Study sets matching "ap chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "ap chapter 4"

11 terms
AP Chapter 4 Terms
"Salt-Water"
Portugal
Equiano
Slavers
what African slaves born in Africa and brought to the New Wor…
European nation that started the Slave trade
African slave that wrote about his experiences
what Europeans and their ships were called that transported s…
"Salt-Water"
what African slaves born in Africa and brought to the New Wor…
Portugal
European nation that started the Slave trade
AP Chemistry Chapter 4
aqueous solution
solution
solvent
solute
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
substance present in the greatest quantity and the one the di…
the substances in a solution that are being dissolved (of the…
aqueous solution
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
92 terms
APES Chapter 4
Climate
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
Climate
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Layers of Atmosphere
65 terms
APES Chapter 4
Population
Community
Population growth
Equilibrium
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
The change in number of individuals within a population
A state of balance among the components of a system
Population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Community
A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
81 terms
Luterbach AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
16 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4- Carbon
Carbon's Versatility
Structural Isomers
Cis-Trans Isomers
Enantiomer Isomer
Forms 4 covalent bonds that lead to a tetrahedral shape. Also…
Different in covalent arrangements of their atoms.
Same covalent partnership but different in spatial arrangemen…
Molecules that are mirror images of each other. Usually invol…
Carbon's Versatility
Forms 4 covalent bonds that lead to a tetrahedral shape. Also…
Structural Isomers
Different in covalent arrangements of their atoms.
AP Human Geography Chapter 4
Artifact
Built environment
Cultural convergence
Cultural/environmental perception
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human…
The contact and interaction of one culture to another.
The concept that people of different culture will definitely…
Artifact
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
Built environment
The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human…
84 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
63 terms
AP psychology chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
sensory adaptation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
reduced responsiveness caused by prolonged stimulation
sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
AP psychology chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
sensory adaptation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
reduced responsiveness caused by prolonged stimulation
sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
64 terms
AP Psychology-Chapter 4
Developmental psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
Branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and so…
Fertilized egg. Eventually develops into a embryo after 2 wee…
Developing human organism. Considered this from 2 weeks to 2n…
Developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception until…
Developmental psychology
Branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and so…
Zygote
Fertilized egg. Eventually develops into a embryo after 2 wee…
32 terms
AP Stats-Chapter 4
population
sample
convenience sample
bias
the entire group of individuals we want information about
a subset of individuals in the population from which we actua…
A sample which consists of members of a population that are e…
when a design of a statistical study consistently underestima…
population
the entire group of individuals we want information about
sample
a subset of individuals in the population from which we actua…
29 terms
Biology in Focus (AP) Chapter 4
Central vacuole
Centrosome
Chloroplast
Chromatin
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
Structure present in the cytoplasm of animal cells, important…
An organelle found in plants and photosynthetic protists that…
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
Central vacuole
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
Centrosome
Structure present in the cytoplasm of animal cells, important…
54 terms
AP HUGE: chapter 4
culture
2 elements of culture
cultural geography
cultural landscape
body of material traits, customary beliefs, and social forms…
daily necessities (food, clothing, shelter) & leisure activit…
the study of how and why cultures vary over space
built environment (reveals a society's cultural identity thro…
culture
body of material traits, customary beliefs, and social forms…
2 elements of culture
daily necessities (food, clothing, shelter) & leisure activit…
82 terms
Luterbach AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
43 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 4
aqueous solution
solution
solvent
solute
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
substance present in the greatest quantity and the one the di…
the substances in a solution that are being dissolved (of the…
aqueous solution
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
92 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 4
Climate
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
Climate
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Layers of Atmosphere
Chapter 4 AP Biology in Focus
Central vacuole
Centrosome
Chloroplast
Chromatin
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
Structure present in the cytoplasm of animal cells, important…
An organelle found in plants and photosynthetic protists that…
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
Central vacuole
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
Centrosome
Structure present in the cytoplasm of animal cells, important…
63 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Development Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Development Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
AP Human Geography Chapter 4
Artifact
Built environment
Cultural convergence
Cultural/environmental perception
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human…
The contact and interaction of one culture to another.
The concept that people of different culture will definitely…
Artifact
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
Built environment
The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human…
AP Biology - Chapter 4
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Features of cells
Plasma membrane
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and other…
A type of cell that has a membrane-enclosed nucleus and other…
- Bound by a plasma membrane... - Genes made of DNA as hereditar…
A thin layer of lipids and proteins that sets cell off from s…
Prokaryotic cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and other…
Eukaryotic cell
A type of cell that has a membrane-enclosed nucleus and other…
13 terms
AP Human Chapter 4
New England Houses
Saltbox
Two-Chimney
Cape Cod
Saltbox, Two-Chimney, Cape Cod, Front Gable & Wing
New England Houses
Saltbox, Two-Chimney, Cape Cod, Front Gable & Wing
Saltbox
45 terms
Pre-AP - Chapter 4
Ahura Mazda
Angra Mainyu
Cyrus (the Great)
Darius I
In Zoroastrianism, the good god who rules the world.
In Zoroastrianism, the evil god, engaged in a cosmic struggle…
Founder of the Persian Empire (r. 557-530 B.C.E); a ruler not…
Great king of Persia (r. 522-486 B.C.E) following the upheava…
Ahura Mazda
In Zoroastrianism, the good god who rules the world.
Angra Mainyu
In Zoroastrianism, the evil god, engaged in a cosmic struggle…
94 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Tour of the Cell
Typical size of a eukaryotic cell
Typical size of prokaryotic cell
3 principles in of cell theory
Why are cells so small
10-100 micrometer in diameter
1-10 micrometer in diameter
1. All organisms are made up of one or more cells and the lif…
Because if a cell becomes too big, it would be nearly impossi…
Typical size of a eukaryotic cell
10-100 micrometer in diameter
Typical size of prokaryotic cell
1-10 micrometer in diameter
39 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 4
Population
Sample
Sample Survey
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want information
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
A survey which is carried out using a sampling method, i.e. i…
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want information
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
Chapter 4 AP
indentured servants
The headright system
Bacon's Rebellion
The Royal African Company
Men, women, and sometimes children signed a contract with a m…
The headright system was originally created in 1618 in Jamest…
Bacon's Rebellion was an armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia…
The Royal African Company was a mercantile company set up by…
indentured servants
Men, women, and sometimes children signed a contract with a m…
The headright system
The headright system was originally created in 1618 in Jamest…
65 terms
Chapter 4 AP HuG Miller
Folk culture
Popular culture
Habit
Custom
traits traditionally practiced or pertaining to small, homoge…
found in large, heterogeneous societies that share certain ha…
a repetitive act that a particular individual performs, such…
a repetitive act of a group, performed to the point that it b…
Folk culture
traits traditionally practiced or pertaining to small, homoge…
Popular culture
found in large, heterogeneous societies that share certain ha…
AP Bio Chapter 4
Hydrocarbons
isomers
Enantiomers
Structural Isomer
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen... ex:…
organic compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the…
isomers that are mirror images of each other
one of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
Hydrocarbons
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen... ex:…
isomers
organic compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the…
15 terms
Ap Bio Chapter 4
amino group
carbonyl group
carboxyl group
cis
A functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to…
A functional group present in aldehydes and ketones and consi…
A functional group present in organic acids and consisting of…
Arrangement of two noncarbon atoms, each bound to one of the…
amino group
A functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to…
carbonyl group
A functional group present in aldehydes and ketones and consi…
67 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 4
Climate
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
Climate
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Layers of Atmosphere
15 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4
Hydroxyl Group
Carbonyl Group
Carboxyl Group
Amino Group
-is polar due to electronegative oxygen.... -forms hydrogen bond…
-sugars with ketone groups are called ketoses; those with ald…
-acts as an acid (can donate H+) because the covalent bond be…
-acts as a base; can pick up an H+ from the surrounding solut…
Hydroxyl Group
-is polar due to electronegative oxygen.... -forms hydrogen bond…
Carbonyl Group
-sugars with ketone groups are called ketoses; those with ald…
52 terms
Chapter 4 AP Statistics
Bias
Census
Cluster sample
Convenience sample
The design of a statistical study shows bias if it systematic…
A study that attempts to collect data from every individual i…
To take a cluster sample, first divide the population into sm…
A sample selected by taking the members of the population tha…
Bias
The design of a statistical study shows bias if it systematic…
Census
A study that attempts to collect data from every individual i…
AP Biology Chapter 4 and 5
Significance of carbon to life
Molecules that make up life
Functional Groups
Hydroxyl
Carbon can form complex, diverse, and large bio-molecules ... I…
Carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, nitrogen, oxygen
Directly affect molecular function
-OH or HO-... Example - Ethanol ... Polar
Significance of carbon to life
Carbon can form complex, diverse, and large bio-molecules ... I…
Molecules that make up life
Carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, nitrogen, oxygen
40 terms
APES Friedland Chapter 4
The cooling effect of reduced pressure…
The height of anything above a given p…
Dry. A desert or other area with an ar…
Broadened barrier beach, habitable in…
Adiabatic Cooling
Altitude
Arid
Barrier Islands
The cooling effect of reduced pressure…
Adiabatic Cooling
The height of anything above a given p…
Altitude
20 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 4
Climate
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
Climate
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Layers of Atmosphere
48 terms
APES- Chapter 4
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Albedo
Saturation point
A layer of the atmosphere closest to the surface of Earth, ex…
The layer above the troposphere, extending roughly 16-50 km a…
The percentage of incoming sunlight reflected from a surface.
The maximum amount of water vapor in the air at a given tempe…
Troposphere
A layer of the atmosphere closest to the surface of Earth, ex…
Stratosphere
The layer above the troposphere, extending roughly 16-50 km a…
38 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4
organelle
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
nucleoid
a membrane-enclosed structure within a eukaryotic cell
has membrane-enclosed organelles, including a nucleus
has no membrane-enclosed organelles, the DNA resides in the n…
the region not bound by a membrane where prokaryotic DNA resi…
organelle
a membrane-enclosed structure within a eukaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
has membrane-enclosed organelles, including a nucleus
17 terms
AP History Chapter 4: Terms
Albany Plan
Benjamin Franklin
Boston Massacre
Charles Townshend
A plan to unite the British colonies under the control of an…
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to…
The first bloodshed of the American Revolution (1770), as Bri…
The Chancellor of the Exchequer had a large hand in creating…
Albany Plan
A plan to unite the British colonies under the control of an…
Benjamin Franklin
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to…
AP Lang Chapter 4
Qualifier
Temporal
Concession
Admonition
a word or phrase that restricts or modifies the meaning of an…
relating to time, brief
reluctant yielding
a mild but earnest rebuke
Qualifier
a word or phrase that restricts or modifies the meaning of an…
Temporal
relating to time, brief
20 terms
Chapter 4 AP BIO
organic chemistry
vitalism
mechanism
hydrocarbons
the study of organic compounds (mostly hydrogen and carbon co…
the belief in a life force outside the boundaries of the chem…
the idea that physical and chemical laws encompass all natura…
organic molecules consisting of only hydrogen and carbon
organic chemistry
the study of organic compounds (mostly hydrogen and carbon co…
vitalism
the belief in a life force outside the boundaries of the chem…
AP Vocab Chapter 4
Medical geography
Polygamy
Ecology
Human Ecology
The sub branch of geography that studies the pattern of and t…
the cultural practice of a husband having multiple wives
The relationship between plants or animals and the environment
The interconnections between human populations and the physic…
Medical geography
The sub branch of geography that studies the pattern of and t…
Polygamy
the cultural practice of a husband having multiple wives
38 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 4
French and Indian War
George Washington
Edward Braddock
Albany Plan of Union
War fought in the colonies from 1754 to 1763 between the Engl…
Led a small militia from Virginia to stop work on French Fort…
General who led an army from Virginia, but was defeated (1755)
British government called for representatives from several co…
French and Indian War
War fought in the colonies from 1754 to 1763 between the Engl…
George Washington
Led a small militia from Virginia to stop work on French Fort…
66 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 and 5
Significance of carbon to life
Molecules that make up life
Functional Groups
Hydroxyl
Carbon can form complex, diverse, and large bio-molecules ... I…
Carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, nitrogen, oxygen
Directly affect molecular function
-OH or HO-... Example - Ethanol ... Polar
Significance of carbon to life
Carbon can form complex, diverse, and large bio-molecules ... I…
Molecules that make up life
Carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, nitrogen, oxygen
7 terms
AP Government Chapter 4
Political Culture
Civic Duty
Civic Competence
Class Consciousness
A patterned and sustained way of thinking about how political…
A belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
A belief that one can affect government policies
A belief that you are a member of an economic group whose int…
Political Culture
A patterned and sustained way of thinking about how political…
Civic Duty
A belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
APES Chapter 4 WHS
Population Equilibrium
Exponential Incerease
Biotic Potential
Recruitment
a state of balance between births and deaths in a population
the growth produced when a base population increases by a giv…
reproductive capacity. The potential of a species for increas…
the maturation and successful entry of young into an adult br…
Population Equilibrium
a state of balance between births and deaths in a population
Exponential Incerease
the growth produced when a base population increases by a giv…
34 terms
Chapter 4 AP New
Subcontinent
Hindu Kush
Himalayas
Cultural Syncretism
A large landmass that juts out from a continent
The Aryans passed through these mountains to reach the Indus…
The world's highest mountain range, forming the northern bord…
Social process by which the beliefs and practices of two uniq…
Subcontinent
A large landmass that juts out from a continent
Hindu Kush
The Aryans passed through these mountains to reach the Indus…
25 terms
AP Human Geography Rubenstein Chapter 4
Artifact
Built environment
Cultural convergence
Cultural/environmental perception
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human…
The contact and interaction of one culture to another.
The concept that people of different culture will definitely…
Artifact
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
Built environment
The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human…
25 terms
AP Human Geography Rubenstein Chapter 4
Artifact
Built environment
Cultural convergence
Cultural/environmental perception
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human…
The contact and interaction of one culture to another.
The concept that people of different culture will definitely…
Artifact
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
Built environment
The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human…
AP Environmental Science Chapter 4
Climate
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
Climate
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Layers of Atmosphere
18 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 4
Organic chemistry
Methane (CH4)
Ethane (C2H6)
Ethene - Ethylene (C2H4)
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
When a carbon atom has four single bonds to other atoms, the…
A molecule may have more than one tetrahedral group of single…
When two carbon atoms are joined by a double bond, all atoms…
Organic chemistry
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
Methane (CH4)
When a carbon atom has four single bonds to other atoms, the…
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