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Study sets matching "animal diversity lab"

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Study sets matching "animal diversity lab"

94 terms
Animal Diversity
Birds are able to fly at high speeds d…
Kinetic Skull of Reptiles allows for
What is a Jacobson organ
4 Monophyletic reptilian group are
Highly sensitive sensory organs
Ability for mandible to move separately from the jaw
Olfactory sense organ
Turtles, Archosaurs, squamates and tuataras
Birds are able to fly at high speeds d…
Highly sensitive sensory organs
Kinetic Skull of Reptiles allows for
Ability for mandible to move separately from the jaw
43 terms
Chapter 32 Animal Diversity
cleavage
blastula
gastrulation
gastrula
A succession of mitotic divisions without cell growth between…
Stage where embryo is a hollow ball of cells
When layers of embryonic tissue that will develop into body p…
Stage where one end of the embryo has folded inward, forming…
cleavage
A succession of mitotic divisions without cell growth between…
blastula
Stage where embryo is a hollow ball of cells
17 terms
ANIMAL DIVERSITY
fish
amphibians
reptiles
birds
ectothermic, lives in water, fins
ectothermic, water then land
ectothermic, scales, lays eggs
endothermic, feathers, lays eggs
fish
ectothermic, lives in water, fins
amphibians
ectothermic, water then land
9 terms
animal diversity
hibernate
graze
migrate
habitat
to spend part of the winter sleeping.
to eat the growing grass.
to move from one place to another.
the place where an animal or plant naturally lives and grows.
hibernate
to spend part of the winter sleeping.
graze
to eat the growing grass.
150 terms
Animal Diversity
phenotypic plasticity
species
allopatric speciation
allopatric speciation
ability of an organism to produce different phenotypes from t…
group of organisms that can potentially reproduce in nature t…
How does diversification occur?
the formation of two species from an ancestral species when t…
phenotypic plasticity
ability of an organism to produce different phenotypes from t…
species
group of organisms that can potentially reproduce in nature t…
31 terms
Animal Diversity
Echinodermata
Crinoids
Porifera
Anthozoan
Phylum
Subgroup
Phylum
Subgroup
Echinodermata
Phylum
Crinoids
Subgroup
21 terms
Animal Diversity
vertebrates
fish
amphibians
reptiles
Animals with backbones
Live in water, are covered in scales, and have gills to allow…
Live part of their lives in water and part on land
Snakes, turtles, alligators, and lizards are part of this gro…
vertebrates
Animals with backbones
fish
Live in water, are covered in scales, and have gills to allow…
109 terms
Animal Diversity
Animal
General Features of Animals
Eukaryotes
Heterotroph
Metazoa
Eukaryotic... NO Cell Walls... Mobile... Heterotrophs... Multicellular... Di…
Organelles enclosed in membrane
Satisfy needs by eating other organisms
Animal
Metazoa
General Features of Animals
Eukaryotic... NO Cell Walls... Mobile... Heterotrophs... Multicellular... Di…
47 terms
Animal Diversity
Character traits
Comparative morphology
Universal tissue layers
diploblasts
multicellular; heterotrophs; move under their own power at so…
Basic architecture of animal body has been conserved through…
All animals have tissues and epithelium (skin); from there th…
animals whose embryos have 2 types of tissues of germ layers:…
Character traits
multicellular; heterotrophs; move under their own power at so…
Comparative morphology
Basic architecture of animal body has been conserved through…
25 terms
ANIMAL DIVERSITY
Tissue Type: Connective... Cell Type: Ela…
Tissue Type: Connective... Cell Type: Hya…
Tissue Type: Connective... Cell Type: Bone
Tissue Type: Connective... Cell Type: Adi…
400x
400x
100x
400x
Tissue Type: Connective... Cell Type: Ela…
400x
Tissue Type: Connective... Cell Type: Hya…
400x
33 terms
Animal Diversity
vertebrate
invertebrate
radial
bilateral
an animal with a backbone
an animal with no backbone
type of symmetry seen in starfish
type of symmetry seen in animals with heads
vertebrate
an animal with a backbone
invertebrate
an animal with no backbone
13 terms
Animal Diversity Chapter 1
asymmetry
bilateral symmetry
invertebrate
radial symmetry
body organization that... cannot be divided into any two... parts t…
body organization that can be divided... into two parts that are…
animal that does not... have a backbone
body organization... that can be divided into two parts... that are…
asymmetry
body organization that... cannot be divided into any two... parts t…
bilateral symmetry
body organization that can be divided... into two parts that are…
61 terms
animal diversity
molluscs
Mollusca: aplacophora
Mollusca: polyplacophora
Mollusca: monoplacophora
A soft-bodied animal characterized by a muscular foot, mantle…
This class of mollusks doesn't have a shell, lacks a head, fo…
Chitons
"one shell bearing"; ancient deep-sea gastropod looking mollu…
molluscs
A soft-bodied animal characterized by a muscular foot, mantle…
Mollusca: aplacophora
This class of mollusks doesn't have a shell, lacks a head, fo…
18 terms
animal diversity
all animals
porifera
cnidaria
platyhelminthes
lack cell walls... multicellular... heterotrophic
sponges... lack true tissues
corals, hydras, anemone, jellyfish... diploplastic
flatworms
all animals
lack cell walls... multicellular... heterotrophic
porifera
sponges... lack true tissues
18 terms
animal diversity
all animals
porifera
cnidaria
platyhelminthes
lack cell walls... multicellular... heterotrophic
sponges... lack true tissues
corals, hydras, anemone, jellyfish... diploplastic
flatworms
all animals
lack cell walls... multicellular... heterotrophic
porifera
sponges... lack true tissues
42 terms
Animal Diversity
What are the 5 general characteristics…
What species is still considered any a…
How many species of sponges are there?
Are there any freshwater sponges?
1. Ingest their food (heterotrophic)... 2. Lack cell walls ... 3. M…
Sponges
7000
Yes, but most are marine
What are the 5 general characteristics…
1. Ingest their food (heterotrophic)... 2. Lack cell walls ... 3. M…
What species is still considered any a…
Sponges
57 terms
Biology Animal Diversity Labs
Hydrozoa, Cnidaria
Scyphozoa, Cnidaria
Hydrozoa, Cnidaria
Anthozoa, Cnidaria
Hydra
Aurelia
Obelia
Sea anemone
Hydrozoa, Cnidaria
Hydra
Scyphozoa, Cnidaria
Aurelia
29 terms
Chapter 23 Animal Diversity
derived characters
invertebrates
hox gene
vertebrates
all animals share a unique set of _____________
more than 95% of all animal species are _________________
mutation leads to the development of a body structure in the…
have an internal segmented backbone
derived characters
all animals share a unique set of _____________
invertebrates
more than 95% of all animal species are _________________
35 terms
Animal Diversity
Cleavage
Blastula
Gastrulation
Symmetry (radial)
Mitotic division with cell growth
A hollow ball of cells
The formation of the embryonic layers that will eventually de…
Animals that exhibit radial symmetry have a top and bottom si…
Cleavage
Mitotic division with cell growth
Blastula
A hollow ball of cells
17 terms
Animal Diversity
Species
Survival of the fittest
Speciation
Competition
A group of organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile o…
Organisms that have the bes genes survive and pass them on to…
Small genetic changes build up over generations to become muc…
There will always be more individuals produced than there are…
Species
A group of organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile o…
Survival of the fittest
Organisms that have the bes genes survive and pass them on to…
38 terms
Animal Diversity
Invertebrates
Taxonomy
Classification of Taxonomy (lowest to…
Bilateral symmetry
- Animals with no backbone... - Highly diverse and abundant... - 98…
The process of classifying organisms into a logical place in…
- Invertebrates (lower) or vertebrates (higher)... - Possession…
Have two equal halves
Invertebrates
- Animals with no backbone... - Highly diverse and abundant... - 98…
Taxonomy
The process of classifying organisms into a logical place in…
31 terms
Animal Diversity
Echinodermata
Crinoids
Porifera
Anthozoan
Phylum
Subgroup
Phylum
Subgroup
Echinodermata
Phylum
Crinoids
Subgroup
53 terms
Animal Diversity
Porifera
Cnidaria
Platyhelminthes
Nematoda
phylum... sponges... incomplete digestive system... two cell layers... ac…
phylum... jellyfish, hydra, sea anemones and corals... radial symme…
phylum... flat worms (tapeworms, liver flukes, and planarians)... b…
phylum... round worms... pseudo coelomate... complete digestive system
Porifera
phylum... sponges... incomplete digestive system... two cell layers... ac…
Cnidaria
phylum... jellyfish, hydra, sea anemones and corals... radial symme…
30 terms
Animal Diversity
Key Characteristics (Distinguishing Ch…
1) Nutritional Mode
2) Cell Structure + Specialization
2) Cell Structure + Specialization ... --…
1) Nutritional Mode... 2) Cell Structure and specialization... 3) R…
Ingestive heterotrophs --> need other organisms to get organi…
no cell walls... collagen - part of ECM for support of cells... spe…
responsible for moving body
Key Characteristics (Distinguishing Ch…
1) Nutritional Mode... 2) Cell Structure and specialization... 3) R…
1) Nutritional Mode
Ingestive heterotrophs --> need other organisms to get organi…
96 terms
Animal diversity
Unikonts
Bikonts
Paraphyletic
Alveolates
1 flagellum
2 flagellum
Group of organisms descended from a common evolutionary ances…
Cause red tides due to massive dinoflagellate blooms
Unikonts
1 flagellum
Bikonts
2 flagellum
21 terms
Animal Diversity
Cell Structure and Specialization
characteristics are shared by all ... ani…
Reproduction and Development
Zygote undergoes cleavage
Multicellular, but lack structural support of cell ... walls Pro…
multicellular, heterotrophic ... eukaryotes with tissues that de…
Most animals reproduce sexually and diploid stage ... dominates…
succession of ... mitotic cell divisions without cell growth bet…
Cell Structure and Specialization
Multicellular, but lack structural support of cell ... walls Pro…
characteristics are shared by all ... ani…
multicellular, heterotrophic ... eukaryotes with tissues that de…
68 terms
animal diversity
scolex
proglottids
eye spots (planarians)
digestive organ (planarians)
suckers and hooks (head) of Taenia tapeworm
body of Taenia tapeworm
eye looking things
body of planarian
scolex
suckers and hooks (head) of Taenia tapeworm
proglottids
body of Taenia tapeworm
33 terms
Animal Diversity
acoelomate
diploblastic
parazoans
protists
A solid-bodied animal lacking a cavity between the gut and ou…
2 tissue layers
organisms without true tissues (sponges)
A eukaryotic organism that cannot be classified as an animal,…
acoelomate
A solid-bodied animal lacking a cavity between the gut and ou…
diploblastic
2 tissue layers
42 terms
Animal Diversity
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Fungi
Animals
Animals are heterotrophs
Plants are autotrophs
Can be heterotrophs, saprobes, parasites, or symbionts... -They…
-Lack cell walls, so they contain abundant structural protein…
Heterotrophs
Animals are heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Plants are autotrophs
80 terms
ANIMAL DIVERSITY
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
`Standard Metabolic Rate (SMR)
Torpor
Hibernation
The minimum metabolic rate of a non-growing endotherm that is…
The metabolic rate of a fasting, nonstressed ectotherm at res…
A physiological state of decreased activity and metabolism, i…
Long term Torpor that is an adaption to winter cold and food…
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
The minimum metabolic rate of a non-growing endotherm that is…
`Standard Metabolic Rate (SMR)
The metabolic rate of a fasting, nonstressed ectotherm at res…
25 terms
Animal Diversity
Diploblastic
Triploblastic
Radial Symmetry
Bilateral Symmetry
An organism whose body is made of only two cell layers, the e…
Species with three germ layers: the ectoderm, endoderm, and m…
An organism possesses ___ symmetry if it can be cut into two…
Line symmetry; the quality of being divisible into halves tha…
Diploblastic
An organism whose body is made of only two cell layers, the e…
Triploblastic
Species with three germ layers: the ectoderm, endoderm, and m…
23 terms
Animal diversity
amphibians
reptiles
mammals
birds
Cold blooded vertebrates who lay eggs in water;... have gills wh…
Cold blooded vertebrates with lungs; scales cover their body,…
Warm blooded vertebrates with lungs. Most have babies that ar…
Warm blooded vertebrates with lungs; have feathers; have a be…
amphibians
Cold blooded vertebrates who lay eggs in water;... have gills wh…
reptiles
Cold blooded vertebrates with lungs; scales cover their body,…
5 terms
Animal Diversity
Bilateral symmetry
Radial symmetry
Vertebrate
Mammal
arrangement of an organism or part of an organism along a cen…
body plan in which body parts radiate from the center of the…
an animal with a skull and backbone (fish, amphibians, reptil…
an animal with fur, mammary glands, and special inner ear bones
Bilateral symmetry
arrangement of an organism or part of an organism along a cen…
Radial symmetry
body plan in which body parts radiate from the center of the…
15 terms
Animal Diversity
What Is An Animal?
Embryos show gastrula stage
Explanations for Animal Diversity
Radial Symmetry
-Multicellular (lacks cell walls)... -Heterotrophs (obtain carbo…
Deuterostomes: Blastopore located at anus... Protostome: Blastop…
Developmental Tool Kit... a.) Tissue Layers... b.) Bilateral Symmet…
What Is An Animal?
-Multicellular (lacks cell walls)... -Heterotrophs (obtain carbo…
Embryos show gastrula stage
Deuterostomes: Blastopore located at anus... Protostome: Blastop…
13 terms
Animal diversity
Animal derived traits
traits
traits
traits
1.multicellular ingesting heterotrophs- compared to plants an…
2. unique tissues
3. lack cell wall instead cellular matrix- collogen/ proteogl…
4. intercellular junction... a. tight junction- suture junction…
Animal derived traits
1.multicellular ingesting heterotrophs- compared to plants an…
traits
2. unique tissues
28 terms
animal diversity
diversity
species richness
species abundance
animal phyla
species richness and species abundance
a measure of how many different kinds of species are present
a measure of how many individuals of each species we see
animals have been classified into 33-36 different phyla
diversity
species richness and species abundance
species richness
a measure of how many different kinds of species are present
30 terms
Animal Diversity
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
family
Giới
Ngành
Lớp
họ
Kingdom
Giới
Phylum
Ngành
190 terms
Animal Diversity
3 Choanoflagellates (3)
1 What is an animal? (7)
1 Analogous trait
1 When did the first prokaryotes evolve?
-Sister group to Metazoa... -Similar to sponge choanocytes... -Last…
Eukaryotic... Multicellular... Heterotrophic... No rigid cell wall... Mot…
Similarities between organisms not present in the LCA. eg bat…
Archean, 4bya.... Stromatolites, photosynthesising cyanobacteria.
3 Choanoflagellates (3)
-Sister group to Metazoa... -Similar to sponge choanocytes... -Last…
1 What is an animal? (7)
Eukaryotic... Multicellular... Heterotrophic... No rigid cell wall... Mot…
38 terms
Animal diversity
Blastula
Porfiera (sponges)
Radial symmetry
Bilateral symmetry
hollow ball of cells
no true tissues, differentiated cells, funnel shaped flagella
regular arrangement of parts in a 360 manner... typically lack m…
right and left halves from mirror images... 3 germ layers triplo…
Blastula
hollow ball of cells
Porfiera (sponges)
no true tissues, differentiated cells, funnel shaped flagella
150 terms
Animal Diversity
phenotypic plasticity
species
allopatric speciation
allopatric speciation
ability of an organism to produce different phenotypes from t…
group of organisms that can potentially reproduce in nature t…
How does diversification occur?
the formation of two species from an ancestral species when t…
phenotypic plasticity
ability of an organism to produce different phenotypes from t…
species
group of organisms that can potentially reproduce in nature t…
44 terms
Animal Diversity
Mesentery
blastopore
Parazoa
Eumetazoa
structure that suspends the small intestine from the posterio…
The opening of the archenteron in the gastrula that develops…
Members of the subkingdom of animals consisting of the sponge…
Members of the subkingdom that includes all animals except sp…
Mesentery
structure that suspends the small intestine from the posterio…
blastopore
The opening of the archenteron in the gastrula that develops…
76 terms
animal diversity
Sphenodonta/Squamata
Appendicularia (Larvacea)
collar
collagen
tuatara
are solitary, free-swimming tunicates found throughout the wo…
an encircling band or marking around the neck of any animal
a fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and…
Sphenodonta/Squamata
tuatara
Appendicularia (Larvacea)
are solitary, free-swimming tunicates found throughout the wo…
19 terms
Animal Diversity
zygote
cleavage
blastula
gastrula
meeting of egg and sperm
when the zygote undergoes mitosis
multi-celled hollow balls
Embryonic stage after blastula. A hollow cup-shaped structure…
zygote
meeting of egg and sperm
cleavage
when the zygote undergoes mitosis
25 terms
Animal Diversity
Diploblastic
Triploblastic
Radial Symmetry
Bilateral Symmetry
An organism whose body is made of only two cell layers, the e…
Species with three germ layers: the ectoderm, endoderm, and m…
An organism possesses ___ symmetry if it can be cut into two…
Line symmetry; the quality of being divisible into halves tha…
Diploblastic
An organism whose body is made of only two cell layers, the e…
Triploblastic
Species with three germ layers: the ectoderm, endoderm, and m…
36 terms
Animal Diversity
Phylum Porifera... (sponges)
Phylum Cnidaria... (jellyfish)
Phylum Cnidaria... (hydra, coral, sea ane…
Phylum Platyhelminthes... (flatworms)
Phylum Porifera... (sponges)
Phylum Cnidaria... (jellyfish)
83 terms
Animal Diversity
Phylum: Porifera
Sponge
Ostia
Osculum
Ex. Sponges, Grantia... Lacks true tissues; asymmetric; Movement…
...
Inflow channel
Exit channel
Phylum: Porifera
Ex. Sponges, Grantia... Lacks true tissues; asymmetric; Movement…
Sponge
...
45 terms
Animal Diversity
Porifera (sponges)
Cnidaria (cnidarians)
hydrozoans
jellies/jellyfish
choanocytes: flagellated cells that pump water through sponge…
subgroups: hydrozoans/jellies... polyp form: sessile ... medusa for…
Ex: Hydra/Obelia/Portuguese Man-of-War
prominent medusa... four circular shaped gonads
Porifera (sponges)
choanocytes: flagellated cells that pump water through sponge…
Cnidaria (cnidarians)
subgroups: hydrozoans/jellies... polyp form: sessile ... medusa for…
43 terms
Animal Diversity
cleavage
blastula
gastrulation
gastrula
A succession of mitotic divisions without cell growth between…
Stage where embryo is a hollow ball of cells
When layers of embryonic tissue that will develop into body p…
Stage where one end of the embryo has folded inward, forming…
cleavage
A succession of mitotic divisions without cell growth between…
blastula
Stage where embryo is a hollow ball of cells
48 terms
Animal Diversity
What are factors in the diversity of i…
Hox genes
Insects
Arthropod appendages
Wings and flight (extension of cuticle), the radiation of flo…
plays a role in establishing the body plan; arthropods have 2…
More species rich than all other eukaryotic groups combined;…
Appendages became specialized for walking, sensing, reproduct…
What are factors in the diversity of i…
Wings and flight (extension of cuticle), the radiation of flo…
Hox genes
plays a role in establishing the body plan; arthropods have 2…
41 terms
Animal Diversity
What happened in the Edicaran Biota
When on the tree of life fif the edica…
What are the 3 main divisions of the b…
Give 4 features of organisms in the gr…
There were a variety of odd organisms that evolved just befor…
Around the metazoa/Eumetazoan eras on the tree of life (Befor…
Deuterostomia... Lophotrochozoa ... Ecdysozoa
1) They have a distinct left side and a right side ... 2) They h…
What happened in the Edicaran Biota
There were a variety of odd organisms that evolved just befor…
When on the tree of life fif the edica…
Around the metazoa/Eumetazoan eras on the tree of life (Befor…
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