Study sets matching "ap 2 endocrine system"

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Study sets matching "ap 2 endocrine system"

163 terms
AP2 Endocrine System
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Pituitary Gland
Pineal Gland
Control system of the body, faster responses, transmits infor…
Control system of the body, slower responses, produce and sen…
A pea-sized structure located at the base of the brain, just…
A small, cone-shaped structure forming the posterior region o…
Nervous System
Control system of the body, faster responses, transmits infor…
Endocrine System
Control system of the body, slower responses, produce and sen…
58 terms
AP 2 - endocrine system
Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands (5 total)
Thyroid Gland
Parathyroid Gland
The body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
Pituitary, thyroid, Parathyroid, adrenal, Pineal.
Effects metabolism
Regulates calcium
Endocrine System
The body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
Endocrine Glands (5 total)
Pituitary, thyroid, Parathyroid, adrenal, Pineal.
64 terms
AP2: Endocrine system
Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands
Gap Junctions
Neurotransmitters
The glands, tissues, and cells that secrete hormones
Most familiar hormones sources such as Pituitary, thyroid, an…
Join single-unit smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial an…
Are released by neurons, bind to receptors
Endocrine System
The glands, tissues, and cells that secrete hormones
Endocrine Glands
Most familiar hormones sources such as Pituitary, thyroid, an…
AP2 Endocrine system
hormone
exocrine glands
endocrine glands
The endocrine glands include
a mediator molecule that is released in one part of the body…
secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
secrete their products (hormones) into the interstitial fluid…
pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and pineal glands.
hormone
a mediator molecule that is released in one part of the body…
exocrine glands
secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
26 terms
AP2 Endocrine System
Hypophysis (Pituitary)
posterior pituitary
anterior pituitary
thyroid gland
Hypophysis (Pituitary)
posterior pituitary
AP2: Endocrine System
Endocrine System: Body's Major Control…
hormones
hormones control and integrate:
hormones only influence tissue cells t…
slow response, uses hormones (chemical messengers in blood),…
secreted by endocrine cells into the extracelluar fluid, trav…
reproduction; growth/development; maintenance of electrolytes…
aka the target cells
Endocrine System: Body's Major Control…
slow response, uses hormones (chemical messengers in blood),…
hormones
secreted by endocrine cells into the extracelluar fluid, trav…
153 terms
AP2: Endocrine System
Gap junctions... neurotransmitters... paracr…
Gap Juncitons
Neurotransmitters
Paracrines
4 main mechanisms of communication between cells
allows molecules, nutrients, and electrolytes to move from ce…
Released from presynaptic neurons to postsynaptic neuron
Secreted into tissue fluids to affect nearby cells
Gap junctions... neurotransmitters... paracr…
4 main mechanisms of communication between cells
Gap Juncitons
allows molecules, nutrients, and electrolytes to move from ce…
120 terms
AP2: Endocrine System
Homeostasis
Receptor
Afferent Pathway
Control Center
Stabe internal conditions despite a changing outside world; d…
Sensor that monitors the environment and responds to changes…
From receptor to Control Center
Determines the set point (range at which variable is maintain…
Homeostasis
Stabe internal conditions despite a changing outside world; d…
Receptor
Sensor that monitors the environment and responds to changes…
100 terms
AP2 Endocrine System
homeostasis
autoregulation (intrinsic)
extrinsic regulation
receptor
all body systems working together to maintain a stable intern…
automatic response in a cell, tissue, or organ to some enviro…
responses controlled by nervous and endocrine systems
receives the stimulus
homeostasis
all body systems working together to maintain a stable intern…
autoregulation (intrinsic)
automatic response in a cell, tissue, or organ to some enviro…
48 terms
AP2: Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Exocrine Glands
Functions of the endocrine system
What are the hormone mechanism of acti…
no ducts, release hormones into tissue fluids (like blood).
Ducts carry non-hormonal substances (like sweat and salvia) a…
secrete hormones/chemical messengers, controls cellular respi…
Alter plasma membrane permeability of membrane potential by o…
Endocrine glands
no ducts, release hormones into tissue fluids (like blood).
Exocrine Glands
Ducts carry non-hormonal substances (like sweat and salvia) a…
82 terms
AP2 - Endocrine System
Which is faster-acting, but slower? Th…
What are hormones?
Name 5 things the endocrine system con…
Which part of the nervous system does…
Nervous system.
Chemical messengers secreted into the extracellular fluid and…
1) reproduction.... 2) growth & development.... 3) maintenance of e…
Autonomic nervous system.
Which is faster-acting, but slower? Th…
Nervous system.
What are hormones?
Chemical messengers secreted into the extracellular fluid and…
AP & 2- Endocrine System
nervous system
nervous system
nervous system
nervous system
Which system uses nerve impulses and release messengers calle…
which system activation responses are quicker, typically with…
which system acts on specific muscles and glands?
in this system neurotransmitters are releases locally in resp…
nervous system
Which system uses nerve impulses and release messengers calle…
nervous system
which system activation responses are quicker, typically with…
56 terms
AP2 the Endocrine System
What is the one main difference betwee…
Primary Functions of the Endocrine Sys…
How does the Nervous System work diffe…
How does the Endocrine system work Dif…
Nervous System communication = Electrical impulses through Ne…
Maintain homeostasis, its effects on growth and development /…
NS= fast transmission of information, transmits over neurons,…
ES= Slow transmission of information, transmits chemicals to…
What is the one main difference betwee…
Nervous System communication = Electrical impulses through Ne…
Primary Functions of the Endocrine Sys…
Maintain homeostasis, its effects on growth and development /…
14 terms
AP2 Endocrine System
endocrine
pineal gland
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
glands, cells, tissues, secretes hormones... no ducts, releases…
#15... beneath posterior corpus callosum... secretes melotonin
stalk of #16... all end in RH/IH... growth hormone releasing hormon…
#1 on purple tray... below hypothalamus via infidibulum... sella tu…
endocrine
glands, cells, tissues, secretes hormones... no ducts, releases…
pineal gland
#15... beneath posterior corpus callosum... secretes melotonin
14 terms
AP 2 Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Posterior Pituitary
Anterior Pituitary
Thyroid Gland
H: Melatonin ... T:... E: regulates sleep cycle... D: None
H: Oxytocin... T: Uterus, Mammary Gland ... E: Contracts uterus dur…
H: Growth Hormone... T: Bones, muscle, cartilage... E: grows target…
H: Thyroxin (T4), Triiodothyronine (T3)... T: Multiple cells... E:…
Pineal Gland
H: Melatonin ... T:... E: regulates sleep cycle... D: None
Posterior Pituitary
H: Oxytocin... T: Uterus, Mammary Gland ... E: Contracts uterus dur…
52 terms
Endocrine System AP2
Diseases Associated with Endocrine Sys…
Endocrine system controls and integrat…
Endocrine system
Hormones
Acromegaly... Addison's Disease... Cushing's Syndrome... De Quervain's…
Reproduction... Growth and development... Maintenance of electrolyt…
acts with nervous system to coordinate and integrate activity…
chemical messengers transported in blood ... Responses slower bu…
Diseases Associated with Endocrine Sys…
Acromegaly... Addison's Disease... Cushing's Syndrome... De Quervain's…
Endocrine system controls and integrat…
Reproduction... Growth and development... Maintenance of electrolyt…
Endocrine system ap2
Growth ... Development ... Reproduction
Chemical messengers
Direct... Paracrine... Endocrine... Synaptic
Direct communication
The Endocrine System is responsible for regulating long-term…
The organs of the endocrine system are capable of carrying ou…
mechanisms of intercellular communication:
Exchange of ions and molecules between adjacent cells across…
Growth ... Development ... Reproduction
The Endocrine System is responsible for regulating long-term…
Chemical messengers
The organs of the endocrine system are capable of carrying ou…
25 terms
AP 2 Endocrine system
Anterior Pituitary
Posterior Pituitary
Pineal
Thyroid
HGH/GH-Human Growth Hormone/somatotropin ... TSH-Thyroid stimula…
OT/OXT-Oxytocin... ADH-Antidiuretic hormone/vasopressin
Melatonin
T3-Thyroxine... T4-Triiodothronine... CT-Calcitonin
Anterior Pituitary
HGH/GH-Human Growth Hormone/somatotropin ... TSH-Thyroid stimula…
Posterior Pituitary
OT/OXT-Oxytocin... ADH-Antidiuretic hormone/vasopressin
The endocrine system AP2
what are the 4 different mechanisms of…
Direct communication mechanism
Paracrine communication mechanism
endocrine communication mechanism
Direct, paracrine, Endocrine, synaptic
by ions via gap junctions
by paracrine fact
by hormones via the blood circulatory system
what are the 4 different mechanisms of…
Direct, paracrine, Endocrine, synaptic
Direct communication mechanism
by ions via gap junctions
105 terms
AP2 Ch.16 Endocrine System
Label endocrine glands: Hypothalamus... P…
The stimuli causing endocrine glands t…
Which of the following hormones helps…
Which hormone is the body's major meta…
humoral stimuli
antidiuretic hormone
Thyroid hormone
Label endocrine glands: Hypothalamus... P…
The stimuli causing endocrine glands t…
humoral stimuli
AP2 Endocrine System Pathology
Gigantism
Acromegaly
Dwarfism
Diabetes insipidous
gland: pituitary ... pathology: increased growth hormone in adu…
gland: pituitary... pathology: increased growth hormone in adul…
gland: pituitary ... pathology: decreased growth hormone in chi…
gland: pituitary ... pathology: decreased ADH (antidiuertic hor…
Gigantism
gland: pituitary ... pathology: increased growth hormone in adu…
Acromegaly
gland: pituitary... pathology: increased growth hormone in adul…
Endocrine system AP 2
Growth
Mammary glands
Thyroid
Stress/decrease of cortisol
Which hormone is regulated by the hypothalamus, and targets m…
Prolactin hormone stimulates milk production in the _____ ___…
Which gland is the target tissue of TSH? It stimulates the se…
Adrenocorticotropic hormone targets the adrenal cortex to sti…
Growth
Which hormone is regulated by the hypothalamus, and targets m…
Mammary glands
Prolactin hormone stimulates milk production in the _____ ___…
160 terms
AP2 - Baki - Endocrine System - Chapter 13
The endocrine system consists of gland…
Most chemicals that end with "ASE" are
Endocrine glands do not have
Hormones are very _________ ; therefor…
Hormones
Enzymes
Ducts
Potent
The endocrine system consists of gland…
Hormones
Most chemicals that end with "ASE" are
Enzymes
20 terms
AP 2 Endocrine System Quiz
The hypothalamus... a. rests in the sella…
The two functional portions of the pit…
The posterior pituitary... Select one:... a.…
A function of the hypothalamohypophysi…
d. regulates the secretory activity of the pituitary gland.
c. neurohypophysis and adenohypophysis
a. has a direct connection with neurons of the hypothalamus.
c. cary action potentials to the posterior pituitary causing…
The hypothalamus... a. rests in the sella…
d. regulates the secretory activity of the pituitary gland.
The two functional portions of the pit…
c. neurohypophysis and adenohypophysis
AP 2 (Peripheral Endocrine System)
Thyroid consists of what
Follicular cells make what 2 hormones…
Follicular cells also make what
Parathyroid hormone if made of what ce…
Thyroid follicles made of follicular cells
Thyroxine T4 90%... triiodothyronine T3 10%
Para follicular cells or C-cells that secrete calcitonin
Chief or principal
Thyroid consists of what
Thyroid follicles made of follicular cells
Follicular cells make what 2 hormones…
Thyroxine T4 90%... triiodothyronine T3 10%
AP Biology- Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Tropic hormones
Pheromones
Nitric Oxide
Releases hormones, chemicals released by ductless glands in…
Hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands to release the…
Hormones released by one animal that affect other animals
Hormone found in vertebrates ... Gas released by one cell and re…
Endocrine System
Releases hormones, chemicals released by ductless glands in…
Tropic hormones
Hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands to release the…
16 terms
Endocrine System - AP Bio
Releasing Hormones
Negative Feedback Loops
Anterior Pituitary Response
Anterior Pituitary Gland
Produced by hypothalamus, CRH = corticotropin releasing hormo…
Downstream hormones work to inhibit the production of upstrea…
Releasing Hormones binding to receptors begin cascade of reac…
Regulated by hypothalamus, neurons in hypothalamus make relea…
Releasing Hormones
Produced by hypothalamus, CRH = corticotropin releasing hormo…
Negative Feedback Loops
Downstream hormones work to inhibit the production of upstrea…
18 terms
AP Biology- Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Tropic hormones
Pheromones
Hypothalamus
Releases hormones, chemicals released by ductless glands in…
Hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands to release the…
Hormones released by one animal that affect other animals
Bridge between endocrine and nervous systems ... Sends electrica…
Endocrine System
Releases hormones, chemicals released by ductless glands in…
Tropic hormones
Hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands to release the…
Endocrine System - AP2 Final Exam
Overview
Target cells
Hormones
Synthesis and release of hormones
Second control system of the body via hormones... Interaction wi…
Have protein receptors on the plasma membrane to which hormon…
Alter membrane permeability by opening/closing ion channels…
regulated by negative feedback mechanisms
Overview
Second control system of the body via hormones... Interaction wi…
Target cells
Have protein receptors on the plasma membrane to which hormon…
36 terms
Endocrine system ap2 swtcc
Normal metabolism
Radiation... Evaporation
Radiation
Evaporation
Body heat. Heat gain is controlled by:
2 things that cause heat loss?
Most heat is lost by...?
Heat lost by sweating controlled by ANS?
Normal metabolism
Body heat. Heat gain is controlled by:
Radiation... Evaporation
2 things that cause heat loss?
18 terms
Endocrine system AP2 swtcc
Parathormone ... Calcitriol... Calcitonin
Parathyroid gland
Kidney
Thyroid
What 3 hormones raise or decrease calcium in blood?
Where is parathormone made?
Where is calcitriol made?
Where is calcitonin made?
Parathormone ... Calcitriol... Calcitonin
What 3 hormones raise or decrease calcium in blood?
Parathyroid gland
Where is parathormone made?
23 terms
AP2 endocrine system 18
hyposecretion
hypersecretion
Hyposecretion of hGH results in
hypersecretion of hGH during childhood…
abnormally decreased secretion
Abnormally increased secretion
pituitary dwarfism
gigantism
hyposecretion
abnormally decreased secretion
hypersecretion
Abnormally increased secretion
17 terms
AP2 Final - Chapter 16: Endocrine System
What are endocrine glands?
What are exocrine glands?
What is the endocrine system?
What are hormones?
Lack ducts and produce hormones
Have ducts and produce non-hormone substances like sweat and…
The body's second great controlling system (nervous is first)…
Chemical messengers released by cells into the blood that are…
What are endocrine glands?
Lack ducts and produce hormones
What are exocrine glands?
Have ducts and produce non-hormone substances like sweat and…
20 terms
AP Biology- Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Tropic hormones
Pheromones
Nitric Oxide
Releases hormones, chemicals released by ductless glands in…
Hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands to release the…
Hormones released by one animal that affect other animals
Hormone found in vertebrates ... Gas released by one cell and re…
Endocrine System
Releases hormones, chemicals released by ductless glands in…
Tropic hormones
Hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands to release the…
13 terms
Pre AP 2.4: nervous and endocrine systems
nervous system
neuron
axon
dendrite
organ system that consists of neurons, the spinal cord, and t…
a single cell in the nervous system. Receive signals from the…
long narrow middle part of neuron where signal is sent from o…
the front end of a neuron that receives a signal from the env…
nervous system
organ system that consists of neurons, the spinal cord, and t…
neuron
a single cell in the nervous system. Receive signals from the…
12 terms
AP Bio #2: Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Anterior Pituitary
Posterior Pituitary
Thyroid (1)
Brain... { Melatonin... Sleep, circadian regulation
Brain... { Growth Hormone (GH)... Cell growth
Brain... { Anti-diuretic Hormone (ADH)... Water balance; hold in f…
Throat... { T3/T4... Regulates metabolism
Pineal Gland
Brain... { Melatonin... Sleep, circadian regulation
Anterior Pituitary
Brain... { Growth Hormone (GH)... Cell growth
30 terms
AP2 Lab 1: Endocrine System
endocrine system
target cell
tropic hormones
blood
coordinates and integrates the function of all the different…
hormones exert effects only on these cells which possess rece…
stimulate the secretion of other hormones
what carries the hormone to a target cell?
endocrine system
coordinates and integrates the function of all the different…
target cell
hormones exert effects only on these cells which possess rece…
Exam 1: Endocrine System (AP 2 Lecture)
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
Fenestrated Capillaries (Endocrine Gla…
Liver Cells
1) Secrete their products by the way of duct onto an epitheli…
1) Ductless and release their secretions into the bloodstream…
1) High density of blood capillaries, which serve to pick up…
Act as both exocrine cells (secreting bile into ducts that le…
Exocrine Glands
1) Secrete their products by the way of duct onto an epitheli…
Endocrine Glands
1) Ductless and release their secretions into the bloodstream…
36 terms
AP2 Endocrine & Reproductive systems
The relationship between the hormones…
Which of the following is TRUE concern…
Iodine is necessary for the production…
The adenohypophysis is DIRECTLY affect…
Integrative
Target cell has receptor
T3
Hypothalamus
The relationship between the hormones…
Integrative
Which of the following is TRUE concern…
Target cell has receptor
AP Psychology 2.6 The Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Pancreas
Diabetes
Homeostasis
The body's system of glands that release their secretions, ca…
An endocrine gland located near the stomach -produces insulin
A metabolic disease involving the insufficient production of…
The tendency of systems to maintain a steady, internally bala…
Endocrine System
The body's system of glands that release their secretions, ca…
Pancreas
An endocrine gland located near the stomach -produces insulin
130 terms
AP2- Endocrine System (18).
What two systems regulate homeostasis?
What does the nervous system do?
How do neurons in the nervous system c…
What does the endocrine system do?
The endocrine system and the nervous system.
Sends messages via rapid repsonses, long duration, mediated b…
Through cellular communication.
It sends messages via slow responses, long duration, and mess…
What two systems regulate homeostasis?
The endocrine system and the nervous system.
What does the nervous system do?
Sends messages via rapid repsonses, long duration, mediated b…
AP 2 Special Senses and Endocrine System
20/15 Vision
A sty
All target cells
Ampulla
You can see objects at 20 feet that individuals with normal e…
May involve: a sebaceous glad or tarsal gland... Is often caused…
Have hormone receptors... Respond to chemical signals
Conveys information about head position with respect to gravi…
20/15 Vision
You can see objects at 20 feet that individuals with normal e…
A sty
May involve: a sebaceous glad or tarsal gland... Is often caused…
38 terms
AP2 Dream Team Review: Endocrine System
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
aldosterone hormone
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
secreted by posterior pituitary gland; targets kidneys causin…
released by thyroid; stimulates calcium deposition in bones
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
aldosterone hormone
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
AP2 Chapter 16 Endocrine System
Endocrinology involves the study of th…
Which of the following is NOT a major…
Autocrines are long-distance chemical…
Steroids are synthesized from ________…
hormones
kidney
False
cholesterol
Endocrinology involves the study of th…
hormones
Which of the following is NOT a major…
kidney
24 terms
Endocrine system section 16 part 2 AP2
hypophyseal portal system... -hypothalamu…
hypothalmic hypophyseal tract... -hypotha…
Anterior:(adenohypophysis) ... -pituitary…
Posterior (neurohypophysis) RELEASE ON…
left ball
right ball
hypophyseal portal system... -hypothalamu…
hypothalmic hypophyseal tract... -hypotha…
Endocrine System (AP Psych Module 2)
Hormone
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
Adrenal Gland
Chemical messengers within the body
Master gland, growth gland
Controls metabolism, emotions
Releases hormone adrenaline... Used in emergencies
Hormone
Chemical messengers within the body
Pituitary Gland
Master gland, growth gland
43 terms
AP chp9 endocrine system vocab2
Adrenal Glands
Adrenal Cortex
Corticosteroids
Aldosterone
bean shaped-curve over kidneys-the central region is enclosed…
produces 3 major groups of steroid hormones called corticoste…
mineralocoricoids, glucocorticoids, and sex hormones- produce…
...
Adrenal Glands
bean shaped-curve over kidneys-the central region is enclosed…
Adrenal Cortex
produces 3 major groups of steroid hormones called corticoste…
107 terms
AP2 Chapter 17 Endocrine System
Describe similarities and differences…
Endocrine system
Nervous system
Nervous system Endocrine system compare
*nervous system targets specific neurons, muscles, or glands…
Long response
Quick response
In response to stimuli both systems release chemical substanc…
Describe similarities and differences…
*nervous system targets specific neurons, muscles, or glands…
Endocrine system
Long response
Endocrine System AP
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Endo
Hyper
Oxy
DKA
within
above
quick
Diabetic ketoacidosis
DKA
Endo
within
11 terms
AP Bio <Endocrine System>
signal transduction pathway
ligand
receptor protein
G protein
A series of steps linking a signal from a ligand to a specifi…
A chemical signaling molecule, such as epinephrine, that bind…
A transmembrane protein that docks a ligand, then changes sha…
When the receptor protein docks a ligand, it causes the alpha…
signal transduction pathway
A series of steps linking a signal from a ligand to a specifi…
ligand
A chemical signaling molecule, such as epinephrine, that bind…
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