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Study sets matching "ap by people government politics"

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Study sets matching "ap by people government politics"

95 terms
AP US Government - People and Politics
Almost all definitions of political pa…
American political parties tend to tak…
In blanket primaries,
Party realignments in the United States
Parties try to win elections
because most of the American electorate are centrist (moderat…
voters may vote for candidates from either party; select for…
a rare events in the United States usually associated with a…
Almost all definitions of political pa…
Parties try to win elections
American political parties tend to tak…
because most of the American electorate are centrist (moderat…
102 terms
AP Government Vocab People and Politics
1. Public opinion
2. Demography
3. Census
4. Melting pot
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
the science of population changes.
An "actual enumeration" of the population, which the constitu…
A term often used to characterize the United States, with its…
1. Public opinion
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
2. Demography
the science of population changes.
9 terms
AP Government and Politics - Important People
President
Vice President
Speaker of House
Chief Justice
Barack Obama
Joe Biden
John Boehner
John Roberts
President
Barack Obama
Vice President
Joe Biden
20 terms
AP Government and Politics -- Important People
President
Vice President
Secretary of State
Secretary of Treasury
Barack Obama
Joe Biden
John Kerry
Jack Lew
President
Barack Obama
Vice President
Joe Biden
24 terms
AP Government and Politics: People, Politics, and Participation
authoritarianism
capitalism
citizen
conservation
government in which ruler is an absolute dictator
an economic system based on the private ownership of assets
a native or naturalized member of a state
careful management of the environment and natural resources
authoritarianism
government in which ruler is an absolute dictator
capitalism
an economic system based on the private ownership of assets
23 terms
AP Government "Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy" Chapter 4 Cases
Barron v. Baltimore
Gitlow v. New York
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Zelman v. Simmons-Harris
the 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the bill of righ…
the 1925 supreme court decision holding that freedoms of pres…
the 1971 supreme court decision that established that aid to…
The 2002 Supreme Court decision that upheld a state providing…
Barron v. Baltimore
the 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the bill of righ…
Gitlow v. New York
the 1925 supreme court decision holding that freedoms of pres…
23 terms
AP Government "Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy" Chapter 4 Cases
Barron v. Baltimore
Gitlow v. New York
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Zelman v. Simmons-Harris
the 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the bill of righ…
the 1925 supreme court decision holding that freedoms of pres…
the 1971 supreme court decision that established that aid to…
The 2002 Supreme Court decision that upheld a state providing…
Barron v. Baltimore
the 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the bill of righ…
Gitlow v. New York
the 1925 supreme court decision holding that freedoms of pres…
67 terms
ap government unit 2: people and politics
political party
two-party system
political socialization
party identification
A group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
A political system dominated by two major parties
Complex process by which people get their sense of political…
An informal and subjective affiliation with a political party…
political party
A group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
two-party system
A political system dominated by two major parties
17 terms
AP Government Chapter 6 People and Politics
Divisive Opinion
Nonopinion
Political Socialization
Peer Groups
Public opinion that is polarized between 2 quite different po…
The lack of an opinion on an issue or policy among the majority
The process by which people acquire political beliefs and att…
Groups consisting of members sharing common social characteri…
Divisive Opinion
Public opinion that is polarized between 2 quite different po…
Nonopinion
The lack of an opinion on an issue or policy among the majority
21 terms
Government In America: People, Politics, and Policy. (AP Government) CHAPTER 9 VOCABULARY
Nomination
Campaign Strategy
National Party Convention
McGovern-Fraser Commission
The official endorsement of a candidate for office by a polit…
The master game plan candidates lay out to guide their electo…
The supreme power within each of the parties. The convention…
A commission formed at the 1968 Democratic convention in resp…
Nomination
The official endorsement of a candidate for office by a polit…
Campaign Strategy
The master game plan candidates lay out to guide their electo…
45 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Government (chapter 1)
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Democracy (chapter 1)
Political Culture (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing governme…
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
Government (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
23 terms
AP Government "Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy" Chapter 4 Cases
Barron v. Baltimore
Gitlow v. New York
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Zelman v. Simmons-Harris
the 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the bill of righ…
the 1925 supreme court decision holding that freedoms of pres…
the 1971 supreme court decision that established that aid to…
The 2002 Supreme Court decision that upheld a state providing…
Barron v. Baltimore
the 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the bill of righ…
Gitlow v. New York
the 1925 supreme court decision holding that freedoms of pres…
130 terms
AP Government and Politics
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
Term
•affirmative action.
•amendment (constitutional).
...
Definition
Policy or program designed to redress historic injustices com…
Changes in, or additions to, a constitution. Proposed by a tw…
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
...
Term
Definition
20 terms
AP Government "Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy" Chapter 4 Cases
Barron v. Baltimore
Gitlow v. New York
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Zelman v. Simmons-Harris
the 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the bill of righ…
the 1925 supreme court decision holding that freedoms of pres…
the 1971 supreme court decision that established that aid to…
The 2002 Supreme Court decision that upheld a state providing…
Barron v. Baltimore
the 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the bill of righ…
Gitlow v. New York
the 1925 supreme court decision holding that freedoms of pres…
1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
396 terms
AP US Government and Politics
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
226 terms
AP government and politics Presidency and Bureaucracy
independent Regulatory Agencies
Federal Communications Commissions
Central Intelligence Agency
thickening
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
an independent agency of the United States government respons…
becoming more intricate or complex
independent Regulatory Agencies
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
Federal Communications Commissions
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
26 terms
AP Government & Political Science
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Declaration of Independence (1776)
Articles of Confederation (1781-1789)
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
Ideas taken from Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu... Locke's pri…
State governments stronger than central government... No chief…
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
23 terms
AP US Government: Chapter 1 People, Politics, & Participation
Politics
Technology... World Events
computers... cellular
information
Why Should You Study American Democracy Now?... - ___________ pr…
What's Changed? ... -________________: communication & informati…
How Technology Has Changed Politics:... -High speed ___________,…
-__________________ sources: Twitter, Facebook, Internet-base…
Politics
Why Should You Study American Democracy Now?... - ___________ pr…
Technology... World Events
What's Changed? ... -________________: communication & informati…
23 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 17 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition: People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Capitalism
Mixed Economy
Multinational Corporations
Securities and Exchange Commission
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not…
An economic system in which the government is deeply involved…
Businesses with vast holdings in many countries.... (pg. 504)... E…
The federal agency created during the New Deal that regulates…
Capitalism
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not…
Mixed Economy
An economic system in which the government is deeply involved…
35 terms
AP US Government: Chapter 1 People, Politics, & Participation Vocabulary
Politics
Efficacy
Civic Engagement
Political Engagement
Process of deciding who gets the benefits in society and who…
Person's belief that they have the ability to achieve somethi…
Individual and collective actions designed to identify and ad…
Comes in many different forms such as voting, contributing mo…
Politics
Process of deciding who gets the benefits in society and who…
Efficacy
Person's belief that they have the ability to achieve somethi…
23 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 17 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition: People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Capitalism
Mixed Economy
Multinational Corporations
Securities and Exchange Commission
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not…
An economic system in which the government is deeply involved…
Businesses with vast holdings in many countries.... (pg. 504)... E…
The federal agency created during the New Deal that regulates…
Capitalism
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not…
Mixed Economy
An economic system in which the government is deeply involved…
31 terms
AP Government and Politics - S
symbolic speech
supply-side theory
superdelegates
straight ticket
An act that conveys a political message
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to t…
Voting for candidates of the same party.
symbolic speech
An act that conveys a political message
supply-side theory
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
18 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 18 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition: People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Social Welfare Policies
Entitlement Programs
Means-Tested Programs
Income Distribution
Policies that provide benefits, cash or in-kind, to individua…
Government programs providing benefits to qualified individua…
Government programs providing benefits only to individuals wh…
The way the national income is divided into "shares" ranging…
Social Welfare Policies
Policies that provide benefits, cash or in-kind, to individua…
Entitlement Programs
Government programs providing benefits to qualified individua…
39 terms
AP Government and Politics - C
critical elections
courts of appeals
cost overruns
cost
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
When the money actually paid to military suppliers exceeds th…
A burden that people believe they must bear if a policy is en…
critical elections
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
courts of appeals
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
18 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 18 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition: People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Social Welfare Policies
Entitlement Programs
Means-Tested Programs
Income Distribution
Policies that provide benefits, cash or in-kind, to individua…
Government programs providing benefits to qualified individua…
Government programs providing benefits only to individuals wh…
The way the national income is divided into "shares" ranging…
Social Welfare Policies
Policies that provide benefits, cash or in-kind, to individua…
Entitlement Programs
Government programs providing benefits to qualified individua…
46 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 4 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition: People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
First Amendment
Barron v. Baltimore
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defin…
The constitutional amendment that establishes the four great…
The 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the Bill of Righ…
Civil Liberties
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defin…
19 terms
Ch 12 Vocabulary AP Government in Am, People, Politics, and Policy
Incumbents
Casework
Pork barrel
Bicameral legislature
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, inc…
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
The mighty list of federal projects, grants, and contracts av…
A legislature divided into two houses. The US Conngress and e…
Incumbents
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, inc…
Casework
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
23 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 17 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition: People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Capitalism
Mixed Economy
Multinational Corporations
Securities and Exchange Commission
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not…
An economic system in which the government is deeply involved…
Businesses with vast holdings in many countries.... (pg. 504)... E…
The federal agency created during the New Deal that regulates…
Capitalism
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not…
Mixed Economy
An economic system in which the government is deeply involved…
19 terms
Government and Politics AS Unit 1 People and Politics
What is Democracy?
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Parlimentary Democracy
Any system of government where the people have access to inde…
A form of government in which citizens rule directly (people…
A system of government in which citizens elect representative…
A form of goverment in which voters elect repersenatives to a…
What is Democracy?
Any system of government where the people have access to inde…
Direct Democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly (people…
12 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 10 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition, People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Legitimacy
Referendum
Initiative Petition
Suffrage
A characterization of elections by political scientists meani…
A state-level method of direct legislation that gives voters…
A process permitted in some states whereby voters may put pro…
The legal right to vote, in the United States gradually exten…
Legitimacy
A characterization of elections by political scientists meani…
Referendum
A state-level method of direct legislation that gives voters…
24 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 5 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition, People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Civil Rights
Fourteenth Amendment
Equal Protection of the Laws
Scott v. Stanford
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
The constitutional amendment adopted after the Civil War that…
Part of the Fourteenth Amendment emphasizing that the laws mu…
The 1857 Supreme Court decision ruling that a slave who had e…
Civil Rights
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
Fourteenth Amendment
The constitutional amendment adopted after the Civil War that…
21 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 9 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition, People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Nomination
Campaign Strategy
National Party Convention
McGovern-Fraser Commission
The official endorsement of a candidate for office by a polit…
The master game plan candidates lay out to guide their electo…
The supreme power within each of the parties. The convention…
A commission formed at the 1968 Democratic convention in resp…
Nomination
The official endorsement of a candidate for office by a polit…
Campaign Strategy
The master game plan candidates lay out to guide their electo…
18 terms
Government in America People, Politics, and Policy Thirteenth Edition *AP Edition
social welfare policies
entitlement programs
means-tested programs
income distribution
Policies that provide benefits, cash or in-kind, to individua…
Government programs providing benefits to qualified individua…
Government programs providing benefits only to individuals wh…
The way the national income is divided into "shares" ranging…
social welfare policies
Policies that provide benefits, cash or in-kind, to individua…
entitlement programs
Government programs providing benefits to qualified individua…
20 terms
Ch 11 Vocabulary AP Government in Am, People, Politics, and Policy
interest group
pluralist theory
elite theory
hyperpluralist theory
An organization of people with shared policy goals entering t…
A theory of govt. and politics emphasizing that politics is m…
A theory of govt and politics contending that societies are d…
A theory of govt and politics contending that groups are so s…
interest group
An organization of people with shared policy goals entering t…
pluralist theory
A theory of govt. and politics emphasizing that politics is m…
51 terms
AP Government- Political Parties
Define Political Party
What are common usages of the term "Po…
Define Party Organization
Define One-Party System
-Voluntary association of people who seek to elect officials…
-To refer to voters who identify with the party... -To refer to…
-People who work to strengthen the party by raising money, re…
-Only one party is allowed or one party dominates the system…
Define Political Party
-Voluntary association of people who seek to elect officials…
What are common usages of the term "Po…
-To refer to voters who identify with the party... -To refer to…
20 terms
AP Government and Politics Exam
Standing Committee
Judicial Restraint
Judicial Activism
Plurality Elections
the permanent congressional committees that handle legislation
philosophy that courts should defer to elected lawmakers in s…
philosophy that courts should have an active role in solving…
like congress elections are won by the person with the most v…
Standing Committee
the permanent congressional committees that handle legislation
Judicial Restraint
philosophy that courts should defer to elected lawmakers in s…
37 terms
THE POLITICAL PLAYBOOK - AP Government and Politics
Speaker of the House
House Majority Leader
House Majority Whip
House Minority Leader
Rep. John Boehner (R-OH)
Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA)
Rep. Steve Scalise (R-LA)
Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA)
Speaker of the House
Rep. John Boehner (R-OH)
House Majority Leader
Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA)
266 terms
AP Government and Politics
Second Continental Congress (May 1775)
natural rights
social contract
Pennsylvania Plan
• created a postal system... • established a Continental Army... •…
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
people create governments to protect their rights; when gov't…
• unicameral legislature whose members served limited terms... •…
Second Continental Congress (May 1775)
• created a postal system... • established a Continental Army... •…
natural rights
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
12 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 10 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition, People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Legitimacy
Referendum
Initiative Petition
Suffrage
A characterization of elections by political scientists meani…
A state-level method of direct legislation that gives voters…
A process permitted in some states whereby voters may put pro…
The legal right to vote, in the United States gradually exten…
Legitimacy
A characterization of elections by political scientists meani…
Referendum
A state-level method of direct legislation that gives voters…
18 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 18 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition: People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Social Welfare Policies
Entitlement Programs
Means-Tested Programs
Income Distribution
Policies that provide benefits, cash or in-kind, to individua…
Government programs providing benefits to qualified individua…
Government programs providing benefits only to individuals wh…
The way the national income is divided into "shares" ranging…
Social Welfare Policies
Policies that provide benefits, cash or in-kind, to individua…
Entitlement Programs
Government programs providing benefits to qualified individua…
26 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 8 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, *AP Edition, People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Party Competition
Political Party
Linkage Institutions
Rational-Choice Theory
The battle of the parties for control of public offices.
According to Anothony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seeki…
The channels through which people's concerns become political…
A popular theory in political science to explain the actions…
Party Competition
The battle of the parties for control of public offices.
Political Party
According to Anothony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seeki…
23 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 17 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition: People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Capitalism
Mixed Economy
Multinational Corporations
Securities and Exchange Commission
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not…
An economic system in which the government is deeply involved…
Businesses with vast holdings in many countries.
The federal agency created during the New Deal that regulates…
Capitalism
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not…
Mixed Economy
An economic system in which the government is deeply involved…
26 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 8 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, *AP Edition, People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Party Competition
Political Party
Linkage Institutions
Rational-Choice Theory
The battle of the parties for control of public offices.
According to Anothony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seeki…
The channels through which people's concerns become political…
A popular theory in political science to explain the actions…
Party Competition
The battle of the parties for control of public offices.
Political Party
According to Anothony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seeki…
39 terms
AP Government: Political Parties
Political Party
Direct Primary
National Convention
National Committee
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who wil…
A national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuse…
One of the institutions that keep the party operating between…
Political Party
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
Direct Primary
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who wil…
23 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 17 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition: People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Capitalism
Mixed Economy
Multinational Corporations
Securities and Exchange Commission
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not…
An economic system in which the government is deeply involved…
Businesses with vast holdings in many countries.... (pg. 504)... E…
The federal agency created during the New Deal that regulates…
Capitalism
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not…
Mixed Economy
An economic system in which the government is deeply involved…
23 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 17 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition: People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Capitalism
Mixed Economy
Multinational Corporations
Securities and Exchange Commission
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not…
An economic system in which the government is deeply involved…
Businesses with vast holdings in many countries.... (pg. 504)... E…
The federal agency created during the New Deal that regulates…
Capitalism
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not…
Mixed Economy
An economic system in which the government is deeply involved…
596 terms
AP Government & Politics Final
Engel v. Vitale
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Stone v. Graham
Abington Township Sch. District v. Sch…
ruled prayer unconstitutional in public schools
Lemon test- cannot use any tax money to advance religion (spe…
10 commandments could no longer hang on the walls in public s…
School sponsored bible reading is not allowed.
Engel v. Vitale
ruled prayer unconstitutional in public schools
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Lemon test- cannot use any tax money to advance religion (spe…
227 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
"Coattails Effect"
"Horse-Race"Journalism
"Leaking" a story
"Rank and File"
the ability of a presidential candidate to pull members of th…
Election coverage by the mass media that focuses on which can…
releasing information that is supposed to be kept confidential
These voters are registered as a party member but only partic…
"Coattails Effect"
the ability of a presidential candidate to pull members of th…
"Horse-Race"Journalism
Election coverage by the mass media that focuses on which can…
12 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 19 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition: People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Health Maintenance Organization
Medicare
Medicaid
National Health Insurance
Organization contracted by individuals or insurance companies…
A program added to the Social Security system in 1965 that pr…
A public assistance program designed to provide health care f…
A compulsory insurance program for all Americans that would h…
Health Maintenance Organization
Organization contracted by individuals or insurance companies…
Medicare
A program added to the Social Security system in 1965 that pr…
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