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Study sets matching "ap biology campbell edition"

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Study sets matching "ap biology campbell edition"

40 terms
AP Biology Campbell 8th Edition - Chapter 6
Cell
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
simplest collection of living matter
uses visible light to magnify specimen
uses electron beams to magnify specimen
provides a detailed 3D image of the SURFACE of a specimen
Cell
simplest collection of living matter
Light Microscope
uses visible light to magnify specimen
33 terms
AP Biology-Campbell, 8th Edition, Chapter 14
character
trait
true-breeding
hybridization
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
A variant of a character; sort of like a sub-character.
Describes plants that do not vary genetically over many gener…
The mating, or crossing, of two true-breeding varieties.
character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
trait
A variant of a character; sort of like a sub-character.
24 terms
AP Biology Campbell 8th Edition - Chapter 7
Selective Permeability
Fluid Mosaic Model
Amphipathic
Phospholipid
property of the plasma membrane that allows some substances t…
model of plasma membrane; displays cell membrane as a mosaic…
having both a hydrophilic region and hydrophobic region
Most abundant lipid in plasma membrane; contains charged, hyd…
Selective Permeability
property of the plasma membrane that allows some substances t…
Fluid Mosaic Model
model of plasma membrane; displays cell membrane as a mosaic…
601 terms
FINALS AP Biology 2nd semester Campbell Biology 9th edition
heredity
variation
genetics
genes
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
an organism that has characteristics resulting from chromosom…
the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in…
the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
variation
an organism that has characteristics resulting from chromosom…
55 terms
AP Biology Campbell Eight Edition
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions.
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
a metabolic pathway that synthesizes a complex molecule from…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions.
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
7 terms
AP Biology - Campbell Ninth Edition - Chapter 5
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
cis-trans isomers
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
Organic molecules consisting of only one carbon and hydrogen.
Compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the same ele…
Isomers that differ in arrangement about a double bond.
organic chemistry
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
hydrocarbons
Organic molecules consisting of only one carbon and hydrogen.
47 terms
Campbell AP Biology 10th Edition Chapter 17
Chapter 17
DNA > RNA > protein
transcription and translation
RNA
...
Central dogma of gene expression
2 stages of gene to protein process
Transcription involves changing DNA to _________
Chapter 17
...
DNA > RNA > protein
Central dogma of gene expression
38 terms
Campbell AP Biology 10th Edition Chapter 16
Chapter 16
DNA
deoxyribose, phosphate group & nitroge…
adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C)…
...
polymer of nucleotides
structure of DNA nucleotide
four nitrogenous bases for DNA
Chapter 16
...
DNA
polymer of nucleotides
55 terms
Chapter 8 AP Biology Campbell Eight Edition
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions.
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
a metabolic pathway that synthesizes a complex molecule from…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions.
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
53 terms
Campbell AP Biology Chapter 26 Tenth Edition
Phylogeny
genus
family
order
evolutionary history of a species or group of species
the first part of a binomial name
related genera are under the label family
families are under order
Phylogeny
evolutionary history of a species or group of species
genus
the first part of a binomial name
20 terms
AP Biology Campbell 9th Edition - Chapter 18
operator
operon
repressor
corepressor
region of DNA that controls RNA polymerase's access to a set…
a unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
protein that binds to the operator in an operon to switch off…
a small molecule that cooperates with a repressor protein to…
operator
region of DNA that controls RNA polymerase's access to a set…
operon
a unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
15 terms
AP Edition Campbell Biology Chapter 6:
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
23 terms
AP Biology Campbell 9th edition-Chapter 16
DNA ligase
DNA polymerase
Double helix
Helicase
A linking enzyme essential for DNA replication; catalyzes the…
An enzyme that catalyzes the elongation of new DNA (for examp…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent antipar…
An enzyme that untwists the double helix of DNA at the replic…
DNA ligase
A linking enzyme essential for DNA replication; catalyzes the…
DNA polymerase
An enzyme that catalyzes the elongation of new DNA (for examp…
35 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 51 9th Edition
behavior
behavioral ecology
fixed action pattern
sign stimulus
Individually, an action carried out by muscles or glands unde…
The study of the evolution of and ecological basis for animal…
In animal behavior, a sequence of unlearned acts that is esse…
An external sensory cue that triggers a fixed action power by…
behavior
Individually, an action carried out by muscles or glands unde…
behavioral ecology
The study of the evolution of and ecological basis for animal…
15 terms
AP Edition Campbell Biology Chapter 6:
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
70 terms
Chapter 6 AP Biology Campbell 8 Edition
actin
basal body
capsule
cell fractionation
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
(1) A sticky layer that surrounds the cell wall of some proka…
The disruption of a cell and separation of its parts by centr…
actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
basal body
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
8 terms
Chapter 4 AP- Campbell Biology 9th edition
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
the study of carbon compounds
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the same ele…
isomers that differ in covalent arrangements of their atoms
Organic Chemistry
the study of carbon compounds
Hydrocarbons
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
35 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 51 9th Edition
behavior
behavioral ecology
fixed action pattern
sign stimulus
Individually, an action carried out by muscles or glands unde…
The study of the evolution of and ecological basis for animal…
In animal behavior, a sequence of unlearned acts that is esse…
An external sensory cue that triggers a fixed action power by…
behavior
Individually, an action carried out by muscles or glands unde…
behavioral ecology
The study of the evolution of and ecological basis for animal…
36 terms
AP Biology Campbell (9th edition) Chapter 18
Operon
Operator
Promoter
Repressor
a unit of gene regulation and transcription in bacterial DNA…
region of chromosome in an operon to which the repressor bind…
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA that binds RNA polymera…
A protein that can switch an operon off, it prevents gene tra…
Operon
a unit of gene regulation and transcription in bacterial DNA…
Operator
region of chromosome in an operon to which the repressor bind…
25 terms
Campbell AP Biology 8th edition chapter 9
proton-motive force
oxidative phosphorylation
oxidation
substrate level phosphorylation
the potential energy stored in the form of a proton electron…
the production of ATP using energy derived from the redox rea…
the complete or partial loss of electrons from a substance in…
the enzyme catalyzed formation of ATP by direct transfer of a…
proton-motive force
the potential energy stored in the form of a proton electron…
oxidative phosphorylation
the production of ATP using energy derived from the redox rea…
53 terms
Campbell AP Biology Chapter 26 Tenth Edition
Phylogeny
genus
family
order
evolutionary history of a species or group of species
the first part of a binomial name
related genera are under the label family
families are under order
Phylogeny
evolutionary history of a species or group of species
genus
the first part of a binomial name
30 terms
Chapter 3 Campbell AP Biology 9th Edition
polar covalent bonds
polar molecule
cohesion
adhesion
bonds in which electrons are not shared equally between atoms…
molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
the binding together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bonds
attraction between molecules of different substances
polar covalent bonds
bonds in which electrons are not shared equally between atoms…
polar molecule
molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
40 terms
AP Biology Campbell 8th Edition - Chapter 6
Cell
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
simplest collection of living matter
uses visible light to magnify specimen
uses electron beams to magnify specimen
provides a detailed 3D image of the SURFACE of a specimen
Cell
simplest collection of living matter
Light Microscope
uses visible light to magnify specimen
22 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 13
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
41 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 12
anaphase
anchorage dependence
aster
benign tumor
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
a radial array of short microtubules that extends from each c…
a mass of abnormal cells that remains at the site of origin
anaphase
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
anchorage dependence
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
54 terms
Campbell's 9th Edition AP Biology - Chapter 6
cell fractionation
cytosol
nucleoid
chromatin
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various partic…
A dense region of DNA in a prokaryotic cell.
long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
cell fractionation
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
cytosol
the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various partic…
24 terms
AP Biology Campbell 8th Edition - Chapter 7
Selective Permeability
Fluid Mosaic Model
Amphipathic
Phospholipid
property of the plasma membrane that allows some substances t…
model of plasma membrane; displays cell membrane as a mosaic…
having both a hydrophilic region and hydrophobic region
Most abundant lipid in plasma membrane; contains charged, hyd…
Selective Permeability
property of the plasma membrane that allows some substances t…
Fluid Mosaic Model
model of plasma membrane; displays cell membrane as a mosaic…
43 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
37 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that form the e…
A membrane that allows certain molecules or ions to pass thro…
consist of a glycerol molecule, two fatty acids, and a phosph…
primary macromolecules found in membranes
plasma membrane
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that form the e…
selectively permeable
A membrane that allows certain molecules or ions to pass thro…
54 terms
Campbell's AP Biology 10th Edition Chapter 52 Vocabulary
Ecology
Biosphere
Global ecology
Landscape (or seascape)
The scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
The global ecosystem - the sum of all the planet's ecosystems…
Examines how the regional exchange of energy and materials in…
A mosaic of connected ecosystems
Ecology
The scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
Biosphere
The global ecosystem - the sum of all the planet's ecosystems…
22 terms
AP Biology Campbell 9th edition Chapter 19
AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndro…
Bacteriophage
capsid
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency virus)
The symptoms and signs present during the late stages of HIV…
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage.
The protein shell that encloses a viral genome. It may be rod…
The infectious agent that causes AIDS. It is a retrovirus.
AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndro…
The symptoms and signs present during the late stages of HIV…
Bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage.
22 terms
AP Biology Campbell 9th edition Chapter 19
AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndro…
Bacteriophage
capsid
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency virus)
The symptoms and signs present during the late stages of HIV…
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage.
The protein shell that encloses a viral genome. It may be rod…
The infectious agent that causes AIDS. It is a retrovirus.
AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndro…
The symptoms and signs present during the late stages of HIV…
Bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage.
18 terms
AP Biology Campbell 9th edition Chapter 21
genomics
bioinformatics
Human Genome Project
linkage map
The study of whole sets of genes and their interaction within…
The use of computers, software, and mathematical models to pr…
An international collaborative effort to map and sequence the…
A genetic map based on the frequencies of recombination betwe…
genomics
The study of whole sets of genes and their interaction within…
bioinformatics
The use of computers, software, and mathematical models to pr…
44 terms
Chapter 2 - AP Biology (Campbell/Reece Biology, Eighth Edition)
Mass Number
Atomic Number
Ionic Bond
Compound
The sum of the numbers of protons and neutrons in an atom's n…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, unique for e…
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
A substance consisting of 2 or more different elements combin…
Mass Number
The sum of the numbers of protons and neutrons in an atom's n…
Atomic Number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, unique for e…
73 terms
AP Edition Biology Eighth Edition (Campbell Reece)
5' cap
A site
ABC model
abiotic
A modified form of guanine nucleotide added onto the nucleoti…
One of a ribosome's three binding sites for tRNA during trans…
A model of flower formation identifying three classes of roga…
Nonliving: referring to physical and chemical properties of a…
5' cap
A modified form of guanine nucleotide added onto the nucleoti…
A site
One of a ribosome's three binding sites for tRNA during trans…
Chapter 3 - AP Biology (Campbell/Reece Biology, Eighth Edition)
Polar Molecule
Cohesion
Adhesion
Surface Tension
A molecule (such as water) with opposite charges on different…
The binding together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
The attraction between different kinds of molecules.
A measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surf…
Polar Molecule
A molecule (such as water) with opposite charges on different…
Cohesion
The binding together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
98 terms
Campbell AP Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 6 & 7
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
selective permeability
integral protein
molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic…
structural model of the plasma membrane where molecules are f…
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
Typically transmembrane proteins with hydrophobic regions tha…
amphipathic
molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic…
fluid mosaic model
structural model of the plasma membrane where molecules are f…
AP Biology Chapter 11 Campbell
signal transduction pathway
local regulator
hormone
ligand
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
a released, long-distance signaling molecule which travels be…
a signaling molecule
signal transduction pathway
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
local regulator
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
22 terms
Campbell's AP Biology 10th Edition Chapter 52 Vocabulary
Ecology
Biosphere
Global ecology
Landscape (or seascape)
The scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
The global ecosystem - the sum of all the planet's ecosystems…
Examines how the regional exchange of energy and materials in…
A mosaic of connected ecosystems
Ecology
The scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
Biosphere
The global ecosystem - the sum of all the planet's ecosystems…
Campbell's 9th Edition AP Biology - Chapter 6
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
cell fractionation
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
electrons penetrate an ultrathin section of tissue to strike…
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
light microscopy
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
scanning electron microscopy
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
33 terms
Chapter 3 - AP Biology (Campbell/Reece Biology, Eighth Edition)
Polar Molecule
Cohesion
Adhesion
Surface Tension
A molecule (such as water) with opposite charges on different…
The binding together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
The attraction between different kinds of molecules.
A measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surf…
Polar Molecule
A molecule (such as water) with opposite charges on different…
Cohesion
The binding together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
38 terms
Campbell AP Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 18
operator
operon
repressor
corepressor
region of DNA that controls RNA polymerase's access to a set…
a unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
protein that binds to the operator in an operon to switch off…
a small molecule that cooperates with a repressor protein to…
operator
region of DNA that controls RNA polymerase's access to a set…
operon
a unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
40 terms
AP Biology Campbell 8th Edition - Chapter 7
Selective Permeability
Fluid Mosaic Model
Amphipathic
Phospholipid
property of the plasma membrane that allows some substances t…
model of plasma membrane; displays cell membrane as a mosaic…
having both a hydrophilic region and hydrophobic region
Most abundant lipid in plasma membrane; contains charged, hyd…
Selective Permeability
property of the plasma membrane that allows some substances t…
Fluid Mosaic Model
model of plasma membrane; displays cell membrane as a mosaic…
18 terms
AP Biology Campbell 9th edition Chapter 21
genomics
bioinformatics
Human Genome Project
linkage map
The study of whole sets of genes and their interaction within…
The use of computers, software, and mathematical models to pr…
An international collaborative effort to map and sequence the…
A genetic map based on the frequencies of recombination betwe…
genomics
The study of whole sets of genes and their interaction within…
bioinformatics
The use of computers, software, and mathematical models to pr…
33 terms
AP Biology-Campbell, 8th Edition, Chapter 14
character
trait
true-breeding
hybridization
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
A variant of a character; sort of like a sub-character.
Describes plants that do not vary genetically over many gener…
The mating, or crossing, of two true-breeding varieties.
character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
trait
A variant of a character; sort of like a sub-character.
20 terms
Campbell 10th Edition AP Biology Chapter 18
Differentiation
RNA interference (RNAi)
positional information
cyclic AMP (cAMP)
The process by which a cell or group of cells becomes special…
A mechanism for silencing the expression of specific genes. I…
Molecular cues that control pattern formation in an animal or…
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate, a ring-shaped molecule made f…
Differentiation
The process by which a cell or group of cells becomes special…
RNA interference (RNAi)
A mechanism for silencing the expression of specific genes. I…
55 terms
Chapter 8 AP Biology Campbell Eight Edition
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions.
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
a metabolic pathway that synthesizes a complex molecule from…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions.
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
24 terms
Campbell AP Biology 8th edition chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
proton-motive force
oxidative phosphorylation
oxidation
substrate level
the potential energy stored in the form of a proton electron…
the production of ATP using energy derived from the redox rea…
the complete or partial loss of electrons from a substance in…
the enzyme catalyzed formation of ATP by direct transfer of a…
proton-motive force
the potential energy stored in the form of a proton electron…
oxidative phosphorylation
the production of ATP using energy derived from the redox rea…
48 terms
AP Biology Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 17
gene expression
transcription
primary transcript
mRNA
the process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins... (o…
synthesis of an RNA molecule from a DNA template
the initial RNA transcript from any gene, including those spe…
messenger RNA; type of RNA that carries instructions from DNA…
gene expression
the process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins... (o…
transcription
synthesis of an RNA molecule from a DNA template
33 terms
AP Biology Campbell 8th Edition - Chapter 4
Cell
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
simplest collection of living matter
uses visible light to magnify specimen
uses electron beams to magnify specimen
provides a detailed 3D image of the SURFACE of a specimen
Cell
simplest collection of living matter
Light Microscope
uses visible light to magnify specimen
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