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Study sets matching "ap biology"

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Study sets matching "ap biology"

30 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiratory Vocabulary Diego
Anabolism
Catabolism
Energy Conversions
Reactants
the synthesis of complex molecules in living organisms from s…
the breakdown of complex molecules in living organisms to for…
the process of changing one form of energy to another form of…
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
Anabolism
the synthesis of complex molecules in living organisms from s…
Catabolism
the breakdown of complex molecules in living organisms to for…
69 termscreated on December 2, 2016
*The peripheral nervous system sensory division
What is included in the PNS?
What is a sensory fiber? (afferent)
How do the Special senses differ from…
What is a receptor?
All nerves, ganglia, receptors, and receptor organs.
Any fiber carrying APs toward the CNS.
General senses are grouped under "TOUCH" and include touch, p…
Specialized ending of sensory neuron that responds to direct…
What is included in the PNS?
All nerves, ganglia, receptors, and receptor organs.
What is a sensory fiber? (afferent)
Any fiber carrying APs toward the CNS.
13 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Cellular Respiration AP Biology
Glycolysis
Where Glycolysis occurs
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Breakdown of glucose into pyruvate
In the cytosol
Cellular Respiration in the presence of oxygen
Cellular Respiration in the absence of oxygen
Glycolysis
Breakdown of glucose into pyruvate
Where Glycolysis occurs
In the cytosol
31 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
anabolism
catabolism
energy conversion
reactants
the synthesis of complex molecules in living organisms from s…
the breakdown of complex molecules in living organisms to for…
Energy transformation or energy conversion is the process of…
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
anabolism
the synthesis of complex molecules in living organisms from s…
catabolism
the breakdown of complex molecules in living organisms to for…
31 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Body Parts- Spanish II by Wendell
Cabeza
Ojo
Nariz
Boca
Head
Eye
Nose
Mouth
Cabeza
Head
Ojo
Eye
23 termscreated on December 2, 2016
2nd 9 Weeks Vocabulary by Wendell
Solicitous
Circumspect
Peremptory
Insolent
Full of concern or fears
Careful to consider all circumstances and consequences
Barring a right of action or delay
Contemptuous, rude, disrespectful, or bold in behavior or lan…
Solicitous
Full of concern or fears
Circumspect
Careful to consider all circumstances and consequences
22 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology: Chapters 9-10
The Cell Cycle
Somatic Cell
SisterChromatids
Meiosis
The life of a cell from the time its first formed from a divi…
Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells.
DNA replication produces two identical DNA molecules which se…
cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
The Cell Cycle
The life of a cell from the time its first formed from a divi…
Somatic Cell
Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells.
23 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology Campbell Reece Chapter 21
genomics
bioinformatics
whole-genome shotgun approach
Human Genome Project
The systematic study... of whole sets of genes (or other DNA) an…
the application of computational methods to... the storage and a…
Procedure... for genome sequencing in which the genome... is random…
An international... collaborative effort to map and sequence the…
genomics
The systematic study... of whole sets of genes (or other DNA) an…
bioinformatics
the application of computational methods to... the storage and a…
52 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Campbell AP Biology: Chapter 5
Polymer
Monomers
Enzymes
Dehydration Reaction
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
the smaller, repeating units that serve as the building block…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions (…
Reaction in which two molecules are covalently bonded to each…
Polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Monomers
the smaller, repeating units that serve as the building block…
12 termscreated on December 2, 2016
FINAL- ch. 22
what is the evidence of human evolution?
homologous
analogous
hominids
fossils, anatomy, embryology, molecular biology (DNA)
evolved from a common ancestor, similar/ different functions-…
evolved separately but perform similar functions (bird and fl…
gret apes and humans- large brains, larger, no tails
what is the evidence of human evolution?
fossils, anatomy, embryology, molecular biology (DNA)
homologous
evolved from a common ancestor, similar/ different functions-…
72 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 6 & 7 Campbell Biology 9th Edition Vocab
cytosol
plasma membrane
nucleoid
cytoplasm
...
...
...
...
cytosol
...
plasma membrane
...
46 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Pre AP Biology Semester review (not finished) :)
14 characteristics of life
Label microscope
Functions of cells
Where is the cell on the level of hier…
- reproduce... - respiration... - require energy... - digestion... - excr…
- can perform ALL the activities required for life... - can regu…
- the lowest
14 characteristics of life
- reproduce... - respiration... - require energy... - digestion... - excr…
Label microscope
29 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Mitosis Review
Interphase
G1 phase
S phase
G2 phase
The phase of the cell cycle that the cell spends most of its…
The phase of the cell cycle that the cell does most of its gr…
The phase of the cell cycle that the cell replicates its DNA
The cell prepares for cell division in this phase by making o…
Interphase
The phase of the cell cycle that the cell spends most of its…
G1 phase
The phase of the cell cycle that the cell does most of its gr…
43 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology: Circulation and Gas Exchange
heart
open circulatory system
hemolymph
closed circulatory system
A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.
system in which blood is not always contained within a networ…
In invertebrates with an open circulatory system, the body fl…
A circulatory system in which the oxygen-carrying blood cells…
heart
A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.
open circulatory system
system in which blood is not always contained within a networ…
21 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology: Homeostasis
Homeostasis
Diease or illness
What is ph,body temp, blood sugar
Ph-7.35,body temp-37 degrees celsius,…
The ability of an organism to maintain a stable internal evir…
Disrupts homeostatis
Three aspects of the body that must be maintained in order to…
The balanced levels of ph,body temp, blood sugar
Homeostasis
The ability of an organism to maintain a stable internal evir…
Diease or illness
Disrupts homeostatis
13 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology: Positive and Negative Feedback Loops
Negative Feedback loop
Positive feedback loop
example of negative
example of positive
if something gets too high, force to go back down ... then other…
moving away from target set point, when we want something to…
blood sugar regulation and thermal regulation... - thermal: if y…
one fruit ripens then they all do: ethylene gas given off by…
Negative Feedback loop
if something gets too high, force to go back down ... then other…
Positive feedback loop
moving away from target set point, when we want something to…
18 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology: Thermoregulation
Only _____ can regulate their temp!
Endotherms
Ectotherms
Metabolic activity
ANIMALS
-Able to maintain internal temp. at a diff level than ambient…
-internal temp conforms to ambient temp... -all other animals... *c…
-Major source of heat production in organisms... -Endotherms hav…
Only _____ can regulate their temp!
ANIMALS
Endotherms
-Able to maintain internal temp. at a diff level than ambient…
24 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology Chapter 9
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular Repsiration
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
-process of using substances other than oxygen as reactants t…
-process for animal to breathe oxygen; aerobic + anaerobic... -C…
Fermentation
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
Aerobic Respiration
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
68 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology: Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
6CO₂ + 6H₂O → C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂
Cuticle
Epidermis
___ is the process by which light energy is converted to chem…
write the overall chemical equation for photosynthesis... CO₂ =…
the outer, waxy covering of a leaf is called the ___
the cuticle is produced by the ___ to protect the leaf from w…
Photosynthesis
___ is the process by which light energy is converted to chem…
6CO₂ + 6H₂O → C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂
write the overall chemical equation for photosynthesis... CO₂ =…
59 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Exam 3 Practice 2
a
a
a
b
Which of the following best explains the bystander effect?…
Which was the first type of plant to evolve xylem and phloem?…
Which is the correct order of innovations in plant evolution?…
Leaves absorb... a. both sunlight and water b. sunlight c. miner…
a
Which of the following best explains the bystander effect?…
a
Which was the first type of plant to evolve xylem and phloem?…
30 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology Cell Cycle Test
What is the function of the G1 checkpo…
What is the function of the G2 checkpo…
What is the function of the M checkpoi…
benign
go/no go, signals start at S (copy DNA)
MPF signals cell to start mitosis by phosphorylating nuclear…
delays anaphase until all chromosomes are lined up in the mid…
noncancerous cells or tumor
What is the function of the G1 checkpo…
go/no go, signals start at S (copy DNA)
What is the function of the G2 checkpo…
MPF signals cell to start mitosis by phosphorylating nuclear…
19 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 11 Cell Communication
Signal Transduction Pathway
Local Regulations
Hormone
3 Processes that cells go through when…
a series of steps which signal on a cell's surface is convert…
animal cells use this to communicate, messenger molecules tha…
long distance signaling used by plants and animals
Reception, transduction, response
Signal Transduction Pathway
a series of steps which signal on a cell's surface is convert…
Local Regulations
animal cells use this to communicate, messenger molecules tha…
10 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Immune System
Ligand
ECM
Inflammatory Response
Histamine
Signal molecule that binds to a receptor protein
Glycolipids and glycoproteins
What happens when the body is injured
What releases when cells are injured
Ligand
Signal molecule that binds to a receptor protein
ECM
Glycolipids and glycoproteins
29 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Bio Final Lab Exam
TGA
UGA
ACU
STOP
Complementary DNA for triplet ACT
Complementary mRNA for triplet ACT
Complementary tRNA for ACT?
Amino acid for ACT
TGA
Complementary DNA for triplet ACT
UGA
Complementary mRNA for triplet ACT
9 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Animal names
Cnidarianas
Platyhelminthes
Nematoda
Annelida
Jelly fish, sea anemones
Flat Worms
Round Worms
Earth worms
Cnidarianas
Jelly fish, sea anemones
Platyhelminthes
Flat Worms
17 termscreated on December 2, 2016
PreAP-Biology Final Ritenour
Formula for photosynthesis
Ecosystems contain plants, animals, fu…
Products of photosynthesis
Where in the cell, does photosynthesis…
Light + co2 + water ---> glucose + oxygen
Plants and some bacteria
The main product of photosynthesis is sugar . A by-product is…
The Chloroplasts
Formula for photosynthesis
Light + co2 + water ---> glucose + oxygen
Ecosystems contain plants, animals, fu…
Plants and some bacteria
20 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology Ch. 53 & 54
What are two examples of conditions th…
Give both biotic and abiotic reasons f…
What is demographic transition? ... Ch. 53
What is the difference between emigrat…
A lot of food and a big area.
The biotic reason would be the wolves killing the moose. The…
A change in birth rate and death rate. Health care and famine…
Immigration is people moving into a country/region. Emigratio…
What are two examples of conditions th…
A lot of food and a big area.
Give both biotic and abiotic reasons f…
The biotic reason would be the wolves killing the moose. The…
64 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Bio Chapter 53
logistic
possible growth
density-dependent and density-independ…
density dependent
according to this equation, growth levels off as population s…
although the logistic model fits few real populations, it is…
two life history patterns are
many factors that regulate population growth are
logistic
according to this equation, growth levels off as population s…
possible growth
although the logistic model fits few real populations, it is…
23 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology Chapter 11
Monohybrid Cross
Locus
Alleles
Dominant Allele
Cross between parents that differ in only one trait.
The physical condition of a trait or gene on a chromosome.
Alternative form of a gene; occur at the same locus on homolo…
Allele that exerts it's phenotypic effect in the heterozygote…
Monohybrid Cross
Cross between parents that differ in only one trait.
Locus
The physical condition of a trait or gene on a chromosome.
57 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology Chapter 51: Animal Behavior Reading Guide
How is behavior defined?
What is ethology?
Proximate Causation
Ultimate Causation
An action carried out by muscles or glands under control of t…
The scientific study of how animals behave; particularly in t…
"How" a behavior occurs or "how" it is modified.
"Why" a behavior occurs in context of natural selection.
How is behavior defined?
An action carried out by muscles or glands under control of t…
What is ethology?
The scientific study of how animals behave; particularly in t…
20 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology Chapter 18: Genomes and Their Evolution
Genomics
Bioinformatics
Human Genome Project
Whole-Genome Shotgun Approach
Study whole sets of genes and their interactions.
The application of computational methods to the storage and a…
Founded in 1990, development of technology for faster gene se…
Starts with the cloning and sequencing of DNA fragments from…
Genomics
Study whole sets of genes and their interactions.
Bioinformatics
The application of computational methods to the storage and a…
30 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Luiz Granados-Photosynthesis and Celular Respiration Vocabulary
Anabolism
Catabolism
Energy Conversion
Reactants
the synthesis of complex molecules in living organisms from s…
the breakdown of complex molecules in living organisms to for…
Energy transformation or energy conversion is the process of…
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
Anabolism
the synthesis of complex molecules in living organisms from s…
Catabolism
the breakdown of complex molecules in living organisms to for…
15 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Nephron anatomy and physiology- AP Biology
Glomerulus
Bowman's Capsule
Efferent arteriole
Afferent arteriole
Tightly-woven ball of capillaries used for filtration
Cup-shaped structure used for blood filtration
Sends blood away from the glomerulus (connected to capillaries)
Takes blood into the glomerulus
Glomerulus
Tightly-woven ball of capillaries used for filtration
Bowman's Capsule
Cup-shaped structure used for blood filtration
20 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Bio Chapter 6 Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Chlorophyll a
Pigment
Organism that makes its own food using energy from the enviro…
Organism that obtains carbon from organic compounds assembled…
Main photosynthetic pigment in plants
An organic molecule that can absorb light of certain waveleng…
Autotroph
Organism that makes its own food using energy from the enviro…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains carbon from organic compounds assembled…
18 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 9 Vocab
Gene
Gene expression
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
A part of a chromosome that encodes an RNA or protein product…
Process by which the information in a gene guides assembly of…
RNA that has a protein-building message
RNA that becomes part of ribosomes
Gene
A part of a chromosome that encodes an RNA or protein product…
Gene expression
Process by which the information in a gene guides assembly of…
50 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Vocab Quiz #6
per-
peri-
permea-
phag-
through; around
around; on all sides
pass; go
eat
per-
through; around
peri-
around; on all sides
60 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Physical Anthropology Keyterms
hominins
biocultural
postcranial
large-bodied hominoids
colloquial term for members of the the tribe Hominini, which…
pertaining to the concept that biology makes culture possible…
referring to all or part of the skeleton not including the sk…
Those hominoids including the great apes (orangutans, chimpan…
hominins
colloquial term for members of the the tribe Hominini, which…
biocultural
pertaining to the concept that biology makes culture possible…
13 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapters 10, 11, 12
heredity
variation
genetics
genes
transmission of traits from one generation to the next
demonstrated by the differences in appearance that offspring…
scientific study of heredity and variation
units of heredity and are made up of segments of DNA
heredity
transmission of traits from one generation to the next
variation
demonstrated by the differences in appearance that offspring…
27 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology: Chapter 10- Photosynthesis other
Autotrophic nutrition
Heterotrophic nutrition
Cholorplast
Chlorophyll
Create organic molecules from CO2 and other inorganic molecules
Cannot make own food, use cellular respiration to convert glu…
Site of photosynthesis in plants
Pigment which reflects green light
Autotrophic nutrition
Create organic molecules from CO2 and other inorganic molecules
Heterotrophic nutrition
Cannot make own food, use cellular respiration to convert glu…
44 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology Chapter 10 Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
photoautotroph
chlorophyll
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
plants that use energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxid…
the green pigment located within chloroplasts. It absorbs lig…
autotroph
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
heterotroph
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
8 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Ch. 14 Genes, Development and Evolution
Stem Cells
Animal Cloning
Cloning steps
Stem Cells in an organism
cells with unlimited capacity to divide and become other cell…
is possible with current technology but is limited by cost, e…
1. a donor cell is taken from the organisms udder (in this ca…
differentiate in different tissue types... -all cell parts in a…
Stem Cells
cells with unlimited capacity to divide and become other cell…
Animal Cloning
is possible with current technology but is limited by cost, e…
17 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology Unit 4: Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
Histone
The division of the cell nucleus and it's contents.
Process which divides the cell cytoplasm.
One long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
Group of proteins that DNA is wrapped around.
Mitosis
The division of the cell nucleus and it's contents.
Cytokinesis
Process which divides the cell cytoplasm.
6 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 14: Genes, Development, & Evolution
Stems cells
Animal cloning
How do stem cells differentiate?
How does the body plan get played out?
cells that can unlimitedly divide and become any other cell t…
is possible with current technology but has limited variabili…
1) cytoplasmic determinants: uneven distribution of molecules…
-Apoptosis... -Hox genes
Stems cells
cells that can unlimitedly divide and become any other cell t…
Animal cloning
is possible with current technology but has limited variabili…
11 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Bio Chapter 9
sister chromatids
centromere
misosis
cytokinesis
Replicated forms of a chromosome joined together by the centr…
Region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach
the process by which two daughter cells are formed; each cont…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
sister chromatids
Replicated forms of a chromosome joined together by the centr…
centromere
Region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach
24 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Campbell AP Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Substrate-level Phosphorylation
acetyl CoA
Facultative Anaerobe
Anaerobic
The formation of ATP by directly transferring a phosphate gro…
The entry compound for the Krebs cycle in cellular respiratio…
An organism that makes ATP by aerobic respiration if oxygen i…
Lacking oxygen; referring to an organism, environment, or cel…
Substrate-level Phosphorylation
The formation of ATP by directly transferring a phosphate gro…
acetyl CoA
The entry compound for the Krebs cycle in cellular respiratio…
34 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Biology Final - CH15 - ULM THOMPSON
Olfaction (what type of neuron?)
Olfaction (characteristics)
Olfaction
Olfaction (cranial nerve process)
*bipolar neuron
*chemicals dissolve in mucus & bind to cilia... *low threshold,…
**see notes for picture!
CN 1... mitral cell... association neuron... olfactory cortex (lateral…
Olfaction (what type of neuron?)
*bipolar neuron
Olfaction (characteristics)
*chemicals dissolve in mucus & bind to cilia... *low threshold,…
10 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Parts of a Cell- AP Biology
Plasma membrane
Fluid mosaic
Cell theory
Nucleoid
Selectively permeable phospholipid bilayer which surrounds a…
The dispersion of components in a cell. Objects in the plasma…
Fundamental unit of life. All living things have 1+ of them.…
Where prokaryotes store DNA
Plasma membrane
Selectively permeable phospholipid bilayer which surrounds a…
Fluid mosaic
The dispersion of components in a cell. Objects in the plasma…
113 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology
The molecular formula for glucose is C…
Many of the unique physical properties…
Which of the best characterizes the re…
A covalent bond is likely to be polar…
C₆₀H₁₀₂O₅₁
Its polar nature
Energonic
One of the atoms sharing electrons is much more electronegati…
The molecular formula for glucose is C…
C₆₀H₁₀₂O₅₁
Many of the unique physical properties…
Its polar nature
14 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Ch. 11 Cell Communication
Hormones
Hormone signaling
Paracrine signaling
Ligand
chemicals used for long-distance signaling by plants and anim…
signaling in which specialized cells release hormone molecule…
the type of local signaling in which local regulators produce…
a molecule that specifically binds to another molecule, usual…
Hormones
chemicals used for long-distance signaling by plants and anim…
Hormone signaling
signaling in which specialized cells release hormone molecule…
24 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 12: Chromosomal Patterns of Inheritance
Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance
Color Blindness
Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy
Hemophilia
States that chromosomes hold the genetic material.
Sex linked recessive. The proteins for sensing red and green…
Sex linked recessive. Mutated proteins prevent the sarcomeres…
Sex linked recessive. These people have dysfunctional clottin…
Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance
States that chromosomes hold the genetic material.
Color Blindness
Sex linked recessive. The proteins for sensing red and green…
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