Study sets matching "ap biology"

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Study sets matching "ap biology"

AP Biology
What are characteristics of organic co…
What are characteristics of inorganic…
What is the difference between cohesio…
Neutralization
they must contain Carbon and Hydrogen, they have covalent bon…
They do not contain both carbon and hydrogen, they are usuall…
Cohesion refers to the attraction water molecules have for ot…
When an acid is added to a base. Salt and water are produced…
What are characteristics of organic co…
they must contain Carbon and Hydrogen, they have covalent bon…
What are characteristics of inorganic…
They do not contain both carbon and hydrogen, they are usuall…
AP Biology Ecology
Population
Community
Ecosystem
Biotic
a localized group of individuals of the same species that can…
all the organisms that inhabit a particular area; as assembla…
all the organisms in a given area as well as the abiotic fact…
pertaining to the living organisms in the environment
Population
a localized group of individuals of the same species that can…
Community
all the organisms that inhabit a particular area; as assembla…
AP Biology Evolution
homologous structures
vestigial structures
convergent evolution
Hardy-Weinberg
structures in different species that are similar because of c…
remnants of features that served important functions in the t…
the independent evolution of similar features in different li…
the frequencies of alleles and genotypes in a population will…
homologous structures
structures in different species that are similar because of c…
vestigial structures
remnants of features that served important functions in the t…
35 terms
AP Biology - Cells
plasma membrane
saturated fatty acid membrane
unsaturated fatty acid membrane
organelles
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
packed tight; rigid membrane
not packed tight; flexible membrane
bodies within cytoplasm; chemical rxns isolated, able to take…
plasma membrane
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
saturated fatty acid membrane
packed tight; rigid membrane
29 terms
Mitosis - AP Biology
G1 Phase
G0 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
First stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs it…
Cell is performing its normal functions, but has left the cel…
The synthesis phase of the cell cycle; the portion of interph…
Last stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs its…
G1 Phase
First stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs it…
G0 Phase
Cell is performing its normal functions, but has left the cel…
48 terms
AP Biology Metabolism
Metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
breaking a complex molecule down into its simpler parts, rele…
using energy to build complex molecules from simpler molecule…
Metabolism
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
metabolic pathway
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
24 terms
AP Biology: Mitosis
G1 Phase
G0 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
First stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs it…
Cell is performing its normal functions, but has left the cel…
The synthesis phase of the cell cycle; the portion of interph…
Last stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs its…
G1 Phase
First stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs it…
G0 Phase
Cell is performing its normal functions, but has left the cel…
61 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
AP Biology: Population Ecology
population
age structure
population density
biotic potential
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Percentage of the population (or number of people of each sex…
Number of individuals per unit area
The maximum rate at which a population could increase under i…
population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
age structure
Percentage of the population (or number of people of each sex…
31 terms
AP Biology: Evolution
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Hardy-Weinberg Equation
Gene flow
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations.
Evolution on a large scale extending over geologic era and re…
p² + 2pq + q² =1
Movement of alleles into or out of a population due to the mi…
Microevolution
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations.
Macroevolution
Evolution on a large scale extending over geologic era and re…
41 terms
AP Biology Cell Structure
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Organelle
Bacterial genome
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
"little organ" - compartmentalized structures that perform sp…
Very short, single circular chromosome that floats in the nuc…
Prokaryotic cell
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Eukaryotic cell
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
19 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
Interphase
Primary growth phase of the cell
Phase where genome is replicated
Preparation made for separation of genomes; organelles replic…
Collective name for G1, S, and G2 Phases
G1 Phase
Primary growth phase of the cell
S Phase
Phase where genome is replicated
49 terms
AP Biology Energy
anabolism
catabolism
cristae
thylakoids
Metabolic pathways that construct molecules, requiring energy.
Metabolic pathways that break down molecules, releasing energy.
Infoldings of the inner membrane of a mitochondrion that hous…
Membranous structures within a chloroplast that serve as the…
anabolism
Metabolic pathways that construct molecules, requiring energy.
catabolism
Metabolic pathways that break down molecules, releasing energy.
762 terms
AP Biology Study Set
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
bioenergenetics
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
Metabolic pathways that release energy by breaking down compl…
Metabolic pathways that consume energy to build complicated m…
The study of how organisms manage their energy resources.
metabolic pathway
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
catabolic pathways
Metabolic pathways that release energy by breaking down compl…
77 terms
AP Biology - Cells
plasma membrane
saturated fatty acid membrane
unsaturated fatty acid membrane
selectively permeable
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
packed tight; rigid membrane
not packed tight; flexible membrane
allows: small, unchanged, polar molecules; hydrophobic molecu…
plasma membrane
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
saturated fatty acid membrane
packed tight; rigid membrane
77 terms
AP Biology - Cells
plasma membrane
saturated fatty acid membrane
unsaturated fatty acid membrane
selectively permeable
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
packed tight; rigid membrane
not packed tight; flexible membrane
allows: small, unchanged, polar molecules; hydrophobic molecu…
plasma membrane
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
saturated fatty acid membrane
packed tight; rigid membrane
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter Biochemistry
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
AP Biology- Biochemistry 2016
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
40 terms
AP Biology - Basic Chemistry
Matter
Energy
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Atom
Anything that has mass and occupies space
The ability to do work; comes in many forms - kinetic, potent…
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
The most basic unit of matter; the smallest particle of an el…
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Energy
The ability to do work; comes in many forms - kinetic, potent…
137 terms
Basic Biochemistry AP Biology
Catabolic pathways
Word Roots: an-
Word Roots: glyco-
Word Roots: -lysis
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
sweet;
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
Catabolic pathways
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
Word Roots: an-
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
35 terms
AP Biology - Enzymes
enzyme
red
blue
progress of reaction
a protein catalyst that speeds up a chemical reaction
Which line (red or blue) represents an enzyme catalyzed react…
Which line (red or blue) represents an uncatalyzed reaction?
What is the x-axis of this graph?
enzyme
a protein catalyst that speeds up a chemical reaction
red
Which line (red or blue) represents an enzyme catalyzed react…
88 terms
AP Biology: Prefixes and Suffixes
bio-
-ic
-meter; -metry
micro-
life
of or pertaining to
measure
small
bio-
life
-ic
of or pertaining to
35 terms
Cell Energy: AP Biology
Catabolism
Anabolism
Enthalpy
Entropy
Metabolic pathways that break down molecules, releasing energy
Metabolic pathways that construct molecules, requiring energy.
total energy
total disorder
Catabolism
Metabolic pathways that break down molecules, releasing energy
Anabolism
Metabolic pathways that construct molecules, requiring energy.
106 terms
DNA (AP BIOLOGY)
DNA-RNA-Protein-Trait
deoxyribonucleic acid
genetic code
stores; transmits
flow of biological info
what does DNA stand for?
DNA carries the ?
DNA ? and ? genetic info from one generation to the next
DNA-RNA-Protein-Trait
flow of biological info
deoxyribonucleic acid
what does DNA stand for?
77 terms
AP Biology - Cells
plasma membrane
saturated fatty acid membrane
unsaturated fatty acid membrane
selectively permeable
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
packed tight; rigid membrane
not packed tight; flexible membrane
allows: small, unchanged, polar molecules; hydrophobic molecu…
plasma membrane
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
saturated fatty acid membrane
packed tight; rigid membrane
AP Biology Cell Structure
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Organelle
Cell
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
"little organ" - compartmentalized structures that perform sp…
Basic functional unit of all living things
Prokaryotic cell
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Eukaryotic cell
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
49 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 5
Cellular membrane contain four compone…
Describe the fluid-mosaic model of mem…
What types of microscopes support the…
What is the function of the proteins i…
1. phospholipid bilayer... 2. transmembrane proteins... 3. Internal…
A mosaic of proteins float in or on a fluid lipid bilayer
Transmission Electron Microscope and Scanning Electron micros…
1. Support... 2. Transport through the membranes... 3. Communicatio…
Cellular membrane contain four compone…
1. phospholipid bilayer... 2. transmembrane proteins... 3. Internal…
Describe the fluid-mosaic model of mem…
A mosaic of proteins float in or on a fluid lipid bilayer
AP Biology Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Meiosis
Centrioles
IPMAT
Cell division that produces normal cells, produces two identi…
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
In animal cells, a pair of centrioles organize microtubules i…
Pneumonic device to remember the stages and order of cell div…
Mitosis
Cell division that produces normal cells, produces two identi…
Meiosis
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 14
Trait
P Generation
F1 Generation
F2 Generation
every variant for a character
-parental generation... -true breeding parents
-first filial generation... -hybrid offspring of P generation
-second filial generation... -offspring of F1 hybrids w/ self po…
Trait
every variant for a character
P Generation
-parental generation... -true breeding parents
41 terms
AP BIology DNA Replication
DNA Replication
Transformation
Bacteriophages
Virus
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
Viruses that infect bacteria... Bacteria eaters
infects a cell and takes over the cell's metabolic machinery
DNA Replication
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
Transformation
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
31 terms
AP Biology - Energy & Enzymes
metabolism
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
bioenergenetics
The sum of the building & breaking reactions occurring in cells
Series of reactions that release energy by breaking down comp…
Series of reactions that consume energy to build complicated…
The study of how organisms manage their energy resources.
metabolism
The sum of the building & breaking reactions occurring in cells
catabolic pathways
Series of reactions that release energy by breaking down comp…
26 terms
Biochemistry - AP Biology
Polar Molecule
Hydrophilic
Nonpolar Molecule
Hydrophobic
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Water loving
A symmetrical or balanced molecule with no charge; hydrophobi…
Water fearing
Polar Molecule
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Hydrophilic
Water loving
20 terms
Cell Membrane - AP Biology
Selectively permeability
Osmosis
turgid
Amphipathic molecule
it allows some things to come through and some not
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
swollen as from a fluid; bloated
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
Selectively permeability
it allows some things to come through and some not
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
58 terms
AP Biology Molecules
Methyl
Hydroxyl
Carboxyl
Amine
-has one carbon bonded to 3 hydrogen atoms... -when added to DNA…
-hydrogen atom is bonded to an oxygen atom... -alcohols (ethanol…
-oxygen atom is double bonded to a carbon atom that is also b…
-part of the Amino chemical group... -Ex: Glycine... -Acts as a bas…
Methyl
-has one carbon bonded to 3 hydrogen atoms... -when added to DNA…
Hydroxyl
-hydrogen atom is bonded to an oxygen atom... -alcohols (ethanol…
130 terms
AP Biology - Ecology Review
ecology
population
community
ecosystem
study of the distribution and abundance of organisms and thei…
group of individuals of the same species living in the same a…
group of populations of different species living in the same…
interrelationships between organisms in a community and their…
ecology
study of the distribution and abundance of organisms and thei…
population
group of individuals of the same species living in the same a…
28 terms
AP Biology: Functional Groups
Hydroxyl: Structure
Hydroxyl: Name of Compound
Hydroxyl: Example
Hydroxyl:Functional Properties
Alcohols (their specific names usually end in -ol)
Ethanol
-Is Polar as a result of the electrons spending more time nea…
Hydroxyl: Structure
Hydroxyl: Name of Compound
Alcohols (their specific names usually end in -ol)
16 terms
Photosynthesis - AP Biology
Photosynthesis
Light dependent reactions
Photolysis
Noncyclic Photophosphorylation
6CO2 + 12H20 (light) - > C6H12O6 + 6O2... Process by which plan…
Use light directly to produce ATP in the grana... (1) Light is a…
Splitting of water to provide electrons (to replace those los…
Primary form of light-dependent reaction - ATP and NADPH are…
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 12H20 (light) - > C6H12O6 + 6O2... Process by which plan…
Light dependent reactions
Use light directly to produce ATP in the grana... (1) Light is a…
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
17 terms
Ecology AP Biology
Exponential population growth
Logistic population growth
K-selection
R-selection
Growth of a population in an ideal, unlimited environment, re…
Population growth that levels off as population size approach…
Also called density-dependent selection. Characterized by few…
Also called density-independent selection. Characterized by m…
Exponential population growth
Growth of a population in an ideal, unlimited environment, re…
Logistic population growth
Population growth that levels off as population size approach…
Macromolecules Pre-AP Biology
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
The four Macromolecules are...
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
The four Macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
53 terms
AP Biology Unit 2: Biochemistry
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
condensation reaction (dehydration syn…
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
A reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to…
macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
29 terms
Cell Respiration - AP Biology
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Fermentation
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
Anaerobic phase of cellular respiration that breaks down gluc…
A process that produces a small amount of energy in the absen…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
ATP
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
19 terms
Enzymes for AP Biology
catalyst
enzyme
activation energy
substrate
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction with…
protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowering the ac…
the amount of energy needed for a reaction to occur
the substance an enzyme acts on
catalyst
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction with…
enzyme
protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowering the ac…
20 terms
AP Biology Cell Communication
Signal transduction pathway
enzyme linked receptors
Cell surface receptors
second messenger cascades
A series of molecular changes that converts a signal received…
participate in cell signaling through extracellular ligand bi…
proteins that bind specific molocules call ligands
A multistep process that couples activation of a neurotransmi…
Signal transduction pathway
A series of molecular changes that converts a signal received…
enzyme linked receptors
participate in cell signaling through extracellular ligand bi…
52 terms
AP Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
two
genome
chromosomes
chromatin
How many daughter cells are produced in mitosis?
-consists of all the DNA in a cell... -holds specific genetic tr…
-packages in a cell which contain DNA molecules... -humans have…
-makes up chromosomes... -complex of DNA and protein
two
How many daughter cells are produced in mitosis?
genome
-consists of all the DNA in a cell... -holds specific genetic tr…
39 terms
AP Biology: Microorganisms
prokaryote
endospore
flagella
archaebacteria
A cell without a nucleus
forms when conditions are bad for a bacterium
long whip-like structure that helps bacteria move
does not contain peptidogylcan; live in harsh environments; h…
prokaryote
A cell without a nucleus
endospore
forms when conditions are bad for a bacterium
AP Biology Pre-Assessment
Hydrophobic compounds
Organic compounds
Adenosine triphosphate
Carbohydrates
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Compounds containing carbon
molecule storing potential "free energy" for the cell
compounds that serve as fuel and building material for the cell
Hydrophobic compounds
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Organic compounds
Compounds containing carbon
56 terms
AP Biology Cell and Organelles
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
12 terms
AP Biology; Meiosis and Mitosis
Prophase One
Metaphase One
Anaphase One
Telophase and Cytokinesis One
* Chromosomes condense ... * Paired homologous chromosomes becom…
* Pairs of homologous chromosomes are lined at the metaphase…
* Breakdown of proteins allow chromosomes to separate ... * The…
* Completion of the duplication of chromosomes. Cytokinesis i…
Prophase One
* Chromosomes condense ... * Paired homologous chromosomes becom…
Metaphase One
* Pairs of homologous chromosomes are lined at the metaphase…
50 terms
AP Biology Evolution
Lamarck
Darwin
Wallace
adaptation
scientist that believed inheritance of acquired characteristics
known for proposing the natural selection and survival of the…
proposed natural selection at the same time as Darwin, but wa…
trait that helps an organism be more suited to the environment
Lamarck
scientist that believed inheritance of acquired characteristics
Darwin
known for proposing the natural selection and survival of the…
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