How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "ap chapter 4"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "ap chapter 4"

11 terms
AP Chapter 4 Terms
"Salt-Water"
Portugal
Equiano
Slavers
what African slaves born in Africa and brought to the New Wor…
European nation that started the Slave trade
African slave that wrote about his experiences
what Europeans and their ships were called that transported s…
"Salt-Water"
what African slaves born in Africa and brought to the New Wor…
Portugal
European nation that started the Slave trade
AP Chemistry Chapter 4
aqueous solution
solution
solvent
solute
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
substance present in the greatest quantity and the one the di…
the substances in a solution that are being dissolved (of the…
aqueous solution
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
81 terms
Luterbach AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
65 terms
APES Chapter 4
Population
Community
Population growth
Equilibrium
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
The change in number of individuals within a population
A state of balance among the components of a system
Population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Community
A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
84 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
16 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4- Carbon
Carbon's Versatility
Structural Isomers
Cis-Trans Isomers
Enantiomer Isomer
Forms 4 covalent bonds that lead to a tetrahedral shape. Also…
Different in covalent arrangements of their atoms.
Same covalent partnership but different in spatial arrangemen…
Molecules that are mirror images of each other. Usually invol…
Carbon's Versatility
Forms 4 covalent bonds that lead to a tetrahedral shape. Also…
Structural Isomers
Different in covalent arrangements of their atoms.
20 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 4
Climate
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
Climate
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Layers of Atmosphere
48 terms
APES- Chapter 4
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Albedo
Saturation point
A layer of the atmosphere closest to the surface of Earth, ex…
The layer above the troposphere, extending roughly 16-50 km a…
The percentage of incoming sunlight reflected from a surface.
The maximum amount of water vapor in the air at a given tempe…
Troposphere
A layer of the atmosphere closest to the surface of Earth, ex…
Stratosphere
The layer above the troposphere, extending roughly 16-50 km a…
67 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 4
Climate
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
Climate
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Layers of Atmosphere
63 terms
AP psychology chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
sensory adaptation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
reduced responsiveness caused by prolonged stimulation
sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
20 terms
APES Chapter 4 Vocab
natural selection
fossils
mutations
adaptation
The process by which individuals that are better adapted to t…
Skeletons, bones, shells, body parts, leaves, seeds, or impre…
Random errors in gene replication that lead to a change in th…
any inherited structure, behavior, or internal process that e…
natural selection
The process by which individuals that are better adapted to t…
fossils
Skeletons, bones, shells, body parts, leaves, seeds, or impre…
63 terms
AP psychology chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
sensory adaptation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
reduced responsiveness caused by prolonged stimulation
sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
92 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 4
Climate
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
Climate
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Layers of Atmosphere
63 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Development Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Development Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
43 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 4
aqueous solution
solution
solvent
solute
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
substance present in the greatest quantity and the one the di…
the substances in a solution that are being dissolved (of the…
aqueous solution
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
22 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4- Carbon
Organic Chemistry
Carbon's Versatility
Major Elements of Organic Molecules
Hydrocarbons
The study of carbon compounds.
Forms 4 covalent bonds that lead to a tetrahedral shape. Also…
Carbon:+4 or -4, Hydrogen:+1, Oxygen:-2, Nitrogen:-3
Organic molecules made of only carbon and hydrogen.
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon compounds.
Carbon's Versatility
Forms 4 covalent bonds that lead to a tetrahedral shape. Also…
39 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 4
Population
Sample
Sample Survey
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want information
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
A survey which is carried out using a sampling method, i.e. i…
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want information
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
30 terms
AP Physics 1 Chapter 4
4050 N
zero
the object with the greater mass will…
6.00 m/s*s
in the free-body diagram shown above, which of the following…
a car goes forward along a level road at constant velocity. t…
according to Newton's second law, when the same force is appl…
an airplane with a mass of 1.20x10^4 kg tows a glider with a…
4050 N
in the free-body diagram shown above, which of the following…
zero
a car goes forward along a level road at constant velocity. t…
66 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 and 5
Significance of carbon to life
Molecules that make up life
Functional Groups
Hydroxyl
Carbon can form complex, diverse, and large bio-molecules ... I…
Carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, nitrogen, oxygen
Directly affect molecular function
-OH or HO-... Example - Ethanol ... Polar
Significance of carbon to life
Carbon can form complex, diverse, and large bio-molecules ... I…
Molecules that make up life
Carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, nitrogen, oxygen
26 terms
AP World History - Strayer Chapter 4
Legalism
Confucius (Kong Fuzi)
Ban Zhao
Daoism
A Chinese philosophy distinguished by an adherence to clear l…
The founder of Confucianism (551-479 B.C.E.); an aristocrat o…
A major female Confucian author of Han dynasty China (45-116…
A Chinese philosophy/popular religion that advocates simplici…
Legalism
A Chinese philosophy distinguished by an adherence to clear l…
Confucius (Kong Fuzi)
The founder of Confucianism (551-479 B.C.E.); an aristocrat o…
52 terms
Chapter 4 AP Statistics
Bias
Census
Cluster sample
Convenience sample
The design of a statistical study shows bias if it systematic…
A study that attempts to collect data from every individual i…
To take a cluster sample, first divide the population into sm…
A sample selected by taking the members of the population tha…
Bias
The design of a statistical study shows bias if it systematic…
Census
A study that attempts to collect data from every individual i…
17 terms
AP History Chapter 4: Terms
Albany Plan
Benjamin Franklin
Boston Massacre
Charles Townshend
A plan to unite the British colonies under the control of an…
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to…
The first bloodshed of the American Revolution (1770), as Bri…
The Chancellor of the Exchequer had a large hand in creating…
Albany Plan
A plan to unite the British colonies under the control of an…
Benjamin Franklin
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to…
65 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 and 5
Significance of carbon to life
Molecules that make up life
Functional Groups
Hydroxyl
Carbon can form complex, diverse, and large bio-molecules ... I…
Carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, nitrogen, oxygen
Directly affect molecular function
-OH or HO-... Example - Ethanol ... Polar
Significance of carbon to life
Carbon can form complex, diverse, and large bio-molecules ... I…
Molecules that make up life
Carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, nitrogen, oxygen
82 terms
Luterbach AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
52 terms
APES - Global Climates and Biomes -Chapter 4
climate
weather
troposphere
stratosphere
The average weather that occurs in a given region over a long…
The short-term conditions of the atmosphere in a local area,…
A layer of the atmosphere closest to the surface of Earth, ex…
The layer of the atmosphere above the troposphere, extending…
climate
The average weather that occurs in a given region over a long…
weather
The short-term conditions of the atmosphere in a local area,…
27 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 4
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Features of cells
Plasma membrane
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and other…
A type of cell that has a membrane-enclosed nucleus and other…
- Bound by a plasma membrane... - Genes made of DNA as hereditar…
A thin layer of lipids and proteins that sets cell off from s…
Prokaryotic cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and other…
Eukaryotic cell
A type of cell that has a membrane-enclosed nucleus and other…
26 terms
AP World History - Strayer Chapter 4
Legalism
Confucius (Kong Fuzi)
Ban Zhao
Daoism
A Chinese philosophy distinguished by an adherence to clear l…
The founder of Confucianism (551-479 B.C.E.); an aristocrat o…
A major female Confucian author of Han dynasty China (45-116…
A Chinese philosophy/popular religion that advocates simplici…
Legalism
A Chinese philosophy distinguished by an adherence to clear l…
Confucius (Kong Fuzi)
The founder of Confucianism (551-479 B.C.E.); an aristocrat o…
21 terms
AP Human Geography Rubenstein Chapter 4
Artifact
Cultural convergence
Cultural/environmental perception
Cultural landscape
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
The contact and interaction of one culture to another.
The concept that people of different culture will definitely…
Modifications to the environment by humans, including the bui…
Artifact
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
Cultural convergence
The contact and interaction of one culture to another.
25 terms
AP Human Geography Rubenstein Chapter 4
Artifact
Built environment
Cultural convergence
Cultural/environmental perception
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human…
The contact and interaction of one culture to another.
The concept that people of different culture will definitely…
Artifact
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
Built environment
The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human…
20 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 4
Climate
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
Climate
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Layers of Atmosphere
168 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Farsightedness/Hyperopia
Retina
Fovea
Photoreceptors
condition also known as hyperopia in which faraway objects ar…
A multilayered sensory tissue that lines the back of the eye…
A small area in the center of the retina, composed entirely o…
The light-sensitive cells in the retina- the rods and cones.
Farsightedness/Hyperopia
condition also known as hyperopia in which faraway objects ar…
Retina
A multilayered sensory tissue that lines the back of the eye…
38 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 4
French and Indian War
George Washington
Edward Braddock
Albany Plan of Union
War fought in the colonies from 1754 to 1763 between the Engl…
Led a small militia from Virginia to stop work on French Fort…
General who led an army from Virginia, but was defeated (1755)
British government called for representatives from several co…
French and Indian War
War fought in the colonies from 1754 to 1763 between the Engl…
George Washington
Led a small militia from Virginia to stop work on French Fort…
38 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 4
Patrick Henry
Stamp Act Congress
Sons and Daughters of Liberty
John Dickinson; Letters from a Farmer…
Young Virginian lawyer who coined the phrase "No taxation wit…
Representatives from nine colonies met in New York in 1765 an…
Secret society organized to intimidated tax agents. Sometimes…
In 1767 and 1768, he argued that the idea of no taxation with…
Patrick Henry
Young Virginian lawyer who coined the phrase "No taxation wit…
Stamp Act Congress
Representatives from nine colonies met in New York in 1765 an…
75 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 4 Ort edits
Climate
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
Climate
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Layers of Atmosphere
Chapter 4 AP
indentured servants
The headright system
Bacon's Rebellion
The Royal African Company
Men, women, and sometimes children signed a contract with a m…
The headright system was originally created in 1618 in Jamest…
Bacon's Rebellion was an armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia…
The Royal African Company was a mercantile company set up by…
indentured servants
Men, women, and sometimes children signed a contract with a m…
The headright system
The headright system was originally created in 1618 in Jamest…
12 terms
AP Bio Sherrill - Chapter 4
structural isomers
hydrocarbons
geometric isomers
funtional groups
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrogen
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
components of organic molecules that are most commonly involv…
structural isomers
compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrogen
25 terms
AP Human Geography Rubenstein Chapter 4
Artifact
Built environment
Cultural convergence
Cultural/environmental perception
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human…
The contact and interaction of one culture to another.
The concept that people of different culture will definitely…
Artifact
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect o…
Built environment
The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human…
18 terms
APES Chapter 4
biological diversity
biome
biological evolution
adaptive trait
the variety and complexity of species present and interacting…
a major biotic community characterized by the dominant forms…
the process whereby earth's life changes over time through ch…
any heritable trait that enables an organism to survive throu…
biological diversity
the variety and complexity of species present and interacting…
biome
a major biotic community characterized by the dominant forms…
15 terms
Ap Bio Chapter 4
amino group
carbonyl group
carboxyl group
cis
A functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to…
A functional group present in aldehydes and ketones and consi…
A functional group present in organic acids and consisting of…
Arrangement of two noncarbon atoms, each bound to one of the…
amino group
A functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to…
carbonyl group
A functional group present in aldehydes and ketones and consi…
15 terms
AP Bio Chapter 4
Hydrocarbons
isomers
Enantiomers
Structural Isomer
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen... ex:…
organic compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the…
isomers that are mirror images of each other
one of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
Hydrocarbons
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen... ex:…
isomers
organic compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the…
15 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4
Hydroxyl Group
Carbonyl Group
Carboxyl Group
Amino Group
-is polar due to electronegative oxygen.... -forms hydrogen bond…
-sugars with ketone groups are called ketoses; those with ald…
-acts as an acid (can donate H+) because the covalent bond be…
-acts as a base; can pick up an H+ from the surrounding solut…
Hydroxyl Group
-is polar due to electronegative oxygen.... -forms hydrogen bond…
Carbonyl Group
-sugars with ketone groups are called ketoses; those with ald…
40 terms
APES Friedland Chapter 4
The cooling effect of reduced pressure…
The height of anything above a given p…
Dry. A desert or other area with an ar…
Broadened barrier beach, habitable in…
Adiabatic Cooling
Altitude
Arid
Barrier Islands
The cooling effect of reduced pressure…
Adiabatic Cooling
The height of anything above a given p…
Altitude
32 terms
Chapter 4 AP Biology in Focus
Central vacuole
Centrosome
Chloroplast
Chromatin
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
Structure present in the cytoplasm of animal cells, important…
An organelle found in plants and photosynthetic protists that…
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
Central vacuole
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
Centrosome
Structure present in the cytoplasm of animal cells, important…
18 terms
AP Stats Quantitative (Chapter 4 and 5)
Distribution
Histogram
Shape of a distribution
Center of a distribution
How quantitative data values are spread out over the real num…
A graph of data that uses adjacent bars (bins); each bin repr…
Modality (unimodal, bimodal, or multi-modal), along with Symm…
Typical values: measures include mean and median
Distribution
How quantitative data values are spread out over the real num…
Histogram
A graph of data that uses adjacent bars (bins); each bin repr…
30 terms
Rojas AMSCO AP US History Chapter 4
French and Indian War
George Washington
Albany Plan of Union
Peace of Paris (1763)
War fought in the colonies from 1754 to 1763 between the Engl…
Led a small militia from Virginia to stop work on French Fort…
British government attempt to unite colonies against French a…
Peace treaty signed to end the French and Indian War (The Sev…
French and Indian War
War fought in the colonies from 1754 to 1763 between the Engl…
George Washington
Led a small militia from Virginia to stop work on French Fort…
20 terms
Chapter 4 AP BIO
organic chemistry
vitalism
mechanism
hydrocarbons
the study of organic compounds (mostly hydrogen and carbon co…
the belief in a life force outside the boundaries of the chem…
the idea that physical and chemical laws encompass all natura…
organic molecules consisting of only hydrogen and carbon
organic chemistry
the study of organic compounds (mostly hydrogen and carbon co…
vitalism
the belief in a life force outside the boundaries of the chem…
65 terms
AP Bio Chapter 4 review
mitochondrial matrix
rough ER
intermediate filament
cytoplasmic streaming
the compartment of the mitochondrion enclosed by the inner me…
The site of synthesis of membrane bound proteins or proteins…
a component of the cytoskeleton that includes filaments inter…
a circular flow of cytoplasm, involving actin filaments, that…
mitochondrial matrix
the compartment of the mitochondrion enclosed by the inner me…
rough ER
The site of synthesis of membrane bound proteins or proteins…
44 terms
AP Government Chapter 4
Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
1st Amendment
Barron v. Baltimore
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defin…
The constitutional amendment that establishes the four great…
The 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the Bill of Righ…
Civil Liberties
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defin…
AP Lang Chapter 4
Qualifier
Temporal
Concession
Admonition
a word or phrase that restricts or modifies the meaning of an…
relating to time, brief
reluctant yielding
a mild but earnest rebuke
Qualifier
a word or phrase that restricts or modifies the meaning of an…
Temporal
relating to time, brief
7 terms
AP Government Chapter 4
Political Culture
Civic Duty
Civic Competence
Class Consciousness
A patterned and sustained way of thinking about how political…
A belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
A belief that one can affect government policies
A belief that you are a member of an economic group whose int…
Political Culture
A patterned and sustained way of thinking about how political…
Civic Duty
A belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
1 of 10