How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "ap chem chapter 13"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "ap chem chapter 13"

35 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13
component
solvent
solutes
aqueous solutions
each of the substances in a solution
normally the component present in the greatest amount
components within solution that are in lesser amounts than ot…
solutions that contain water as a solvent and a gas, liquid,…
component
each of the substances in a solution
solvent
normally the component present in the greatest amount
44 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 13
chemical kinetics
reaction rate
fast rate
slow rate
the study of how things that happen on a molecular level over…
a measure of how fast a reaction occurs
large fraction of molecules react to form products in a given…
small amount of molecules react to form products in a given p…
chemical kinetics
the study of how things that happen on a molecular level over…
reaction rate
a measure of how fast a reaction occurs
44 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 13
chemical kinetics
reaction rate
fast rate
slow rate
the study of how things that happen on a molecular level over…
a measure of how fast a reaction occurs
large fraction of molecules react to form products in a given…
small amount of molecules react to form products in a given p…
chemical kinetics
the study of how things that happen on a molecular level over…
reaction rate
a measure of how fast a reaction occurs
24 terms
AP Chemistry - Chapter 13
Chemical Equilibrium
Law of mass action
Equilibrium expression
Equilibrium constant
A dynamic reaction system in which the concentrations of all…
A general description of equilibrium condition; it defines th…
A relationship obtained by multiplying the product concentrat…
The value obtained when equilibrium concentrations of the che…
Chemical Equilibrium
A dynamic reaction system in which the concentrations of all…
Law of mass action
A general description of equilibrium condition; it defines th…
29 terms
AP/ACC Chemistry Goeddel Chapter 13
The ability of substances to form solu…
Is the mixing of gases gradual?
Is there an increase or decrease in en…
3 kinds of intermolecular interactions…
-The natural tendency of substances to mix and spread into la…
No, spontaneous... -It occurs of its own accord without any inpu…
Increase - they become more randomly distributed... -The formati…
-Solute-solute interactions between solute particles must be…
The ability of substances to form solu…
-The natural tendency of substances to mix and spread into la…
Is the mixing of gases gradual?
No, spontaneous... -It occurs of its own accord without any inpu…
9 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocab - Equilibrium Zumdahl
Chemical equilibrium
Law of mass action
Equilibrium expression
Equilibrium constant
a dynamic reaction system in which the concentrations of all…
a general description of the equilibrium condition; it define…
the expression (from the law of mass action) obtained by mult…
the value obtained when equilibrium concentrations of the che…
Chemical equilibrium
a dynamic reaction system in which the concentrations of all…
Law of mass action
a general description of the equilibrium condition; it define…
35 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13
Solutions
Homogeneous mixture
Solute
Solvent
Homogeneous mixture of two or more pure substances
Two substances that look alike
One you have least of
One you have most of
Solutions
Homogeneous mixture of two or more pure substances
Homogeneous mixture
Two substances that look alike
12 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13
chemical equilibrium
product favored
reactant favored
homogeneous equilibrium
when the rate of a forward reaction and a reverse reaction ar…
a reaction that has a greater concentration of products than…
a reaction that has a greater concentration of reactants than…
all reactants and products are in the same phase
chemical equilibrium
when the rate of a forward reaction and a reverse reaction ar…
product favored
a reaction that has a greater concentration of products than…
27 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13
solute
solvent
saturated solution
solutbility
what is dissolving
what the solute is dissolving into
maximum amount of solute that will dissolve
the amount of solute needed to form a saturated solution
solute
what is dissolving
solvent
what the solute is dissolving into
9 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13 Zumdahl Vocabulary
Chemical equilibrium
Law of mass action
Equilibrium expression
Equilibrium constant
a dynamic reaction system in which the concentrations of all…
a general description of the equilibrium condition; it define…
the expression (from the law of mass action) obtained by mult…
the value obtained when equilibrium concentrations of the che…
Chemical equilibrium
a dynamic reaction system in which the concentrations of all…
Law of mass action
a general description of the equilibrium condition; it define…
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chpt 13: Equilibrium
Chemical Equilibrium
units for K
K<= 10⁻¹⁰
K>= 10¹⁰
A dynamic state where two opposing reactions occur simultaneo…
none
Reaction never really got started. No reaction. Reverse react…
Reaction essentially goes to completion. No equilibrium. The…
Chemical Equilibrium
A dynamic state where two opposing reactions occur simultaneo…
units for K
none
30 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13
Solute
Solution
Miscible
Solubility
The substance that dissolves in the solvent
A mixture that has no visible boundaries among its components
Soluble in each other in any proportion, you can't call one t…
The maximum amount that dissolves in a fixed quantity of a pa…
Solute
The substance that dissolves in the solvent
Solution
A mixture that has no visible boundaries among its components
35 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 13
solute
solvent
miscible
solubility
the substance that dissolves in the solvent
the substance in which the solute dissolves
soluble in any proportion
the maximum amount of solute that dissolves in a fixed quanti…
solute
the substance that dissolves in the solvent
solvent
the substance in which the solute dissolves
9 terms
AP CHEMISTRY Chapter 13 - Equilibrium
definition of equilibrium
k>1
k<1
what concentrations go into the Q stat…
when 2 reactions (forward and reverse) have the same rate.
favored products
favored reactants
Q- initial... K- equilibrium
definition of equilibrium
when 2 reactions (forward and reverse) have the same rate.
k>1
favored products
27 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13
chemical equilibrium
which direction does the equilibrium p…
why is equilibrium highly dynamic?
what happens if inject more of a react…
state where concentrations of all reactants and products rema…
1) when reaction goes to completion and more product than rea…
reactants and products being produced at same rate
It will speed up (more molecules= more collisions) going to t…
chemical equilibrium
state where concentrations of all reactants and products rema…
which direction does the equilibrium p…
1) when reaction goes to completion and more product than rea…
51 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13
Ionic Examples
Ionic Structural Units
Ionic Forces
Ionic Properties
NaCl, K2SO4, CaCl2
positive and negative ions; no discrete molecules
ionic; attractions on charges on ions
Hard, high MP, poor conductivity as solid, good as liquid
Ionic Examples
NaCl, K2SO4, CaCl2
Ionic Structural Units
positive and negative ions; no discrete molecules
AP Chemistry Chapter 13
Component
Solvent
Solute
Solvation
each of the substances in a solution
the component present in the greatest amount
other components not present in the greatest amount
the clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particles
Component
each of the substances in a solution
Solvent
the component present in the greatest amount
34 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13
solute
solvent
miscible
solubility
The substance that dissolves in the solvent
the substance in which the solute dissolves
soluble in any proportion
the maximum amount of solute that dissolves in a fixed quanti…
solute
The substance that dissolves in the solvent
solvent
the substance in which the solute dissolves
20 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13 Definitions
Solute
Miscible
Solubility
Solvent
Dissolves in solvent
Substances that mix
The maximum amount of solute that dissolves in solvent
Normally more abundant dissolved solute
Solute
Dissolves in solvent
Miscible
Substances that mix
25 terms
Chapter 13 AP Chemistry Vocab
Solvation
Hydration
Crystillization
Solubility
The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle.
Solvation when the solvent is water.
The process in which molecules, ions, or atoms come together…
The amount of a substance that dissolves in a given quantity…
Solvation
The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle.
Hydration
Solvation when the solvent is water.
23 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13
solvation
hydration
crystallization
saturated
the attractive interaction of solvent molecules with a solute
when the solvent is water
the reverse process of solution; these occur symultaneoulsy
in a solution in equilibrium with undissolved solute the two…
solvation
the attractive interaction of solvent molecules with a solute
hydration
when the solvent is water
17 terms
Ap chemistry chapter 13
dynamic equilibrium
LeChateliers principle
increasing concentration
decreasing concentration
over time the concentrations of the reactants decrease and th…
if a change is imposed on a system at equilibrium the positio…
shifts in the direction that consumes the component that was…
shifts in the direction that produces the component that was…
dynamic equilibrium
over time the concentrations of the reactants decrease and th…
LeChateliers principle
if a change is imposed on a system at equilibrium the positio…
31 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13
Solute
Solvent
Three processes affect the energetics…
spontaneity
the compound that is being dissolved in solution.
the compound that is dissolving the solute in the solution.
1. Separation of solute particles... 2. Separation of solvent pa…
- the spontaneity (or favorability) of a reaction has a major…
Solute
the compound that is being dissolved in solution.
Solvent
the compound that is dissolving the solute in the solution.
149 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 13 Solutions
ion-dipole interactions are the most
exothermic processes tend to be
a few ionic compounds dissolve exother…
most ionic compounds dissolve
common forces of attraction when ionic compounds dissolve in…
spontaneous
the forces required to overcome the ionic bonds of the solid…
endothermically (energy required to break the ionic bonds is…
ion-dipole interactions are the most
common forces of attraction when ionic compounds dissolve in…
exothermic processes tend to be
spontaneous
36 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13
Ionic solid Properties
What forces hold together ionic solids?
Structural units of Ionic solids
Metallic Solid properties
hard, brittls, high MP, poor electric conductivity as solid,…
Ionic; attractions among charges on positive and negative ions
Positive and negative ions
malleable, brittle, good electric conductivity in solid and l…
Ionic solid Properties
hard, brittls, high MP, poor electric conductivity as solid,…
What forces hold together ionic solids?
Ionic; attractions among charges on positive and negative ions
40 terms
Chapter 13 AP Chemistry Vocabulary
chemical kinetics
catalyst
reaction rate
average (rate)
study of reaction rates, how they change under varying reacti…
substance that increases the rate of a reaction without being…
increase in molar concentration of product of a reaction per…
rate of reaction over a time interval (delta t)
chemical kinetics
study of reaction rates, how they change under varying reacti…
catalyst
substance that increases the rate of a reaction without being…
34 terms
AP Chemistry Key Terms: Chapter 13
solute
solvent
miscible
solubility
the substance that dissolves in the solvent
the substance in which the solute dissolves
soluble in any proportion
the maximum amount of solute that dissolves in a fixed quanti…
solute
the substance that dissolves in the solvent
solvent
the substance in which the solute dissolves
AP Chemistry Chapter 13: Solutions
solution
solute
solvent
natural processes tend to be
homogenous mixture of two or more pure substances
present in smallest amount
present in largest amount
exothermic
solution
homogenous mixture of two or more pure substances
solute
present in smallest amount
40 terms
AP Chemistry Vocab Chapter 13
chemical kinetics
catalyst
reaction rate
average rate
study of reaction rates how they change under varying reactio…
substance that increases the rate of a reaction without being…
increase in molar concentration of product of a reaction per…
rate of reaction over a time interval
chemical kinetics
study of reaction rates how they change under varying reactio…
catalyst
substance that increases the rate of a reaction without being…
28 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocb
Solute
Solution
Miscible ... Soluble in each other in any…
Solubility ... The maximum amount that di…
The substance that dissolves in the solvent
A mixture that has no visible boundaries among its components
Miscible ... Soluble in each other in any proportion, you can't…
Solubility ... The maximum amount that dissolves in a fixed quan…
Solute
The substance that dissolves in the solvent
Solution
A mixture that has no visible boundaries among its components
9 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13 Key Terms
chemical equilibrium
law of mass action
equilibrium expression
equilibrium constant
a dynamic reaction system in which the concentrations of all…
a general description of the equilibrium condition; it define…
obtained by multiplying the product concentrations and dividi…
the value obtained when equilibrium concentrations of the che…
chemical equilibrium
a dynamic reaction system in which the concentrations of all…
law of mass action
a general description of the equilibrium condition; it define…
20 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13-14
Strong acids
HX is always greater in concentration…
Strong bases
Arrenhius
HCl, HBr, HI, H2SO4, HNO3, HCLO4
H+
Group 1, Ca, Sr, Ba Hydroxides
Acids have H+ while bases have OH-
Strong acids
HCl, HBr, HI, H2SO4, HNO3, HCLO4
HX is always greater in concentration…
H+
23 terms
AP chemistry chapter 13+14
Chemical equilibrium: the state where…
Once equilibrium occurs, the concentra…
The equilibrium expression for a react…
Homogeneous equilibria: where all reac…
...
...
...
...
Chemical equilibrium: the state where…
...
Once equilibrium occurs, the concentra…
...
102 terms
Chapter 13 AP Chemistry (Solutions)
Solution
Solute
Solvent
Concentration
Homogeneous Solution (ex: salt water, tea, alloy, air)
Being dissolved (smaller quantity)
Doing the dissolving (larger quantity)
Numerical value for how much solute is dissolved
Solution
Homogeneous Solution (ex: salt water, tea, alloy, air)
Solute
Being dissolved (smaller quantity)
27 terms
Chapter 13: Equilibrium (AP Chemistry)
Chemical Equilibrium
units for K
K<= 10⁻¹°
K>= 10¹°
A dynamic state where two opposing reactions occur simultaneo…
Depend on the reaction and they vary. They are frequently omi…
Reaction never really got started. No reaction. Reverse react…
Reaction essentially goes to completion. No equilibrium. The…
Chemical Equilibrium
A dynamic state where two opposing reactions occur simultaneo…
units for K
Depend on the reaction and they vary. They are frequently omi…
9 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13 (Zumdahl) Vocab
Chemical Equilibrium
Law of Mass Action
Equilibrium Expression
Equilibrium Constant
The state in which both reactants and products are present in…
The proposition that the rate of a chemical reaction is direc…
The concentration of each product raised to its coefficient i…
The value of the reaction quotient when the reaction has reac…
Chemical Equilibrium
The state in which both reactants and products are present in…
Law of Mass Action
The proposition that the rate of a chemical reaction is direc…
18 terms
Chapter 13 AP Chem
entropy
intermolecular forces
intermolecular interactions (solution…
solute-solute
the "force" that causes the formation of a mixture is the nat…
a set of forces that causes mixtures to form. dipole-dipole,…
solute-solute, solvent-solvent, solvent-solute
interactions between solute particles that must be overcome i…
entropy
the "force" that causes the formation of a mixture is the nat…
intermolecular forces
a set of forces that causes mixtures to form. dipole-dipole,…
27 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13 (Kinetics) Monitor Sheet
Rate law:
Rate Constant:
Reaction Order:
Overall Order:
A relationship between the rate of a reaction an the concentr…
A constant of proportionality in the rate law
A value in the rate law that determines how the rate depends…
The sum of the orders of all the reactants in a chemical equa…
Rate law:
A relationship between the rate of a reaction an the concentr…
Rate Constant:
A constant of proportionality in the rate law
22 terms
AP Biology Chapter 13
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
47 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13 Study Guide
Solution
Solute
Solvent
Solution Equilibrium
A mixture of substances that has a uniform composition (homog…
A substance dissolved in a solution.
the dissolving medium in a solution.
the physical state in which the opposing processes of dissolu…
Solution
A mixture of substances that has a uniform composition (homog…
Solute
A substance dissolved in a solution.
34 terms
AP World- Chapter 13
Akbar
Aurangzeb
Columbian exchange
Constantinople, 1453
The most famous emperor of India's Mughal Empire (1556-1605);…
Mughal emperor (1658-1707) who reversed his predecessors' pol…
The massive transatlantic interaction and exchange between th…
Constantinople, the capital and almost the only outpost left…
Akbar
The most famous emperor of India's Mughal Empire (1556-1605);…
Aurangzeb
Mughal emperor (1658-1707) who reversed his predecessors' pol…
9 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13 Key Terms
chemical equilibrium
law of mass action
equilibrium expression
equilibrium constant
a dynamic reaction system in which the concentrations of all…
a general description of the equilibrium condition; it define…
(from the law of mass action) obtained by multiplying the pro…
the value obtained when equilibrium concentrations of the che…
chemical equilibrium
a dynamic reaction system in which the concentrations of all…
law of mass action
a general description of the equilibrium condition; it define…
17 terms
Chapter 13 Chemistry
Barometer
Torr (mm Hg)
Standard atmosphere
Pascal
an instrument measuring atmospheric pressure, used especially…
a unit of pressure used in measuring partial vacuums, equal t…
1. an arbitrarily determined vertical distribution of atmosph…
the standard unit of pressure or stress in the International…
Barometer
an instrument measuring atmospheric pressure, used especially…
Torr (mm Hg)
a unit of pressure used in measuring partial vacuums, equal t…
35 terms
Chapter 13: Equilibrium (AP Chemistry)
Chemical Equilibrium
units for K
K<= 10⁻¹°
K>= 10¹°
A dynamic state where two opposing reactions occur simultaneo…
Depend on the reaction and they vary. They are frequently omi…
Reaction never really got started. No reaction. Reverse react…
Reaction essentially goes to completion. No equilibrium. The…
Chemical Equilibrium
A dynamic state where two opposing reactions occur simultaneo…
units for K
Depend on the reaction and they vary. They are frequently omi…
9 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13 Zumdahl Vocabulary
Chemical equilibrium
Law of mass action
Equilibrium expression
Equilibrium constant
a dynamic reaction system in which the concentrations of all…
a general description of the equilibrium condition; it define…
the expression (from the law of mass action) obtained by mult…
the value obtained when equilibrium concentrations of the che…
Chemical equilibrium
a dynamic reaction system in which the concentrations of all…
Law of mass action
a general description of the equilibrium condition; it define…
29 terms
Pre-Ap Chemistry Chapter 13 and 17
Allotrope
Amorphous Solid
Atmospheric pressure
Barometer
One of two or more different molecular forms of an element in…
Describes a solid that lacks an ordered internal structure, d…
The pressure exerted by atoms and molecules in the atmosphere…
An instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure.
Allotrope
One of two or more different molecular forms of an element in…
Amorphous Solid
Describes a solid that lacks an ordered internal structure, d…
55 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 13; Properties of Solutions
True or False: solutions may only be l…
What is a solution?
True or False: in the process of makin…
If water is a solvent, what do we call…
False; solutions can be solids, liquids, or gases.
A homogeneous mixture of solute (present in smallest amount)…
False; intermolecular forces are rearranged.
Hydrated.
True or False: solutions may only be l…
False; solutions can be solids, liquids, or gases.
What is a solution?
A homogeneous mixture of solute (present in smallest amount)…
22 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 13
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
36 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 13
Free-Soil party
conscience Whigs
barnburners
New England Emigrant Aid Company
In 1848, Northerns organized this party to advocate that the…
Whigs that opposed slavery. (p. 248)
Antislavery Democrats, whose defection threatened to destroy…
Northern abolitionist and Free-Soilers set up this company to…
Free-Soil party
In 1848, Northerns organized this party to advocate that the…
conscience Whigs
Whigs that opposed slavery. (p. 248)
31 terms
AP Envi Sci Chapter 13
Energy conservation
Energy efficiency
Global renewable energy
US renewable energy
Finding ways to use less energy
Getting the same result from using a smaller amount of energy
13%
7%
Energy conservation
Finding ways to use less energy
Energy efficiency
Getting the same result from using a smaller amount of energy
1 of 10