are essential for n…
Any of a group of vitamins found in liver and fish oils, esse…
Carbohydrates
Any one of various substances found in certain foods (such as…
Protein
A substance found in foods (such as meat, milk, eggs, and bea…
Animal Nutrition
Nutrition
Nutrient
Biochemical reactions
Respiration
Animals recieving a proper and balanced food and water ration…
A single food or groups of food of the same general chemical…
...
...
Nutrition
Animals recieving a proper and balanced food and water ration…
Nutrient
A single food or groups of food of the same general chemical…
5 terms
Animal Nutrition
Components of Carbohydrates
Measurement of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates produced by plants
Volatile Fatty Acids
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Calories
Sugars and Starches
Short-chain fatty acids created by microbial fermentation of…
Components of Carbohydrates
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Measurement of Carbohydrates
Calories
52 terms
Animal Nutrition
Essential Amino Acids
Calcium
Iron
Phosphorous
Amino acids that cannot be synthesized and must be obtained f…
Bone & teeth formation, nerve & muscle function... Found in dair…
Enzyme cofactor, component of hemoglobin... Found in meat, eggs,…
Bone & tooth formation, acid-base balance... Found in dairy, mea…
Essential Amino Acids
Amino acids that cannot be synthesized and must be obtained f…
Calcium
Bone & teeth formation, nerve & muscle function... Found in dair…
14 terms
Animal Nutrition
Nutrition
Multidisciplinary & Interdisciplinary
Nutrient
Supports cellular needs for:
Science involving the interrelated steps by which an organism…
Requires the application of chemistry, physics, and math inte…
An element or compound in the diet that aids in the support o…
Water... Fuel... Structural constituents... Skin, muscle, bone, nerves…
Nutrition
Science involving the interrelated steps by which an organism…
Multidisciplinary & Interdisciplinary
Requires the application of chemistry, physics, and math inte…
46 terms
Animal Nutrition
calorie
Calorie
Ghrelin
Leptin
heat needed to raise 1 gram of water 1 degree C
= 1 kilocalorie and 1,000 calories
released from stomach; triggers huger
from fat cells; suppresses hunger
calorie
heat needed to raise 1 gram of water 1 degree C
Calorie
= 1 kilocalorie and 1,000 calories
54 terms
Animal Nutrition Lecture 2
Lecture 2
Continuous development and growth of a…
Life cycle breakdown: (5)
many hormonal changes to use nutrients…
Lecture 2
Life Cycle
-neonate... -growing animal... -maturing animal (young adult)... -adul…
pregnancy
Lecture 2
Lecture 2
Continuous development and growth of a…
Life Cycle
14 terms
animal nutrition
steps to obtaining nutrients
animal's source of chemical energy and…
nutrients
food
1. ingestion- taking in food... 2. digestion- breakdown of food…
carbs, proteins, fats
substance an organism needs to remain alive
any material that contains nutrients
steps to obtaining nutrients
1. ingestion- taking in food... 2. digestion- breakdown of food…
animal's source of chemical energy and…
carbs, proteins, fats
Animal Nutrition
3 nutritional needs
main stages of food processing
4 main mechanisms of ingestion
digestion
1. fuel for all cellular work... 2. the organic raw materials fo…
ingestion, digestion, absorption, and elimination
-suspension and filter feeders... -substrate feeders... -fluid feed…
process of breaking food down into molecules small enough to…
3 nutritional needs
1. fuel for all cellular work... 2. the organic raw materials fo…
main stages of food processing
ingestion, digestion, absorption, and elimination
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