Study sets matching "anxiety"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "anxiety"

40 terms
Anxiety
Associated with fear learning/cognition
Involved in emotion processing/regulat…
Anxiety Pathology
Anti-anxiety neurotransmitter
amygdala
prefrontal cortex
Amygdala hyperactivity... PFC hypoactivity
serotonin
Associated with fear learning/cognition
amygdala
Involved in emotion processing/regulat…
prefrontal cortex
Anxiety
Anxiety
Physiology of Stress
Amygdala
Relaxation Breathing
An emotional state of high energy, with the stress response a…
1. Amygdal... -sympathetic nervous system becomes activated duri…
A brain structure that serves a vital role in our learning to…
relaxation strategy that involves the primary use of the diap…
Anxiety
An emotional state of high energy, with the stress response a…
Physiology of Stress
1. Amygdal... -sympathetic nervous system becomes activated duri…
35 terms
Anxiety
What makes a disorder?
Autonomy
Intensity
Behavior
Autonomy... Intensity... Duration... Behavior
Happens when it should not
Worse than it should be
Mal adaptive result of pathologic anxiety
What makes a disorder?
Autonomy... Intensity... Duration... Behavior
Autonomy
Happens when it should not
39 terms
Anxiety
Amygdala activation
Physiology of Stress
Neurotransmitters in Anxiety
psychotherapy for anxiety
Causes CRF release from hypothalamus -> ACTH release from pit…
incoming info to thalamus (somatosensory, unconsious and info…
monoamine NT (synthed in brainstem, radiate though limbic and…
Conscious re-evaluation of experience, remembered threat (psy…
Amygdala activation
Causes CRF release from hypothalamus -> ACTH release from pit…
Physiology of Stress
incoming info to thalamus (somatosensory, unconsious and info…
38 terms
anxiety
anxiety disorder
generalized anxiety disorder
panic disorder
social anxiety disorder
continuous and severe symptoms that cause great distress
GAD
PD
SAD
anxiety disorder
continuous and severe symptoms that cause great distress
generalized anxiety disorder
GAD
Anxiety
Anxiety
Levels of anxiety
Mild anxiety
Moderate anxiety
Fearful concern or interest
Mild... Moderate... Severe... Panic
Normal... Leads to effective problem solving... Little uncomfortab…
Tunnel vision... Problem solving decreases... Tension, +HR/RR, swe…
Anxiety
Fearful concern or interest
Levels of anxiety
Mild... Moderate... Severe... Panic
14 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety Txt (Pristiq) = DesVenlafaxine
Es-citalopram (SSRI) - Lexapro... Duloxet…
Quetiapine (Seroquel)
BZD list
SSRI - SNRI = half dose depression... BZD and 2nd line for sxmat…
GAD only... GAD only... GAD - SAD (Social) - PD (Panic)
EPS - neuroleptic malignant - weigh
Lora-zepam - (Antivan) - LOT - sleep 1 mg tid... AlprA-zolam - (…
Anxiety Txt (Pristiq) = DesVenlafaxine
SSRI - SNRI = half dose depression... BZD and 2nd line for sxmat…
Es-citalopram (SSRI) - Lexapro... Duloxet…
GAD only... GAD only... GAD - SAD (Social) - PD (Panic)
23 terms
Anxiety
reexperiencing, avoidance, hyperarousal
1
3
2
types of symptoms of PTSD
at least (how many?) reexperiencing symptom(s)
at least (how many?) avoidance symptom(s)
at least (how many?) hyperarousal symptom(s)
reexperiencing, avoidance, hyperarousal
types of symptoms of PTSD
1
at least (how many?) reexperiencing symptom(s)
10 terms
Anxiety
Pharmacology... Benzos MOA
Pharmacology long term
Anxiety... Differential Diagnosis
Fight/Flight... Biologic response
Enhance inhibition of GABA on neuron. Hyperpolarization.... Clon…
Oxcarbazepine... Divalproex... Buspirone-caution with MAOI and Hald…
Factors to rule out organic causes of anxiety ... -Onset of symp…
1. Hypothalamus stimulated the sympathetic NS (limbic)... 2. SNS…
Pharmacology... Benzos MOA
Enhance inhibition of GABA on neuron. Hyperpolarization.... Clon…
Pharmacology long term
Oxcarbazepine... Divalproex... Buspirone-caution with MAOI and Hald…
Anxiety
Name something you are afraid of. Is t…
Who keeps us safe in the community (ou…
Some people think you have to practice…
Draw a picture of something you're afr…
Who can you talk to when you are scared?
What is something an adult told you when you were afraid? Wil…
Think of a time you were really happy. Talk about it. Pretend…
Sing the happiest or silliest song you know. Do you think you…
Name something you are afraid of. Is t…
Who can you talk to when you are scared?
Who keeps us safe in the community (ou…
What is something an adult told you when you were afraid? Wil…
anxiety
glutamate (excite/inhibitor)
GABA (excite/inhibitor)
can hypothroidism or hyperthroidism ca…
GAD def
excite
inhibitor
hyperthroidism
excessive and inapproprite worrying that persistent (>2mon) a…
glutamate (excite/inhibitor)
excite
GABA (excite/inhibitor)
inhibitor
9 terms
Anxiety
job interviews
public speaking
cramming
taking a test
job interviews
public speaking
43 terms
Anxiety
Possible pathophysiology of anxiety
what can happen from prolonged anxiety
pharmacotherapy for anxiety
Psychotherapy
excess NE... Deficiency of gamma... role of serotonin
acid reflux... allergy... backache... asthma... fatigue... migrains
anti-depressants... anxiolytics... beta blockers... mood stabilizers
Cognitive Behavior Therapy... teaching patients ways to contro…
Possible pathophysiology of anxiety
excess NE... Deficiency of gamma... role of serotonin
what can happen from prolonged anxiety
acid reflux... allergy... backache... asthma... fatigue... migrains
24 terms
Anxiety
State of apprehension, dread, uneasine…
Perceptual fields greatly reduced, lea…
Sympathetic nervous system is aroused…
Severe emotional distress is experienc…
Anxiety
Cognitive and perceptual responses for anxiety
Physiological response of anxiety
Emotional response of anxiety
State of apprehension, dread, uneasine…
Anxiety
Perceptual fields greatly reduced, lea…
Cognitive and perceptual responses for anxiety
78 terms
Anxiety
Is anxiety normal?
4 Criteria Distinguishing Pathologic A…
Anxiety is a
Are fear and anxiety the same?
yes it is an expected, normal and transient response to stress
- autonomy: no trigger... - intensity: pt can't bear it... - durati…
diffuse sensation of apprehension accompanied by palpitations…
no fear is a sense of dread that occurs in response to an ext…
Is anxiety normal?
yes it is an expected, normal and transient response to stress
4 Criteria Distinguishing Pathologic A…
- autonomy: no trigger... - intensity: pt can't bear it... - durati…
Anxiety
Use the DSM criteria to diagnose and c…
Recognize possible secondary etiologie…
Provide appropriate non-pharmacologic…
Compare and contrast the pharmacology,…
...
...
...
...
Use the DSM criteria to diagnose and c…
...
Recognize possible secondary etiologie…
...
Anxiety
Objectives
Fear and Anxiety
anxiety disorder occurs when
Conditioning
Distinguish between "normal" anxiety, anxiety symptoms and an…
Fear is an the response to real or perceived imminent threat…
When fear is greater than warranted... Occurs in inappropriate s…
Some situations can condition a trigger of anxiety for some p…
Objectives
Distinguish between "normal" anxiety, anxiety symptoms and an…
Fear and Anxiety
Fear is an the response to real or perceived imminent threat…
Anxiety
Anxiety
Risks for anxiety disorders
Biological aspects
Psychodynamic Theory
*State of apprehension, fear. ... *Psychological distress.... *Subj…
Women: twice risk (except for OCD)... Age: phobias, OCD, separat…
Increased level of norepinephrine... Increase in blood lactate... G…
Critical parents, low self-esteem, developmental delay of ego…
Anxiety
*State of apprehension, fear. ... *Psychological distress.... *Subj…
Risks for anxiety disorders
Women: twice risk (except for OCD)... Age: phobias, OCD, separat…
57 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety can be caused by dysregulation…
What are some anxiety disorder?
What is general treatment approach?
What are 2 subsets of anxiety type sym…
1. NE, Gluatmate (locus ceruleus)... 2. 5HT... 3. GABA
1. Panic attack.... - Isolated event. ... - Last 10-20 mins... 2. Pani…
Psychotherapy + pharmacotherapy.
1. Psychological symptoms... -Constant worry, thoughts of persis…
Anxiety can be caused by dysregulation…
1. NE, Gluatmate (locus ceruleus)... 2. 5HT... 3. GABA
What are some anxiety disorder?
1. Panic attack.... - Isolated event. ... - Last 10-20 mins... 2. Pani…
20 terms
Anxiety
daunted
waver
take a Crack at
jittery
feeling anxious intimidated or discouraged
to go back and forth between alternatives
give something a try; attempt to do something
anxious; jumpy
daunted
feeling anxious intimidated or discouraged
waver
to go back and forth between alternatives
36 terms
Anxiety
A fundamental human emotion that produ…
An intense emotion experienced in resp…
Fear or anxiety symptoms that interfer…
Model developed to explain the cause o…
Anxiety
Fear
Anxiety Disorder
Etiological Model
A fundamental human emotion that produ…
Anxiety
An intense emotion experienced in resp…
Fear
anxiety
anxiety disorders: DSM 5 classifications
generalized anxiety disorder diagnosti…
GAD: anxiety and worry associated with
GAD: s&s
generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)... panic disorder (PD)... social…
excessive anxiety and worry... -more days than not for 6mo aroun…
restlessness... easily fatigued... difficulty concentrating... irritab…
psychological and cognitive sx... physical... impairment
anxiety disorders: DSM 5 classifications
generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)... panic disorder (PD)... social…
generalized anxiety disorder diagnosti…
excessive anxiety and worry... -more days than not for 6mo aroun…
6 terms
Anxiety
biological theories
Genetic therories
psychosocial theories
Behavioral theory: anxiety, compulsive…
system sensitivie to norepinephrine. dopamine and seraotonin…
...
...
1.... 2.... 3.
biological theories
system sensitivie to norepinephrine. dopamine and seraotonin…
Genetic therories
...
55 terms
Anxiety
anxiety
Fear
is anxiety common
Acute Anxiety (Bad anxiety)
Feeling of apprehension or dread resulting from a real or per…
Reaction to specific danger... Preparing for flight or fight and…
Most prevalent lifetime psychiatric disorder in the US... 1 out…
Precipitated by loss or change... Normal and expected
anxiety
Feeling of apprehension or dread resulting from a real or per…
Fear
Reaction to specific danger... Preparing for flight or fight and…
28 terms
Anxiety
autonomic effects of anx
two major components of anx
Abnormal anx
anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
interferes with normal social or occupational functioning
physiological, protective response to real or potential threa…
autonomic effects of anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
two major components of anx
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
68 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Depression
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
OCD, PTSD
This disorder is associated with hyperthyroidism and *lack…
This disorder is associated with hypothyroidism *lack of Do…
Buspirone ONLY works for this type of anxiety disorder.
Benzodiazepines should be AVOIDED in the treatment of the…
Anxiety
This disorder is associated with hyperthyroidism and *lack…
Depression
This disorder is associated with hypothyroidism *lack of Do…
Anxiety
Anxiety def and effect on self
Nurses Role in Stress
Mild Anxiety
Moderate Anxiety
-uneasiness, extreme discomfort, dread, worry from a real or…
-assess and ID anxiety... -diagnostic tests to rule out other di…
motivator to take action... promotes learning
alert with narrowed perceptual fields, ability to shut out pe…
Anxiety def and effect on self
-uneasiness, extreme discomfort, dread, worry from a real or…
Nurses Role in Stress
-assess and ID anxiety... -diagnostic tests to rule out other di…
Anxiety
What is anxiety?
Anxiety Epidemiology
Which gender does anxiety affect more?…
Co-morbidities Assoc. w/ Anxiety
Vague... Subjective... Nonspecific... Uneasiness, tension, dread... No id…
- 10-25% population... - $42.3 billion annual cost to US economy…
- Female > Male... - Affects ages across the life span, however…
***Co-morbidity with depression! ... - 20-65% of those with anxi…
What is anxiety?
Vague... Subjective... Nonspecific... Uneasiness, tension, dread... No id…
Anxiety Epidemiology
- 10-25% population... - $42.3 billion annual cost to US economy…
76 terms
Anxiety
Anti-depressants used for OCD
Clomipramine moa... 2
Clomipramine ... 1. side effects... 2. uni…
FluVoxamine (SSRI) unique features... 2
1. Clomipramide... 2. FluVoxamine
3 TCA & SSRI
1. both from 3 TCA & SSRI... 2. seizures (BAM-C)... 3. OCD
1. Potent CYP1A2... 2. NO active metabolite
Anti-depressants used for OCD
1. Clomipramide... 2. FluVoxamine
Clomipramine moa... 2
3 TCA & SSRI
Anxiety
autonomic effects of anx
two major components of anx
Abnormal anx
anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
interferes with normal social or occupational functioning
physiological, protective response to real or potential threa…
autonomic effects of anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
two major components of anx
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
45 terms
Anxiety
Normal Anxiety
Mild Anxiety
Moderate Anxiety
Severe Anxiety
Healthy response to stress that is essential for survival
Restlessness, increased motivation, irritability
Agitation, muscle tightness
Inability to function, ritualistic behavior, unresponsive
Normal Anxiety
Healthy response to stress that is essential for survival
Mild Anxiety
Restlessness, increased motivation, irritability
19 terms
Anxiety
Triazolam
Midazolam
Lorazepam
Alprazolam
short acting - benzo
short acting- benzo
intermediate acting- benzo
intermediate acting- benzo
Triazolam
short acting - benzo
Midazolam
short acting- benzo
Anxiety
What is the difference between anxiety…
Why does anxiety occur?
Does anxiety occur more in men or women?
What are the levels of anxiety?
Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension, uneasiness, uncertainty…
Manifested when feelings are suppressed and not expressed in…
Women (diagnosed more, anyway)
Mild, moderate, severe, panic
What is the difference between anxiety…
Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension, uneasiness, uncertainty…
Why does anxiety occur?
Manifested when feelings are suppressed and not expressed in…
7 terms
Anxiety
What is the IMMEDIATE nursing action f…
Nursing Interventions for Mild-Mod Anx…
Nursing Interventions for Severe to pa…
Characteristics of Mild anxiety
to decrease the stimuli ... and provide a calm quiet environment…
Help identify the anxiety ... Encourage the client to talk about…
Reduce the anxiety quickly... use a calmer manner ... remain with p…
Tension of everyday life ... can be motivating, produce growth a…
What is the IMMEDIATE nursing action f…
to decrease the stimuli ... and provide a calm quiet environment…
Nursing Interventions for Mild-Mod Anx…
Help identify the anxiety ... Encourage the client to talk about…
19 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Anxiety Disorder
Mild or moderate anxiety acts as?
Sometimes, fear or anxiety occurs even…
A fundamental human emotion that produces bodily reactions th…
Fear or anxiety symptoms that interfere with an individual's…
A safeguard to keep us from ignoring danger.
No danger is present, resulting in an anxiety disorder.
Anxiety
A fundamental human emotion that produces bodily reactions th…
Anxiety Disorder
Fear or anxiety symptoms that interfere with an individual's…
16 terms
Anxiety
What is the controlled substance categ…
What birth defects does benzodiazepine…
What is the generic for Xanax?
What is the generic for Ativan?
C-IV
Cleft lip/palate and floppy infant syndrome
Alprazolam
Lorazepam
What is the controlled substance categ…
C-IV
What birth defects does benzodiazepine…
Cleft lip/palate and floppy infant syndrome
22 terms
anxiety
norep. anxiety
cortiosol anxiety
serotoninanxiety
gaba anxiety
increased
increased
decreaed
decreased
norep. anxiety
increased
cortiosol anxiety
increased
Anxiety
Process of Anxiety?
What are some non-medication ways to d…
What can happen if a patient with anxi…
Anxiety is a _______ cycle?
1. Thoughts ("now i'm really in danger.")... 2. Feel Bodily Symp…
Defense Mechanisms... Coping Behaviors... Spiritual/Cultural/Social…
Increase Anxiety... Difficulty Coping... Extreme Use of Defenses... Ex…
Viscous
Process of Anxiety?
1. Thoughts ("now i'm really in danger.")... 2. Feel Bodily Symp…
What are some non-medication ways to d…
Defense Mechanisms... Coping Behaviors... Spiritual/Cultural/Social…
28 terms
Anxiety
autonomic effects of anx
two major components of anx
Abnormal anx
anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
interferes with normal social or occupational functioning
physiological, protective response to real or potential threa…
autonomic effects of anx
Tachycardia;... Restlessness;... Sweating;... Difficulty sleeping
two major components of anx
Cognitive component: memory formation (hippocampus);... Affecti…
12 terms
Anxiety
First criteria for panic disorder
Second criteria for panic disorder
How many symptoms do you need for a pa…
What type of diagnosis is a panic attack
Recurrent UNEXPECTED panic attacks
At least one of the attacks has been followed by 1 month (or…
4 symptoms
It is not a specific diagnosis, but it is a specifier, an add…
First criteria for panic disorder
Recurrent UNEXPECTED panic attacks
Second criteria for panic disorder
At least one of the attacks has been followed by 1 month (or…
26 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Predisposing factors
Ego defensives
Precip stressros
A vague sense of apprehension accompanied by feelings of unce…
Bio - gen health, apa axis, NT... Psych - esteem, efficacy, resi…
Repress, suppress, regress... project, displace, deny... reaction f…
Trauma - seeing/happening ... Threats to phsyical being ... Threats…
Anxiety
A vague sense of apprehension accompanied by feelings of unce…
Predisposing factors
Bio - gen health, apa axis, NT... Psych - esteem, efficacy, resi…
53 terms
Anxiety
The psychiatric home care nurse visits…
A client who has been unable to leave…
A client who has been unable to leave…
A client who has been unable to leave…
ANS: D... Agoraphobia refers to the client's fear of open space…
ANS: A... Symptoms of anxiety disorders are often recognized by…
ANS: C... This response will allow the nurse to validate the po…
ANS: A... This intervention, a form of cognitive restructuring,…
The psychiatric home care nurse visits…
ANS: D... Agoraphobia refers to the client's fear of open space…
A client who has been unable to leave…
ANS: A... Symptoms of anxiety disorders are often recognized by…
6 terms
Anxiety
Remember
Breathe
What's the cause?
Breathe your project review
All is love. All good is love, all bad is love. Accept all in…
4 breaths to empty, 10 minutes to breathe to the pain body. S…
Give four breaths to each thing that is causing stress. With…
Breathe mindfulnessly through 5 minutes on each project
Remember
All is love. All good is love, all bad is love. Accept all in…
Breathe
4 breaths to empty, 10 minutes to breathe to the pain body. S…
36 terms
Anxiety
Fear vs. Anxiety
Fear vs. Anxiety vs. Depression Diagram
Fear Response: Corticol and Subcortica…
What are the three common fear reactio…
- Fear = current. It is the emotional response to real or per…
- depression as outlined in this figure is similar to the lea…
- Cortical and subcortical pathways in the brain bring about…
- Flight/flight response... - freeze response
Fear vs. Anxiety
- Fear = current. It is the emotional response to real or per…
Fear vs. Anxiety vs. Depression Diagram
- depression as outlined in this figure is similar to the lea…
6 terms
Anxiety
SSRIs and SNRIs
Hydroxyzine
Pregabalin
Propranolol
1st line... ... Initially dosed half the initial dose used for dep…
Vistaril ... -2nd line and occasionally used short term ... -FDA a…
Lyrica ... -Not FDA approved... -Useful if pt has neuropathic pain…
Inderal ... -Used to reduce sxs of stage fright or performance…
SSRIs and SNRIs
1st line... ... Initially dosed half the initial dose used for dep…
Hydroxyzine
Vistaril ... -2nd line and occasionally used short term ... -FDA a…
ANXIETY
What is the mechanism of action of the…
When dispensing a benzodiazepine, whic…
The use of benzodiazepines in pregnanc…
The buspirone dose must be lowered wit…
They potentiate GABA, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, resulti…
Controlled substance-dangerous unless used as directed, do no…
Cleft lip/palate, and floppy infant syndrome if taken prior t…
Grapefruit ... Verapamil... Diltiazem
What is the mechanism of action of the…
They potentiate GABA, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, resulti…
When dispensing a benzodiazepine, whic…
Controlled substance-dangerous unless used as directed, do no…
Anxiety
Feeling of worry, nervousness, or unea…
What Is The Most Common Mental Illness…
What Can YOU Do To Reduce YOUR Stress?…
What can anxiety affect in your life?
Anxiety
Anxiety
Finish homework earlier so you can sleep, relax, take deep br…
School work, relationships, sleep, sports, and more.
Feeling of worry, nervousness, or unea…
Anxiety
What Is The Most Common Mental Illness…
Anxiety
35 terms
Anxiety
4 Risk factors for social anxiety diso…
How long do symptoms (fears) need to l…
Nonpharm: What is first line for SAD t…
Pharm: What is 1st line for SAD treatm…
- female... - temperament... - genetic/physiological... - environmental
at least 6 months
CBT ~8-15 sessions
SSRI... - no superior agent
4 Risk factors for social anxiety diso…
- female... - temperament... - genetic/physiological... - environmental
How long do symptoms (fears) need to l…
at least 6 months
33 terms
[ANXIETY]
[DRUGS] that Commonly Cause [ANXIETY]
[MEDICAL CONDITIONS] that CAUSE [ANXIE…
[ANXIETY]: *[GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISOR…
[GAD]: [NON-PHARM]
-------------------------------------------------------------…
1. [CHRONIC][MEDICAL ILLNESS]... -----------------------------…
-------------------------------------------------------------…
1. [PSYCHOEDUCATION]... 2. [SHORT-TERM][COUNDELING]... *3. [STR…
[DRUGS] that Commonly Cause [ANXIETY]
-------------------------------------------------------------…
[MEDICAL CONDITIONS] that CAUSE [ANXIE…
1. [CHRONIC][MEDICAL ILLNESS]... -----------------------------…
27 terms
Anxiety
Anxiety
Cognitive Anxiety
Somatic Anxiety
Multidimensional Framework: Two compon…
A blend of physiological and psychological activation of an i…
Concerns or worries that reduce ability to focus of concentrate
Physiological and effective elements that develop directly fr…
Cognitive Anxiety & Somatic Anxiety
Anxiety
A blend of physiological and psychological activation of an i…
Cognitive Anxiety
Concerns or worries that reduce ability to focus of concentrate
1 of 10