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Study sets matching "ap bio vocab chapter 4 molecular diversity"

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Study sets matching "ap bio vocab chapter 4 molecular diversity"

13 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and Molecular Diversity
What properties make carbon important?
major elements of life
isomers
structural isomers
-4 valence electrons... -can form up to 4 covalent bonds: single…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Sulfur, Phosphorus (CHONSP)
same chemical formula, but form different structure (same bui…
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
What properties make carbon important?
-4 valence electrons... -can form up to 4 covalent bonds: single…
major elements of life
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Sulfur, Phosphorus (CHONSP)
25 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 4 (Carbon and Molecular Diversity)
Organic chemistry
Isomers
Enantiomers
Hydroxyl group
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds)
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
One of two compounds that are mirror images of each other and…
A chemical group consisting of an oxygen joined to a hydrogen…
Organic chemistry
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds)
Isomers
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
19 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 4, Carbon and Molecular Diversity
Organic Chemistry
Carbon Compounds
Carbon Skeleton
-Ane
The study of carbon compounds
Contain carbon: ex., C6H12O6
The string of carbons which are the basis of carbon compounds…
the suffix associated with single bonds
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon compounds
Carbon Compounds
Contain carbon: ex., C6H12O6
25 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 4 (Carbon and Molecular Diversity)
Organic chemistry
Isomers
Enantiomers
Hydroxyl group
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds)
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
One of two compounds that are mirror images of each other and…
A chemical group consisting of an oxygen joined to a hydrogen…
Organic chemistry
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds)
Isomers
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
16 terms
[AP BIOLOGY] CHAPTER 4 _ CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Carbon
Single Carbon Bonds
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Skeletons
Total of 6 electrons, 4 in valence shell.
Tetrahedron, double carbon bonds are in the same plane.
The source of carbon for all the organic molecules found in o…
Straight, branched, or in closed rings.
Carbon
Total of 6 electrons, 4 in valence shell.
Single Carbon Bonds
Tetrahedron, double carbon bonds are in the same plane.
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
An organic molecule consisting of only hydrogen and carbon.
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
organic chemistry
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
hydrocarbons
An organic molecule consisting of only hydrogen and carbon.
19 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
An organic molecule consisting of only hydrogen and carbon.
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
organic chemistry
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
hydrocarbons
An organic molecule consisting of only hydrogen and carbon.
126 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Functional Groups:
The 7 functional groups:
Four Ways that Carbon Skeletons Can Va…
5-Methyl Cytosine
• Perform chemical reactions... • A group of atoms responsible f…
• Hydroxyl (--OH)... • Carbonyl (ketone, aldehyde) (>C=O)... • Carb…
• Length... • Branching... • Double Bond Position... • Presence of Rings
a component of DNA that has been modified by addition of a me…
Functional Groups:
• Perform chemical reactions... • A group of atoms responsible f…
The 7 functional groups:
• Hydroxyl (--OH)... • Carbonyl (ketone, aldehyde) (>C=O)... • Carb…
16 terms
[AP BIOLOGY] CHAPTER 4 _ CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Carbon
Single Carbon Bonds
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Skeletons
Total of 6 electrons, 4 in valence shell.
Tetrahedron, double carbon bonds are in the same plane.
The source of carbon for all the organic molecules found in o…
Straight, branched, or in closed rings.
Carbon
Total of 6 electrons, 4 in valence shell.
Single Carbon Bonds
Tetrahedron, double carbon bonds are in the same plane.
20 terms
Chapter 4 (carbon and the molecular diversity of life)- AP biology
The study of carbon compounds
The Swedish chemist who made the disti…
The German chemist that created urea b…
The student of Wohler's that made the…
organic chemistry
Jakob Berzelius
Friedrich Wohler
Hermann Kolbe
The study of carbon compounds
organic chemistry
The Swedish chemist who made the disti…
Jakob Berzelius
22 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
methane molecule
ethane molecule
ethene (ethylene) molecule
the study of compounds containing carbon
methane- when a carbon atom has four single bonds to other at…
ethane- a molecule may have more than one tetrahedral group o…
when two carbon atoms are joined by a joined by a double bond…
organic chemistry
the study of compounds containing carbon
methane molecule
methane- when a carbon atom has four single bonds to other at…
14 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Explain Stanley Miller's Experiment to…
Carbon Chain skeletons
hydrocarbon
isotope
1. Water mixture in the "sea" flask was heated; vapor entered…
straight, branched, closed rings
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen (ex:…
different atomic forms of the same element... ex: carbon-12
Explain Stanley Miller's Experiment to…
1. Water mixture in the "sea" flask was heated; vapor entered…
Carbon Chain skeletons
straight, branched, closed rings
8 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 4 Vocab (Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life)
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
cis-trans isomer
enantiomer
functional group
An adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
One of two compounds that are mirror images of each other and…
A specific figuration of atoms commonly attached to the carbo…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
An adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
cis-trans isomer
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
41 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 4 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Carbons
vitalism
mechanism
the study of carbon compounds... -a lot of organic compounds con…
the backbone of life... -able to form molecules that are large,…
belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physical a…
the view that all natural phenomena, including the processes…
Organic Chemistry
the study of carbon compounds... -a lot of organic compounds con…
Carbons
the backbone of life... -able to form molecules that are large,…
12 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Carbon's Versatility
COHN
Hydrocarbons
The study of carbon compounds.
Forms 4 covalent bonds with other atoms (single, double, and…
Elements that are easily paired because of valence compatibil…
Organic molecules made of only carbon and hydrogen; Hydrophob…
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon compounds.
Carbon's Versatility
Forms 4 covalent bonds with other atoms (single, double, and…
8 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
hydroxyl group
carbonyl group
carboxyl group
Amino group
(-OH) hydrogen atoms form a polar covalent bond with an oxyge…
consist of a carbon double bond to an oxygen. ... Called an alde…
a carbon double bond to an oxygen and attached to a hydroxyl…
consist of a nitrogen atom bonded to two hydrogens (-NH2).... Ca…
hydroxyl group
(-OH) hydrogen atoms form a polar covalent bond with an oxyge…
carbonyl group
consist of a carbon double bond to an oxygen. ... Called an alde…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and Molecular Diversity
the study of compounds that contain ca…
Carbon's Electron configuration allows…
Carbon has a Tetrahedral shape
Carbon has a flatter shape
organic chemistry
four atoms (tetravalence)
Single Bonds
Double Bonds
the study of compounds that contain ca…
organic chemistry
Carbon's Electron configuration allows…
four atoms (tetravalence)
13 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
amino group
ammonia
carbonyl group
carboxyl group
A chemical group consisting of a nitrogen atom bonded to two…
A small, very toxic molecule (NH3) produced by nitrogen fixat…
A chemical group present in aldehydes and ketones and consist…
A chemical group present in organic acids and consisting of a…
amino group
A chemical group consisting of a nitrogen atom bonded to two…
ammonia
A small, very toxic molecule (NH3) produced by nitrogen fixat…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and Molecular Diversity
the study of compounds that contain ca…
Carbon's Electron configuration allows…
Carbon has a Tetrahedral shape
Carbon has a flatter shape
organic chemistry
four atoms (tetravalence)
Single Bonds
Double Bonds
the study of compounds that contain ca…
organic chemistry
Carbon's Electron configuration allows…
four atoms (tetravalence)
41 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 4 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Carbons
vitalism
mechanism
the study of carbon compounds... -a lot of organic compounds con…
the backbone of life... -able to form molecules that are large,…
belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physical a…
the view that all natural phenomena, including the processes…
Organic Chemistry
the study of carbon compounds... -a lot of organic compounds con…
Carbons
the backbone of life... -able to form molecules that are large,…
24 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 4 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
study of carbon compounds
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
compounds with the same numbers of atoms of the same elements…
differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms
organic chemistry
study of carbon compounds
hydrocarbons
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
21 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic chemistry
Hydro carbons
Isomers
Structural isomers
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
Organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen
Compounds that have the same number of atoms of the same elem…
Differing in the arrangement of their atoms ... Ex. C8H18 can be…
Organic chemistry
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
Hydro carbons
Organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen
14 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 4 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
study of carbon compounds
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
compounds with the same numbers of atoms of the same elements…
differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms
organic chemistry
study of carbon compounds
hydrocarbons
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
25 terms
Chapter 4: Carbon & Molecular Diversity (Ap Bio)
What are the building blocks of protein?
What groups does an amino acid contain?
Carboxyl + amino=
Fatty acids are ____acids with ____tails
Amino acids
An amino group and a carboxyl group
Amino acid
Carboxylic, long
What are the building blocks of protein?
Amino acids
What groups does an amino acid contain?
An amino group and a carboxyl group
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4- Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
How does carbon enter the atmosphere?
What do most organic compounds contain…
What belief provided the foundation fo…
How was it proven that organic compoun…
through the action of plants
hydrogen
Vitalism
Kohler created urea but his discoveries were not believed unt…
How does carbon enter the atmosphere?
through the action of plants
What do most organic compounds contain…
hydrogen
11 terms
Chapter 4 AP BIO: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Carbon-Chain
Carbon's Tetravalence
Hydrocarbon
Study of organisms and compounds with carbon.
Varying is length and shape, forms the skeletons of most orga…
Allows bonding because of the four valence electrons; can for…
An organic molecule consisting only of Hydrogen and Carbon; C…
Organic Chemistry
Study of organisms and compounds with carbon.
Carbon-Chain
Varying is length and shape, forms the skeletons of most orga…
39 terms
AP Biology CH 4: CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
16 terms
AP Bio Chapter 4 (Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life)
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
study of carbon compounds
molecules consisting of only hydrogen and carbon; nonpolar
compounds with the same molecular formula; have different str…
differ in covalent arrangement of atoms; often in the locatio…
organic chemistry
study of carbon compounds
hydrocarbons
molecules consisting of only hydrogen and carbon; nonpolar
30 terms
AP Bio Micro Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
carbon based compounds
organic chemistry
Stanley Miller
abiotic
living molecules consist mostly of these
the study of compounds that contain carbon
scientist whose classic experiment demonstrated the abiotic s…
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
carbon based compounds
living molecules consist mostly of these
organic chemistry
the study of compounds that contain carbon
67 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
16 terms
Biology chapter 4 ( Carbon and Molecular Diversity Of Life)
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural isomers
The study of compounds containing carbon.
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen mole…
Compounds that have the same number of atoms and the same ele…
Differ in covalent arrangements of their atoms.
Organic Chemistry
The study of compounds containing carbon.
Hydrocarbons
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen mole…
24 terms
AP Bio: Chapter 4 (Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life)
organic chemistry
vitalism
Friedrich Wöhler
Stanley Miller's experiment
the study of carbon compounds (organic compound)
the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
a german chemist who tried to make an "inorganic" salt, ammon…
Experiment: He set up a closed system to mimic conditions tho…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds (organic compound)
vitalism
the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
8 terms
Biology chapter 4: carbon and the molecular diversity of life
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
the study of carbon compounds
molecules consisting of only hydrogen and carbon
compounds with the same number of atoms and the same elements…
isomers that differ in the covalent arrangement of atoms
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds
hydrocarbons
molecules consisting of only hydrogen and carbon
123 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 4; Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Functional Groups:
The 7 functional groups:
5-Methyl Cytosine
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
• Perform chemical reactions... • A group of atoms responsible f…
• Hydroxyl (--OH)... • Carbonyl (ketone, aldehyde) (>C=O)... • Carb…
a component of DNA that has been modified by addition of a me…
primary energy-transferring molecule in the cell
Functional Groups:
• Perform chemical reactions... • A group of atoms responsible f…
The 7 functional groups:
• Hydroxyl (--OH)... • Carbonyl (ketone, aldehyde) (>C=O)... • Carb…
20 terms
AP Bio Chapter 4 - Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of life
hydroxyl group
carbonyl group
carboxyl group
amino group
organic molecules with a hydroxyl group are called alcohols,…
C=O at end of molecule is aldehyde... C=O in middle of molecule…
acids have these (-COOH), carboxylic acids, donate H+
Amines, NH2 acts as a base, accept H+
hydroxyl group
organic molecules with a hydroxyl group are called alcohols,…
carbonyl group
C=O at end of molecule is aldehyde... C=O in middle of molecule…
9 terms
AP Bio- Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
Branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carbon c…
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen.
Compounds that have the same number of atoms of the same elem…
Differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms.
Organic Chemistry
Branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carbon c…
Hydrocarbons
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen.
20 terms
AP Biology CH 4: CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
22 terms
AP Bio Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life Vocab
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
study of carbon compounds
organic molecules consisting only of carbon and hydrogen
variation in the architecture of organic molecules
differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms
organic chemistry
study of carbon compounds
hydrocarbons
organic molecules consisting only of carbon and hydrogen
9 terms
AP Bio: Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Valence Electrons
4 ways Carbon Skeletons can vary
Hydrocarbons
Isomer
An electron in one of the outer shells of an atom that can pa…
- Vary in length... - May be branched or unbranched... - May have o…
Organic molecules consisting only of carbon and hydrogen. Not…
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but different…
Valence Electrons
An electron in one of the outer shells of an atom that can pa…
4 ways Carbon Skeletons can vary
- Vary in length... - May be branched or unbranched... - May have o…
14 terms
AP Bio Chapter 4 - Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
4 most common elements in living things
# of valence electrons in CHON
Structural isomers
Geometric isomers
CHON
Hydrogen = 1... Oxygen = 2 ... Nitrogen = 3... Carbon = 4
differ in covalent partners
differ in arrangement about a double bond, x represents an at…
4 most common elements in living things
CHON
# of valence electrons in CHON
Hydrogen = 1... Oxygen = 2 ... Nitrogen = 3... Carbon = 4
21 terms
AP Biology CH 4: CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Organic Chemistry
Functional Groups
Alcohols
Carbonyl Group
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
components (specific configuration of atoms commonly attached…
organic compounds containing hydroxyl groups.
a functional group present in aldehydes and ketones consistin…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Functional Groups
components (specific configuration of atoms commonly attached…
22 terms
AP Bio Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life Vocab
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
study of carbon compounds
organic molecules consisting only of carbon and hydrogen
variation in the architecture of organic molecules
differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms
organic chemistry
study of carbon compounds
hydrocarbons
organic molecules consisting only of carbon and hydrogen
13 terms
AP Biology CH 4: CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms…
organic compounds with the same molecular formula(same number…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms…
20 terms
AP Biology Chapter #4 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
Jons Jakob Berzelius
vitalism
Friedrich Wohler
the study of carbon compounds... - ranges from simple molecules…
a 19th century Swedish chemist who had made the distinction b…
the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
German chemist who attempted to make inorganic salt (ammonium…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds... - ranges from simple molecules…
Jons Jakob Berzelius
a 19th century Swedish chemist who had made the distinction b…
20 terms
Chapter 4 Biology: C & the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Molecules
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Carbons can form __ covalent bonds
Molecules that contain C (and H)
Study of carbon compounds
Compounds that contain only C & H
4
Organic Molecules
Molecules that contain C (and H)
Organic Chemistry
Study of carbon compounds
9 terms
AP Bio: Chapter 4 - Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbon
Carbon skeleton
Isomers
The study of carbon compounds. Any carbon compound is conside…
Organic molecule consisting of only carbon and hydrogen. In h…
Chains of carbon atoms bonded together in varying lengths. Th…
Compounds that have the same number of atoms of the same elem…
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon compounds. Any carbon compound is conside…
Hydrocarbon
Organic molecule consisting of only carbon and hydrogen. In h…
126 terms
Campbell Biology; Tenth Edition; Chapter 4; Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Functional Groups:
The 7 functional groups:
Four Ways that Carbon Skeletons Can Va…
5-Methyl Cytosine
• Perform chemical reactions... • A group of atoms responsible f…
• Hydroxyl (--OH)... • Carbonyl (ketone, aldehyde) (>C=O)... • Carb…
• Length... • Branching... • Double Bond Position... • Presence of Rings
a component of DNA that has been modified by addition of a me…
Functional Groups:
• Perform chemical reactions... • A group of atoms responsible f…
The 7 functional groups:
• Hydroxyl (--OH)... • Carbonyl (ketone, aldehyde) (>C=O)... • Carb…
13 terms
ap bio chapter 4: carbon and the molecular diversity of life
organic chemistry
vitalism
methane
ethane
study of carbon compounds
the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
when a carbon atoms has four single bonds to other atoms, the…
a molecule man have more than one tetrahedral group of single…
organic chemistry
study of carbon compounds
vitalism
the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
14 terms
AP Bio-Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Hydroxyl Group
Carbonyl Group
Carboxyl Group
Amino Group
-is polar due to electronegative oxygen.... -forms hydrogen bond…
-sugars with ketone groups are called ketoses; those with ald…
-acts as an acid (can donate H+) because the covalent bond be…
-acts as a base; can pick up an H+ from the surrounding solut…
Hydroxyl Group
-is polar due to electronegative oxygen.... -forms hydrogen bond…
Carbonyl Group
-sugars with ketone groups are called ketoses; those with ald…
19 terms
AP Bio Chapter 4 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic chemistry
carbon atoms
theme
organic molecules
study of carbon compounds... physical and chemical laws govern p…
can form diverse molecules by bonding to four other atoms
emergent properties arise from organization of matter in livi…
ranges from simple molecules to complicated proteins and macr…
Organic chemistry
study of carbon compounds... physical and chemical laws govern p…
carbon atoms
can form diverse molecules by bonding to four other atoms
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