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Study sets matching "ap biology review biochemistry"

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Study sets matching "ap biology review biochemistry"

76 terms
AP Biology-Biochemistry Review
Word Roots: -lysis
proton charge
proton mass in amu.
electron charge
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
+1,
1
-1
Word Roots: -lysis
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
proton charge
+1,
24 terms
Biochemistry Review AP BIOLOGY
Hydrogen Bonds
Cohesion
Adhesion
Meniscus
The type of bond that is used to form water
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
An attraction between molecules of different substances
The curved upper surface of a liquid column that is concave w…
Hydrogen Bonds
The type of bond that is used to form water
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
43 terms
AP Biology Biochemistry Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
57 terms
AP Biology Review--Biochemistry
Atom
element
compound
molecule
smallest unit of an element, building block of life
particle with unique properties, cannot be broken down
2+ elements chemically bonded (ex: H2O)
smallest unit of element/compound
Atom
smallest unit of an element, building block of life
element
particle with unique properties, cannot be broken down
96 terms
Ap biology review - biochemistry
Atom
Ground state of an atom
Excited state of an atom
Isotopes
-building blocks of all matter... -consist of sub-atomic particl…
If all electrons are in the lowest available energy levels
When an atom absorbs energy and it's electrons move to a high…
Atoms of one element that vary only in the number of neutrons…
Atom
-building blocks of all matter... -consist of sub-atomic particl…
Ground state of an atom
If all electrons are in the lowest available energy levels
58 terms
AP Biology Review: Biochemistry
Properties of Water
Transpiration-pull cohesion tension
Surface Tension
Spring Overturn
-High Specific Heat: allows water to resist changes in temper…
Helps water move up tall trees; as one molecule of water is l…
Allows insects to walk on water without breaking the surface
Cycling of nutrients in lakes as the less dense ice melts in…
Properties of Water
-High Specific Heat: allows water to resist changes in temper…
Transpiration-pull cohesion tension
Helps water move up tall trees; as one molecule of water is l…
30 terms
AP Biology Biochemistry Review
Active site
Allosteric site
Amino acid
Amphipathic
Region of an enzyme into which a particular substrate fits in…
A site on an enzyme other than the active site, to which a sp…
Building blocks of protein.
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
Active site
Region of an enzyme into which a particular substrate fits in…
Allosteric site
A site on an enzyme other than the active site, to which a sp…
Biochemistry AP Biology Review
covalent bond
polar covalent bonds
isomers
buffer
share electrons
unequal sharing of electrons
same chemical formula different structure
a solution of a weak acid and its conjugate base that resists…
covalent bond
share electrons
polar covalent bonds
unequal sharing of electrons
137 terms
Basic Biochemistry AP Biology
Catabolic pathways
Word Roots: an-
Word Roots: glyco-
Word Roots: -lysis
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
sweet;
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
Catabolic pathways
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
Word Roots: an-
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
53 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry 2016
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
36 terms
AP BIOLOGY - Biochemistry review
What is a polar molecule, What causes…
Explain how water's polarity results i…
Elements most common in living things
Ionic bonds
A polar molecule is a molecule with an uneven distribution of…
Water's polarity results from hydrogen bonds because the slig…
Carbon... Hydrogen... Nitrogen... Oxygen
oppositely charged ions attract and form a bond
What is a polar molecule, What causes…
A polar molecule is a molecule with an uneven distribution of…
Explain how water's polarity results i…
Water's polarity results from hydrogen bonds because the slig…
27 terms
AP Biology Review - Biochemistry
amino acid
amphipathic
carbohydrate
carbon
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
A sugar (monosaccharide) or one of its dimers (disaccharides)…
...
amino acid
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
amphipathic
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
61 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
26 terms
Biochemistry - AP Biology
Polar Molecule
Hydrophilic
Nonpolar Molecule
Hydrophobic
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Water loving
A symmetrical or balanced molecule with no charge; hydrophobi…
Water fearing
Polar Molecule
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Hydrophilic
Water loving
91 terms
AP Biology Biochemistry notes review
vitalism
mechanism
carbon
hydrocarbons
life force outside physical and chemical laws
all natural phenomena are governed by physical and chemical l…
tetravalence... tetrahedron... shape determines function
-only carbon and hydrogen... -covalent bonding... -nonpolar... -high e…
vitalism
life force outside physical and chemical laws
mechanism
all natural phenomena are governed by physical and chemical l…
49 terms
Biochemistry - AP Biology
Amino Acid
Amino Group
Carbonyl Group
Carboxyl Group (Carboxylic Acid Group)
Amino Acid
Amino Group
95 terms
AP Biology-Unit 1 Biochemistry Review
Catabolic pathways
Word Roots: -lysis
proton charge
proton mass in amu.
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
+1,
1
Catabolic pathways
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
Word Roots: -lysis
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
38 terms
Biochemistry - AP Biology
Amino Acid
Amino Group
Carbonyl Group
Carboxyl Group (Carboxylic Acid Group)
Amino Acid
Amino Group
55 terms
AP BIOLOGY: Biochemistry Review
In which types of bond do atoms transf…
What differentiates saturated and unsa…
What type of structure do all proteins…
What is the pH range of an acid?
Ionic
Unsaturated have double bonds and not as many H; saturated ha…
Primary
0.1 to 6.9 (or 0-7)
In which types of bond do atoms transf…
Ionic
What differentiates saturated and unsa…
Unsaturated have double bonds and not as many H; saturated ha…
26 terms
Biochemistry - AP Biology
Polar Molecule
Hydrophilic
Nonpolar Molecule
Hydrophobic
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Water loving
A symmetrical or balanced molecule with no charge; hydrophobi…
Water fearing
Polar Molecule
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Hydrophilic
Water loving
51 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
41 terms
AP Biology Biochemistry worksheet reviews
explain what would happen if four prot…
explain what would happen if four neut…
what does a monosaccharide look like?
what does an amino acid look like?
the element would become sulfur
it would become an isotope
It is either in a ring by itself or its in a chain
an amino acid has an amine group, R group, lone hydrogen and…
explain what would happen if four prot…
the element would become sulfur
explain what would happen if four neut…
it would become an isotope
52 terms
AP Biology Unit 2: Biochemistry
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
condensation reaction (dehydration rea…
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
A reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to…
macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
13 terms
AP Biology Biochemistry FRQ Review
List 3 properties of water
Describe how condensation and hydrolos…
Draw the basic structure of an amino a…
Distinguish between RNA and DNA in str…
1. Cohesion: is the sticking together of similar molecules. W…
Carbohydrates- ... Monomer:... Polymer:... simple sugars, or monosacch…
...
RNA- comprises a single strand of nucleotides linked together…
List 3 properties of water
1. Cohesion: is the sticking together of similar molecules. W…
Describe how condensation and hydrolos…
Carbohydrates- ... Monomer:... Polymer:... simple sugars, or monosacch…
109 terms
Basic Biochemistry AP Biology
Catabolic pathways
Word Roots: an-
Word Roots: glyco-
Word Roots: -lysis
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
sweet;
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
Catabolic pathways
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
Word Roots: an-
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
41 terms
AP Biology Biochemistry Exam Review
Monomer for carbohydrates
Polymer for carbohydrates
Monomer for proteins
Polymer for proteins
1 carbon ring with bonds of Carbon, Oxygen, and Hydrogen
Multiple carbon rings bonded by a Carbon and Oxygen
Amino acids
The chain of molecules before it is folded up into a protein
Monomer for carbohydrates
1 carbon ring with bonds of Carbon, Oxygen, and Hydrogen
Polymer for carbohydrates
Multiple carbon rings bonded by a Carbon and Oxygen
73 terms
Basic Biochemistry AP Biology
proton charge
electron charge
neutron charge
proton location
+1,
-1
0
nucleus
proton charge
+1,
electron charge
-1
17 terms
Biochemistry 1 - AP Biology
Polar Molecule
Hydrophilic
Nonpolar Molecule
Hydrophobic
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Water loving
A symmetrical or balanced molecule with no charge; hydrophobi…
Water fearing
Polar Molecule
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Hydrophilic
Water loving
29 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry
Polar molecule
Nonpolar molecule
Intermolecular attractions
Properties of Water
Asymmetrical molecule- a dipole... Hydrophilic
Symmetrical or balanced molecule... Hydrophobic
Attractions between molecules... Ex: hydrogen bonds
-less dense as a solid... -strong H2 attractions between molecul…
Polar molecule
Asymmetrical molecule- a dipole... Hydrophilic
Nonpolar molecule
Symmetrical or balanced molecule... Hydrophobic
53 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
51 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry 2016
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
21 terms
AP Biology Biochemistry
Polar
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Monosaccharide
A molecule where one part is positively charged and another i…
Molecules that are polar and can dissolve in water or associa…
Molecules that are nonpolar and do not dissolve in water or a…
The smallest carbohydrates; sugars
Polar
A molecule where one part is positively charged and another i…
Hydrophilic
Molecules that are polar and can dissolve in water or associa…
27 terms
AP Biology Review Vocabulary (Biochemistry)
Amino Acid
Amphipathic
Carbohydrate
Carbon
Building blocks of protein
Molecules are said to be this when it has regions that are bo…
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
a heavy odorless colorless gas formed during respiration and…
Amino Acid
Building blocks of protein
Amphipathic
Molecules are said to be this when it has regions that are bo…
61 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
53 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry 2016
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
58 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
83 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
103 terms
AP BIO BIOCHEMISTRY REVIEW, hhhh, AP Biology- Biochemistry
anion
cation
nonpolar bond
polar bond
a negative ion
a positive ion
electrons are shared equally
electrons are shared unequally
anion
a negative ion
cation
a positive ion
26 terms
AP Biology - Biochemistry #1
polar covalent bond
polar
cohesion
adhesion
a strong bond present between the oxygen and hydrogen within…
a molecule that has an uneven distribution of electrons, so t…
a result of hydrogen bonding, water molecules are attracted t…
a result of hydrogen bonds and van der waals forces, water is…
polar covalent bond
a strong bond present between the oxygen and hydrogen within…
polar
a molecule that has an uneven distribution of electrons, so t…
30 terms
AP Biology Exam Review: Concept 1 - Biochemistry
active site
allosteric site
amino acid
amphipathic
the location on an enzyme where substrates bind
the location on an enzyme where a chemical that is not a subs…
the monomer of proteins; made of CHNO and sometimes S; contai…
a molecule that has both polar and nonpolar parts
active site
the location on an enzyme where substrates bind
allosteric site
the location on an enzyme where a chemical that is not a subs…
38 terms
AP Biology Final Review: Biochemistry
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
Polar Covalent Bond
Non-polar Covalent Bond
The transfer of electrons from one atom to another.
The sharing of electrons between two atoms.
Unequal sharing of electrons.
Equal sharing of electrons.
Ionic Bond
The transfer of electrons from one atom to another.
Covalent Bond
The sharing of electrons between two atoms.
113 terms
AP Biochemistry Review
emergent properties
four main elements necessary for life
trace elements necessary for life
atomic number
properties that a substance or compound has that its elements…
oxygen (O), carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and hydrogen (H)
iron (Fe), iodine (I), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), chlorine…
number of protons in an element
emergent properties
properties that a substance or compound has that its elements…
four main elements necessary for life
oxygen (O), carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and hydrogen (H)
16 terms
AP Biology: Biochemistry/Macromolecules
Describe the structure of a triglyceri…
Difference between saturated and unsta…
Describe the structure of steroids.
Describe the structure of phospholipids.
Triglycerides are a type of lipid composed of 1 glycerol and…
Saturated = completely surrounded by hydrogens; composed only…
Composed of a carbon skeleton with 4 fused rings
1 glycerol + 2 fatty acids + 1 phosphate group... -Similar to t…
Describe the structure of a triglyceri…
Triglycerides are a type of lipid composed of 1 glycerol and…
Difference between saturated and unsta…
Saturated = completely surrounded by hydrogens; composed only…
51 terms
AP Exam Review - Biochemistry: AP Biology
The 3 subatomic particles in an atom
Ground State
Excited State
Isotopes
Protons (+) ... Neutrons (0)... Electrons (-)
Electrons having the lowest amount of energy in an atom
Electrons having the highest amount of energy in an atom
Atoms of one element that vary only in number of neutrons in…
The 3 subatomic particles in an atom
Protons (+) ... Neutrons (0)... Electrons (-)
Ground State
Electrons having the lowest amount of energy in an atom
28 terms
AP Biology Biochemistry Unit 2 - 2015
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide / carbohydrate
fatty acid
What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?
What are these molecules?
What molecules are these?
monosaccharide
What is this molecule?
disaccharide
What is this molecule?
27 terms
Biology Biochemistry Review
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide / carbohydrate
fatty acid
What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?
What are these molecules?
What molecules are these?
monosaccharide
What is this molecule?
disaccharide
What is this molecule?
22 terms
AP Biology || Biochemistry
What are amino acids?
What is NH3?
What does -N-C-C- makeup?
What are peptide bonds?
Building blocks of proteins. They are defined by the backbone…
The amine group. It can be used to identify a protein.
It's in the center of a molecule and it's the backbone to an…
The bonds that link the backbones of amino acids.
What are amino acids?
Building blocks of proteins. They are defined by the backbone…
What is NH3?
The amine group. It can be used to identify a protein.
AP Biology-Unit 1 Biochemistry Review
Catabolic pathways
Word Roots: -lysis
proton charge
proton mass in amu.
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
+1,
1
Catabolic pathways
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
Word Roots: -lysis
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
29 terms
The Biochemistry of Life (AP Biology)
amino acid
amphipathic
carbohydrate
carbon
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
Having both a hydrophilic region and hydrophobic region.
A sugar (monosaccharide) or one of it's dimmers (disaccharide…
A chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
amino acid
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
amphipathic
Having both a hydrophilic region and hydrophobic region.
38 terms
BRVGS AP Biology - Unit 3 - Biochemistry
polarity
hydroxyl group
amino group
phosphate group
Molecules having uneven distribution of charges
A functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom joined to an…
A functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to…
A functional group consisting of a phosphorus atom covalently…
polarity
Molecules having uneven distribution of charges
hydroxyl group
A functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom joined to an…
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