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Study sets matching "anth100 anthropology"

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Study sets matching "anth100 anthropology"

26 terms
ANTH 100 Anthropology
Culture
Cultural Anthropology
Four-Field Approach
Holistic Approach
A society's shared and socially transmitted ideas, values, em…
The study of patterns in human behavior, thought, and emotion…
Archaeology, Linguistics, Physical Anthropology and Cultural…
...
Culture
A society's shared and socially transmitted ideas, values, em…
Cultural Anthropology
The study of patterns in human behavior, thought, and emotion…
13 terms
ANTH100 - Cultural Anthropology
Ethnography
E. B. Tylor
Sir Henry Sumner Maine
Ethnology
1. The study of an ethnic group ... 2. Process of doing the desc…
-"Armchair anthropologist" - no personal field work... -culture…
British - 1861 - "Ancient Law" - social order (cross-cultural…
Making theories and noticing patterns cross culturally AND wi…
Ethnography
1. The study of an ethnic group ... 2. Process of doing the desc…
E. B. Tylor
-"Armchair anthropologist" - no personal field work... -culture…
28 terms
Anth 100 Anthropology-Ethnic Group
Anthropology
Culture bound
Applied Anthropology
Physical Anthropology
The study of humans.
Describing theories about the world and reality based on the…
Using Anthropological knowledge to solve problems.
Systematic study of humans as Bio organisms.
Anthropology
The study of humans.
Culture bound
Describing theories about the world and reality based on the…
113 terms
Anthropology Mid-term ANTH 100
Extinction of dinosaurs
brachiation or brachiate
climate change
bipedalism
65 million ybp
ability to hang by the arms from a tree branch
6 million ybp
5-6 million ybp
Extinction of dinosaurs
65 million ybp
brachiation or brachiate
ability to hang by the arms from a tree branch
31 terms
ANTH 100 Cultural Anthropology Exam 1
Empirical Data
Characteristics of General Anthropology
Theory Development
Small Units of Analysis
Information that is identifiable through the senses
Holistic, Based on Empirical Data, Uses Field Work Research M…
-Develop theory to explain human behavior cross-culturally... -D…
Ex: Neighborhood, Island, Village, Town, etc.
Empirical Data
Information that is identifiable through the senses
Characteristics of General Anthropology
Holistic, Based on Empirical Data, Uses Field Work Research M…
44 terms
Anth 100 Uvic Through the Lens of Anthropology Chapter 1 (spring 2016)
Agriculture
Anthropological perspective
Applied anthropology
Archaeological site
a farming technique that can support a large population, usin…
evolutionary, holistic, and comparative methods applied to th…
a field of anthropology in which the researcher uses knowledg…
any location where there is physical evidence of past human a…
Agriculture
a farming technique that can support a large population, usin…
Anthropological perspective
evolutionary, holistic, and comparative methods applied to th…
27 terms
Anth 100 Uvic Through the Lens of Anthropology Chapter 2
Adaptive radiation
Anthropocene
Brachiate
Brachiation
a process by which one species occupies a new ecological nich…
a proposed geological period to describe the years in which h…
swing from arm to arm
a form of locomotion primarily by arm-over-arm swinging
Adaptive radiation
a process by which one species occupies a new ecological nich…
Anthropocene
a proposed geological period to describe the years in which h…
25 terms
Anth 100 Uvic through the lens of anthropology chapter 3
Adaptive radiation
Allele
Allele frequency
DNA
A process by which one species occupies a new ecological nich…
An alternate form of a gene
The relative proportion of a particular allele occurring, com…
Deoxyribonucleic acid; a molecule that contains the genetic i…
Adaptive radiation
A process by which one species occupies a new ecological nich…
Allele
An alternate form of a gene
33 terms
Anth 100 Uvic through the lens of anthropology chapter 8
Biological adaptation
Community
Cultural adaptation
Cultural identity
A physical adaptation that alloes an organism to survive bett…
People who share a physical location; people who live, work,…
A belief or behaviour that allows an organism with culture (e…
A term used to describe the aspects of our social lives that…
Biological adaptation
A physical adaptation that alloes an organism to survive bett…
Community
People who share a physical location; people who live, work,…
11 terms
Anth 100 Uvic through the lens of anthropology chapter 4
Dental arcade
Diastema
Foramen magnum
Fossil
The shape of tooth rows, such as parabolic (wider at back tha…
A space between teeth
The hole at the base of the skull, through which the spinal c…
In anthropology, a term used to describe any preserved early…
Dental arcade
The shape of tooth rows, such as parabolic (wider at back tha…
Diastema
A space between teeth
42 terms
Cultural Anthropology Exam 2 Key Concepts (ANTH 100 W. Breece)
Economic system
Mode of Production
Reciprocity
Generalized reciprocity
system of production, disbriubtion, and consumption of resour…
a way of organizing production (division of labor)
an exchange process bewteen social equals, normally related b…
exchange process between closely related individuals (value/d…
Economic system
system of production, disbriubtion, and consumption of resour…
Mode of Production
a way of organizing production (division of labor)
21 terms
ANTH 203 - Doing Anthropology
TF We are all modern homo-sapiens
19th Century ideas?
Age of the earth? and who thought this?
Herbert Spencer?
TRUE! Our Human Ancesetors disapperaed 10s of THOUSANDS of ye…
-Charles Darwin, Evolution... -Eugeneics... -Unilineal Evolutionism…
4.6 billion years. Charles Lyell.
-19th Cent.... -appleid Darwin's theory of evolution to humans i…
TF We are all modern homo-sapiens
TRUE! Our Human Ancesetors disapperaed 10s of THOUSANDS of ye…
19th Century ideas?
-Charles Darwin, Evolution... -Eugeneics... -Unilineal Evolutionism…
72 terms
Anth 304 Biological Anthropology
What is Cultural Anthropology
What is Linguistic Anthropology
What is Archaeology
What is Physical/Biological Anthropology
the comparative study of human culture and the diverse religi…
the origins and spread of language and its relationship to cu…
excavations, artifacts, and history help to reconstruct and i…
the study of human skeletal remains, our ancestors and other…
What is Cultural Anthropology
the comparative study of human culture and the diverse religi…
What is Linguistic Anthropology
the origins and spread of language and its relationship to cu…
10 terms
Anth 303 Cultural Anthropology
What is bureaucratic authority?... To wh…
What is patriarchal authority?... How is…
What is charismatic power?
Why is charismatic authority?
Modern government => "rational" as compared to patriarchal au…
Historically, the most common type of authority, with roots i…
Leaders justify their power by virtue of their divine mission…
Whereas the previous two powers are stable, charisma is highl…
What is bureaucratic authority?... To wh…
Modern government => "rational" as compared to patriarchal au…
What is patriarchal authority?... How is…
Historically, the most common type of authority, with roots i…
19 terms
ANTH 1020 Introduction to Physical Anthropology
Empirical
Evolution
Science
Primates
Relying on experiment or observation; from the Latin empiricu…
A change in the genetic structure of a population. The term i…
A body of knowledge gained through observation and experiment…
Members of the mammalian order Primates (pronounced "pry-may´…
Empirical
Relying on experiment or observation; from the Latin empiricu…
Evolution
A change in the genetic structure of a population. The term i…
6 terms
Anth 303 Cultural Anthropology
What are the key principles of researc…
What are two orders of reality that co…
What is the problem of the avunculate,…
What are the possible systems of relat…
Shift from study of conscious to unconscious infrastructure.…
1. There is a system of terminology through which family rela…
There is an inverse relation between the boy's attitude towar…
He argues that we need to examine it as occurring in a kinshi…
What are the key principles of researc…
Shift from study of conscious to unconscious infrastructure.…
What are two orders of reality that co…
1. There is a system of terminology through which family rela…
68 terms
ANTH 100
culture
culture is...
cultural determinism
ethnocentrism
gives us our sense of identity, draws us together & helps us…
- symbolic: often linguistic (words to objects, symbols to le…
the belief that the culture in which we are raised determines…
the opinion that one's way of life is natural or correct and…
culture
gives us our sense of identity, draws us together & helps us…
culture is...
- symbolic: often linguistic (words to objects, symbols to le…
40 terms
Anth 100
Ethnography
Fieldwork
Field
Anthropology
A description, An analysis. A detailed study of the life and…
The study of geographic phenomena by visiting places and obse…
can vary from location to location, where you are involved in…
It is the study of all aspects of human kind, biological, cul…
Ethnography
A description, An analysis. A detailed study of the life and…
Fieldwork
The study of geographic phenomena by visiting places and obse…
99 terms
ANTH* 1150: Intro to Anthropology
Azande Tribe
Divination
Ritual Magic
Christians and Sorcery
Cultural group of people located in Sudan and Congo
The practice of seeking knowledge of the future or the unknow…
A broad term used to encompass a wide variety of long, elabor…
These 2 belief systems are not compatible
Azande Tribe
Cultural group of people located in Sudan and Congo
Divination
The practice of seeking knowledge of the future or the unknow…
43 terms
Anth 2-Anthropology
Anthropology is traditionally divided…
Linguistics is:... a. The study of how to…
Cultural Anthropology is:... a. The study…
Biological Anthropology is:... a. The stu…
a
b
d
e
Anthropology is traditionally divided…
a
Linguistics is:... a. The study of how to…
b
Anth 100
Dualism
Binary Opposition
Edward Tyler
Person
the philosophical view that reality consits of 2 equal and ir…
a pair of opposites used as an organizing principle Ex. mind/…
Dcotorine of the soul
material (physical) body inhabited by an ethereal mind or spi…
Dualism
the philosophical view that reality consits of 2 equal and ir…
Binary Opposition
a pair of opposites used as an organizing principle Ex. mind/…
252 terms
ANTH 100
Ascribed statuses
Achieved statuses
Marriage
Affinal relationships
Social positions people are assigned at birth.
Social position people may attain later in life, often as the…
- An institution that transforms the status of the participan…
Kinship connections through marriage, or affinity.
Ascribed statuses
Social positions people are assigned at birth.
Achieved statuses
Social position people may attain later in life, often as the…
22 terms
ANTH What is Anthropology?
Margaret Mead
Louis and Mary Leakey
Jane Goodall
What fundamental questions does anthro…
-Cultural anthropologist ... -Observed rite of passage ceremony…
-Paleoanthropologists ... -Discovered revolutionary skeletal rem…
Related chimp studies to humans
-Who are we? ... -Where have we come from? ... -Why do we look like…
Margaret Mead
-Cultural anthropologist ... -Observed rite of passage ceremony…
Louis and Mary Leakey
-Paleoanthropologists ... -Discovered revolutionary skeletal rem…
25 terms
ANTH Forensic Anthropology
Forensic Archaeology
Anthropological Archeology
Archaeology
What questions does archeology seek to…
A forensic science that applies archaeological principles, te…
-Systematic study of the material remains of the cultural beh…
-Context of death, mortuary practices ... -Frames a series of qu…
Events leading to death, cause and manner of death, ante and…
Forensic Archaeology
A forensic science that applies archaeological principles, te…
Anthropological Archeology
-Systematic study of the material remains of the cultural beh…
47 terms
ANTH | Psychological Anthropology
Transnational Culture
Contemporary Social Theory
Intrapersonal vs. Extrapersonal
Person-Centered Ethnography
Where you live isn't the ONLY determining factor in how you t…
Studies of personal meanings is better than interpretations o…
Different, linked domains. ... "An adequate account of meaning.…
Direct engagement with others to explore states of mind. ... No…
Transnational Culture
Where you live isn't the ONLY determining factor in how you t…
Contemporary Social Theory
Studies of personal meanings is better than interpretations o…
10 terms
Types of anthropology - ANTH 225
cultural anthropology
linguistic
archeology
biological anthropology
study of human cultures & adaptations
study of origin of language and speech
study of remains recovered from past cultures; info comes fro…
study of human biology within evolutionary DNA, fossils, focu…
cultural anthropology
study of human cultures & adaptations
linguistic
study of origin of language and speech
9 terms
Anth: Anthropology of Religion
the 4 "major points" associated with t…
• Animism
• Magic (imitative/ contagious magic)
o Contagious
➢ Explain the world: answers questions about how and why the…
belief in souls or doubles
use of supernatural techniques to accomplish specific aims ... o…
whatever is done to an object is believed to affect a person…
the 4 "major points" associated with t…
➢ Explain the world: answers questions about how and why the…
• Animism
belief in souls or doubles
272 terms
ANTH 100
polygamy
polygyny
polyandry
Serial monogamy
plural marriage
form of plural marriage where one man has multiple wives
A form of plural marriage where one woman has multiple husbands
a marriage between two partners one at a time
polygamy
plural marriage
polygyny
form of plural marriage where one man has multiple wives
40 terms
Anth 100
Ethnography
Fieldwork
Field
Anthropology
A description, An analysis. A detailed study of the life and…
The study of geographic phenomena by visiting places and obse…
can vary from location to location, where you are involved in…
It is the study of all aspects of human kind, biological, cul…
Ethnography
A description, An analysis. A detailed study of the life and…
Fieldwork
The study of geographic phenomena by visiting places and obse…
26 terms
ANTH1010: Introduction to Anthropology
Anthropology
Subfields of Anthropology (4)
Cultural Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology
Study of humankind in a cross cultural contest and holistic m…
Linguistic, Biological/Physical, Cultural, Archeological
Ethnology/ Ethnography
Study of human society especially in cross-cultural context
Anthropology
Study of humankind in a cross cultural contest and holistic m…
Subfields of Anthropology (4)
Linguistic, Biological/Physical, Cultural, Archeological
121 terms
Anth 100
Anthropology
Culture
Humans
Holism
The study of humans
The learned and shared things that people think, do, and have
Homo sapiens or a larger group of hominins
being human
Anthropology
The study of humans
Culture
The learned and shared things that people think, do, and have
20 terms
ANTH 100
biological anthropology
human paleontology
human variation
cultural anthropology 3 main branches
The study of humans as biological organisms, dealing with the…
The study of the emergence of humans and their later physical…
The study of how and why contemporary human populations vary…
archaeology, linguistics and ethnology
biological anthropology
The study of humans as biological organisms, dealing with the…
human paleontology
The study of the emergence of humans and their later physical…
43 terms
anth 100
anthropology
4 subfields of academic anthropology
archaeological anthroplogy
biological/physical
the study of human diversity and variation, cultural and biol…
social-cultural, archeological, biological, linguistic
digging, the study of ancient societies and cultures primaril…
human evolution since fossils, primatology, human growth, dev…
anthropology
the study of human diversity and variation, cultural and biol…
4 subfields of academic anthropology
social-cultural, archeological, biological, linguistic
23 terms
ANTH 100
Value
Economic Anthropology
Economic System
Neoclassical Economics
the relative worth of an object that makes it desirable
the sub discipline concerned with how people make, share, and…
the structured pattern and relationships thought people excha…
economic theories and approaches that study how people make d…
Value
the relative worth of an object that makes it desirable
Economic Anthropology
the sub discipline concerned with how people make, share, and…
19 terms
Anth 1063 Linguistic Anthropology
Language
Call systems
6 human calls
Phonemes
A system of arbitrary symbols used in the transfer of informa…
Articulations or vocalizations that convey a certain emotion…
Laughing... Sobbing... Screaming... Crying... Groaning... Sighing
A distinct unit of sound... Different speakers of the same langu…
Language
A system of arbitrary symbols used in the transfer of informa…
Call systems
Articulations or vocalizations that convey a certain emotion…
40 terms
ANTH 100
Describe the holistic perspective with…
Cultural relativism:
Emic Perspective:
Etic Perspective:
They have training in all the sub disciplines
Must accept different cultures and not judge based on how we…
Know what's happening from the anthropologists perspective
Believe. Think whats happeing from the other cultures perspec…
Describe the holistic perspective with…
They have training in all the sub disciplines
Cultural relativism:
Must accept different cultures and not judge based on how we…
78 terms
Anth 100
Anthropology
Aspects of Anthropological perspective
Concept of Culture
Holistic Anthropology
Study of human nature, human society, and human past
Holistic... Comparative... Field-Based... Evolutionary
Exclusive to humans... Set of learned behaviors acquired as memb…
Integrates all forms of Anthro
Anthropology
Study of human nature, human society, and human past
Aspects of Anthropological perspective
Holistic... Comparative... Field-Based... Evolutionary
38 terms
Anth 100
Anthropology
Holism
Comparativism
Culture
study of humanity, social science, and natural sciences
emphasizing the whole
comparing humans in biology and culture
shared and negotiated system of meaning informed by knowledge…
Anthropology
study of humanity, social science, and natural sciences
Holism
emphasizing the whole
46 terms
ANTH 100
Anthropology
holistic
biological anthropology
cultural anthropology
a discipline of infinite curiosity about human beings
multi-faceted
physical anthropology - studies human paleontology/paleoanthr…
three major subfields - archaeology, linguistics, and ethnolo…
Anthropology
a discipline of infinite curiosity about human beings
holistic
multi-faceted
92 terms
Anth 100
marriage
kwakiuti of B.C.
monogamy
polygamy
soically approved union of people... social relations found in e…
groom goes to bride and symbolically captures the wife and br…
only one mate
having more than one mate (polygyny and polyandry)
marriage
soically approved union of people... social relations found in e…
kwakiuti of B.C.
groom goes to bride and symbolically captures the wife and br…
8 terms
Anth 1063 Cultural Anthropology
Culture
Socialization
Enculturation
Habitus
Learned way of life... Originally conceived as a way to describe…
The process of learning to live as a member of a group... Learni…
The process by which humans culturally appropriate ways of th…
Term coined by Pierre Bourdieu... The structure of the culture i…
Culture
Learned way of life... Originally conceived as a way to describe…
Socialization
The process of learning to live as a member of a group... Learni…
39 terms
Anth 100
colonialism
cultural relativism
holistic
subsistence
the domination and subjugation of indigenous peoples by europ…
the idea that all cultures are equally valid, and that every…
describes the viewpoint that all viewpoints on biology and/or…
basic food needs for survival
colonialism
the domination and subjugation of indigenous peoples by europ…
cultural relativism
the idea that all cultures are equally valid, and that every…
10 terms
ANTH1008 - Political Anthropology
What are the 3 types of power? (IOS)
What role does coercion play in a non-…
How is Azande witchcraft a legitimate…
How did The Manchester School asses po…
Individual... Organisational ... Structural
It is a common form of power
People are organised through belief
Analysed the process of conflict and conflict resolution
What are the 3 types of power? (IOS)
Individual... Organisational ... Structural
What role does coercion play in a non-…
It is a common form of power
12 terms
Anth 1063 Medical Anthropology
Health
Biocultural
Illness
Suffering
A state of physical, mental, and emotional wellbeing together…
The biological and cultural aspects of human health... How biolo…
A suffering person's understanding of their own distress
Physical, mental, and emotional distress which can extend bey…
Health
A state of physical, mental, and emotional wellbeing together…
Biocultural
The biological and cultural aspects of human health... How biolo…
28 terms
Anth. 100
Bergmann's Rule
Allen's Rule
Acclimatization
Archaic Period
The rule that smaller-sized subpopulations of a species inhab…
The rule that protruding body parts (particularly arms and le…
Impermanent physiological changes that people make when they…
600-480 BCE Time period in the New world during which food pr…
Bergmann's Rule
The rule that smaller-sized subpopulations of a species inhab…
Allen's Rule
The rule that protruding body parts (particularly arms and le…
12 terms
Anth 1063 Political Anthropology
Power
Ideology
Hegemony
Coercion
A transformative capacity
A worldview that justifies social relationships... Rulers succes…
Antonio Gramsci... The persuasion of subordinates to accept the…
Power is physical force... Held through military, prisons, threa…
Power
A transformative capacity
Ideology
A worldview that justifies social relationships... Rulers succes…
32 terms
anth 100
Archaeology
Linguistics
Physical Anthropology
Cultural anthropology.
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
study of language
The systematic study of humans as biological organisms; also…
The study of human society and culture; describes, analyzes,…
Archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
Linguistics
study of language
45 terms
ANTH100
4 subfields of Anthropology
Culture
Nature
Kula
Social-Cultural, Biological, Archaeological, Linguistic
socially transmitted, not biologically inherited
biological base of human culture
Trobriand society form of payment. One man gives another a ku…
4 subfields of Anthropology
Social-Cultural, Biological, Archaeological, Linguistic
Culture
socially transmitted, not biologically inherited
74 terms
ANTH 204-Cultural Anthropology Final
A society in which older people are tr…
A society composed of several groups t…
Which of the following is a special fo…
The ability of individuals or groups t…
Oral tradition
stratified.
Caste
power
A society in which older people are tr…
Oral tradition
A society composed of several groups t…
stratified.
48 terms
ANTH 101 - Political Anthropology
egalitarian, rank, stratified
egalitarian
egalitarian
rank
3 patterns of social differentiation
(SD) no individual or group has more privileged access to res…
(SD) age/gender differences serve as a basis for social respe…
(SD) institutionalized differences in prestige but no importa…
egalitarian, rank, stratified
3 patterns of social differentiation
egalitarian
(SD) no individual or group has more privileged access to res…
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