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Study sets matching "ap biology tour cells"

45 terms
AP Biology - A Tour of the Cell
Magnification
Resolving Power
Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)
makes cells large enough to be seen
Makes image clear
3-D looking and colored artificially; kills cells
looks more like a sketch; profiles thin sections; kills cells
Magnification
makes cells large enough to be seen
Resolving Power
Makes image clear
94 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Tour of the Cell
Typical size of a eukaryotic cell
Typical size of prokaryotic cell
3 principles in of cell theory
Why are cells so small
10-100 micrometer in diameter
1-10 micrometer in diameter
1. All organisms are made up of one or more cells and the lif…
Because if a cell becomes too big, it would be nearly impossi…
Typical size of a eukaryotic cell
10-100 micrometer in diameter
Typical size of prokaryotic cell
1-10 micrometer in diameter
31 terms
AP Biology Tour of the Cell
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Plasma membrane
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Basteria and archaea
Protists, fungi, plants, and animals
Forms a boundary between a living cells and its surroundings…
Cell Theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Prokaryotic Cells
Basteria and archaea
45 terms
AP Biology - A Tour of the Cell
Magnification
Resolving Power
Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)
makes cells large enough to be seen
Makes image clear
3-D looking and colored artificially; kills cells
looks more like a sketch; profiles thin sections; kills cells
Magnification
makes cells large enough to be seen
Resolving Power
Makes image clear
56 terms
AP Biology: A Tour of the Cell
basic features of all cells include
defining characteristics of prokaryoti…
define nucleoid in prokaryotic cell
define pili in prokaryotic cell
- plasma membrane... - cytoplasm... - chromosomes... - ribosomes
- no membrane bound nucleus... - DNA located in an area called n…
area where DNA is found in prokaryotic cells
used for attachment, conjunction on bacteria cells
basic features of all cells include
- plasma membrane... - cytoplasm... - chromosomes... - ribosomes
defining characteristics of prokaryoti…
- no membrane bound nucleus... - DNA located in an area called n…
47 terms
AP biology chapter 4- a tour of the cell
cells
cell, descent from other cells, 1-100 µm
microscope, light microscope, refracts…
magnification, resolution, contrast
all organisms are made up of _________
a _________ is the simplest collection of matter that can be…
scientists use _________ to visualize cells too small to see.…
the 3 important parameters of microscopy:... 1. _________- the r…
cells
all organisms are made up of _________
cell, descent from other cells, 1-100 µm
a _________ is the simplest collection of matter that can be…
143 terms
(AP Biology) Chapter 6: A tour of the cell
The 4 fundamental units of life are:
Biologists use __________ and the tool…
_______ are usually too small to be se…
In a _______________, visible light is…
All organisms are made of cells, The cell is the simplest col…
microscopes; biochemistry
Cells
light microscope
The 4 fundamental units of life are:
All organisms are made of cells, The cell is the simplest col…
Biologists use __________ and the tool…
microscopes; biochemistry
75 terms
AP Biology- A Tour of the Cell
Light Microscope (LM)
Organelles
Electron Microscope (EM)
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
a microscope that uses magnets to focus an electron beam on o…
a microscope that uses an electron beam to scan the surface o…
Light Microscope (LM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
Organelles
any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
45 terms
AP Biology - A Tour of the Cell
Magnification
Resolving Power
Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)
makes cells large enough to be seen
Makes image clear
3-D looking and colored artificially; kills cells
looks more like a sketch; profiles thin sections; kills cells
Magnification
makes cells large enough to be seen
Resolving Power
Makes image clear
16 terms
AP Biology Tour of the Cell Vocabulary
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic
Chloroplast
Cytoskeleton
...
...
Photosynthetic organelle; converts energy of sunlight to chem…
Reinforces cell's shape; functions in cell movement; componen…
Prokaryotic Cell
...
Eukaryotic
...
38 terms
AP Biology A Tour of the Cell
Scanning electron microscope
Transmission electron microscope
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
•Focus a beam of electrons onto specimen... •good for 3D images
•Focus a beam of electrons onto specimen... •used to study inter…
•Have no nucleus... •DNA in nucleoid ... •No membrane bound organel…
•DNA in nucleus, bound by nuclear envelope... •Membrane bound or…
Scanning electron microscope
•Focus a beam of electrons onto specimen... •good for 3D images
Transmission electron microscope
•Focus a beam of electrons onto specimen... •used to study inter…
29 terms
AP Biology- A Tour of the Cell
Light Microscope (LM)
Organelles
Electron Microscope (EM)
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
a microscope that uses magnets to focus an electron beam on o…
a microscope that uses an electron beam to scan the surface o…
Light Microscope (LM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
Organelles
any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
143 terms
(AP Biology) Chapter 6: A tour of the cell
The 4 fundamental units of life are:
Biologists use __________ and the tool…
_______ are usually too small to be se…
In a _______________, visible light is…
All organisms are made of cells, The cell is the simplest col…
microscopes; biochemistry
Cells
light microscope
The 4 fundamental units of life are:
All organisms are made of cells, The cell is the simplest col…
Biologists use __________ and the tool…
microscopes; biochemistry
73 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 A Tour of the Cell
actin
basal body
cell fractionation
cell wall
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
Process of taking cells apart, separating the major organelle…
outer layer that maintains cell's shape and protects cell fro…
actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
basal body
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
104 terms
AP BIOLOGY: A TOUR OF THE CELL
What is a light microscope/how does it…
What are the parameters of light micro…
What is magnification? Resolution?
What is cell ultrastructure?
A light microscope is a instrument used to see the smallest u…
They cannot see anything smaller than what can be detected by…
Magnification is the comparison of the object's image size to…
Cell ultrastructure is the term scientists use to describe th…
What is a light microscope/how does it…
A light microscope is a instrument used to see the smallest u…
What are the parameters of light micro…
They cannot see anything smaller than what can be detected by…
69 terms
AP Biology: A Tour of the Cell
What is a light microscope?
What are organelles?
What is an electron microscope?
What is a scanning electron microscope?
...
...
...
...
What is a light microscope?
...
What are organelles?
...
73 terms
AP Biology: A Tour of the Cell [chapter 4]
Light microscope
Organelles
Electron Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
The membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells.
2 types, SEM and TEM.
Used to study the internal structure of cells. This microscop…
Light microscope
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Organelles
The membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells.
75 terms
AP Biology- A Tour of the Cell
Light Microscope (LM)
Organelles
Electron Microscope (EM)
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
a microscope that uses magnets to focus an electron beam on o…
a microscope that uses an electron beam to scan the surface o…
Light Microscope (LM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
Organelles
any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
22 terms
AP Biology "Tour of a Cell"
cell junctions
anchoring junction
tight junction
gap junction
a structure that connects cells within a tissue to one anothe…
attatches adjacent cells to each other or to the extracellula…
a type of intercellular junction in animal cells that prevent…
a type of intercellular junction in animal cells that allows…
cell junctions
a structure that connects cells within a tissue to one anothe…
anchoring junction
attatches adjacent cells to each other or to the extracellula…
29 terms
AP Biology- A Tour of the Cell
Light Microscope (LM)
Organelles
Electron Microscope (EM)
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
a microscope that uses magnets to focus an electron beam on o…
a microscope that uses an electron beam to scan the surface o…
Light Microscope (LM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
Organelles
any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
53 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
Visible light passes through specimen and then through glass…
Focuses a beam of electrons through specimen or onto its surf…
Especially useful for detailed study of surface of specimen
Used mainly to study internal ultra structure of cells
Light Microscope
Visible light passes through specimen and then through glass…
Electron Microscope
Focuses a beam of electrons through specimen or onto its surf…
87 terms
AP Biology Ch 06: A Tour of the Cell
light microscope
magnification
resolution
contrast
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
a measure of the clarity of an image; the minimum distance tw…
this accentuates differences in parts of a sample being viewe…
light microscope
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
magnification
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
73 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 6- A Tour of the Cell
Actin
Basal body
Cell Fractionation
Cell wall
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
Process of taking cells apart, separating the major organelle…
outer layer that maintains cell's shape and protects cell fro…
Actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
Basal body
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
41 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 (A Tour Of The Cell)
Light microscope
Magnification, resolution, contrast
Organelles
Electron Microscope
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
3 parameters in microscopy
membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
focuses a beam of electrons through a specimen or onto its su…
Light microscope
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Magnification, resolution, contrast
3 parameters in microscopy
19 terms
AP Biology: A Tour of the Cell
3 parameters of microscopy?
light microscope (LM). How does it work?
electron Microscope (EM). How does it…
organelles
1. Magnification... 2. Resolution... 3. Contrast
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Focuses a beam of electrons through a specimen or onto it's s…
the membrane enclosed structure with eukaryotic cells
3 parameters of microscopy?
1. Magnification... 2. Resolution... 3. Contrast
light microscope (LM). How does it work?
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
72 terms
AP Biology: A Tour of the Cell
when biologists wish to study the inte…
the advantage of light microscopy over…
a primary objective of cell fractionat…
in the fractionation of homogenized ce…
c
c
d
b
when biologists wish to study the inte…
c
the advantage of light microscopy over…
c
30 terms
AP Biology - Ch 4 - A Tour of the Cell
In a ___ ___, visible light is passed…
___ is the ratio of an object's image…
The membrane-enclosed structures withi…
Rather than using light, an ___ ___ fo…
Light Microscope (LM)
Magnification
Organelles
Electron Microscope (EM)
In a ___ ___, visible light is passed…
Light Microscope (LM)
___ is the ratio of an object's image…
Magnification
58 terms
AP Biology: A Tour of the Cell [chapter 4]
Light microscope
Organelles
Electron Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
The membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells.
2 types, SEM and TEM.
Used to study the internal structure of cells. This microscop…
Light microscope
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Organelles
The membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells.
25 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Plasma membrane
Ribosomes
Golgi apparatus
Lysosome
Forms the boundary for a cell; it is selectively permeable an…
Nonmembranous organelles that make proteins; free in cytoplas…
Active in synthesis, modification, sorting, and secretion of…
Digestive organelle where macromolecules are hydrolyzed
Plasma membrane
Forms the boundary for a cell; it is selectively permeable an…
Ribosomes
Nonmembranous organelles that make proteins; free in cytoplas…
80 terms
AP Biology Ch 4: A Tour of the Cell
light microscope
magnification
resolution
contrast
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
a measure of the clarity of an image; the minimum distance tw…
this accentuates differences in parts of a sample being viewe…
light microscope
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
magnification
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
5 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 6: A tour of the cell
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Bacteria
Bacteria anatomy
Unicellular, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles,
Can be uni or multicellular, nucleus, membrane-bound organelles
Unicellular, prokaryotic, cell wall, may have capsule
Prokaryotes
Unicellular, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles,
Eukaryotes
Can be uni or multicellular, nucleus, membrane-bound organelles
47 terms
AP biology chapter 4- a tour of the cell
cells
cell, descent from other cells, 1-100 µm
microscope, light microscope, refracts…
magnification, resolution, contrast
all organisms are made up of _________
a _________ is the simplest collection of matter that can be…
scientists use _________ to visualize cells too small to see.…
the 3 important parameters of microscopy:... 1. _________- the r…
cells
all organisms are made up of _________
cell, descent from other cells, 1-100 µm
a _________ is the simplest collection of matter that can be…
24 terms
AP Biology - A Tour of the Cell Vocab
Cell Wall
Plasma Membrane
Bacterial Chromosome
Nucleoid
Rigid structure outside the plasma membrane; protects the cel…
Membrane enclosing the cytoplasm
DNA in a prokaryotic cell
Region where the cell's DNA is located in a prokaryotic cell
Cell Wall
Rigid structure outside the plasma membrane; protects the cel…
Plasma Membrane
Membrane enclosing the cytoplasm
143 terms
(AP Biology) Chapter 6: A tour of the cell
The 4 fundamental units of life are:
Biologists use __________ and the tool…
_______ are usually too small to be se…
In a _______________, visible light is…
All organisms are made of cells, The cell is the simplest col…
microscopes; biochemistry
Cells
light microscope
The 4 fundamental units of life are:
All organisms are made of cells, The cell is the simplest col…
Biologists use __________ and the tool…
microscopes; biochemistry
7 terms
AP Biology: A Tour of the Cell - Prokaryotic Cell
fimbriae
nucleoid
ribosomes
plasma membrane
attachment structures on the surface of some prokaryotes
region where the cell's dan is located (not enclosed by membr…
complexes that synthesize proteins
membrane enclosing the cytoplasm
fimbriae
attachment structures on the surface of some prokaryotes
nucleoid
region where the cell's dan is located (not enclosed by membr…
32 terms
AP Biology Unit 2 "Tour Of The Cell"
cytosol
Eukaryotic
Prokaryotic
nucleoid
jelly-like substance, sub cellular components are suspended
A cell with a well-defined nucleus surrounded by a nuclear en…
unicellular organism that doesn't have a nucleus or membrane…
Nuclear region in prokaryotes
cytosol
jelly-like substance, sub cellular components are suspended
Eukaryotic
A cell with a well-defined nucleus surrounded by a nuclear en…
26 terms
AP Biology 06 - A Tour of The Cell
Actin
Basal Body
Cortex
Dynein
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of a "9 + 0" arrangeme…
(1) The outer region of cytoplasm in a eukaryotic cell, lying…
In cilia and flagella, a large motor protein extending from o…
Actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
Basal Body
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of a "9 + 0" arrangeme…
32 terms
Ap biology-a tour through the cells
Brightfield
Brightfield (stained specimen)
Phase-contract
Differential- interference-contrast
Light passes directly through the specimen ,unless naturally…
Staining with various dyes enhances contrast most need cells…
...variations in density within the specimen that are increas…
Optical modifications are used to exaggerate differences in d…
Brightfield
Light passes directly through the specimen ,unless naturally…
Brightfield (stained specimen)
Staining with various dyes enhances contrast most need cells…
17 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 - A Tour of the Cell
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
cytoplasm
plasma membrane
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
prokaryotic cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
eukaryotic cell
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
72 terms
AP biology chapter 6: a tour of the cell
cell
light microscope
magnification
resolution
the smallest collection of matter that can be alive
visible light is passed through a specimen and then through g…
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
a measure of the clarity of an image, or the minimum distance…
cell
the smallest collection of matter that can be alive
light microscope
visible light is passed through a specimen and then through g…
32 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 6 - A Tour of the Cell
Cell Wall
Central vacuole
Chloroplast
Plasmodesma
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in the cel…
In a mature plant cell, a large membranous sac with diverse r…
An organelle found plants and photosynthetic protists that ab…
An open channel through the cell wall that connects the cytop…
Cell Wall
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in the cel…
Central vacuole
In a mature plant cell, a large membranous sac with diverse r…
AP BIOLOGY Chapter 4 - A Tour of the Cell
Light Microscope (LM)
Cell Theory
Electron Microscope (EM)
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
the theory that all living things are composed of cells and t…
a instrument that focuses an electron beam through, or onto t…
a microscope that uses an electron beam to study the surface…
Light Microscope (LM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
Cell Theory
the theory that all living things are composed of cells and t…
34 terms
AP BIOLOGY: Ch.06, A Tour of the Cell
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
transmission electron microscope
cell fractionation
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen, useful for…
focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen, used to stu…
a useful technique for studying cell structure and function;…
light microscopy
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
scanning electron microscopy
focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen, useful for…
51 terms
Chapter 4 (A Tour of the Cell) *AP* Biology
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
Cellular Metabolism
Central Vacuole
The theory that all living things are composed of cells and t…
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
The chemical activities of cells
A membrane-enclosed sac occupying most of the interior of a m…
Cell Theory
The theory that all living things are composed of cells and t…
Cell Wall
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
71 terms
AP Biology -- Chapter Six (A Tour of the Cell)
Cells
Simplest, matter
Organelle
Cell fractionation
All organisms are made up of _____
The cell is the ________ collection of ______ that can be ali…
Membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
A useful technique for studying cell structure and function w…
Cells
All organisms are made up of _____
Simplest, matter
The cell is the ________ collection of ______ that can be ali…
69 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Actin
Basal Body
Cell Fractionation
Cell Wall
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
The disruption of a cell and separation of its parts by centr…
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in the cel…
Actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
Basal Body
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
89 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 4 A Tour of the Cell
Light Microscope (LM)
Magnification
Resolution
Contrast
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
a measure of the clarity of the image; it is the minimum dist…
the difference in brightness between the light and dark areas…
Light Microscope (LM)
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Magnification
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
47 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6: Tour of the Cell
Difference between magnification and r…
Two Domains of Prokaryotic Cells
Pro-vs.-Eukaryotic Cells
Cell Wall
Magnification: ration of object's image to its real size... Reso…
a) Bacteria... b) Archaea
Eukaryotic Cell: DNA stored in nucleus... Prokaryotic: DNA store…
rigid structure, outside the plasma membrane (PLANT CELLS ONL…
Difference between magnification and r…
Magnification: ration of object's image to its real size... Reso…
Two Domains of Prokaryotic Cells
a) Bacteria... b) Archaea
71 terms
AP Biology -- Chapter Six (A Tour of the Cell)
Cells
Simplest, matter
Organelle
Cell fractionation
All organisms are made up of _____
The cell is the ________ collection of ______ that can be ali…
Membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
A useful technique for studying cell structure and function w…
Cells
All organisms are made up of _____
Simplest, matter
The cell is the ________ collection of ______ that can be ali…
AP Biology Chapter 6 - Tour of the Cell
Prokaryotic Cells
Eurkaryotic Cells
Plasma Membrane
Nuclear Envelope
membrane, cytosol, ribosomes, no nucleus, small, no internal…
membrane, cytosol, ribosomes, nucleus, large, nternal membranes
forms boundary for the cell; selectively permeable; phosophol…
double membrane encloses the nucleus; nucleus has most of cel…
Prokaryotic Cells
membrane, cytosol, ribosomes, no nucleus, small, no internal…
Eurkaryotic Cells
membrane, cytosol, ribosomes, nucleus, large, nternal membranes
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