Study sets matching "anxiety"

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Study sets matching "anxiety"

Anxiety
Anxiety
Physiology of Stress
Amygdala
Relaxation Breathing
An emotional state of high energy, with the stress response a…
1. Amygdal... -sympathetic nervous system becomes activated duri…
A brain structure that serves a vital role in our learning to…
relaxation strategy that involves the primary use of the diap…
Anxiety
An emotional state of high energy, with the stress response a…
Physiology of Stress
1. Amygdal... -sympathetic nervous system becomes activated duri…
39 terms
Anxiety
Amygdala activation
Physiology of Stress
Neurotransmitters in Anxiety
psychotherapy for anxiety
Causes CRF release from hypothalamus -> ACTH release from pit…
incoming info to thalamus (somatosensory, unconsious and info…
monoamine NT (synthed in brainstem, radiate though limbic and…
Conscious re-evaluation of experience, remembered threat (psy…
Amygdala activation
Causes CRF release from hypothalamus -> ACTH release from pit…
Physiology of Stress
incoming info to thalamus (somatosensory, unconsious and info…
9 terms
Anxiety
job interviews
public speaking
cramming
taking a test
job interviews
public speaking
Anxiety
Objectives
Fear and Anxiety
anxiety disorder occurs when
Conditioning
Distinguish between "normal" anxiety, anxiety symptoms and an…
Fear is an the response to real or perceived imminent threat…
When fear is greater than warranted... Occurs in inappropriate s…
Some situations can condition a trigger of anxiety for some p…
Objectives
Distinguish between "normal" anxiety, anxiety symptoms and an…
Fear and Anxiety
Fear is an the response to real or perceived imminent threat…
36 terms
Anxiety
A fundamental human emotion that produ…
An intense emotion experienced in resp…
Fear or anxiety symptoms that interfer…
Model developed to explain the cause o…
Anxiety
Fear
Anxiety Disorder
Etiological Model
A fundamental human emotion that produ…
Anxiety
An intense emotion experienced in resp…
Fear
28 terms
Anxiety
autonomic effects of anx
two major components of anx
Abnormal anx
anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
interferes with normal social or occupational functioning
physiological, protective response to real or potential threa…
autonomic effects of anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
two major components of anx
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
68 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Depression
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
OCD, PTSD
This disorder is associated with hyperthyroidism and *lack…
This disorder is associated with hypothyroidism *lack of Do…
Buspirone ONLY works for this type of anxiety disorder.
Benzodiazepines should be AVOIDED in the treatment of the…
Anxiety
This disorder is associated with hyperthyroidism and *lack…
Depression
This disorder is associated with hypothyroidism *lack of Do…
Anxiety
Anxiety def and effect on self
Nurses Role in Stress
Mild Anxiety
Moderate Anxiety
-uneasiness, extreme discomfort, dread, worry from a real or…
-assess and ID anxiety... -diagnostic tests to rule out other di…
motivator to take action... promotes learning
alert with narrowed perceptual fields, ability to shut out pe…
Anxiety def and effect on self
-uneasiness, extreme discomfort, dread, worry from a real or…
Nurses Role in Stress
-assess and ID anxiety... -diagnostic tests to rule out other di…
Anxiety
autonomic effects of anx
two major components of anx
Abnormal anx
anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
interferes with normal social or occupational functioning
physiological, protective response to real or potential threa…
autonomic effects of anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
two major components of anx
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
19 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Anxiety Disorder
Mild or moderate anxiety acts as?
Sometimes, fear or anxiety occurs even…
A fundamental human emotion that produces bodily reactions th…
Fear or anxiety symptoms that interfere with an individual's…
A safeguard to keep us from ignoring danger.
No danger is present, resulting in an anxiety disorder.
Anxiety
A fundamental human emotion that produces bodily reactions th…
Anxiety Disorder
Fear or anxiety symptoms that interfere with an individual's…
28 terms
Anxiety
autonomic effects of anx
two major components of anx
Abnormal anx
anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
interferes with normal social or occupational functioning
physiological, protective response to real or potential threa…
autonomic effects of anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
two major components of anx
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
Anxiety
Process of Anxiety?
What are some non-medication ways to d…
What can happen if a patient with anxi…
Anxiety is a _______ cycle?
1. Thoughts ("now i'm really in danger.")... 2. Feel Bodily Symp…
Defense Mechanisms... Coping Behaviors... Spiritual/Cultural/Social…
Increase Anxiety... Difficulty Coping... Extreme Use of Defenses... Ex…
Viscous
Process of Anxiety?
1. Thoughts ("now i'm really in danger.")... 2. Feel Bodily Symp…
What are some non-medication ways to d…
Defense Mechanisms... Coping Behaviors... Spiritual/Cultural/Social…
36 terms
Anxiety
Fear vs. Anxiety
Fear vs. Anxiety vs. Depression Diagram
Fear Response: Corticol and Subcortica…
What are the three common fear reactio…
- Fear = current. It is the emotional response to real or per…
- depression as outlined in this figure is similar to the lea…
- Cortical and subcortical pathways in the brain bring about…
- Flight/flight response... - freeze response
Fear vs. Anxiety
- Fear = current. It is the emotional response to real or per…
Fear vs. Anxiety vs. Depression Diagram
- depression as outlined in this figure is similar to the lea…
Anxiety
Feeling of worry, nervousness, or unea…
What Is The Most Common Mental Illness…
What Can YOU Do To Reduce YOUR Stress?…
What can anxiety affect in your life?
Anxiety
Anxiety
Finish homework earlier so you can sleep, relax, take deep br…
School work, relationships, sleep, sports, and more.
Feeling of worry, nervousness, or unea…
Anxiety
What Is The Most Common Mental Illness…
Anxiety
11 terms
Anxiety
Barbiturates Prototype
Barbituric Acid... (becomes negative ion…
Benzodiazepine Prototype
Midazolam (Benzo)
Barbiturates Prototype
Barbituric Acid... (becomes negative ion…
anxiety
how does anxiety start?
when you get anxiety you do relieving…
if you are effective with your relievi…
if you are UN-effective with you relie…
starts with stress!... physical... psychological... biochemical (real…
-defense mechanisms... -coping behaviors... -spiritual/cultural/soc…
anxiety decreases
anxiety increases... difficulty coping... extreme use of defense or…
how does anxiety start?
starts with stress!... physical... psychological... biochemical (real…
when you get anxiety you do relieving…
-defense mechanisms... -coping behaviors... -spiritual/cultural/soc…
5 terms
Anxiety
Symptoms of anxiety
What causes anxiety
How does GABAa receptor effect anxiety…
Drugs used to treat anxiety, MOA and s…
Physiological - activates sympathetic nervous system ... cogniti…
Shift in balance of of CNS neurotransmitter leading to over e…
The binding of GABA alters the shape of the central pore of t…
Benzodiazapines ... MOA - They increase the frequency of chlorid…
Symptoms of anxiety
Physiological - activates sympathetic nervous system ... cogniti…
What causes anxiety
Shift in balance of of CNS neurotransmitter leading to over e…
67 terms
Anxiety
Compare normal anxiety with pathologic…
What are five drug classes to treat an…
What is the mechanism of action for be…
What are the two different subtypes of…
The general symptoms are increased muscle tone, autonomic ner…
These are basically an allosteric agonist for GABA-A.. they "…
Compare normal anxiety with pathologic…
The general symptoms are increased muscle tone, autonomic ner…
What are five drug classes to treat an…
Anxiety
what is fear?
what is anxiety?
what is panic?
anxiety has generally a CNS/ANS compon…
the emotional response to real or perceived imminent threat
anticipation of future threat
abrupt surge of intense fear and/or discomfort
both CNS and ANS
what is fear?
the emotional response to real or perceived imminent threat
what is anxiety?
anticipation of future threat
26 terms
Anxiety
What is anxiety ?
What are the common anxiety disorders ?
What are panic attacks ?
What are symptoms of panic attacks
a vague ,unpleasant emotion which... reflects apprehension, dist…
Common Anxiety Disorders... - Panicdisorder... - Agoraphobia... - Obse…
sudden feeling of intense terror that occurs without warning
- Palpitations, pounding heart, sweating, chills or hot... flush…
What is anxiety ?
a vague ,unpleasant emotion which... reflects apprehension, dist…
What are the common anxiety disorders ?
Common Anxiety Disorders... - Panicdisorder... - Agoraphobia... - Obse…
Anxiety Disorders
Symptoms of Anxiety
Panic Disorder
Phobia
agoraphobia
Persistent and uncontrollable tenseness and apprehension. Com…
Episodes of intense dread: feelings of terror, chest pains, c…
persistent or irrational fear of an object or situation that…
phobia of open places
Symptoms of Anxiety
Persistent and uncontrollable tenseness and apprehension. Com…
Panic Disorder
Episodes of intense dread: feelings of terror, chest pains, c…
31 terms
Anxiety Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety
Symptoms of Anxiety
Cognitive symptoms
Behavioral symptoms
- a state of apprehension and psychic tension. ... - is a normal…
Symptoms in various domains: ... Somatic: increase HR, sweating.…
"I am going to die"... "I am losing control"... "I am going crazy"…
(Avoidance)^3... - other behaviors to reduce anxiety such as sub…
Anxiety
- a state of apprehension and psychic tension. ... - is a normal…
Symptoms of Anxiety
Symptoms in various domains: ... Somatic: increase HR, sweating.…
35 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Pathogenesis of Symptoms of Anxiety Di…
Cortisol related to chronic disorder o…
Stress effects on hippocampus
-Women with excessive worrying, >6 months... 3/6 of:... -Restless…
-Dysregulation of limbic system... -Emotion, learning and memory…
-Acutely, negative feedback to hippocampus will turn off cort…
1) Loss of hippocampal plasticity and remodeling... 2) Interfere…
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
-Women with excessive worrying, >6 months... 3/6 of:... -Restless…
Pathogenesis of Symptoms of Anxiety Di…
-Dysregulation of limbic system... -Emotion, learning and memory…
10 terms
Age of Anxiety
totalitarian
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler
Nazi Party
of or relating to a system of government that is centralized…
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician, j…
Adolf Hitler was a German politician who was the leader of th…
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (German: Nationa…
totalitarian
of or relating to a system of government that is centralized…
Benito Mussolini
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician, j…
10 terms
Age of Anxiety
totalitarian
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler
Nazi Party
relating to a system of government that is centralized and di…
was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the Nati…
s a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party. A…
The National Socialist German Workers' Part, commonly referre…
totalitarian
relating to a system of government that is centralized and di…
Benito Mussolini
was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the Nati…
16 terms
Anxiety Disorders
PTSD
Panic Attack
Agoraphobia
OCD
A disorder in which a person has lingering memories, nightmar…
Palpitations, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, choki…
An extreme fear of venturing into public places
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thou…
PTSD
A disorder in which a person has lingering memories, nightmar…
Panic Attack
Palpitations, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, choki…
29 terms
Anxiety and Anti-Anxiety Medications
Anxiety: Definition
Fear: Definition
Common Anxiety Disorders
Fear and Anxiety Circuitry: Main Player
- Negative emotion about potential or future danger... - Often a…
- Acute reaction to a directly observable threat... - Different…
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder... - Panic Disorder... - Social Anxi…
- Amygdala, which responds negative stimuli and can activate…
Anxiety: Definition
- Negative emotion about potential or future danger... - Often a…
Fear: Definition
- Acute reaction to a directly observable threat... - Different…
33 terms
Anxiety and Depression
paroxetine hydrochloride is also known…
Paxil is a _______ type antidepressant
SSRIs selectively inhibit _____ neuron…
All SSRIs and SNRIs have a black box w…
Paxil
SSRI
5-HT... cytochrome P450.
Suicidality ... especially in children, adolescents, and young a…
paroxetine hydrochloride is also known…
Paxil
Paxil is a _______ type antidepressant
SSRI
Pain and anxiety
First ester anesthetic
First Amide
Three parts of a local
secondary or tertiary amine role
Procaine (Novacaine) 1905 Braun. Most esters are topicals bes…
Lidocaine 1943 Lofgren. Most injectiable locals are amides
Aromatic group- Lipophilic... Intermediate chain- ester or amid…
Base, lower pKa which cross membrane more easily since it is…
First ester anesthetic
Procaine (Novacaine) 1905 Braun. Most esters are topicals bes…
First Amide
Lidocaine 1943 Lofgren. Most injectiable locals are amides
22 terms
Anxiety Lecture
What are the physiologic indicators of…
What are the psychological indicators…
What are some clinical manifestations…
What are some psychologic indicators o…
The physiologic S/S of stress result from activation of the s…
Psychological manifestions of stress include: anxiety, fear,…
-Anxiety... -Fear... -Anger... -Depresson... -Unconscious ego mechanisms
What are the physiologic indicators of…
The physiologic S/S of stress result from activation of the s…
What are the psychological indicators…
Psychological manifestions of stress include: anxiety, fear,…
13 terms
Anxiety & Depression
Insomnia
Anxiety
Depression
Serotonin
Unable to sleep
Intense state of worry
A state of being deeply unhappy
'Happy' chemical that is not working properly in depressed pe…
Insomnia
Unable to sleep
Anxiety
Intense state of worry
78 terms
Anxiety Disorders
How to tell normal from anxiety from p…
Main feature of anxiety disorders
Lifetime prevalence for all anxiety di…
Secondary effects of anxiety disorders
- Intensity... - Duration... - Quality of the experience ... -> Flood…
- pathological anxiety is the dominant emotion... No organic et…
26.3%
- Often lead to secondary depression and drug abuse... - Associa…
How to tell normal from anxiety from p…
- Intensity... - Duration... - Quality of the experience ... -> Flood…
Main feature of anxiety disorders
- pathological anxiety is the dominant emotion... No organic et…
29 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Panic Disorder
Phobias
Specific Phobia
Pervasive, long-lasting, unfocused worry that's difficult to…
Recurrent, unpredictable panic attacks. Also have fear of hav…
intense irrational fear of a particular stimulus
fear of a particular stimulus, exposure provokes an immediate…
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Pervasive, long-lasting, unfocused worry that's difficult to…
Panic Disorder
Recurrent, unpredictable panic attacks. Also have fear of hav…
12 terms
Anxiety Disorders
anxiety disorder
pathological fear
panic disorder
phobia
distressing and PERSISTENT feelings of anxiousness; this invo…
a long-lasting and intense fear of something that is developm…
An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long epis…
An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear a…
anxiety disorder
distressing and PERSISTENT feelings of anxiousness; this invo…
pathological fear
a long-lasting and intense fear of something that is developm…
Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety
Fear vs Anxiety
Amygdala and fear
BNST and anxiety
Feelings of concern or worry, with responses such as increase…
Anxiety: future-oriented... Fear: present-oriented... In humans,…
Basolateral amygdala: pain info, environmental cues come in,…
Bed nucleus of the stria terminalis... BN-extended amygdala but…
Anxiety
Feelings of concern or worry, with responses such as increase…
Fear vs Anxiety
Anxiety: future-oriented... Fear: present-oriented... In humans,…
33 terms
anxiety disorders
Focused Neuroanatomy Review of anxiety
Primary versus Secondary Anxiety
Anxiety disorders
Genetic Epidemiology of Anxiety Disord…
...
...
...
...
Focused Neuroanatomy Review of anxiety
...
Primary versus Secondary Anxiety
...
Anxiety Disorders
Mood Disorders
Clinical Depression
Bipolar (Manic-Depressive)
Schizophrenia
An illness that involves mood extremes that interfere with ev…
A feeling of sadness or hopelessness that lasts for more than…
Is marked by extreme mood changes, energy levels, and behavio…
a condition of losing touch with reality accompanied by reduc…
Mood Disorders
An illness that involves mood extremes that interfere with ev…
Clinical Depression
A feeling of sadness or hopelessness that lasts for more than…
26 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety
Panic Attack
Fear
GABA
is a negative mood state characterized by bodily symptoms of…
an abrupt experience of intense fear or acute discomfort, acc…
Immediate alarm reaction, activates sympathetic nervous system.
Depleted levels of this is associated with increased levels o…
Anxiety
is a negative mood state characterized by bodily symptoms of…
Panic Attack
an abrupt experience of intense fear or acute discomfort, acc…
7 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Separation Anxiety Disorders
Selective Mutism
Specific Phobia
Social Anxiety Disorders {Social Phobia}
*Excessive fear or anxiety concerning separation from individ…
Consistent failure to speak in certain social situations in w…
Marked fear about a specific object or situation. ... -> Flying,…
Marked fear or anxiety about at least one social situation... ->…
Separation Anxiety Disorders
*Excessive fear or anxiety concerning separation from individ…
Selective Mutism
Consistent failure to speak in certain social situations in w…
35 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Pathogenesis of Symptoms of Anxiety Di…
Cortisol related to chronic disorder o…
Stress effects on hippocampus
-Women with excessive worrying, >6 months... 3/6 of:... -Restless…
-Dysregulation of limbic system... -Emotion, learning and memory…
-Acutely, negative feedback to hippocampus will turn off cort…
1) Loss of hippocampal plasticity and remodeling... 2) Interfere…
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
-Women with excessive worrying, >6 months... 3/6 of:... -Restless…
Pathogenesis of Symptoms of Anxiety Di…
-Dysregulation of limbic system... -Emotion, learning and memory…
Anxiety & Depression
Insomnia
Anxiety
Depression
Serotonin
Unable to sleep
Intense state of worry
A state of being deeply unhappy
'Happy' chemical that is not working properly in depressed pe…
Insomnia
Unable to sleep
Anxiety
Intense state of worry
52 terms
depression/anxiety
predispositions to depression/anxiety
associated with...
diagnosis depression
symptoms of depressed mood, or anhedonia
-medical illness... -disability... -genetics: family history, commo…
-Amplified somatic symptoms... -Increased use of alcohol / sedat…
5 or more of the following symptoms for the same 2 week perio…
-Changes in appetite or weight (even 5 lb)... -Insomnia or hyper…
predispositions to depression/anxiety
-medical illness... -disability... -genetics: family history, commo…
associated with...
-Amplified somatic symptoms... -Increased use of alcohol / sedat…
10 terms
Anxiety disorders
Ativan
Xanax, Xanax XR
LIBRIUM
Klonopin
Lorazepam... 1-3 mg PO BID to TID
Alprazolam... 0.25 - 0.5 mg PO TID
ChlordiazePOXIDE... 5-25 mg TID -QID
clonazepam... 0.25 - 0.5 mg PO BID
Ativan
Lorazepam... 1-3 mg PO BID to TID
Xanax, Xanax XR
Alprazolam... 0.25 - 0.5 mg PO TID
Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety
Amygdala and fear
Bed nucleus of the stria terminalis
HPA and Stress
Activation of the sympathetic nervous system --> increased he…
Lateral hypothalamus- blood pressure... parabrachial nucleaus- h…
Prolonged fear stimulation activates anxiety.
Hypothalamus releases corticotrophin- releasing factor (CRF)…
Anxiety
Activation of the sympathetic nervous system --> increased he…
Amygdala and fear
Lateral hypothalamus- blood pressure... parabrachial nucleaus- h…
Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety
Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety Disorder: Key Points/Facts
Anxiety Disorders
subjective state of worry or fear and is part of normal exper…
anxiety that is excessive, out of proportion, and interfering…
Consider medical causes (e.g. hyperthyroid, cardiac problem…
Anxiety Disorders... 1.) Panic disorder... 2.) Agoraphobia... 3.) Ge…
Anxiety
subjective state of worry or fear and is part of normal exper…
Anxiety Disorder
anxiety that is excessive, out of proportion, and interfering…
25 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD
Panic Disorders (Consists of Panic Att…
Severe Phobias
occur upon experiencing a traumatic event.... Nightmares of eve…
Obsessions: recurrent thoughts of contamination,violence,sex,…
Having symptoms of a panic attack without warning, in an unex…
Fear of different shit
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
occur upon experiencing a traumatic event.... Nightmares of eve…
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD
Obsessions: recurrent thoughts of contamination,violence,sex,…
ANXIETY / DESPAIR
despondency
abject
distrain
solicitude
low spirits ... depressed
miserable, defeated
subject to distress
uneasiness ... anxious concern
despondency
low spirits ... depressed
abject
miserable, defeated
13 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Define anxiety
Female or Male: Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety Disorders: Serotonin
Anxiety Disorders: Norepinephrine
Anxiety essentially refers to anticipation of danger without…
Female
High levels seem to be involved; the release occurs during an…
B-2 agonists (stimulation): induce anxiety... Alpha-adrengeric…
Define anxiety
Anxiety essentially refers to anticipation of danger without…
Female or Male: Anxiety Disorders
Female
Anxiety Disorders
genetic, biological and psychological…
differentiating characteristics of the…
non-pharmacological and pharmacologica…
Psychological Theories of Anxiety
...
...
...
1. Psychoanalytic theory:... Unconscious UNacceptable thoughts a…
genetic, biological and psychological…
...
differentiating characteristics of the…
...
Age of Anxiety
totalitarian
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler
Nazi Party
-An attempt by government to control a society totally throug…
-(1883-1945) Italian leader. He founded the Italian Fascist P…
-Born in Austria, Hitler became a radical German nationalist…
-German political party joined by Adolf Hitler, emphasizing n…
totalitarian
-An attempt by government to control a society totally throug…
Benito Mussolini
-(1883-1945) Italian leader. He founded the Italian Fascist P…
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