How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "anthropology human variation"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "anthropology human variation"

14 terms
Anthropology Human Variation and Human Society
Human Variation
Acclimatization
Adaptation
Allen's Rule
The study of why human populations have many different charac…
Impermanent physical changes people make to adapt to their en…
Genetic changes that allow for people and animals to survive…
Rule that people whose ancestors came from colder areas have…
Human Variation
The study of why human populations have many different charac…
Acclimatization
Impermanent physical changes people make to adapt to their en…
12 terms
Human variation and forensic anthropology
Geographic subdivision
Branching evolution
Phenotype
Forensic Anthropology
races evolve in relative isolated in different locations
- common ancestor for all humans... - splitting of ancestral pop…
genes plus environments
Application of anthropological and osteological techniques to…
Geographic subdivision
races evolve in relative isolated in different locations
Branching evolution
- common ancestor for all humans... - splitting of ancestral pop…
30 terms
Anthropology Human Variation and Adaptation
Adaptation
Acclimatization
Bergmann's Rule
Allen's Rule
Genetic changes that make you better equipped to live in an e…
Physiological adjustments in individuals to environmental con…
Slenderer populations of a species inhabit the warmer parts o…
Body parts are shorter in cooler areas than in warmer areas
Adaptation
Genetic changes that make you better equipped to live in an e…
Acclimatization
Physiological adjustments in individuals to environmental con…
107 terms
Anthropology intro and racial and human variation
Beringa
Paleoindians
Clovis
Megafauna
ancient land bridge that connected russia to alaska, ancestor…
first people who settled in Americas
stone tools found near clovis, new mexico. Known for stones w…
big game
Beringa
ancient land bridge that connected russia to alaska, ancestor…
Paleoindians
first people who settled in Americas
Anthropology: Chapter 11 - Human Variation
3 processes of human variation:... 1). N…
3 processes of human variation:... 1). _…
3 processes of human variation:... 1). N…
3 categories of Natural Selection:... 1)…
Genetic Drift
Natural Selection
Gene Flow
Balancing Selection
3 processes of human variation:... 1). N…
Genetic Drift
3 processes of human variation:... 1). _…
Natural Selection
21 terms
Human Variation Anthropology Exam 2
Adaptation
Acclimatization
Clinal Adaptations
Skin Color
a functional response to environmental conditions in populati…
short term physiological response to environmental change, de…
gradual change in allele frequency over geographic space i.e.…
determined by genes that control production of carotene, hemo…
Adaptation
a functional response to environmental conditions in populati…
Acclimatization
short term physiological response to environmental change, de…
107 terms
Anthropology intro and racial and human variation
Beringa
Paleoindians
Clovis
Megafauna
ancient land bridge that connected russia to alaska, ancestor…
first people who settled in Americas
stone tools found near clovis, new mexico. Known for stones w…
big game
Beringa
ancient land bridge that connected russia to alaska, ancestor…
Paleoindians
first people who settled in Americas
16 terms
Introduction to Anthropology: Human Variation & Archaeology
Racial Classification
Clines
Race
Phenotypes
The attempt to assign humans to discrete categories based on…
gradual genetic shifts in groups of people, removes idea of r…
The idea that subspecies have been created through geographic…
an organisms evident traits, "manifest biology". AKA- skin co…
Racial Classification
The attempt to assign humans to discrete categories based on…
Clines
gradual genetic shifts in groups of people, removes idea of r…
36 terms
Second Test Anthropology-Human Variation
Subspecies
Population
Discrete Traits
Continuous Traits
Shares geographic range of species... Different phenotypic trait…
Geographically separated subsets of a species
-Tongue Rolling... -Tongue folding... -Thumb on top... -Hanging Earlobes
-Height... -Head Shape... -Nose Shape... -Torso Length
Subspecies
Shares geographic range of species... Different phenotypic trait…
Population
Geographically separated subsets of a species
19 terms
Anthropology (Chapter 6: Human Variation and Adaptation)
Allen's rule
Phenotypical adaptation
Thomson's nose rule
Bergmann's rule
Protruding body parts are bigger in warmer areas.
Adaptive biological changes during an individual lifetime.
Average nose length increases in cold areas.
Larger bodies found in colder areas and smaller bodies in war…
Allen's rule
Protruding body parts are bigger in warmer areas.
Phenotypical adaptation
Adaptive biological changes during an individual lifetime.
9 terms
Anthropology (Chapter 4- Human Variation & Adaptation)
Adaptation
Acclimatization
Bergmann's Rule
Allen's Rule
Genetic changes that allow and organism to survive and reprod…
Impermanent physiological changes that people make when they…
The rule that smaller-sized subpopulations of a species inhab…
The rule that protruding body parts, particularly the arms an…
Adaptation
Genetic changes that allow and organism to survive and reprod…
Acclimatization
Impermanent physiological changes that people make when they…
19 terms
Anthropology (Chapter 6: Human Variation and Adaptation)
Allen's rule
Phenotypical adaptation
Thomson's nose rule
Bergmann's rule
Protruding body parts are bigger in warmer areas.
Adaptive biological changes during an individual lifetime.
Average nose length increases in cold areas.
Larger bodies found in colder areas and smaller bodies in war…
Allen's rule
Protruding body parts are bigger in warmer areas.
Phenotypical adaptation
Adaptive biological changes during an individual lifetime.
10 terms
Physical Anthropology Ch. 12 Human Variation and Adaptation
Classification
Monogenic Traits
Discrete Distribution
Polygenic Traits
In biology, the ordering of organisms into categories, such a…
Traits that are influenced by alleles at only one locus
Mendelian or monogenic traits, coded for by one gene, fall in…
Traits that are influenced by genes at two or more loci
Classification
In biology, the ordering of organisms into categories, such a…
Monogenic Traits
Traits that are influenced by alleles at only one locus
13 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4: Human Variation and Adaptation
race
Racism
adaptation
Acclimation
in biology, race refers to sub population or variety of speci…
The belief, without scientific basis, that some "races" are i…
refers to genetic changes that allow an organism to survive a…
impermanent physiological changes that people make when they…
race
in biology, race refers to sub population or variety of speci…
Racism
The belief, without scientific basis, that some "races" are i…
31 terms
Anthropology 261: Race, Racism, and Human Variation
Mutation
Gene Flow
Genetic Drift
Norandom Mating
Alteration in an organism's DNA; generally has no effect or a…
the movment of alleles from one population to another. Occurs…
The chance alteration of gene frequencies in a small populati…
Occurs when one member of a population is not equally likely…
Mutation
Alteration in an organism's DNA; generally has no effect or a…
Gene Flow
the movment of alleles from one population to another. Occurs…
10 terms
Anthropology 1102 (chapter 6: Human Variation and Adaptation)
Racial Classification
Cline
Haplogroup
Melanin
Assigning humans to categories (purportedly) based on common…
Gradual shift in gene (allele) frequencies between neighborin…
Lineage or branch of a genetic tree marked by one or more spe…
"Natural sunscreen" produced by skin cells responsible for pi…
Racial Classification
Assigning humans to categories (purportedly) based on common…
Cline
Gradual shift in gene (allele) frequencies between neighborin…
17 terms
Chapter 15: Human Skeletal Variation and Forensic Anthropology
Forensic science
Forensic physical anthropology
Forensic anthropology
Taphonomy
is defined as the application of scientific methods to the law
is the application of physical anthropology to legal question…
can literally mean the application of any sub discipline of a…
anything that happens to a body after death.
Forensic science
is defined as the application of scientific methods to the law
Forensic physical anthropology
is the application of physical anthropology to legal question…
9 terms
Anthropology (Chapter 4- Human Variation & Adaptation)
Adaptation
Acclimatization
Bergmann's Rule
Allen's Rule
Genetic changes that allow and organism to survive and reprod…
Impermanent physiological changes that people make when they…
The rule that smaller-sized subpopulations of a species inhab…
The rule that protruding body parts, particularly the arms an…
Adaptation
Genetic changes that allow and organism to survive and reprod…
Acclimatization
Impermanent physiological changes that people make when they…
24 terms
Anthropology 162 Vocab Human Variation and Genetics
Genetics
Nucleus
Chromosome
Allele
Scientific study of biological heredity
"mind" of a cell
Set of paired bodies in the nucleus of cells that are made of…
Variation in a common expressed gene (ex. gene for eye color…
Genetics
Scientific study of biological heredity
Nucleus
"mind" of a cell
41 terms
Anthropology Chapter 4: Evolution, Genetics and Human Variation
Creationism
Catastrophism
Evolution
Uniformitariansim
Biological similarities and differences originated at creation.
Catastrophic events destroy species and then god creates agai…
Species arise from others through long periods of transformat…
States that the present is key to the past.
Creationism
Biological similarities and differences originated at creation.
Catastrophism
Catastrophic events destroy species and then god creates agai…
9 terms
Anthropology: Chapter 12: Human Variation and Adaptation
Biological determinism
Breeding Isolates
Ethnocentrism
Eugenics
The concept that phenomena, including various aspects of beha…
A population that is distinctly isolated geographically and/o…
Viewing other cultures from one's own culture perspective.
A former scientific discipline, now largely discredited, that…
Biological determinism
The concept that phenomena, including various aspects of beha…
Breeding Isolates
A population that is distinctly isolated geographically and/o…
Anthropology: Chapter 6- Human Variation and Adaptation
Racial classification
Cline
Haplogroup
Melanin
assigning humans to discrete categories (purportedly) based o…
gradual shift in gene (allele) frequencies between neighborin…
lineage of branch of genetic tree marked by one or more speci…
"natural sunscreen" produced by skin cells responsible for pi…
Racial classification
assigning humans to discrete categories (purportedly) based o…
Cline
gradual shift in gene (allele) frequencies between neighborin…
16 terms
Anthropology Final (Modern Human Variation & Adaption
Clinal Variation
Adaption
Acclimatization
Bargeman's Rule
Gradual change in a feature across geographic space
Long-term genetic changes in response to environment stressors
Physiological responses to changes in the environment that oc…
Cold climate = greater body mass ... Warm climate = greater body…
Clinal Variation
Gradual change in a feature across geographic space
Adaption
Long-term genetic changes in response to environment stressors
19 terms
Anthropology Exam 1 (Race and Human Variation)
Askenazi Jews (Eastern European)
PKU
Cystic Fibrosis
Afrikaners and porphyria variegata (ne…
-Greater likelyhood of Tay-Sachs (infantile developmental pro…
- Genetic disease more common in europeans (leads to mental r…
-More common outside of Africa and Asia (clogs lungs and stop…
-30,000 suffer, descended from one couple who arrived in the…
Askenazi Jews (Eastern European)
-Greater likelyhood of Tay-Sachs (infantile developmental pro…
PKU
- Genetic disease more common in europeans (leads to mental r…
28 terms
Anthropology 201- Chapter 3 The Biological Basis of Human Variation
Somatic/Body cells
Sex cells
Stem cells
Prokayotes
-differentiated into different tissues, organs... -diploid
-sperm and eggs/ova... -½ genetic material... -Gamete vs zygote
Not yet differentiated into any type of specialized cell
-single celled organisms... -appeared 3.7 BYA... -no nucleus
Somatic/Body cells
-differentiated into different tissues, organs... -diploid
Sex cells
-sperm and eggs/ova... -½ genetic material... -Gamete vs zygote
35 terms
Biological Anthropology Ch. 3: The Biological Basis of Human Variation
genes
locus
base
nucleotide
sequences of DNA that code for proteins
the location of a gene on a chromosome
a chemical making up part of DNA and RNA molecules. There are…
the basic structural unit of any DNA or RNA molecule, consist…
genes
sequences of DNA that code for proteins
locus
the location of a gene on a chromosome
36 terms
Anthropology 1000 Chapter 4: Evolution, Genetics, and Human Variation
James Ussher
Charles Lyell
Thomas Malthus
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
a. Age of the earth: 6000 years old because date of biblical…
a. Father of geology; author of Principles of Geology... b. Popu…
a. Wrote Essay on the Principles of Population - stating that…
a. Hypothesized that acquired traits are inherited by offspri…
James Ussher
a. Age of the earth: 6000 years old because date of biblical…
Charles Lyell
a. Father of geology; author of Principles of Geology... b. Popu…
Ch. 4 Anthropology Terms (Evolution, Genetics, & Human Variation)
Creationism
Evolution
Uniformitarianism
Theory
According to this, biological similarities and differences or…
The alternative to creationism and catastrophism, also called…
states that the present is the key to the past
A set of ideas formulated (by reasoning based on known facts)…
Creationism
According to this, biological similarities and differences or…
Evolution
The alternative to creationism and catastrophism, also called…
8 terms
Human Variation
Species
variation
Genetic
Inherited Variation
Used in the classification of living organisms, referring to…
Variation is the differences between individuals within a spe…
To do with inheritance because of genes.
Differences between individuals of a species due to their gen…
Species
Used in the classification of living organisms, referring to…
variation
Variation is the differences between individuals within a spe…
19 terms
Human Variation
Allele Frequencies
Population
Hardy Weinberg Model
Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium Model
the relative abundances of alleles of a given gene among all…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
the model stating that, if certain conditions are met, the fr…
theory of a stable, nonevolving population in which frequency…
Allele Frequencies
the relative abundances of alleles of a given gene among all…
Population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
33 terms
Human Variation
polytypic species
Theory of Great Chain of Being (Plato…
Biological Determinism (18/19th centur…
Eugenic movement:
Species that consist of a number of separate breeding populat…
- Everything in the universe has its place... - If it becomes di…
phenomena that things such as intelligence, values and morals…
forced sterilization of some groups, and increased reproducti…
polytypic species
Species that consist of a number of separate breeding populat…
Theory of Great Chain of Being (Plato…
- Everything in the universe has its place... - If it becomes di…
Human Variation
Acclimatization
Adaptations
Skin Color
Disease Adaptations ... Blood Polymorp…
physiological adjustments in individuals to environmental con…
genetic changes that effect fitness in a given environment
-variation exist among human populations ... -related to melanin…
Sickle Cell Anemia: when red cells don't form properly ... peopl…
Acclimatization
physiological adjustments in individuals to environmental con…
Adaptations
genetic changes that effect fitness in a given environment
human variation
Adaptations
Acclimatization
Skin Color
Disease adaptations
genetic changes that effect fitness in a given environment
physiological adjustments in individuals to environmental con…
variation exists among human populations... related to melanin p…
sickle cell anemia... blood polymorphism
Adaptations
genetic changes that effect fitness in a given environment
Acclimatization
physiological adjustments in individuals to environmental con…
Human Variation
Altitude
Skin Color
Rickets
Beaky nose (tall, thin)
developmental, larger lung, chest, heart, greater oxygen diff…
light at poles, darker at equator, light more threatened my c…
caused by low UVB
low humidity, european northern, desert people
Altitude
developmental, larger lung, chest, heart, greater oxygen diff…
Skin Color
light at poles, darker at equator, light more threatened my c…
16 terms
human variation
phenotype
genotype
allele
genetic adaptation
an organism's evident traits, its "manifest biology" - anatom…
an organisms hereditary makeup
biologically different forms of a given gene... Because of the r…
occurs across generation
phenotype
an organism's evident traits, its "manifest biology" - anatom…
genotype
an organisms hereditary makeup
55 terms
ANTHROPOLOGY 101: Introduction to Anthropology Unit 2: Genetics & Human Variation, University of Montana
Chromosome
DNA
Gene
Allele
Book- paired rod-shaped structure within a cell nucleus conta…
Book- Deoxyribonucleic acid; a two stranded molecule in the g…
Notes- A DNA sequence (on a chromosome) which codes for a par…
Notes- One of several versions of the same gene.... Book- One m…
Chromosome
Book- paired rod-shaped structure within a cell nucleus conta…
DNA
Book- Deoxyribonucleic acid; a two stranded molecule in the g…
17 terms
Human Variation
BioAnthro
How was diversity explained by Europea…
Social Darwinism
Eugenics
study on genetics and biological variations, examining the bi…
Races, stocks, and breeds of humans.
A social theory which states that the level a person rises to…
Control of mating to ensure that "defective" genes of trouble…
BioAnthro
study on genetics and biological variations, examining the bi…
How was diversity explained by Europea…
Races, stocks, and breeds of humans.
99 terms
human variation
What is a population adapted biologica…
Humans today all look ______ but ______
Differences in humans today are becaus…
What is physical characteristics also…
Neanderthal
alike, different
survival rate
Phenotypes
What is a population adapted biologica…
Neanderthal
Humans today all look ______ but ______
alike, different
Human Variation
Life History Theory
How is growth an example of human biol…
Unique aspects of human life cycle
Primate (and human*) life cycle
-An organism has a limited amount of energy for investment in…
-Growth is influenced by both genes and the environment,... -Dec…
-Longer period of offspring dependency,... -Helpless newborns,... -…
1. Prenatal,... 2. Infancy,... 3. Juvenile,... 4. Adolescent*,... 5. Adul…
Life History Theory
-An organism has a limited amount of energy for investment in…
How is growth an example of human biol…
-Growth is influenced by both genes and the environment,... -Dec…
8 terms
Human Variation
Define Phenotype
Define Genotype
What is an Allele?
What causes changes in both phenotypes…
An organisms evident traits (detectable or visible)
an organisms hereditary makeup (difficult to test) because of…
A biologically different form of a given gene
Natural Selection and Adaptation
Define Phenotype
An organisms evident traits (detectable or visible)
Define Genotype
an organisms hereditary makeup (difficult to test) because of…
Human Variation
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Phenotypic Variation
Population Level Variation
Short term... One species... Few generation
Long term... Emerging species... Geological time... Mutation, Gene Flo…
Observable characteristics
Evolutionary Processes, Environmental Conditions, Beliefs and…
Microevolution
Short term... One species... Few generation
Macroevolution
Long term... Emerging species... Geological time... Mutation, Gene Flo…
51 terms
Human Variation
Classification
adaptation
type
holotype
concerned with identifying and designating individual taxonom…
concerned with why we see the variation that we see- looks at…
identifying ideal form- what it is that makes a group
ideal form
Classification
concerned with identifying and designating individual taxonom…
adaptation
concerned with why we see the variation that we see- looks at…
8 terms
Human Variation
Endemic
Epidemic
Pandemic
zoonosis
A state in which infection levels are effectively constant wi…
A state in which new cases of a disease exceed the expected o…
An epidemic state exceeding over many populations
an infectious disease transmitted to humans through a non-hum…
Endemic
A state in which infection levels are effectively constant wi…
Epidemic
A state in which new cases of a disease exceed the expected o…
8 terms
Human Variation
Independent Segregation of Chromosomes
Crossing Over
Environment
Mutation
Each pair segregate during anaphase 1
Matching regions break off and reconnect with other chromosom…
Interaction of genotype with external environment
Any change of DNA in a cell during cell division or exposure…
Independent Segregation of Chromosomes
Each pair segregate during anaphase 1
Crossing Over
Matching regions break off and reconnect with other chromosom…
20 terms
Human Variation
Developmental Plasticity
Lewis Henry Morgan
Charles Davenport
Sample V. Population
phenotypic traits that are affected during development in res…
believed that human populations moved progressively through t…
believed that "racial" differences could be explained with si…
A population is a mental construct of a group of individuals.…
Developmental Plasticity
phenotypic traits that are affected during development in res…
Lewis Henry Morgan
believed that human populations moved progressively through t…
Human Variation
Bernier
"scala naturae"
Linneaus
Blumenbach
1684; new division of the earth; Europeans, Africans, Asians,…
ladder of nature; God put permanent nature on Earth
great classifier, "varieties" & "wild men"; based on geograph…
father of physical anthropology & founder of racial classific…
Bernier
1684; new division of the earth; Europeans, Africans, Asians,…
"scala naturae"
ladder of nature; God put permanent nature on Earth
76 terms
Human Variation
Variation can occur _____ and ______ p…
Which is more studied on a global basi…
What is the one thing that people don'…
Classification vs. Adaptation
within and across
Physical
Biology
Classifying is fitting into neat little boxes and identifying…
Variation can occur _____ and ______ p…
within and across
Which is more studied on a global basi…
Physical
54 terms
Human Variation
Anthropology
Biocultural evolution
Carolus Linneaus
Cephalic Index
Holistic science that investigates human biological and cultu…
Biology and culture interact to influence human evolution and…
systema naturae (1806), binomial classification, taxonomy, fi…
cranial breadth as a fraction of cranial length
Anthropology
Holistic science that investigates human biological and cultu…
Biocultural evolution
Biology and culture interact to influence human evolution and…
8 terms
human variation
*Human variation caused by both geneti…
phenotype
cline
lactose absorption
...
the observable or detectable physical characteristics of an o…
a gradation in one or more characteristics within a species o…
natural selection
*Human variation caused by both geneti…
...
phenotype
the observable or detectable physical characteristics of an o…
15 terms
Human Variation
Race
Biological population
Monogenism
Polygenism
Defines populations by similar characteristics, not valid bio…
Within a species, a community of individuals where mates are…
Single creation + common origin
Multiple origins of different groups ('races')
Race
Defines populations by similar characteristics, not valid bio…
Biological population
Within a species, a community of individuals where mates are…
1 of 10