Study sets matching "anth100"

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Study sets matching "anth100"

27 terms
ANTHROPOLOGY 100 - Archaeology
Hard Hammer
Soft Hammer
Pressure-flaking
Bulb
A technique of stone tool manufacture where one stone is used…
A technique of stone tool manufacture in which a bone or wood…
Using a sharper hammer stone and pressing on the core to make…
Point of contact
Hard Hammer
A technique of stone tool manufacture where one stone is used…
Soft Hammer
A technique of stone tool manufacture in which a bone or wood…
112 terms
Anthropology 100
The 4 fields of Anthropology
The 4 C's of Anthropology
Complex
Cross-Discipline
...
Complex, Cross-discipline, Comparison, and conservation
...
Drake has a little hip hop/r&b
The 4 fields of Anthropology
...
The 4 C's of Anthropology
Complex, Cross-discipline, Comparison, and conservation
338 terms
Anthropology 100-Biological
evolution
anthropology
scientific mehtod
biocultural evolution
a change in the genetic structure of a population from one ge…
the field of inquiry that studies human culture and evolution…
an approach to research whereby a problem is identified, a hy…
the mutual interactive evolution of human biology and culture…
evolution
a change in the genetic structure of a population from one ge…
anthropology
the field of inquiry that studies human culture and evolution…
125 terms
Anthropology 100
culture
explicit culture
tacit culture
ethnography
the knowledge that is learned, shared, and used by people to…
the culture that people can talk about and of which they are…
the shared knowledge of which people usually are unaware
the task of discovering and describing a particular culture
culture
the knowledge that is learned, shared, and used by people to…
explicit culture
the culture that people can talk about and of which they are…
144 terms
Anthropology 100
culture
explicit culture
tacit culture
ethnography
learned and shared knowledge that people use to generate beha…
cultural knowledge that people can talk about, exclusively ta…
cultural knowledge people lack words for, learned through obs…
written form of field work/science of studying a living cultu…
culture
learned and shared knowledge that people use to generate beha…
explicit culture
cultural knowledge that people can talk about, exclusively ta…
67 terms
Anthropology 100
culture
ethnography
fieldwork
participant
A total way of life held in common by a group of people, incl…
field work in a particular culture
An extended period of close involvement with the people in wh…
A research method in which investigators systematically obser…
culture
A total way of life held in common by a group of people, incl…
ethnography
field work in a particular culture
41 terms
Anthropology 100
social organization
hypothesis
functionalism (lecture)
functionalism (Bates and Franklin)
ways in which a society subdivides itself into smaller groups
statement that stipulates a relationship between a phenomenon…
Attempt to understand cultural practices in terms of how they…
Theory that all elements of a culture are functional in that…
social organization
ways in which a society subdivides itself into smaller groups
hypothesis
statement that stipulates a relationship between a phenomenon…
Anthropology 100
Archaeology
Artifact
Biological Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology
The study of humans through the remains of the human past and…
Any portable object showing evidence of being made or used by…
The branch of anthropology focusing on human biology, includi…
The branch of anthropology focusing on contemporary cultures.
Archaeology
The study of humans through the remains of the human past and…
Artifact
Any portable object showing evidence of being made or used by…
Anthropology 100
Affinal Relationship
Agriculture
Ambilineal
Balanced Reciprocity
A kinship relationship established through marriage and/or al…
An intensive farming strategy for food production involving p…
A kinship traced through both mother's and father's sides of…
Occurs between two people who are more distantly related. (Be…
Affinal Relationship
A kinship relationship established through marriage and/or al…
Agriculture
An intensive farming strategy for food production involving p…
73 terms
Anthropology 100
Anthropology
Biological Anthropology
Scientific Method
Organic Evolution
the study of humans (biological, archaeological, cultural, li…
study of primatology, human variation, and human evolution
Its steps include: goal, approach, deductive reasoning, and a…
change in gene frequencies in a population over time (also re…
Anthropology
the study of humans (biological, archaeological, cultural, li…
Biological Anthropology
study of primatology, human variation, and human evolution
120 terms
Anthropology 100
Anthropology
Culture
Culture Transmission
Biological Culture
The study of human diversity and variation, culturally and bi…
The complex system of meanings (knowledge, signs, symbols). C…
Culture is shared from generation to generation and can be tr…
All human populations share certain cultural traits:... -Long pe…
Anthropology
The study of human diversity and variation, culturally and bi…
Culture
The complex system of meanings (knowledge, signs, symbols). C…
41 terms
Anthropology 100
anthropology
cultural anthropology
fieldwork
informants
study of human nature, human society, human language past and…
Focuses on the study of different cultures across the globe,…
extended period of close involvement with the people in whose…
people in a particular culture who work with anthropologists…
anthropology
study of human nature, human society, human language past and…
cultural anthropology
Focuses on the study of different cultures across the globe,…
15 terms
Anthropology 100
study of living peoples and their cult…
the four main sub-fields of Anthropology
being human in as complete and inclusi…
replication of ancient techniques & pr…
Cultural Anthropology
socio-cultural, archaeology, linguistics, biological
Holistic
experimental archaeology
study of living peoples and their cult…
Cultural Anthropology
the four main sub-fields of Anthropology
socio-cultural, archaeology, linguistics, biological
69 terms
Anthropology 100
cultural anthropology
biological anthropology
Archaeological anthropology
Linguistic anthropology
studies the beliefs, customs, art, etc. of a particular socie…
"Physical", human evolution and genetics (ex: Jane Goodall)
study human remains, go on long digs in groups, study primiti…
The role of language in society
cultural anthropology
studies the beliefs, customs, art, etc. of a particular socie…
biological anthropology
"Physical", human evolution and genetics (ex: Jane Goodall)
Anthropology 100
Social Class
Stratified Society
Caste
Stereotypes
a category of individuals in a stratified society who enjoy e…
a society in which people are hierarchically divided and rank…
a closed social class in a stratified society in which member…
simplistic descriptions of cultural traits in other groups wh…
Social Class
a category of individuals in a stratified society who enjoy e…
Stratified Society
a society in which people are hierarchically divided and rank…
96 terms
Anthropology 100
Anthropos
Logos
Holistic
Comparative
...
Logic
characterized by comprehension of the parts of something as i…
...
Anthropos
...
Logos
Logic
Anthropology 100
Arm Chair Anthropologist
Cultural Relativism
Cultural Text
Culture
an approach to the study of various societies that dominated…
is the principle that an individual person's beliefs and acti…
a way of thinking about culture as a text of significant symb…
the system of meanings that are shared by people and passed o…
Arm Chair Anthropologist
an approach to the study of various societies that dominated…
Cultural Relativism
is the principle that an individual person's beliefs and acti…
Anthropology 100
Anthropology
Culture
Power to naturalize
A Priori
The study of human diversity, different ways of being human;…
The beliefs we have about the world and people; the power to…
Relating everything to nature; breaking things down to a simp…
Something you've taken to be true, or accepted without eviden…
Anthropology
The study of human diversity, different ways of being human;…
Culture
The beliefs we have about the world and people; the power to…
10 terms
anthropology 100
earliest primates
Earliest Anthropoids
Earliest Hominoids
earliest indication of hominids' split…
65-55 million years ago. Prosimian like
45 million years ago. monkey like
24 million years ago. Ape like
7-6 million years ago.
earliest primates
65-55 million years ago. Prosimian like
Earliest Anthropoids
45 million years ago. monkey like
86 terms
anthropology 100 final
Four Fields of Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology
Society
Culture
Biological, Linguistic, Archaeological, Cultural
the study of the ways of life of the other peoples of the world
Patterns of Behavior... Expressed visual signs of behavior Betwe…
Patterns for behavior... Shared ideas ... Social aspects
Four Fields of Anthropology
Biological, Linguistic, Archaeological, Cultural
Cultural Anthropology
the study of the ways of life of the other peoples of the world
55 terms
Anthropology 100
Anthropology
Anthropology is:
Culture
Cross-Cultural
The study of the human species, and its immediate ancestors.
Holistic, Cross-Cultural, Comparative, and Biocultural
Traditions and customs transmitted through learning
Comparing the customs of one society with those of another;
Anthropology
The study of the human species, and its immediate ancestors.
Anthropology is:
Holistic, Cross-Cultural, Comparative, and Biocultural
Anthropology 100
Anthropology
Cross-culture
Ethnocentrism
Holism
is the study of humans, people and their origins. This includ…
Combining, pertaining to or contrasting two or more cultures…
The tendency to judge the beliefs and behaviours of other cul…
An analysis of society as a whole which refuses to break soci…
Anthropology
is the study of humans, people and their origins. This includ…
Cross-culture
Combining, pertaining to or contrasting two or more cultures…
Anthropology 100
Unilineal evolution
Liminal Stage
Spencer & Morgan
Boas & Malonswki
The lineage that begins from the savage to the barbaric to th…
The in between stage of integration that consists of giving u…
Global cultural development and diffusion of culture and the…
The study of living societies in specific cultures, recognize…
Unilineal evolution
The lineage that begins from the savage to the barbaric to th…
Liminal Stage
The in between stage of integration that consists of giving u…
96 terms
Anthropology 100
globalization
Diffusionists
Transnational
migrants
the widening scale of cross-culture interruptions caused by t…
Early twentieth-century basin anthropologists who held that c…
relationship that extend beyond nation-state boundaries witho…
people who leave their homes to work for a time in order regi…
globalization
the widening scale of cross-culture interruptions caused by t…
Diffusionists
Early twentieth-century basin anthropologists who held that c…
48 terms
Anthropology 100
4 subfields of Anthropology
5 components of culture
7 things we know about culture
Achieved Status
Biological, Cultural, Linguistics, Archaeological, (Applied)
Norms, Values, Constructs, Symbols, Worldviews
its integrated, product of history, can change or can cause c…
an earned status -> reflects skills
4 subfields of Anthropology
Biological, Cultural, Linguistics, Archaeological, (Applied)
5 components of culture
Norms, Values, Constructs, Symbols, Worldviews
100 terms
Anthropology 100
What is anthropology?
the unconscious belief that reality is…
Culture Bound
Arm Chair Anthropology
The study of humankind in all times (temporal) and all places…
Naive Realism
Seeing other culture though ones cultural lenses
Viewing from a distance
What is anthropology?
The study of humankind in all times (temporal) and all places…
the unconscious belief that reality is…
Naive Realism
19 terms
Anthropology 100
Evolution Theory
Evolution
The belief,deriven by Plato, in fixed…
A framework based on Aristotelian prin…
The set of tesable hypothesis that assert living organisms ca…
The process of change over time
Essentialism
The Great Chain of Being
Evolution Theory
The set of tesable hypothesis that assert living organisms ca…
Evolution
The process of change over time
Anthropology 100
evolutionary history
life history
hominid
hominin
Development of humans over a long period of time. Depends on…
Development of humans over their life time (shorter). Depends…
Apes and ape-like ancestors
Humans and human-like ancestors
evolutionary history
Development of humans over a long period of time. Depends on…
life history
Development of humans over their life time (shorter). Depends…
Anthropology 100
Lomekwi
Movius Line
Sangiran area
Dali Fossil
stone tools in Kenya... in 2011 nearly 150 stone artifacts, date…
hand axes absent east of india
80 individuals, several site... general absence of tools... use of…
200 kya... cranium, erectus, sapien traits... China
Lomekwi
stone tools in Kenya... in 2011 nearly 150 stone artifacts, date…
Movius Line
hand axes absent east of india
76 terms
Anthropology 100- Cultural Anthropology
ethnography
emic
etic
culture definition #1
to describe/write about people and social and cultural life
insider/native perspective
outsider/non-native perspective
culture of a group consists of shared, socially learned knowl…
ethnography
to describe/write about people and social and cultural life
emic
insider/native perspective
51 terms
ANTHROPOLOGY 100
paleopathology
5 Broad categories of Paleopathology
forensic anthropology
material culture
study of disease in prehistoric populations... -analysis of skel…
1. Violence - broken bones, cranial fractures, amputations, h…
application of anth. science to answer legal questions... - comm…
physical manifestation of a culture... -tells you about the pers…
paleopathology
study of disease in prehistoric populations... -analysis of skel…
5 Broad categories of Paleopathology
1. Violence - broken bones, cranial fractures, amputations, h…
Anthropology 100- Exam 3
Agricultural Revolution
Sedentism
Horticulture
Shifting Cultivation
Food production: there were 3 most significant consequences--…
The establishment of permanent,settled communities
a type of farming involving the use of man labor and hand too…
planting crops on parcel of land, usually for several years i…
Agricultural Revolution
Food production: there were 3 most significant consequences--…
Sedentism
The establishment of permanent,settled communities
Anthropology 100- Cultural Anthropology
ethnography
emic
etic
culture definition #1
to describe/write about people and social and cultural life
insider/native perspective
outsider/non-native perspective
culture of a group consists of shared, socially learned knowl…
ethnography
to describe/write about people and social and cultural life
emic
insider/native perspective
76 terms
Anthropology 100- Cultural Anthropology
ethnography
emic
etic
culture definition #1
to describe/write about people and social and cultural life
insider/native perspective
outsider/non-native perspective
culture of a group consists of shared, socially learned knowl…
ethnography
to describe/write about people and social and cultural life
emic
insider/native perspective
ANTHROPOLOGY 100
kinship
Cognate kinship/ bilateral kinship/ego…
Decent systems
Biological Father
is used to designate quality of relationships
Modern societies and hunters and gather societies have this.…
Rules that create groups which are responsible for production…
Genitor
kinship
is used to designate quality of relationships
Cognate kinship/ bilateral kinship/ego…
Modern societies and hunters and gather societies have this.…
80 terms
Anthropology 100
Define Anthropology
What are the four subfields of anthrop…
Biological Anthropology
Archaeology
The systematic study of all aspects of human (and related spe…
Biological, Archaeology, Linguistic Anthropology, and Cultura…
The study of the evolution of humans as biological organisms.…
The study of past cultures throughout examinations of their m…
Define Anthropology
The systematic study of all aspects of human (and related spe…
What are the four subfields of anthrop…
Biological, Archaeology, Linguistic Anthropology, and Cultura…
85 terms
Anthropology 100 Final Exam
Affinal
Agriculture
Ancestor Spirits
Animism
Being related to someone through marriage (e.g. the woman tha…
Nonindustrial systems of plant cultivation characterized by c…
Supernatural beings.
Belief in souls or doubles.
Affinal
Being related to someone through marriage (e.g. the woman tha…
Agriculture
Nonindustrial systems of plant cultivation characterized by c…
45 terms
Anthropology 100
What is anthropology?
What is biological anthropology?
What is archaeology?
What type of scientist studies the fos…
Dynamic study of the multi facets of human kind through time…
Study of human biological variation
Study of human behavior and cultural patterns/processes throu…
Paleoanthropologist
What is anthropology?
Dynamic study of the multi facets of human kind through time…
What is biological anthropology?
Study of human biological variation
73 terms
Anthropology 100 UW-Madison
Hominin
Protohominins
Human Culture
Paleoanthropology
A member of the tribe Hominini, the evolutionary group that i…
The earliest members of the hominid lineage, as yet only poor…
Consists of cognitive, political, social, economic and techno…
the scientific study of human fossils
Hominin
A member of the tribe Hominini, the evolutionary group that i…
Protohominins
The earliest members of the hominid lineage, as yet only poor…
50 terms
Anthropology 100
Archaeological and osteological data s…
According to the view of human nature…
Mundugumor
The main reason for a shaman's rituals…
have existed throughout the history of Homo sapiens
before the evolution of complex social institutions there was…
high in idiocentric (self-centered) personality development
heal the sick
Archaeological and osteological data s…
have existed throughout the history of Homo sapiens
According to the view of human nature…
before the evolution of complex social institutions there was…
76 terms
anthropology 100
core value
culture bound syndrome
dependence training
independence training
help people to know what is right from wrong
a combination of psychiatric and somatic symptoms that are co…
refers to child rearing practices that foster dependence on t…
Independence training refers to child rearing practices that…
core value
help people to know what is right from wrong
culture bound syndrome
a combination of psychiatric and somatic symptoms that are co…
ANTHROPOLOGY 100
Anthropology
Ethnocentrism
Ethnography
Subjectivity
The study of human beings.
The evaluation of other cultures according to the standards,…
Literally "writing or inscription of a way of life". Or, a de…
The influences and biases that result from one's... socialisatio…
Anthropology
The study of human beings.
Ethnocentrism
The evaluation of other cultures according to the standards,…
40 terms
Anthropology 100:
What are the four main stages in a rit…
Rites of Separation (Preliminal)
Liminality (Liminal period)
Rites of Initiation
1. Rites of Separation (Preliminal) ... 2. Liminality (Liminal p…
The initiate is taken away from familiar surroundings and int…
The initiate is not fully accepted into the community althoug…
The initiate takes part in activities to learn and slowly bec…
What are the four main stages in a rit…
1. Rites of Separation (Preliminal) ... 2. Liminality (Liminal p…
Rites of Separation (Preliminal)
The initiate is taken away from familiar surroundings and int…
Anthropology 100
Holism
Culture
Enculturation
Ethnography
Anthropologist try to incorporate everything known about humans
Set of learned ideas and behaviours humans acquire by being p…
process by which a child learns his or her culture
process and product of studying cultural anthropology
Holism
Anthropologist try to incorporate everything known about humans
Culture
Set of learned ideas and behaviours humans acquire by being p…
Anthropology 100
Which of the following are the two sub…
Ischial callosities are ___________.
Using the cladistic classification sys…
In the Catarrhini dental formula, 2.1.…
Prosimians,Anthropoids,
Callous pads on the buttocks
Strepsirhines
the number of each type of tooth in one quadrant of the mouth
Which of the following are the two sub…
Prosimians,Anthropoids,
Ischial callosities are ___________.
Callous pads on the buttocks
16 terms
Anthropology 100
Culture
Social
Participant observation
Ethnocentrism
Signifying, symbolic or meaning systems
Institutions and arrangements of people and their activities…
Taking part in everyday life and observing the daily activiti…
Evaluating another culture according to standard's (values, m…
Culture
Signifying, symbolic or meaning systems
Social
Institutions and arrangements of people and their activities…
14 terms
Anthropology 100- cultural anthropology (week 11)
19th Century Origins of Cultural Anthr…
Early 20th century move from "armchair…
Four Field Approach
Professor Tim Ingold
unilineal/cultural evolutionism (Edward Taylor, Lewis Morgan)…
Bronislaw Malinowski... -long-term immersion, participant obse…
Archaeological, Cultural, Physical, Linguistics
The goals of anthropology: "The objective of anthropology, I…
19th Century Origins of Cultural Anthr…
unilineal/cultural evolutionism (Edward Taylor, Lewis Morgan)…
Early 20th century move from "armchair…
Bronislaw Malinowski... -long-term immersion, participant obse…
21 terms
Anthropology 100- cultural anthropology (week 13)
Reproduction (why is anthropologically…
Personhood
Personhood
Personhood
-Entails physiological processes and social activities (Jean…
What is a person and when is a person?
-Under certain conditions humans may be born and yet denied p…
The quality or condition of being an individual person
Reproduction (why is anthropologically…
-Entails physiological processes and social activities (Jean…
Personhood
What is a person and when is a person?
19 terms
Anthropology 100- cultural anthropology (week 14)
(typical features of a) Human Society
Status
Role
Ascribed Status
People recognize it as a group, territorially localized, bond…
Publicly recognized social position
Customary behaviors that go with a person's given status
Inescapable, you're born or grow into it (king, daughter, etc.)
(typical features of a) Human Society
People recognize it as a group, territorially localized, bond…
Status
Publicly recognized social position
15 terms
Anthropology 100- cultural anthropology (week 12)
Symbol
Symbol
Victor Turner
Properties of symbols
Anything to which some group of people has been assigned an a…
-Material objects / all words / colors / images / etc.... -can i…
Studied the Ndembu tribe of Zambia
1) Condensation... 2) Polarization of meaning... -ideological pole…
Symbol
Anything to which some group of people has been assigned an a…
Symbol
-Material objects / all words / colors / images / etc.... -can i…
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