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66 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
Evolution
DNA
Biology
Emergent properties
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
The scientific study of life
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
17 terms
Biochemistry 1 - AP Biology
Polar Molecule
Hydrophilic
Nonpolar Molecule
Hydrophobic
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Water loving
A symmetrical or balanced molecule with no charge; hydrophobi…
Water fearing
Polar Molecule
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Hydrophilic
Water loving
33 terms
AP Biology: Big Idea 1
natural selection
evolutionary adaptation
artificial selection
fitness
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
Humans modifying species for desired traits through selective…
better chance of surviving in a given environment and will le…
natural selection
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
evolutionary adaptation
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
26 terms
AP Biology - Biochemistry #1
polar covalent bond
polar
cohesion
adhesion
a strong bond present between the oxygen and hydrogen within…
a molecule that has an uneven distribution of electrons, so t…
a result of hydrogen bonding, water molecules are attracted t…
a result of hydrogen bonds and van der waals forces, water is…
polar covalent bond
a strong bond present between the oxygen and hydrogen within…
polar
a molecule that has an uneven distribution of electrons, so t…
67 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
Adaptation
Animal (characteristics)
Binomial nomenclature
Biodiversity
A species modification in structure, function, or behavior th…
Multicellular, eukaryote undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve final f…
Scientific name of an organism, the first part designates the…
Total number of species, variability of their genes, & commun…
Adaptation
A species modification in structure, function, or behavior th…
Animal (characteristics)
Multicellular, eukaryote undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve final f…
66 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
Evolution
DNA
Biology
Emergent properties
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
The scientific study of life
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1-5
What's the difference between a prokar…
Difference between starch and cellulose
Secondary protein structure
Storage polysaccharides
Prokaryotes don't have nucleus or other membrane bound organe…
starch has alpha glycosidic linkages whereas cellulose has be…
interaction of backbone, hydrogen bonding causing alpha helix…
starch, glycogen- alpha glycosidic linkages
What's the difference between a prokar…
Prokaryotes don't have nucleus or other membrane bound organe…
Difference between starch and cellulose
starch has alpha glycosidic linkages whereas cellulose has be…
56 terms
AP Biology: Unit 1
Why are water molecules polar?
What are the 4 properties of water?
Cohesive behavior
Adhesion
uneven distribution of electrons between hydrogen and oxygen
cohesive behavior, ability to moderate temperature, expansion…
the linking of like molecules; water molecules stick together…
water molecules stick to other molecules
Why are water molecules polar?
uneven distribution of electrons between hydrogen and oxygen
What are the 4 properties of water?
cohesive behavior, ability to moderate temperature, expansion…
21 terms
Chapter 1 - AP Biology
Eukaryotic Cell
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Deductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule, consisting…
A type of logic in which specific results are predicted from…
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…
Eukaryotic Cell
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule, consisting…
101 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
cohesion
adhesion
specific heat
hydrogen bonding
molecules stick together
attraction between different substances
amount of heat that must be absorbed or lost for 1 g of subst…
water's high specific heat is a result of ___
cohesion
molecules stick together
adhesion
attraction between different substances
45 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Water
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
21 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
biology
organisms
Biological Order
structure
"the study of life"
A living thing that is highly organized
A recognizable pattern that every organism should have.
A "building-up" of something from different parts.
biology
"the study of life"
organisms
A living thing that is highly organized
59 terms
AP Biology, Ch. 1
Biology
Order
Evolutionary adaption
Response to the environment
Study of life
Highly organized structure that characterizes life
changes over time through generations by the reproductive suc…
property of life where the plant/animal respond to environmen…
Biology
Study of life
Order
Highly organized structure that characterizes life
202 terms
AP Biology: Unit 1
What is an atom?
What composes an atom?
What is a proton?
What is an electron?
smallest unit of matter that retains it properties
neutrons, protons, electron
a positively charged particle inside of the nucleus
a negatively charged particle surrounding the nucleus
What is an atom?
smallest unit of matter that retains it properties
What composes an atom?
neutrons, protons, electron
115 terms
AP BIOLOGY: UNIT 1
abiotic
biomass
protobiont
enzymes
non-living
dry weight of an organism
first life form
biological catalyst for chemical reactions
abiotic
non-living
biomass
dry weight of an organism
55 terms
AP Biology Quarter 1 Review
explain the difference between organic…
building blocks of carbs, lipids, prot…
bond created between carbs, lipids, pr…
an example of carbs, lipids, proteins…
organic contain both carbon and hydrogen. inorganic contain o…
monosaccharides, 3 fatty acids and a glycerol, amino acids, a…
glycosidic linkage, ester linkage, peptide bonds, and hydroge…
starch, fat, transport, and DNA
explain the difference between organic…
organic contain both carbon and hydrogen. inorganic contain o…
building blocks of carbs, lipids, prot…
monosaccharides, 3 fatty acids and a glycerol, amino acids, a…
62 terms
AP Biology Semester 1 Final
Anabolic
Archaea
Bacteria
Biology
A process in which large molecules are built from small molec…
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls contai…
Study of life
Anabolic
A process in which large molecules are built from small molec…
Archaea
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
44 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Water
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
adhesion
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
Water molecules sticking to other surfaces.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
electronegativity
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
68 terms
AP Biology Big Idea #1
Fitness
Directional Selection
Disruptive Selection
Stabilizing Selection
The contribution an individual makes to the gene pool of the…
Most common when a population's environment changes or when m…
Occurs when conditions favor individuals on both extremes of…
Acts against extreme phenotypes and favors intermediate varia…
Fitness
The contribution an individual makes to the gene pool of the…
Directional Selection
Most common when a population's environment changes or when m…
68 terms
AP Biology Big Idea #1
Fitness
Directional Selection
Disruptive Selection
Stabilizing Selection
The contribution an individual makes to the gene pool of the…
Most common when a population's environment changes or when m…
Occurs when conditions favor individuals on both extremes of…
Acts against extreme phenotypes and favors intermediate varia…
Fitness
The contribution an individual makes to the gene pool of the…
Directional Selection
Most common when a population's environment changes or when m…
22 terms
AP Biology Cell Parts 1
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Chromatin
selective barrier that allows sufficient passage of oxygen, n…
contains the genes and is usually the most conspicuous organe…
encloses the nucleus, separating it from the cytoplasm
fibrous threadlike complex of DNA
Cell Membrane
selective barrier that allows sufficient passage of oxygen, n…
Nucleus
contains the genes and is usually the most conspicuous organe…
444 terms
AP Biology Semester 1
matter
element
compound
essential elements
anything that takes up space and has mass
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
a chemical element required for an organism to survive, grow,…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
56 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
32 terms
AP Biology Semester 1
Evolution: artificial selection
Evolution: natural selection
Evolution: sexual selection
Evolution: genetic drift
humans select desirable traits & selectively breed individual…
--> indvs w/ best traits for environment survive & reproduce…
traits don't give obvious survival advantages; only in sexual…
--> small populations, loss of genetic variation
Evolution: artificial selection
humans select desirable traits & selectively breed individual…
Evolution: natural selection
--> indvs w/ best traits for environment survive & reproduce…
64 terms
AP Biology - 1 Biochemistry
元素
痕量元素
原子
质子
elements
trace elements
atom
protons
元素
elements
痕量元素
trace elements
31 terms
Evolution AP Biology Vocabulary Part 1
natural selection
evolutionary adaptation
artificial selection
decent with modification
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
Humans modifying species for desired traits through selective…
Darwin's way of referring to evolution.
natural selection
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
evolutionary adaptation
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
70 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
153 terms
AP Biology S1
T-Independent Antigens
Neutralization
Immunoglobins
Opsonization
Antigens that can stimlate antibody production only with help…
An immune reponse in which an antibody binds to and blocks th…
One of the class of proteins comprising the anitbodies
An immune response in which the binding of antibodies to the…
T-Independent Antigens
Antigens that can stimlate antibody production only with help…
Neutralization
An immune reponse in which an antibody binds to and blocks th…
13 terms
AP Biology Vocab #1
Atom
Ion
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
The basic unit of a chemical element. EX: Hydrogen has these…
An atom or molecule with a net electronic negative charge due…
A chemical bond formed between to ions with opposite charges.…
A chemical bond forms by the sharing of one or more electrons…
Atom
The basic unit of a chemical element. EX: Hydrogen has these…
Ion
An atom or molecule with a net electronic negative charge due…
124 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
How many natural elements are there?
What are the four main elements that m…
What element is all life based on?
What elements make up the rest?
92
hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen
carbon
potassium, phosphorus, sulfur, calcium (kpsc-king Phillip sin…
How many natural elements are there?
92
What are the four main elements that m…
hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen
32 terms
AP Biology: Big Idea 1 - MUST KNOW!
natural selection
evolutionary adaptation
artificial selection
fitness
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
Humans modifying species for desired traits through selective…
better chance of surviving in a given environment and will le…
natural selection
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
evolutionary adaptation
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
112 terms
AP BIOLOGY TOPIC 1
matter
element
compound
Which four elements make up 96% of liv…
anything that takes up space and has mass
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
substance consisting of two or more elements combined in a fi…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
112 terms
AP BIOLOGY TOPIC 1
matter
element
compound
Which four elements make up 96% of liv…
anything that takes up space and has mass
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
substance consisting of two or more elements combined in a fi…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
24 terms
Molecular Genetics, Pt. 1 - AP Biology
Griffith
Avery, MacLeod, and McCarty
Hershey and Chase
Rosalind Franklin
Bacterial Transformation: Scientist who revealed that harmles…
Isolated and purified bacterial transformation factor and pro…
Carried out experiments that lent strong support to the theor…
Carried out X-ray crystallography analysis of DNA that showed…
Griffith
Bacterial Transformation: Scientist who revealed that harmles…
Avery, MacLeod, and McCarty
Isolated and purified bacterial transformation factor and pro…
53 terms
AP Biology-Celebration 1
Cuvier
Lamarck
Lyell
Hutton
Catasrophism(the idea that each boundary between strata repre…
Inheritance of acquired traits; use and disuse
Modern geology; uniformitarianism(mechanisms of change are co…
Theory of gradualism
Cuvier
Catasrophism(the idea that each boundary between strata repre…
Lamarck
Inheritance of acquired traits; use and disuse
163 terms
Biology AP practical 1
skull
frontal bone
supraorbital foramen
coronal suture
skull
frontal bone
36 terms
AP Biology Test #1
element
compound
four elements that make up 96 % of all…
essential element
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed ratio
carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen
elements that an organism needs to survive and reproduce
element
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
compound
a substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed ratio
361 terms
AP Biology Semester 1 Final
Polar molecule/ WATER
Hydrogen bonding
All life occurs in
H2O molecules form hydrogen bonds with…
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
attraction b/w a H atom & a partial (+) charge & another atom…
water.
water
Polar molecule/ WATER
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
Hydrogen bonding
attraction b/w a H atom & a partial (+) charge & another atom…
29 terms
AP Biology: The Chemistry of Life (1)
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
polar covalent bond
hydrogen bond
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and embran…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativit…
A type of weak chemical bond that is formed when the slightly…
prokaryotic cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and embran…
eukaryotic cell
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
32 terms
AP Biology: Big Idea 1 - MUST KNOW!
natural selection
evolutionary adaptation
artificial selection
fitness
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
Humans modifying species for desired traits through selective…
better chance of surviving in a given environment and will le…
natural selection
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
evolutionary adaptation
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
68 terms
AP Biology Big Idea #1 van Dijk
Fitness
Directional Selection
Disruptive Selection
Stabilizing Selection
The contribution an individual makes to the gene pool of the…
Most common when a population's environment changes or when m…
Occurs when conditions favor individuals on both extremes of…
Acts against extreme phenotypes and favors intermediate varia…
Fitness
The contribution an individual makes to the gene pool of the…
Directional Selection
Most common when a population's environment changes or when m…
66 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
Evolution
DNA
Biology
Emergent properties
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
The scientific study of life
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
150 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
Three Domains
Bacteria
Archaea
Eukarya
Bacteria... Archaea... Eukarya
- Prokaryotic cells... - no membrane bound organelles... - All bioc…
- Prokaryotic cells... - no membrane bound organelles... - All bioc…
Eukaryotic cells... - have many types of membrane bound organell…
Three Domains
Bacteria... Archaea... Eukarya
Bacteria
- Prokaryotic cells... - no membrane bound organelles... - All bioc…
24 terms
AP Biology: Macromolecules part 1
Ester Linkage
Saturated fatty acids
Unsaturated fatty acids
Phospholipid
Joins 3 fatty acids to a glycerol, creating a triacylglycerol
Fatty acids with single bonds, hydrogen at every possible pos…
Fatty acids with double and single bonds, without hydrogens a…
2 fatty acids attached to a glycerol, with a phosphate group…
Ester Linkage
Joins 3 fatty acids to a glycerol, creating a triacylglycerol
Saturated fatty acids
Fatty acids with single bonds, hydrogen at every possible pos…
AP Biology Unit 1
Tracer
Radioactive Decay
Shell
Orbital
Any molecule with a detectable substance attached.
Occurs Independently; Atoms of radioisotopes emit subatomic p…
Each energy level. "All the rooms on one floor of a hotel." 2…
Volumes of space around the nucleus of an atom.
Tracer
Any molecule with a detectable substance attached.
Radioactive Decay
Occurs Independently; Atoms of radioisotopes emit subatomic p…
66 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
Evolution
DNA
Biology
Emergent properties
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
The scientific study of life
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
55 terms
AP Biology Quarter 1 Review
explain the difference between organic…
building blocks of carbs, lipids, prot…
bond created between carbs, lipids, pr…
an example of carbs, lipids, proteins…
organic contain both carbon and hydrogen. inorganic contain o…
monosaccharides, 3 fatty acids and a glycerol, amino acids, a…
glycosidic linkage, ester linkage, peptide bonds, and hydroge…
starch, fat, transport, and DNA
explain the difference between organic…
organic contain both carbon and hydrogen. inorganic contain o…
building blocks of carbs, lipids, prot…
monosaccharides, 3 fatty acids and a glycerol, amino acids, a…
121 terms
AP Biology Chapters 1-5
Attributes of Living Things
Levels of Biological Organization
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Ordered structure... Evolution and adaptation... Response to enviro…
...
Earth
Everything abiotic and biotic in an environment
Attributes of Living Things
Ordered structure... Evolution and adaptation... Response to enviro…
Levels of Biological Organization
...
167 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
Evolution
Biology
Emergent Properties
The Levels of Biological Organization
The process of change that has transformed life from its begi…
The scientific study of life; of the Earth
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
1. The Biosphere... 2. Ecosystems... 3. Communities ... 4. Populations…
Evolution
The process of change that has transformed life from its begi…
Biology
The scientific study of life; of the Earth
66 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
Evolution
DNA
Biology
Emergent properties
the process of change that has transformed life on Earth
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
The scientific study of life
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Evolution
the process of change that has transformed life on Earth
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
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