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25 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7 Terms
Absorption spectrum
ATP synthase
Autotroph
C3 plant
The various portions of visible light that pigments are capab…
Enzyme that is part of an ATP synthase complex and functions…
any organism capable of self-nourishment by using inorganic m…
Plant that fixes carbon dioxide via the Calvin cycle; the fir…
Absorption spectrum
The various portions of visible light that pigments are capab…
ATP synthase
Enzyme that is part of an ATP synthase complex and functions…
37 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that form the e…
A membrane that allows certain molecules or ions to pass thro…
consist of a glycerol molecule, two fatty acids, and a phosph…
primary macromolecules found in membranes
plasma membrane
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that form the e…
selectively permeable
A membrane that allows certain molecules or ions to pass thro…
48 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Genome
Chromosomes
- The reproduction of cells. ... - The continuity of life is bas…
- The life of a cell from the time it is first formed from a…
- A genome is a cells endowment of DNA (genetic information).…
- DNA is packaged into these structures. ... - Each eukaryotic c…
Cell Division
- The reproduction of cells. ... - The continuity of life is bas…
Cell Cycle
- The life of a cell from the time it is first formed from a…
46 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 7
Cell membrane
Amphipathic
Fluid mosaic model
Phospholipids
Consists of lipids and proteins and it is selectively permiable
Phospholipids-both hydrophobic and hydrophilic
Membrane is a fluid structure
Constantly move laterally
Cell membrane
Consists of lipids and proteins and it is selectively permiable
Amphipathic
Phospholipids-both hydrophobic and hydrophilic
46 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
most abundant lipids
main macromolecules in membranes
plasma membrane
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
selectively permeable
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
52 terms
AP biology Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
most abundant lipids
main macromolecules in membranes
plasma membrane
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
selectively permeable
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
26 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7- Photosynthesis
absorption spectrum
ATP synthase
autotroph
C3 plant
Spectrum produced when atoms absorb specific wavelengths of i…
Complex formed of enzymes and their carrier proteins; functio…
Organism that can capture energy and synthesize organic molec…
Plant that fixes carbon dioxide via the Calvin cycle; the fir…
absorption spectrum
Spectrum produced when atoms absorb specific wavelengths of i…
ATP synthase
Complex formed of enzymes and their carrier proteins; functio…
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
oxidized
reduced
redox reactions
NAD
undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are…
Gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
A chemical reaction in which one reactant becomes oxidized an…
A compound form found in living cells, existing in two interc…
oxidized
undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are…
reduced
Gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
20 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
symbiosis
endosymbiosis
theory of endosymbiosis
euglena
a condition of living together (pg. 114)
a condition of living together and within (pg. 114)
small prokaryote cells moved into larger host prokaryote cell…
a modern protist (pg. 116)
symbiosis
a condition of living together (pg. 114)
endosymbiosis
a condition of living together and within (pg. 114)
20 terms
AP Biology chapter 7
redox reaction
oxidation
reducing agent
oxidizing agent
oxidation-reduction reactions
the loss of electrons
the electron donor
the electron acceptor
redox reaction
oxidation-reduction reactions
oxidation
the loss of electrons
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7 Vocab
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
allows some substances to cross it more easily than others; b…
has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region; i.e.…
the membrane is a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of various…
penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the lipid bilayer; a tr…
selective permeability
allows some substances to cross it more easily than others; b…
amphipathic
has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region; i.e.…
33 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
oxidized
reduced
redox reactions
NAD+
undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are…
Gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
A chemical reaction in which one reactant becomes oxidized an…
A compound form found in living cells, existing in two interc…
oxidized
undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are…
reduced
Gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
36 terms
Chapter 7 AP Biology
Cell divison
asexual reproduction
clones
sexual reproduction
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
a type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single…
an organism or cell, or group of organisms or cells, produced…
the production of new living organisms by combining genetic i…
Cell divison
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
asexual reproduction
a type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single…
52 terms
AP biology Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
most abundant lipids
main macromolecules in membranes
plasma membrane
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
selectively permeable
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
15 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
Catabolism
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
the breakdown of organic molecules is exergonic
partial degradation of sugars that occurs in the absence of O2
{aka cellular respiration} consumes organic molecules from fo…
similar to aerobic respiration but consumes compounds other t…
Catabolism
the breakdown of organic molecules is exergonic
Fermentation
partial degradation of sugars that occurs in the absence of O2
42 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 7
active transport
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
amphipathic
aquaporin
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
34 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 7
Active Transport
Amphipathic Molecule
Aquaporins
Concentration Gradient
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of a plant or anim…
An increase or decrease in the density of a chemical substanc…
Active Transport
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
Amphipathic Molecule
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
42 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 7
active transport
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
amphipathic
aquaporin
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
35 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
transport protein
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
depicts the membrane as a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of…
a transmembrane protein that helps a certain substance or cla…
selective permeability
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
13 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 7 - Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Producer
Photoautotroph
The process by which plants, autotrophic protists, and some b…
An organism that makes its own food, therefore sustaining its…
An organism that makes organic food molecules from carbon dio…
An organism that obtains energy from sunlight and carbon from…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, autotrophic protists, and some b…
Autotroph
An organism that makes its own food, therefore sustaining its…
35 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 7 Cell Membrane
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
depicts the membrane as a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of…
proteins that penetrate the hydrophobic core of the lipid bil…
selective permeability
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
54 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
oxidized
reduced
redox reactions
NAD
undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are…
Gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
A chemical reaction in which one reactant becomes oxidized an…
A compound form found in living cells, existing in two interc…
oxidized
undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are…
reduced
Gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 7
active transport
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
amphipathic
aquaporin
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
77 terms
Biology Pre-AP Chapter 7
False
False
False
False
Prokaryotic cells are made up of multiple cells and are very…
All cells have a nucleus, cell membrane, and mitochondria.
When viewing a specimen with a microscope, always start with…
You can find a cell wall in both plant and animal cells.
False
Prokaryotic cells are made up of multiple cells and are very…
False
All cells have a nucleus, cell membrane, and mitochondria.
36 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
allows some substances to cross it more easily than others; b…
has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region; i.e.…
the membrane is a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of various…
penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the lipid bilayer; a tr…
selective permeability
allows some substances to cross it more easily than others; b…
amphipathic
has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region; i.e.…
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
Active Transport
Amphipathic Molecule
Aquaporins
Concentration Gradient
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of a plant or anim…
An increase or decrease in the density of a chemical substanc…
Active Transport
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
Amphipathic Molecule
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
the membrane allows some substances to pass through easier th…
has a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region; a phosphol…
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the lipid bilayer; majo…
selective permeability
the membrane allows some substances to pass through easier th…
amphipathic
has a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region; a phosphol…
16 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Active Transport
Aquaporin
Concentration Gradient
Diffusion
Movement of a substance across a biological membrane against…
Transport protein in plasma membrane in plant or animal cell…
Change in density of a chemical substance in an area. Cells m…
Tendency of a substance to move down its concentration gradie…
Active Transport
Movement of a substance across a biological membrane against…
Aquaporin
Transport protein in plasma membrane in plant or animal cell…
25 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7- Cell Respiration and Fermentation
arrangement of atoms --> potential che…
cellular respiration
energy flow
redox reactions
- bonds release energy as they break and electrons rearrange…
- exergonic... - does work by generating ATP... - catabolic pathway…
energy flow= sunlight --> organic molecules --> heat
- reduction= gain electron (gains energy)... - oxidation= lose e…
arrangement of atoms --> potential che…
- bonds release energy as they break and electrons rearrange…
cellular respiration
- exergonic... - does work by generating ATP... - catabolic pathway…
42 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 7
Membrane Structure of Phospholipids
Cell Membrane
Fluid Mosaic Model
Permeability to Polar Molecules
- Phosphate Head (Hydrophilic)... - Fatty Acid Tails (Hydrophob…
- Separates the cell from the aqueous environment (Thin= 8nm…
- Membrane is a fluid structure with a mosaic of various prot…
- Membrane becomes semi permeable via protein channels... - Spe…
Membrane Structure of Phospholipids
- Phosphate Head (Hydrophilic)... - Fatty Acid Tails (Hydrophob…
Cell Membrane
- Separates the cell from the aqueous environment (Thin= 8nm…
37 terms
Chapter 7 AP Biology
Selective permiability
Amphipathic
Fluid mosaic model
Integral proteins
properties of a acell membrane that allows some substances to…
Molecules are said to be this when it has regions that are bo…
Structural model of the plasma membrane where molecules are f…
penetrate the hydrophobic core of the lipid bilayer, often co…
Selective permiability
properties of a acell membrane that allows some substances to…
Amphipathic
Molecules are said to be this when it has regions that are bo…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Genome
Chromosome
continuity of life based on reproduction of cell
life of cell from time first formed from dividing parent cell…
cells endowment of DNA
form DNA is packaged in for replication and distribution
Cell Division
continuity of life based on reproduction of cell
Cell Cycle
life of cell from time first formed from dividing parent cell…
42 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 7
active transport
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
amphipathic
aquaporin
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
24 terms
Biology in Focus (AP) Chapter 7
fermentation
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration
redox reaction
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
A catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as th…
The catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
A chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
fermentation
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
aerobic respiration
A catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as th…
79 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
the plasma membrane exhibits ____
what is selective permeability?
what is the most abundant lipid in the…
what is the fluid mosaic model?
selective permeability
allowing some substances to cross it more easily than others
phospholipids
states that a membrane is a fluid structure with a "mosaic" o…
the plasma membrane exhibits ____
selective permeability
what is selective permeability?
allowing some substances to cross it more easily than others
9 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
a source of building blocks for growth…
chloroplasts membranes provide a big s…
it is capable of absorbing solar energy
contains an enzyme rich solution where…
What do autotrophs and herterotrophs use the energy produced…
Discuss the significance of membrane space in the chloroplasts.
What is significant about chlorophyll?
What is significance about stroma?
a source of building blocks for growth…
What do autotrophs and herterotrophs use the energy produced…
chloroplasts membranes provide a big s…
Discuss the significance of membrane space in the chloroplasts.
21 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 7
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
Process by which organic compounds are oxidized without oxyge…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
Process by which organic compounds are oxidized without oxyge…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
52 terms
AP biology Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
most abundant lipids
main macromolecules in membranes
plasma membrane
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
selectively permeable
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7 Vocab
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
allows some substances to cross it more easily than others; b…
has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region; i.e.…
the membrane is a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of various…
penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the lipid bilayer; a tr…
selective permeability
allows some substances to cross it more easily than others; b…
amphipathic
has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region; i.e.…
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
Energy in ecosystems
Fermentation
Aerobic respiration
Cellular Respiration
- Energy flows into an ecosystem as sunlight and ultimately l…
- A catabolic process that is the partial degradation of suga…
- The most efficient catabolic pathway in which oxygen is con…
- Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and o…
Energy in ecosystems
- Energy flows into an ecosystem as sunlight and ultimately l…
Fermentation
- A catabolic process that is the partial degradation of suga…
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 7
active transport
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
concentration gradient
diffusion
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
A region along which the density of a chemical substance incr…
The spontaneous movement of a substance down its concentratio…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7 Membrane Function
Water and Oxygen
Respiration
Water and Carbon Dioxide
Respiration
Identify at least two substances that would need to move into…
Water and oxygen is needed to move into a cell to maintain ho…
Identify at least two substances that would need to move out…
Water and carbon dioxide is needed to move out of a cell to m…
Water and Oxygen
Identify at least two substances that would need to move into…
Respiration
Water and oxygen is needed to move into a cell to maintain ho…
AP Biology Chapter 7
Plasma membrane
phospholipid
fluid mosaic model
membrane fluidity
-semi permeable ... -made of lipids and proteins and carbohydrat…
-most abundant... -amphipathic (has hydrophobic and hydrophobic…
fluid structure with a mosaic of proteins embedded in or atta…
-lateral movement ... -remains fluid as temperatures decrease un…
Plasma membrane
-semi permeable ... -made of lipids and proteins and carbohydrat…
phospholipid
-most abundant... -amphipathic (has hydrophobic and hydrophobic…
9 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
Because models are hypotheses, replaci…
Figure 7.12 shows how membrane sidedne…
a) Diffusion of one solute. The membra…
Two sugar solutions of different conce…
Figure 7.5
Figure 7.12
Figure 7.13
Figure 7.14
Because models are hypotheses, replaci…
Figure 7.5
Figure 7.12 shows how membrane sidedne…
Figure 7.12
52 terms
AP biology Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
most abundant lipids
main macromolecules in membranes
plasma membrane
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
selectively permeable
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
24 terms
Chapter 7 AP Biology
Plasma membrane
Selectively permeable
Phospholipids
Membrane proteins
Forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cells inter…
Allows some substances to cross more easily than others
Form a lipid bilayer; are amphipathic molecules, having both…
Important for transporting substances across the cell membran…
Plasma membrane
Forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cells inter…
Selectively permeable
Allows some substances to cross more easily than others
24 terms
Chapter 7 AP Biology
Plasma membrane
Selectively permeable
Phospholipids
Membrane proteins
Forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cells inter…
Allows some substances to cross more easily than others
Form a lipid bilayer; are amphipathic molecules, having both…
Important for transporting substances across the cell membran…
Plasma membrane
Forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cells inter…
Selectively permeable
Allows some substances to cross more easily than others
25 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
Absorption spectrum
ATP synthase
Autotroph
C3 plant
The various portions of visible light that pigments are capab…
Enzyme that is part of an ATP synthase complex and functions…
any organism capable of self-nourishment by using inorganic m…
Plant that fixes carbon dioxide via the Calvin cycle; the fir…
Absorption spectrum
The various portions of visible light that pigments are capab…
ATP synthase
Enzyme that is part of an ATP synthase complex and functions…
35 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
depicts the membrane as a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of…
proteins that penetrate the hydrophobic core of the lipid bil…
selective permeability
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
35 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
transport protein
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
depicts the membrane as a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of…
a transmembrane protein that helps a certain substance or cla…
selective permeability
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
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