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Study sets matching "animal learning and behaviour"

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Study sets matching "animal learning and behaviour"

21 terms
Animal Behaviour: Instinct & Learning
Why Do We Study Animal Behavior?
19th Century: Descartes
19th Century: Darwin
20th Century: Behaviourism
- Understanding evolutionary processes.... - Understanding ecolo…
Humans alone possessed souls & reasoning.... Animals as automata…
"Self preservation"... "Sexual love"... "Motherly love"... All traits…
No dividing line between men and animals in studying the beha…
Why Do We Study Animal Behavior?
- Understanding evolutionary processes.... - Understanding ecolo…
19th Century: Descartes
Humans alone possessed souls & reasoning.... Animals as automata…
17 terms
Animal Behaviour revision FdSc - learning theories
Seligman 1965
Thorndike's puzzle box 1898
Pavlov 1902
Kohler
Dog electric shock, learned helplessness - dog who had been c…
Cat escaping from puzzle box with lever to get fish - operant…
Dog salivation - Unconditioned stimuli (food) uncondition res…
Chimps & fruit. Insight learning (learning through experience)
Seligman 1965
Dog electric shock, learned helplessness - dog who had been c…
Thorndike's puzzle box 1898
Cat escaping from puzzle box with lever to get fish - operant…
20 terms
Animal Behaviour
Behaviour
Sensory Organs
Stimuli
Innate or Instinctive Behaviour
The way an organism responds to its surroundings.
Structures of the body (eyes, ears, nose, skin, mouth) respon…
Changes in an animals internal or external environment that c…
Behaviour that comes from a genetic level. These behaviours a…
Behaviour
The way an organism responds to its surroundings.
Sensory Organs
Structures of the body (eyes, ears, nose, skin, mouth) respon…
27 terms
Animal Behaviour
Animal Behaviour
Internally Coordinated
Externally Visible
Ethogram
Any internally coordinated, externally visible pattern of act…
Internal information-processing such as endocrine signaling,…
Refers to the patterns that we can observe and measure
A formal description or inventory of an animal's behaviours
Animal Behaviour
Any internally coordinated, externally visible pattern of act…
Internally Coordinated
Internal information-processing such as endocrine signaling,…
Learning and Behaviour
The Behaviour Repertoire
Behaviour repertoire varies...
Sources of Variability in the BR
Two types of Behaviours
The set of behaviours containing everything you do
Across species... between individuals of the same species (gende…
Biological/physiological factors... Developmental processes... Expe…
Operant and Respondent
The Behaviour Repertoire
The set of behaviours containing everything you do
Behaviour repertoire varies...
Across species... between individuals of the same species (gende…
11 terms
animal behaviour
attack
build
catch
chase
užpulti
statyti
sugauti
vytis, persekioti
attack
užpulti
build
statyti
13 terms
Animal behaviour
Innate behaviour
Reflex
Taxis
Kinesis
present at birth and is not taught or learned.
usually an escape response that takes the body or part of the…
refers to a directional response
increased movement in no specific direction.
Innate behaviour
present at birth and is not taught or learned.
Reflex
usually an escape response that takes the body or part of the…
34 terms
Learning & Behaviour
learning
Classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus(US)
Unconditioned response (UR)
the acquisition of new knowledge, skills, or responses from e…
a phenomenon that occurs when a neutral stimulus produces a r…
something that reliably produces a naturally occurring reacti…
a reflexive reaction that is reliably produced by an US (Ex:…
learning
the acquisition of new knowledge, skills, or responses from e…
Classical conditioning
a phenomenon that occurs when a neutral stimulus produces a r…
26 terms
Behaviour & Learning
Define behaviour
What are the origins of behaviour?
Causation
Development
*Action* expressed at whole animal level in response to *inte…
*genetics* - instinctual, innate, unlearned, works well if en…
What *controls* the behaviour... Food, hunger, decreased blood s…
How did behaviour *arise* within animals development? - genet…
Define behaviour
*Action* expressed at whole animal level in response to *inte…
What are the origins of behaviour?
*genetics* - instinctual, innate, unlearned, works well if en…
24 terms
Learning and behaviour
Behaviourism
Surprise reaction
Habituation
Acquisition extinction spontaneous rec…
What theory is this associated with
Orienting reflex is what
Diminished orienting reflex in response to repeated presentat…
Classical conditioning principles
Behaviourism
What theory is this associated with
Surprise reaction
Orienting reflex is what
29 terms
Learning and behaviour
Learning
Orienting reflex
Habituation
Aquisition
A long term change in the tendency to behave in a certain way…
Surprise reaction
Diminished orienting reflex in response to repeated presentat…
Initial learning of the CR caused by pairing the CS with US
Learning
A long term change in the tendency to behave in a certain way…
Orienting reflex
Surprise reaction
46 terms
Learning and behaviour
Pavlovian conditioning/ classical cond…
Condotional reflexes
Conditional stimulus (CS)
Conditional response (CR)
This behaviour consists of a respons to a reflex and the pair…
Products of experience. It consists of conditional stimulus a…
...
The behaviour the CS evokes/creates. Response after/result of…
Pavlovian conditioning/ classical cond…
This behaviour consists of a respons to a reflex and the pair…
Condotional reflexes
Products of experience. It consists of conditional stimulus a…
19 terms
Learning and Behaviour
behaviorism
Classical conditioning
operant conditioning
Unconditioned stimulus
j.b Watson ... emphasized observable behaviors ... environment form…
learning b/w things ... seeing a dog and being bitten by a dog -…
associate our responses to specific consequences ... smiling at…
a reflexive response without any previous learning ... food
behaviorism
j.b Watson ... emphasized observable behaviors ... environment form…
Classical conditioning
learning b/w things ... seeing a dog and being bitten by a dog -…
17 terms
Animal behaviour
to feed
chick
beaver
to dig
etet
fióka
hód
ás
to feed
etet
chick
fióka
34 terms
Animal Behaviour
Allomones
Batesian mimicry
Contact reception
Exocrine
Chemicals used for signaling between different species. Compa…
In this type of mimicry a harmless signaler imitates a danger…
Reception that requires the receiver to be in contact with th…
Exocrine glands have ducts to release substances outside of t…
Allomones
Chemicals used for signaling between different species. Compa…
Batesian mimicry
In this type of mimicry a harmless signaler imitates a danger…
18 terms
animal behaviour
camouflage
mimicry
animals parts
size change
it allow a animal to hide from its predator and that mean whe…
it allows the animal to warn when its predator is comes
it allows the animal to make direct attack like horns,claws,
it allows the animal to do direct attack like puffing up ,she…
camouflage
it allow a animal to hide from its predator and that mean whe…
mimicry
it allows the animal to warn when its predator is comes
33 terms
Learning and Behaviour
elicited behaviour
reflexes
habituation
sensitisation
involuntary behaviour drawn out by a certain stimulus
simple automatic response to a stimulus
decrease in strength of elicited behaviour over repeated pres…
increase in strength of elicited behaviour over repeated pres…
elicited behaviour
involuntary behaviour drawn out by a certain stimulus
reflexes
simple automatic response to a stimulus
39 terms
Learning and Behaviour
Behaviorism found by
Behaviourism
Conditioning
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov
JB Watson
emphasizes observable behaviours... environment forms and modif…
Learning associations between things
dog saliva with bell
Behaviorism found by
JB Watson
Behaviourism
emphasizes observable behaviours... environment forms and modif…
39 terms
Animal Behaviour
Behaviour
Fixed Action Pattern (FAP)
Sign Stimulus
Migration
A response to a stimulus
A sequence of unlearned acts directly linked to a simple stim…
The trigger of a behaviour in a Fixed Action Pattern
A regular, long-distance change in location
Behaviour
A response to a stimulus
Fixed Action Pattern (FAP)
A sequence of unlearned acts directly linked to a simple stim…
13 terms
Animal Behaviour
power hungry
to reconcile
to damage smth
to convey emotions
to want to get smth (power)
to make up with smb
to harm smth
to express emotions
power hungry
to want to get smth (power)
to reconcile
to make up with smb
13 terms
Learning and Behaviour
Introspection
Dualism
Involuntary
Voluntary
Reporting your own conscious thoughts
Study of mind & mechanisms of reflexive behaviour
Reflexes to external stimuli
The mind controls everything
Introspection
Reporting your own conscious thoughts
Dualism
Study of mind & mechanisms of reflexive behaviour
22 terms
Learning & Behaviour
Reflexes
Fixes action patterns
Learning
Associate learning
Inevitable, involuntary responses to stimuli. They are produc…
"Instincts"... species specifies - inborn patterns of behaviour…
Permanent change in behaviour that occur due to experience, o…
Classical and operant conditioning, which occurs when an indi…
Reflexes
Inevitable, involuntary responses to stimuli. They are produc…
Fixes action patterns
"Instincts"... species specifies - inborn patterns of behaviour…
66 terms
Animal Behaviour - Reproductive Behaviour
species of male birds which have elabo…
what is a bower?
what is the predicted adaptive signifi…
explain the mate quality advertisement…
bird of paradise ... sage grouse... quetzal
an elaborate display structure that males construct and use t…
(male quality advertisement hypothesis)... bower building convey…
good bower builders are healthier birds ... the bower quality re…
species of male birds which have elabo…
bird of paradise ... sage grouse... quetzal
what is a bower?
an elaborate display structure that males construct and use t…
14 terms
Animal Behaviour - Human Behaviour
adopted children and foster parents ha…
what suggests that there is a strong g…
what trait shows about 50/50 heritabil…
foxp2 gene
low
parents and children show high correlations in their verbal a…
spatial ability
regulatory gene that lays down foundation for language learning
adopted children and foster parents ha…
low
what suggests that there is a strong g…
parents and children show high correlations in their verbal a…
26 terms
Animal Behaviour
Innate behaviour
Reflexes
Learned behaviour
Habituation
- Generally genetically determined and 'hard-wired' into an o…
- Fast, automatic response e.g. earthworms have escape respon…
- This is where the environment is seen to be involved as the…
- Animals ignore certain stimuli as repeated exposure of them…
Innate behaviour
- Generally genetically determined and 'hard-wired' into an o…
Reflexes
- Fast, automatic response e.g. earthworms have escape respon…
30 terms
Animal Behaviour
Canine Predation Sequence
Wolf Pack Social Structure
Feral Dog Pack Social Structure
Feral Cat Social Structure
Eye > Stalk > Grab > Kill > Dissect > Consume
- closely related (breeding pair + offspring)... - cooperatively…
- loose group associations (2-3)... - no definite leadership... - r…
- form colonies (mainly females + offspring)... - unneutered mal…
Canine Predation Sequence
Eye > Stalk > Grab > Kill > Dissect > Consume
Wolf Pack Social Structure
- closely related (breeding pair + offspring)... - cooperatively…
24 terms
Animal behaviour
blackbird
chick
beaver
dam
kos
pisklę
bóbr
tama
blackbird
kos
chick
pisklę
18 terms
Animal Behaviour
Innate behaviour
Features of innate behaviour
Kinesis
Taxes
Any behaviour that ovcurs naturall eithout the need for learn…
Kinesis. Cannot be learnt. Not an intelligent response. Inclu…
Non directional orientation behaviour due to the intensity of…
Directional orientation behaviour in response to stimulation…
Innate behaviour
Any behaviour that ovcurs naturall eithout the need for learn…
Features of innate behaviour
Kinesis. Cannot be learnt. Not an intelligent response. Inclu…
53 terms
Animal Behaviour - Development of Behaviour
heritability goes down as ______ gets…
by lessening the variability of the en…
why do honey bees go through distinct…
when old bees are added to colonies
environment
increased
presence of old bees causes young bees to stay home and nurse…
almost no young bees become foragers - stay home and nurse li…
heritability goes down as ______ gets…
environment
by lessening the variability of the en…
increased
38 terms
Animal behaviour social behaviour
Epimeletic behaviours
Et-epimeletic behaviours
Agonistic
Allelomimetic
Care-giving, altruistic behaviours
care-soliciting behaviours (animal is asking for care)
Agression-submission/social behaviour related to fighting
Doing something that others are doing (ex. schools of fish, g…
Epimeletic behaviours
Care-giving, altruistic behaviours
Et-epimeletic behaviours
care-soliciting behaviours (animal is asking for care)
23 terms
Animal Behaviour
What is Behaviour
What is Innate Behaviour?
Characteristics of Innate Behaviour
Exampels of Innate Behaviour
Response to a stimulus
Is an instinctive response that is developmentally fixed
- Genetic... - Not determined by environment... - Affected by natur…
- Suckling... - Fixed Action Patterns... - Taxis ... - Kinesis
What is Behaviour
Response to a stimulus
What is Innate Behaviour?
Is an instinctive response that is developmentally fixed
16 terms
animal behaviour
behavior
stimulus
response
innate behavior
an action that an individual carries out in a response to a s…
any action that causes an activity in an organism.
behavior resulting from a stimulus.
an inherited behavior that does not depend on the environment
behavior
an action that an individual carries out in a response to a s…
stimulus
any action that causes an activity in an organism.
86 terms
Animal Behaviour
Why is learning about animal behaviour…
Animal Behaviour in Veterinary Practic…
Safety
Income
To help prevent injuries... tohelp owners to understand... to preve…
Safety... Income... Time... Satisfaction (client and staff)... Welfare
Public and client safety... Staff safety... Pet safety
Increased number of client/patient visits... Increased complianc…
Why is learning about animal behaviour…
To help prevent injuries... tohelp owners to understand... to preve…
Animal Behaviour in Veterinary Practic…
Safety... Income... Time... Satisfaction (client and staff)... Welfare
18 terms
Learning and Behaviourism
Associative Learning
Discrimination
Biological Predispositions
Little Albert
Learning that two events occur together (ex classical conditi…
The learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stim…
The understanding than an animal's capacity for conditioning…
The young child who was conditioned to fear rats after a rate…
Associative Learning
Learning that two events occur together (ex classical conditi…
Discrimination
The learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stim…
13 terms
Animal behaviour
Alturism
Behaviour
Cognition
Ethology
Reduces and individual's fitness but increase the fitness of…
The nervous system's response to a stimulus, carried out by t…
Process of knowing that involves awareness, reasoning, recoll…
Scientific study of animal behaviour
Alturism
Reduces and individual's fitness but increase the fitness of…
Behaviour
The nervous system's response to a stimulus, carried out by t…
34 terms
Animal Behaviour
behaviour
animal behaviour
behavioural ecology
ethograms
observable responses of organisms to external or internal sti…
everything an animal does and why and how it does it
how adaptive behaviours can contribute to the differential su…
define behaviour, give objective descriptions
behaviour
observable responses of organisms to external or internal sti…
animal behaviour
everything an animal does and why and how it does it
22 terms
Animal Behaviour
Adaptation
Innate Behaviour
Learned Behaviour
Types of Innate Behaviour
Characteristic of an organism which increases its likelihood…
same for all members of a species and behaviour is geneticall…
develop or change as a result of experience
Rhythmic, Communication, Social Interactions
Adaptation
Characteristic of an organism which increases its likelihood…
Innate Behaviour
same for all members of a species and behaviour is geneticall…
78 terms
Animal Behaviour
CLASSICAL learning/conditioning.
US
CS
CR
Involuntary behaviour (automatic response).
Unconditioned stimulus e.g. food
Conditioned stimulus e.g. bell
Conditioned response/reflex e.g. salivation
CLASSICAL learning/conditioning.
Involuntary behaviour (automatic response).
US
Unconditioned stimulus e.g. food
17 terms
Animal Behaviour
Agonistic Behaviour
Altruism
Classical Conditioning
Dominance Hierarchy
is any social behaviour related to fighting.
refers to behaviour by an individual that increases the fitne…
a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedl…
arises when members of a social group interact, often aggress…
Agonistic Behaviour
is any social behaviour related to fighting.
Altruism
refers to behaviour by an individual that increases the fitne…
27 terms
Animal behaviour
Proximate explanations
Mechanism (causation), Ontogeny (devel…
Mechanism
Ontogeny
how/what, relate to the the immediate causation of behavior
2 types of Proximate explanations
causation, How does this behavior occur in an individual? (ex…
development, How does this behavior arise in an individual? (…
Proximate explanations
how/what, relate to the the immediate causation of behavior
Mechanism (causation), Ontogeny (devel…
2 types of Proximate explanations
21 terms
Animal Behaviour
What is infrasonic sound?
What isn't classed as a type of recept…
What are the types of receptors?
What are innate behaviours?
This is an auditory signal. The vibrations that the sound mak…
Signorecpetors
Photoreceptors, Chemoreceptors and Mechanoreceptor
This behaviour is performed the same way each time. It is ful…
What is infrasonic sound?
This is an auditory signal. The vibrations that the sound mak…
What isn't classed as a type of recept…
Signorecpetors
15 terms
Animal Behaviour
Corticotropin Releasing Factor
Adrenal Corticotropic Hormone
Fight or Flight
Habituation
CRF
ACTH
Perception of a threat to a mammal causing a number of physio…
Ignoring repeated exposure to a non harmful stimulus
Corticotropin Releasing Factor
CRF
Adrenal Corticotropic Hormone
ACTH
Animal behaviour
Positive
Negative
Reinforcement
Punishment
Adding stimulus
Removing stimulus
Strengthen a behaviour
Suppress a behaviour
Positive
Adding stimulus
Negative
Removing stimulus
50 terms
Animal Behaviour
elaborate
fascinate
inquiring
weave
alapos, gondosan kidolgozott
elbűvöl... lenyűgöz
kíváncsi, érdeklődő
sző, fon, kieszel
elaborate
alapos, gondosan kidolgozott
fascinate
elbűvöl... lenyűgöz
31 terms
Animal Behaviour
Simple reflex
Complex reflexes
Habituation
Pseudoconditioning
Automatic responses to simple stimuli. Controlled by the spin…
Involves higher level processing in the brainstem. Integrates…
Repeated stimulation results in decreased responsiveness to t…
Act of trying to condition a response to a "neutral" stimulus…
Simple reflex
Automatic responses to simple stimuli. Controlled by the spin…
Complex reflexes
Involves higher level processing in the brainstem. Integrates…
41 terms
Animal Behaviour
High relative Fitness
Meaning of Life
Selfish/Immortal Gene
Sexual Selection & Conflict ... (Male)
Individuals who produce most offspring that also survive to s…
Have lots of babies
DNA seeks to replicate itself... Organisms just mechanism for it…
P.O.V.:... low investment: sperm are cheap... Don't watch yo kids... I…
High relative Fitness
Individuals who produce most offspring that also survive to s…
Meaning of Life
Have lots of babies
135 terms
Animal behaviour
Direct Fitness
Inclusive fitness
Kin (indirect) selection
Indirect fitness (Kin selection)
The genes contributed to an individual via personal reproduct…
The sum of an individuals direct and indirect inclusive fitne…
The process that occurs when hereditarily distinct individual…
The genes contributed to an individual indirectly by helping…
Direct Fitness
The genes contributed to an individual via personal reproduct…
Inclusive fitness
The sum of an individuals direct and indirect inclusive fitne…
14 terms
Animal Behaviour
What are the potential costs of living…
What is an individuals position within…
What may the disadvantages of a low ra…
What are the advantages of assessment…
increased conspicuousness, parasites and disease, competition…
Dominance rank
less resources, aggretion
-less aggression/ fighting
What are the potential costs of living…
increased conspicuousness, parasites and disease, competition…
What is an individuals position within…
Dominance rank
29 terms
Animal behaviour
Must be learned from another animal
You could conclude that a that a behav…
Certain behaviours are innate in anima…
If a dog that barks when indoors is al…
Potato washing in macaques
All individuals perform the behavior the same each time
Survivor immediately after birth
Operant conditioning
Must be learned from another animal
Potato washing in macaques
You could conclude that a that a behav…
All individuals perform the behavior the same each time
44 terms
Animal Behaviour
Behaviour (def)
Behavioural Ecology (def)
Proximate (def)
Ultimate (def)
An observable response to an external (reflex) or internal st…
The study of how behaviours (inherited or learned) can contri…
HOW does the behaviour happen? What are the mechanisms that m…
WHY does the behaviour happen? How does it help the animal? W…
Behaviour (def)
An observable response to an external (reflex) or internal st…
Behavioural Ecology (def)
The study of how behaviours (inherited or learned) can contri…
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