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Study sets matching "ap biology life molecular diversity"

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Study sets matching "ap biology life molecular diversity"

8 terms
AP Biology Ch 04: "Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life", MOLECULAR STRUCTURES
hydroxyl
carbonyl
carboxyl
amino
hydroxyl
carbonyl
8 terms
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life - AP Biology
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of orga…
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
Compounds that have the same number of atoms of the same elem…
Isomers that differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms
Organic Chemistry
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of orga…
Hydrocarbons
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
39 terms
AP Biology CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
105 terms
Old AP Biology - Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
water
carbon
carbon
organic chemistry
Although cells are 70-95% ______, the rest consists mostly of…
________ is unparalleled in its ability to form large, comple…
Proteins, DNA, carbohydrates, and other molecules that distin…
_________ ____________ is the study of compounds that contain…
water
Although cells are 70-95% ______, the rest consists mostly of…
carbon
________ is unparalleled in its ability to form large, comple…
34 terms
AP Biology- Carbon & Molecular Diversity of Life
Carbon
Organic Chemistry
Miller- Urey Experiment... Origin of life…
Covalent Bonds
"The Backbone of Life" ... Living organisms are made up of mostl…
Separate branch of chemistry dedicated to the study of Carbon
Abiotic Synthesis of Organic Compounds... H20, CH4, NH3, H2 were…
The sharing of electrons in molecules outer rings of atoms, t…
Carbon
"The Backbone of Life" ... Living organisms are made up of mostl…
Organic Chemistry
Separate branch of chemistry dedicated to the study of Carbon
8 terms
AP Biology 04 - Carbon and The Molecular Diversity of Life
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Cis-trans isomer
Enantiomer
Functional Group
An adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
One of two compounds that are mirror images of each other and…
A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the ca…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
An adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
Cis-trans isomer
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
68 terms
AP Biology: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Compound
Macromolecules
Hydrocarbons
Hydroxyl Group
a compound containing carbon
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
-OH (HO-)
Organic Compound
a compound containing carbon
Macromolecules
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
68 terms
AP Biology: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Compound
Macromolecules
Hydrocarbons
Hydroxyl Group
a compound containing carbon
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
-OH (HO-)
Organic Compound
a compound containing carbon
Macromolecules
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
32 terms
AP Biology: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
What is organic chemistry?
What are hydrocarbons?
What are isomers?
What are structural isomers?
...
...
...
...
What is organic chemistry?
...
What are hydrocarbons?
...
76 terms
AP biology chapter 3- carbon and the molecular diversity of life
organic compound
carbon
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
macromolecules
compound containing carbon
aside from water, living organisms consist mostly of ______-b…
critically important molecules of all living things fall into…
huge molecules
organic compound
compound containing carbon
carbon
aside from water, living organisms consist mostly of ______-b…
9 terms
AP Biology: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Carbonic properties
Isomers
Functional groups
Hydroxyl
Diversity from bonding with 4 other molecules... 4 valence elec…
Molecules that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Attached to the carbon skeleton have diverse properties ... Org…
OH - alcohols such as ethanol, methanol... Helps dissolve molec…
Carbonic properties
Diversity from bonding with 4 other molecules... 4 valence elec…
Isomers
Molecules that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
39 terms
AP Biology Ch 04: "Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life"
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
20 terms
AP Biology CH 4: CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
126 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Functional Groups:
The 7 functional groups:
Four Ways that Carbon Skeletons Can Va…
5-Methyl Cytosine
• Perform chemical reactions... • A group of atoms responsible f…
• Hydroxyl (--OH)... • Carbonyl (ketone, aldehyde) (>C=O)... • Carb…
• Length... • Branching... • Double Bond Position... • Presence of Rings
a component of DNA that has been modified by addition of a me…
Functional Groups:
• Perform chemical reactions... • A group of atoms responsible f…
The 7 functional groups:
• Hydroxyl (--OH)... • Carbonyl (ketone, aldehyde) (>C=O)... • Carb…
16 terms
[AP BIOLOGY] CHAPTER 4 _ CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Carbon
Single Carbon Bonds
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Skeletons
Total of 6 electrons, 4 in valence shell.
Tetrahedron, double carbon bonds are in the same plane.
The source of carbon for all the organic molecules found in o…
Straight, branched, or in closed rings.
Carbon
Total of 6 electrons, 4 in valence shell.
Single Carbon Bonds
Tetrahedron, double carbon bonds are in the same plane.
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
An organic molecule consisting of only hydrogen and carbon.
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
organic chemistry
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
hydrocarbons
An organic molecule consisting of only hydrogen and carbon.
19 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
An organic molecule consisting of only hydrogen and carbon.
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
organic chemistry
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
hydrocarbons
An organic molecule consisting of only hydrogen and carbon.
32 terms
AP BIOLOGY ch3: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
carbon
macromolecules
the formation of bonds with carbon
molecular diversity and carbon skeleto…
comp containing carbon = organic... usually S,H,N,O,P main eleme…
the shape and structure of macromolecules exhibit unique prop…
Carbon can bond with 4 other elements, bec 4 valence electron…
- carbon chains form a skeleton for other elements to bond on…
carbon
comp containing carbon = organic... usually S,H,N,O,P main eleme…
macromolecules
the shape and structure of macromolecules exhibit unique prop…
21 terms
AP Biology CH 4: CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Organic Chemistry
Functional Groups
Alcohols
Carbonyl Group
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
components (specific configuration of atoms commonly attached…
organic compounds containing hydroxyl groups.
a functional group present in aldehydes and ketones consistin…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Functional Groups
components (specific configuration of atoms commonly attached…
20 terms
AP Biology Chapter #4 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
Jons Jakob Berzelius
vitalism
Friedrich Wohler
the study of carbon compounds... - ranges from simple molecules…
a 19th century Swedish chemist who had made the distinction b…
the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
German chemist who attempted to make inorganic salt (ammonium…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds... - ranges from simple molecules…
Jons Jakob Berzelius
a 19th century Swedish chemist who had made the distinction b…
59 terms
AP Biology - Ch 3 - Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
A compound containing carbon is said t…
On the molecular scale, member sof thr…
_, the number of covalent bonds it can…
_, organic molecules consisting of onl…
organic compound
macromolecules
valence
hydrocarbons
A compound containing carbon is said t…
organic compound
On the molecular scale, member sof thr…
macromolecules
13 terms
AP Biology CH 4: CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms…
organic compounds with the same molecular formula(same number…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms…
39 terms
AP Biology CH 4: CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
132 terms
AP Biology - Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life (C3)
water
organic compound
carbon
macromolecules
Aside from _________, living organisms consist mostly of carb…
a compound containing carbon, except *carbon dioxide and carb…
_________ can form a variety of molecules in shape and funcion
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
water
Aside from _________, living organisms consist mostly of carb…
organic compound
a compound containing carbon, except *carbon dioxide and carb…
25 terms
AP BIOLOGY UNIT #2: CARBON and MOLECULAR DIVERSITY of LIFE
structural molecule of water
hydrogen bonding of water molecules
properties of water
what elements must organic molecules c…
1: high specific heat... 2: universal solvent... 3: high heat of va…
carbon and hydrogen
structural molecule of water
hydrogen bonding of water molecules
41 terms
AP Biology In Focus Campbell Ch 3 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Major elements of life are
All Organic compounds
Carbon is the best at forming molecules
Isomers
C, O, H, N, S, P -- they make up most of life.
contain Carbon and most have hydrogen.
because it has 4 valence electrons, it can form up to four co…
Molecules that have the same molecular formula but are arrang…
Major elements of life are
C, O, H, N, S, P -- they make up most of life.
All Organic compounds
contain Carbon and most have hydrogen.
126 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Functional Groups:
The 7 functional groups:
Four Ways that Carbon Skeletons Can Va…
5-Methyl Cytosine
• Perform chemical reactions... • A group of atoms responsible f…
• Hydroxyl (--OH)... • Carbonyl (ketone, aldehyde) (>C=O)... • Carb…
• Length... • Branching... • Double Bond Position... • Presence of Rings
a component of DNA that has been modified by addition of a me…
Functional Groups:
• Perform chemical reactions... • A group of atoms responsible f…
The 7 functional groups:
• Hydroxyl (--OH)... • Carbonyl (ketone, aldehyde) (>C=O)... • Carb…
16 terms
[AP BIOLOGY] CHAPTER 4 _ CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Carbon
Single Carbon Bonds
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Skeletons
Total of 6 electrons, 4 in valence shell.
Tetrahedron, double carbon bonds are in the same plane.
The source of carbon for all the organic molecules found in o…
Straight, branched, or in closed rings.
Carbon
Total of 6 electrons, 4 in valence shell.
Single Carbon Bonds
Tetrahedron, double carbon bonds are in the same plane.
20 terms
Chapter 4 (carbon and the molecular diversity of life)- AP biology
The study of carbon compounds
The Swedish chemist who made the disti…
The German chemist that created urea b…
The student of Wohler's that made the…
organic chemistry
Jakob Berzelius
Friedrich Wohler
Hermann Kolbe
The study of carbon compounds
organic chemistry
The Swedish chemist who made the disti…
Jakob Berzelius
22 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
organic chemistry
methane molecule
ethane molecule
ethene (ethylene) molecule
the study of compounds containing carbon
methane- when a carbon atom has four single bonds to other at…
ethane- a molecule may have more than one tetrahedral group o…
when two carbon atoms are joined by a joined by a double bond…
organic chemistry
the study of compounds containing carbon
methane molecule
methane- when a carbon atom has four single bonds to other at…
14 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Explain Stanley Miller's Experiment to…
Carbon Chain skeletons
hydrocarbon
isotope
1. Water mixture in the "sea" flask was heated; vapor entered…
straight, branched, closed rings
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen (ex:…
different atomic forms of the same element... ex: carbon-12
Explain Stanley Miller's Experiment to…
1. Water mixture in the "sea" flask was heated; vapor entered…
Carbon Chain skeletons
straight, branched, closed rings
62 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic compound
Macromolecule
Valence
Hydrocarbon
A chemical compound containing carbon.
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
The bonding capacity of a given atom; the number of covalent…
An organic molecule consisting of only carbon and hydrogen.
Organic compound
A chemical compound containing carbon.
Macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
8 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 4 Vocab (Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life)
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
cis-trans isomer
enantiomer
functional group
An adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
One of two compounds that are mirror images of each other and…
A specific figuration of atoms commonly attached to the carbo…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
An adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
cis-trans isomer
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
29 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3 - Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
condensation reaction
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to…
macromolecule
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
40 terms
AP Biology CH 4: CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
39 terms
AP Biology CH 4: CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
41 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 4 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Carbons
vitalism
mechanism
the study of carbon compounds... -a lot of organic compounds con…
the backbone of life... -able to form molecules that are large,…
belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physical a…
the view that all natural phenomena, including the processes…
Organic Chemistry
the study of carbon compounds... -a lot of organic compounds con…
Carbons
the backbone of life... -able to form molecules that are large,…
10 terms
AP Biology Unit 3: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Macromolecule
Functional Groups
Carbohydrates
Lipids
...
...
...
...
Macromolecule
...
Functional Groups
...
25 terms
AP Biology Chpt 4 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic chemistry
Carbon has
List the charecteristics ofcarbon skel…
What is a hydrocarbon? Name two. Are h…
is the study of carbon compounds
4 valence electrons, can bond to 4 items
vary in length. ... May have double bonds, which can vary in loc…
-Are molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen,.... -Hyd…
Organic chemistry
is the study of carbon compounds
Carbon has
4 valence electrons, can bond to 4 items
85 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 3 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Compound
Macromolecules
Valence
Hydrocarbons
a compound containing carbon
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
the number of covalent bonds an atom can form
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
Organic Compound
a compound containing carbon
Macromolecules
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
62 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic compound
Macromolecule
Valence
Hydrocarbon
A chemical compound containing carbon.
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
The bonding capacity of a given atom; the number of covalent…
An organic molecule consisting of only carbon and hydrogen.
Organic compound
A chemical compound containing carbon.
Macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
41 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary - Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Compound
Macromolecules
Valence
Hydrocarbon
A compound containing carbon
Large molecules composed of many smaller subunits (ex. carboh…
The number of covalent bonds an atom can form
Organic molecules consisting of carbon and hydrogen
Organic Compound
A compound containing carbon
Macromolecules
Large molecules composed of many smaller subunits (ex. carboh…
8 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
hydroxyl group
carbonyl group
carboxyl group
Amino group
(-OH) hydrogen atoms form a polar covalent bond with an oxyge…
consist of a carbon double bond to an oxygen. ... Called an alde…
a carbon double bond to an oxygen and attached to a hydroxyl…
consist of a nitrogen atom bonded to two hydrogens (-NH2).... Ca…
hydroxyl group
(-OH) hydrogen atoms form a polar covalent bond with an oxyge…
carbonyl group
consist of a carbon double bond to an oxygen. ... Called an alde…
12 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Organic Chemistry
Carbon's Versatility
COHN
Hydrocarbons
The study of carbon compounds.
Forms 4 covalent bonds with other atoms (single, double, and…
Elements that are easily paired because of valence compatibil…
Organic molecules made of only carbon and hydrogen; Hydrophob…
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon compounds.
Carbon's Versatility
Forms 4 covalent bonds with other atoms (single, double, and…
13 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
amino group
ammonia
carbonyl group
carboxyl group
A chemical group consisting of a nitrogen atom bonded to two…
A small, very toxic molecule (NH3) produced by nitrogen fixat…
A chemical group present in aldehydes and ketones and consist…
A chemical group present in organic acids and consisting of a…
amino group
A chemical group consisting of a nitrogen atom bonded to two…
ammonia
A small, very toxic molecule (NH3) produced by nitrogen fixat…
39 terms
AP Biology CH 4: CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
15 terms
AP Bio Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Hydrocarbons
Geometric Isomers
Enantiomers
Structural Isomers
Organic molecules that consist of only carbon and hydrogen at…
Compounds have the same covalent partnerships that differ in…
molecules that are mirror images of each other
molecules that have the same molecular formula, but differ in…
Hydrocarbons
Organic molecules that consist of only carbon and hydrogen at…
Geometric Isomers
Compounds have the same covalent partnerships that differ in…
61 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
What is an organic compound?
What are the four main classes of all…
What are macromolecules?
What are the three classes of macromol…
A molecule made by organisms
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Large molecules composed of smaller molecules
Carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids
What is an organic compound?
A molecule made by organisms
What are the four main classes of all…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
39 terms
AP Biology CH 4: CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
9 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3: Carbon & the Molecular Diversity of Life
Key Concept 3.1
Key Concept 3.2
Key Concept 3.3
Key Concept 3.4
Carbon atoms can form diverse molecules by bonding to four ot…
Macromolecules are polymers, built from monomers
Carbohydrates serve as fuel and building material
Lipids are a diverse group of hydrophobic molecules
Key Concept 3.1
Carbon atoms can form diverse molecules by bonding to four ot…
Key Concept 3.2
Macromolecules are polymers, built from monomers
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