Study sets matching "animal behavior chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "animal behavior chapter 4"

17 terms
Animal Behavior Chapter 4
What is DNA?
Where is DNA located?
What are chromosomes ?
What are Genes ?
Genetic information in a cell
In the nucleus of a cell in discrete chromosones
They contain genes that make up the genetic blueprint of an o…
the instructional manual for life, also the determining facto…
What is DNA?
Genetic information in a cell
Where is DNA located?
In the nucleus of a cell in discrete chromosones
10 terms
Animal Behavior (Chapter 4)
Allele
Gene
Phenotype
Genotype
A gene variant; one of tow or more alternative forms of a gene
The biological units of heredity, located on the chromosomes.
The observable characteristics of an organism.
The genetic makeup of an individual.
Allele
A gene variant; one of tow or more alternative forms of a gene
Gene
The biological units of heredity, located on the chromosomes.
Principles of Animal Behavior - Chapter 4
Ultimate
Proximate
Mendel's Laws
Principle of Segregation
natural selection of genetic variants over one another
specific allele(s) coding for a behavioral trait
1. Principle of Segregation... 2. Law of Independent Assortment
2 copies of each gene that segregate during formation of egg…
Ultimate
natural selection of genetic variants over one another
Proximate
specific allele(s) coding for a behavioral trait
95 terms
<Chapter 4> ANIMAL BEHAVIOR: Elephants
orphanage
be bound to
orphan
abandon
고아원
~하지 않을 수 없다
고아
버리다, 포기하다
orphanage
고아원
be bound to
~하지 않을 수 없다
Biology Animal Behavior Chapter 4
Behavioral Genetics
Mendel's Laws
Singel Locus effect
Quantitative Trait Loci
Is a field in which variation among individuals is separated…
Principle of segregation... Independent assortment
One gene might be responsible for the presence or lack of one…
Is a section of DNA that correlates with variation in a pheno…
Behavioral Genetics
Is a field in which variation among individuals is separated…
Mendel's Laws
Principle of segregation... Independent assortment
9 terms
Principles of Animal Behavior - Chapter 4
Ultimate
Proximate
Mendel's Laws
Principle of Segregation
natural selection of genetic variants over one another
specific allele(s) coding for a behavioral trait
1. Principle of Segregation... 2. Law of Independent Assortment
2 copies of each gene that segregate during formation of egg…
Ultimate
natural selection of genetic variants over one another
Proximate
specific allele(s) coding for a behavioral trait
28 terms
Animal Behavior Chapter 4
What is communication?
What is a signal?
What is a display?
What are some things animals would com…
A sender (intentionally) produces a signal that conveys infor…
Information is transmitted, benefits sender by altering behav…
A stereotyped sequence of behaviors that has a signaling func…
- conflict resolution... - territory defense... - mating/sexual adv…
What is communication?
A sender (intentionally) produces a signal that conveys infor…
What is a signal?
Information is transmitted, benefits sender by altering behav…
27 terms
Chapter 4--The Study of Animal Behavior
anthropocentrism
Aristotle's approach to animal behavior
inductive
anecdotal
view that places humans as the most important element in the…
inductive and comparative, yet also anecdotal, vitalistic, te…
makes observations and builds a conclusion from the observati…
draws major conclusions from one time observations
anthropocentrism
view that places humans as the most important element in the…
Aristotle's approach to animal behavior
inductive and comparative, yet also anecdotal, vitalistic, te…
animal learning and behavior chapter 4
aversion therapy
conditioned emotional response
conditioned taste aversion
counterconditioning
a form of counterconditioning in which a CS is paired with an…
an emotional response to a stimulus that is acquired through…
an aversion, acquired through Pavlovian conditioning to foods…
the use of Pavlovian conditioning to reverse the unwanted eff…
aversion therapy
a form of counterconditioning in which a CS is paired with an…
conditioned emotional response
an emotional response to a stimulus that is acquired through…
8 terms
Biology chapter 4 animal behavior
Innate behaviors
Fixed action pattern
Learning
Habituation
Inherited actions that are performed effectively the first ti…
A type of innate behavior that all members of a species perfo…
The modification of behaviors through experience
A type of learning in which an animal to ignore a frequent ha…
Innate behaviors
Inherited actions that are performed effectively the first ti…
Fixed action pattern
A type of innate behavior that all members of a species perfo…
11 terms
Animal Behavior Exam 1: Chapter 4
Allele
Gene
Phenotype
Genotype
A gene variant; one of two or more alternative forms of a gene
The biological units of heredity, located on the chromosomes
Observable priorities of an organism and is a result of genot…
genetic makeup
Allele
A gene variant; one of two or more alternative forms of a gene
Gene
The biological units of heredity, located on the chromosomes
25 terms
Animal Behavior Chapter 4 (Natural Selection)
Evolution
Examples of variations in traits
If frequency of particular variants of…
Darwin and Natural Selection
A change in the frequencies of different alleles in a populat…
Eye color (blue, brown, hazel, green)... Timing of shell-removal…
evolution... i.e. species change over time... -Explained by Darwin'…
Observation 1... -All species have great potential fertility... Obs…
Evolution
A change in the frequencies of different alleles in a populat…
Examples of variations in traits
Eye color (blue, brown, hazel, green)... Timing of shell-removal…
37 terms
Bisc120 Chapter 4- Animal Behavior
behavior
ethology
behavior could be due to...
external stimulus
the sum of the responses of an organism to stimuli in its env…
the study of animal behavior in the context of the evolution,…
external or internal stimulus or both
sight of a predator
behavior
the sum of the responses of an organism to stimuli in its env…
ethology
the study of animal behavior in the context of the evolution,…
21 terms
Chapter 4: Sex Differences in Behavior - Animal Models and Humans
Critical Periods
The Aromatization Hypothesis
Why aren't females masculinized?
Prenatal Environment
Periods during which an animal is maximally susceptible to th…
• Proposes that it is the aromatized, estrogenic metabolites…
o Neonatal ovaries don't produce much estrogen... o But females…
Intrauterine, or via egg yolk
Critical Periods
Periods during which an animal is maximally susceptible to th…
The Aromatization Hypothesis
• Proposes that it is the aromatized, estrogenic metabolites…
14 terms
Chapter 4 molecular genetics and animal behavior
mendels 1st law of segregation
mendel's 2nd law of independent assort…
Ruffs
honeybee foraging with per mRNA
during gamete formation, each member of the allelic pair sepa…
during gamete formation, the segregation of the alleles of on…
males display one of 2 behavioral strategies during the matin…
• Per mRNA levels was significantly greater in older individu…
mendels 1st law of segregation
during gamete formation, each member of the allelic pair sepa…
mendel's 2nd law of independent assort…
during gamete formation, the segregation of the alleles of on…
Animal Behavior Chapter 4: Brief Review
What are the two events that can lead…
what are the core tools for operant co…
describe the effects of "negative" and…
who coined the term operant conditioning
1) signal is overutilized (habituated)... 2) conditioned stimulu…
reinforcement (occurs more)... punishment (occurs less)
negative is taking away... positive is inflicting/giving
BF Skinner
What are the two events that can lead…
1) signal is overutilized (habituated)... 2) conditioned stimulu…
what are the core tools for operant co…
reinforcement (occurs more)... punishment (occurs less)
Principles of Animal Behavior Chapter 4 Molecular Genetics and Development
behavioral gentics
Medel's laws
dominant
ressessive
The study of genetic variance associated with behavior.
segregation, independent assortment,
at at he genetic level a single copy of the allele is all tha…
two copies of an allele are necessary for the expression of a…
behavioral gentics
The study of genetic variance associated with behavior.
Medel's laws
segregation, independent assortment,
22 terms
Animal Behavior by Alcock: Chapter 4, Chapter 5 definitions
fitness cost
fitness benefits
adaptive value
adaptation
the negative effect of a trait on the number of surviving off…
positive effects of the trait on reproductive and genetic suc…
contribution to fitness
a hereditary trait that has spread or is spreading by natural…
fitness cost
the negative effect of a trait on the number of surviving off…
fitness benefits
positive effects of the trait on reproductive and genetic suc…
55 terms
Animal Behavior Exam 1 - Chapter 4
general definition of evolution
4 mechanisms for change in gene freque…
natural selection
reproductive success
any long-lasting change in the genetic composition of a popul…
1. mutation and recombination... 2. Gene flow (migration and emi…
differential reproduction of individuals
RS: self explanatory
general definition of evolution
any long-lasting change in the genetic composition of a popul…
4 mechanisms for change in gene freque…
1. mutation and recombination... 2. Gene flow (migration and emi…
29 terms
Animal behavior week 4
camouflage
angler fish
turtle
animal welfare
visual deception to elude predators, lurk undetected, awaitin…
hides in the sand in the ocean floor, tries to be a flounder,…
blends in with the leaves an ducks in the fish by making tong…
humane treatment of animals
camouflage
visual deception to elude predators, lurk undetected, awaitin…
angler fish
hides in the sand in the ocean floor, tries to be a flounder,…
20 terms
Animal Behavior-Chapter 5
Behavior
Stimulus
Response
Instinct
All the actions an animal performs
A change in the organism's surroundings that causes the organ…
A action or change in behavior that occurs in reaction to a s…
An inborn behavior pattern that an animal performs correctly…
Behavior
All the actions an animal performs
Stimulus
A change in the organism's surroundings that causes the organ…
38 terms
Organizational Behavior Chapter 4
Motivation
Motivation
Motivated behavior
need
the set of forces that leads people to behave in particular w…
the set of forces that causes people to engage in one behavio…
a kind of behavior usually begins when a person has one or mo…
anything an individual requires or wants
Motivation
the set of forces that leads people to behave in particular w…
Motivation
the set of forces that causes people to engage in one behavio…
95 terms
Ch 4> ANIMAL BEHAVIOR: Elephants
orphanage
be bound to
orphan
abandon
고아원
~하지 않을 수 없다
고아
버리다, 포기하다
orphanage
고아원
be bound to
~하지 않을 수 없다
Animal Behavior: Chap 4
Signaler
Reciever
2 things needed for communication
Hyenas
one who gives cues
one who receives cues
signaler + receiver (both must be receiving benefits!)
development of pseudopenes
Signaler
one who gives cues
Reciever
one who receives cues
26 terms
Animal Behavior by Goodenough, McGuire & Jakob - Chapter 4
Theodosius Dobzhansky
Evolution
Population
Darwin, Evolution: Natural Selection
"Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolut…
A change in the frequencies of different alleles in a populat…
Interbreeding group of organisms of the same species
Although other types of evolutionary forces have an impact on…
Theodosius Dobzhansky
"Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolut…
Evolution
A change in the frequencies of different alleles in a populat…
26 terms
Chapter 4- Vocab (Behavior)
la armonía
el comportamiento
el conflicto
la explicacíon
harmony
behavior
conflict
explanation
la armonía
harmony
el comportamiento
behavior
39 terms
Animal Behavior: Ch.4-6
Homeostasis
Time Budget
Behavioral Homeostasis
Drive
Normal use of time and energy
Quantification of how an animal divides its available time am…
Maintenance of appropriate living conditions by using behavio…
Energized motivation to behave in a certain way (can result i…
Homeostasis
Normal use of time and energy
Time Budget
Quantification of how an animal divides its available time am…
66 terms
Animal Behavior Chapters 1-4
proximate
ultimate
causation
theory
questions ask about relatively imminent causes or mechanisms…
questions ask about the evolution of a trait
is the direct mechanism responsible for a behavior
is an overarching concept that explains a body of facts about…
proximate
questions ask about relatively imminent causes or mechanisms…
ultimate
questions ask about the evolution of a trait
Chapter 34: Animal Behavior
Behavior
Stimulus
Response
Innate behavior
The way an organism reacts to changes in its internal conditi…
A signal to which an organism responds; any kind of detectabl…
Single, specific reaction to a stimulus
Instinct, or inborn behavior; behavior that appears in a full…
Behavior
The way an organism reacts to changes in its internal conditi…
Stimulus
A signal to which an organism responds; any kind of detectabl…
35 terms
Consumer Behavior: Chapter 4
Consumer Information Processing Involv…
Three Types of Memory
Comprehension
Factors Affecting Comprehension
Exposure, Attention, Comprehension, and Elaboration.
Sensory, Workbench/Short-term, and Long-term.
Refers to interpretation or understanding that a consumer dev…
Message Characteristics, Message Receiver Characteristics, an…
Consumer Information Processing Involv…
Exposure, Attention, Comprehension, and Elaboration.
Three Types of Memory
Sensory, Workbench/Short-term, and Long-term.
11 terms
Animal Behavior-Chapter 2
Artificial selection
Phenotype
Gentotype
Allele
The process of humans deliberately choosing certain varieties…
The observable properties oof an organism.
The indiviuals genetic makeup
A gene variant
Artificial selection
The process of humans deliberately choosing certain varieties…
Phenotype
The observable properties oof an organism.
Behavioral Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Macrosociology
Microsociology
Status
Ascribed Status
Big scale Sociology, groups interacting with groups
Small Scale Sociology, Individuals interacting with Individuals
A description of your position in society and expected roles…
A status given at birth, not chosen (Ex. Male, white, son)
Macrosociology
Big scale Sociology, groups interacting with groups
Microsociology
Small Scale Sociology, Individuals interacting with Individuals
Animal Farm Chapter 4
alighted
conferred
contemptible
dung
landed or settled after a flight
discussed something in order to compare opinions
worthy of disrespect and contempt
manure
alighted
landed or settled after a flight
conferred
discussed something in order to compare opinions
41 terms
Animal Behavior Chapter 1
Ethology
Comparative Psychology
Behavior
Behavior ecology
Biological study of animal behavior... Focus on observing behavi…
Study of animal psychology / behavior... -discovery of divergent…
The coordinated reponses of whole living organisms to interna…
John Krebs studied optimal foraging theory
Ethology
Biological study of animal behavior... Focus on observing behavi…
Comparative Psychology
Study of animal psychology / behavior... -discovery of divergent…
Chapter 4: Measuring Behavior
artifact
celeration
celeration of time period
celeration trend line
an outcome or result that appears to exist because of the way…
the change (acceleration and deceleration) in rate of respond…
A unit of time (e.g., per week, per month), in which celerati…
the celeration trend line is measured as a factor by which ra…
artifact
an outcome or result that appears to exist because of the way…
celeration
the change (acceleration and deceleration) in rate of respond…
17 terms
Science Chapter 4: Animal Growth and Heredity (Life Cycles, Inherited Traits, and Instincts vs. Learned Behaviors)
how does a life cycle start?
Explain the two ways animals develop:
complete metamorphosis
Give 2 examples of organisms that unde…
with a fertilized egg
1) some animals develop inside their mothers' bodies, then th…
the insect changes completely from one stage to the next
butterflies and frogs
how does a life cycle start?
with a fertilized egg
Explain the two ways animals develop:
1) some animals develop inside their mothers' bodies, then th…
Brain and Behavior Chapter 4
Sagittal Plane
Coronal Plane
Horizontal Planes
Dorsal
Divides the brain into left and right
Divides the brain like a loaf of bread
Divides the brain like a hamburger bun
- Located toward the back... - pertaining to the back or upper s…
Sagittal Plane
Divides the brain into left and right
Coronal Plane
Divides the brain like a loaf of bread
18 terms
Chapter 4 Verbal Behavior
According to Skinner, what variables i…
Discuss 2 means by which the relation…
Define a generalized conditioned reinf…
Define Echoic Behavior and account for…
Variables include if deprivation is great, in the presence of…
1. Reinforce the response under different states of deprivati…
A GCR is a conditioned reinforcer that is backed up by many o…
Echoic behavior is the simplest form of verbal behavior that…
According to Skinner, what variables i…
Variables include if deprivation is great, in the presence of…
Discuss 2 means by which the relation…
1. Reinforce the response under different states of deprivati…
75 terms
Chapter 4 - The Brain & Behavior
neurons
dendrites
axon
glial cells
building blocks of the nervous system
receiving units of the neuron
extension of the neuron that conducts electrical impulses fro…
Cells in the nervous system that support, nourish, and protec…
neurons
building blocks of the nervous system
dendrites
receiving units of the neuron
27 terms
Animal Farm- Chapter 4-Vocabulary
taproom
adjoin
pasture
shrewd
a bar in a pub or hotel
to be next to or joined to somethingA barn adjoins the farmho…
land covered with grass that is suitable for feeding animals on
clever at understanding and making judgements about a situation
taproom
a bar in a pub or hotel
adjoin
to be next to or joined to somethingA barn adjoins the farmho…
Chapter 4 Animal rights and Animal Welfare
Animal rights
animal welfare
confinement systems
ecoterroism
the position that animals should not be exploited or used in…
the position that animals should be treated humanely
Animals are confined to cages or pens in partially enclosed o…
terrorism or crimes committed under the disguise of saving na…
Animal rights
the position that animals should not be exploited or used in…
animal welfare
the position that animals should be treated humanely
42 terms
Animal Farm (Chapter 4)
pigeon
mingle
taproom
monstrous
wild and domesticated birds having a heavy body and short leg…
To mix or join with others (v.)
room that serves drinks and snacks in a hotel (n.)
abnormally large (adj.)
pigeon
wild and domesticated birds having a heavy body and short leg…
mingle
To mix or join with others (v.)
72 terms
Animal A & P Chapter 4
Absorption
Active Membrane Process
Active Transport
Alkaline
assimilating substances into cells or across the tissues and…
requires energy; moves ions or molecules across the cell memb…
requires energy; moves ions or molecules across the cell memb…
pH above 7; basic; has fewer hydrogen ions and more hydroxide…
Absorption
assimilating substances into cells or across the tissues and…
Active Membrane Process
requires energy; moves ions or molecules across the cell memb…
Chapter 4 Behavior Control
meaning, culture
Thinking
mentally, physically
Imaging
Human action is based on ____________, which you learn throug…
_____________ allows you to make use of meaning
Thinking allows you to make use of meaning by allowing you to…
___________ something makes it more likely to happen
meaning, culture
Human action is based on ____________, which you learn throug…
Thinking
_____________ allows you to make use of meaning
ANIMAL FARM by George Orwell, Chapter 4
to mingle
neglected
shrewd
to flog
relacionarse
descuidado/abandonado
astuto
azotar
to mingle
relacionarse
neglected
descuidado/abandonado
5 terms
Animal Farm Chapter 4
Injustice
Misfortune
Fortnight
Cannibal
Unfair or wrong
Bad luck
2 weeks
Any animal that eats its own kind
Injustice
Unfair or wrong
Misfortune
Bad luck
66 terms
Brain and Behavior Chapter 4
Galvaini
Electrical stimulation studies done by
Fritsch and Hitzig Electrical stimulat…
Bartholow
18th century... Electrical stimulation
- Fritsch and Hitzig ... - Bartholow
Electrical stimulation of the neocortex causes movement (arms…
First report of human brain stimulation
Galvaini
18th century... Electrical stimulation
Electrical stimulation studies done by
- Fritsch and Hitzig ... - Bartholow
10 terms
Chapter 4 Animal Growth and Heredity
Life cycle
Mitosis
Chromosome
Inherited Trait
The stages that a living thing passes through as it grows and…
The process by which most cells divide
A threadlike structure in the nucleus, made up of DNA
A characteristic passed from parents to their offspring.
Life cycle
The stages that a living thing passes through as it grows and…
Mitosis
The process by which most cells divide
30 terms
Criminal Behavior Chapter 4
Behaviorism
Classical conditioning
Cognitive processes
Crimes of obedience
A perspective that focuses on observable, measurable behavior…
The process of learning to respond to a formerly neutral stim…
Internal mental processes that enable humans to imagine, gain…
Illegal acts that are committed under the order of someone in…
Behaviorism
A perspective that focuses on observable, measurable behavior…
Classical conditioning
The process of learning to respond to a formerly neutral stim…
Chapter 4 Organizational Behavior
Attitude
Affect
Social Learning
Cognitive Dissonance
A psychological tendency expressed by evaluating an entity wi…
The emotional component of an attitude
The process of deriving attitudes from family, peer groups, r…
A state of tension that is produced when an individual experi…
Attitude
A psychological tendency expressed by evaluating an entity wi…
Affect
The emotional component of an attitude
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