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Study sets matching "ap chapter 14"

5 terms
AP Stats: Chapter 14
General addition rule
Conditional probability
Independence (formal / informal)
General multiplication rule
For any two events (disjoint or not disjoint), A and B, the p…
A probability that takes into account a given condition.
P(BlA) = P(B) when A and B are independent(formal) two events…
If A and B are any two events, then P(A & B)=P(A) x P(B|A)
General addition rule
For any two events (disjoint or not disjoint), A and B, the p…
Conditional probability
A probability that takes into account a given condition.
40 terms
Chapter 14 and 22 APES
polarity
hydrogen bond
hydrologic cycle
surface water
one end of a molecule has a positive electrical charge and th…
the negative oxygen end of the water molecule attracted to th…
water circulating through the abiotic environment
precipitation that remains on the surface of the land and doe…
polarity
one end of a molecule has a positive electrical charge and th…
hydrogen bond
the negative oxygen end of the water molecule attracted to th…
15 terms
AP Macroeconomics chapter 14
Monetary Policy
Transactions demand
Asset Demand
Total demand for money
A central bank's changing of the money supply to influence in…
The amount of money people want to hold for use as a medium o…
The amount of money people want to hold as a store of value;…
The sum of the transactions demand for money and the asset de…
Monetary Policy
A central bank's changing of the money supply to influence in…
Transactions demand
The amount of money people want to hold for use as a medium o…
17 terms
AP World - Chapter 14
Sui Dynasty
Wendi
Yangdi
Tang Dynasty
589-618
- 589-604... - first Sui emperor ... - reunited China after Period…
- 604-618... - created Grand Canal... - assassinated 618
618-907
Sui Dynasty
589-618
Wendi
- 589-604... - first Sui emperor ... - reunited China after Period…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 14
Trait
P Generation
F1 Generation
F2 Generation
every variant for a character
-parental generation... -true breeding parents
-first filial generation... -hybrid offspring of P generation
-second filial generation... -offspring of F1 hybrids w/ self po…
Trait
every variant for a character
P Generation
-parental generation... -true breeding parents
17 terms
AP Psych Chapter 14
Health Psychology
Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)
Stress
Cataclysmic Events
The branch of psychology that investigates the psychological…
The study of the relationship among psychological factors, th…
A person's response to events that are threatening or challen…
Strong stressors that occur suddenly and typically affect man…
Health Psychology
The branch of psychology that investigates the psychological…
Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)
The study of the relationship among psychological factors, th…
32 terms
Ap Euro Chapter 14
Ethnocentrism
"God, Gold and Glory"
Conquistadors
Colony
The belief that one's ethnicity is of central importance. The…
The three motives during the age of Exploration:... God- to spre…
Spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions i…
A country or area under the full or partial political control…
Ethnocentrism
The belief that one's ethnicity is of central importance. The…
"God, Gold and Glory"
The three motives during the age of Exploration:... God- to spre…
37 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 14
border states
Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
Alexander H. Stephens
During the Civil War the term for the the states of Delaware,…
In February 1861, representatives of South Carolina, Georgia,…
He served as President of the Confederate States during the C…
He served as vice president of the Confederate States of Amer…
border states
During the Civil War the term for the the states of Delaware,…
Confederate States of America
In February 1861, representatives of South Carolina, Georgia,…
47 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 14
border states
Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
Alexander H. Stephens
During the Civil War the term for the the states of Delaware,…
In February 1861, representatives of South Carolina, Georgia,…
He served as President of the Confederate States during the C…
He served as vice president of the Confederate States of Amer…
border states
During the Civil War the term for the the states of Delaware,…
Confederate States of America
In February 1861, representatives of South Carolina, Georgia,…
28 terms
AP US History Chapter 14
Crittenden Compromise
total war
Draft (conscription)
habeas corpus
A plan proposed by Senator John J. Crittenden for a constitut…
A form of warfare that mobilizes all of a societies resources…
The system for selecting individuals for compulsory military…
A legal writ forcing government authorities to justify their…
Crittenden Compromise
A plan proposed by Senator John J. Crittenden for a constitut…
total war
A form of warfare that mobilizes all of a societies resources…
23 terms
APES Friedland Chapter 14
Water Pollution
Point Sources
Nonpoint Sources
Wastewater
pollution of the water in rivers and lakes
point, from specific location such as a pipe. Non-point, from…
broad, and diffuse areas, rather than points, from which poll…
water mixed with waste matter
Water Pollution
pollution of the water in rivers and lakes
Point Sources
point, from specific location such as a pipe. Non-point, from…
47 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 14
border states
Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
Alexander H. Stephens
During the Civil War the term for the the states of Delaware,…
In February 1861, representatives of South Carolina, Georgia,…
He served as President of the Confederate States during the C…
He served as vice president of the Confederate States of Amer…
border states
During the Civil War the term for the the states of Delaware,…
Confederate States of America
In February 1861, representatives of South Carolina, Georgia,…
60 terms
AP European History Chapter 14: Reformations and Religious Wars
Martin Luther - 3
anticlericalism - 3
papal curia - 4
clerical privileges and immunities - 4
German Catholic monk who tried to reform the Catholic Church…
opposition to clergy
pope's court in Rome
priests, monks, and nuns exempt from civic responsibilities s…
Martin Luther - 3
German Catholic monk who tried to reform the Catholic Church…
anticlericalism - 3
opposition to clergy
38 terms
AP Vocab Chapter 14
Access
Auto centered city
Bedroom communities
Central Business District (CBD)
the ability to travel between locations, such ts workplaces,…
With the rapid growth of vehicle use, cities developed automo…
commuter towns inhabited by people who drive or take public t…
in a city, the point with the greatest access to offices, ban…
Access
the ability to travel between locations, such ts workplaces,…
Auto centered city
With the rapid growth of vehicle use, cities developed automo…
50 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 14 Terms
Out-Group
Scapegoating
Social facilitating
Social loafing
Those outside the group with which an individual identifies
blaming an innocent person or a group for one's own troubles
increase in an individual's performance because of being in a…
decrease in performance because of being in a group
Out-Group
Those outside the group with which an individual identifies
Scapegoating
blaming an innocent person or a group for one's own troubles
22 terms
AP Government Chapter 14
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil Service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by party machines. A patronag…
Passes in 1883, an act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by party machines. A patronag…
33 terms
APES (Miller) Chapter 14
area strip mining
asthenosphere
contour strip mining
core
type of surface mining used where the terrain is flat. An ear…
zone within the earth's mantle made up of hot, partly melted…
form of surface mining used on hilly or mountainous terrain.…
inner zone of the earth. It consists of a solid inner core an…
area strip mining
type of surface mining used where the terrain is flat. An ear…
asthenosphere
zone within the earth's mantle made up of hot, partly melted…
34 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14
Crimean War
Treaty of Paris 1856
Hatt-i Sharif of Gulhane
Hatti-i Humayun
(1853-1856) Russian war against Ottomans for control of the B…
This treaty effectively ended the Crimean War. Russia was req…
decree issued by imperial bureaucrats, after Napoleon's invas…
This reform decree was promulgated in 1856 at the close of th…
Crimean War
(1853-1856) Russian war against Ottomans for control of the B…
Treaty of Paris 1856
This treaty effectively ended the Crimean War. Russia was req…
12 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 14 Stress
behavioral medicine
health psychology
stress
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medica…
subfield that provide's psychology's contribution to behavior…
process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, c…
selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in…
behavioral medicine
interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medica…
health psychology
subfield that provide's psychology's contribution to behavior…
AP Biology Chapter 14
Character
Trait
True Breeding
Hybridization
heritable feature that varies among individuals
every variant for a character
-varieties over many generations... -produced only same variety…
mating/crossing of 2 true-breeding varieties
Character
heritable feature that varies among individuals
Trait
every variant for a character
10 terms
AP Psych Chapter 14
Out-Group
Scapegoating
social facilitating
social loafing
Those outside the group with which an individual identifies
blaming an innocent person or a group for one's own troubles
increase in an individual's performance because of being in a…
decrease in performance because of being in a group
Out-Group
Those outside the group with which an individual identifies
Scapegoating
blaming an innocent person or a group for one's own troubles
44 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 14
Geology
Core
Mantle
Asthenosphere
Study of the earth's dynamic history. Geologists study and an…
Inner zone of the Earth. It consists of a solid inner core an…
Zone of the earth's interior between its core and its crust
Zone of Earth's mantle lying beneath the lithosphere and beli…
Geology
Study of the earth's dynamic history. Geologists study and an…
Core
Inner zone of the Earth. It consists of a solid inner core an…
20 terms
Chapter 14 AP gov
Bureaucracy
Weberian Model
Acquisitive Model
Monopolistic Model
A large organization that is structured hierarchically to car…
A model of bureaucracy developed by German sociologist Max, W…
A model of bureaucracy that views top level bureaucrats as se…
A model of bureaucracy that compares bureaucracies to monopol…
Bureaucracy
A large organization that is structured hierarchically to car…
Weberian Model
A model of bureaucracy developed by German sociologist Max, W…
30 terms
AP Gov Chapter 14
writ of habeas corpus
ex post facto law
due process clause
selective incorporation
A court order requiring explanation to a judge as to why a pr…
A retroactive criminal law that works to the disadvantage of…
A clause in the Fifth Amendment limiting the power of the nat…
The process by which provisions of the Bill of Rights are bro…
writ of habeas corpus
A court order requiring explanation to a judge as to why a pr…
ex post facto law
A retroactive criminal law that works to the disadvantage of…
38 terms
AP Biology Chapter 14
Character
Trait
True Breeding
Hybridization
heritable feature that varies among individuals
every variant for a character
-varieties over many generations... -produced only same variety…
mating/crossing of 2 true-breeding varieties
Character
heritable feature that varies among individuals
Trait
every variant for a character
10 terms
AP World (Chapter 14)
????
????
????
?????
The third estates included
Luther's reforms included
Queen Elizabeth I
The writer who best gave expression to the sixteenth century…
????
The third estates included
????
Luther's reforms included
77 terms
AP Biology Chapter 14
Gene Expression
Archibald Garrod
Beadle and Tatum's experiment
Choice of Neurospora Crassa As Experim…
- The process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins.…
- Genes dictate phenotypes through enzymes that catalyze spec…
- Aim: investigate the role of genes in Neurospora cars;s met…
- Neurospora → haploid, only one copy of each gene is present…
Gene Expression
- The process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins.…
Archibald Garrod
- Genes dictate phenotypes through enzymes that catalyze spec…
23 terms
ap chapter 14
African diaspora:
Benin
British/Dutch East India companies
Dahomey
Name given to the spread of African peoples across the Atlant…
West African kingdom (in what is now Nigeria) whose strong ki…
Private trading companies chartered by the governments of Eng…
West African kingdom that became strong through its rulers' e…
African diaspora:
Name given to the spread of African peoples across the Atlant…
Benin
West African kingdom (in what is now Nigeria) whose strong ki…
25 terms
AP Government Chapter 14
25 amendment
in and outers
White House Office
veto message
Legislation that specifies the conditions and order of succes…
People who alternate between jobs in the federal government a…
Presidential staff who oversee the policy interests of the pr…
A statement sent to Congres by the president giving the reaso…
25 amendment
Legislation that specifies the conditions and order of succes…
in and outers
People who alternate between jobs in the federal government a…
39 terms
AP World History chapter 14 vocabulary
Muhammad Shah II
Khwarazm
Barbarian
Silk Road
Turkic ruler of Muslim Khwarazm kingdom; attempted to resist…
An old Islamic empire that was invaded by the Mongols under C…
(n) : a person in a savage, primitive state; uncivilized pers…
An ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean Se…
Muhammad Shah II
Turkic ruler of Muslim Khwarazm kingdom; attempted to resist…
Khwarazm
An old Islamic empire that was invaded by the Mongols under C…
22 terms
AP Government Chapter 14
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil Service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines; is giv…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines; is giv…
40 terms
AP World History chapter 14 vocabulary
Muhammad Shah II
Khwarazm
Barbarian
Silk Road
Turkic ruler of Muslim Khwarazm kingdom; attempted to resist…
An old Islamic empire that was invaded by the Mongols under C…
(n) : a person in a savage, primitive state; uncivilized pers…
An ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean Se…
Muhammad Shah II
Turkic ruler of Muslim Khwarazm kingdom; attempted to resist…
Khwarazm
An old Islamic empire that was invaded by the Mongols under C…
9 terms
AP Human Chapter 14
globalization
networks
nodes
participatory development
process of interaction and integration among the people, comp…
group of two or more computer systems linked together
point at which lines or pathways intersect or branch; a centr…
process through which stakeholders can influence and share co…
globalization
process of interaction and integration among the people, comp…
networks
group of two or more computer systems linked together
23 terms
AP Gov. Chapter 14
Appropriations Bill
Authorization Bill
Budget
Budget Resolution
Bill passed annually to find an authorized program.
An act of Congress that established a discretionary governmen…
A policy document that allocates burdens (taxes) and benefits…
A bill setting limits on expenditures based on revenue projec…
Appropriations Bill
Bill passed annually to find an authorized program.
Authorization Bill
An act of Congress that established a discretionary governmen…
61 terms
AP Biology Chapter 14
neuromuscular connection
skeletal muscle organs
tendons
fulcrum
connection of the nerve and muscle (pg. 239)
a large group of individual skeletal muscles that are attache…
stretchers (pg. 240)
a place of support upon which a lever turns on or balances wh…
neuromuscular connection
connection of the nerve and muscle (pg. 239)
skeletal muscle organs
a large group of individual skeletal muscles that are attache…
16 terms
Chapter 14 AP Euro
Treaty of Tordesillas
God, Gold, Glory
Columbian Exchange
Prince Henry the Navigator
-Settlement of the divisive issue of New World ownership betw…
Different motives for exploration.... God = missionary zeal... Gold…
Too big a term to define here. Refers to the impacts that exp…
-Brother of the King of Portugal... -Created a school for naviga…
Treaty of Tordesillas
-Settlement of the divisive issue of New World ownership betw…
God, Gold, Glory
Different motives for exploration.... God = missionary zeal... Gold…
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 14 Bernstein
Personality
Psychodynamic Approach
Id
Libido
The pattern of psychological and behavioral characteristics b…
Freud's view that personality is based on the interplay on un…
The unconscious portion of personality that contains basic im…
The psychic energy contained in the Id
Personality
The pattern of psychological and behavioral characteristics b…
Psychodynamic Approach
Freud's view that personality is based on the interplay on un…
45 terms
AP Chapter 14
Gyrus
Sulcus
Fissure
Gray matter
Thick, raised fold
Shallow groove
deep groove
Unmyelinated axons + cell bodies... outer edge is the cortex... dee…
Gyrus
Thick, raised fold
Sulcus
Shallow groove
33 terms
Chapter 14 AP Chemistry
Chemical Kinetics
Reaction Rates
Instantaneous Rate
Beer's Law
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at…
A measure of the decrease in concentration of a reactant or t…
The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the aver…
The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of i…
Chemical Kinetics
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at…
Reaction Rates
A measure of the decrease in concentration of a reactant or t…
26 terms
AP Biology Chapter 14
Addition Rule
Multiplication Rule
Multiplication Rule Example
Allele
A rule of probability stating that the probability of any one…
A rule of probability stating that the probability of two or…
(ex: Probability of obtaining an F2 -1 way (dominant allele f…
Any of the alternative versions of a gene that may produce di…
Addition Rule
A rule of probability stating that the probability of any one…
Multiplication Rule
A rule of probability stating that the probability of two or…
35 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 14
chemical kinetics
factors that affect reaction rates
catalyst
speed
area of chemistry that is concerned with speeds, or rates, of…
physical state of reactants, concentration of reactants, temp…
agent that increases reaction rates without being used up
the change that occurs in a given interval of time
chemical kinetics
area of chemistry that is concerned with speeds, or rates, of…
factors that affect reaction rates
physical state of reactants, concentration of reactants, temp…
18 terms
AP BIO Chapter 14 - Sherrill Mendelian Genetics
dominant allele
recessive allele
law of segregation
allele
an allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
an allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present.
first law of heredity stating that pairs of alleles for a tra…
an alternate form that a gene may have for a single trait; ca…
dominant allele
an allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
recessive allele
an allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present.
11 terms
Chapter 14 (AP Biology)
P Generation
F1 Generation
F2 Generation
Segregation
True Breeding Parents (Mendel's Peas)
Hybrid offspring of P (Mendel's Peas)
F1 individuals self pollinate or cross pollinate with F1 Hybr…
When Two copies of each heredity factor seperate to go each o…
P Generation
True Breeding Parents (Mendel's Peas)
F1 Generation
Hybrid offspring of P (Mendel's Peas)
35 terms
AP Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 14
Social Psychology
social context
situationism
social role
The branch of psychology that studies the effects of social v…
The combination of (a) people, (b) the activities and interac…
The view that environment conditions influence people's behav…
One of several socially defined patterns of behavior that are…
Social Psychology
The branch of psychology that studies the effects of social v…
social context
The combination of (a) people, (b) the activities and interac…
25 terms
APES Chapter 14 Vocab
Water Pollution
Wastewater
Point Source
nonpointsource
the addition of any substance that has a negative effect on w…
any water that has been used by humans. This includes human s…
A specific source of pollution that can be identified
Pollution that can't be traced to one source
Water Pollution
the addition of any substance that has a negative effect on w…
Wastewater
any water that has been used by humans. This includes human s…
16 terms
AP Government: Chapter 14 The Presidency
Gridlock
Electoral College
Bully Pulpit
Veto Message
The inability of the government to act because rival parties…
The people chosen to cast each state's votes in a presidentia…
The president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide o…
A message from the president to Congress stating that he will…
Gridlock
The inability of the government to act because rival parties…
Electoral College
The people chosen to cast each state's votes in a presidentia…
47 terms
AP Government Chapter 14
Judiciary
U.S. Supreme Court
Circuit Courts
Circuit Riding
The branch of government comprising the state and federal cou…
High court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
Also known as courts of appeals; the middle level in the fede…
The practice of traveling around the circuits by early Suprem…
Judiciary
The branch of government comprising the state and federal cou…
U.S. Supreme Court
High court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
15 terms
Chapter 14 AP History
The great dying
Columbian exchange
Mercantilism
Creole
Americas, 16th-17th centuries... • Process of large-scale deaths…
Americas, 16th-17th centuries... • Exchange of goods, crops, and…
Europe, c. 16th-18th centuries... • Economic theory that served…
Spanish colonies (Americas), c. 16th-18th centuries... • Social…
The great dying
Americas, 16th-17th centuries... • Process of large-scale deaths…
Columbian exchange
Americas, 16th-17th centuries... • Exchange of goods, crops, and…
9 terms
AP Psych chapter 14 vocab
social psychology
social context
situationism
social role
the branch of psychology that studies the effects of social v…
the combination of people, the activities and interactions am…
The theory that behavior is determined more by situations tha…
Shared expectations in a group about how particular people ar…
social psychology
the branch of psychology that studies the effects of social v…
social context
the combination of people, the activities and interactions am…
24 terms
AP World Chapter 14
Tang Dynasty
Tang Government
Equal-Field System
Tang Foreign Relations
Brought a new period of prosperity and stability for 3 reason…
Government officials had to pass the Confucian education exams
Fixed land distribution problem. The government gave land to…
Conquered societies brought gifts and bowed 3 times before th…
Tang Dynasty
Brought a new period of prosperity and stability for 3 reason…
Tang Government
Government officials had to pass the Confucian education exams
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