Study sets matching "ap biology chapter 15 test questions"

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Study sets matching "ap biology chapter 15 test questions"

AP Biology - Chapter 15
Radiometric dating
Continental drift
Pangaea
Plate tectonics
A method that uses the decay of radioactive isotopes to deter…
The idea that all land on Earth was once one great mass but t…
The name of the original supercontinent
Describes the forces involved in the movement of Earth's plat…
Radiometric dating
A method that uses the decay of radioactive isotopes to deter…
Continental drift
The idea that all land on Earth was once one great mass but t…
26 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
sex-linked gene
duchenne muscular dystrophy
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located o…
an individual with the phenotype most commonly observed in na…
a gene located on a sex chromosome (usually the X chromosome)…
a human genetic disease caused by a sex-linked recessive alle…
chromosome theory of inheritance
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located o…
wild type
an individual with the phenotype most commonly observed in na…
18 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15
Adaptation
Analogous, Analogous Structure
Artificial Selection
Biogeography
A modification in structure, function, or behavior of a speci…
Structure that has a similar function in separate lineages bu…
Intentional breeding of certain traits, or combinations of tr…
Study of the geographical distribution of organisms
Adaptation
A modification in structure, function, or behavior of a speci…
Analogous, Analogous Structure
Structure that has a similar function in separate lineages bu…
43 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15
synapse
secretion
exocrine glands
endocrine glands
the place where two neurons come very close without touching…
the separation of certain substances from the bloodstream, fo…
glands of external secretion (pg. 265)
glands of internal secretion that release a hormone into the…
synapse
the place where two neurons come very close without touching…
secretion
the separation of certain substances from the bloodstream, fo…
AP Biology Chapter 15
Chromosome theory of inheritance
Law of Segregation
Law of Independent Assortment
X chromosome in Drosophila correlates…
Genes are located on chromosomes and that the behavior of chr…
Two alleles for each gene separate during gamete formation
Alleles of genes on nonhomologous chromosomes assort independ…
First evidence indicating that a specific gene is associated…
Chromosome theory of inheritance
Genes are located on chromosomes and that the behavior of chr…
Law of Segregation
Two alleles for each gene separate during gamete formation
19 terms
Chapter 15 (AP Biology)
Hemizygous
Linked Genes
Centimorgan
Map Unit(s)
When only one copy is present- Males only need one copy of th…
Two or more genes located on the same chromosome that tend to…
one map unit/ unit used for measuring genetic linkage (1% rec…
Distance between genes
Hemizygous
When only one copy is present- Males only need one copy of th…
Linked Genes
Two or more genes located on the same chromosome that tend to…
AP Biology - Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
gene SRY
sex-linked gene
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located o…
an individual with the phenotype most commonly observed in na…
gene on the Y chromosome required for the development of testes
a gene located on a sex chromosome (usually the X chromosome)…
chromosome theory of inheritance
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located o…
wild type
an individual with the phenotype most commonly observed in na…
AP Biology - Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
gene SRY
sex-linked gene
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located o…
an individual with the phenotype most commonly observed in na…
gene on the Y chromosome required for the development of testes
a gene located on a sex chromosome (usually the X chromosome)…
chromosome theory of inheritance
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located o…
wild type
an individual with the phenotype most commonly observed in na…
AP Biology Chapter 15
wild type
mutant phenotype
sex-linked
linked genes
refers to the normal phenotype (or most common), dominant
refers to anything but normal, aka non-wild type, recessive
aka "x-linked", means that some genes are located on the sex…
are genes located on the same chromosome
wild type
refers to the normal phenotype (or most common), dominant
mutant phenotype
refers to anything but normal, aka non-wild type, recessive
26 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15
Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance
Wild Type
Sex-Linked Gene
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Mendelian genes have specific loci along chromosomes and chro…
phenotype for a character most commonly observed in natural p…
gene located on either sex chromosome (mostly X)... -fathers pas…
-progressive weakening of muscles, loss of coordination... -1/35…
Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance
Mendelian genes have specific loci along chromosomes and chro…
Wild Type
phenotype for a character most commonly observed in natural p…
AP Biology Chapter 15
What is the chromosomal basis of inher…
What is the meaning of the term "wild…
Why was Morgan's choice of fruit fly s…
How did Morgan associate traits with t…
The chromosomal basis of inheritance is the idea that genes a…
Wild type is the genotype that is most commonly observed in t…
Fruit flies were a good choice for Morgan's experiments becau…
The trait of white eyes only appeared in males, so Morgan was…
What is the chromosomal basis of inher…
The chromosomal basis of inheritance is the idea that genes a…
What is the meaning of the term "wild…
Wild type is the genotype that is most commonly observed in t…
20 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
Sex-linked genes
X-linked
Barr body
A basic principle in biology stating that genes are located a…
genes that are located on a sex chromosome
A gene located on the X chromosome; such genes show a distinc…
A dense object lying along the inside of the nuclear envelope…
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
A basic principle in biology stating that genes are located a…
Sex-linked genes
genes that are located on a sex chromosome
24 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
sex-linked gene
hemophilia
genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and these chromos…
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
a gene located on either sex chromosome
a sex-linked recessive disorder defined by the absence of one…
chromosome theory of inheritance
genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and these chromos…
wild type
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
41 terms
Biology in Focus (AP) Chapter 15
feedback inhibition
operator
operon
repressor
A form of regulation of gene expression, that is typical of a…
In bacterial and phage DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near th…
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
A protein that inhibits gene transcription. In prokaryotes, t…
feedback inhibition
A form of regulation of gene expression, that is typical of a…
operator
In bacterial and phage DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near th…
45 terms
AP biology chapter 15
What theory states that genes occupy s…
What kind of genes tend to be inherite…
Who, working with fruit flies were the…
What results in offspring with combina…
the chromosome theory of inheritance
linked
Morgan
genetic recombination
What theory states that genes occupy s…
the chromosome theory of inheritance
What kind of genes tend to be inherite…
linked
31 terms
Chapter 15 AP Biology
adaptation
alleles
descent with modification
directional selection
(1) In evolutionary biology, a particular structure, physiolo…
A specific form of a gene at a given locus on a chromosome, a…
Darwin's premise that all species share a common ancestor and…
Selection in which phenotypes at one extreme of the populatio…
adaptation
(1) In evolutionary biology, a particular structure, physiolo…
alleles
A specific form of a gene at a given locus on a chromosome, a…
AP Biology Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
sex-linked gene
duchenne muscular dystrophy
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located o…
an individual with the phenotype most commonly observed in na…
a gene located on a sex chromosome (usually the X chromosome)…
a human genetic disease caused by a sex-linked recessive alle…
chromosome theory of inheritance
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located o…
wild type
an individual with the phenotype most commonly observed in na…
26 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
sex-linked gene
duchenne muscular dystrophy
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located o…
an individual with the phenotype most commonly observed in na…
a gene located on a sex chromosome (usually the X chromosome)…
a human genetic disease caused by a sex-linked recessive alle…
chromosome theory of inheritance
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located o…
wild type
an individual with the phenotype most commonly observed in na…
19 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15 Terms
artificial selection
Evolution
Extant
Fitness
Intentional breeding of certain traits, or combinations of tr…
Descent of organisms from common ancestors with the developme…
Species, or other levels of taxa, that are still living.
Ability of an organism to reproduce and pass its genes to the…
artificial selection
Intentional breeding of certain traits, or combinations of tr…
Evolution
Descent of organisms from common ancestors with the developme…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15
Why is it necessary to control gene ex…
control
positive control
negative control
1. To maintain the efficiency of organisms... 2. Allows for cell…
like a dimming dial, NOT a light switch
anything that will increase the amount of product a gene prod…
anything that will decrease the amount of product a gene prod…
Why is it necessary to control gene ex…
1. To maintain the efficiency of organisms... 2. Allows for cell…
control
like a dimming dial, NOT a light switch
43 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 15
Genes are located on ______________.
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
___________ _______ __________ showed…
Sex determination in humans has a ____…
chromosomes
1) Mendelian genes have specific loci (position) on chromosom…
Thomas Hunt Morgan
chromosomal
Genes are located on ______________.
chromosomes
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
1) Mendelian genes have specific loci (position) on chromosom…
AP Biology Chapter 15
DNA
Nucleotide
Purine
Pyrimidines
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Adenine and Guanine
Cytosine and Thymine
DNA
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15
DNA
Nucleotide
Purine
Pyrimdines
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Adenine and Guanine
C and T are ___________- they are composed of one ring.
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
AP Biology Chapter 15
Wild type
Sex- linked gene
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Hemophilia
Species that are in the wild
a gene on either sex- chromosome
Weak muscles and bad coordination- disease
Disorder that is defined by the absence of one or more protei…
Wild type
Species that are in the wild
Sex- linked gene
a gene on either sex- chromosome
115 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15
Where does Mendelian inheritance have…
chromosome theory of inheritance
What did the Chromosome Theory of Inhe…
What did Morgan discover?
in the behavior of chromosomes during sexual life cycles
the chromosomes (with genes at specific loci) are the factors…
relate Mendel and meiosis
traced a gene to a specific chromosome (linked genes), discov…
Where does Mendelian inheritance have…
in the behavior of chromosomes during sexual life cycles
chromosome theory of inheritance
the chromosomes (with genes at specific loci) are the factors…
15 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15
Operator
Operon
Repressor
Regulatory gene
The "on/off" switch segment of DNA positioned within the prom…
The entire stretch of DNA required for enzyme production for…
Binds to the operator and blocks the attachment of RNA polyme…
A gene that codes for protein, such as a repressor, that cont…
Operator
The "on/off" switch segment of DNA positioned within the prom…
Operon
The entire stretch of DNA required for enzyme production for…
AP Biology Chapter 15
law of segregation
law of independent assortment
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
the two alleles for each gene separate during gamete formation
alleles of genes on nonhomologous chromosomes assort independ…
genes have specific loci along chromosomes; chromosomes can u…
trait most commonly observed in natural populations
law of segregation
the two alleles for each gene separate during gamete formation
law of independent assortment
alleles of genes on nonhomologous chromosomes assort independ…
20 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
sex-linked gene
Barr body
genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and these chromos…
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
a gene located on either sex chromosome
the inactive X in each cell of a female condenses into a comp…
chromosome theory of inheritance
genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and these chromos…
wild type
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
33 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
Sex-linked Gene
Female
Male
A law that states that genes have specific locations (loci) o…
A gene located on a sex chromosome.
XX
XY
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
A law that states that genes have specific locations (loci) o…
Sex-linked Gene
A gene located on a sex chromosome.
28 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15
What is the chromosomal basis of inher…
What is the meaning of the term "wild…
Why was Morgan's choice of fruit fly s…
How did Morgan associate traits with t…
The chromosomal basis of inheritance is the idea that genes a…
Wild type is the genotype that is most commonly observed in t…
Fruit flies were a good choice for Morgan's experiments becau…
The trait of white eyes only appeared in males, so Morgan was…
What is the chromosomal basis of inher…
The chromosomal basis of inheritance is the idea that genes a…
What is the meaning of the term "wild…
Wild type is the genotype that is most commonly observed in t…
26 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 15
Aneuploidy
Barr Body
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
Crossing Over
A chromosomal aberration in which one or more chromosomes are…
A dense object lying along the inside of the nuclear envelope…
A basic principle in biology stating that genes are located o…
The reciprocal exchange of genetic material between nonsister…
Aneuploidy
A chromosomal aberration in which one or more chromosomes are…
Barr Body
A dense object lying along the inside of the nuclear envelope…
AP Biology Chapter 15
Chromosome theory of inheritance
Law of segregation
Law of independent assortment
Thomas hunt morgan
-mendelian genes hae specific loci on chromosomes... -chromosome…
The two alleles for wach gene separate suring gamete formation
Alleles of genes on nonhomologous chromosomes assort independ…
Worked with fruit flies to determine that there are genes on…
Chromosome theory of inheritance
-mendelian genes hae specific loci on chromosomes... -chromosome…
Law of segregation
The two alleles for wach gene separate suring gamete formation
28 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15
Aneuploidy
Barr Body
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
Cytological Map
A chromosomal aberration in which one or more chromosomes are…
Dense object lying along the inside of the nuclear envelope i…
Genes are located at specific positions (loci) on chromosomes…
A map of a chromosome that locates genes with respect to chro…
Aneuploidy
A chromosomal aberration in which one or more chromosomes are…
Barr Body
Dense object lying along the inside of the nuclear envelope i…
26 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
sex-linked gene
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and these chromos…
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
a gene located on either sex chromosome
a sex-linked disorder characterized by a progressive weakenin…
chromosome theory of inheritance
genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and these chromos…
wild type
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
34 terms
Chapter 15 Ap Biology
law of segregation
law of independent assortment
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
2 alleles from each gene separate during gamete formation in…
alleles on nonhomologous chromosomes assort independently dur…
Mendelian genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and it…
the phenotype most commonly observed in natural populations
law of segregation
2 alleles from each gene separate during gamete formation in…
law of independent assortment
alleles on nonhomologous chromosomes assort independently dur…
AP Biology Chapter 15
Evolution
Extant
Vestigial Structures
Paleontology
Genetic change in a species over time resulting in the develo…
Species, or other levels of taxa, that are still living.
Remnant of a structure that was functional in some ancestors…
Study of fossils that results in knowledge about the history…
Evolution
Genetic change in a species over time resulting in the develo…
Extant
Species, or other levels of taxa, that are still living.
59 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
law of segregation
law of independent assortment
The chromosomal basis of Mendel's Laws
A basic principle in biology stating that genes are located a…
the two alleles for each gene separate during gamete formation
alleles of genes on non-homologous chromosomes assort indepen…
Here we correlate the results of one of Mendel's dihybrid cro…
chromosome theory of inheritance
A basic principle in biology stating that genes are located a…
law of segregation
the two alleles for each gene separate during gamete formation
AP Biology-Chapter 15
Transcription
Translation
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
The enzyme-catalyzed assembly of an RNA molecule complementar…
The assembly of a protein on the ribosomes, using mRNA to spe…
The RNA transcribed from structural genes; RNA molecules comp…
A class of RNA molecules found, together with characteristic…
Transcription
The enzyme-catalyzed assembly of an RNA molecule complementar…
Translation
The assembly of a protein on the ribosomes, using mRNA to spe…
AP Biology Chapter 15
trp operon
lac operon
Positive gene regulation
Negative gene regulation
An example of a repressible operon
An example of an inducible operon
Regulatory protein interacts directly with the genome to swit…
Operons are switched off by the active form of the repressor…
trp operon
An example of a repressible operon
lac operon
An example of an inducible operon
AP Biology: Chapter 15
Pleiotropy
Epistasis
Genomic Imprinting
Deletion
Pleiotropy occurs when one gene influences multiple phenotypi…
The interaction between nonallelic genes at two or more loci…
A phenomenon in which the phenotype of the offspring depends…
a chromosome abnormality in which part of a single chromosome…
Pleiotropy
Pleiotropy occurs when one gene influences multiple phenotypi…
Epistasis
The interaction between nonallelic genes at two or more loci…
23 terms
Chapter 15 AP Biology
wild type
linked genes
genetic recombination
parental types
the normal phenotype for a character
genes located on the same chromosome that tend to be inherite…
the production of offspring with combinations of traits diffe…
offspring that match the parents phenotypes
wild type
the normal phenotype for a character
linked genes
genes located on the same chromosome that tend to be inherite…
27 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
sex-linked gene
X-linked genes
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located a…
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in natur…
a gene located on either sex chromosome
the approximately 1,100 genes on the human X chromosome
chromosome theory of inheritance
a basic principle in biology stating that genes are located a…
wild type
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in natur…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
mutant type
sex-linked gene
the idea that genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and…
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
alternatives to the wild type
a gene located on either sex chromosome
chromosome theory of inheritance
the idea that genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and…
wild type
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
28 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15
What is the chromosomal basis of inher…
What is the meaning of the term "wild…
Why was Morgan's choice of fruit fly s…
How did Morgan associate traits with t…
The chromosomal basis of inheritance is the idea that genes a…
Wild type is the genotype that is most commonly observed in t…
Fruit flies were a good choice for Morgan's experiments becau…
The trait of white eyes only appeared in males, so Morgan was…
What is the chromosomal basis of inher…
The chromosomal basis of inheritance is the idea that genes a…
What is the meaning of the term "wild…
Wild type is the genotype that is most commonly observed in t…
AP Biology: Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
sex-linked gene
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and these chromos…
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
a gene located on either sex chromosome
a sex-linked disorder characterized by a progressive weakenin…
chromosome theory of inheritance
genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and these chromos…
wild type
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
26 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
sex-linked gene
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and these chromos…
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
a gene located on either sex chromosome
a sex-linked disorder characterized by a progressive weakenin…
chromosome theory of inheritance
genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and these chromos…
wild type
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
AP Biology Chapter 15
Polymorphic
Genetic structure
Stabilizing selection
Directional selection
More than one allele at a locus.
The frequency of different alleles at a locus and the frequen…
Average individuals are preserved by preserving the average c…
Characteristics in a population change by favoring individual…
Polymorphic
More than one allele at a locus.
Genetic structure
The frequency of different alleles at a locus and the frequen…
26 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 15
chromosome theory of inheritance
wild type
sex-linked gene
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and these chromos…
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
a gene located on either sex chromosome
a sex-linked disorder characterized by a progressive weakenin…
chromosome theory of inheritance
genes have specific loci along chromosomes, and these chromos…
wild type
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in popul…
AP Biology: Chapter 15
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
Wild Type
Linked Genes
Genetic Recombination
genes have specific loci on chromosomes that undergo segregat…
Normal phenotype for a character (most common in natural popu…
Genes located on same chromosome that tend to be inherited to…
production of offspring with combinations of traits differing…
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
genes have specific loci on chromosomes that undergo segregat…
Wild Type
Normal phenotype for a character (most common in natural popu…
9 terms
Chapter 15 AP BIOLOGY QUESTIONS
which one of Mendel's laws relates to…
propose a possible reason that the fir…
When two genes are located on the same…
Genes A, B, and C are located ont eh s…
Mendel's law of segregation relates to the inheritance of all…
to show the mutant phenotype, a male phenotype, a male needs…
Crossing over during meiosis I in the heterozygous parent pro…
No. The order could be A-C-B or C-A-B. To determine which pos…
which one of Mendel's laws relates to…
Mendel's law of segregation relates to the inheritance of all…
propose a possible reason that the fir…
to show the mutant phenotype, a male phenotype, a male needs…
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