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Study sets matching "ap chapter 11"

AP World History - Chapter 11
Abbasid caliphate
al-Andalus
Anatolia
Battle of Talas River
Dynasty of caliphs who ruled an increasingly fragmented Islam…
Arabic name for Spain (literally "the land of the Vandals"),…
Ancient name of Asia Minor, part of the Byzantine Empire that…
Arab victory over the Chinese in 751 C.E. that checked Chines…
Abbasid caliphate
Dynasty of caliphs who ruled an increasingly fragmented Islam…
al-Andalus
Arabic name for Spain (literally "the land of the Vandals"),…
112 terms
Chapter 11 AP1
temporal lobe
parietal lobe
frontal lobe
frontal lobe
Auditory area
Primary sensory cortex
Somatic motor cortex
Motor speech area
temporal lobe
Auditory area
parietal lobe
Primary sensory cortex
17 terms
AP Chapter 11 Cell Communication
Signal transduction pathways
Local regulators
Hormones
Ligand
A mechanism linking a mechanical or chemical stimulus to a sp…
Messenger molecules secreted by the signaling cell which only…
One of many types of secreted chemicals that are formed in sp…
A molecule that binds specifically to another molecule, usual…
Signal transduction pathways
A mechanism linking a mechanical or chemical stimulus to a sp…
Local regulators
Messenger molecules secreted by the signaling cell which only…
40 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 11 - Motivation
Motivation
Four Aspects for Motivation
Instincts
Drive-Reduction Theory
a need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towar…
Instinct Theory (replaced by the evolutionary perspective), D…
complex behaviors that have fixed patterns throughout differe…
physiological need creates and aroused tension state that mot…
Motivation
a need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towar…
Four Aspects for Motivation
Instinct Theory (replaced by the evolutionary perspective), D…
47 terms
AP Bio Chapter 11
Evolution of Cell Signaling
Evolution of Cell Signaling 2
What does the Concentration of signali…
Local Signaling
The yeast has two mating types ... Cells of different mating typ…
pathway similarities suggest ancestral signaling molecules ev…
bacteria to sense local population of density in a process ca…
animal and plant cells have cell junctions that directly conn…
Evolution of Cell Signaling
The yeast has two mating types ... Cells of different mating typ…
Evolution of Cell Signaling 2
pathway similarities suggest ancestral signaling molecules ev…
42 terms
AP Statistics: Chapter 11
t-distribution
t score formula (single sample or matc…
Degrees of freedom
Confidence interval formula
●Used when the population standard deviation is unknown... ●Ther…
see that s replaces σ
●n-1... ●As d.f. increases, the t distribution behaves more and…
x̄ +- t* σ/√n
t-distribution
●Used when the population standard deviation is unknown... ●Ther…
t score formula (single sample or matc…
see that s replaces σ
42 terms
AP Psychology | Chapter 11- Motivation
Motivation
Instinct
Drive
Drive-Reduction Theory
A need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towar…
A fixed pattern of behavior that is not acquired by learning…
An aroused/tense state related to a physical need such as hun…
The idea that humans are motivated to reduce drives, such as…
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towar…
Instinct
A fixed pattern of behavior that is not acquired by learning…
48 terms
Chapter 11 AP Biology
signal transduction pathway
yeast
paracrine signaling
synaptic signaling
the process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
cell sends a signal to find a mate
signal diffuses locally; cancer cells sending growth hormone…
neurotransmitters diffuse across synapses; when neurons contr…
signal transduction pathway
the process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
yeast
cell sends a signal to find a mate
108 terms
AP Psych Chapter 11
motivation
4 perspectives on motivated behaviour
instinct
drive-reduction theory
need/desire that energizes and directs behaviour
instinct theory (replaced by evolutionary perspective)... -----f…
complex behaviour with fixed, rigid patterns throughout a spe…
physiological need (water,food) creates an aroused state that…
motivation
need/desire that energizes and directs behaviour
4 perspectives on motivated behaviour
instinct theory (replaced by evolutionary perspective)... -----f…
48 terms
Chapter 11 AP Biology
signal transduction pathway
yeast
paracrine signaling
synaptic signaling
the process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
cell sends a signal to find a mate
signal diffuses locally; cancer cells sending growth hormone…
neurotransmitters diffuse across synapses; when neurons contr…
signal transduction pathway
the process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
yeast
cell sends a signal to find a mate
6 terms
Chapter 11: Understanding Randomness (AP Stats)
Random
Generating Random Numbers
Simulation
Simulation Component
If we know all of the possible values it can have, but not wh…
These are hard to generate. You can find tables of these on t…
This models a real-world situation by using a random-digit ou…
The basic building block of the trial. It uses equally likely…
Random
If we know all of the possible values it can have, but not wh…
Generating Random Numbers
These are hard to generate. You can find tables of these on t…
23 terms
AP human geo chapter 11
Cottage industry system
Ferrous
Non-ferrous
Bulk-gaining industry
Manufacturing based in homes rather than factories
Contains alloy
Does not contain alloy
Industry input weigh more than final products
Cottage industry system
Manufacturing based in homes rather than factories
Ferrous
Contains alloy
19 terms
AP Bio Chapter 11
Type I diabetes
Type II diabetes
Paracrine signaling
Synaptic signaling
Body cannot produce insulin
Body stops responding to insulin
Vesicles fuse with cell membranes to release paracrine signal…
Neurotransmitters diffuse across synapses and cause change in…
Type I diabetes
Body cannot produce insulin
Type II diabetes
Body stops responding to insulin
14 terms
AP CS Chapter 11 Vocab
abstract class
abstract method
aggregation
aliasing
a class that defines attributes and methods for subclasses bu…
a method that is specified but not implemented in an abstract…
a common relationship between two classes in which an object…
a situation in which two or more names in a program can refer…
abstract class
a class that defines attributes and methods for subclasses bu…
abstract method
a method that is specified but not implemented in an abstract…
38 terms
AP Government in America: Chapter 11 Legislative Branch
Franking Privilege
Casework
Pork Barrel
Bicameral Legislature
The ability of members of Congress to mail letters to their c…
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
Federal projects, grants, and contracts available to state an…
A legislature divided into two houses/chambers. The U.S Congr…
Franking Privilege
The ability of members of Congress to mail letters to their c…
Casework
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
37 terms
AP World Chapter 11 Reveiw
What were the most important shared ch…
What role did warfare play in the post…
What was one of the major Mesoamerican…
How did elites of Teotihuacan legitimi…
Culture and religion
Warfare decided who claimed resources, which was a constant b…
Teotihuacan
They used religious rituals and military power
What were the most important shared ch…
Culture and religion
What role did warfare play in the post…
Warfare decided who claimed resources, which was a constant b…
39 terms
AP European History Vocab- Chapter 11 (Spielvogel)
Black Death
Decameron
Flagellants
pogroms
mid-14th century pandemic, most devastating natural disaster…
Book that describes life in 14th century Italy, captures citi…
people who wandered from town to town, whipping themselves to…
The worst organized massacre of Jews in Germany during the Bl…
Black Death
mid-14th century pandemic, most devastating natural disaster…
Decameron
Book that describes life in 14th century Italy, captures citi…
19 terms
AP World History Chapter 11
Indian
Toltecs
Aztecs
Tenochtitlan
Misnomer created by Columbus when referring to indigenous Ame…
Nomadic peoples from beyond the northern frontier of sedentar…
The Mexica; one of the nomadic tribes that penetrated into th…
Founded circa 1325 on a marshy island in Lake Texcoco; became…
Indian
Misnomer created by Columbus when referring to indigenous Ame…
Toltecs
Nomadic peoples from beyond the northern frontier of sedentar…
41 terms
AP Envi Sci chapter 11
Undernutrition
Malnutrition
Reasons for Under/malnutrition
Overnutrition
not consuming enough calories to be healthy
a person's diet lacks the correct balance of proteins, carboh…
Poverty... Political and economic factors... Agricultural resources…
too many calories and improper foods that causes a person to…
Undernutrition
not consuming enough calories to be healthy
Malnutrition
a person's diet lacks the correct balance of proteins, carboh…
34 terms
AP Human Geography Chapter 11 Agriculture Vocab
organic agriculture
agriculture
primary economic activity
secondary economic activity
approach to farming and ranching that avoids the use of herbi…
the purposeful tending of crops and livestock in order to pro…
economic activity concerned with the direct extraction of nat…
economic activity involving the processing of raw materials a…
organic agriculture
approach to farming and ranching that avoids the use of herbi…
agriculture
the purposeful tending of crops and livestock in order to pro…
39 terms
Biology in Focus (AP) Chapter 11
character
trait
true-breeding
hybridization
An observable heritable feature that may vary among individua…
One of two or more detectable variants in a genetic character.
Referring to organisms that produce offspring of the same var…
In genetics, the mating, or crossing, of two true-breeding va…
character
An observable heritable feature that may vary among individua…
trait
One of two or more detectable variants in a genetic character.
30 terms
AP Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 11
Validity (11.01)
Reliability (11.02)
Face validity (11.03)
Content Validity (11.04)
A property exhibited by a test that measures what it purports…
A property exhibited by a test that yields the same results o…
Measures whether a test looks like it tests what it is suppos…
A property exhibited by a test in which each item is represen…
Validity (11.01)
A property exhibited by a test that measures what it purports…
Reliability (11.02)
A property exhibited by a test that yields the same results o…
40 terms
Psychology AP: Chapter 11 Motivation
Motivation
Four Aspects for Motivation
Instincts
Drive-Reduction Theory
a need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towar…
Instinct Theory (replaced by the evolutionary perspective), D…
complex behaviors that have fixed patterns throughout differe…
physiological need creates and aroused tension state that mot…
Motivation
a need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towar…
Four Aspects for Motivation
Instinct Theory (replaced by the evolutionary perspective), D…
31 terms
Chapter 11 AP Biology
activator
alternative splicing
chromatin remodeling
constitutive genes
A transcription factor that stimulates transcription when it…
A process for generating different mature mRNAs from a single…
A mechanism for epigenetic gene regulation by the alteration…
Genes that are expressed all the time. (Contrast with inducib…
activator
A transcription factor that stimulates transcription when it…
alternative splicing
A process for generating different mature mRNAs from a single…
13 terms
AP World Chapter 11 & 12
castas
conquistadors
creoles
Atlantic circuit
middle-level status between Europeans and pure minorities (ma…
Early-sixteenth-century Spanish adventurers who conquered Mex…
Descendents of Spanish-born but born in Latin America; resent…
The network of trade routes connecting Europe, Africa, and th…
castas
middle-level status between Europeans and pure minorities (ma…
conquistadors
Early-sixteenth-century Spanish adventurers who conquered Mex…
10 terms
ap world chapter 11
in comparison to the mongol conquests…
what facilitated the creation of the m…
what was the results from the mongol r…
what region gained the most from the e…
was not accompanied by mongol occupation
the territories the mongols invaded were experiencing interna…
the adoption by Russian princes of the Mongol's diplomatic ri…
europe
in comparison to the mongol conquests…
was not accompanied by mongol occupation
what facilitated the creation of the m…
the territories the mongols invaded were experiencing interna…
23 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 11 Vocab
Intelligence
Factor analysis
general intelligence
savant syndrome
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
a general intelligence factor that according to Spearman and…
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental abi…
Intelligence
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
Factor analysis
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
39 terms
AP Human Geography Chapter 11
Agriculture ... pg.352
Primary Economic Activities... pg.352
Secondary Economic Activities... pg.352
Tertiary Economic Activities... pg.352
Agriculture is the deliberate tending of crops and... livestock…
Primary economic activities involve those products closest to…
Secondary economic activities are those activities that take…
Tertiary economic activities are part of the service industry…
Agriculture ... pg.352
Agriculture is the deliberate tending of crops and... livestock…
Primary Economic Activities... pg.352
Primary economic activities involve those products closest to…
36 terms
AP GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 11: PRESIDENCY
Trace the evolution of presidential po…
Describe the constitutional and statut…
Explain how the Executive Office of th…
Explain how Americans evaluate preside…
Presidential Power has increased over time because: ... - Of Ame…
Constitutional Authority of President today: ... powers derived…
Executive Office of the President: ... - The EOP has 1,800 emplo…
- Presidents popularity is based on various factors ... - Any i…
Trace the evolution of presidential po…
Presidential Power has increased over time because: ... - Of Ame…
Describe the constitutional and statut…
Constitutional Authority of President today: ... powers derived…
52 terms
AP Gov Chapter 11 Terms
appropriation
authorization
bicameralism
Blue Dog Democrats
The passage, by Congress, of a spending bill specifying the a…
A formal declaration by a legislative committee that a certai…
The division of a legislature into two separate assemblies.
Members of Congress from more moderate states or districts wh…
appropriation
The passage, by Congress, of a spending bill specifying the a…
authorization
A formal declaration by a legislative committee that a certai…
42 terms
AP World History Chapter 11
Center of postclassical civilization
Frequent invader during postclassical…
System of Manorialism
Serfs
France, Germany, and England
The Vikings
economic and political relations between landlords and peasan…
lived on manors... received protection from landlords... had to giv…
Center of postclassical civilization
France, Germany, and England
Frequent invader during postclassical…
The Vikings
13 terms
AP Government Chapter 11
earmarks
ideological interest groups
incentive
interest group
"Hidden" congressional provisions that direct the federal gov…
political organizations that attract members by appealing to…
Something of value one cannot get without joining an organiza…
An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal t…
earmarks
"Hidden" congressional provisions that direct the federal gov…
ideological interest groups
political organizations that attract members by appealing to…
66 terms
AP US History Chapter 11
Issues with the Federalists
Adams became known as...
Federalist accusations of Thomas Jeffe…
Sally Hemmings
- Alien and Sedition Acts... - Hamilton made a private pamphlet…
The Father of the American Navy
- Accused of robbing a widow and son... - Sally Hemmings relatio…
the now-proven "wife" of Thomas Jefferson
Issues with the Federalists
- Alien and Sedition Acts... - Hamilton made a private pamphlet…
Adams became known as...
The Father of the American Navy
40 terms
AP BIOLOGY - Chapter 11 Vocabulary
signal transduction pathway
quorum sensing
biofilm
local regulator
a series of changes in a number of different molecules by whi…
ability of bacterial cell to determine concentration of signa…
an aggregation of bacterial cells adhered to a surface
messenger molecules secreted by a signaling cell to influence…
signal transduction pathway
a series of changes in a number of different molecules by whi…
quorum sensing
ability of bacterial cell to determine concentration of signa…
23 terms
Myers AP Psychology Chapter 11
intelligence
factor analysis
general intelligence
savant syndrome
Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
A general intelligence factor that according to Spearman and…
A condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental abi…
intelligence
Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
factor analysis
A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
21 terms
Chapter 11 AP Statistics
Cluster R.S.
Systematic R.S.
Stratified R.S.
Multistage R.S.
- Heterogenous representative CLUSTER from population... - Best…
- Sampling using a SYSTEM to identify respondents... - "Every 10…
- Use when SUBGROUPS may DIFFER on parameter of interest... - SE…
A COMBINATION of R.S. methods
Cluster R.S.
- Heterogenous representative CLUSTER from population... - Best…
Systematic R.S.
- Sampling using a SYSTEM to identify respondents... - "Every 10…
13 terms
AP World Note Cards Chapter 11
Almoravid Empire
Black Death
Bureaucracy
Chinggis Khan (Temujin)
A religious movement arose among the western Saharan pastoral…
A catastrophic disease for Afro-Eurasian societies that kille…
political system that sustained states and empires of agricul…
The supreme leader of the Great unified Mongol Nation.... After…
Almoravid Empire
A religious movement arose among the western Saharan pastoral…
Black Death
A catastrophic disease for Afro-Eurasian societies that kille…
24 terms
AP World - Chapter 11
Toltecs
Aztecs
Tenochtitlan
Pipiltin
Nomadic peoples from beyond the northern frontier of sedentar…
The Mexica; one of the nomadic tribes that penetrated into th…
Founded circa 1325 on a marshy island in Lake Texcoco; became…
Nobility in Aztec society; formed by intermarriage of Aztecs…
Toltecs
Nomadic peoples from beyond the northern frontier of sedentar…
Aztecs
The Mexica; one of the nomadic tribes that penetrated into th…
13 terms
AP GOV: Chapter 11 Key Terms
Interest Group
Subgovernments (Iron Triangles)
Free- Rider Problem
Olsen's Law of Large Groups
An organization of people with shared policy goals entering t…
A network of groups within the American political system whic…
For a group,the problem of people not joining because they ca…
The larger the group, the further it will fall short of provi…
Interest Group
An organization of people with shared policy goals entering t…
Subgovernments (Iron Triangles)
A network of groups within the American political system whic…
58 terms
Chapter 11, AP1
tendon
fascia
superficial fascia
deep fascia
strong cord continuous at its other end with the fibrous peri…
external to muscles,bones, other organs
under the skin
surrounds deeper organs, including epimysium of muscle
tendon
strong cord continuous at its other end with the fibrous peri…
fascia
external to muscles,bones, other organs
16 terms
AP Biology Chapter 11: Cell Communication
signal transduction pathway
paracrine signaling
synaptic signaling
reception
cellular signals picked up on surface of cell, signal propaga…
cells send signals to local environment by releasing signal m…
release across small gap to an adjacent cell
when signal is received at cell's surface
signal transduction pathway
cellular signals picked up on surface of cell, signal propaga…
paracrine signaling
cells send signals to local environment by releasing signal m…
46 terms
AP European History: Chapter 11
Vernacular
Secular
Papacy
Laity
the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people in a pa…
not connected to religion
the office of the pope of the Catholic Church
ordinary people of the church, not clergy
Vernacular
the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people in a pa…
Secular
not connected to religion
13 terms
AP World History Chapter 11
Indian
Toltecs
Aztecs
Tenochtitlan
misnomer created by Columbus
nomadic peoples that established capital of Tula; strong mili…
ruled Mexico Valley; overcame Toltecs in 1325, fell in 1521
center of Aztec power; capital; now modern day Mexico City
Indian
misnomer created by Columbus
Toltecs
nomadic peoples that established capital of Tula; strong mili…
13 terms
AP Government: Chapter 11 Interest Groups
Interest Groups
Lobbyist
United States v Harriss
Incentive
An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal t…
A person who tries to influence legislation on behalf of an i…
The Constitution protects the lobbying of Congress but the go…
Something of value one cannot get without joining an organiza…
Interest Groups
An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal t…
Lobbyist
A person who tries to influence legislation on behalf of an i…
22 terms
Ap Bio: Chapter 11
Constitutive genes
Inducible genes
Transcription factors
Virus
Actively expressed all the time.
Expressed only when their proteins are needed.
Control whether or not a gene is active.
Injects its genetic material into host cell.
Constitutive genes
Actively expressed all the time.
Inducible genes
Expressed only when their proteins are needed.
23 terms
AP psychology chapter 11
Intelligence
Factor analysis
General intelligence
Savant syndrome
Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
A general intelligence factor that according to spearmen and…
A condition in which a person otherwise limited and mental ab…
Intelligence
Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
Factor analysis
A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
24 terms
Ap psychology chapter 11 vocab
Intelligence
Alfred Binet
Lewis Terman
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test
a mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from expe…
*Developed the 1st intelligence test at the request of the Fr…
*Brought Binet's test to America & revised it while working a…
*1st individually administered intelligence test... *Scores were…
Intelligence
a mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from expe…
Alfred Binet
*Developed the 1st intelligence test at the request of the Fr…
13 terms
Chapter 11 - AP BIO
cell signaling in sex
signal transduction pathway
local regulators
Paracrine Signaling
-Exchange of mating factors (each type of cell secretes a mat…
when the received signal is converted into a specific cellula…
messenger molecules secreted by the signaling cell that trave…
A secreting cell acts on nearby target cells by discharging m…
cell signaling in sex
-Exchange of mating factors (each type of cell secretes a mat…
signal transduction pathway
when the received signal is converted into a specific cellula…
11 terms
AP World Chapter 11 Vocab
Carthage
Essenes
Etruscans
Latifundia
This city has existed for nearly 3,000 years, developing from…
A group of pious, ultraconservative Jews who left the Temple…
A people who inhabited Italy and ruled Rome before the Romans…
large farming estates owned by wealthy families
Carthage
This city has existed for nearly 3,000 years, developing from…
Essenes
A group of pious, ultraconservative Jews who left the Temple…
15 terms
AP Human Geography Rubenstein Chapter 11 vocab
Break-of-bulk point
Bulk-gaining Industry
Bulk-reducing Industry
Cottage Industry
A location where transfer is possible from one mode to transp…
An industry in which the final product weighs more of compris…
An industry in which the final product weighs less or compris…
Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, common…
Break-of-bulk point
A location where transfer is possible from one mode to transp…
Bulk-gaining Industry
An industry in which the final product weighs more of compris…
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