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702 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
34 terms
Cells - AP Biology
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Theory of Endosymbiosis
Nucleus
Cells with no nuclear or internal membranes
Cells with internal membranes (e.g., nucleus, organelles)
Chloroplasts and mitochondria were formerly tiny prokaryotes…
Contains chromosomes; surrounded by selectively permeable mem…
Prokaryotes
Cells with no nuclear or internal membranes
Eukaryotes
Cells with internal membranes (e.g., nucleus, organelles)
37 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that form the e…
A membrane that allows certain molecules or ions to pass thro…
consist of a glycerol molecule, two fatty acids, and a phosph…
primary macromolecules found in membranes
plasma membrane
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that form the e…
selectively permeable
A membrane that allows certain molecules or ions to pass thro…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
41 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 12
anaphase
anchorage dependence
aster
benign tumor
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
a radial array of short microtubules that extends from each c…
a mass of abnormal cells that remains at the site of origin
anaphase
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
anchorage dependence
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
32 terms
Heredity - AP Biology
Purebred
Hybrid
Tt x Tt
Law of segregation
Homozygous (BB or bb)
Heterozygous (Bb)
25% TT; 50% Tt; 25% tt... 75% Dominant Phenotype; 25% Recessive…
During the formation of gametes (meiosis), the two opposing t…
Purebred
Homozygous (BB or bb)
Hybrid
Heterozygous (Bb)
43 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
26 terms
Biochemistry - AP Biology
Polar Molecule
Hydrophilic
Nonpolar Molecule
Hydrophobic
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Water loving
A symmetrical or balanced molecule with no charge; hydrophobi…
Water fearing
Polar Molecule
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Hydrophilic
Water loving
24 terms
AP Biology-Chapter 6-Cell
cell
Electron Microscope
cytosol
prokaryotic cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
semi fluid within the membrane
-no nucleus... -organisms of the domains bacteria and archaea... -h…
cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
Electron Microscope
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1-5
What's the difference between a prokar…
Difference between starch and cellulose
Secondary protein structure
Storage polysaccharides
Prokaryotes don't have nucleus or other membrane bound organe…
starch has alpha glycosidic linkages whereas cellulose has be…
interaction of backbone, hydrogen bonding causing alpha helix…
starch, glycogen- alpha glycosidic linkages
What's the difference between a prokar…
Prokaryotes don't have nucleus or other membrane bound organe…
Difference between starch and cellulose
starch has alpha glycosidic linkages whereas cellulose has be…
24 terms
Hormones - AP Biology
Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
Anterior pituitary
Growth Hormone
System that releases hormones from glands into the blood stream
Bridge between the endocrine and nervous system; contains the…
Secretes hormones growth hormone, LH, FSH, TSH, and ACTH
Stimulates bone growth
Endocrine System
System that releases hormones from glands into the blood stream
Hypothalamus
Bridge between the endocrine and nervous system; contains the…
36 terms
AP Biology Unit 9 Evolution
Binomial System
Kingdom
Morphology/ Morphologic
Anatomy
Two name system used to identify organisms.
largest taxonomic group in eukarya
External structure of an organism
Internal structure of an organism or character
Binomial System
Two name system used to identify organisms.
Kingdom
largest taxonomic group in eukarya
69 terms
AP Biology - Cells
plasma membrane
saturated fatty acid membrane
unsaturated fatty acid membrane
selectively permeable
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
packed tight; rigid membrane
not packed tight; flexible membrane
allows: small, unchanged, polar molecules; hydrophobic molecu…
plasma membrane
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
saturated fatty acid membrane
packed tight; rigid membrane
20 terms
Nervous System - AP Biology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Brain and spinal cord
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
system that controls the excitatory response
system that controls calming response
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
22 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 13
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
14 terms
MHS AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
19 terms
AP Biology: Behavioral Biology Vocabulary
Ethology
Fixed action pattern (FAP)
Sign stimulus
Learning
the study of animal behavior in natural conditions.
a sequence of behavioral acts that is especially unchangeable…
a FAP that is triggered by an external sensory stimulus.
the modification of behavior (behavioral change) resulting fr…
Ethology
the study of animal behavior in natural conditions.
Fixed action pattern (FAP)
a sequence of behavioral acts that is especially unchangeable…
110 terms
AP Biology: Big Idea 3
Hershey-Chase Experiment
Frederick Griffith
Erwin Chargaff
Avery, MacLeod, McCarty
Experiment that showed that only the DNA enters a bacterial c…
This person discovered transformation during an experiment th…
Discovered that DNA composition varies, but the amount of ade…
Determined that DNA was Griffith's "Transforming Factor."
Hershey-Chase Experiment
Experiment that showed that only the DNA enters a bacterial c…
Frederick Griffith
This person discovered transformation during an experiment th…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
36 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Acid
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic symbol
Solution in which a substance will dissociate in water nmakin…
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
sum of protons and neutrons, or, average of atom mass units f…
One or two letters that represent the name of an element
Acid
Solution in which a substance will dissociate in water nmakin…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
737 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Does not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Does not mix with water.
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 11
Monohybrid Cross
Locus
Alleles
Dominant Allele
Cross between parents that differ in only one trait.
The physical condition of a trait or gene on a chromosome.
Alternative form of a gene; occur at the same locus on homolo…
Allele that exerts it's phenotypic effect in the heterozygote…
Monohybrid Cross
Cross between parents that differ in only one trait.
Locus
The physical condition of a trait or gene on a chromosome.
66 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
Evolution
DNA
Biology
Emergent properties
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
The scientific study of life
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 12 Terms
GENETIC MATERIAL MUST BE
DNA
STRUCTURE OF DNA
CHARGAFF'S RULES
1.)ABLE TO STORE INFORMATION THAT PERTAINS TO THE DEVELOPMENT…
IS THE TRANSFORMING SUBSTANCE AND THE GENETIC MATERIAL
CONTAINS FOUR DIFFERENT TYPES OF NUCLEOTIDES:TWO WITH PURINE…
THE PERCENTAGE OF A ALWAYS EQUALS THE PERCENTAGE OF T,THE PER…
GENETIC MATERIAL MUST BE
1.)ABLE TO STORE INFORMATION THAT PERTAINS TO THE DEVELOPMENT…
DNA
IS THE TRANSFORMING SUBSTANCE AND THE GENETIC MATERIAL
80 terms
AP Biology Unit 2: The Cell
plasma membrane
organelles
nucleus
ribosome
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
plasma membrane
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
organelles
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
42 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 2
Biology
Element
Compound
C.O.H.N
A multidisciplinary science
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio
Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen make up 96% of living…
Biology
A multidisciplinary science
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
64 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
cell diagram
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed compartments
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
cell in which most DNA is found in the nucleus
cell diagram
organelles
membrane-enclosed compartments
46 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 7
Cell membrane
Amphipathic
Fluid mosaic model
Phospholipids
Consists of lipids and proteins and it is selectively permiable
Phospholipids-both hydrophobic and hydrophilic
Membrane is a fluid structure
Constantly move laterally
Cell membrane
Consists of lipids and proteins and it is selectively permiable
Amphipathic
Phospholipids-both hydrophobic and hydrophilic
23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
67 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
Adaptation
Animal (characteristics)
Binomial nomenclature
Biodiversity
A species modification in structure, function, or behavior th…
Multicellular, eukaryote undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve final f…
Scientific name of an organism, the first part designates the…
Total number of species, variability of their genes, & commun…
Adaptation
A species modification in structure, function, or behavior th…
Animal (characteristics)
Multicellular, eukaryote undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve final f…
37 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 24
Speciation
Microevolution
Macroevolution
A SPECIES is defined by:
1) origin of new species... 2) focal point of evolutionary theor…
1) consists of adaptations that evolve within population, con…
1) evolutionary change ABOVE the species level... 2) not directl…
morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and DNA sequences when…
Speciation
1) origin of new species... 2) focal point of evolutionary theor…
Microevolution
1) consists of adaptations that evolve within population, con…
44 terms
AP Biology Final Exam Review
common ancestor
biological species concept
ecological species concept
morphological species concept
According to Darwin's theory of evolution: The shared ancesto…
a species concept defining a species as a population or group…
concept that defines a species according to its ecological ni…
A definition of species in terms of measurable anatomical cri…
common ancestor
According to Darwin's theory of evolution: The shared ancesto…
biological species concept
a species concept defining a species as a population or group…
41 terms
AP Biology Chapter 12
anaphase
anchorage dependence
aster
benign tumor
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
a radial array of short microtubules that extends from each c…
a mass of abnormal cells that remains at the site of origin
anaphase
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
anchorage dependence
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
42 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
saturated lipids
unsaturated lipids
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
more fluid at warm, tend to freeze at cold (solid)
more fluid at cold due to the kinks (double bonds), prevents…
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
68 terms
AP Psychology Biology of Psychology
Acetylcholine (ach)
Action potential
Adrenal glands
Agonist
A neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also…
A neural impulse: a brief electrical charge that travels down…
A pair of endocrine glands just above the kidneys. The adrena…
Excite neurons by mimicking natural neurotransmitters or bloc…
Acetylcholine (ach)
A neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also…
Action potential
A neural impulse: a brief electrical charge that travels down…
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Species
Reproductive Isolation
Temporal Isolation
Behavioral Isolation
The ability to interbreed in nature and produce viable, ferti…
Pre-zygotic: before zygote... Post-zygotic: after zygote
Pre-zygotic. Differences in timing of breeding cycles prevent…
Pre-zygotic. Differences in courtship behaviors prevent matin…
Species
The ability to interbreed in nature and produce viable, ferti…
Reproductive Isolation
Pre-zygotic: before zygote... Post-zygotic: after zygote
90 terms
AP Biology Macromolecules and Enzymes vocabulary
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
enzyme
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecule
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
20 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 15
Radiometric dating
Continental drift
Pangaea
Plate tectonics
A method that uses the decay of radioactive isotopes to deter…
The idea that all land on Earth was once one great mass but t…
The name of the original supercontinent
Describes the forces involved in the movement of Earth's plat…
Radiometric dating
A method that uses the decay of radioactive isotopes to deter…
Continental drift
The idea that all land on Earth was once one great mass but t…
27 terms
AP Biology
What are the Organic Molecules?
What do all organic molecules contain
What is special about carbon?
Functional Groups
-Carbohydrates... -Lipids... -Nucleic Acids... -Proteins
carbon and hydrogen
-Four valence electrons=four possible bonds... -Can bond with it…
specific combinations of atoms that determine reactivity and…
What are the Organic Molecules?
-Carbohydrates... -Lipids... -Nucleic Acids... -Proteins
What do all organic molecules contain
carbon and hydrogen
45 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 3
Large
Kinetic energy
Heat
Temperature
Water can absorb or release a ______ amount of heat with only…
the energy of motion
total kinetic energy in a substance due to molecular motion
Average kinetic energy of molecules
Large
Water can absorb or release a ______ amount of heat with only…
Kinetic energy
the energy of motion
32 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 36
phyllotaxy
Leaf area index
Mycorrhizae
Transport protein
The arrangement of leaves on the stem (This is specific to ea…
The ratio of total upper leaf surface area of a plant divided…
The symbiotic association between roots and the hyphae of soi…
Embedded in the cell membrane-most solutes pass through this
phyllotaxy
The arrangement of leaves on the stem (This is specific to ea…
Leaf area index
The ratio of total upper leaf surface area of a plant divided…
36 terms
AP Biology Unit 2 The Cell
Nucleus
Endosymbiosis
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)
A DOUBLE membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains D…
The hypothesis that suggests that unicellular organisms (the…
Part of the endomembrane system. ... Lipids are synthesized, cal…
An endomembrane system covered with ribosomes where many prot…
Nucleus
A DOUBLE membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains D…
Endosymbiosis
The hypothesis that suggests that unicellular organisms (the…
48 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Genome
Chromosomes
- The reproduction of cells. ... - The continuity of life is bas…
- The life of a cell from the time it is first formed from a…
- A genome is a cells endowment of DNA (genetic information).…
- DNA is packaged into these structures. ... - Each eukaryotic c…
Cell Division
- The reproduction of cells. ... - The continuity of life is bas…
Cell Cycle
- The life of a cell from the time it is first formed from a…
52 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 25
Fossil Record shows macroevolutionary…
Possible order of Formation on Earth:
Synthesis of Organic Compounds:
Abiotic Synthesis of Macromolecules:
1) emergence of terrestrial vertebrates... 2) origins of photosy…
1) Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules... 2) Joining of…
1) Early earth formed~ 4.6 bya... 2) Early atmosphere~ water vap…
1) small organic form polymers (polymerize) when they are con…
Fossil Record shows macroevolutionary…
1) emergence of terrestrial vertebrates... 2) origins of photosy…
Possible order of Formation on Earth:
1) Abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules... 2) Joining of…
62 terms
AP Biology Molecular Biology Set
Fredrick Griffith
Oswald Avery
Helicase
DNA Polymerase
Discovered a process called transformation: genetic material…
Demonstrated that DNA, not protein, is the heredity material…
enzyme which "unzips" (splits) the two strands of DNA
enzyme which adds one DNA nucleotide at a time in DNA replica…
Fredrick Griffith
Discovered a process called transformation: genetic material…
Oswald Avery
Demonstrated that DNA, not protein, is the heredity material…
45 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Water
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
60 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4
Organic Compound
vitalism --> mechanism
Macromolecules
Bonds with carbon
- Compound containing carbon.... - Different species and individ…
- vitalism is belief in a life force outside jurisdiction of…
- Huge molecules. ... - Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucl…
- Carbon usually forms single or double covalent bonds.... - Eac…
Organic Compound
- Compound containing carbon.... - Different species and individ…
vitalism --> mechanism
- vitalism is belief in a life force outside jurisdiction of…
15 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4
Hydroxyl Group
Carbonyl Group
Carboxyl Group
Amino Group
-is polar due to electronegative oxygen.... -forms hydrogen bond…
-sugars with ketone groups are called ketoses; those with ald…
-acts as an acid (can donate H+) because the covalent bond be…
-acts as a base; can pick up an H+ from the surrounding solut…
Hydroxyl Group
-is polar due to electronegative oxygen.... -forms hydrogen bond…
Carbonyl Group
-sugars with ketone groups are called ketoses; those with ald…
310 terms
AP Biology Exam Terms
functional groups
fat
saturated fats
unsaturated fats
amino (NH2), carbonyl (RCOR), carboxyl (COOH), hydroxyl (OH),…
glycerol and three fatty acids
bad for you; animals and some plants have it; solidifies at r…
better for you, plants have it; liquifies at room temp.
functional groups
amino (NH2), carbonyl (RCOR), carboxyl (COOH), hydroxyl (OH),…
fat
glycerol and three fatty acids
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