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Study sets matching "ap chapter 8"

47 terms
AP Chapter 8
Octet Rule
Metals
Non-metals
Ion
Atoms gain or lose electrons to get a full outermost energy l…
They normally lose electrons during chemical reactions. Usual…
They normally gain electrons during chemical reactions. Usual…
An atom that has a net positive or negative charge.
Octet Rule
Atoms gain or lose electrons to get a full outermost energy l…
Metals
They normally lose electrons during chemical reactions. Usual…
43 terms
APES Chapter 8
Earths Layers
Core
Mantle
Crust
the innermost zone of the planet made of nickel and iron. Sol…
above the core containing magma
the outermost layer of the planet.
Earths Layers
Core
the innermost zone of the planet made of nickel and iron. Sol…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
54 terms
AP Economics Chapter 8
economic cost
explicit cost
implicit cost
normal profit
A payment that must be made to obtain and retain the services…
The monetary payment a firm must make to an outsider to obtai…
The monetary income a firm sacrifices when it uses a resource…
The payment made by a firm to obtain and retain entrepreneuri…
economic cost
A payment that must be made to obtain and retain the services…
explicit cost
The monetary payment a firm must make to an outsider to obtai…
17 terms
AP Chapter 8 Ways of the World
Kami
Foot Binding
Neo-Confucianism
Murasaki Shikibu
Sacred spirits of Japan, whether ancestors or natural phenome…
Chinese practice of tightly wrapping girls' feet to keep them…
A philosophy that emerged in Song-Dynasty China; it revived C…
Perhaps Japan's greatest author, a woman active at the Heian…
Kami
Sacred spirits of Japan, whether ancestors or natural phenome…
Foot Binding
Chinese practice of tightly wrapping girls' feet to keep them…
20 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 8
Era of Good Feelings
sectionalism
cultural nationalism
economic nationalism
Term to describe James Monroe's period as president (1817-182…
Identifying more with a certain section of the country rather…
pride and love of one's country and the characteristics that…
Political movement to subsidize internal improvements such as…
Era of Good Feelings
Term to describe James Monroe's period as president (1817-182…
sectionalism
Identifying more with a certain section of the country rather…
52 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
31 terms
AP Psych Chapter 8
Cognitive Psychology
Thinking
Mental Images
Concepts
- The branch of psychology that focuses on the study of highe…
- The manipulation of mental representations of information.
- Representations in the mind of an object or event.
- A mental grouping of similar objects, events, or people.
Cognitive Psychology
- The branch of psychology that focuses on the study of highe…
Thinking
- The manipulation of mental representations of information.
39 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 8
Era of Good Feelings
sectionalism
James Monroe
cultural nationalism
Term to describe James Monroe's period as president (1817-182…
The Era of Good Feelings was damaged by the sectional controv…
The fifth President of the United States (1817-1825). His adm…
A new generation was interested in expanding west, had little…
Era of Good Feelings
Term to describe James Monroe's period as president (1817-182…
sectionalism
The Era of Good Feelings was damaged by the sectional controv…
26 terms
AP Chapter 8
Party in the Electorate
Party as an Organization
Party in the Government
Linkage Institutions
Parties are easy to join, it is not legally binding, easy to…
Has rules, bylaws, national HQ, state and local HQ, leadershi…
All elected officials who claim to be of a party, do not agre…
The channels through which people's concerns become political…
Party in the Electorate
Parties are easy to join, it is not legally binding, easy to…
Party as an Organization
Has rules, bylaws, national HQ, state and local HQ, leadershi…
38 terms
APES Friedland Chapter 8
mantle
magma
asthenosphere
lithosphere
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
molten rock
located in the outer part of the mantle and is composed of se…
a 60 mile think layer that includes the solid upper mantle as…
mantle
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
magma
molten rock
95 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 8
Cell division
Chromosomes
Asexual reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Reproduction at the cellular level,... requires the duplication…
The structures that contain most of the cells DNA
Creation of genetically identical offspring by a single paren…
Requires fertilization of an egg by a sperm. Testes and ovari…
Cell division
Reproduction at the cellular level,... requires the duplication…
Chromosomes
The structures that contain most of the cells DNA
14 terms
AP Euro Chapter 8
Mercantilism
Casa de Contratacion
War of Spanish Succession
Treaty of Utrecht
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase the…
formed to carry out the Spanish commercial interests, it beca…
a conflict, lasting from 1701 to 1713, in which a number of E…
1713, ended War of Spanish Succession between Louis XIV's Fra…
Mercantilism
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase the…
Casa de Contratacion
formed to carry out the Spanish commercial interests, it beca…
62 terms
AP biology chapter 8 photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
are capable of synthesizing their own…
Process that converts solar energy into chemical energy
Consume energy from the sun
Obtain their organic molecules from other organisms (You and I)
photoautotrauphs
Photosynthesis
Process that converts solar energy into chemical energy
Autotrophs
Consume energy from the sun
38 terms
AP Bio Chapter 8 - Intro to Metabolism
metabolism
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
energy
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
a metabolic process that breaks down complex molecules into s…
a metabolic process that consumes energy to build complicated…
the capacity to cause change
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
catabolic pathway
a metabolic process that breaks down complex molecules into s…
48 terms
AP Vocab Chapter 8
religion
universalizing religion
traditional religion
monotheistic
cultural system of beliefs, traditions, and practices, often…
Faiths that seek to convert nonbelievers to their ranks.
Faiths practiced by small, isolated groups of people who larg…
A type of religion that believes in one Supreme Being.
religion
cultural system of beliefs, traditions, and practices, often…
universalizing religion
Faiths that seek to convert nonbelievers to their ranks.
17 terms
AP Chapter 8 Ways of the World
Kami
Foot Binding
Neo-Confucianism
Murasaki Shikibu
Sacred spirits of Japan, whether ancestors or natural phenome…
Chinese practice of tightly wrapping girls' feet to keep them…
A philosophy that emerged in Song-Dynasty China; it revived C…
Perhaps Japan's greatest author, a woman active at the Heian…
Kami
Sacred spirits of Japan, whether ancestors or natural phenome…
Foot Binding
Chinese practice of tightly wrapping girls' feet to keep them…
128 terms
Cracking the AP: Chapter 8 (E Block)
Missouri Compromise
Election of 1824
Congressional caucuses
Patrick Henry
Admitted Missouri as slave state and admitted Maine as a non-…
John Quincy Adams elected, no majority forced the House to pi…
Congressmen who picked people to run for their party, instead…
A leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who s…
Missouri Compromise
Admitted Missouri as slave state and admitted Maine as a non-…
Election of 1824
John Quincy Adams elected, no majority forced the House to pi…
46 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Emotion
James-Lange Theory
Canon-Bard Theory
Two-factor Theory
A four-part process that involves physiological arousal, subj…
The proposal that an emotion-provoking stimulus produces a ph…
The counterproposal that an emotional feeling and an internal…
The proposal claiming that emotion results from the cognitive…
Emotion
A four-part process that involves physiological arousal, subj…
James-Lange Theory
The proposal that an emotion-provoking stimulus produces a ph…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8 Vocab
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; emergent pr…
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
pathways that release energy by breaking down complex molecul…
pathways that consume energy to build complicated molecules f…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; emergent pr…
metabolic pathway
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 8
bond energy
ionic bonding
ionic compound
Coulomb's Law
the energy required to break a given chemical bond
the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions
a compound that results when a metal reacts with a nonmetal t…
E = 2.31 x 10^-19 (Q1Q2 / r) where E is the energy of interac…
bond energy
the energy required to break a given chemical bond
ionic bonding
the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions
32 terms
Chapter 8 AP Biology Terms
The Living Cell
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathways
-Miniature chemical factory... -cell extracts energy and applies…
-the totality of an organism's chemical reactions... -its an eme…
-his starts with a specific molecule and ends with a product…
-release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpl…
The Living Cell
-Miniature chemical factory... -cell extracts energy and applies…
Metabolism
-the totality of an organism's chemical reactions... -its an eme…
42 terms
AP Human Geography Chapter 8: Political Geography
Political Geography
State
Territory
Territoriality
A subdivision of human geography focused on the nature and im…
A politically organized territory that is administered by a s…
Area of land controlled by a nation.
In political geography, a country's or more local community's…
Political Geography
A subdivision of human geography focused on the nature and im…
State
A politically organized territory that is administered by a s…
38 terms
AP Bio Sherrill Chapter 8 - Intro to Metabolism
metabolism
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
energy
the total of an organism's chemical reaction
a metabolic process that breaks down complex molecules into s…
a metabolic process that consumes energy to build complicated…
the capacity to cause change
metabolism
the total of an organism's chemical reaction
catabolic pathway
a metabolic process that breaks down complex molecules into s…
27 terms
AP Government Chapter 8
Party Competition
Political Party
Linkage Institutions
Party Image
The battle of the parties for control of public offices. Ups…
Women and Men who share basic beliefs and and a label who are…
The channels through which people's concerns become political…
The voter's perception of what the Republicans or Democrats s…
Party Competition
The battle of the parties for control of public offices. Ups…
Political Party
Women and Men who share basic beliefs and and a label who are…
39 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 8
Era of Good Feelings
sectionalism
James Monroe
cultural nationalism
Term to describe James Monroe's period as president (1817-182…
The Era of Good Feelings was damaged by the sectional controv…
The fifth President of the United States (1817-1825). His adm…
A new generation was interested in expanding west, had little…
Era of Good Feelings
Term to describe James Monroe's period as president (1817-182…
sectionalism
The Era of Good Feelings was damaged by the sectional controv…
47 terms
APES Friedland Chapter 8
mantle
magma
asthenosphere
lithosphere
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
molten rock
located in the outer part of the mantle and is composed of se…
a 60 mile think layer that includes the solid upper mantle as…
mantle
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
magma
molten rock
AP Biology - Chapter 8
metabolism
metabole
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
change
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
metabole
change
29 terms
AP Bio Chapter 8
Metabolism
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
Thermodynamics
Sum of all chemical processes
Break down molecules into simpler molecules; release energy
Consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones
Study of energy transformation
Metabolism
Sum of all chemical processes
Catabolic pathways
Break down molecules into simpler molecules; release energy
31 terms
APES FHS Chapter 8
health
disease
morbidity
mortality
a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being;…
an abnormal change in the body's condition that impairs impor…
illness
death
health
a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being;…
disease
an abnormal change in the body's condition that impairs impor…
5 terms
AP Stats: Chapter 8
Extrapolation
Outlier
Leverage
Influential point
Although linear models provide an easy way to predic values o…
Any data point that stands away from the others can be called…
Data points whose x-values are far from the mean of x are sai…
If omitting a point from the data results in a very different…
Extrapolation
Although linear models provide an easy way to predic values o…
Outlier
Any data point that stands away from the others can be called…
70 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
∆G
∆H
∆S
∆G=∆H-T∆S
the change in free energy
change in total energy
change in entropy
the change in free energy during a process is related to the…
∆G
the change in free energy
∆H
change in total energy
19 terms
AP HuG: Chapter 8 - Political Geography
balance of power
boundary
city-state
colonialism
condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countrie…
invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory
a sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterl…
attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose…
balance of power
condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countrie…
boundary
invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory
48 terms
AP HUG - Chapter 8
Religion
Universalizing Religions
Ethnic Religions
Traditional Religions
A cultural system of beliefs, traditions, and practices, ofte…
Faiths that seek to convert nonbelievers to their ranks.
Religions that are primarily associated with one ethnicity, s…
Faiths practiced by small, isolated groups of people who larg…
Religion
A cultural system of beliefs, traditions, and practices, ofte…
Universalizing Religions
Faiths that seek to convert nonbelievers to their ranks.
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8 Nolinscience Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
82 terms
ap chapter 8
pectoral girdles
clavical and scapula
clavicle
clavicle
attach the upper limbs to the axial skeleton
bones of pectoral girdles
collarbone
s shaped bone that articulates with the manubrium of the ster…
pectoral girdles
attach the upper limbs to the axial skeleton
clavical and scapula
bones of pectoral girdles
9 terms
APES Withgott Chapter 8
IPAT Model
Demography
TFR
Replacement Fertility
A formula that represents how humans' total impact (I) on the…
Scientific study of human populations.
(Total Fertility Rate) The number of births that 1,000 women…
The total fertility rate at which women would have only enoug…
IPAT Model
A formula that represents how humans' total impact (I) on the…
Demography
Scientific study of human populations.
21 terms
AP Macro Chapter 8
Business cycle
Coincident indicator
Depression
Discouraged workers
Fluctuations in the economy between growth and stagnation
A variable that changes at the same time as real output changes
A severe, prolonged economic contraction
Workers who have stopped looking for a job because they belie…
Business cycle
Fluctuations in the economy between growth and stagnation
Coincident indicator
A variable that changes at the same time as real output changes
34 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 8
Metabolism
Metabolic pathways
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product
Release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simple…
Consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones (…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Metabolic pathways
Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product
39 terms
AP Psych Chapter 8
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
the view that psychology should be an objective science that…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
52 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
Metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
breaking a complex molecule down into its simpler parts, rele…
using energy to build complex molecules from simpler molecule…
Metabolism
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
metabolic pathway
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
24 terms
Chapter 8 AP
3 types of muscle tissue
moves blood throughout the body
moves bones
moves food and or waste
skeletal smooth cardiac
cardiac
skeletal
smooth
3 types of muscle tissue
skeletal smooth cardiac
moves blood throughout the body
cardiac
26 terms
AP Government Chapter 8
Party Competition
Political Party
Linkage Institutions
Rational-Choice Theory
The battle of the parties for the control of public offices.
A team of men and women seeking to control the governing appa…
The channels through which people's concerns become political…
A popular theory in political science to explain the actions…
Party Competition
The battle of the parties for the control of public offices.
Political Party
A team of men and women seeking to control the governing appa…
19 terms
chapter 8 ap world
sui dynasty
han and Roman empires
tang dynasty
Chinese empire
reunited china at the end of the 6th century to establish thi…
even though they suffered many of the same setbacks that led…
just as shi huangdi's short lived Qin dynasty paved way for t…
held together by one of yangdi's officials , li yuan, the duk…
sui dynasty
reunited china at the end of the 6th century to establish thi…
han and Roman empires
even though they suffered many of the same setbacks that led…
17 terms
AP Statistics TPS5e Chapter 8 terms - estimating with confidence
point estimate
confidence interval
"level of confidence" or "confidence l…
calculating the margin of error
the value of a statistic from a sample that is used as an est…
An interval of numbers that provide a set of plausible values…
The expected percent of intervals that will contain the param…
On the formula packet, the ME is everything after the ± sign.…
point estimate
the value of a statistic from a sample that is used as an est…
confidence interval
An interval of numbers that provide a set of plausible values…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
Trait
True Breeding
P Generation
F1 Generation
every variant for a character
-varieties over many generations... -produced only same variety…
-parental generation... -true breeding parents
-first filial generation... -hybrid offspring of P generation
Trait
every variant for a character
True Breeding
-varieties over many generations... -produced only same variety…
29 terms
AP Bio Chapter 8
Metabolism
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
Thermodynamics
Sum of all chemical processes
Break down molecules into simpler molecules; release energy
Consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones
Study of energy transformation
Metabolism
Sum of all chemical processes
Catabolic pathways
Break down molecules into simpler molecules; release energy
34 terms
APES Chapter 8 Vocab
Keystone species
Population dynamics
Clumping
Uniform dispersion
Species that holds together an ecosystem
How a population changes and what causes that change
Population pattern where species gather in clumps around reso…
Evenly distributed individuals in a population
Keystone species
Species that holds together an ecosystem
Population dynamics
How a population changes and what causes that change
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