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Study sets matching "anxiety"

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Study sets matching "anxiety"

Anxiety
Anxiety
Physiology of Stress
Amygdala
Relaxation Breathing
An emotional state of high energy, with the stress response a…
1. Amygdal... -sympathetic nervous system becomes activated duri…
A brain structure that serves a vital role in our learning to…
relaxation strategy that involves the primary use of the diap…
Anxiety
An emotional state of high energy, with the stress response a…
Physiology of Stress
1. Amygdal... -sympathetic nervous system becomes activated duri…
40 terms
Anxiety
Associated with fear learning/cognition
Involved in emotion processing/regulat…
Anxiety Pathology
Anti-anxiety neurotransmitter
amygdala
prefrontal cortex
Amygdala hyperactivity... PFC hypoactivity
serotonin
Associated with fear learning/cognition
amygdala
Involved in emotion processing/regulat…
prefrontal cortex
35 terms
Anxiety
What makes a disorder?
Autonomy
Intensity
Behavior
Autonomy... Intensity... Duration... Behavior
Happens when it should not
Worse than it should be
Mal adaptive result of pathologic anxiety
What makes a disorder?
Autonomy... Intensity... Duration... Behavior
Autonomy
Happens when it should not
9 terms
Anxiety
job interviews
public speaking
cramming
taking a test
job interviews
public speaking
39 terms
Anxiety
Amygdala activation
Physiology of Stress
Neurotransmitters in Anxiety
psychotherapy for anxiety
Causes CRF release from hypothalamus -> ACTH release from pit…
incoming info to thalamus (somatosensory, unconsious and info…
monoamine NT (synthed in brainstem, radiate though limbic and…
Conscious re-evaluation of experience, remembered threat (psy…
Amygdala activation
Causes CRF release from hypothalamus -> ACTH release from pit…
Physiology of Stress
incoming info to thalamus (somatosensory, unconsious and info…
10 terms
Anxiety
Clomipramine
Fluvoxamine
Cross tolerant
non-cross tolerant
for obsessive compulsive disorder, tricyclic antidepressant.…
for obsessive compulsive disorder
Barbituates, benzodiapines, meprobamates, ethanol, cloral hyd…
Buspirone
Clomipramine
for obsessive compulsive disorder, tricyclic antidepressant.…
Fluvoxamine
for obsessive compulsive disorder
24 terms
Anxiety
State of apprehension, dread, uneasine…
Perceptual fields greatly reduced, lea…
Sympathetic nervous system is aroused…
Severe emotional distress is experienc…
Anxiety
Cognitive and perceptual responses for anxiety
Physiological response of anxiety
Emotional response of anxiety
State of apprehension, dread, uneasine…
Anxiety
Perceptual fields greatly reduced, lea…
Cognitive and perceptual responses for anxiety
31 terms
Anxiety
Objectives
Fear and Anxiety
anxiety disorder occurs when
Conditioning
Distinguish between "normal" anxiety, anxiety symptoms and an…
Fear is an the response to real or perceived imminent threat…
When fear is greater than warranted... Occurs in inappropriate s…
Some situations can condition a trigger of anxiety for some p…
Objectives
Distinguish between "normal" anxiety, anxiety symptoms and an…
Fear and Anxiety
Fear is an the response to real or perceived imminent threat…
8 terms
Anxiety
Use the DSM criteria to diagnose and c…
Recognize possible secondary etiologie…
Provide appropriate non-pharmacologic…
Compare and contrast the pharmacology,…
...
...
...
...
Use the DSM criteria to diagnose and c…
...
Recognize possible secondary etiologie…
...
68 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Depression
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
OCD, PTSD
This disorder is associated with hyperthyroidism and *lack…
This disorder is associated with hypothyroidism *lack of Do…
Buspirone ONLY works for this type of anxiety disorder.
Benzodiazepines should be AVOIDED in the treatment of the…
Anxiety
This disorder is associated with hyperthyroidism and *lack…
Depression
This disorder is associated with hypothyroidism *lack of Do…
59 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety def and effect on self
Nurses Role in Stress
Mild Anxiety
Moderate Anxiety
-uneasiness, extreme discomfort, dread, worry from a real or…
-assess and ID anxiety... -diagnostic tests to rule out other di…
motivator to take action... promotes learning
alert with narrowed perceptual fields, ability to shut out pe…
Anxiety def and effect on self
-uneasiness, extreme discomfort, dread, worry from a real or…
Nurses Role in Stress
-assess and ID anxiety... -diagnostic tests to rule out other di…
60 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Risks for anxiety disorders
Biological aspects
Psychodynamic Theory
*State of apprehension, fear. ... *Psychological distress.... *Subj…
Women: twice risk (except for OCD)... Age: phobias, OCD, separat…
Increased level of norepinephrine... Increase in blood lactate... G…
Critical parents, low self-esteem, developmental delay of ego…
Anxiety
*State of apprehension, fear. ... *Psychological distress.... *Subj…
Risks for anxiety disorders
Women: twice risk (except for OCD)... Age: phobias, OCD, separat…
33 terms
[ANXIETY]
[DRUGS] that Commonly Cause [ANXIETY]
[MEDICAL CONDITIONS] that CAUSE [ANXIE…
[ANXIETY]: *[GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISOR…
[GAD]: [NON-PHARM]
-------------------------------------------------------------…
1. [CHRONIC][MEDICAL ILLNESS]... -----------------------------…
-------------------------------------------------------------…
1. [PSYCHOEDUCATION]... 2. [SHORT-TERM][COUNDELING]... *3. [STR…
[DRUGS] that Commonly Cause [ANXIETY]
-------------------------------------------------------------…
[MEDICAL CONDITIONS] that CAUSE [ANXIE…
1. [CHRONIC][MEDICAL ILLNESS]... -----------------------------…
20 terms
Anxiety
daunted
waver
take a Crack at
jittery
feeling anxious intimidated or discouraged
to go back and forth between alternatives
give something a try; attempt to do something
anxious; jumpy
daunted
feeling anxious intimidated or discouraged
waver
to go back and forth between alternatives
76 terms
Anxiety
Anti-depressants used for OCD
Clomipramine moa... 2
Clomipramine ... 1. side effects... 2. uni…
FluVoxamine (SSRI) unique features... 2
1. Clomipramide... 2. FluVoxamine
3 TCA & SSRI
1. both from 3 TCA & SSRI... 2. seizures (BAM-C)... 3. OCD
1. Potent CYP1A2... 2. NO active metabolite
Anti-depressants used for OCD
1. Clomipramide... 2. FluVoxamine
Clomipramine moa... 2
3 TCA & SSRI
11 terms
Anxiety
Barbiturates Prototype
Barbituric Acid... (becomes negative ion…
Benzodiazepine Prototype
Midazolam (Benzo)
Barbiturates Prototype
Barbituric Acid... (becomes negative ion…
36 terms
Anxiety
A fundamental human emotion that produ…
An intense emotion experienced in resp…
Fear or anxiety symptoms that interfer…
Model developed to explain the cause o…
Anxiety
Fear
Anxiety Disorder
Etiological Model
A fundamental human emotion that produ…
Anxiety
An intense emotion experienced in resp…
Fear
28 terms
Anxiety
autonomic effects of anx
two major components of anx
Abnormal anx
anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
interferes with normal social or occupational functioning
physiological, protective response to real or potential threa…
autonomic effects of anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
two major components of anx
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
28 terms
Anxiety
autonomic effects of anx
two major components of anx
Abnormal anx
anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
interferes with normal social or occupational functioning
physiological, protective response to real or potential threa…
autonomic effects of anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
two major components of anx
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
55 terms
Anxiety
anxiety
Fear
is anxiety common
Acute Anxiety (Bad anxiety)
Feeling of apprehension or dread resulting from a real or per…
Reaction to specific danger... Preparing for flight or fight and…
Most prevalent lifetime psychiatric disorder in the US... 1 out…
Precipitated by loss or change... Normal and expected
anxiety
Feeling of apprehension or dread resulting from a real or per…
Fear
Reaction to specific danger... Preparing for flight or fight and…
19 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Anxiety Disorder
Mild or moderate anxiety acts as?
Sometimes, fear or anxiety occurs even…
A fundamental human emotion that produces bodily reactions th…
Fear or anxiety symptoms that interfere with an individual's…
A safeguard to keep us from ignoring danger.
No danger is present, resulting in an anxiety disorder.
Anxiety
A fundamental human emotion that produces bodily reactions th…
Anxiety Disorder
Fear or anxiety symptoms that interfere with an individual's…
26 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Predisposing factors
Ego defensives
Precip stressros
A vague sense of apprehension accompanied by feelings of unce…
Bio - gen health, apa axis, NT... Psych - esteem, efficacy, resi…
Repress, suppress, regress... project, displace, deny... reaction f…
Trauma - seeing/happening ... Threats to phsyical being ... Threats…
Anxiety
A vague sense of apprehension accompanied by feelings of unce…
Predisposing factors
Bio - gen health, apa axis, NT... Psych - esteem, efficacy, resi…
27 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Cognitive Anxiety
Somatic Anxiety
Multidimensional Framework: Two compon…
A blend of physiological and psychological activation of an i…
Concerns or worries that reduce ability to focus of concentrate
Physiological and effective elements that develop directly fr…
Cognitive Anxiety & Somatic Anxiety
Anxiety
A blend of physiological and psychological activation of an i…
Cognitive Anxiety
Concerns or worries that reduce ability to focus of concentrate
22 terms
anxiety
norep. anxiety
cortiosol anxiety
serotoninanxiety
gaba anxiety
increased
increased
decreaed
decreased
norep. anxiety
increased
cortiosol anxiety
increased
190 terms
Anxiety
Process of Anxiety?
What are some non-medication ways to d…
What can happen if a patient with anxi…
Anxiety is a _______ cycle?
1. Thoughts ("now i'm really in danger.")... 2. Feel Bodily Symp…
Defense Mechanisms... Coping Behaviors... Spiritual/Cultural/Social…
Increase Anxiety... Difficulty Coping... Extreme Use of Defenses... Ex…
Viscous
Process of Anxiety?
1. Thoughts ("now i'm really in danger.")... 2. Feel Bodily Symp…
What are some non-medication ways to d…
Defense Mechanisms... Coping Behaviors... Spiritual/Cultural/Social…
14 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety Txt
Escitalopram (SSRI) - Pristig... Duloxeti…
Quetiapine (Seroquel)
BZD list
SSRI - SNRI = half dose depression... BZD and 2nd line for sxmat…
GAD only... GAD only... GAD - SAD (Social) - PD (Panic)
EPS - neuroleptic malignant - weigh
Lora-zepam - (Antivan) - LOT - sleep 1 mg tid... Alpra-zolam - (…
Anxiety Txt
SSRI - SNRI = half dose depression... BZD and 2nd line for sxmat…
Escitalopram (SSRI) - Pristig... Duloxeti…
GAD only... GAD only... GAD - SAD (Social) - PD (Panic)
36 terms
Anxiety
Fear vs. Anxiety
Fear vs. Anxiety vs. Depression Diagram
Fear Response: Corticol and Subcortica…
What are the three common fear reactio…
- Fear = current. It is the emotional response to real or per…
- depression as outlined in this figure is similar to the lea…
- Cortical and subcortical pathways in the brain bring about…
- Flight/flight response... - freeze response
Fear vs. Anxiety
- Fear = current. It is the emotional response to real or per…
Fear vs. Anxiety vs. Depression Diagram
- depression as outlined in this figure is similar to the lea…
28 terms
Anxiety
autonomic effects of anx
two major components of anx
Abnormal anx
anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
interferes with normal social or occupational functioning
physiological, protective response to real or potential threa…
autonomic effects of anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
two major components of anx
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
23 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Levels of anxiety
Mild anxiety
Moderate anxiety
Fearful concern or interest
Mild... Moderate... Severe... Panic
Normal... Leads to effective problem solving... Little uncomfortab…
Tunnel vision... Problem solving decreases... Tension, +HR/RR, swe…
Anxiety
Fearful concern or interest
Levels of anxiety
Mild... Moderate... Severe... Panic
37 terms
anxiety
how does anxiety start?
when you get anxiety you do relieving…
if you are effective with your relievi…
if you are UN-effective with you relie…
starts with stress!... physical... psychological... biochemical (real…
-defense mechanisms... -coping behaviors... -spiritual/cultural/soc…
anxiety decreases
anxiety increases... difficulty coping... extreme use of defense or…
how does anxiety start?
starts with stress!... physical... psychological... biochemical (real…
when you get anxiety you do relieving…
-defense mechanisms... -coping behaviors... -spiritual/cultural/soc…
10 terms
Anxiety
Pharmacology... Benzos MOA
Pharmacology long term
Anxiety... Differential Diagnosis
Fight/Flight... Biologic response
Enhance inhibition of GABA on neuron. Hyperpolarization.... Clon…
Oxcarbazepine... Divalproex... Buspirone-caution with MAOI and Hald…
Factors to rule out organic causes of anxiety ... -Onset of symp…
1. Hypothalamus stimulated the sympathetic NS (limbic)... 2. SNS…
Pharmacology... Benzos MOA
Enhance inhibition of GABA on neuron. Hyperpolarization.... Clon…
Pharmacology long term
Oxcarbazepine... Divalproex... Buspirone-caution with MAOI and Hald…
22 terms
anxiety
separation
separation
separation
separation
recurrent, excessive distress when anticipate or experience s…
excessive worry about losing major attachment figures or abou…
excessive worry about experiencing an untoward even (ie getti…
persistent reluctance or refusal to go out, away from home, t…
separation
recurrent, excessive distress when anticipate or experience s…
separation
excessive worry about losing major attachment figures or abou…
41 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety disorders... 3
Anxiety RELATED disorders... 2
ALL anxieties Risk factors... 5
Anxiety pathophysiology... an activation…
1. Generalized anxiety... 2. Social anxiety... 3. Panic attacks
1. OCD... 2. PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder)
1. genetics... 2. gender... 3. ⤵ economic status... 4. recent stres…
...
Anxiety disorders... 3
1. Generalized anxiety... 2. Social anxiety... 3. Panic attacks
Anxiety RELATED disorders... 2
1. OCD... 2. PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder)
23 terms
Anxiety
reexperiencing, avoidance, hyperarousal
1
3
2
types of symptoms of PTSD
at least (how many?) reexperiencing symptom(s)
at least (how many?) avoidance symptom(s)
at least (how many?) hyperarousal symptom(s)
reexperiencing, avoidance, hyperarousal
types of symptoms of PTSD
1
at least (how many?) reexperiencing symptom(s)
32 terms
anxiety
anxiety
anxious
depression
miserable
niepokój, lęk, obawa
niespokojny, zatroskany
depresja, przygnebienie
nieszczęśliwy,
anxiety
niepokój, lęk, obawa
anxious
niespokojny, zatroskany
42 terms
anxiety
glutamate (excite/inhibitor)
GABA (excite/inhibitor)
can hypothroidism or hyperthroidism ca…
GAD def
excite
inhibitor
hyperthroidism
excessive and inapproprite worrying that persistent (>2mon) a…
glutamate (excite/inhibitor)
excite
GABA (excite/inhibitor)
inhibitor
35 terms
Anxiety
4 Risk factors for social anxiety diso…
How long do symptoms (fears) need to l…
Nonpharm: What is first line for SAD t…
Pharm: What is 1st line for SAD treatm…
- female... - temperament... - genetic/physiological... - environmental
at least 6 months
CBT ~8-15 sessions
SSRI... - no superior agent
4 Risk factors for social anxiety diso…
- female... - temperament... - genetic/physiological... - environmental
How long do symptoms (fears) need to l…
at least 6 months
21 terms
Anxiety
Negative affect on recall
Pychologist
Experiment
Deesign
-
Johnson and Scott
Lab
Independent groups
Negative affect on recall
-
Pychologist
Johnson and Scott
67 terms
Anxiety
Compare normal anxiety with pathologic…
What are five drug classes to treat an…
What is the mechanism of action for be…
What are the two different subtypes of…
The general symptoms are increased muscle tone, autonomic ner…
These are basically an allosteric agonist for GABA-A.. they "…
Compare normal anxiety with pathologic…
The general symptoms are increased muscle tone, autonomic ner…
What are five drug classes to treat an…
7 terms
Anxiety
Concept of anxiety
Impact on functioning
Levels of anxiety
Mild anxiety
- is it out of proportion to the event... - e.g. 15 Q quiz comin…
- can be positive or negative... - one person may study more whi…
- Peplau... - think in terms of escalation cycle: where are they…
- positive burst of energy/motivation... - can grasp new informa…
Concept of anxiety
- is it out of proportion to the event... - e.g. 15 Q quiz comin…
Impact on functioning
- can be positive or negative... - one person may study more whi…
8 terms
ANXIETY
What is the mechanism of action of the…
When dispensing a benzodiazepine, whic…
The use of benzodiazepines in pregnanc…
The buspirone dose must be lowered wit…
They potentiate GABA, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, resulti…
Controlled substance-dangerous unless used as directed, do no…
Cleft lip/palate, and floppy infant syndrome if taken prior t…
Grapefruit ... Verapamil... Diltiazem
What is the mechanism of action of the…
They potentiate GABA, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, resulti…
When dispensing a benzodiazepine, whic…
Controlled substance-dangerous unless used as directed, do no…
24 terms
Anxiety
anxiety
fear
panic attack
situationally bound, or cued, panic at…
mood state characterized by marked negative affect and bodily…
Emotion of an immediate alarm reaction to present danger or l…
Abrupt experience of intense fear or discomfort accompanied b…
Panic attack for which the triggering circumstances are known…
anxiety
mood state characterized by marked negative affect and bodily…
fear
Emotion of an immediate alarm reaction to present danger or l…
43 terms
Anxiety
Possible pathophysiology of anxiety
what can happen from prolonged anxiety
pharmacotherapy for anxiety
Psychotherapy
excess NE... Deficiency of gamma... role of serotonin
acid reflux... allergy... backache... asthma... fatigue... migrains
anti-depressants... anxiolytics... beta blockers... mood stabilizers
Cognitive Behavior Therapy... teaching patients ways to contro…
Possible pathophysiology of anxiety
excess NE... Deficiency of gamma... role of serotonin
what can happen from prolonged anxiety
acid reflux... allergy... backache... asthma... fatigue... migrains
21 terms
Anxiety
what is fear?
what is anxiety?
what is panic?
anxiety has generally a CNS/ANS compon…
the emotional response to real or perceived imminent threat
anticipation of future threat
abrupt surge of intense fear and/or discomfort
both CNS and ANS
what is fear?
the emotional response to real or perceived imminent threat
what is anxiety?
anticipation of future threat
19 terms
Anxiety
Triazolam
Midazolam
Lorazepam
Alprazolam
short acting - benzo
short acting- benzo
intermediate acting- benzo
intermediate acting- benzo
Triazolam
short acting - benzo
Midazolam
short acting- benzo
26 terms
Anxiety
What is anxiety ?
What are the common anxiety disorders ?
What are panic attacks ?
What are symptoms of panic attacks
a vague ,unpleasant emotion which... reflects apprehension, dist…
Common Anxiety Disorders... - Panicdisorder... - Agoraphobia... - Obse…
sudden feeling of intense terror that occurs without warning
- Palpitations, pounding heart, sweating, chills or hot... flush…
What is anxiety ?
a vague ,unpleasant emotion which... reflects apprehension, dist…
What are the common anxiety disorders ?
Common Anxiety Disorders... - Panicdisorder... - Agoraphobia... - Obse…
78 terms
Anxiety
Is anxiety normal?
4 Criteria Distinguishing Pathologic A…
Anxiety is a
Are fear and anxiety the same?
yes it is an expected, normal and transient response to stress
- autonomy: no trigger... - intensity: pt can't bear it... - durati…
diffuse sensation of apprehension accompanied by palpitations…
no fear is a sense of dread that occurs in response to an ext…
Is anxiety normal?
yes it is an expected, normal and transient response to stress
4 Criteria Distinguishing Pathologic A…
- autonomy: no trigger... - intensity: pt can't bear it... - durati…
57 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety can be caused by dysregulation…
What are some anxiety disorder?
What is general treatment approach?
What are 2 subsets of anxiety type sym…
1. NE, Gluatmate (locus ceruleus)... 2. 5HT... 3. GABA
1. Panic attack.... - Isolated event. ... - Last 10-20 mins... 2. Pani…
Psychotherapy + pharmacotherapy.
1. Psychological symptoms... -Constant worry, thoughts of persis…
Anxiety can be caused by dysregulation…
1. NE, Gluatmate (locus ceruleus)... 2. 5HT... 3. GABA
What are some anxiety disorder?
1. Panic attack.... - Isolated event. ... - Last 10-20 mins... 2. Pani…
anxiety
anxiety disorders: DSM 5 classifications
generalized anxiety disorder diagnosti…
GAD: anxiety and worry associated with
GAD: s&s
generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)... panic disorder (PD)... social…
excessive anxiety and worry... -more days than not for 6mo aroun…
restlessness... easily fatigued... difficulty concentrating... irritab…
psychological and cognitive sx... physical... impairment
anxiety disorders: DSM 5 classifications
generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)... panic disorder (PD)... social…
generalized anxiety disorder diagnosti…
excessive anxiety and worry... -more days than not for 6mo aroun…
Anxiety
What is anxiety?
Anxiety Epidemiology
Which gender does anxiety affect more?…
Co-morbidities Assoc. w/ Anxiety
Vague... Subjective... Nonspecific... Uneasiness, tension, dread... No id…
- 10-25% population... - $42.3 billion annual cost to US economy…
- Female > Male... - Affects ages across the life span, however…
***Co-morbidity with depression! ... - 20-65% of those with anxi…
What is anxiety?
Vague... Subjective... Nonspecific... Uneasiness, tension, dread... No id…
Anxiety Epidemiology
- 10-25% population... - $42.3 billion annual cost to US economy…
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