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Study sets matching "ap anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "ap anatomy physiology"

87 terms
AP Bio Anatomy and Physiology
functions of the excretory system
osmoregulation
Nitrogenous waste
glomerulus
water conservation... osmoregulation... regulation of blood volume…
maintains cell integrity... --solute concentration of blood (iso…
ammonia--aquatic (toxic)... urea--mammals... uric acid--(very conce…
Filtering cappilary bed... blood pressure is the motive force
functions of the excretory system
water conservation... osmoregulation... regulation of blood volume…
osmoregulation
maintains cell integrity... --solute concentration of blood (iso…
41 terms
Anatomy and physiology AP
Tissues
4 main tissue types
Histology
Organs
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Epithelium ... Connective tissue ... Nervous tissue... Muscle tissue
Study of tissues
Group of tissues with same function
Tissues
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
4 main tissue types
Epithelium ... Connective tissue ... Nervous tissue... Muscle tissue
195 terms
Anatomy/Physiology - AP Biology
3 nutritional needs
Essential nutrients
Essential fatty acids
Essential amino acids
Chemical energy for cellular processes, organic building bloc…
Preassembled organic molecules and minerals required for some…
Animals cannot synthesize, contain one or more double bond
Remaining amino acids that must be obtained from food in pref…
3 nutritional needs
Chemical energy for cellular processes, organic building bloc…
Essential nutrients
Preassembled organic molecules and minerals required for some…
55 terms
AP Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Animal Hormone
Target Cells
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
Hormones can reach to all parts of the body, but due to speci…
- Outputs high speed electrical signals along cells (neurons)…
- Secretes hormones that produce slower, but long term respon…
Animal Hormone
Chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
Target Cells
Hormones can reach to all parts of the body, but due to speci…
15 terms
Nephron anatomy and physiology- AP Biology
Glomerulus
Bowman's Capsule
Efferent arteriole
Afferent arteriole
Tightly-woven ball of capillaries used for filtration
Cup-shaped structure used for blood filtration
Sends blood away from the glomerulus (connected to capillaries)
Takes blood into the glomerulus
Glomerulus
Tightly-woven ball of capillaries used for filtration
Bowman's Capsule
Cup-shaped structure used for blood filtration
41 terms
Anatomy and physiology AP
Tissues
4 main tissue types
Histology
Organs
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Epithelium ... Connective tissue ... Nervous tissue... Muscle tissue
Study of tissues
Group of tissues with same function
Tissues
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
4 main tissue types
Epithelium ... Connective tissue ... Nervous tissue... Muscle tissue
36 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: AP Biology
study of the structure and shape of th…
study of how the body and its parts wo…
Large structures, easily observable
Vey small structures, can only be view…
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
study of the structure and shape of th…
Anatomy
study of how the body and its parts wo…
Physiology
66 terms
AP Anatomy/Physiology: Anatomy Terms
Anatomy
Physiology
Anatomical Position
Superior
The study of the structure of body parts
The study of the function of body parts
Standing erect, face foward, arms ar side, with palms and toe…
Above another part of towards the head
Anatomy
The study of the structure of body parts
Physiology
The study of the function of body parts
AP Anatomy and Physiology
CNS
PNS
Afferent
Efferent
Central Nervous System [brain and brain stem]
Peripheral Nervous System [other nerves and shit]
skeletal, cns associated
reflexes and non-cns shit
CNS
Central Nervous System [brain and brain stem]
PNS
Peripheral Nervous System [other nerves and shit]
51 terms
AP Bio: Anatomy & Physiology
Alveoli
Antibodies
Artery
AV node
increase surface area, sacs/ducts, gas exchange: lungs <--> b…
from B cells (plasma cells), immunoglobulins, ... "handcuffs", p…
carried blood Away from the heart
atrioventricular node, conducts the normal electrical impulse…
Alveoli
increase surface area, sacs/ducts, gas exchange: lungs <--> b…
Antibodies
from B cells (plasma cells), immunoglobulins, ... "handcuffs", p…
17 terms
AP Anatomy and Physiology 2
Bio chemistry
Polymer
Monomer
Dehydration synthesis
the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physico…
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical
The joining of two molecules associated with the removal of a…
Bio chemistry
the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physico…
Polymer
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
Anatomy and Physiology LP&AP
local potential
action potential
ion channels
leak channel
travel short distance
travel entire length of axon
ions cannot diffuse through membrane need specific protein ch…
always open, ions flow down concentration gradient
local potential
travel short distance
action potential
travel entire length of axon
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
physiology
form determines
metabolism
Study of structure
Study of function
function and vice versa
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
anatomy
Study of structure
physiology
Study of function
61 terms
AP BIO Anatomy and Physiology
All circulatory systems have
Open Circulation
Closed Circulation
bigger animal =
circulatory fluid (blood)... tubes (blood vessels)... muscular pump…
insects and arthopods ... metabolically cheap ... blood bathes organs
mammals ... blood contained in vessels
needs more oxygen
All circulatory systems have
circulatory fluid (blood)... tubes (blood vessels)... muscular pump…
Open Circulation
insects and arthopods ... metabolically cheap ... blood bathes organs
32 terms
AP Anatomy and Physiology Regions
cephalic
frontal
orbital
nasal
head
forehead
eyesight
nose
cephalic
head
frontal
forehead
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Part 2 - AP Bio
Autoimmune diseases
Passive Immunity / Active immunity
Reabsorption
Filtration
A Mistake in the immune system where the body does not proper…
Passive; temporary. Antibodies are transferred from another a…
Process by which most water and valuable solutes that entered…
Molecules diffuse from the glomerulus into Bowman's capsule.…
Autoimmune diseases
A Mistake in the immune system where the body does not proper…
Passive Immunity / Active immunity
Passive; temporary. Antibodies are transferred from another a…
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal Cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Anatomical Position
Anatomy
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
A standard reference position used for describing location an…
Science that studies the form and composition of the the body…
Abdominal Cavity
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
cephalic
otic
occipital
abdominal
head
ear
back off head
gut
cephalic
head
otic
ear
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Endocrine
Respiratory
Muscular
Integument
main system that secretes regulating hormones
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
maintains posture, movement and generates most body heat. mov…
provides an outer covering of the body
Endocrine
main system that secretes regulating hormones
Respiratory
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
15 terms
Nephron anatomy and physiology- AP Biology
Glomerulus
Bowman's Capsule
Efferent arteriole
Afferent arteriole
Tightly-woven ball of capillaries used for filtration
Cup-shaped structure used for blood filtration
Sends blood away from the glomerulus (connected to capillaries)
Takes blood into the glomerulus
Glomerulus
Tightly-woven ball of capillaries used for filtration
Bowman's Capsule
Cup-shaped structure used for blood filtration
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1 Quiz (Intro to AP)
Which of the following anatomical term…
Choose the directional term that would…
Which feedback system structure receiv…
Which of the following structures or r…
Ocular
Anterior
Effector
Palm of the hand
Which of the following anatomical term…
Ocular
Choose the directional term that would…
Anterior
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal (Abdomen)
Acromion (Acromial)
Antebrachium (Antebrachial)
Antecubitis (Antecubital)
The abdomen (commonly called the belly) is the body space bet…
A bony process on the scapula.
Forearm... The part of the arm between the wrist and the elbow.
front of elbow
Abdominal (Abdomen)
The abdomen (commonly called the belly) is the body space bet…
Acromion (Acromial)
A bony process on the scapula.
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
ethmoid
frontal
lacrimal
mandible
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
bone that forms the forehead
small thin bones located at the front inner wall... of the orbit…
lower jawbone;largest and strongest bone on the face
ethmoid
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
frontal
bone that forms the forehead
141 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Liver
Gall Bladder
Pancreas
Spleen
Produces Bile, RUQ
Stores Bile, RUQ
Produces Insulin, LUQ
Vascular Organ in the LUQ, First line of defense in infection
Liver
Produces Bile, RUQ
Gall Bladder
Stores Bile, RUQ
55 terms
AP Bio Anatomy and Physiology Unit
Tissues
Organs
Organ Systems
Regulator
Groups of cells with similar appearance and common function
Different types of tissues organized into functional units
Groups of organs that work together
uses internal mechanisms to control internal change in the fa…
Tissues
Groups of cells with similar appearance and common function
Organs
Different types of tissues organized into functional units
27 terms
AP Anatomy/physiology: Muscle system
Excitability or irritability
Contractility
Extensibility
Elasticity
Ability tho receive and respond to stimuli
Ability to shorten forcibly
Ability to be stretched or extended
Ability to recoil and resume the original resting length
Excitability or irritability
Ability tho receive and respond to stimuli
Contractility
Ability to shorten forcibly
117 terms
The Cardiovascular System (Anatomy and Physiology AP)
Location of the heart
CPR (Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation)
size of heart
apex
behind the sternum in front of the thoracic vertebrae; middle…
rhythmic compressions to the heart
size of your fist, takes on the shape of your chest cavity
pointed end
Location of the heart
behind the sternum in front of the thoracic vertebrae; middle…
CPR (Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation)
rhythmic compressions to the heart
48 terms
AP Anatomy and Physiology Vocab #1
acr-
aden-
angi-
arthr-
extremity, peak
gland
blood vessel
joint
acr-
extremity, peak
aden-
gland
57 terms
AP Bio Anatomy and Physiology Unit
blood
endothermic (regulator)
ectothermic (conformer)
turpor
this is considered a connective tissue
bodies mainly warmed by cellular respiration
gains heat from external source
activity is low and metabolism is very slow (ex: hibernation…
blood
this is considered a connective tissue
endothermic (regulator)
bodies mainly warmed by cellular respiration
52 terms
AP Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 41b
Angular Movements
Circular Movements
Flexion
Dorsiflexion
•Flexion... -Dorsiflexion... -Plantar Flexion... •Extension... •Abducti…
•Rotation... -Supination... -Pronation... •Circumduction... •Inversion…
Decreases the angle of a joint. (Elbow moves the antebrachium…
Flexion of the foot upwards.
Angular Movements
•Flexion... -Dorsiflexion... -Plantar Flexion... •Extension... •Abducti…
Circular Movements
•Rotation... -Supination... -Pronation... •Circumduction... •Inversion…
20 terms
AP Anatomy and Physiology 9-16
logy
lysis
malacia
megaly
study of
destruction
abnormal softening
enlargement, large
logy
study of
lysis
destruction
64 terms
AP Anatomy & Physiology - Integumentary System
What are the functions of skin?
Skin (Cutis)
Epidermis
Dermis
The skin functions to protect, maintain body temperature, pic…
largest organ of the body... thickest on the dorsal and extensor…
epithelial layer
thicker connective tissue layer... tough but flexible loose conn…
What are the functions of skin?
The skin functions to protect, maintain body temperature, pic…
Skin (Cutis)
largest organ of the body... thickest on the dorsal and extensor…
20 terms
AP Anatomy and Physiology 9-9
nulli
poly
quad
semi
none
many
four
partial, half
nulli
none
poly
many
20 terms
AP Anatomy and Physiology 8-26
a
an
ante
anti
without, away from
without
before, in front of
against
a
without, away from
an
without
138 terms
AP Bio Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Ventral
Midsagittal
The study of the structures and organization of the body
The study of the functions of the body parts
The "bellyside" / front size
Plane vertically dividing the body into equal right and left…
Anatomy
The study of the structures and organization of the body
Physiology
The study of the functions of the body parts
927 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
dissection
embryology
body structures and relationships
the science of body functions
the careful cutting apart of body structures to study their r…
study of the first eight weeks of development after the ferti…
anatomy
body structures and relationships
physiology
the science of body functions
108 terms
Prefix-Suffix: AP Anatomy and Physiology
a-, an-
ab-
ad-
aero-
not without, less
away from
to, attached to
air, gas, oxygen
a-, an-
not without, less
ab-
away from
20 terms
AP Anatomy and Physiology 9-2
neo
pan
para
per
new
all
beside, beyond, near
through
neo
new
pan
all
39 terms
AP Bio Human Anatomy and Physiology
ectothermic
CNS
effector
hypothalamus
变温
中央神经系统
效应器
下丘脑
ectothermic
变温
CNS
中央神经系统
112 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
Median (midsagittal) plane
Frontal Plane
Transverse Plane
Oblique Plane
divides body in half
divides body vertically
divides body into superior and inferior regions
divides body at an angle
Median (midsagittal) plane
divides body in half
Frontal Plane
divides body vertically
47 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Homeostasis
osteoblasts
erythrocyte
Cartilage
the body's ability to maintain its normal state
cells that secretes the matrix for bone formation
a red blood cell that does not have a nucleus
flexible connective tissue that is attached to bones at the j…
Homeostasis
the body's ability to maintain its normal state
osteoblasts
cells that secretes the matrix for bone formation
29 terms
AP Anatomy & Physiology Cells Test
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Cell Membrane
All living things are made up of cells. Cells are the smalles…
Do not have structures surrounded by membrane. Few interval s…
Contain organelles surrounded by membranes. Most living organ…
Outer membrane. Acts as a barrier. Protects cell. Controls mo…
Cell Theory
All living things are made up of cells. Cells are the smalles…
Prokaryotic
Do not have structures surrounded by membrane. Few interval s…
Anatomy and Physiology -
What Is Anatomy ?
What is Physiology?
Name the six levels of structural orga…
Gross Anatomy
Is the study of the structure and shape of the body and their…
Is the study of how the body and its parts work or function.
Chemical level , Cellular level , Tissue level , organs level…
Observing our own body or study large body structures such as…
What Is Anatomy ?
Is the study of the structure and shape of the body and their…
What is Physiology?
Is the study of how the body and its parts work or function.
380 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
osseous tissue
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
remodeling
osteology
what is another name for bone tissue?
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
the construction of new bone tissue and breaking down of old…
the study of bone structure and ... treatment of bone disorders
osseous tissue
what is another name for bone tissue?
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
7 terms
AP Anatomy and Physiology Joints quiz
Arthritis
diarthrotic
amphiarthrotic
synarthrotic
Inflammation of a joint or joints
freely movable, contains synovial fluid... Monaxial, biaxial, tr…
slightly movable joint, can be fibrous or cartilaginous
immovable joint, can be fibrous or cartilaginous
Arthritis
Inflammation of a joint or joints
diarthrotic
freely movable, contains synovial fluid... Monaxial, biaxial, tr…
116 terms
anatomy and physiology
anatomy
physiology
structure and function
organization of anatomy
science that deals with the structure (morphology) of body pa…
the study of the function of the body parts
structure determines function
5 types : ... 1. gross anatomy. ... 2. regional anatomy. ... 3. system…
anatomy
science that deals with the structure (morphology) of body pa…
physiology
the study of the function of the body parts
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Final: Bones!
clavicle
scapula
humerus
ulna
clavicle
scapula
42 terms
Chapter 1 Anatomy & Physiology
abdominal
acromial
antebrachial
antecubital
region between the thorax and pelvis
Highest point of the shoulder
Forearm
Anterior surface of elbow
abdominal
region between the thorax and pelvis
acromial
Highest point of the shoulder
89 terms
AP Bio Anatomy and Physiology Test
incomplete digestive system
complete digestive system
peristalsis
Animal that has both a crop and gizzard
one opening for mouth and anus; in many lower animals
two openings; in higher animals
the rhythmic contractions of muscle tissue that move food thr…
Earthworm and grasshopper
incomplete digestive system
one opening for mouth and anus; in many lower animals
complete digestive system
two openings; in higher animals
424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
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