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Study sets matching "anxiety"

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Study sets matching "anxiety"

Anxiety
Anxiety
Physiology of Stress
Amygdala
Relaxation Breathing
An emotional state of high energy, with the stress response a…
1. Amygdal... -sympathetic nervous system becomes activated duri…
A brain structure that serves a vital role in our learning to…
relaxation strategy that involves the primary use of the diap…
Anxiety
An emotional state of high energy, with the stress response a…
Physiology of Stress
1. Amygdal... -sympathetic nervous system becomes activated duri…
9 terms
Anxiety
job interviews
public speaking
cramming
taking a test
job interviews
public speaking
39 terms
Anxiety
Amygdala activation
Physiology of Stress
Neurotransmitters in Anxiety
psychotherapy for anxiety
Causes CRF release from hypothalamus -> ACTH release from pit…
incoming info to thalamus (somatosensory, unconsious and info…
monoamine NT (synthed in brainstem, radiate though limbic and…
Conscious re-evaluation of experience, remembered threat (psy…
Amygdala activation
Causes CRF release from hypothalamus -> ACTH release from pit…
Physiology of Stress
incoming info to thalamus (somatosensory, unconsious and info…
31 terms
Anxiety
Objectives
Fear and Anxiety
anxiety disorder occurs when
Conditioning
Distinguish between "normal" anxiety, anxiety symptoms and an…
Fear is an the response to real or perceived imminent threat…
When fear is greater than warranted... Occurs in inappropriate s…
Some situations can condition a trigger of anxiety for some p…
Objectives
Distinguish between "normal" anxiety, anxiety symptoms and an…
Fear and Anxiety
Fear is an the response to real or perceived imminent threat…
59 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety def and effect on self
Nurses Role in Stress
Mild Anxiety
Moderate Anxiety
-uneasiness, extreme discomfort, dread, worry from a real or…
-assess and ID anxiety... -diagnostic tests to rule out other di…
motivator to take action... promotes learning
alert with narrowed perceptual fields, ability to shut out pe…
Anxiety def and effect on self
-uneasiness, extreme discomfort, dread, worry from a real or…
Nurses Role in Stress
-assess and ID anxiety... -diagnostic tests to rule out other di…
68 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Depression
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
OCD, PTSD
This disorder is associated with hyperthyroidism and *lack…
This disorder is associated with hypothyroidism *lack of Do…
Buspirone ONLY works for this type of anxiety disorder.
Benzodiazepines should be AVOIDED in the treatment of the…
Anxiety
This disorder is associated with hyperthyroidism and *lack…
Depression
This disorder is associated with hypothyroidism *lack of Do…
36 terms
Anxiety
A fundamental human emotion that produ…
An intense emotion experienced in resp…
Fear or anxiety symptoms that interfer…
Model developed to explain the cause o…
Anxiety
Fear
Anxiety Disorder
Etiological Model
A fundamental human emotion that produ…
Anxiety
An intense emotion experienced in resp…
Fear
11 terms
Anxiety
Barbiturates Prototype
Barbituric Acid... (becomes negative ion…
Benzodiazepine Prototype
Midazolam (Benzo)
Barbiturates Prototype
Barbituric Acid... (becomes negative ion…
28 terms
Anxiety
autonomic effects of anx
two major components of anx
Abnormal anx
anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
interferes with normal social or occupational functioning
physiological, protective response to real or potential threa…
autonomic effects of anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
two major components of anx
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
28 terms
Anxiety
autonomic effects of anx
two major components of anx
Abnormal anx
anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
interferes with normal social or occupational functioning
physiological, protective response to real or potential threa…
autonomic effects of anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
two major components of anx
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
19 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Anxiety Disorder
Mild or moderate anxiety acts as?
Sometimes, fear or anxiety occurs even…
A fundamental human emotion that produces bodily reactions th…
Fear or anxiety symptoms that interfere with an individual's…
A safeguard to keep us from ignoring danger.
No danger is present, resulting in an anxiety disorder.
Anxiety
A fundamental human emotion that produces bodily reactions th…
Anxiety Disorder
Fear or anxiety symptoms that interfere with an individual's…
190 terms
Anxiety
Process of Anxiety?
What are some non-medication ways to d…
What can happen if a patient with anxi…
Anxiety is a _______ cycle?
1. Thoughts ("now i'm really in danger.")... 2. Feel Bodily Symp…
Defense Mechanisms... Coping Behaviors... Spiritual/Cultural/Social…
Increase Anxiety... Difficulty Coping... Extreme Use of Defenses... Ex…
Viscous
Process of Anxiety?
1. Thoughts ("now i'm really in danger.")... 2. Feel Bodily Symp…
What are some non-medication ways to d…
Defense Mechanisms... Coping Behaviors... Spiritual/Cultural/Social…
28 terms
Anxiety
autonomic effects of anx
two major components of anx
Abnormal anx
anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
interferes with normal social or occupational functioning
physiological, protective response to real or potential threa…
autonomic effects of anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
two major components of anx
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
36 terms
Anxiety
Fear vs. Anxiety
Fear vs. Anxiety vs. Depression Diagram
Fear Response: Corticol and Subcortica…
What are the three common fear reactio…
- Fear = current. It is the emotional response to real or per…
- depression as outlined in this figure is similar to the lea…
- Cortical and subcortical pathways in the brain bring about…
- Flight/flight response... - freeze response
Fear vs. Anxiety
- Fear = current. It is the emotional response to real or per…
Fear vs. Anxiety vs. Depression Diagram
- depression as outlined in this figure is similar to the lea…
37 terms
anxiety
how does anxiety start?
when you get anxiety you do relieving…
if you are effective with your relievi…
if you are UN-effective with you relie…
starts with stress!... physical... psychological... biochemical (real…
-defense mechanisms... -coping behaviors... -spiritual/cultural/soc…
anxiety decreases
anxiety increases... difficulty coping... extreme use of defense or…
how does anxiety start?
starts with stress!... physical... psychological... biochemical (real…
when you get anxiety you do relieving…
-defense mechanisms... -coping behaviors... -spiritual/cultural/soc…
67 terms
Anxiety
Compare normal anxiety with pathologic…
What are five drug classes to treat an…
What is the mechanism of action for be…
What are the two different subtypes of…
The general symptoms are increased muscle tone, autonomic ner…
These are basically an allosteric agonist for GABA-A.. they "…
Compare normal anxiety with pathologic…
The general symptoms are increased muscle tone, autonomic ner…
What are five drug classes to treat an…
21 terms
Anxiety
what is fear?
what is anxiety?
what is panic?
anxiety has generally a CNS/ANS compon…
the emotional response to real or perceived imminent threat
anticipation of future threat
abrupt surge of intense fear and/or discomfort
both CNS and ANS
what is fear?
the emotional response to real or perceived imminent threat
what is anxiety?
anticipation of future threat
26 terms
Anxiety
What is anxiety ?
What are the common anxiety disorders ?
What are panic attacks ?
What are symptoms of panic attacks
a vague ,unpleasant emotion which... reflects apprehension, dist…
Common Anxiety Disorders... - Panicdisorder... - Agoraphobia... - Obse…
sudden feeling of intense terror that occurs without warning
- Palpitations, pounding heart, sweating, chills or hot... flush…
What is anxiety ?
a vague ,unpleasant emotion which... reflects apprehension, dist…
What are the common anxiety disorders ?
Common Anxiety Disorders... - Panicdisorder... - Agoraphobia... - Obse…
17 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Symptoms of Anxiety
Panic Disorder
Phobia
agoraphobia
Persistent and uncontrollable tenseness and apprehension. Com…
Episodes of intense dread: feelings of terror, chest pains, c…
persistent or irrational fear of an object or situation that…
phobia of open places
Symptoms of Anxiety
Persistent and uncontrollable tenseness and apprehension. Com…
Panic Disorder
Episodes of intense dread: feelings of terror, chest pains, c…
31 terms
Anxiety Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety
Symptoms of Anxiety
Cognitive symptoms
Behavioral symptoms
- a state of apprehension and psychic tension. ... - is a normal…
Symptoms in various domains: ... Somatic: increase HR, sweating.…
"I am going to die"... "I am losing control"... "I am going crazy"…
(Avoidance)^3... - other behaviors to reduce anxiety such as sub…
Anxiety
- a state of apprehension and psychic tension. ... - is a normal…
Symptoms of Anxiety
Symptoms in various domains: ... Somatic: increase HR, sweating.…
29 terms
Anxiety and Anti-Anxiety Medications
Anxiety: Definition
Fear: Definition
Common Anxiety Disorders
Fear and Anxiety Circuitry: Main Player
- Negative emotion about potential or future danger... - Often a…
- Acute reaction to a directly observable threat... - Different…
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder... - Panic Disorder... - Social Anxi…
- Amygdala, which responds negative stimuli and can activate…
Anxiety: Definition
- Negative emotion about potential or future danger... - Often a…
Fear: Definition
- Acute reaction to a directly observable threat... - Different…
35 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Pathogenesis of Symptoms of Anxiety Di…
Cortisol related to chronic disorder o…
Stress effects on hippocampus
-Women with excessive worrying, >6 months... 3/6 of:... -Restless…
-Dysregulation of limbic system... -Emotion, learning and memory…
-Acutely, negative feedback to hippocampus will turn off cort…
1) Loss of hippocampal plasticity and remodeling... 2) Interfere…
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
-Women with excessive worrying, >6 months... 3/6 of:... -Restless…
Pathogenesis of Symptoms of Anxiety Di…
-Dysregulation of limbic system... -Emotion, learning and memory…
16 terms
Anxiety Disorders
PTSD
Panic Attack
Agoraphobia
OCD
A disorder in which a person has lingering memories, nightmar…
Palpitations, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, choki…
An extreme fear of venturing into public places
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thou…
PTSD
A disorder in which a person has lingering memories, nightmar…
Panic Attack
Palpitations, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, choki…
13 terms
Anxiety & Depression
Insomnia
Anxiety
Depression
Serotonin
Unable to sleep
Intense state of worry
A state of being deeply unhappy
'Happy' chemical that is not working properly in depressed pe…
Insomnia
Unable to sleep
Anxiety
Intense state of worry
10 terms
Age of Anxiety
totalitarian
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler
Nazi Party
of or relating to a system of government that is centralized…
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician, j…
Adolf Hitler was a German politician who was the leader of th…
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (German: Nationa…
totalitarian
of or relating to a system of government that is centralized…
Benito Mussolini
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician, j…
10 terms
Age of Anxiety
totalitarian
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler
Nazi Party
relating to a system of government that is centralized and di…
was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the Nati…
s a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party. A…
The National Socialist German Workers' Part, commonly referre…
totalitarian
relating to a system of government that is centralized and di…
Benito Mussolini
was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the Nati…
78 terms
Anxiety Disorders
How to tell normal from anxiety from p…
Main feature of anxiety disorders
Lifetime prevalence for all anxiety di…
Secondary effects of anxiety disorders
- Intensity... - Duration... - Quality of the experience ... -> Flood…
- pathological anxiety is the dominant emotion... No organic et…
26.3%
- Often lead to secondary depression and drug abuse... - Associa…
How to tell normal from anxiety from p…
- Intensity... - Duration... - Quality of the experience ... -> Flood…
Main feature of anxiety disorders
- pathological anxiety is the dominant emotion... No organic et…
33 terms
Anxiety and Depression
paroxetine hydrochloride is also known…
Paxil is a _______ type antidepressant
SSRIs selectively inhibit _____ neuron…
All SSRIs and SNRIs have a black box w…
Paxil
SSRI
5-HT... cytochrome P450.
Suicidality ... especially in children, adolescents, and young a…
paroxetine hydrochloride is also known…
Paxil
Paxil is a _______ type antidepressant
SSRI
83 terms
Pain and anxiety
First ester anesthetic
First Amide
Three parts of a local
secondary or tertiary amine role
Procaine (Novacaine) 1905 Braun. Most esters are topicals bes…
Lidocaine 1943 Lofgren. Most injectiable locals are amides
Aromatic group- Lipophilic... Intermediate chain- ester or amid…
Base, lower pKa which cross membrane more easily since it is…
First ester anesthetic
Procaine (Novacaine) 1905 Braun. Most esters are topicals bes…
First Amide
Lidocaine 1943 Lofgren. Most injectiable locals are amides
29 terms
The Age of Anxiety
inflation
Why did Europeans tolerate/support dic…
Mein Kampf
October 29, 1929
when money loses it's value; what happened to the German curr…
they offered strong leadership and stability
a book written by Hitler outlining his beliefs; means My Stru…
Stock Market crash
inflation
when money loses it's value; what happened to the German curr…
Why did Europeans tolerate/support dic…
they offered strong leadership and stability
22 terms
Anxiety Lecture
What are the physiologic indicators of…
What are the psychological indicators…
What are some clinical manifestations…
What are some psychologic indicators o…
The physiologic S/S of stress result from activation of the s…
Psychological manifestions of stress include: anxiety, fear,…
-Anxiety... -Fear... -Anger... -Depresson... -Unconscious ego mechanisms
What are the physiologic indicators of…
The physiologic S/S of stress result from activation of the s…
What are the psychological indicators…
Psychological manifestions of stress include: anxiety, fear,…
35 terms
Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety
Fear vs Anxiety
Amygdala and fear
BNST and anxiety
Feelings of concern or worry, with responses such as increase…
Anxiety: future-oriented... Fear: present-oriented... In humans,…
Basolateral amygdala: pain info, environmental cues come in,…
Bed nucleus of the stria terminalis... BN-extended amygdala but…
Anxiety
Feelings of concern or worry, with responses such as increase…
Fear vs Anxiety
Anxiety: future-oriented... Fear: present-oriented... In humans,…
26 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety
Panic Attack
Fear
GABA
is a negative mood state characterized by bodily symptoms of…
an abrupt experience of intense fear or acute discomfort, acc…
Immediate alarm reaction, activates sympathetic nervous system.
Depleted levels of this is associated with increased levels o…
Anxiety
is a negative mood state characterized by bodily symptoms of…
Panic Attack
an abrupt experience of intense fear or acute discomfort, acc…
33 terms
anxiety disorders
Focused Neuroanatomy Review of anxiety
Primary versus Secondary Anxiety
Anxiety disorders
Genetic Epidemiology of Anxiety Disord…
...
...
...
...
Focused Neuroanatomy Review of anxiety
...
Primary versus Secondary Anxiety
...
8 terms
Seperation Anxiety
Crystallization
tool for crystallization
Filtration
tool filtration
used to separate a liquid and a solid (soluble) when only sol…
evaporation dish
used to separate an insoluble solid from a solution ... -using *…
Crystallization
used to separate a liquid and a solid (soluble) when only sol…
tool for crystallization
evaporation dish
10 terms
Anxiety disorders
Ativan
Xanax, Xanax XR
LIBRIUM
Klonopin
Lorazepam... 1-3 mg PO BID to TID
Alprazolam... 0.25 - 0.5 mg PO TID
ChlordiazePOXIDE... 5-25 mg TID -QID
clonazepam... 0.25 - 0.5 mg PO BID
Ativan
Lorazepam... 1-3 mg PO BID to TID
Xanax, Xanax XR
Alprazolam... 0.25 - 0.5 mg PO TID
17 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Symptoms of Anxiety
Panic Disorder
Phobia
agoraphobia
Persistent and uncontrollable tenseness and apprehension. Com…
Episodes of intense dread: feelings of terror, chest pains, c…
persistent or irrational fear of an object or situation that…
phobia of open places
Symptoms of Anxiety
Persistent and uncontrollable tenseness and apprehension. Com…
Panic Disorder
Episodes of intense dread: feelings of terror, chest pains, c…
133 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Fear vs. Anxiety
Episodic mild to moderate anxiety
Physiological reactions to fear and an…
Controlling anxiety
Fear is the emotional response to real or perceived imminent…
universal experience ... activates the mind and body for fight/…
Increased heart rate and blood pressure ... Re-distribution of b…
There are a number of psychological strategies that humans us…
Fear vs. Anxiety
Fear is the emotional response to real or perceived imminent…
Episodic mild to moderate anxiety
universal experience ... activates the mind and body for fight/…
35 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Pathogenesis of Symptoms of Anxiety Di…
Cortisol related to chronic disorder o…
Stress effects on hippocampus
-Women with excessive worrying, >6 months... 3/6 of:... -Restless…
-Dysregulation of limbic system... -Emotion, learning and memory…
-Acutely, negative feedback to hippocampus will turn off cort…
1) Loss of hippocampal plasticity and remodeling... 2) Interfere…
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
-Women with excessive worrying, >6 months... 3/6 of:... -Restless…
Pathogenesis of Symptoms of Anxiety Di…
-Dysregulation of limbic system... -Emotion, learning and memory…
19 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Fear
Anxiety
Panic
Alarm Systems
immediate, present-oriented response... - SNS activation
apprehensive, future-oriented... - subjective/experimental
abrupt experience of intense fear (at wrong time)... - SNS sympt…
true or false
Fear
immediate, present-oriented response... - SNS activation
Anxiety
apprehensive, future-oriented... - subjective/experimental
22 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety
Amygdala and fear
Bed nucleus of the stria terminalis
HPA and Stress
Activation of the sympathetic nervous system --> increased he…
Lateral hypothalamus- blood pressure... parabrachial nucleaus- h…
Prolonged fear stimulation activates anxiety.
Hypothalamus releases corticotrophin- releasing factor (CRF)…
Anxiety
Activation of the sympathetic nervous system --> increased he…
Amygdala and fear
Lateral hypothalamus- blood pressure... parabrachial nucleaus- h…
12 terms
Anxiety Disorders
anxiety disorder
pathological fear
panic disorder
phobia
distressing and PERSISTENT feelings of anxiousness; this invo…
a long-lasting and intense fear of something that is developm…
An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long epis…
An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear a…
anxiety disorder
distressing and PERSISTENT feelings of anxiousness; this invo…
pathological fear
a long-lasting and intense fear of something that is developm…
20 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Mood Disorders
Clinical Depression
Bipolar (Manic-Depressive)
Schizophrenia
An illness that involves mood extremes that interfere with ev…
A feeling of sadness or hopelessness that lasts for more than…
Is marked by extreme mood changes, energy levels, and behavio…
a condition of losing touch with reality accompanied by reduc…
Mood Disorders
An illness that involves mood extremes that interfere with ev…
Clinical Depression
A feeling of sadness or hopelessness that lasts for more than…
52 terms
depression/anxiety
predispositions to depression/anxiety
associated with...
diagnosis depression
symptoms of depressed mood, or anhedonia
-medical illness... -disability... -genetics: family history, commo…
-Amplified somatic symptoms... -Increased use of alcohol / sedat…
5 or more of the following symptoms for the same 2 week perio…
-Changes in appetite or weight (even 5 lb)... -Insomnia or hyper…
predispositions to depression/anxiety
-medical illness... -disability... -genetics: family history, commo…
associated with...
-Amplified somatic symptoms... -Increased use of alcohol / sedat…
25 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD
Panic Disorders (Consists of Panic Att…
Severe Phobias
occur upon experiencing a traumatic event.... Nightmares of eve…
Obsessions: recurrent thoughts of contamination,violence,sex,…
Having symptoms of a panic attack without warning, in an unex…
Fear of different shit
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
occur upon experiencing a traumatic event.... Nightmares of eve…
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD
Obsessions: recurrent thoughts of contamination,violence,sex,…
10 terms
ANXIETY / DESPAIR
despondency
abject
distrain
solicitude
low spirits ... depressed
miserable, defeated
subject to distress
uneasiness ... anxious concern
despondency
low spirits ... depressed
abject
miserable, defeated
28 terms
Anxiety Disorders_Phobias Glossary
Phobia
Specific Phobia
Social Phobia
Agoraphobia
An extreme fear that is irrational, disproportionate and inte…
Fear & avoidance of a particular object or situation
Fear & avoidance of humiliation or embarrassment in interacti…
Fear & avoidance of crowded or public places
Phobia
An extreme fear that is irrational, disproportionate and inte…
Specific Phobia
Fear & avoidance of a particular object or situation
13 terms
Anxiety Disorders
Define anxiety
Female or Male: Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety Disorders: Serotonin
Anxiety Disorders: Norepinephrine
Anxiety essentially refers to anticipation of danger without…
Female
High levels seem to be involved; the release occurs during an…
B-2 agonists (stimulation): induce anxiety... Alpha-adrengeric…
Define anxiety
Anxiety essentially refers to anticipation of danger without…
Female or Male: Anxiety Disorders
Female
35 terms
Rx: Anxiety
most common mental health disorder (~2…
classes of anxiolytics
list some selective serotonin reuptake…
list some serotonin and norepinephrine…
anxiety
SSRIs... SNRIs... benzodiazepines... others...stand alones...... buspiron…
fluoxetine (Prozac)... fluvoxamine (Luvox)... paroxetine (Paxil)... se…
venlafaxine (Effexor)... duloxetine (Cymbalta)... desvenlafaxine (P…
most common mental health disorder (~2…
anxiety
classes of anxiolytics
SSRIs... SNRIs... benzodiazepines... others...stand alones...... buspiron…
38 terms
Neuroscience of Anxiety
Use of Animal Models Terminology
Orbital and medial prefrontal cortex
Amygdala
Medio-dorsal nucleus of thalamus
Predictive validity: treatments effective... Construct valid…
1) planning complex cognitive behavior... 2) personality express…
- receives processed sensory and cognitive information from s…
- relays inputs from amygdala back to PFC... - attention, pl…
Use of Animal Models Terminology
Predictive validity: treatments effective... Construct valid…
Orbital and medial prefrontal cortex
1) planning complex cognitive behavior... 2) personality express…
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