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Study sets matching "ap bio science"

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Study sets matching "ap bio science"

32 terms
Science Practices for AP Biology
Science Practice 1
SP 1.1
SP 1.2
SP 1.3
The student can use representations and models to communicate…
The student can create representations and models of natural…
The student can describe representations and models of natura…
The student can refine representations and models of natural…
Science Practice 1
The student can use representations and models to communicate…
SP 1.1
The student can create representations and models of natural…
48 terms
Pre-AP Biology Nature of Science test
scalpel
thermometer
distilled water bottle
pipette
scalpel
thermometer
Science | Biology | AP Bio | Plant Vocab
Apical bud
Axillary bud
Blade
Compound leaf
The tip of a growing shoot
It's located at an upper angle formed by a leaf and the stem.
The flat and expanded part of a leaf
Multiple leaflets
Apical bud
The tip of a growing shoot
Axillary bud
It's located at an upper angle formed by a leaf and the stem.
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
AP Biology Chapter 1.3 science processes
Inductive reasoning
hypothesis
deductive reasoning
experimental group
derive generalizations based on a large number of specific ob…
a tentative answer to a well-framed question (explanation on…
from the general to the specific.
the group that is being manipulated. the group being experime…
Inductive reasoning
derive generalizations based on a large number of specific ob…
hypothesis
a tentative answer to a well-framed question (explanation on…
56 terms
AP Biology-Wainwright: The Language of Science
a or an
meso
endo
aero
not or non
middle
inner, inside
needing oxygen or air
a or an
not or non
meso
middle
66 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
Evolution
DNA
Biology
Emergent properties
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
The scientific study of life
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
31 terms
AP Biology Ch.1-The Science Of Biology
Homeostasis
Atoms
Molecules
Organelles
Organisms maintain relatively constant internal conditions th…
The fundamental elements of matter
Atoms joined into clusters
Assembled tiny structures of complex biological molecules
Homeostasis
Organisms maintain relatively constant internal conditions th…
Atoms
The fundamental elements of matter
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular Repsiration
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
-process of using substances other than oxygen as reactants t…
-process for animal to breathe oxygen; aerobic + anaerobic... -C…
Fermentation
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
Aerobic Respiration
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
771 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
48 terms
Ch. 11 AP Environmental Science (Biodiversity and Conservation Biology)
Flagship Species
Siberian tiger
Rosy Periwinkle
Mass extinction
Especially interesting or attractive organisms that people re…
A tiger of a large and threatened race with a long thick coat…
Plant found to be effective in treating some forms of leukemi…
Period of time when global environmental changes lead to the…
Flagship Species
Especially interesting or attractive organisms that people re…
Siberian tiger
A tiger of a large and threatened race with a long thick coat…
1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
83 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3
isomers
structural isomers
geometric isomers
enantiomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
same covalent bonds, differ in arrangement around double bond
left and right handed (mirror images) of each other
isomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
structural isomers
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
61 terms
AP Biology: Evolution
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Hardy-Weinberg Equation(s)
Gene flow
Refers to the changes in one gene pool of a population
The development of an entirely new species
p² + 2pq + q² =1
Migration of individual's alleles into or out of the populati…
Microevolution
Refers to the changes in one gene pool of a population
Macroevolution
The development of an entirely new species
20 terms
AP Biology: Community Ecology
community
commensalism
habitat
symbiosis
A group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
A relationship between two organisms of different species whe…
type of environment in which a species typically lives
A relationship in which two different organisms live in close…
community
A group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
commensalism
A relationship between two organisms of different species whe…
56 terms
AP Environmental Science-Biology Review
organic vs inorganic
natural vs synthetic
kinetic vs potential energy
rocks vs minerals
organic- any molecule containing carbon... inorganic-any molecul…
natural-occurring in a plant, mineral, or animal source... synth…
potential-stored energy in an object due to position... kinetic-…
rock is made up of two or more minerals
organic vs inorganic
organic- any molecule containing carbon... inorganic-any molecul…
natural vs synthetic
natural-occurring in a plant, mineral, or animal source... synth…
20 terms
AP Bio: Basic Biology and Science Concepts
The Scientific Method
The Engineering Design Model
Inquiry Based Science
Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning
The Scientific Method is used for projects involving making o…
The Engineering Design Model is used for projects involving d…
Scientific inquiry is a system in which students learn how to…
Deductive reasoning begins with some statements, or premises,…
The Scientific Method
The Scientific Method is used for projects involving making o…
The Engineering Design Model
The Engineering Design Model is used for projects involving d…
56 terms
AP Environmental Science-Biology Review
organic vs inorganic
natural vs synthetic
kinetic vs potential energy
rocks vs minerals
organic- any molecule containing carbon... inorganic-any molecul…
natural-occurring in a plant, mineral, or animal source... synth…
potential-stored energy in an object due to position... kinetic-…
rock is made up of two or more minerals
organic vs inorganic
organic- any molecule containing carbon... inorganic-any molecul…
natural vs synthetic
natural-occurring in a plant, mineral, or animal source... synth…
49 terms
AP Biology Evolution
homologous structures
vestigial structures
convergent evolution
Hardy-Weinberg
structures in different species that are similar because of c…
remnants of features that served important functions in the t…
the independent evolution of similar features in different li…
the frequencies of alleles and genotypes in a population will…
homologous structures
structures in different species that are similar because of c…
vestigial structures
remnants of features that served important functions in the t…
27 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Amyloplast
Chromoplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
Stores starch amylose and turns in into glucosec... some plant c…
Responsible for the colors in plant... 4 to 5 um... plant cells only
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
31 terms
(AP Biology) Chapter 26
Phylogeny
Systematics
Taxonomy
Binomial
Evolutionary history of a species or a group of species.
Focused on classifying organisms and determining their evolut…
How organisms are named and classified.
Genus + specific epithet(unique for each species in a genus).
Phylogeny
Evolutionary history of a species or a group of species.
Systematics
Focused on classifying organisms and determining their evolut…
59 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 42
Closed circulatory system
Capillary beds
Cardiac cycle
Sytole
Blood is confined to vessels and separate from interstitial f…
Networks of capilaries where chemical exchange between the bl…
Rhythmic contraction and relaxation of the heart
contraction of the heart
Closed circulatory system
Blood is confined to vessels and separate from interstitial f…
Capillary beds
Networks of capilaries where chemical exchange between the bl…
148 terms
AP Biology Review
Dehydration
Hydrolysis
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
connecting monomers together by the removal of water
disassembling polymers by the addition of water
glucose + glucose = maltose / glucose + fructose = sucrose /…
Plants: starch (energy) and cellulose (structure)... Animals: gl…
Dehydration
connecting monomers together by the removal of water
Hydrolysis
disassembling polymers by the addition of water
15 terms
AP Biology Chapter 11
signal transduction pathway
hormones
ligand
protein kinase
The process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
Circulating chemical signals that are formed in specialized c…
A molecule that specifically binds to another molecule, often…
The enzyme that transfers phosphate groups from ATP to protein.
signal transduction pathway
The process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
hormones
Circulating chemical signals that are formed in specialized c…
100 terms
AP BIO - Science of Biology - Unit 1
Nature
Atoms
Molecules
Organism
everything in the universe except what humans have manufactured
fundamental building blocks of all substances
when atoms join together
an individual that consists of one or more cells
Nature
everything in the universe except what humans have manufactured
Atoms
fundamental building blocks of all substances
41 terms
AP Biology Cell Structure
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Organelle
Bacterial genome
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
"little organ" - compartmentalized structures that perform sp…
Very short, single circular chromosome that floats in the nuc…
Prokaryotic cell
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Eukaryotic cell
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
33 terms
AP Biology Ch 1: The Science of Biology
cellular complexity
ordered complexity
sensitivity
growth, development, and reproduction
organisms consist of one or more membrane bound cell
all living things are both complex and highly ordered
all living things respond to stimuli
all living things are capable of growing and reproducing
cellular complexity
organisms consist of one or more membrane bound cell
ordered complexity
all living things are both complex and highly ordered
20 terms
Cell Membrane - AP Biology
Selectively permeability
Osmosis
turgid
Amphipathic molecule
it allows some things to come through and some not
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
swollen as from a fluid; bloated
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
Selectively permeability
it allows some things to come through and some not
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
26 terms
AP Biology Chapter 23
microevolution
genetic variation
neutral variation
formation of genetic variation
evolution on its smallest scale
differences among individuals in the composition of their gen…
differences in DNA sequences that do not confer s selective a…
formation of new alleles, altering gene number of position, r…
microevolution
evolution on its smallest scale
genetic variation
differences among individuals in the composition of their gen…
31 terms
AP Biology - Energy & Enzymes
metabolism
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
bioenergenetics
The sum of the building & breaking reactions occurring in cells
Series of reactions that release energy by breaking down comp…
Series of reactions that consume energy to build complicated…
The study of how organisms manage their energy resources.
metabolism
The sum of the building & breaking reactions occurring in cells
catabolic pathways
Series of reactions that release energy by breaking down comp…
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
762 terms
AP Biology Study Set
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
bioenergenetics
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
Metabolic pathways that release energy by breaking down compl…
Metabolic pathways that consume energy to build complicated m…
The study of how organisms manage their energy resources.
metabolic pathway
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
catabolic pathways
Metabolic pathways that release energy by breaking down compl…
77 terms
AP Biology - Cells
plasma membrane
saturated fatty acid membrane
unsaturated fatty acid membrane
selectively permeable
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
packed tight; rigid membrane
not packed tight; flexible membrane
allows: small, unchanged, polar molecules; hydrophobic molecu…
plasma membrane
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
saturated fatty acid membrane
packed tight; rigid membrane
130 terms
AP Biology - Ecology Review
ecology
population
community
ecosystem
study of the distribution and abundance of organisms and thei…
group of individuals of the same species living in the same a…
group of populations of different species living in the same…
interrelationships between organisms in a community and their…
ecology
study of the distribution and abundance of organisms and thei…
population
group of individuals of the same species living in the same a…
425 terms
AP Biology
Elements
Oxygen
Carbon
Hydrogen
Elements are substances that cannot be broken down into simpl…
Oxygen is an element with symbol O and atomic number 8. It is…
Carbon is an non mental element with symbol O and atomic numb…
Hydrogen is an element with symbol H and atomic number 1. Hyd…
Elements
Elements are substances that cannot be broken down into simpl…
Oxygen
Oxygen is an element with symbol O and atomic number 8. It is…
61 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
47 terms
AP Biology
Epistemology
Noble Gases
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
study of life through a lens
full of electrons in outer shell (perfect nuns)
both atoms are happier when bonded together (strongest bond)
one atom takes a positive charge while the other atom takes o…
Epistemology
study of life through a lens
Noble Gases
full of electrons in outer shell (perfect nuns)
41 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:…
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen & relatively few ox…
monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
106 terms
DNA (AP BIOLOGY)
DNA-RNA-Protein-Trait
deoxyribonucleic acid
genetic code
stores; transmits
flow of biological info
what does DNA stand for?
DNA carries the ?
DNA ? and ? genetic info from one generation to the next
DNA-RNA-Protein-Trait
flow of biological info
deoxyribonucleic acid
what does DNA stand for?
60 terms
AP Biology Ecology
Population
Community
Ecosystem
Biotic
a localized group of individuals of the same species that can…
all the organisms that inhabit a particular area; as assembla…
all the organisms in a given area as well as the abiotic fact…
pertaining to the living organisms in the environment
Population
a localized group of individuals of the same species that can…
Community
all the organisms that inhabit a particular area; as assembla…
19 terms
Enzymes for AP Biology
catalyst
enzyme
activation energy
substrate
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction with…
protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowering the ac…
the amount of energy needed for a reaction to occur
the substance an enzyme acts on
catalyst
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction with…
enzyme
protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowering the ac…
23 terms
Cell Respiration - AP Biology
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Fermentation
The process by which cells break down organic molecules and u…
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
The first stage in cellular respiration or fermentation that…
Partial degradation (break down) of sugars in the absence of…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells break down organic molecules and u…
ATP
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
16 terms
Photosynthesis - AP Biology
Photosynthesis
Light dependent reactions
Photolysis
Noncyclic Photophosphorylation
6CO2 + 12H20 (light) - > C6H12O6 + 6O2... Process by which plan…
Use light directly to produce ATP in the grana... (1) Light is a…
Splitting of water to provide electrons (to replace those los…
Primary form of light-dependent reaction - ATP and NADPH are…
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 12H20 (light) - > C6H12O6 + 6O2... Process by which plan…
Light dependent reactions
Use light directly to produce ATP in the grana... (1) Light is a…
25 terms
AP Biology Pre-Assessment
Hydrophobic compounds
Organic compounds
Adenosine triphosphate
Carbohydrates
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Compounds containing carbon
molecule storing potential "free energy" for the cell
compounds that serve as fuel and building material for the cell
Hydrophobic compounds
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Organic compounds
Compounds containing carbon
137 terms
Basic Biochemistry AP Biology
Catabolic pathways
Word Roots: an-
Word Roots: glyco-
Word Roots: -lysis
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
sweet;
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
Catabolic pathways
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
Word Roots: an-
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
30 terms
Membranes & Transport - AP Biology
aquaporin
bulk transport
carrier protein
channel protein
Channel protein through which water can diffuse across a memb…
Movement of substances too large for protein transport into o…
Protein that combines with an transports a molecule or ion ac…
Protein that forms a channel that allows a particular molecul…
aquaporin
Channel protein through which water can diffuse across a memb…
bulk transport
Movement of substances too large for protein transport into o…
49 terms
Biochemistry - AP Biology
Amino Acid
Amino Group
Carbonyl Group
Carboxyl Group (Carboxylic Acid Group)
Amino Acid
Amino Group
20 terms
Cell Membrane - AP Biology
Selectively permeability
Osmosis
turgid
Amphipathic molecule
it allows some things to come through and some not
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
swollen as from a fluid; bloated
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
Selectively permeability
it allows some things to come through and some not
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
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