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Study sets matching "ap chapter 8 environmental science"

52 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
46 terms
Chapter 8 AP Environmental Science
Alfred Wegener's evidence for claiming…
Difference between weathering and eros…
Lichens are very important in chemical…
Another name for Mining Spoils
Rock formations in sequences that match on opposite sides of…
Weathering occurs when rock is exposed to air, water, certain…
They produce weak acids and can therefore break down rock.
Tailings
Alfred Wegener's evidence for claiming…
Rock formations in sequences that match on opposite sides of…
Difference between weathering and eros…
Weathering occurs when rock is exposed to air, water, certain…
71 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Chapter 8
Hadean
Holocene
Carboniferous
Proterozoic
Pre Cambrian. Before Archezoic. Rockless, formation of Earth,…
Cenozoic. After Pleistocene. Age of Man, human civilization,…
Paleozoic. After Devonian, before Permian. Coal age, coal swa…
Pre Cambrian. After Archezoic, before Cambrian. Stromatolites…
Hadean
Pre Cambrian. Before Archezoic. Rockless, formation of Earth,…
Holocene
Cenozoic. After Pleistocene. Age of Man, human civilization,…
71 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Chapter 8
Hadean
Holocene
Carboniferous
Proterozoic
Pre Cambrian. Before Archezoic. Rockless, formation of Earth,…
Cenozoic. After Pleistocene. Age of Man, human civilization,…
Paleozoic. After Devonian, before Permian. Coal age, coal swa…
Pre Cambrian. After Archezoic, before Cambrian. Stromatolites…
Hadean
Pre Cambrian. Before Archezoic. Rockless, formation of Earth,…
Holocene
Cenozoic. After Pleistocene. Age of Man, human civilization,…
67 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 Aquatic Biodiversity
aquatic life zones
71%
2.2%
global ocean
aquatic equivalents of biomes
saltwater covers about ___ of the Earth's surface
freshwater covers about ___ of the Earths surface
single and continuous body of water
aquatic life zones
aquatic equivalents of biomes
71%
saltwater covers about ___ of the Earth's surface
54 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
54 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
34 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8: Aquatic Bbiodiversity
coral reefs
coral bleaching
aquatic life zones
saltwater life zones (marine life zones)
form in clear, warm coastal waters of the tropics and subtrop…
a threat to coral reefs that occurs when stresses such as inc…
saltwater and freshwater portions of the biosphere that can s…
oceans and their bays, estuaries, coastal wetlands, shoreline…
coral reefs
form in clear, warm coastal waters of the tropics and subtrop…
coral bleaching
a threat to coral reefs that occurs when stresses such as inc…
54 terms
AP Environmental Science- Chapter 8
total fertility rate
introduced species
underdeveloped country
GDP (gross domestic product)
The average number of children born to a woman in a her lifet…
a species living outside of its native range, as a result of…
a country with a low industrial base (low GDP)
the money's worth of goods and services produced in a country
total fertility rate
The average number of children born to a woman in a her lifet…
introduced species
a species living outside of its native range, as a result of…
48 terms
Chapter 8 AP Environmental Science
Alfred Wegener's evidence for claiming…
Difference between weathering and eros…
Lichens are very important in chemical…
Mining Spoils
Rock formations in sequences that match on opposite sides of…
Weathering occurs when rock is exposed to air, water, certain…
They produce weak acids and can therefore break down rock.
Tailings
Alfred Wegener's evidence for claiming…
Rock formations in sequences that match on opposite sides of…
Difference between weathering and eros…
Weathering occurs when rock is exposed to air, water, certain…
54 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
44 terms
Chapter 8 AP Environmental Science
Alfred Wegener's evidence for claiming…
Difference between weathering and eros…
Lichens are very important in chemical…
Mining Spoils
Rock formations in sequences that match on opposite sides of…
Weathering occurs when rock is exposed to air, water, certain…
They produce weak acids and can therefore break down rock.
Tailings
Alfred Wegener's evidence for claiming…
Rock formations in sequences that match on opposite sides of…
Difference between weathering and eros…
Weathering occurs when rock is exposed to air, water, certain…
56 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8
Veins
Oceanic Plates
Subsurface Mining
Placer Mining
Dissolved minerals from igneous rocks by water which precipit…
Lie underneath ocean. Dense and rich in iron
Tunnels within mountain where people go in.
Process of looking for metals and precious stones in river se…
Veins
Dissolved minerals from igneous rocks by water which precipit…
Oceanic Plates
Lie underneath ocean. Dense and rich in iron
86 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Albedo
Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere,... thermosphere, exosphere
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
% of incoming sunlight that is reflected from a surface, the…
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere,... thermosphere, exosphere
Troposphere
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
49 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 (Earth Systems)
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Above core. Molten rock
Molten Rock
Located in the outer part of mantle, made of semi-molten, fle…
Core
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Mantle
Above core. Molten rock
55 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 8
Oceanic Plates
Subsurface Mining
Placer Mining
Mountaintop Removal
Lie underneath ocean. Dense and rich in iron
Tunnels within mountain where people go in.
Process of looking for metals and precious stones in river se…
Miners remove entire top of a mountain with explosives
Oceanic Plates
Lie underneath ocean. Dense and rich in iron
Subsurface Mining
Tunnels within mountain where people go in.
34 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8
infant mortality rate
Thomas Malthus
IPAT model
demography
The number of deaths of infants under one year of age per 100…
British economist who maintained that increasing human popula…
a formula that represent how humans' total impact on the envi…
a social science that applies the principles of population ec…
infant mortality rate
The number of deaths of infants under one year of age per 100…
Thomas Malthus
British economist who maintained that increasing human popula…
27 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8
Health
Disease
Morbidity
Mortality
State of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not…
Abnormal change in the body's condition that impairs importan…
Illness or disease. Diet, nutrition, infectious agents, toxic…
Death.
Health
State of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not…
Disease
Abnormal change in the body's condition that impairs importan…
48 terms
Chapter 8 AP Environmental Science
Alfred Wegener's evidence for claiming…
Difference between weathering and eros…
Lichens are very important in chemical…
Mining Spoils
Rock formations in sequences that match on opposite sides of…
Weathering occurs when rock is exposed to air, water, certain…
They produce weak acids and can therefore break down rock.
Tailings
Alfred Wegener's evidence for claiming…
Rock formations in sequences that match on opposite sides of…
Difference between weathering and eros…
Weathering occurs when rock is exposed to air, water, certain…
71 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 8
Hadean
Holocene
Carboniferous
Proterozoic
Pre Cambrian. Before Archezoic. Rockless, formation of Earth,…
Cenozoic. After Pleistocene. Age of Man, human civilization,…
Paleozoic. After Devonian, before Permian. Coal age, coal swa…
Pre Cambrian. After Archezoic, before Cambrian. Stromatolites…
Hadean
Pre Cambrian. Before Archezoic. Rockless, formation of Earth,…
Holocene
Cenozoic. After Pleistocene. Age of Man, human civilization,…
52 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
52 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
53 terms
Environmental Science for AP* - Chapter 8
Oceanic Plates
Subsurface Mining
Placer Mining
Mountaintop Removal
Lie underneath ocean. Dense and rich in iron
Tunnels within mountain where people go in.
Process of looking for metals and precious stones in river se…
Miners remove entire top of a mountain with explosives
Oceanic Plates
Lie underneath ocean. Dense and rich in iron
Subsurface Mining
Tunnels within mountain where people go in.
17 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8
Thomas Malthus
IPAT model
demography
demographer
British economist who maintained that increasing human popula…
a formula that represent how humans' total impact on the envi…
a social science that applies the principles of population ec…
a social scientist who studies the population size, density,…
Thomas Malthus
British economist who maintained that increasing human popula…
IPAT model
a formula that represent how humans' total impact on the envi…
52 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
The innermost zone of earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
The layer of earth above the core, containing magma
Molten rock
The layer of earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
The innermost zone of earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
The layer of earth above the core, containing magma
52 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
54 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
54 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
54 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
38 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Coral Bleaching
Marine Life Zone
Freshwater Life Zone
Plankton
Occurs when a coral becomes stressed and expels most of its c…
aquatic life zones associated with oceans; oceans and their a…
Aquatic systems where water with a dissolved salt concentrati…
Microscopic organisms that float and drift in the ocean water…
Coral Bleaching
Occurs when a coral becomes stressed and expels most of its c…
Marine Life Zone
aquatic life zones associated with oceans; oceans and their a…
52 terms
AP Environmental Science Vocabulary Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma
52 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8 Terms
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
30 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8
Health
Disease
Morbidity
Morality
A state of physical and emotional well-being; the absence of…
A deleterious change in the body's condition in response to d…
Illness or disease
Death rate in a population
Health
A state of physical and emotional well-being; the absence of…
Disease
A deleterious change in the body's condition in response to d…
30 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 Vocab
health
disease
morbidity
mortality
a state of physical and emotional well-being; the absence of…
a deleterious change in the body's condition in response to d…
illness or disease
death rate in a population; the probability of dying
health
a state of physical and emotional well-being; the absence of…
disease
a deleterious change in the body's condition in response to d…
20 terms
AP environmental science chapter 8
TFR - total fertility rate
Crude birth rate
Crude death rate
Infant mortality rate
___________ of 2.1 is replacement rate in a developedcountry
# birth per 1,000 individuals per year
# of deaths per 1,000 individuals per year
# of deaths of children under 1 year old per... 1,000 live births
TFR - total fertility rate
___________ of 2.1 is replacement rate in a developedcountry
Crude birth rate
# birth per 1,000 individuals per year
28 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8
Aquatic life zone
Plankton
Phytoplankton
Zooplankton
Saltwater and freshwater portions of the biosphere that can s…
Weakly swimming, free floating organisms
Many types of algae that are primary producers that support m…
Primary consumers which feed on phytoplankton and secondary c…
Aquatic life zone
Saltwater and freshwater portions of the biosphere that can s…
Plankton
Weakly swimming, free floating organisms
57 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8
acute effects
allergens
antigens
atrazine
sudden, severe effects; caused by a single exposure and resul…
substances that activate the immune system
chemical compounds to which antibodies bind; substances that…
used to prevent pre- and postemergence broadleaf weeds in cro…
acute effects
sudden, severe effects; caused by a single exposure and resul…
allergens
substances that activate the immune system
59 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8 REams
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
52 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8
Soil
Parent Material
Soil Formation
Five factors that affect soil formations
Mix of geologic and organic components that forms a dynamic m…
Rock material underlying soil from which its inorganic compon…
Result of physical and chemical weathering of rocks and the g…
Parent material, climate, topography, organisms, time
Soil
Mix of geologic and organic components that forms a dynamic m…
Parent Material
Rock material underlying soil from which its inorganic compon…
67 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 Aquatic Biodiversity
aquatic life zones
71%
2.2%
global ocean
aquatic equivalents of biomes
saltwater covers about ___ of the Earth's surface
freshwater covers about ___ of the Earths surface
single and continuous body of water
aquatic life zones
aquatic equivalents of biomes
71%
saltwater covers about ___ of the Earth's surface
34 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8: Aquatic Bbiodiversity
coral reefs
coral bleaching
aquatic life zones
saltwater life zones (marine life zones)
form in clear, warm coastal waters of the tropics and subtrop…
a threat to coral reefs that occurs when stresses such as inc…
saltwater and freshwater portions of the biosphere that can s…
oceans and their bays, estuaries, coastal wetlands, shoreline…
coral reefs
form in clear, warm coastal waters of the tropics and subtrop…
coral bleaching
a threat to coral reefs that occurs when stresses such as inc…
48 terms
Chapter 8 AP Environmental Science
Alfred Wegener's evidence for claiming…
Difference between weathering and eros…
Lichens are very important in chemical…
Mining Spoils
Rock formations in sequences that match on opposite sides of…
Weathering occurs when rock is exposed to air, water, certain…
They produce weak acids and can therefore break down rock.
Tailings
Alfred Wegener's evidence for claiming…
Rock formations in sequences that match on opposite sides of…
Difference between weathering and eros…
Weathering occurs when rock is exposed to air, water, certain…
35 terms
Chapter 8 AP Environmental Science
Coral Bleaching
overfishing, using cyanide and dynamit…
73% of the earth is covered by water... 7…
oceans and their bays, estuaries, coas…
the loss of intercellular endo-symbionts from coral either th…
What are major threats to coral reefs?
What % of the world is covered by water? How much is saltwate…
Examples of saltwater or marine life zones...
Coral Bleaching
the loss of intercellular endo-symbionts from coral either th…
overfishing, using cyanide and dynamit…
What are major threats to coral reefs?
24 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
Characteristics of a Biological Commun…
Species Equilibrium Model
Native Species
Nonnative Species
The physical appearance, the species diversity (richness and…
The number of species found on an island is determined by a b…
Species that normally live and thrive in a particular ecosyst…
Species that migrate into an ecosystem or are deliberately or…
Characteristics of a Biological Commun…
The physical appearance, the species diversity (richness and…
Species Equilibrium Model
The number of species found on an island is determined by a b…
34 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 - Agriculture and Aquaculture
Malnourishment
Anemia
Vitamin A deficiency
Goiter
A nutritional imbalance caused by lack of specific dietary co…
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
Night Blindness, dry skin, keratomalacia of the eye, immune i…
An enlargement / tumor of the thyroid gland caused by hypothy…
Malnourishment
A nutritional imbalance caused by lack of specific dietary co…
Anemia
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
55 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 8
Oceanic Plates
Subsurface Mining
Placer Mining
Mountaintop Removal
Lie underneath ocean. Dense and rich in iron
Tunnels within mountain where people go in.
Process of looking for metals and precious stones in river se…
Miners remove entire top of a mountain with explosives
Oceanic Plates
Lie underneath ocean. Dense and rich in iron
Subsurface Mining
Tunnels within mountain where people go in.
55 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 8
Oceanic Plates
Subsurface Mining
Placer Mining
Mountaintop Removal
Lie underneath ocean. Dense and rich in iron
Tunnels within mountain where people go in.
Process of looking for metals and precious stones in river se…
Miners remove entire top of a mountain with explosives
Oceanic Plates
Lie underneath ocean. Dense and rich in iron
Subsurface Mining
Tunnels within mountain where people go in.
49 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 (Earth Systems)
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Above core. Molten rock
Molten Rock
Located in the outer part of mantle, made of semi-molten, fle…
Core
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Mantle
Above core. Molten rock
18 terms
Environmental Science for AP Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
The innermost zone of Earth.
Layer of the earth directly above the core. Contains magma.
Molten rock.
Layer of semi-molten, ductile (flexible) rock. Located in the…
Core
The innermost zone of Earth.
Mantle
Layer of the earth directly above the core. Contains magma.
32 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
What are the 5 basic interactions of s…
Predation
Competition
Mutualism
Predation, competition, mutalism, commensalism and parasitism
Members of 1 species (predator) feed directly on all or part…
Food, sunlight, water, soil, space, etc... Competitive exclusion…
2 species interact in a way that benefits both. EX1: dispensi…
What are the 5 basic interactions of s…
Predation, competition, mutalism, commensalism and parasitism
Predation
Members of 1 species (predator) feed directly on all or part…
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