Study sets matching "ap biology chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "ap biology chapter 8"

AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
34 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 8
Metabolism
Metabolic pathways
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product
Release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simple…
Consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones (…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Metabolic pathways
Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product
29 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
autotroph
heterotrophs
mesophyll
stroma
organisms that feed themselves without eating anything derive…
organisms that live on compounds produced by other organisms
the tissue in the interior of a leaf
the dense fluid inside a chloroplast
autotroph
organisms that feed themselves without eating anything derive…
heterotrophs
organisms that live on compounds produced by other organisms
AP Biology - Chapter 8
Cell division
Chromosomes
Asexual reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Reproduction at the cellular level,... requires the duplication…
The structures that contain most of the cells DNA
Creation of genetically identical offspring by a single paren…
Requires fertilization of an egg by a sperm. Testes and ovari…
Cell division
Reproduction at the cellular level,... requires the duplication…
Chromosomes
The structures that contain most of the cells DNA
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
32 terms
Chapter 8 AP Biology Terms
The Living Cell
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathways
-Miniature chemical factory... -cell extracts energy and applies…
-the totality of an organism's chemical reactions... -its an eme…
-his starts with a specific molecule and ends with a product…
-release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpl…
The Living Cell
-Miniature chemical factory... -cell extracts energy and applies…
Metabolism
-the totality of an organism's chemical reactions... -its an eme…
AP Biology Chapter 8
∆G
∆H
∆S
∆G=∆H-T∆S
the change in free energy
change in total energy
change in entropy
the change in free energy during a process is related to the…
∆G
the change in free energy
∆H
change in total energy
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8 Vocab
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; emergent pr…
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
pathways that release energy by breaking down complex molecul…
pathways that consume energy to build complicated molecules f…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; emergent pr…
metabolic pathway
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
31 terms
Biology in Focus (AP) Chapter 8
photosynthesis
autotrophs
heterotrophs
mesophyll
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
organisms that self-sustain themselves
organisms that are unable to produce their own food
The ground tissue of a leaf, sandwiched between the upper and…
photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
autotrophs
organisms that self-sustain themselves
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
Trait
True Breeding
P Generation
F1 Generation
every variant for a character
-varieties over many generations... -produced only same variety…
-parental generation... -true breeding parents
-first filial generation... -hybrid offspring of P generation
Trait
every variant for a character
True Breeding
-varieties over many generations... -produced only same variety…
45 terms
Chapter 8 AP Biology
law of segregation
test cross
dihybrid crosses
law of independent assortment
separation of alleles, or of homologous chromosomes, from eac…
Mating of a dominant-phenotype individual (who may be either…
A mating in which the parents differ with respect to the alle…
During meiosis, the random separation of genes carried on non…
law of segregation
separation of alleles, or of homologous chromosomes, from eac…
test cross
Mating of a dominant-phenotype individual (who may be either…
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
saprobes
saprophytic fungi
parasitic fungi
fruiting body
rotten livers (pg. 125)
fungi that get their nutrition from rotting plants (pg. 125)
fungi that absorb nutrients from living hosts (pg. 125)
the part of the mushroom that releases spores (pg. 126)
saprobes
rotten livers (pg. 125)
saprophytic fungi
fungi that get their nutrition from rotting plants (pg. 125)
AP Biology Chapter 8
^G
^H
^S
^G=^H-T^S
the change in free energy
change in total energy
change in entropy
the change in free energy during a process is related to the…
^G
the change in free energy
^H
change in total energy
39 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
photosynthesis
autotrophs
heterotrophs
mesophyll
the conversion of sunlight to chemical energy
"self feeders" who sustain themselves without eating anything…
organisms who live on compounds produced by other organisms
the tissue in the interior of the leaf
photosynthesis
the conversion of sunlight to chemical energy
autotrophs
"self feeders" who sustain themselves without eating anything…
18 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8 Terms
Aerobic
Anabolism
Anaerobic
Catabolism
Requires oxygen
Metabolic process by which larger molecules are synthesized f…
Growing or metabolizing in the absence of oxygen
Metabolic process that breaks down large molecules into small…
Aerobic
Requires oxygen
Anabolism
Metabolic process by which larger molecules are synthesized f…
61 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Photoautotrophs
Heterotrophs
- The process where the chloroplasts of plants capture light…
- "Self feeders" who sustain themselves without eating anythi…
- Organisms that use light was a source of energy to synthesi…
- Unable to make their own food and live off of compounds pro…
Photosynthesis
- The process where the chloroplasts of plants capture light…
Autotrophs
- "Self feeders" who sustain themselves without eating anythi…
55 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 8
Metabolism
Anabolic Pathways
Catabolic Pathways
Exergonic Reactions
- Chemical reactions of life... - Forming bonds between molecul…
- Consume energy to build larger molecules from small ones... -…
- Break down of complex molecules into simpler ones... - Exampl…
- Release energy... - Digesting polymers... -Hydrolysis= cataboli…
Metabolism
- Chemical reactions of life... - Forming bonds between molecul…
Anabolic Pathways
- Consume energy to build larger molecules from small ones... -…
43 terms
Chapter 8: Metabolism (AP BIOLOGY)
METABOLISM
CATABOLIC PATHWAY
ANABOLIC PATHWAY
ENERGY
THE TOTALITY OF AN ORGANISM'S CHEMICAL REACTIONS. AS A WHOLE…
LEADS TO THE RELEASE OF ENERGY BY THE BREAKDOWN OF COMPLEX MO…
CONSUME ENERGY TO BUILD COMPLICATED MOLECULES FROM SIMPLER ONES
DEFINED AS THE CAPACITY TO DO WORK
METABOLISM
THE TOTALITY OF AN ORGANISM'S CHEMICAL REACTIONS. AS A WHOLE…
CATABOLIC PATHWAY
LEADS TO THE RELEASE OF ENERGY BY THE BREAKDOWN OF COMPLEX MO…
70 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
∆G
∆H
∆S
∆G=∆H-T∆S
the change in free energy
change in total energy
change in entropy
the change in free energy during a process is related to the…
∆G
the change in free energy
∆H
change in total energy
52 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Anabolic Metabolism
Catabolic Metabolism
The totality of an organisms chemical reactions.
A pathway that begins with some molecule, and ends with a pro…
Consumes energy in order to construct larger molecules from s…
Releases energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpl…
Metabolism
The totality of an organisms chemical reactions.
Metabolic Pathway
A pathway that begins with some molecule, and ends with a pro…
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
catabolic
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; it is an em…
begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product; each…
releases energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpl…
cellular respiration is an example of this
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; it is an em…
metabolic pathway
begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product; each…
104 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
catabolic
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; it is an em…
begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product; each…
releases energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpl…
cellular respiration is an example of this
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; it is an em…
metabolic pathway
begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product; each…
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
totality of an organisms chemical reactions
molecule -> altered -> product
degradative processes that release energy by breaking down co…
consume energy to build complicated molecules from simpler ones
Metabolism
totality of an organisms chemical reactions
Metabolic Pathway
molecule -> altered -> product
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
Chapter 8 AP Biology
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
antibiotic
A set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds…
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
competitive inhibitor that disrupts pathway or enzymatic acti…
metabolism
A set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds…
metabolic pathway
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
AP biology chapter 8 photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
are capable of synthesizing their own…
Process that converts solar energy into chemical energy
Consume energy from the sun
Obtain their organic molecules from other organisms (You and I)
photoautotrauphs
Photosynthesis
Process that converts solar energy into chemical energy
Autotrophs
Consume energy from the sun
35 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 8 Enzymes
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
44 terms
Biology in Focus (AP) Chapter 8
photosynthesis
autotroph
producer
photoautotroph
The conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is sto…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
The ultimate source of organic compounds for all nonautotroph…
Organisms that use light as a source of energy to synthesize…
photosynthesis
The conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is sto…
autotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
33 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
catabolic
anabolic
energy
kinetic energy
A process in which large molecules are broken down
A process in which large molecules are built from small molec…
Capacity for doing work or producing heat
Energy of motion
catabolic
A process in which large molecules are broken down
anabolic
A process in which large molecules are built from small molec…
53 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
cell division
chromosome
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
The reproduction of a cell through duplication of the genome…
A gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus of a eukaryoti…
The creation of genetically identical offspring by a single p…
The creation of genetically unique offspring by the fusion of…
cell division
The reproduction of a cell through duplication of the genome…
chromosome
A gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus of a eukaryoti…
AP Biology Chapter 8
Activation Energy
Active Site
Allosteric Regulation
Anabolic Pathway
Free energy of activation
The specific portion of an enzyme that attaches to the substr…
The binding of a molecule to a protein that affects the funct…
A metabolic pathway that synthesizes a complex molecule from…
Activation Energy
Free energy of activation
Active Site
The specific portion of an enzyme that attaches to the substr…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathway
Anabolic pathway
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
A series of chemical reactions that either build a complex mo…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
Metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either build a complex mo…
20 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Energy
Thermodynamics
an emergent property of life that arises from interactions be…
pathway in a cell that begins with a specific molecule which…
the capacity to cause change.
the study of the energy transformations that occur in a colle…
Metabolism
an emergent property of life that arises from interactions be…
Metabolic Pathway
pathway in a cell that begins with a specific molecule which…
AP Biology Chapter 8
∆G
∆H
∆S
∆G=∆H-T∆S
the change in free energy
change in total energy
change in entropy
the change in free energy during a process is related to the…
∆G
the change in free energy
∆H
change in total energy
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
40 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
36 terms
AP Bio Chapter 8 Vocab
Activation Energy
Active Site
Allosteric Regulation
Anabolic Pathway
The initial investment of energy for starting a reaction, the…
Typically a pocket or groove on an enzyme and the region the…
Any case in which a protein's function (active site) is affec…
Pathway that consumes energy to build complex molecules from…
Activation Energy
The initial investment of energy for starting a reaction, the…
Active Site
Typically a pocket or groove on an enzyme and the region the…
26 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
Metabolism
Catabolic
Anabolic
Energy in an Ecosystem
anything that's a chemical reaction in your body
Release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simple…
consume energy to build complicated molecules from simpler on…
Energy flows into an ecosystem in the form of light and exits…
Metabolism
anything that's a chemical reaction in your body
Catabolic
Release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simple…
AP Biology: Chapter 8
Layers of a Leaf
Stomata
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
upper epidermis... (mesophyll)... palisade... spongy... lower epidermal c…
found on lower epidermis of plant... microscopic pores... CO2 enter…
6CO2 + 6H2O ----> C6H12O6 + 6O2... 2 separate processes (light d…
2 membranes... stroma - dense fluid surrounded by membranes... thyl…
Layers of a Leaf
upper epidermis... (mesophyll)... palisade... spongy... lower epidermal c…
Stomata
found on lower epidermis of plant... microscopic pores... CO2 enter…
57 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 8
Metabolism
Catabolic Reactions
Anabolic Reactions
Kinetic Energy
all of an organism's chemical reactions; central properties o…
1) release energy... 2) break down molecules... 3) photosynthesis a…
1) consume energy... 2) builds larger molecules from smaller mol…
energy based on the movement of an object
Metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions; central properties o…
Catabolic Reactions
1) release energy... 2) break down molecules... 3) photosynthesis a…
AP Biology Chapter 8
∆G
∆H
∆S
∆G=∆H-T∆S
the change in free energy
change in total energy
change in entropy
the change in free energy during a process is related to the…
∆G
the change in free energy
∆H
change in total energy
26 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
Catabolism
They consume energy to build up polyme…
Energy cannot be created or destroyed
The organism ultimately must obtain al…
Which term most precisely describes the cellular process of b…
Which of the following is (are) TRUE for anabolic pathways?
Which of the following is a statement of the first law of the…
For living organisms, which of the following is an important…
Catabolism
Which term most precisely describes the cellular process of b…
They consume energy to build up polyme…
Which of the following is (are) TRUE for anabolic pathways?
86 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
catabolic
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; it is an em…
begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product; each…
releases energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpl…
cellular respiration is an example of this
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; it is an em…
metabolic pathway
begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product; each…
AP Biology - Chapter 8
metabolism
metabole
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
change
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
metabole
change
44 terms
Biology in Focus (AP) Chapter 8
photosynthesis
autotroph
producer
photoautotroph
The conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is sto…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
The ultimate source of organic compounds for all nonautotroph…
Organisms that use light as a source of energy to synthesize…
photosynthesis
The conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is sto…
autotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
Chapter 8 AP Biology
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathway
Anabolic pathway
Bioenergetics
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
(1) The overall flow and transformation of energy in an organ…
Metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
Catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
AP Biology Chapter 8
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Photosynthetic Organisms
the process that converts solar energy into chemical energy…
producers of the biosphere, producing organic molecules from…
obtain their organic material from other organisms... are the c…
Some plants, Cyanobacteria, Multicellular algae, Unicellular…
Photosynthesis
the process that converts solar energy into chemical energy…
Autotrophs
producers of the biosphere, producing organic molecules from…
40 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 8
Absorption Spectrum
Action Spectrum
Autotroph
Bundle-sheath cell
The range of a pigment's ability to absorb various wavelength…
A graph that profiles the relative effectiveness of different…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
A layer of cells in plant leaves and stems that forms a sheat…
Absorption Spectrum
The range of a pigment's ability to absorb various wavelength…
Action Spectrum
A graph that profiles the relative effectiveness of different…
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