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143 terms
Anthropology 168: Exam Two
Primates
Parallel Evolution
Convergent Evolution
Homologous Traits
The order of mammals that has a complex of characteristics re…
When the same trait has arisen separately in two closely rela…
Independent evolution of similar adaptations in rather distin…
Physical traits in two species that have similar structures b…
Primates
The order of mammals that has a complex of characteristics re…
Parallel Evolution
When the same trait has arisen separately in two closely rela…
32 terms
Anth 168 exam 2 (ch5)
primates
Chordata
notochord
Vertebra
The order of mammals that has a complex characteristics relat…
The phylum humans belong to... Organisms in this phylum must pos…
A flexible internal rod that runs along the back of an animal…
A subphylum of Chordata defined by the presence of an interna…
primates
The order of mammals that has a complex characteristics relat…
Chordata
The phylum humans belong to... Organisms in this phylum must pos…
18 terms
Anth 168 Lab Terms
Cloaca
Involucrum
Sequestrum
Osteoblastic
holes that penetrate the involucrum; where pus from the infec…
shell that covers the sequestrum
shaft of original bone
bone FORMING
Cloaca
holes that penetrate the involucrum; where pus from the infec…
Involucrum
shell that covers the sequestrum
135 terms
Anth 168 Exam 1
Biocultural Approach
Variation
comparative approach
What is evolution
studying humans/primates in terms of the interation between b…
differences betweene individuals, population or species
comparing human/ primate populations to determine common and…
changes over time; the change in living organisms over genera…
Biocultural Approach
studying humans/primates in terms of the interation between b…
Variation
differences betweene individuals, population or species
13 terms
Anth 168 Phylogenetics
Phylogeny
phylogenetic tree - what is it? name 7…
Character state trees use what approach?
distance trees use what approach?
reconstruction of the evolutionary history of a group of orga…
graphical reconstruction of a phylogeny; can use genetic, pro…
use cladistic approach (proportion of similarities)
use phenetic approach (overall how similar they are)
Phylogeny
reconstruction of the evolutionary history of a group of orga…
phylogenetic tree - what is it? name 7…
graphical reconstruction of a phylogeny; can use genetic, pro…
28 terms
Anth 168 Adaptation
Bergmann's Rule
Allen's Rule
Characteristics of endotherms from hot…
Characteristics of endotherms from col…
within a broadly distributed taxonomic clade:... 1) populations…
body shapes and proportions of endotherms vary by climatic te…
long and thin - ears, tails, limbs, snouts
shorter and thicker - ears, tails, limbs, snouts
Bergmann's Rule
within a broadly distributed taxonomic clade:... 1) populations…
Allen's Rule
body shapes and proportions of endotherms vary by climatic te…
21 terms
Anth 168 Human Variation
5 Methods of detecting molecular varia…
DNA/DNA Hybridization - what does it d…
Heteroduplexes
Homoduplexes
DNA/DNA hybridization, chromosome banding patterns, FISH, mic…
measure the melting point temperature for denaturing heterodu…
have fewer hydrogen bonds - takes less energy to break apart
have more hydrogen bonds - takes more energy/heat to melt the…
5 Methods of detecting molecular varia…
DNA/DNA hybridization, chromosome banding patterns, FISH, mic…
DNA/DNA Hybridization - what does it d…
measure the melting point temperature for denaturing heterodu…
69 terms
Anthro 168 Final
Middle Pleistocene
Upper Pleistocene
Homo heidlbergensis
Levallios technique
A geological stage of the Pleistocene epoch that lasted from…
A geological stage of the Pleistocene epoch that lasted from…
A species of archaic human with brain size close to that of m…
A method of making stone tools in which a stone core is prepa…
Middle Pleistocene
A geological stage of the Pleistocene epoch that lasted from…
Upper Pleistocene
A geological stage of the Pleistocene epoch that lasted from…
Anth 168 Demographics of Human Populations
Demography
fertility
fecundity
Biological (1) and cultural variation…
study of the size, composition, and distribution of human pop…
actual reproduction - number of births per individual
potential reproduction - number of people that are capable of…
incompatible blood types reduces fertility; cultures may pres…
Demography
study of the size, composition, and distribution of human pop…
fertility
actual reproduction - number of births per individual
18 terms
Anth 168 Ch 14-17
Fission
Fusion
Exogamy
Sickle Cell Anemia - what are homo/het…
large population, some people will get together and leave to…
Fusion = small population or outside pressures (war, famine)…
the tendency to choose mates from outside the local populatio…
homozygotes = sickle cell anemia or fine = selected AGAINST,…
Fission
large population, some people will get together and leave to…
Fusion
Fusion = small population or outside pressures (war, famine)…
37 terms
Anth 168
Anthropology
culture
Biocultural Approach
variation
the study of human cultural and biological variation and evol…
learned behavior (includes social systems, economic systems,…
studying humans/primates in terms of the interaction between…
differences between individuals, populations, or species
Anthropology
the study of human cultural and biological variation and evol…
culture
learned behavior (includes social systems, economic systems,…
6 terms
Homo habilis-Origin of Genus (Ch. 11)
Homo
Homo habilis
Oldowan tradition
Homo rudolfensis
a genus of hominins characterized by large brain size, and in…
an early species of homo that lived in Africa between 1.9 and…
The oldest known stone tool culture, made of flint, obsidian,…
A species of early Homo from Africa 1.9mya with a brain size…
Homo
a genus of hominins characterized by large brain size, and in…
Homo habilis
an early species of homo that lived in Africa between 1.9 and…
40 terms
Anth168 Ancient Modern Homo Sapiens and aDNA
Anatomically Modern Homo Sapien - skul…
Anatomically Modern Homo Sapien - Uppe…
Anatomically Modern Homo Sapien - Shel…
Anatomically Modern Homo Sapien - Cave…
no occipital bun, rounded back of skull, vertical forehead, s…
blades (sharp and thin), burins (not found prior to H. sapiens)
caves and rock shelters, manufactured shelter = huts made of…
large game animals, hunting, venus figurines
Anatomically Modern Homo Sapien - skul…
no occipital bun, rounded back of skull, vertical forehead, s…
Anatomically Modern Homo Sapien - Uppe…
blades (sharp and thin), burins (not found prior to H. sapiens)
45 terms
Bio Anthropology Loudon Exam 2
4 steps of Natural Selection
Great Ape Tool Use
Project Washoe
Project Loulis
Overpopulation, Variation, Competition, Selection
...
A project geared towards teaching chimps language, Washoe was…
...
4 steps of Natural Selection
Overpopulation, Variation, Competition, Selection
Great Ape Tool Use
...
12 terms
Hand bones ECLC
Distal phalanx (II)
Middle phalanx (II)
Proximal phalanx (II)
Metacarpal bone (II)
Distal phalanx (II)
Middle phalanx (II)
33 terms
Chapter 9 Primate Origins and Evolution
Epochs
Holocene epoch
Pleistocene epoch
Pliocene epoch
a subdivision of a geologic period. The focus is on the epoch…
Most recent epoch of the cenozoic era, 10,000 years ago to pr…
2nd most recent epoch of the cenozoic era, 2.6ma-10 ka ago, c…
an epoch of the cenozoic era, 5.3ma-2.6ma, characterized by t…
Epochs
a subdivision of a geologic period. The focus is on the epoch…
Holocene epoch
Most recent epoch of the cenozoic era, 10,000 years ago to pr…
49 terms
Chapter 8 The Fossil Record
Lucy
By what main means can we further unde…
Paleoanthropology
What methods can we use to learn when…
One of the most famous fossils in human evolution, "She" is a…
We can derive clues baout human evolution from the fossil rec…
the study of primate and human evolution
Relative dating and chronometric dating allow us to determine…
Lucy
One of the most famous fossils in human evolution, "She" is a…
By what main means can we further unde…
We can derive clues baout human evolution from the fossil rec…
61 terms
Anthropology Final
1980s
1998
2000s
kogwayay
Time period when the Gebusi had a traditional society with sp…
Time period when the Gebusi moved to the outskirts of the gov…
Time period when Nomad closes and old traditions reemerge; mo…
togetherness; pleasant conversation; cheering. Solely for men.
1980s
Time period when the Gebusi had a traditional society with sp…
1998
Time period when the Gebusi moved to the outskirts of the gov…
24 terms
ANTH Chapter 6
suborders
prosimians
Lorises
Tarsiers
prosimii-before simians, biologically primitive... anthropoidea-…
lack 1 or more characteristics of primates (color vision, sin…
prosimian, small nocturnal , found in asia and africa, good s…
prosimian, small, nocturnal, found in indonesia, lack moist n…
suborders
prosimii-before simians, biologically primitive... anthropoidea-…
prosimians
lack 1 or more characteristics of primates (color vision, sin…
40 terms
Chapter 10 The first Homionins
Human evolution- timeline of hominin
Plit-down Man
What unique human trait evolved first?
Obligate bipeds
The split between apes and hominins was characterized by the…
a fossil hoax with an ape-like lower jaw and a large human br…
Bipedalism
Walking on two legs has become so efficent and effective toda…
Human evolution- timeline of hominin
The split between apes and hominins was characterized by the…
Plit-down Man
a fossil hoax with an ape-like lower jaw and a large human br…
18 terms
ANTH 215 Chapter 10: The First Hominins Vocabulary
Pliocene epoch
Pleistocene epoch
cranial capacities
Sahelanthropus tchadensis
The fifth epoch of the Cenozoic era, dating from 5.3 to 2.6 m…
The sixth epoch of the Cenozoic era, dating from 2.6 million…
A measurement of the interior volume of the brain case measur…
An early possible hominin species from Africa, dating between…
Pliocene epoch
The fifth epoch of the Cenozoic era, dating from 5.3 to 2.6 m…
Pleistocene epoch
The sixth epoch of the Cenozoic era, dating from 2.6 million…
24 terms
ANTH CHAPTER 7
Owl Monkey
Aotus azarae azarae
cathemeral
Hominids
only nocturnal anthropoid
cathemeral
active randomly during day and night equally
humanlike ancestors, evolved in a tropical environment, cold…
Owl Monkey
only nocturnal anthropoid
Aotus azarae azarae
cathemeral
19 terms
ANTH CHAPTER 11
Homo erectus
Cranial differences
jaws and teeth
face
upright walking human, first evidence found of bipedalism in…
narrower front of the skull for erectus vs sapiens, indicatin…
still large compared with modern humans but smaller than earl…
face protrudes but not as much as earlier hominids, large rid…
Homo erectus
upright walking human, first evidence found of bipedalism in…
Cranial differences
narrower front of the skull for erectus vs sapiens, indicatin…
200 terms
anthro Exam 2
Primates
Parallel Evolution
Convergent Evolution
Homologous traits
Order of mammals that has complex characteristics related to…
When same trait has arisen separately in two closely related…
Independent evolution of similar adaptations in rather distan…
physical traits in 2 species that have similar structures but…
Primates
Order of mammals that has complex characteristics related to…
Parallel Evolution
When same trait has arisen separately in two closely related…
57 terms
Pelvic Girdle
Os Coxa
Acetabulum
Obturator foramen
Sacroiliac joint
Os Coxa
Acetabulum
55 terms
Chapter 7 The Human Species
Human Distribution and Environment
What abilities are believed to have le…
Human Brain Size and Structure
What is the order in primates which br…
Humans originally evolved in tropical environments but, with…
Our ability to learn and to develop technology has led to imm…
Humans have unique features, such as their large brain (relat…
Monkeys have the smallest brains, followed by the lesser apes…
Human Distribution and Environment
Humans originally evolved in tropical environments but, with…
What abilities are believed to have le…
Our ability to learn and to develop technology has led to imm…
30 terms
ANTH CHAPTER 5
Parallel Evolution
Convergent Evolution
Homologous Traits
Analogous Traits
when the same trait arises separately in 2 closely related sp…
independent evolution of similar adaptations in different evo…
physical traits in 2 species that have similar structures but…
physical traits with similar functions in 2 species but a dif…
Parallel Evolution
when the same trait arises separately in 2 closely related sp…
Convergent Evolution
independent evolution of similar adaptations in different evo…
11 terms
Chapter 8 & 9: PaleoAnthropology, Primate Origins, and Evolution
paleoanthropology
Cenozoic Era
epoch
Paleocene epoch
the study of primate and human evolution
the third and most recent geologic era of the Phanerozoic eon…
a subdivision of a geologic period
65-55 mya BP; primate like mammals
paleoanthropology
the study of primate and human evolution
Cenozoic Era
the third and most recent geologic era of the Phanerozoic eon…
55 terms
Chapter 6 Primate behavior and ecology
What does early comparison of arboreal…
home range
Primate behavioral ecology
To what extent are group size and stru…
Early studies of primates suggests basic relationships betwee…
the size of the geographic area normally occupied in a group
the study of primate behavior that focues on the adaptive val…
Group living allows for a more successful defense against pre…
What does early comparison of arboreal…
Early studies of primates suggests basic relationships betwee…
home range
the size of the geographic area normally occupied in a group
111 terms
Chapter 5 The Primates
Taxonomy of Humans
What taxonomic category does "primate"…
Chordata
Notochord
Kingdom animalia, phylum chordata (subphylum vertebrata), Cla…
Order
The phylum that Humans belong to, including animals with a sp…
a flexible internal rod that runs along the back of an animal…
Taxonomy of Humans
Kingdom animalia, phylum chordata (subphylum vertebrata), Cla…
What taxonomic category does "primate"…
Order
31 terms
ANTH CHAPTER 9/10
Age of Humans
Human evolution
Oldest Hominid
Orrorin Tugenesis
200,000 years old, all fossils in our species are 400,000 yea…
one line developed big back teeth for chewing, the other evol…
sahelanthropus tchadensis, 6-7 mya partial cranium, back of s…
kenya, 6 mya, dental leg and arm remains, bipedal, hominid
Age of Humans
200,000 years old, all fossils in our species are 400,000 yea…
Human evolution
one line developed big back teeth for chewing, the other evol…
211 terms
ANTHRO final
When did anatomically modern humans ap…
Who did modern humans come from?
When were all fossils Homo sapiens in…
Middle Pleistocene
~200,000 ya
Archaic Homo sapiens
35,000 BP
781,000-126,000 YA
When did anatomically modern humans ap…
~200,000 ya
Who did modern humans come from?
Archaic Homo sapiens
32 terms
ANTH CHAPTER 8/9
Cenzoic Era
Holocene epoch
Pleistocene epoch
Pliocene epoch
epochs-subdivisions of geologic periods
.01 mya-present, humans develop agriculture and industry, exp…
1.8-.01 mya B.P, evolution of the genus Homo (sapiens and ere…
5-1.8 mya B.P, first hominids and origin of the genus homo
Cenzoic Era
epochs-subdivisions of geologic periods
Holocene epoch
.01 mya-present, humans develop agriculture and industry, exp…
176 terms
Anatomy Bones
Centrum
Vertebral arch
Pedicle
Lamina
Centrum
Vertebral arch
36 terms
Bones of the skull
Parietal Bone
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Temporal Bone
Parietal Bone
Occipital Bone
18 terms
DNA
Dna
Nucleotide
Double helix
Hydrogen bond
a double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
a building block of DNA or RNA, consisting of a sugar, a nitr…
a pair of parallel helices intertwined about a common axis
a type of weak chemical bond formed between the nitrogenous b…
Dna
a double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Nucleotide
a building block of DNA or RNA, consisting of a sugar, a nitr…
52 terms
skull
cranial bones - Frontal
parietal ( L&R)
temporal (L&R)
styloid process
cranial bones - Frontal
parietal ( L&R)
17 terms
Tissues
Simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified ciliated columnar
Simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
12 terms
Cranial Nerves - Watkins
(I) Olfactory
(II) Optic
(III) Oculomotor
(IV) Trochlear
What is the name and number for the term labeled A?
What is the name and number for the term labeled B?
What is the name and number for the term labeled C?
What is the name and number for the term labeled D?
(I) Olfactory
What is the name and number for the term labeled A?
(II) Optic
What is the name and number for the term labeled B?
24 terms
Epithelial Tissue
Simple Columnar (pic)
Stratified Columnar (pic)
Simple squamous (pic)
Simple Cuboidal (pic)
Simple Columnar (pic)
Stratified Columnar (pic)
153 terms
Skeleton
Coronal Suture
Sagittal Suture
Squamous Suture
Lambdoid Suture
Name the suture
Name the suture
Name the suture
Name the suture
Coronal Suture
Name the suture
Sagittal Suture
Name the suture
66 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab Practical: Skeletal Muscle (Anatomy)
Levator Scapula
Scalenes
Sternocleidomastoid (SCM)
Platysma
Levator Scapula
Scalenes
40 terms
Ch 3: Lab terms
anatomical position
anterior
appendicular
axial
body with arms by side, palms forward
in front (opposite of posterior, similar to ventral)
the skeleton of the limbs
the skeleton of the head and trunk
anatomical position
body with arms by side, palms forward
anterior
in front (opposite of posterior, similar to ventral)
30 terms
Skeleton
parietal bone
temporal bone
occipital bone
frontal bone
parietal bone
temporal bone
89 terms
Anthropology exam 1
Anthropology
Culture
Enculturation
Cultural anthropology
The holistic, cross-cultural study of hunan beings and their…
The learned traditions, customs, beliefs, taboos, ways of thi…
The process of learning culture
The study of living human societies and cultures
Anthropology
The holistic, cross-cultural study of hunan beings and their…
Culture
The learned traditions, customs, beliefs, taboos, ways of thi…
18 terms
The Cellular Level of Organization - Chapter 3 - Cellular Structure Functions
cilia
cytosol
mitochondria
ribosomes
short, hair-like projections for movement of substances along…
intracellular fluid
site of energy production by cellular respiration
site of protein synthesis
cilia
short, hair-like projections for movement of substances along…
cytosol
intracellular fluid
33 terms
Anthropology Exam 2
Ardipithecus Ramidus "Ardi"
Australopithecus "Southern Ape"
Australopithecus Afarensis: Lucy
Paranthropus
Female ... Ancestral to early Australopithecus ... Brain Size 300-3…
1924 Raymond Dart discovered A.Africanus ... Longest enduring ho…
One of the most complete individuals from anywhere in the wor…
Small cranial capacity ... Very large faces, relatively large te…
Ardipithecus Ramidus "Ardi"
Female ... Ancestral to early Australopithecus ... Brain Size 300-3…
Australopithecus "Southern Ape"
1924 Raymond Dart discovered A.Africanus ... Longest enduring ho…
51 terms
SKULL
Zygomatic Bone
Zygomatic Bone
Zygomatic Bone
Vomer
Zygomatic Bone
Zygomatic Bone
32 terms
Blood
Plasma
Plasma Proteins
Serum
Acidosis
liquid part of the blood
Albumins, Globulins, and Fibrinogen
blood plasma minus its clotting factors
condition in which there is an excessive proportion of acid i…
Plasma
liquid part of the blood
Plasma Proteins
Albumins, Globulins, and Fibrinogen
19 terms
ANATOMY - Appendicular Skeleton
clavicle
scapula
humerus
ulna
clavicle
scapula
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