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Study sets matching "anthro"

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Study sets matching "anthro"

10 terms
Anthropology
assimilate
cremation
domesticate
folklore
v. To consume and incorporate; to become similar
n. The act of burning the dead
v. To make something suitable for being in a home
n. Traditional myths of a people transmitted orally
assimilate
v. To consume and incorporate; to become similar
cremation
n. The act of burning the dead
49 terms
Anthropology
Subsistence
Hunting and gathering
Pastoralism
Horticulture
the way societies get food and water H/G, P, H, A
Oldest form of subsistence... Can only support a small populatio…
The raising of cattle for food (because it is dangerous is is…
The planting and raising of crops with ONLY HUMAN POWER... Can s…
Subsistence
the way societies get food and water H/G, P, H, A
Hunting and gathering
Oldest form of subsistence... Can only support a small populatio…
227 terms
ANTHROPOLOGY
Osteology
Skeletal Functions (6)
Support
protection
the study of skeletal material.
1.Support... 2.Protection... 3.Function... 4.Red Blood Cell and Marrow…
support soft tissues
provides a hard armor shielding soft tissues
Osteology
the study of skeletal material.
Skeletal Functions (6)
1.Support... 2.Protection... 3.Function... 4.Red Blood Cell and Marrow…
28 terms
Anthropology
cranial
nomadic
decline
flourished
of or relating to the skull or cranium. Ex. the helmet helps…
roaming about from place to place aimlessly, frequently, or w…
to become lower in amount or less in number. Ex. oil prices c…
was very successful; did very well. Ex. the group ______ in t…
cranial
of or relating to the skull or cranium. Ex. the helmet helps…
nomadic
roaming about from place to place aimlessly, frequently, or w…
22 terms
Anthropology
Anthropology
cultural relativism
culture shock
culture
The scientific and humanistic study of human being encompassi…
The idea that culture should be analyzed with reference to th…
Feelings of alienation and helplessness that result from rapi…
The learned behaviors and symbols that allow people to live i…
Anthropology
The scientific and humanistic study of human being encompassi…
cultural relativism
The idea that culture should be analyzed with reference to th…
70 terms
Anthropology
Ethnography
Fieldwork
Participant Observation
Holism (Holistic Perspective)
Ethno=people graphy=write. Recorded descriptions of the custo…
An anthropologist's personal long-term experience with a spec…
research method in which anthropologists' fieldwork serve as…
aims to get an encompassing and complete view of humanity or…
Ethnography
Ethno=people graphy=write. Recorded descriptions of the custo…
Fieldwork
An anthropologist's personal long-term experience with a spec…
188 terms
anthropology
anthropology
4 fields of anthropology
biological anthropology
archaeology
The study of humans, past and present and human biological va…
biological/physical, archaeology, sociocultural anthropology,…
how humans adapt, disease process
study past peoples/cultures
anthropology
The study of humans, past and present and human biological va…
4 fields of anthropology
biological/physical, archaeology, sociocultural anthropology,…
41 terms
Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology (1)
Archaeology (2)
Physical or Biological Anthropology (3)
Linguistic Anthropology (4)
studies social and cultural behavior
studies cultural remains (artifacts) left behind
studies human and human antecedent biology and evolution
studies human communication systems
Cultural Anthropology (1)
studies social and cultural behavior
Archaeology (2)
studies cultural remains (artifacts) left behind
114 terms
Anthropology
taxonomy
homology
homoplasy
primitive
the branch of science concerned with classification, especial…
similar in position, structure, and evolutionary origin but n…
character shared by a set of species but not present in their…
the character of an early stage in the evolutionary or histor…
taxonomy
the branch of science concerned with classification, especial…
homology
similar in position, structure, and evolutionary origin but n…
13 terms
anthropology
anthropology
evolution
archaeology
cultural anthropology
study of humans
good enough and for the present
digging and finding prehistory
study of cultures
anthropology
study of humans
evolution
good enough and for the present
49 terms
Anthropology
Creationism
Evolution
Catastrophism
Natural selection
Those who explain where humans come from and why we look so d…
-The gradual development of something from simple to more com…
Supports creationism. The believe that God destroyed everyone…
Organism that have been able to evolve in order to survive th…
Creationism
Those who explain where humans come from and why we look so d…
Evolution
-The gradual development of something from simple to more com…
182 terms
Anthropology
artifact
ecofact
Taphonomy
Relative Dating
objects or materials made or modified for use by hominids
a find at an archaeological site which comes from something l…
branch of paleontology that deals with the processes of fossi…
is the science of determining the relative order of past even…
artifact
objects or materials made or modified for use by hominids
ecofact
a find at an archaeological site which comes from something l…
189 terms
Anthropology
Plate Tectonics
When did the Earth form?
When did the first forms of life form?
What is a Prokaryote? When did it firs…
Continental Drift
4.55 Billion years ago
roughly 4 Billion years ago (prokaryotes)
No Nucleus, No cytoskeleton, No cell membrane (3.8-4 Billion…
Plate Tectonics
Continental Drift
When did the Earth form?
4.55 Billion years ago
9 terms
anthropology
juvenile
anthropology
tribe
ethnology
(adj.) - young or immature
Study of the origins and development of people and their soci…
A culturally distinct population whose members consider thems…
branch of anthropology dealing with human races, their origin…
juvenile
(adj.) - young or immature
anthropology
Study of the origins and development of people and their soci…
64 terms
Anthropology
Genetic Drift
Sexual Selection
Sexual Dimorphism
Animalia
A random change in the gene frequency within a population
Differential reproductive success among the members of the…
Refers to the differences between the sexes in terms of *SIZE…
Kingdom (according to classification) that humans belong to
Genetic Drift
A random change in the gene frequency within a population
Sexual Selection
Differential reproductive success among the members of the…
19 terms
Anthropology
Forensic Anthropology
Bones
Chemical composition of bones
Medullary cavity
The application of anthropology to the legal process; primari…
A rigid organ capable of growth and repair. Bones breathe thr…
Crystalline salts ... - gives compressional strength ... - calciu…
A hollow chamber of the compact bone in diaphysis that is fil…
Forensic Anthropology
The application of anthropology to the legal process; primari…
Bones
A rigid organ capable of growth and repair. Bones breathe thr…
22 terms
anthropology
Caucasoid
Africoid
mongoloid
australian
Europeans, people of European ancestry, West Asia and some No…
sub-Saharan Africans and American blacks
Japanese, Chinese, Southeast Asians, and the various Indians…
Japanese, Chinese, Southeast Asians, and the various Indians…
Caucasoid
Europeans, people of European ancestry, West Asia and some No…
Africoid
sub-Saharan Africans and American blacks
59 terms
anthropology
prosimians and anthropoids
haplorhines and strepsirhines
nose
the New World monkeys (platyrrhine) an…
The two traditional suborders of primates are
The new cladistics taxonomy classifies the order primates as
Platyrrhine and catarrhines refer to the
The terms "platyrrhine" and "catarrhines" refer to difference…
prosimians and anthropoids
The two traditional suborders of primates are
haplorhines and strepsirhines
The new cladistics taxonomy classifies the order primates as
11 terms
Anthropology
culture is primarily transmitted
Every culture has politically
evaluating another culture by using th…
social or physical need that must be f…
through imitation and education
some type of political system
ethnocentrism
cultural universal
culture is primarily transmitted
through imitation and education
Every culture has politically
some type of political system
40 terms
Anthropology
Anthropologists study only non-western…
A descent group only consists of a mar…
Only people living in the industrializ…
Since bands lack formal laws, they hav…
False
False
False
False
Anthropologists study only non-western…
False
A descent group only consists of a mar…
False
62 terms
anthropology
hyoid
cervical
atlas C-1
axis C-2
throat U shape
up in neck (have 3 holes) C-1 rounded
1st cervical more rounded 3 holes (base of the skull)
2nd cervical (move side to side) because of dens
hyoid
throat U shape
cervical
up in neck (have 3 holes) C-1 rounded
10 terms
Anthropology
assimilate (v.)
cremation (n.)
domesticate (v.)
folklore (n.)
(v.) to become similar
(n.) the act of burning the dead
(v.) to make something suitable for being in a home (usually…
(n.) traditional myths of a people transmitted orally
assimilate (v.)
(v.) to become similar
cremation (n.)
(n.) the act of burning the dead
36 terms
Anthropology
Ethnicity means identification with
An anthropological understanding of et…
What is an ascribed status? A status t…
Depending on the situation, the same m…
and feeling part of, a cultural tradition and exclusion from…
any position, no matter what its prestige, that someone occup…
people have little or no choice about occupying
a situational negotiation of social identity
Ethnicity means identification with
and feeling part of, a cultural tradition and exclusion from…
An anthropological understanding of et…
any position, no matter what its prestige, that someone occup…
10 terms
Anthropology
assimilate (v)
cremation (n)
domesticate (v)
folklore (n)
to consume or incorporate, to become similar
the act of burning the dead
to make something suitable for being in a home
traditional myths of a people transmitted orally
assimilate (v)
to consume or incorporate, to become similar
cremation (n)
the act of burning the dead
28 terms
Anthropology
cranial
nomadic
decline
flourished
of or relating to the skull or cranium. Ex. the helmet helps…
roaming about from place to place aimlessly, frequently, or w…
to become lower in amount or less in number. Ex. oil prices c…
was very successful; did very well. Ex. the group ______ in t…
cranial
of or relating to the skull or cranium. Ex. the helmet helps…
nomadic
roaming about from place to place aimlessly, frequently, or w…
63 terms
Anthropology
Personality
Culture
Anthropology
Culture
The complex patterns and ways of thinking, feeling, and behav…
Is a dynamic system of values, beliefs, and ideas that both i…
is the study of humanity. From Greek meaning man (anthros) an…
The shared ideals, values, and beliefs that people use to int…
Personality
The complex patterns and ways of thinking, feeling, and behav…
Culture
Is a dynamic system of values, beliefs, and ideas that both i…
92 terms
Anthropology
What are the main changes that occurre…
What australopithecine species did we…
What evidence do we have for reorganiz…
Homo habilis
- Smaller, flatter faces... - Reduction in size of dentition... - S…
Australopithecus sediba
- Language... - Tool use leading to higher quality diet... - Enamel…
Date: 2.0 -1.4 Ma... Found: 1964 @ Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania ... "han…
What are the main changes that occurre…
- Smaller, flatter faces... - Reduction in size of dentition... - S…
What australopithecine species did we…
Australopithecus sediba
64 terms
Anthropology
Primatology
Two types of evolution
How do anthropologists place fossils i…
Order of species
...
Macroevolution: Over a long period of time environmental isol…
• We give fossils dates of living in two ways:... o 1) relative…
• Primates, anthropoids, catarrhines, Hominoids, Hominids, Ho…
Primatology
...
Two types of evolution
Macroevolution: Over a long period of time environmental isol…
101 terms
Anthropology
MYTH
SCIENCE
CREATION MYTH
EVOLUTION
a story, usually invoking the supernatural, to account for so…
the method of inquiry that attempts to explain phenomena thro…
a myth that explains the origin of the world and it's inhabit…
The systematic change over time of organisms or social systems.
MYTH
a story, usually invoking the supernatural, to account for so…
SCIENCE
the method of inquiry that attempts to explain phenomena thro…
85 terms
Anthropology
the study of humanity
all aspects of human life intersect: c…
what is anthropology?
study of humans as biological organism…
anthropology
Holistic (integrated) approach
comparative & fieldwork
biological anthropology
the study of humanity
anthropology
all aspects of human life intersect: c…
Holistic (integrated) approach
47 terms
Anthropology
Prehistory
Artifact
Stratigraphy
Fluorine dating
period of time before the appearance of written records
Objects fashioned or altered by humans or human ancestors
Older on bottom, younger on top,older on bottom
Relative amount of fluorine (more=older )
Prehistory
period of time before the appearance of written records
Artifact
Objects fashioned or altered by humans or human ancestors
anthropology
culture
enculturation
cultural relativism
ethnocide
the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern…
the process whereby individuals learn their group's culture,…
a concept that cultural norms and values derive their meaning…
ntentional and systematic destruction of an ethnic culture
culture
the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern…
enculturation
the process whereby individuals learn their group's culture,…
37 terms
Anthropology
What is Cultural Anthropology?
What is Culture?
What is Anthropology?
Characteristics of culture:
Socio-Cultural Anthropologists study human cultures across ti…
A CULTURE is a set of habits, customs and beliefs that is pas…
...
1. It is learned.... 2. It is symbolic.... 3. It is shared.... 4. It i…
What is Cultural Anthropology?
Socio-Cultural Anthropologists study human cultures across ti…
What is Culture?
A CULTURE is a set of habits, customs and beliefs that is pas…
23 terms
Anthropology
Human skeleton has how many bones
Name the functions of bone
Name the two tissues bones are made of
What is the name of the study of bones?
206
storage for minerals, production of red blood cells and provi…
compact and spongy
osteology
Human skeleton has how many bones
206
Name the functions of bone
storage for minerals, production of red blood cells and provi…
36 terms
Anthropology
Ethnicity means identification with
An anthropological understanding of et…
What is an ascribed status? A status t…
Depending on the situation, the same m…
and feeling part of, a cultural tradition and exclusion from…
any position, no matter what its prestige, that someone occup…
people have little or no choice about occupying
a situational negotiation of social identity
Ethnicity means identification with
and feeling part of, a cultural tradition and exclusion from…
An anthropological understanding of et…
any position, no matter what its prestige, that someone occup…
38 terms
Anthropology
ARDIPITHECUS
ARDIPITHECUS HABITAT
bipedalism benefits
australian Pithecus afarnsis
EARLIEST WIDELY ACCEPTED HOMININ GENUS, PELVIS GOOD FOR ARBOR…
HUMID WOODLAND, ADAPTATION DIDNT OCUR FOR SAVANNA ICCURED MUC…
ability to see over grass, carry things and reduce solar radi…
3 million years ago
ARDIPITHECUS
EARLIEST WIDELY ACCEPTED HOMININ GENUS, PELVIS GOOD FOR ARBOR…
ARDIPITHECUS HABITAT
HUMID WOODLAND, ADAPTATION DIDNT OCUR FOR SAVANNA ICCURED MUC…
100 terms
Anthropology
uniformitarianism
Humans, giraffes, and squirrels (yes,…
The Modern Synthesis
Retentions with no present function, w…
states that geological processes that operated in the past ar…
an example of a homologous trait AND a result of their shared…
(ALL OF THE ABOVE) a) united the theory of natural selection…
Vestigial Traits
uniformitarianism
states that geological processes that operated in the past ar…
Humans, giraffes, and squirrels (yes,…
an example of a homologous trait AND a result of their shared…
79 terms
Anthropology
Anthropology
Archaeology
Biocultural evolution
Binomial Nomenclature
It is the study of all aspects of human kind, biological, cul…
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
Biology makes culture possible and that developing culture fu…
A system for giving each organism a two-word scientific name…
Anthropology
It is the study of all aspects of human kind, biological, cul…
Archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
26 terms
Anthropology
Name 3 things all cultures have in com…
What is ethnocentrism?
Give an example of ethnocentrism.
Name 2 ways the environment affect cul…
a way to get food, religion, and government
Thinking your culture is best.
1. ) Thinking it is "weird" that other cultures cover their h…
the clothing people wear, food people eat, homes
Name 3 things all cultures have in com…
a way to get food, religion, and government
What is ethnocentrism?
Thinking your culture is best.
59 terms
Anthropology
• The difference between ethnography,…
• What does it mean when it says anthr…
• What are the similarities and differ…
• What is structural anthropology?
o Ethnology →The study of sociocultural differences and simil…
Encompassing past, present, and future; biology, society, lan…
o Similar... • They both have strong systems for doing fieldwork…
• Theory that all cultures have similar deep underlining patt…
• The difference between ethnography,…
o Ethnology →The study of sociocultural differences and simil…
• What does it mean when it says anthr…
Encompassing past, present, and future; biology, society, lan…
87 terms
Anthropology
What is an adaptive strategy?
What are the five adaptive strategies…
What is pastoral nomadism and transhum…
What is a mode of production?... What is…
Means of making a living: production system
Adaptive Strategies... Foraging -Hunting gathering Mobility use…
Pastoral nomadism: annual movement of entire pastoral group a…
Mode of production: the specific set of social relations thro…
What is an adaptive strategy?
Means of making a living: production system
What are the five adaptive strategies…
Adaptive Strategies... Foraging -Hunting gathering Mobility use…
53 terms
anthropology
which of the following is true?
which of the following statements is t…
Stratification and inequality became
India's recent economic transformation…
Class is rarely discussed in the United States and consequent…
income in the united states is even more unevenly distributed…
more pronounced in industrialized capitalist economies over r…
the development of new occupations and social mobility that a…
which of the following is true?
Class is rarely discussed in the United States and consequent…
which of the following statements is t…
income in the united states is even more unevenly distributed…
15 terms
Anthropology
Achieved Status
Ascribed Status
Agriculture
Alternatives to capitalism
A status that an individual achieves through hard work and de…
A status that an individual is born into
the production of food with mechanized tools... -was used in col…
communism and socialism
Achieved Status
A status that an individual achieves through hard work and de…
Ascribed Status
A status that an individual is born into
61 terms
Anthropology
The most unique charcteristic of the d…
How many subfields does anthropology h…
The excavation of material remains fro…
Which of the following is not a subfie…
good god
4
Historic Archaeology
Applied anthropology
The most unique charcteristic of the d…
good god
How many subfields does anthropology h…
4
81 terms
Anthropology
Mesopotamia
Elites
Men
SARGON
environment not good for farming. LONG HOT SUMMERS, COLD HARS…
used lavish displays and exotic goods to affirm prestige. LAV…
worked communally on projects like irrigation canals.
2334 BC BRINGS POWER TO AKKADIANS. SHORT PERIOD OF ECONOMIC P…
Mesopotamia
environment not good for farming. LONG HOT SUMMERS, COLD HARS…
Elites
used lavish displays and exotic goods to affirm prestige. LAV…
63 terms
Anthropology
Patrilocal
matrilocal
neolocal
ambilocal
newly wed moves with groom family.
newly wed moves with brides family.
couples start their own life
both families of couples
Patrilocal
newly wed moves with groom family.
matrilocal
newly wed moves with brides family.
98 terms
Anthropology
* Prerequisites for Natural Selection
Directional Selection
Stabilizing Selection
Factors for the Rate of Evolution
Four Prerequisites-... 1.) Reproduction... 2.) Heredity... 3.) Species…
Mode of natural selection where the extreme phenotypes are pr…
A type of natural selection in which genetic diversity decrea…
Three Factors:... 1.) Genetic Variation Between Variation... 2.)Sex…
* Prerequisites for Natural Selection
Four Prerequisites-... 1.) Reproduction... 2.) Heredity... 3.) Species…
Directional Selection
Mode of natural selection where the extreme phenotypes are pr…
Anthropology
Ethnography
Fieldwork
Participant Observation
Holism (Holistic Perspective)
Ethno=people graphy=write. Recorded descriptions of the custo…
An anthropologist's personal long-term experience with a spec…
research method in which anthropologists' fieldwork serve as…
aims to get an encompassing and complete view of humanity or…
Ethnography
Ethno=people graphy=write. Recorded descriptions of the custo…
Fieldwork
An anthropologist's personal long-term experience with a spec…
45 terms
Anthropology
Which of the following most accurately…
The focus of anthropology is
Anthropologists use the term "culture"…
The scientific method
the study of humankind in all of its forms
the study of how humans evolved from earlier forms
the genetically inherited behaviors practiced by a group of p…
involves empirical data collection and hypothesis testing
Which of the following most accurately…
the study of humankind in all of its forms
The focus of anthropology is
the study of how humans evolved from earlier forms
20 terms
Anthropology
agriculture
civilization
domesticate
forage
-large scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals or…
A society with cities, a central government, job specializati…
Adapting plants and animals from the wild for such uses as fo…
The act of searching for food and provisions
agriculture
-large scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals or…
civilization
A society with cities, a central government, job specializati…
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