Study sets matching "ap biology reading guide"

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Study sets matching "ap biology reading guide"

AP Biology Chapter 4 Reading Guide
Heated
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Sparks
Condenser
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
Step three of Stanley's experiment: _______ were discharged t…
Step four of Stanley's experiment: A _______ cooled the atmos…
Heated
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 3
Unequal distribution of electrons. The…
The slightly positive charge of hydrog…
Cohesion
Adhesion
What is a polar molecule? Why is water considered polar?
Explain hydrogen bonding. How many hydrogen bonds can a singl…
When the hydrogn bonds hold the substance together. HOLDS TOG…
he clinging of one substance to another. HOLDS ON
Unequal distribution of electrons. The…
What is a polar molecule? Why is water considered polar?
The slightly positive charge of hydrog…
Explain hydrogen bonding. How many hydrogen bonds can a singl…
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2 Reading Guide
Matter
Example of matter
Element
Example of an element
anything that takes up space and has mass
humans
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
oxygen
Matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
Example of matter
humans
AP Biology Chapter 5 Reading Guide
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
Macromolecules
Lipids
Polymer
The large molecules of all living things fall into just four…
Polymers built from monomers.
Which class of molecule isn't a macromolecule?
Long chain-like molecules consisting of many similar building…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
The large molecules of all living things fall into just four…
Macromolecules
Polymers built from monomers.
AP Biology Chapter 7 Reading Guide
Selective Permeability
Amphipathic Molecule
Gorter and Grendel
Davson and Danielli
It allows some substances to cross it more easily than others…
Has both a hydrophillic and hydrophobic region. An example is…
These two people thought that the membrane must be made of a…
These two people thought that membranes are coated on both si…
Selective Permeability
It allows some substances to cross it more easily than others…
Amphipathic Molecule
Has both a hydrophillic and hydrophobic region. An example is…
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 4
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
organic molecules consisting of only c…
Isotope
Isomer
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
what is a hydrocarbon?
a variation of an element with extra neutrons
compounds that have the same number of atoms of the same elem…
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
organic molecules consisting of only c…
what is a hydrocarbon?
37 terms
AP Biology-Reading Guide 2
What are the four main stages that cou…
What are the atmospheric conditions th…
What is the significance of Oparin and…
How did the Miller-Urey experiment tes…
-The abiotic synthesis(conjoining) of small organic molecules…
The first atmosphere was thick with water vapor and other com…
Oparin and Haldane hypothesized that Early Earth's atmosphere…
The Miller-Urey experiments prove and demonstrate the abiotic…
What are the four main stages that cou…
-The abiotic synthesis(conjoining) of small organic molecules…
What are the atmospheric conditions th…
The first atmosphere was thick with water vapor and other com…
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential element: about 25-92 natural…
anything that takes up space and has mass. rocks, metals, oil…
a substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
a substance containing 2 or more different elements combined…
What is the difference between an essential element that and…
Matter
anything that takes up space and has mass. rocks, metals, oil…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 5
The large molecules of all living thin…
Which of the four main classes are mac…
Macromolecules
plymer
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins
a molecule containing a lot of molecules
long molecule of identical building blocks linked by covalent…
The large molecules of all living thin…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Which of the four main classes are mac…
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins
31 terms
Chapter 11 AP Biology Reading Guide
What is a signal transduction pathway?
How does a yeast mating serve as an ex…
Paracrine signaling
Synaptic signaling
Process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converted to…
Alpha yeast sends alpha signals that A yeast receives. A yeas…
Secreting cells sends regulators to target cells and to all c…
Electrical signals trigger chemical signal. Very specific; af…
What is a signal transduction pathway?
Process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converted to…
How does a yeast mating serve as an ex…
Alpha yeast sends alpha signals that A yeast receives. A yeas…
60 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1 Reading Guide
The seven properties of life
Example of evolutionary adaptation
Example of order
Example of regulation
Evolutionary adaptation, order, regulation, energy processing…
Giraffe's necks
A beehive
Metabolism
The seven properties of life
Evolutionary adaptation, order, regulation, energy processing…
Example of evolutionary adaptation
Giraffe's necks
21 terms
AP Biology Chapter 10 Reading Guide
Explain how we know that the oxygen re…
Chemiosmosis
Electrochemical gradient
Explain what occurs in the light react…
Scientists conducted an experiment by using 18^O as a tracer…
the movement of ions across a semipermeable membrane, down th…
consists of two parts: the chemical gradient, or difference i…
Water is split, providing electrons and protons, and giving o…
Explain how we know that the oxygen re…
Scientists conducted an experiment by using 18^O as a tracer…
Chemiosmosis
the movement of ions across a semipermeable membrane, down th…
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 12 Reading Guide
Three key roles of cell division
Cell cycle
Genomes in eukaryotes vs. prokaryotes
How many chromosomes in a human somati…
reproduction, growth, repair
the life of a cell from the time it is formed till it divides
A prokaryotic genome is made up of a single long DNA molecule…
46
Three key roles of cell division
reproduction, growth, repair
Cell cycle
the life of a cell from the time it is formed till it divides
62 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Reading Guide
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
Macromolecules
Lipids
Polymer
The large molecules of all living things fall into just four…
Polymers built from monomers.
Which class of molecule isn't a macromolecule?
Long chain-like molecules consisting of many similar building…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
The large molecules of all living things fall into just four…
Macromolecules
Polymers built from monomers.
AP Biology Chapter 5 Reading Guide
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
Macromolecules
Lipids
Polymer
The large molecules of all living things fall into just four…
Polymers built from monomers.
Which class of molecule isn't a macromolecule?
Long chain-like molecules consisting of many similar building…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
The large molecules of all living things fall into just four…
Macromolecules
Polymers built from monomers.
AP Biology Chapter 4 Reading Guide
Heated
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Sparks
Condenser
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
Step three of Stanley's experiment: _______ were discharged t…
Step four of Stanley's experiment: A _______ cooled the atmos…
Heated
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15 Reading Guide
Chromosome theory of inheritance
What is the SRY gene? Where is it foun…
Sex-linked gene
How has the term "sex-linked gene" bee…
Mendelian genes have specific loci along chromosomes and it i…
It is a gene on the Y chromosome required for the development…
A gene located on either sex chromosome
It used to just refer to a gene on the X chromosome
Chromosome theory of inheritance
Mendelian genes have specific loci along chromosomes and it i…
What is the SRY gene? Where is it foun…
It is a gene on the Y chromosome required for the development…
36 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 Reading Guide
Explain the elements of Stanley Miller…
What was collected in Stanley Miller's…
What was concluded from the results of…
How many valence electrons does carbon…
(1) A water mixture is heated in the "sea" flask and then ent…
Samples of the cycling material were collected. He identified…
Organic molecules may have been synthesized abiotically on th…
4;4;covalent bonds
Explain the elements of Stanley Miller…
(1) A water mixture is heated in the "sea" flask and then ent…
What was collected in Stanley Miller's…
Samples of the cycling material were collected. He identified…
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Reading Guide
Difference between fermentation and ce…
Formula for catabolic degradation of g…
Hydrogen is held in cell temporarily b…
Coenzyme
O2 is a reactant in cellular respiration but not fermentation…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy (ATP+heat)
NAD+
A nonprotein compound necessary for the functioning of an enz…
Difference between fermentation and ce…
O2 is a reactant in cellular respiration but not fermentation…
Formula for catabolic degradation of g…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy (ATP+heat)
28 terms
AP Biology Chapter 14 Reading Guide
How did using pea plants let Mendel be…
Mendel's four concepts
What is the typical F2 phenotypic ratio?
What is the typical F2 genotypic ratio?
He cross-pollinated by removing immature stamens of a plant a…
Alleles account for variations in inherited characters. For e…
3:1
1:2:1
How did using pea plants let Mendel be…
He cross-pollinated by removing immature stamens of a plant a…
Mendel's four concepts
Alleles account for variations in inherited characters. For e…
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7 Reading Guide
Amphipathic molecule
Davson-Danielli model
Problems with the Davson-Danielli model
Role of cholesterol in membrane
Has a hydrophobic and a hydrophilic region
Sandwich model
Assumption that all membranes of cell are identical and prote…
Restrains phospholipid movement and prevents close packaging…
Amphipathic molecule
Has a hydrophobic and a hydrophilic region
Davson-Danielli model
Sandwich model
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Reading Guide
Location of DNA in eukaryotic cells
Location of DNA in prokaryotic cells
Cell wall
Plasma membrane
nucleus
nucleoid
rigid structure outside plasma membrane
membrane enclosing cytoplasm
Location of DNA in eukaryotic cells
nucleus
Location of DNA in prokaryotic cells
nucleoid
67 terms
AP Biology Chapter 17 Reading Guide
Gene expression
Three ways RNA is different from DNA
Transcription
Translation
The process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins or…
RNA contains ribose instead of deoxyribose, and uracil instea…
synthesis of RNA under direction of DNA; takes place in the n…
synthesis of polypeptides under direction of mRNA; takes plac…
Gene expression
The process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins or…
Three ways RNA is different from DNA
RNA contains ribose instead of deoxyribose, and uracil instea…
19 terms
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 11
Example of local paracrine signaling
Example of local synaptic signaling
How does a hormone qualify as a long-d…
Transduction
numerous cells can simultaneously receive and respond to mole…
an electrical signal along a nerve cell triggers the secretio…
it has to travel to reach target cells in other areas of the…
converts the signal to a form that can bring about a specific…
Example of local paracrine signaling
numerous cells can simultaneously receive and respond to mole…
Example of local synaptic signaling
an electrical signal along a nerve cell triggers the secretio…
33 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Reading Guide
Two main ways of controlling metabolis…
In the case of E.coli regulating trypt…
Operator
Operon
(1) Adjusting the activity of enzymes(2) Adjusting the produc…
Negative because the accumulation of the product prevents the…
A sequence of nucleotides near the start of an operon to whic…
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
Two main ways of controlling metabolis…
(1) Adjusting the activity of enzymes(2) Adjusting the produc…
In the case of E.coli regulating trypt…
Negative because the accumulation of the product prevents the…
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 4
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
organic molecules consisting of only c…
Isotope
Isomer
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
what is a hydrocarbon?
a variation of an element with extra neutrons
compounds that have the same number of atoms of the same elem…
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
organic molecules consisting of only c…
what is a hydrocarbon?
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 3
Unequal distribution of electrons. The…
The slightly positive charge of hydrog…
Cohesion
Adhesion
What is a polar molecule? Why is water considered polar?
Explain hydrogen bonding. How many hydrogen bonds can a singl…
When the hydrogn bonds hold the substance together. HOLDS TOG…
he clinging of one substance to another. HOLDS ON
Unequal distribution of electrons. The…
What is a polar molecule? Why is water considered polar?
The slightly positive charge of hydrog…
Explain hydrogen bonding. How many hydrogen bonds can a singl…
32 terms
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 3
Unequal distribution of electrons. The…
The slightly positive charge of hydrog…
Cohesion
Adhesion
What is a polar molecule? Why is water considered polar?
Explain hydrogen bonding. How many hydrogen bonds can a singl…
When the hydrogn bonds hold the substance together. HOLDS TOG…
he clinging of one substance to another. HOLDS ON
Unequal distribution of electrons. The…
What is a polar molecule? Why is water considered polar?
The slightly positive charge of hydrog…
Explain hydrogen bonding. How many hydrogen bonds can a singl…
68 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Reading Guide
Polymer
Monomer
How are monomers connected?
How are polymers converted to monomers?
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
the repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
By condensation/dehydration reactions, which means two molecu…
By adding a water molecule; hydrolysis
Polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Monomer
the repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
49 terms
AP Biology Chapter 16 Reading Guide
Two chemical components of chromosomes
Why did researches originally think pr…
Virulent vs. nonvirulent strains
What was the purpose of Griffith's stu…
DNA and protein
Nucleic acids seemed too uniform to account for the diversity…
Virulent strains are disease-causing while nonvirulent strain…
He was trying to develop a vaccine against pneumonia.
Two chemical components of chromosomes
DNA and protein
Why did researches originally think pr…
Nucleic acids seemed too uniform to account for the diversity…
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3 Reading Guide
What is a polar molecule?
Why is water considered polar?
Using + and - signs, indicate the char…
Explain hydrogen bonding.
A polar molecule is made up of atoms who share electrons uneq…
Because oxygen is more electronegative than hydrogen, therefo…
The oxygen region of each molecule has a partial negative cha…
When a slightly positive hydrogen atom is attracted to a more…
What is a polar molecule?
A polar molecule is made up of atoms who share electrons uneq…
Why is water considered polar?
Because oxygen is more electronegative than hydrogen, therefo…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8 Reading Guide
Anabolic pathways
Catabolic pathways
Which reactions are considered "uphill"?
What type of reaction is photosynthesis?
Synthesize molecules and require energy
Break down molecules and produce energy
Anabolic
Anabolic
Anabolic pathways
Synthesize molecules and require energy
Catabolic pathways
Break down molecules and produce energy
21 terms
AP Biology Chapter 13 Reading Guide
How many sex chromosomes in human cells?
How many autosomes in human cells?
Sex chromosomes
Karyotypes
2
44
responsible for determining the sex of an individual
when images of chromosomes are arranged in pairs, starting wi…
How many sex chromosomes in human cells?
2
How many autosomes in human cells?
44
Ap Biology Chapter 3 Reading Guide
Hydrocarbons
Polymer
monomer
dehydration reaction
compound of hydrogen and carbon
substance that has a molecular structure consisting partly or…
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules th…
a chemical reaction that involves the loss of a water molecul…
Hydrocarbons
compound of hydrogen and carbon
Polymer
substance that has a molecular structure consisting partly or…
48 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Reading Guide
All genes are not "on" all the time. U…
What are the two main ways of controll…
Promoter
Operator
E. coli live in very fickle environments. If an E. coli in th…
1) regulation of enzyme activity. 2) regulation of enzyme pro…
Region of DNA where RNA polymerase can bind.
It is the "on-off" switch controlling a cluster of functional…
All genes are not "on" all the time. U…
E. coli live in very fickle environments. If an E. coli in th…
What are the two main ways of controll…
1) regulation of enzyme activity. 2) regulation of enzyme pro…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22 Reading Guide
Evolution
Aristotle and Scala Naturae
The Old Testament
Carolus Linnaeus
specific: a change over time in the genetic composition of a…
Viewed species as fixed and unchanged
Species were individually designed by God, and thus perfect
Developed taxonomy, which would classify the diversity of God
Evolution
specific: a change over time in the genetic composition of a…
Aristotle and Scala Naturae
Viewed species as fixed and unchanged
67 terms
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 5
The large molecules of all living thin…
Which of the three main classes are ma…
Macromolecules
polymer
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids
polymers built from monomers
long molecule of identical building blocks linked by covalent…
The large molecules of all living thin…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Which of the three main classes are ma…
carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids
38 terms
AP Biology Chapter 23 Reading Guide
What is microevolution?
What are the three main mechanisms tha…
Which is the only mechanisms that is a…
Discrete characters
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations
Natural selection, genetic drift, and gene flow
Natural selection
classified on an either-or basis. Purple phenotype in pea pla…
What is microevolution?
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations
What are the three main mechanisms tha…
Natural selection, genetic drift, and gene flow
32 terms
AP Biology Unit 3-Reading Guide
What did Avery discover in his experim…
What did Hershey and Chase discover in…
What is Chargraff's ratio?
What is being illustrated in the pictu…
Avery discovered how transformation occurred. That DNA was th…
They discovered that DNA is the genetic material of a phage k…
The number of A bases to T bases and of C bases to G bases.…
-The pairings between the Purines and Pyrimidines.... -It shows…
What did Avery discover in his experim…
Avery discovered how transformation occurred. That DNA was th…
What did Hershey and Chase discover in…
They discovered that DNA is the genetic material of a phage k…
AP Biology Reading Guide Unit 1
The large molecules of all living thin…
Which of the four main classes are mac…
Macromolecules
plymer
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins
a molecule containing a lot of molecules
long molecule of identical building blocks linked by covalent…
The large molecules of all living thin…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Which of the four main classes are mac…
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins
25 terms
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 6
Which two domains consist of prokaryot…
What is the difference of the location…
cell wall
plasma membrane
the two domains that consist of prokaryotic cells are Bacteri…
in a prokaryotic cell their DNA is an unbound region called t…
a rigid structure outside of plasma membrane in plant made up…
selective barrier that allows sufficient passage of oxygen, n…
Which two domains consist of prokaryot…
the two domains that consist of prokaryotic cells are Bacteri…
What is the difference of the location…
in a prokaryotic cell their DNA is an unbound region called t…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 25 Reading Guide
What are some examples of macroevoluti…
How only is the planet? How old is the…
The current theory of the origin of li…
What gases were in the early mix?
photosynthesis, first vertebrates, & mass extinction
4.6 billion years... 3.8 billion years
1. Earth formed about 4.6 billion years ago... 2. Earth was hot…
Water vapor, methane, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and oxygen
What are some examples of macroevoluti…
photosynthesis, first vertebrates, & mass extinction
How only is the planet? How old is the…
4.6 billion years... 3.8 billion years
27 terms
AP Biology Chapter 21 Reading Guide
The Human Genome Project sequenced the…
Craig Venter used an approach to genom…
What is a metagenome? How is metagenom…
Bioinformatics is the application of s…
Linkage mapping: Ordering of genetic markers such as RFLPs, S…
Whole-genome shotgun approach essentially skips the linkage m…
A metagenome is DNA from a group of species. In metagenomics,…
Actual gene sequences can be compared to track diversity betw…
The Human Genome Project sequenced the…
Linkage mapping: Ordering of genetic markers such as RFLPs, S…
Craig Venter used an approach to genom…
Whole-genome shotgun approach essentially skips the linkage m…
AP Biology - Chapter 7 Reading Guide
What is the difference between ferment…
What is the chemical formula for cellu…
What is the difference between oxidati…
When compounds lose energy, they ___ e…
Cellular respiration requires oxygen, fermentation can be und…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 yields 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy (ATP + Heat); gluco…
In oxidation, you lose electrons, in reduction, you gain them.
Release (lose); absorb (gain)
What is the difference between ferment…
Cellular respiration requires oxygen, fermentation can be und…
What is the chemical formula for cellu…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 yields 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy (ATP + Heat); gluco…
21 terms
AP Biology Chapter 24 Reading Guide
What was Darwin's "mystery of mysterie…
Define speciation
Define microevolution
Define macroevolution
Speciation
The process by which 1 species splits into 2 or more species
changes in allelic frequencies over generations
Broad pattern of evolution over long periods of time
What was Darwin's "mystery of mysterie…
Speciation
Define speciation
The process by which 1 species splits into 2 or more species
36 terms
AP Biology Chapter 53 Reading Guide
1. What two pieces of data are needed…
2. What is the difference between dens…
Note and understand what the letters o…
4. Explain the impact of immigration a…
number of individuals per unit area or volume
dispersion: pattern of spacing among individuals within bound…
N=mn/x... N=estimated pop size ... m= number of individuals parked…
immigration: increase density (like births)... emigration: decre…
1. What two pieces of data are needed…
number of individuals per unit area or volume
2. What is the difference between dens…
dispersion: pattern of spacing among individuals within bound…
31 terms
Chapter 11 AP Biology Reading Guide
What is a signal transduction pathway?
How does a yeast mating serve as an ex…
Paracrine signaling
Synaptic signaling
Process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converted to…
Alpha yeast sends alpha signals that A yeast receives. A yeas…
Secreting cells sends regulators to target cells and to all c…
Electrical signals trigger chemical signal. Very specific; af…
What is a signal transduction pathway?
Process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converted to…
How does a yeast mating serve as an ex…
Alpha yeast sends alpha signals that A yeast receives. A yeas…
45 terms
AP Biology Chapter 19 Reading Guide
What was Wendell Stanley's contributio…
What was some early evidence of the ex…
What are the 4 forms of viral genomes?
What is a capsid?
He crystallized the infectious particle of tobacco mosaic vir…
An infectious agent in the sap of tobacco plants. they couldn…
1. Rod shape, helical viruses. Single type of capsid protein…
the protein shell enclosing the viral genome
What was Wendell Stanley's contributio…
He crystallized the infectious particle of tobacco mosaic vir…
What was some early evidence of the ex…
An infectious agent in the sap of tobacco plants. they couldn…
31 terms
Chapter 11 AP Biology Reading Guide
What is a signal transduction pathway?
How does a yeast mating serve as an ex…
Paracrine signaling
Synaptic signaling
Process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converted to…
Alpha yeast sends alpha signals that A yeast receives. A yeas…
Secreting cells sends regulators to target cells and to all c…
Electrical signals trigger chemical signal. Very specific; af…
What is a signal transduction pathway?
Process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converted to…
How does a yeast mating serve as an ex…
Alpha yeast sends alpha signals that A yeast receives. A yeas…
Chapter 11 AP Biology Reading Guide
What is a signal transduction pathway?
How does a yeast mating serve as an ex…
Paracrine signaling
Synaptic signaling
Process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converted to…
Alpha yeast sends alpha signals that A yeast receives. A yeas…
Secreting cells sends regulators to target cells and to all c…
Electrical signals trigger chemical signal. Very specific; af…
What is a signal transduction pathway?
Process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converted to…
How does a yeast mating serve as an ex…
Alpha yeast sends alpha signals that A yeast receives. A yeas…
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