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Study sets matching "ap biology vocab"

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Study sets matching "ap biology vocab"

771 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
702 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
19 terms
AP Biology: Behavioral Biology Vocabulary
Ethology
Fixed action pattern (FAP)
Sign stimulus
Learning
the study of animal behavior in natural conditions.
a sequence of behavioral acts that is especially unchangeable…
a FAP that is triggered by an external sensory stimulus.
the modification of behavior (behavioral change) resulting fr…
Ethology
the study of animal behavior in natural conditions.
Fixed action pattern (FAP)
a sequence of behavioral acts that is especially unchangeable…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
737 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Does not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Does not mix with water.
23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
90 terms
AP Biology Macromolecules and Enzymes vocabulary
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
enzyme
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecule
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
56 terms
AP Biology Genetics Vocabulary
crossing over
independent assortment
segregation
random fertilization
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
One of Mendel's principles that states that genes for differe…
(genetics) the separation of paired alleles during meiosis so…
source of genetic variation caused by the unlimited number of…
crossing over
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
independent assortment
One of Mendel's principles that states that genes for differe…
25 terms
AP Biology Evolution Vocabulary
Adaptation
Mutation
Speciation
Species
Characteristics passed down to an organism over generations t…
Change in the nucleotide sequence of an organisms DNA (or RNA…
Evolutionary process where a species splits into multiple spe…
Members of the same population that are able to interbreed an…
Adaptation
Characteristics passed down to an organism over generations t…
Mutation
Change in the nucleotide sequence of an organisms DNA (or RNA…
94 terms
AP Biology Macromolecules and Enzymes vocabulary
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
enzyme
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecule
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
56 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
59 terms
AP Biology - Evolution vocabulary
gene pool
evolution
natural selection
genetic drift
all of the alleles in a population
change in the genetic makeup of a population over time
process by which organisms that are better adapted to their e…
change in the frequency of traits in a population due to rand…
gene pool
all of the alleles in a population
evolution
change in the genetic makeup of a population over time
35 terms
AP Biology Evolution Vocabulary
Adaptation
Mutation
Speciation
Species
Characteristics passed down to an organism over generations t…
Change in the nucleotide sequence of an organisms DNA (or RNA…
Evolutionary process where a species splits into multiple spe…
Members of the same population that are able to interbreed an…
Adaptation
Characteristics passed down to an organism over generations t…
Mutation
Change in the nucleotide sequence of an organisms DNA (or RNA…
70 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
37 terms
Evolution AP Biology Vocabulary Part 2
speciation
biological species concept
reproductive isolation
prezygotic barriers
Origin of new species and the source of biological diversity.
Species is a group of populations whose members have the pote…
Barriers that impede members of two different species fro pro…
Barriers that impede mating or hinder fertilization.
speciation
Origin of new species and the source of biological diversity.
biological species concept
Species is a group of populations whose members have the pote…
31 terms
Evolution AP Biology Vocabulary Part 1
natural selection
evolutionary adaptation
artificial selection
decent with modification
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
Humans modifying species for desired traits through selective…
Darwin's way of referring to evolution.
natural selection
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
evolutionary adaptation
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
AP Biology Speciation Vocabulary
speciation
morphological species concept
cryptic species
reproductive isolation
the process that splits among lineages in the tree of life/th…
a construct that assumes a species comprises individuals that…
a situation in which individuals of two or more species are i…
a state in which two groups of organisms can no longer exchan…
speciation
the process that splits among lineages in the tree of life/th…
morphological species concept
a construct that assumes a species comprises individuals that…
38 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Set 10
allele
alternation of generations
aneuploidy
Barr body
Alternative form of a gene; occur at the same location on hom…
Life cycle, typical of land plants, inwhich a diploid sporoph…
Condition in which a cell does not contain the correct number…
Dark-staining body in the cell nuclei of female mammals that…
allele
Alternative form of a gene; occur at the same location on hom…
alternation of generations
Life cycle, typical of land plants, inwhich a diploid sporoph…
AP Biology Interactions Vocabulary
Ecology
Abiotic
Biotic
Biome
The scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
Non-living factors that influence the abundance and distribut…
Living factors that influence the abundance and distribution…
Major life zones characterized by vegetation type (in terrest…
Ecology
The scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
Abiotic
Non-living factors that influence the abundance and distribut…
45 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Set 9
anaphase
angiogenesis
apoptosis
asexual reproduction
4th phase of mitosis; chromosomes move toward the poles of th…
formation of new blood vessels; occurs rapidly as a character…
Programmed cell death; involves cascade of specific cellular…
Reproduction that requires only one parent and does not invol…
anaphase
4th phase of mitosis; chromosomes move toward the poles of th…
angiogenesis
formation of new blood vessels; occurs rapidly as a character…
19 terms
AP Biology Chapter 24 Vocabulary
Speciation
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Biological species concept
An evolutionary process in which one species splits into two…
Evolutionary change below the species level; change in the al…
Evolutionary change above the species level.
Definition of a species as a group of populations whose membe…
Speciation
An evolutionary process in which one species splits into two…
Microevolution
Evolutionary change below the species level; change in the al…
30 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Organic compounds
Macromolecules
Classes of macromolecules
Polymer
Carbon-based molecules. Next to water, they are the most comm…
Large biological molecules. Cells make them from 40-50 common…
1) Carbohydrates... 2) Lipids... 3) Proteins... 4) Nucleic acids
A large molecule consisting of monomers covalently joined tog…
Organic compounds
Carbon-based molecules. Next to water, they are the most comm…
Macromolecules
Large biological molecules. Cells make them from 40-50 common…
24 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Matter
Element
Chemical composition of the human body
Trace elements
Anything that occupies space and has mass. This is what makes…
A substance that can't be broken down into other substances b…
Four elements - oxygen (O), carbon (C), hydrogen (H), and nit…
Elements that are essential for the survival of an organism,…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass. This is what makes…
Element
A substance that can't be broken down into other substances b…
18 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Set 15
adaptation
analogous
artificial selection
biogeography
Specie's modification in structure, function, or behavior tha…
Structure that has a similar function in separate lineages bu…
Intentional breeding of certain traits, or combinations of tr…
Study of the geographical distribution of organisms.
adaptation
Specie's modification in structure, function, or behavior tha…
analogous
Structure that has a similar function in separate lineages bu…
27 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Set 16
allele frequency
assortative mating
bottleneck effect
cost-benefit analysis
Relative proportion of each allele for a gene in the gene poo…
Mating of individuals with similar phenotypes.
Type of genetic drift; occurs when a majority of genotypes ar…
A weighing -out of the costs and benefits (in terms of contri…
allele frequency
Relative proportion of each allele for a gene in the gene poo…
assortative mating
Mating of individuals with similar phenotypes.
123 terms
AP Biology Chapter 35 Vocabulary
plasticity
morphology
tissue
organ
an organism's ability to alter or "mold" itself in response t…
external form
an integrate group of cells with a common function, structure…
a specialized center of body function composed of seeral diff…
plasticity
an organism's ability to alter or "mold" itself in response t…
morphology
external form
50 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Set 21
accessory pigment
alveolate
amoeboid
amoebozoan
Proteins that assist in the photosynthetic process by transfe…
A group of protists that includes unicellular dinoflagellates…
Cell that moves and engulfs debris with pseudopods.
Supergroup of eukaryotes that includes amoebas and slime mold…
accessory pigment
Proteins that assist in the photosynthetic process by transfe…
alveolate
A group of protists that includes unicellular dinoflagellates…
29 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Community
Population
All of Earth's environments that support life.
All living organisms and nonliving, physical things (ex: air,…
Organisms in an ecosystem.
Interacting group of individuals in a species.
Biosphere
All of Earth's environments that support life.
Ecosystem
All living organisms and nonliving, physical things (ex: air,…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
58 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Set 3
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
amino acid
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
biomolecule
Nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
Organic molecule composed of an amino group and an acid group…
Energy currency of cells; 39% of free energy in glucose bonds…
organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydra…
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
Nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
amino acid
Organic molecule composed of an amino group and an acid group…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
29 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
molecules
organelles
cells
tissues
atoms joined together
complex molecules build these little structures
the basic unit of life
cells that function together
molecules
atoms joined together
organelles
complex molecules build these little structures
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,011 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
101 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary
Active site
Active transport
Alternation of generations
Alveoli
The part of the enzyme where the substrate will bind.
The movement of molecules across the cell membrane with the u…
The life cycle of a plant that includes both a multicellular…
The functional unit of the lung.
Active site
The part of the enzyme where the substrate will bind.
Active transport
The movement of molecules across the cell membrane with the u…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
48 terms
AP BIOLOGY- Molecular Genetics Vocabulary
Protein synthesis
Gene expression
Transcription
Translation
the formation of proteins by using information contained in D…
conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into me…
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in m…
Protein synthesis
the formation of proteins by using information contained in D…
Gene expression
conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into me…
50 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary
Emergent Properties
Negative Feedback
Prokaryotic Cell
Electron Shells
Emergent Properties are the new properties of a system that i…
Negative feedback is an internal regulatory system that works…
Prokaryotic cells are cells without a membrane bound nucleus…
Electron shells are circular paths that electrons follow when…
Emergent Properties
Emergent Properties are the new properties of a system that i…
Negative Feedback
Negative feedback is an internal regulatory system that works…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
22 terms
Cell Vocabulary - AP Biology
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
control center
ribosome maker
protein processor
lipid synthesis/detoxifier
Nucleus
control center
Nucleolus
ribosome maker
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