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Study sets matching "animal biology"

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Study sets matching "animal biology"

11 terms
Chapter 1: Animal Biology
Scientific Method
Lamarckism
Charles Lyell
Charles Darwin
observation, questioning, hypothesis
Jean Baptise de Lamarck- first hypothesis of evolution
the father of geology- studied uniformitarianism
5 year voyage of the HMS Beagle
Scientific Method
observation, questioning, hypothesis
Lamarckism
Jean Baptise de Lamarck- first hypothesis of evolution
35 terms
Animal biology
Know the microscope
anterior
posterior
dorsal
Head (cranial)
butt (caudal)
Back
Know the microscope
anterior
Head (cranial)
39 terms
Animal Biology
Characteristics of Animals
Porifera (Phylum)
Calcarea
Hexactinellida
Multicellular... Heterotrophic... No Cell Walls... Eukaryotic... Ability…
Sponges... No true tissues... Reproduce asexually (budding) or crea…
Contains calcium carbonate or silica spicules... Spicule give su…
"Glass Sponges"... Contain silica spicules (up to 3 m long)... Have…
Characteristics of Animals
Multicellular... Heterotrophic... No Cell Walls... Eukaryotic... Ability…
Porifera (Phylum)
Sponges... No true tissues... Reproduce asexually (budding) or crea…
19 terms
Animal Biology
Asymmetry
Radial Symmetry
Bilateral Symmetry
Asymmetry
irregular shape, can not be perfectly equal on both sides. (e…
All body parts arranged equally around a circle (e.g-Jellyfish)
Form mirror images, when cut in half.
Asymmetry
irregular shape, can not be perfectly equal on both sides. (e…
Radial Symmetry
All body parts arranged equally around a circle (e.g-Jellyfish)
85 terms
Animal Biology Exam 1
Evolution
Evolutionary force
cline
Jean-Batiste Lamarck
any change in the genetic constitution of a population of org…
any factor in the external environment or in the bodies of th…
some measurable gradual change over a geographic region in th…
theory of inheritance of acquired characters, called soft inh…
Evolution
any change in the genetic constitution of a population of org…
Evolutionary force
any factor in the external environment or in the bodies of th…
38 terms
Chapter 31: Animal Biology
macroscopic evolutioanry lineages
heterotrophs
Eukaryote evolution
animal origins
plants, fungi, and animals
fungi and animals... -gain energy from organic material
there are many other evolutionary lineages of Eukaryotes beyo…
-first Eukaryotes evolved sometime between 2 billion and 1.5…
macroscopic evolutioanry lineages
plants, fungi, and animals
heterotrophs
fungi and animals... -gain energy from organic material
132 terms
Animal Biology
Define: Anatomy
Define: Physiology
Define: Convergent evolution with exam…
Define: Tissue
Organization or physical structure of the organism
How the structure functions
Evolution of organisms such that they share anatomies... ex: Loo…
Groups of cells with similar appearance and a common function
Define: Anatomy
Organization or physical structure of the organism
Define: Physiology
How the structure functions
43 terms
Animal Biology
What are the 3 types of circulatory sy…
ADH Levels
Do ectotherms have a thermal neutral z…
Hemeglobin
...
Low: caffeine, cold, alcohol... High: after exercise, dehydrated
No
contains iron *reversible O2 carrier ( and apparently CO2)... ea…
What are the 3 types of circulatory sy…
...
ADH Levels
Low: caffeine, cold, alcohol... High: after exercise, dehydrated
21 terms
Animal Biology Vocabulary
eukaryotes
heterotrophs
Endoskeleton
Exoskeleton
cells with nucleus and organelles
Take food internally and digest food... Cannot make their own food
Inside support of cartilage and bone
Cover outside of body... Limit Size... Must be molted, making anima…
eukaryotes
cells with nucleus and organelles
heterotrophs
Take food internally and digest food... Cannot make their own food
66 terms
Biology - Animals
Protostome
Deuterostome
Asymmetry
Radial
Development of an animal in which the gastrula becomes the mo…
Development of an animal in which the gastrula becomes the anus
Symmetry of an irregularly shaped body
Symmetry in which the body can be divided along any plane, th…
Protostome
Development of an animal in which the gastrula becomes the mo…
Deuterostome
Development of an animal in which the gastrula becomes the anus
155 terms
Animal Biology
What are cells
What are amoebas
What are bacteria
Where does binary fission happen and w…
Functional units of life(makes something living)
single celled Eukaryotes(Like plants, animals, and fungi)
prokaryotic (like archea)
asexual and in amoebas
What are cells
Functional units of life(makes something living)
What are amoebas
single celled Eukaryotes(Like plants, animals, and fungi)
10 terms
Biology: Animal Cell
centrioles
cytoplasm
Golgi apparatus
lysosome
centrioles
cytoplasm
20 terms
Animal Biology
Mono gastric
Hind-gut Fermenter
Ruminant
Alimentary Canal
An animal with a single stomach
A herbivorous animal which digests the majority of its food i…
An animal with four stomach-compartments in its initial diges…
The full digestive system
Mono gastric
An animal with a single stomach
Hind-gut Fermenter
A herbivorous animal which digests the majority of its food i…
14 terms
Animal Biology
Mitosis
Meiosis
OOegenisis
Spermatogenesis
Somatic cells, 2 diploid
Gametes, 4 haploid
Egg formation
Sperm formation
Mitosis
Somatic cells, 2 diploid
Meiosis
Gametes, 4 haploid
24 terms
Animal biology
Insects, arachnid, chilopods, diplopod…
Metaphosis
3
4
5 classes of arthropods
The changing of an animals body is called
How many stages are there in incomplete metamorphisis
How many stages are their in complete metaporphisis
Insects, arachnid, chilopods, diplopod…
5 classes of arthropods
Metaphosis
The changing of an animals body is called
38 terms
Animal Biology Practical
Cnidaria
Echinodermata
Chordata
Actinopterygii
What phylum are anemones in?
What phylum are urchins in?
What phylum are fish in?
What class are fish in?
Cnidaria
What phylum are anemones in?
Echinodermata
What phylum are urchins in?
23 terms
Animal Biology
What is an animal?
Structure and Function
Networks
Exchange
Unifying characteristics: multicellular, heterotrophic (obtai…
Structure enable function... Structure constrains function --> t…
Biological structures interact to form complex systems (cells…
Hydra - have outer and internal layer of cells, each in direc…
What is an animal?
Unifying characteristics: multicellular, heterotrophic (obtai…
Structure and Function
Structure enable function... Structure constrains function --> t…
81 terms
Animal Biology Animal Diversity
why is animal diversity important?
what are the characteristics of animals?
clade
Grade
3rd greatest experiment in multicellular life... important to ou…
-if the kingdom animalia is monophyletic (CLADE) then we shou…
complete branch of an evolutionary tree... all members descended…
a level of morphological organization in a group that share a…
why is animal diversity important?
3rd greatest experiment in multicellular life... important to ou…
what are the characteristics of animals?
-if the kingdom animalia is monophyletic (CLADE) then we shou…
12 terms
animal biology
Roughages
concetrates
digestible nutrient
ration
feedstuffs that are high in fiber and low in energy
feeds low in fiber and high in energy
part of the feedstuff that can be digested
total amount of feed an animal gets in a 24 hour period
Roughages
feedstuffs that are high in fiber and low in energy
concetrates
feeds low in fiber and high in energy
24 terms
Animal biology
Drunk King Philip Came Over For Great…
BAE: Bacteria, archaea, eukarya
Prokaryotic: bacteria, archaea/ single…
Def: mitochondria and plastids were sm…
Hierarchical system of classification accronym
What are the 3 domain classification?
What's the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell…
What is the endosymbiotic theory and what is its evidence?
Drunk King Philip Came Over For Great…
Hierarchical system of classification accronym
BAE: Bacteria, archaea, eukarya
What are the 3 domain classification?
36 terms
Cambell Chapter 40 - Animal Biology
Anatomy
Physiology
Maximizing surface area
Homeostasis
- organization or physical structure of the organism
- how the structures function
- has been a key outcome of evolution... - maximizing surface ar…
- maintain a relatively stable internal... environment in variab…
Anatomy
- organization or physical structure of the organism
Physiology
- how the structures function
70 terms
Animal biology
Anterior/cranial
Posterior/caudal
Dorsal/superior
Ventral/inferior
Head
Butt
Back/top
Stomach
Anterior/cranial
Head
Posterior/caudal
Butt
10 terms
Biology: Label an Animal Cell
centrioles
cytoplasm
Golgi apparatus
lysosome
centrioles
cytoplasm
41 terms
Animal Biology
Similar to Blastocyt
Specialization of individuals cells for
Inclosing of the sphere to form an int…
Living analogs of early animals
A larger hollow sphere of cells rather than a smaller solid b…
feeding, structural elements and defense
Possibly like fetal position
sponges
Similar to Blastocyt
A larger hollow sphere of cells rather than a smaller solid b…
Specialization of individuals cells for
feeding, structural elements and defense
39 terms
Biology Animals
Hymenoptera
Diptera
Lepidoptera
Hemiptera
Hymenoptera
Diptera
48 terms
Animal Biology
sometime between 2 billion and 1.5 bil…
1 billion years ago
1 billion and 5 million years ago
large hollow sphere of cells, speciali…
when did the first Eukaryotes evolve
when did the first multicellular organisms evolve
when did the Fungi plants and animals become distinct lineages
three steps in early animal evolution
sometime between 2 billion and 1.5 bil…
when did the first Eukaryotes evolve
1 billion years ago
when did the first multicellular organisms evolve
38 terms
Biology of animals
Obligate Mutualism
Resource partiotioning
Neutralism
Predators
Neither can survive without the other
Competitor divide the niche
none affect the other
...
Obligate Mutualism
Neither can survive without the other
Resource partiotioning
Competitor divide the niche
59 terms
Animal Biology
Class Cestoda
nidamental gland
incurrent canal
pinacocytes
class to which tapeworms belong
found in female squid; secretes matrix which surrounds the eg…
first canal in the sponge water enters into
argued to be true tissue in the sponge; line the incurrent ca…
Class Cestoda
class to which tapeworms belong
nidamental gland
found in female squid; secretes matrix which surrounds the eg…
39 terms
Biology - Animal Test Review
What kind of organisms belong in the p…
What kind of organisms belong in the p…
What kind of organisms belong in the p…
What kind of organisms belong in the p…
Segmented worms, earthworm, leech
Spiders, Scorpions, Mites, Crab, Shrimp, Lobster, Crayfish, C…
Jellyfish, Coral, Sea anemones, Hydra
Starfish, Sea urchin, Sand dollar
What kind of organisms belong in the p…
Segmented worms, earthworm, leech
What kind of organisms belong in the p…
Spiders, Scorpions, Mites, Crab, Shrimp, Lobster, Crayfish, C…
13 terms
Animal Cell Biology
Cell/Plasma membrane
Centrioles
Cytoplasm
Endoplasmic Reticulum
thin, semi-permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of…
cylindrical structures that organize the assembly of microtub…
gel-like substance within the cell.
extensive network of membranes composed of both regions with…
Cell/Plasma membrane
thin, semi-permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of…
Centrioles
cylindrical structures that organize the assembly of microtub…
Animal biology
anatomy
physiology
adaptations
trade-off
an organism's physical structures
how the physical structures in a organism function
heritable traits that make individuals more likely to survive…
inescapable compromise between traits
anatomy
an organism's physical structures
physiology
how the physical structures in a organism function
228 terms
Animal Biology
heterotrophic
fusiform
interstitial fluid
extracellular matrix
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
tapering at both ends; spindle-shaped
the fluid filling the spaces between cells in most animals
the meshwork surrounding animals, consisting of glycoproteins…
heterotrophic
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
fusiform
tapering at both ends; spindle-shaped
53 terms
Animal Biology
Dominant
Genotype
Heterozygous
Allele
Refers to an allele that masks the effect of a recessive alle…
The particular set of alleles that is carries by an individua…
Having two different alleles of a gene
Alternative forms of the same gene
Dominant
Refers to an allele that masks the effect of a recessive alle…
Genotype
The particular set of alleles that is carries by an individua…
17 terms
Biology animals
Exoskeleton
Endoskeleton
Zygote
Cephalization
Hard waxy outer covering on the outside of animal that provid…
Internal skeleton made of bone or cartilage
Fertilized egg
Concentration of sensory organs in the anterior end
Exoskeleton
Hard waxy outer covering on the outside of animal that provid…
Endoskeleton
Internal skeleton made of bone or cartilage
36 terms
Biology-animal
Spicules
Spongin
Gemmules
Cephalization
Each of the small needle-like or pointed structures of calcit…
Fibrous substance found in the skeleton of many sponges.
Dormant cluster of cells with spicule covering.
Sense organs at anterior end of body
Spicules
Each of the small needle-like or pointed structures of calcit…
Spongin
Fibrous substance found in the skeleton of many sponges.
38 terms
Biology (Animals)
Porifera
porifera
Cnideria
cnideria
No cell wall... Heterotrophs... Multicellular... Eukartotes
Sponges
Tissue... Digestive system... Muscular systems ... Mouth... Stinging cells
Jellyfish
Porifera
No cell wall... Heterotrophs... Multicellular... Eukartotes
porifera
Sponges
57 terms
Biology Animal Diversity Labs
Hydrozoa, Cnidaria
Scyphozoa, Cnidaria
Hydrozoa, Cnidaria
Anthozoa, Cnidaria
Hydra
Aurelia
Obelia
Sea anemone
Hydrozoa, Cnidaria
Hydra
Scyphozoa, Cnidaria
Aurelia
19 terms
Animal | Biology
Why do Animals Need Food?
How do organisms gain mass?
How do organisms lose mass?
Food
to grow and repair.
Eating more, working out less. Storing more energy than you b…
Using the energy stored and breaking the bonds; releasing it…
proteins, fats, and carbohydrates
Why do Animals Need Food?
to grow and repair.
How do organisms gain mass?
Eating more, working out less. Storing more energy than you b…
373 terms
Animal Biology Chapters 8-11
Name four classes within phylum Platyh…
Are phylum Playthelminthes more comple…
What is ganglia?
What system is the ganglia a part of?
1. Tubellaria... 2. Monogenea... 3. Trematoda... 4. Cetoda
They are more complex with 3 germ layers, organs, ganglia and…
A collection of nerve tissue, a step up from a nerve net but…
The nervous system
Name four classes within phylum Platyh…
1. Tubellaria... 2. Monogenea... 3. Trematoda... 4. Cetoda
Are phylum Playthelminthes more comple…
They are more complex with 3 germ layers, organs, ganglia and…
30 terms
Animal Biology Lab I Images
Actinosphaerium
Amoeba
Arcella
Blepharisma
Actinosphaerium
Amoeba
19 terms
Animal Biology Chapter 6
Sessile
Osculum
Ostium
Spongocoel
Stationary
The exiting port of water in sponges
The entering port of water into sponges
Central cavity of the sponge
Sessile
Stationary
Osculum
The exiting port of water in sponges
96 terms
Animal Biology
incurrent canal
radial canal
spongocoel
pinacocytes
pinacocyte-lined canal where water flows into the sponge
canal that opens into the spongocoel and is closed at the out…
central cavity of a sponge
cells that line outer edge of sponge and let water pass; the…
incurrent canal
pinacocyte-lined canal where water flows into the sponge
radial canal
canal that opens into the spongocoel and is closed at the out…
129 terms
animal biology test 2
what organization are unicellular euka…
current classification of unicellular…
general characteristics of unicellular…
what kingdom are unicellular eukaryote…
polyphyletic
- characteristic cellular structures... - genomic sequences
- eukaryotic... - unicellular, some colonial... - mostly microscopi…
protista... group Proto + zoa (means animal)
what organization are unicellular euka…
polyphyletic
current classification of unicellular…
- characteristic cellular structures... - genomic sequences
55 terms
Animal Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Can mutations only be harmful?
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Types of Mutations
Insertion Mutation
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
1. Nucleotide Substitutions... 2. Nucleotide Frame-shifts
Add a codon to a set of three
Can mutations only be harmful?
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
16 terms
AP Biology- Animal Behavior
Animal behavior
Ethology
Fixed Action Pattern
Releasers
An organism's behavior important for its survival and fitness
Study of behavior and the relationship to its evolutionary or…
Innate behavior... Once begun, behavior continued until completi…
Sign stimuli exchanged between members of same species
Animal behavior
An organism's behavior important for its survival and fitness
Ethology
Study of behavior and the relationship to its evolutionary or…
8 terms
Biology - Animal Cell
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Vacuole
Cytoplasm
The enclosing structure that holds the cell togeether and con…
Organelle that is the control center of the cell. It contains…
Expanding and contracting organelle that stores water, nutrie…
Substance that contains all the living material in the cell
Cell Membrane
The enclosing structure that holds the cell togeether and con…
Nucleus
Organelle that is the control center of the cell. It contains…
39 terms
Animal Biology: Chapter 11
blending hypothesis
particulate hypothesis
trait
characteristics
genetic material from the two parents blends together
the idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)
heritable feature that varies among individuals (ex: flower c…
each variant for a trait, such as purple or white color for f…
blending hypothesis
genetic material from the two parents blends together
particulate hypothesis
the idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)
Biology: Animals
eukaryotes
heterotrophs
no cell walls
hydrostatic skeleton
cells containing a nucleus and other organelles
don't make their own food -- have to hunt and obtain it
plant cells only contain cell wall, animal cells lack them
fluid filled -- found in soft bodied organisms
eukaryotes
cells containing a nucleus and other organelles
heterotrophs
don't make their own food -- have to hunt and obtain it
47 terms
Regular Biology - Animal Physiology
Homeostasis
average body temperature
average heart rate
average blood pressure
maintenance of relatively constant internal chemical and phys…
98.6 F (37 C)
60 - 100 bpm
120/80 mmHg
Homeostasis
maintenance of relatively constant internal chemical and phys…
average body temperature
98.6 F (37 C)
128 terms
Animal Biology 160 - Common Animal Quiz
Rainbow Trout
Brook Trout
Channel Catfish
Bullhead
Rainbow Trout
Brook Trout
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