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Study sets matching "ap biology review"

771 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
148 terms
AP Biology Review
Dehydration
Hydrolysis
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
connecting monomers together by the removal of water
disassembling polymers by the addition of water
glucose + glucose = maltose / glucose + fructose = sucrose /…
Plants: starch (energy) and cellulose (structure)... Animals: gl…
Dehydration
connecting monomers together by the removal of water
Hydrolysis
disassembling polymers by the addition of water
130 terms
AP Biology - Ecology Review
ecology
population
community
ecosystem
study of the distribution and abundance of organisms and thei…
group of individuals of the same species living in the same a…
group of populations of different species living in the same…
interrelationships between organisms in a community and their…
ecology
study of the distribution and abundance of organisms and thei…
population
group of individuals of the same species living in the same a…
53 terms
AP Biology - Chemistry Review
matter
element
atom
saturated
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Fat with the maximum number of hydrogens in one or more of it…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
76 terms
AP Biology-Biochemistry Review
Word Roots: -lysis
proton charge
proton mass in amu.
electron charge
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
+1,
1
-1
Word Roots: -lysis
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
proton charge
+1,
23 terms
AP Biology - basic chemistry Review
hydrogen bond
matter
compound
element
slight attraction between Hydrogen of one atom and N, F, or O…
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance consisting of two or more elements
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
hydrogen bond
slight attraction between Hydrogen of one atom and N, F, or O…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
702 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
218 terms
AP Biology Test Review
Essential elements
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Electronegativity
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
# of Protons and Neutrons
# of Protons (= # of electrons)
attraction of an atom for the electrons of a covalent bond, m…
Essential elements
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Atomic Mass
# of Protons and Neutrons
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
222 terms
AP Biology Review
What are the essential elements?
Atomic mass
Atomic number
Electronegativity
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
# of protons and neutrons
# of protons (which equals the # of electrons)
attraction of an atom for the electrons of a covalent bond, m…
What are the essential elements?
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Atomic mass
# of protons and neutrons
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
737 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Does not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Does not mix with water.
44 terms
AP Biology Final Exam Review
common ancestor
biological species concept
ecological species concept
morphological species concept
According to Darwin's theory of evolution: The shared ancesto…
a species concept defining a species as a population or group…
concept that defines a species according to its ecological ni…
A definition of species in terms of measurable anatomical cri…
common ancestor
According to Darwin's theory of evolution: The shared ancesto…
biological species concept
a species concept defining a species as a population or group…
1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
53 terms
AP Biology - Chemistry Review
matter
element
atom
saturated
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Fat with the maximum number of hydrogens in one or more of it…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
24 terms
Biochemistry Review AP BIOLOGY
Hydrogen Bonds
Cohesion
Adhesion
Meniscus
The type of bond that is used to form water
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
An attraction between molecules of different substances
The curved upper surface of a liquid column that is concave w…
Hydrogen Bonds
The type of bond that is used to form water
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
69 terms
AP Biology Metabolism review
metabolism
catabolic
anabolic
energy
totality of an organism's chemical processes, managing the ma…
degradable process... releases energy... exergonic... -change in G... ex.…
building process... consumes energy... endergonic ... + change in G... ex…
E... capacity to do work
metabolism
totality of an organism's chemical processes, managing the ma…
catabolic
degradable process... releases energy... exergonic... -change in G... ex.…
37 terms
AP Biology - Photosynthesis Review
photosynthesis
chloroplast
stroma
thylakoid membrane system
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
An organelle found in plants and photosynthetic protists that…
Fluid within a chloroplast that contains enzymes involved in…
...
photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
chloroplast
An organelle found in plants and photosynthetic protists that…
56 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
58 terms
Pre-AP Biology Review
Theory
Evolution
Artificial Selection
Survival of the fittest
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
change in a species over time
process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for c…
evolutionary theory as a way of describing the mechanism of n…
Theory
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
Evolution
change in a species over time
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
70 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
126 terms
AP Biology Review
What are the essential elements?
Atomic mass
Atomic number
Electronegativity
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
# of protons and neutrons
# of protons (which equals the # of electrons)
attraction of an atom for the electrons of a covalent bond, m…
What are the essential elements?
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Atomic mass
# of protons and neutrons
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
36 terms
AP BIOLOGY REVIEW
Organization levels
cell
eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
biosphere, ecosystem, community, population, organism, organ…
the lowest level of organization that can perform all activit…
have a DNA-containing nucleus an other membrane enclosed orga…
lack organelles
Organization levels
biosphere, ecosystem, community, population, organism, organ…
cell
the lowest level of organization that can perform all activit…
56 terms
AP Biology Review
divergent evolution
convergent evolution
population
species
organisms branch out (become more different from one another)
organisms evolve to be more similar, like one another
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
group of populations that can interbreed and have fertile off…
divergent evolution
organisms branch out (become more different from one another)
convergent evolution
organisms evolve to be more similar, like one another
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,011 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
39 terms
AP Biology Ecology Test Review
trophic level
primary producer
10% rule
predation
position in a food chain
autotrophs, trophic level of an ecosystem that ultimately sup…
10% of the energy from one trophic level is available for the…
community interaction where one species kills and eats the ot…
trophic level
position in a food chain
primary producer
autotrophs, trophic level of an ecosystem that ultimately sup…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,011 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
44 terms
AP Biology Review
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids
Nucleic Acid
Energy storage, structure (sugars, starch, cellulose, etc)
Structure, transport, defense, enzymes (amino acids, peptide…
Energy storage, structure, hormones (triglyceride)
Information storage (nucleotides, DNA, RNA)
Carbohydrates
Energy storage, structure (sugars, starch, cellulose, etc)
Proteins
Structure, transport, defense, enzymes (amino acids, peptide…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
867 terms
AP Biology Test Review
Osteichthyes
operculum
coelocanths, lungfish, tetrapods
tetrapods
What class includes bony fish?
Osteichthyes breath by drawing water over an _.
What are the three lineages of lobe-finned fish?
What are gnathostomes with four limbs?
Osteichthyes
What class includes bony fish?
operculum
Osteichthyes breath by drawing water over an _.
38 terms
AP Biology REVIEW
Artificial Selection
Common Ancestry (idea/principle)
Neodarwinism
Evolution
the human manipulation of natural selection to make it faster…
If species and populations evolve from other species to adapt…
refers to the modern theory of evolution in genetic terms
change in genetic characteristics in a population over time
Artificial Selection
the human manipulation of natural selection to make it faster…
Common Ancestry (idea/principle)
If species and populations evolve from other species to adapt…
222 terms
AP Biology Review
What are the essential elements?
Atomic mass
Atomic number
Electronegativity
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
# of protons and neutrons
# of protons (which equals the # of electrons)
attraction of an atom for the electrons of a covalent bond, m…
What are the essential elements?
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Atomic mass
# of protons and neutrons
43 terms
AP Biology Biochemistry Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
818 terms
BIOLOGY AP TEST REVIEW
adaptations
natural selection
artificial selection
populations
inherited characteristics of organisms that enhance their sur…
a process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
process where humans have modified other species over many ge…
Individuals do not involve; rather, ______ do.
adaptations
inherited characteristics of organisms that enhance their sur…
natural selection
a process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
71 terms
AP Biology Midterm Review
5 Most Important Elements in the Body
Blood pH... Body Temp.
4 Properties of Water
5 Organic Functional Groups
Oxygen- 65%... Carbon-19.5%... Hydrogen- 9.5%... Nitrogen- 3.5%... Calciu…
7.4... 37 °C
1) Universal Solvent- life-sustaining chemical reactions can…
Hydroxyl (OH)... Carboxyl (COOH)... Amino (NH²)... Sulfhydryl (SH)... Pho…
5 Most Important Elements in the Body
Oxygen- 65%... Carbon-19.5%... Hydrogen- 9.5%... Nitrogen- 3.5%... Calciu…
Blood pH... Body Temp.
7.4... 37 °C
1,013 terms
AP Biology Terms Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
357 terms
AP Biology EXAM Review
Miescher
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
Sugar (deoxyribose), phosphate, and ni…
Bacteriophages
Found the chemical "nuclein", or nucleic acid, from red blood…
What are the four nucleotides?
What does DNA consist of?
Viruses which contain DNA and a little protein.
Miescher
Found the chemical "nuclein", or nucleic acid, from red blood…
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
What are the four nucleotides?
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