Study sets matching "ap biology vocab"

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Study sets matching "ap biology vocab"

1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
771 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,011 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
737 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Does not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Does not mix with water.
35 terms
AP Biology Evolution Vocabulary
Adaptation
Mutation
Speciation
Species
Characteristics passed down to an organism over generations t…
Change in the nucleotide sequence of an organisms DNA (or RNA…
Evolutionary process where a species splits into multiple spe…
Members of the same population that are able to interbreed an…
Adaptation
Characteristics passed down to an organism over generations t…
Mutation
Change in the nucleotide sequence of an organisms DNA (or RNA…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
90 terms
AP Biology Macromolecules and Enzymes vocabulary
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
enzyme
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecule
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
94 terms
AP Biology Macromolecules and Enzymes vocabulary
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
enzyme
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecule
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
41 terms
AP Biology - Genetics Vocabulary
Law of Independent assortment
Law of Segregation
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates ind…
Mendel's law that states that the pairs of homologous chromos…
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
Law of Independent assortment
Each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates ind…
Law of Segregation
Mendel's law that states that the pairs of homologous chromos…
23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
25 terms
AP Biology Evolution Vocabulary
Adaptation
Mutation
Speciation
Species
Characteristics passed down to an organism over generations t…
Change in the nucleotide sequence of an organisms DNA (or RNA…
Evolutionary process where a species splits into multiple spe…
Members of the same population that are able to interbreed an…
Adaptation
Characteristics passed down to an organism over generations t…
Mutation
Change in the nucleotide sequence of an organisms DNA (or RNA…
330 terms
AP Biology Semester 1 Exam Vocabulary Set
autotroph
heterotroph
chloroplast
stroma
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membra…
autotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
81 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
29 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
molecules
organelles
cells
tissues
atoms joined together
complex molecules build these little structures
the basic unit of life
cells that function together
molecules
atoms joined together
organelles
complex molecules build these little structures
70 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
AP Biology - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Matter
Element
Chemical composition of the human body
Trace elements
Anything that occupies space and has mass. This is what makes…
A substance that can't be broken down into other substances b…
Four elements - oxygen (O), carbon (C), hydrogen (H), and nit…
Elements that are essential for the survival of an organism,…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass. This is what makes…
Element
A substance that can't be broken down into other substances b…
19 terms
AP Biology Chapter 24 Vocabulary
Speciation
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Biological species concept
An evolutionary process in which one species splits into two…
Evolutionary change below the species level; change in the al…
Evolutionary change above the species level.
Definition of a species as a group of populations whose membe…
Speciation
An evolutionary process in which one species splits into two…
Microevolution
Evolutionary change below the species level; change in the al…
AP Biology - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Organic compounds
Macromolecules
Classes of macromolecules
Polymer
Carbon-based molecules. Next to water, they are the most comm…
Large biological molecules. Cells make them from 40-50 common…
1) Carbohydrates... 2) Lipids... 3) Proteins... 4) Nucleic acids
A large molecule consisting of monomers covalently joined tog…
Organic compounds
Carbon-based molecules. Next to water, they are the most comm…
Macromolecules
Large biological molecules. Cells make them from 40-50 common…
AP Biology - Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Community
Population
All of Earth's environments that support life.
All living organisms and nonliving, physical things (ex: air,…
Organisms in an ecosystem.
Interacting group of individuals in a species.
Biosphere
All of Earth's environments that support life.
Ecosystem
All living organisms and nonliving, physical things (ex: air,…
702 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
AP Biology: Behavioral Biology Vocabulary
Ethology
Fixed action pattern (FAP)
Sign stimulus
Learning
the study of animal behavior in natural conditions.
a sequence of behavioral acts that is especially unchangeable…
a FAP that is triggered by an external sensory stimulus.
the modification of behavior (behavioral change) resulting fr…
Ethology
the study of animal behavior in natural conditions.
Fixed action pattern (FAP)
a sequence of behavioral acts that is especially unchangeable…
AP Biology Interactions Vocabulary
Ecology
Abiotic
Biotic
Biome
The scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
Non-living factors that influence the abundance and distribut…
Living factors that influence the abundance and distribution…
Major life zones characterized by vegetation type (in terrest…
Ecology
The scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
Abiotic
Non-living factors that influence the abundance and distribut…
18 terms
AP Biology Chapter 26 Vocabulary
protobionts
ribozymes
radiometric dating
half-life
aggregates of antibiotic ally produced molecules surrounded b…
RNA catalysts. some can make complementary copies of short pi…
a common technique to date fossils bas on the decay of radioa…
the number of years it takes for 50% (half) of the original s…
protobionts
aggregates of antibiotic ally produced molecules surrounded b…
ribozymes
RNA catalysts. some can make complementary copies of short pi…
354 terms
AP Biology Semester 1 Exam Vocabulary Set
autotroph
heterotroph
chloroplast
mesophyll
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
The ground tissue of a leaf, sandwiched between the upper and…
autotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
37 terms
Evolution AP Biology Vocabulary Part 2
speciation
biological species concept
reproductive isolation
prezygotic barriers
Origin of new species and the source of biological diversity.
Species is a group of populations whose members have the pote…
Barriers that impede members of two different species fro pro…
Barriers that impede mating or hinder fertilization.
speciation
Origin of new species and the source of biological diversity.
biological species concept
Species is a group of populations whose members have the pote…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
AP Biology Chapter 35 Vocabulary
plasticity
morphology
tissue
organ
an organism's ability to alter or "mold" itself in response t…
external form
an integrate group of cells with a common function, structure…
a specialized center of body function composed of seeral diff…
plasticity
an organism's ability to alter or "mold" itself in response t…
morphology
external form
56 terms
AP Biology Genetics Vocabulary
crossing over
independent assortment
segregation
random fertilization
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
One of Mendel's principles that states that genes for differe…
(genetics) the separation of paired alleles during meiosis so…
source of genetic variation caused by the unlimited number of…
crossing over
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
independent assortment
One of Mendel's principles that states that genes for differe…
20 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
Sex-linked genes
X-linked
Barr body
A basic principle in biology stating that genes are located a…
genes that are located on a sex chromosome
A gene located on the X chromosome; such genes show a distinc…
A dense object lying along the inside of the nuclear envelope…
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
A basic principle in biology stating that genes are located a…
Sex-linked genes
genes that are located on a sex chromosome
58 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Set 3
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
amino acid
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
biomolecule
Nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
Organic molecule composed of an amino group and an acid group…
Energy currency of cells; 39% of free energy in glucose bonds…
organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydra…
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
Nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
amino acid
Organic molecule composed of an amino group and an acid group…
AP Biology Speciation Vocabulary
speciation
morphological species concept
cryptic species
reproductive isolation
the process that splits among lineages in the tree of life/th…
a construct that assumes a species comprises individuals that…
a situation in which individuals of two or more species are i…
a state in which two groups of organisms can no longer exchan…
speciation
the process that splits among lineages in the tree of life/th…
morphological species concept
a construct that assumes a species comprises individuals that…
83 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 and 7 Vocabulary
organelles
cytology
cell fractionation
eukaryotic cell
membrane enclosed structures in eukaryotic cells
study of cell structure
takes cells apart and separates major organelles
protists, fungi, animals, and plants. has a nucleus with the…
organelles
membrane enclosed structures in eukaryotic cells
cytology
study of cell structure
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary
homologous structures
vestigial structures
convergent evolution
Hardy-Weinberg
structures in different species that are similar because of c…
remnants of features that served important functions in the t…
the independent evolution of similar features in different li…
the frequencies of alleles and genotypes in a population will…
homologous structures
structures in different species that are similar because of c…
vestigial structures
remnants of features that served important functions in the t…
38 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Set 10
allele
alternation of generations
aneuploidy
Barr body
Alternative form of a gene; occur at the same location on hom…
Life cycle, typical of land plants, inwhich a diploid sporoph…
Condition in which a cell does not contain the correct number…
Dark-staining body in the cell nuclei of female mammals that…
allele
Alternative form of a gene; occur at the same location on hom…
alternation of generations
Life cycle, typical of land plants, inwhich a diploid sporoph…
50 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Set 21
accessory pigment
alveolate
amoeboid
amoebozoan
Proteins that assist in the photosynthetic process by transfe…
A group of protists that includes unicellular dinoflagellates…
Cell that moves and engulfs debris with pseudopods.
Supergroup of eukaryotes that includes amoebas and slime mold…
accessory pigment
Proteins that assist in the photosynthetic process by transfe…
alveolate
A group of protists that includes unicellular dinoflagellates…
45 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Set 9
anaphase
angiogenesis
apoptosis
asexual reproduction
4th phase of mitosis; chromosomes move toward the poles of th…
formation of new blood vessels; occurs rapidly as a character…
Programmed cell death; involves cascade of specific cellular…
Reproduction that requires only one parent and does not invol…
anaphase
4th phase of mitosis; chromosomes move toward the poles of th…
angiogenesis
formation of new blood vessels; occurs rapidly as a character…
42 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Cell Divsion
Cell Cycle
Genome
Chromosomes
means "every cell from a cell"; the continuity of life is bas…
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
The complete instructions for making an organism, consisting…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Cell Divsion
means "every cell from a cell"; the continuity of life is bas…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
28 terms
AP Biology Unit 6 Mendelian Genetics Vocabulary
Dominant
Recessive
Allele
Gene
Covers over, or dominates, another form of that trait.... expre…
expressed when homozygous (aa)
An alternative form of a gene.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Dominant
Covers over, or dominates, another form of that trait.... expre…
Recessive
expressed when homozygous (aa)
183 terms
AP Biology midterm vocabulary
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
isomers
structural isomers
the branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the same ele…
compounds that differ in the covalent arrangement of their at…
organic chemistry
the branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
hydrocarbons
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
771 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
630 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
101 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary
Active site
Active transport
Alternation of generations
Alveoli
The part of the enzyme where the substrate will bind.
The movement of molecules across the cell membrane with the u…
The life cycle of a plant that includes both a multicellular…
The functional unit of the lung.
Active site
The part of the enzyme where the substrate will bind.
Active transport
The movement of molecules across the cell membrane with the u…
30 terms
AP Biology-Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Anaphase
Anchorage dependence
Aster
Binary fission
one of the stages in cell division that occurs in both mitosi…
A need for contact and anchorage to a stable surface by some…
Playing a major role in animal cell mitosis, are a radial arr…
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Anaphase
one of the stages in cell division that occurs in both mitosi…
Anchorage dependence
A need for contact and anchorage to a stable surface by some…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
26 terms
AP Biology Respiration Vocabulary
Lactic Acid Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Reducing Agent
NAD+
Glycolysis followed by the reduction of a pyruvate to a lacta…
Catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as the…
Electron donor in a redox reaction
Coenzyme that cycles easily between oxidized (NAD+) and reduc…
Lactic Acid Fermentation
Glycolysis followed by the reduction of a pyruvate to a lacta…
Aerobic Respiration
Catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as the…
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