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Study sets matching "ap biology cells cycle"

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Study sets matching "ap biology cells cycle"

19 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
Interphase
Primary growth phase of the cell
Phase where genome is replicated
Preparation made for separation of genomes; organelles replic…
Collective name for G1, S, and G2 Phases
G1 Phase
Primary growth phase of the cell
S Phase
Phase where genome is replicated
19 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
Interphase
Primary growth phase of the cell
Phase where genome is replicated
Preparation made for separation of genomes; organelles replic…
Collective name for G1, S, and G2 Phases
G1 Phase
Primary growth phase of the cell
S Phase
Phase where genome is replicated
19 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
Interphase
Primary growth phase of the cell
Phase where genome is replicated
Preparation made for separation of genomes; organelles replic…
Collective name for G1, S, and G2 Phases
G1 Phase
Primary growth phase of the cell
S Phase
Phase where genome is replicated
38 terms
AP Biology Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Meiosis
Centrioles
IPMAT
Cell division that produces normal cells, produces two identi…
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
In animal cells, a pair of centrioles organize microtubules i…
Pneumonic device to remember the stages and order of cell div…
Mitosis
Cell division that produces normal cells, produces two identi…
Meiosis
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
37 terms
AP Biology | Cell Cycle
The Purpose of Cell Division
Mitosis
Meiosis
Alternative Names for Cell Division
• For asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms. ... • Fo…
Cell division that produces normal cells, produces two identi…
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
Cell multiplication, cell division, mitosis, etc.
The Purpose of Cell Division
• For asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms. ... • Fo…
Mitosis
Cell division that produces normal cells, produces two identi…
19 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
Interphase
Primary growth phase of the cell
Phase where genome is replicated
Preparation made for separation of genomes; organelles replic…
Collective name for G1, S, and G2 Phases
G1 Phase
Primary growth phase of the cell
S Phase
Phase where genome is replicated
19 terms
AP Biology || Cell Cycle
G0
Cyclin
Internal Regulators
External Regulators
Cells like nerve and muscle cells that permanently lose the a…
A kind of protein that regulates the cell cycle
Proteins that make sure that that cell doesn't undergo mitosi…
Growth factors that have the ability to speed up, slow down,…
G0
Cells like nerve and muscle cells that permanently lose the a…
Cyclin
A kind of protein that regulates the cell cycle
61 terms
AP Biology: Cell Cycle
Rudulf Virchow
Cell division
Metastasis
Zygote
Physician and biologist who discovered cell division, "All ce…
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
Spread of cancer cells beyond their original site in the body
The diploid cell resulting from the union of an ovum and a sp…
Rudulf Virchow
Physician and biologist who discovered cell division, "All ce…
Cell division
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
19 terms
AP Biology || Cell Cycle
G0
Cyclin
Internal Regulators
External Regulators
Cells like nerve and muscle cells that permanently lose the a…
A kind of protein that regulates the cell cycle
Proteins that make sure that that cell doesn't undergo mitosi…
Growth factors that have the ability to speed up, slow down,…
G0
Cells like nerve and muscle cells that permanently lose the a…
Cyclin
A kind of protein that regulates the cell cycle
41 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle
G0
Key roles of cell division
Cell cycle
Genome
If not enough Cdk in cell, it goes into this stage for the re…
- Dead/damaged cell replacement... - Growth/development (cell ge…
Life of cell from splitting to splitting
All of the DNA within an organism
G0
If not enough Cdk in cell, it goes into this stage for the re…
Key roles of cell division
- Dead/damaged cell replacement... - Growth/development (cell ge…
31 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle #8
mitosis
somatic cells
identical
chromatin
cell division process that occurs in somatic cells which prod…
body cells
in mitosis, the DNA is ___________________ to one another
during interphase, the DNA is found in this form
mitosis
cell division process that occurs in somatic cells which prod…
somatic cells
body cells
19 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
Interphase
Primary growth phase of the cell
Phase where genome is replicated
Preparation made for separation of genomes; organelles replic…
Collective name for G1, S, and G2 Phases
G1 Phase
Primary growth phase of the cell
S Phase
Phase where genome is replicated
37 terms
AP Biology | Cell Cycle
The Purpose of Cell Division
Mitosis
Meiosis
Alternative Names for Cell Division
• For asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms. ... • Fo…
Cell division that produces normal cells, produces two identi…
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
Cell multiplication, cell division, mitosis, etc.
The Purpose of Cell Division
• For asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms. ... • Fo…
Mitosis
Cell division that produces normal cells, produces two identi…
119 terms
AP Biology: Cells and Cell Cycle
cell
A cell is an example of an emergent pr…
What does it mean that a cell is consi…
prokaryotes
basic unit of life
property which a collection or complex system has, but which…
materials can enter and leave the cell... the cell is open to in…
cells without a nucleus
cell
basic unit of life
A cell is an example of an emergent pr…
property which a collection or complex system has, but which…
36 terms
Cell Cycle (Mitosis) AP Biology
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
Metaphase-The third stage of mitosis,…
Anaphase-the fourth stage of mitosis,…
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
What phase is pictured? Describe it.
What phase of mitosis is pictured? Describe it.
What are the five stages of mitosis?
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
40 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle
G0
Key roles of cell division
Cell cycle
Genome
If not enough Cdk in cell, it goes into this stage for the re…
- Dead/damaged cell replacement... - Growth/development (cell ge…
Life of cell from splitting to splitting
All of the DNA within an organism
G0
If not enough Cdk in cell, it goes into this stage for the re…
Key roles of cell division
- Dead/damaged cell replacement... - Growth/development (cell ge…
38 terms
AP Biology: The Cell Cycle
Gametes
Genome
Chromatin
Histones
Sex cells
All of an organism's genetic material
Clusters of DNA, RNA, and proteins in the nucleus of a cell
Globular protein that assist in DNA packaging in eukaryotes.…
Gametes
Sex cells
Genome
All of an organism's genetic material
96 terms
AP Biology Cell Cycle
3 basic processes associated with cell…
process of reproduction/replication in…
binary fission in prokaryotes
how is the cleavage furrow produced in…
1. replication of DNA (synthesis)... 2. replication of any items…
binary fission
DNA replication starts at the origin and works around the ent…
using actin and myosin microfilaments of the cytoskeleton
3 basic processes associated with cell…
1. replication of DNA (synthesis)... 2. replication of any items…
process of reproduction/replication in…
binary fission
105 terms
AP Biology Cell Cycle
Why do cells divide?
the entire life of a cell, the growing…
our genetic material
DNA and proteins
-reproduce... -renewal... -repair... -replacement... -growth
cell cycle
DNA
chromatin
Why do cells divide?
-reproduce... -renewal... -repair... -replacement... -growth
the entire life of a cell, the growing…
cell cycle
34 terms
AP Biology - The Cell Cycle
genome
chromosomes
chromatin
somatic cells
a cell's genetic information
DNA molecules are packed into structures called _______________
the entire complex of DNA and proteins that is the building m…
all body cells except sex cells; contain a full set of chromo…
genome
a cell's genetic information
chromosomes
DNA molecules are packed into structures called _______________
15 terms
AP Biology Cell Cycle
The nuclear membrane breaks down
A cell plate forms (plants)
Chromosomes get duplicated
Chromosomes move to the middle of the…
Prophase
Cytokinesis
S Phase
Metaphase
The nuclear membrane breaks down
Prophase
A cell plate forms (plants)
Cytokinesis
37 terms
Cell Cycle (Mitosis) AP Biology
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
Metaphase-The third stage of mitosis,…
Anaphase-the fourth stage of mitosis,…
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
What phase is pictured? Describe it.
What phase of mitosis is pictured? Describe it.
What are the five stages of mitosis?
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
23 terms
AP Biology: The Cell Cycle
mitosis
purpose of mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatin
division of the nucleus into two genetically identical daught…
to make daughter cells identical (clones) to parent cells (so…
division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter cells…
what eukaryotic chromosomes are made out of; a complex of DNA…
mitosis
division of the nucleus into two genetically identical daught…
purpose of mitosis
to make daughter cells identical (clones) to parent cells (so…
32 terms
AP Biology: Cell Cycle
Genome
Chromosomes
Somatic cells
Gametes
A cell's endowment of DNA
Forms of DNA during mitosis
All body cells except the reproductive cells
egg and sperm cells
Genome
A cell's endowment of DNA
Chromosomes
Forms of DNA during mitosis
30 terms
AP Biology-Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Anaphase
Anchorage dependence
Aster
Binary fission
one of the stages in cell division that occurs in both mitosi…
A need for contact and anchorage to a stable surface by some…
Playing a major role in animal cell mitosis, are a radial arr…
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Anaphase
one of the stages in cell division that occurs in both mitosi…
Anchorage dependence
A need for contact and anchorage to a stable surface by some…
54 terms
AP Biology: Cell Cycle
Why do cells replicate?
How many chromosomes are in somatic ce…
How many chromosomes are in gametes?
What organisms replicate by binary fis…
to remain small in order to have a proper surface area to vol…
46
23
Prokaryotes
Why do cells replicate?
to remain small in order to have a proper surface area to vol…
How many chromosomes are in somatic ce…
46
29 terms
AP Biology Cell Cycle
Chromosome
Chromatin
Somatic cells
Gametes
Units of DNA (colorful bodies), we have 46 chromosomes, genet…
The entire complex of the DNA, and its proteins of a cell
Meiosis, all body cells except for reproductive cells
Reproductive cells, sperm and egg cells (sex cells)
Chromosome
Units of DNA (colorful bodies), we have 46 chromosomes, genet…
Chromatin
The entire complex of the DNA, and its proteins of a cell
7 terms
AP Biology-- Cell Cycle Phases
Interphase G2
prophase
prometaphase
metaphase
Nuclear envelope bonds to nucleus... Contains one or more nucleo…
Chromatin fibers tightly coiled, discrete chromosomes form... nu…
nuclear envelope fragments ... Microtubules extend from centroso…
longest stage... centrosomes at opposite poles of cell... chromosom…
Interphase G2
Nuclear envelope bonds to nucleus... Contains one or more nucleo…
prophase
Chromatin fibers tightly coiled, discrete chromosomes form... nu…
9 terms
AP Biology Cell Cycle
Interphase
G1
S
G2
cell grows and makes a DNA copy
cell grows larger and copies organelles, DNA is making proteins
DNA is synthesized (replicated)
cell grows, makes proteins and organelles, reorganizes conten…
Interphase
cell grows and makes a DNA copy
G1
cell grows larger and copies organelles, DNA is making proteins
29 terms
Cell cycle AP biology
Genome
Chromosomes
Somatic cells
Gametes
All genes of organism
Coiled eukaryotes not coiled in prokaryotes
Body cells
Sex cells
Genome
All genes of organism
Chromosomes
Coiled eukaryotes not coiled in prokaryotes
30 terms
AP Biology Cell Cycle
Anaphase
Sister chromatids
Telophase
Somatic cell
the fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each…
two copies of a duplicated chromosome attached to each other…
the fifth and final stage of mitosis, in which daughter nucle…
any cell in a multicellular organism except a sperm or egg or…
Anaphase
the fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each…
Sister chromatids
two copies of a duplicated chromosome attached to each other…
38 terms
Cell cycle AP Biology
Cell Cycle
Genome
Chromosomes
Chromatin
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organis…
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
DNA and protein that makes up chromosomes
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
Genome
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organis…
55 terms
AP Biology- Cell Cycle
DNA Replication
Cell Cycle
Genome
Chromatin
S Phase.
A cell life history.
the entire genetic material for an organism.
loose state of DNA.
DNA Replication
S Phase.
Cell Cycle
A cell life history.
14 terms
AP Biology (Cell Cycle)
Nuclear Envelope disappears
DNA is Replicated
Centrioles move to opposite sides of t…
Clevage Furrow forms in animal cells
Prometaphase
S
Prophase
cytokenisis
Nuclear Envelope disappears
Prometaphase
DNA is Replicated
S
42 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cell Cycle
anaphase
angiogenesis
apoptosis
asexual reproduction
Daughter chromosomes are formed when sister chromatids are pu…
formation of new blood vessels
Programmed cell death
one parent, no gamates
anaphase
Daughter chromosomes are formed when sister chromatids are pu…
angiogenesis
formation of new blood vessels
84 terms
AP Biology: The Cell Cycle
purpose of cell division
surface area to volume ratio
nucleus/DNA to volume ratio
3 essentials of cell division:
smaller cells more efficient
as cell gets bigger, its volume grows faster than surface area
large cells have DNA overload
1-replication of DNA... 2-equal separation of hereditary informa…
purpose of cell division
smaller cells more efficient
surface area to volume ratio
as cell gets bigger, its volume grows faster than surface area
42 terms
AP Biology, Chapter 12-Cell Cycle
CELL DIVISION
GENOME
BINARY FISSION
SOMATIC CELL
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a pa…
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive…
CELL DIVISION
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
GENOME
the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a pa…
47 terms
AP Biology- Cell Cycle and...
Anaphase
Angiogenesis
Apoptosis
Asexual Reproduction
the stage of meiotic or mitotic cell division in which the ch…
the physiological process through which new blood vessels for…
the death of cells that occurs as a normal and controlled par…
a type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single…
Anaphase
the stage of meiotic or mitotic cell division in which the ch…
Angiogenesis
the physiological process through which new blood vessels for…
37 terms
Cell Cycle (Mitosis) AP Biology
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
Metaphase-The third stage of mitosis,…
Anaphase-the fourth stage of mitosis,…
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
What phase is pictured? Describe it.
What phase of mitosis is pictured? Describe it.
What are the five stages of mitosis?
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
37 terms
Cell Cycle (Mitosis) AP Biology
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
Metaphase-The third stage of mitosis,…
Anaphase-the fourth stage of mitosis,…
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
What phase is pictured? Describe it.
What phase of mitosis is pictured? Describe it.
What are the five stages of mitosis?
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
29 terms
Pre-AP Biology: cell cycle
Why must a cell divide?
Why is surface area and volume importa…
Chromosome
Chromatids
growth, healing, and replacement
Surface area and volume are important for cell sizes because…
made of DNA, found in the nucleus, exists as chromatin prior…
each chromosome and a copy of itself (in an x-shape), held to…
Why must a cell divide?
growth, healing, and replacement
Why is surface area and volume importa…
Surface area and volume are important for cell sizes because…
31 terms
AP Biology-Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Anaphase
Anchorage dependence
Aster
Binary fission
Anaphase is one of the stages in cell division that occurs in…
A need for contact and anchorage to a stable surface by some…
Playing a major role in animal cell mitosis, asters are a rad…
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Anaphase
Anaphase is one of the stages in cell division that occurs in…
Anchorage dependence
A need for contact and anchorage to a stable surface by some…
AP Biology: Cell Cycle & Communication
Types of Cell Signaling
Direct Signaling
Local Signaling
Long Distance
Direct, Local, & Long Distance
Physical contact between cells or organisms
Growth factors are released into a localized area
Hormones: released in one part of the body to travel to anoth…
Types of Cell Signaling
Direct, Local, & Long Distance
Direct Signaling
Physical contact between cells or organisms
Cell Cycle (Mitosis) AP Biology
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
Metaphase-The third stage of mitosis,…
Anaphase-the fourth stage of mitosis,…
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
What phase is pictured? Describe it.
What phase of mitosis is pictured? Describe it.
What are the five stages of mitosis?
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
43 terms
AP Biology: The Cell Cycle and Meiosis
interphase
G1 phase
G1 checkpoint
S phase
the phase of the cell cycle in which the original cell grows,…
initial growth period of Interphase; followed by a growth che…
the first checkpoint of interphase, checks to see if the cell…
period of Interphase in which the DNA is replicated; also cal…
interphase
the phase of the cell cycle in which the original cell grows,…
G1 phase
initial growth period of Interphase; followed by a growth che…
87 terms
Old AP Biology - The Cell Cycle
reproduce
cell division
unicellular
multicellular
The ability of organisms to ________ best distinguishes livin…
The continuity of life is based on the reproduction of cells,…
In ________ organisms, division of one cell reproduces the en…
________ organisms depend on cell division for many things.
reproduce
The ability of organisms to ________ best distinguishes livin…
cell division
The continuity of life is based on the reproduction of cells,…
63 terms
AP Biology- Cell Cycle- Meiosis
What is the 2n amount?
What is the n amount?
What does meiosis do (in terms of cell…
What does diploid mean?
diploid
haploid
turns diploid to haploid
all chromosomes
What is the 2n amount?
diploid
What is the n amount?
haploid
29 terms
AP Biology: DNA and the Cell Cycle
Chargaff's research
Hershey-Chase Experiment
Avery Experiment
Purines
DNA always has the same amount of C as G an the same amount o…
Phages with radioactive sulfur isotope tagged to both DNA and…
Avery and Griffith used enzymes to eliminate what is causing…
A & G
Chargaff's research
DNA always has the same amount of C as G an the same amount o…
Hershey-Chase Experiment
Phages with radioactive sulfur isotope tagged to both DNA and…
18 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle Vocab
sister chromatids
homologous chromosomes
chiasmata
cohesion
duplicate copies on the same chromosome
the same chromosomes but one pair is paternal and the other i…
the place where paired chromosomes stay in contact and where…
a protein that regulates the separation of sister crhomatids…
sister chromatids
duplicate copies on the same chromosome
homologous chromosomes
the same chromosomes but one pair is paternal and the other i…
34 terms
AP Biology: The Cell Cycle and Mitosis
Sister Chromatids
Where does mitosis occur?
What does mitosis produce?
Purposes of Mitosis
Consists of two duplicated chromosomes held together at the c…
in eukaryotes
It produces cells with nearly identical genetic makeup.
1. It is used for the purpose of organismal reproduction in s…
Sister Chromatids
Consists of two duplicated chromosomes held together at the c…
Where does mitosis occur?
in eukaryotes
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