How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "ap chem chapter 3"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "ap chem chapter 3"

19 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
stoichiometry
chemical reactions
reactants
products
area of study that examines the quantities of substances cons…
a concise way of representing chemical reactions
the starting substances in a chemical reaction that are repre…
the substances produced in a chemical reaction that are repre…
stoichiometry
area of study that examines the quantities of substances cons…
chemical reactions
a concise way of representing chemical reactions
14 terms
AP Chemistry chapter 3
Stoichiometry
Chemical equation
Reactants
Products
The study of the quantitative relationships between chemical…
Shows the number of atoms and elements on each side of the eq…
Balance equations by placing coefficients in front of, this i…
Balance equations by placing coefficients in front of, this i…
Stoichiometry
The study of the quantitative relationships between chemical…
Chemical equation
Shows the number of atoms and elements on each side of the eq…
53 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 3
chemical bond
ionic bond
covalent bond
chemical formula
the sharing or transfer of electrons to attain stable electro…
a chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
a chemical bond in which two atoms share electrons that inter…
a symbolic representation of a compound that indicates the el…
chemical bond
the sharing or transfer of electrons to attain stable electro…
ionic bond
a chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
16 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Chemical stoichiometry
Mass spectrometer
Average atomic mass (atomic mass)
Mole
the area of study concerned with the quantities of materials…
instrument used for comparing the masses of atoms
the weighted average mass of the atoms in a naturally occurri…
the amount of substance of a system that contains many "eleme…
Chemical stoichiometry
the area of study concerned with the quantities of materials…
Mass spectrometer
instrument used for comparing the masses of atoms
20 terms
Ap Chemistry: Chapter 3 terms
Organic compounds
Hydrocarbons
functional hydrocarbons
functional group
a broad class of compounds that contain mostly carbons with f…
compounds that only contain carbon and hydrogen
contain a hydrocarbon group and a functional group
is a characteristic atom (ex: Br) or group of atoms (ex: CO2H)
Organic compounds
a broad class of compounds that contain mostly carbons with f…
Hydrocarbons
compounds that only contain carbon and hydrogen
18 terms
AP Chemistry - Chapter 3
atoms of the same element with differe…
Why do isotopes have different mass nu…
average of natural occurring isotopes
number of protons and neutrons in an a…
isotopes
different numbers of neutrons
mass number
mass number
atoms of the same element with differe…
isotopes
Why do isotopes have different mass nu…
different numbers of neutrons
53 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 3
chemical bond
ionic bond
covalent bond
chemical formula
the sharing or transfer of electrons to attain stable electro…
a chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
a chemical bond in which two atoms share electrons that inter…
a symbolic representation of a compound that indicates the el…
chemical bond
the sharing or transfer of electrons to attain stable electro…
ionic bond
a chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
17 terms
AP Chemistry Ch 3
Reactants
products
law of conservation of mass
ionic
chemical formulas left of the arrow
chemical formulas right of the arrow
atoms can neither be created or destroyed
metal + nonmetal bonded
Reactants
chemical formulas left of the arrow
products
chemical formulas right of the arrow
53 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 3
chemical bond
ionic bond
covalent bond
chemical formula
the sharing or transfer of electrons to attain stable electro…
a chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
a chemical bond in which two atoms share electrons that inter…
a symbolic representation of a compound that indicates the el…
chemical bond
the sharing or transfer of electrons to attain stable electro…
ionic bond
a chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
59 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3 - The Chemistry Of Organic Molecules
Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Molecules
Biomolecules
The chemistry of living organisms
The chemistry of nonliving matter
Molecules that contain both carbon and hydrogen atoms
Classes of organic compounds in living things: carbohydrates,…
Organic Chemistry
The chemistry of living organisms
Inorganic Chemistry
The chemistry of nonliving matter
45 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Atomic Theory
Compound
Law of definte proportions
law of conservation of mass
Atoms are the building blocks of matter
A pure substance cmposed of two or more atoms of two or more…
states that any chemical compound will always contain a fixed…
states the mass of the reactants in a reaction equals the mas…
Atomic Theory
Atoms are the building blocks of matter
Compound
A pure substance cmposed of two or more atoms of two or more…
26 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Average Atomic Mass
Electron
about the same as a proton
passed through / deflected
To determine the molar mass of an element, one most know the…
The part of an atom that has a mass approximately equal to on…
The mass of a neutron is __________________.
In Rutherford's experiments involving shooting positively-cha…
Average Atomic Mass
To determine the molar mass of an element, one most know the…
Electron
The part of an atom that has a mass approximately equal to on…
24 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
I can determine the molar mass of a co…
I can determine the mass percent of th…
I can determine the number of atoms of…
I can identify a compound from percent…
Molar mass is a sum of all atomic masses of elements within t…
The percent of a particular element in a compound can be foun…
...
...
I can determine the molar mass of a co…
Molar mass is a sum of all atomic masses of elements within t…
I can determine the mass percent of th…
The percent of a particular element in a compound can be foun…
17 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Atomic Weight
Mole
C-12 Scale
Mass Spectrometer
The weight in grams of 1 mole of atoms. Atomic weight is ofte…
6.022 x 10^23 objects. This is also called Avogadro's number.
A method of determining the atomic weights of elements by com…
An instrument that determines the atomic weight of an atom by…
Atomic Weight
The weight in grams of 1 mole of atoms. Atomic weight is ofte…
Mole
6.022 x 10^23 objects. This is also called Avogadro's number.
23 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 3
Reactants
Products
Coefficients
Chemical Equations: (g)
The chemical formulas to the left of the arrow represent star…
The chemical formulas to the right of the arrow represent sub…
The numbers in the front of the formulas
Gas
Reactants
The chemical formulas to the left of the arrow represent star…
Products
The chemical formulas to the right of the arrow represent sub…
22 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
atomic mass / weight
molecular mass / weight
formula mass / weight
isotopes
mass of a single atom
mass of a group of atoms or compounds
mass of the formula
atoms of an element differing only in # of nuetrons
atomic mass / weight
mass of a single atom
molecular mass / weight
mass of a group of atoms or compounds
19 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
average atomic mass
mass spectrometer
Avogadro's number
molar mass
weighted average mass based on isotopic composition; determin…
used to determine relative masses of atoms by the deflection…
6.022*10^23
mass in grams of one mole of a substance
average atomic mass
weighted average mass based on isotopic composition; determin…
mass spectrometer
used to determine relative masses of atoms by the deflection…
22 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Define reactant.
Define product.
Define combination reaction.
Define mole (mol)
A substance consumed during a chemical reaction.
A substance formed during a chemical reaction.
A reaction in which two (or more) substances combine to form…
An amount of material (atoms, ions, or molecules) that contai…
Define reactant.
A substance consumed during a chemical reaction.
Define product.
A substance formed during a chemical reaction.
12 terms
Chapter 3 Summary AP Chemistry
Average atomic mass formula
Formula mass
Percent composition formula
Mole number meaning
%abundance(atomic mass) + %abundance(atomic mass), etc...
Sum total of the individual atomic masses of the individual a…
((atomic mass of the element)/(Formula mass of the compound))…
6.02*10^23. ... The number of atoms in exactly 12 g of Carbon 12.
Average atomic mass formula
%abundance(atomic mass) + %abundance(atomic mass), etc...
Formula mass
Sum total of the individual atomic masses of the individual a…
23 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Stoichiometry
Law of Conservation of Mass
Chemical Equations
Reactants
Area of study that examines quantities of substances consumed…
Atoms are neither created or destroyed during a chemical reac…
Mathematic representation of chemical reactions.
Starting substances in a reaction.
Stoichiometry
Area of study that examines quantities of substances consumed…
Law of Conservation of Mass
Atoms are neither created or destroyed during a chemical reac…
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Stoichiometry
Antoine Lavoisier
Chemical equation
Reactant
the relationships among the quantities of reactants and produ…
discovered the important concept of the conservation of mass…
a representation of a chemical reaction using the chemical fo…
a starting substance in a chemical reaction; it appears to th…
Stoichiometry
the relationships among the quantities of reactants and produ…
Antoine Lavoisier
discovered the important concept of the conservation of mass…
24 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Stoichiometry
Chemical Equations
Reactants
Products
The area of study that examines the quantities of substances…
Used to represent chemical reactions
The chemical formulas to the left of the arrow; "starting sub…
The chemical formulas to the right of the arrow; substances p…
Stoichiometry
The area of study that examines the quantities of substances…
Chemical Equations
Used to represent chemical reactions
42 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Chemical equation
Reactants
Products
Combination reactions
Shows the number of atoms and elements on each side of the eq…
Balance equations by placing coefficients in front of, this i…
Balance equations by placing coefficients in front of, this i…
two reactants combining to form one product
Chemical equation
Shows the number of atoms and elements on each side of the eq…
Reactants
Balance equations by placing coefficients in front of, this i…
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Atomic Mass
Atomic Mass Unit
m (molality) =
Solute
(sometimes called atomic weight) it is the mass of the atom i…
defined as a mass exactly equal to 1/12 the mass of one carbo…
moles solute / Kg solvent
Thing being dissolved (salt)
Atomic Mass
(sometimes called atomic weight) it is the mass of the atom i…
Atomic Mass Unit
defined as a mass exactly equal to 1/12 the mass of one carbo…
15 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Mass Spectrometer
Average Atomic Mass
Mole
Molar Mass
An instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
The mass of an atom found by averaging the mass of its isotopes
The number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly twe…
The mass in grams of one mole of molecules or formula units o…
Mass Spectrometer
An instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
Average Atomic Mass
The mass of an atom found by averaging the mass of its isotopes
23 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3 - Stoichiometry Zumdahl
Average Mass
Mass Spectrometer
Average Atomic Mass
Mole
Total Mass of Objects divided by the Total Number of Objects
Most accurate method for comparing the masses of atoms... Atoms…
The average mass for an element combining all isotopes, usual…
The number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly 12…
Average Mass
Total Mass of Objects divided by the Total Number of Objects
Mass Spectrometer
Most accurate method for comparing the masses of atoms... Atoms…
41 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Average mass formula
Who were the 5 scientists that worked…
What is the modern system of atomic ma…
Mass spectrometer
average mass = (total mass of objects) / (number of objects)
Dalton, Gay-Lussac, Lavoisier, Avogadro, and Berzelius
carbon 12 is assigned a mass of exactly 12 atomic mass units…
the most accurate method available for comparing the masses o…
Average mass formula
average mass = (total mass of objects) / (number of objects)
Who were the 5 scientists that worked…
Dalton, Gay-Lussac, Lavoisier, Avogadro, and Berzelius
39 terms
Chapter 3 AP chemistry
Ionic bond
Covalent bond
Chemical formula
Empirical formula
A chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
A chemical bond in which two atoms share electrons that inter…
A symbolic representation of a compound that indicates the el…
A chemical formula that shows the simplest whole number ratio…
Ionic bond
A chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
Covalent bond
A chemical bond in which two atoms share electrons that inter…
12 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 3
Complete combustion
Incomplete combustion
Combination
Ionic bonds
CO2 + H2O
CO + H2O
Also known as synthesis, reactants form one product
When a metal and a nonmetal combine
Complete combustion
CO2 + H2O
Incomplete combustion
CO + H2O
18 terms
Chapter 3: Ap Chemistry
law of conservation of mass
chemical equation
reactants
products
atoms are neither created not destroyed during a chemical rea…
representation of a chemical reaction using the chemical form…
the chemical formulas to the left of the arrow
the chemical formulas to the right of the arrow
law of conservation of mass
atoms are neither created not destroyed during a chemical rea…
chemical equation
representation of a chemical reaction using the chemical form…
17 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Reactants
Products
Synthesis/Combination Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Listed in the left hand side of a chemical equation
Listed in the right hand side of a chemical equation
Two or more substances makes one product (A + B->AB)
One substance decomposes to two or more substances (AB->A + B)
Reactants
Listed in the left hand side of a chemical equation
Products
Listed in the right hand side of a chemical equation
51 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 3 and 5 Vocabulary
vinaigre
molecular mass (MM)
formula mass (FM)
mole concept
french for "sour wine", from which the name vinegar is derived
sum of the atomic masses of all the atoms in a molecule
sum of the atomic masses of all the atoms in a formula unit o…
idea of working with enormous quantities of tiny particles in…
vinaigre
french for "sour wine", from which the name vinegar is derived
molecular mass (MM)
sum of the atomic masses of all the atoms in a molecule
17 terms
SHS AP Chemistry (Stoichiometry Chapter 3)
mass spectrometer
average atomic mass
mole
Avogadro's number
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
atomic mass, the weighted average of the atomic masses of the…
the number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly 12…
mole
mass spectrometer
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
average atomic mass
atomic mass, the weighted average of the atomic masses of the…
21 terms
AP Chemistry, Chapter 3 Vocabulary
stoichiometry
law of conservation of mass
chemical equations
reactants
essential tool in chemistry, assists in measuring the concent…
atoms are neither created nor destroyed during any chemical r…
concise representation of chemical reactions
chemical formulas on the left of the arrow representing the s…
stoichiometry
essential tool in chemistry, assists in measuring the concent…
law of conservation of mass
atoms are neither created nor destroyed during any chemical r…
19 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
chemical stoichiometry
mass spectrometer
mole
average atomic mass
the calculation of the quantities of materials consumed and p…
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
the number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly 12…
the average mass of an element or the atomic mass
chemical stoichiometry
the calculation of the quantities of materials consumed and p…
mass spectrometer
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
22 terms
AP Chemistry Chang Chapter 3
Atomic mass
Atomic mass unit
Mole
Avogadro's number
the mass of the atom in atomic mass units
a mass exactly equal to one-twelfth the mass of one carbon-12…
the amount of a substance that contains as many elementary en…
the number of atoms in a mole
Atomic mass
the mass of the atom in atomic mass units
Atomic mass unit
a mass exactly equal to one-twelfth the mass of one carbon-12…
8 terms
Chapter 3 AP chemistry
Molecular mass/ weight
Percent yield
Molarity
Concentrated solution and solvent - di…
Average mass of a substance's molecules ; sum of atomic mass…
Actual yield of product (given)/ theoretical yield of product…
# of moles of a substance / L of solution
MiVi= MfVf
Molecular mass/ weight
Average mass of a substance's molecules ; sum of atomic mass…
Percent yield
Actual yield of product (given)/ theoretical yield of product…
13 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
What is a combination reaction?
What is a decomposition reaction?
What happens in a combustion reaction?
What is a formula weight?
two or more substances combine to make one product
One substance breaks down into two or more substances
hydrocarbon combines with oxygen to form carbon dioxide and w…
total of all atomic weights in a chemical formula
What is a combination reaction?
two or more substances combine to make one product
What is a decomposition reaction?
One substance breaks down into two or more substances
8 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Atomic Mass
Atomic Mass Unit
Mole
Molar Mass
Mass of the atom in atomic mass units.
A mass exactly equal to one-twelfth the mass of one carbon-12…
The amount of a substance that contains as many elementary en…
The mass of 1 mole of units of a substance.
Atomic Mass
Mass of the atom in atomic mass units.
Atomic Mass Unit
A mass exactly equal to one-twelfth the mass of one carbon-12…
24 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Chemical Changes
Chemical Reaction
Coefficient
Subscript
involve chemical reactions where a set of reactants are chang…
In a ___________________ __________________, atoms are separa…
the number of molecules or moles in a substance; if none are…
the number of atoms; if none are present assume 1
Chemical Changes
involve chemical reactions where a set of reactants are chang…
Chemical Reaction
In a ___________________ __________________, atoms are separa…
9 terms
Ap Chemistry Chapter 3
Chemical stoichiometry
Molar mass
Mass spectrometer
Mass percent
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
the mass in grams of one mole of molecules or formula units o…
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
the percent by mass of a component of a mixture or of a given…
Chemical stoichiometry
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
Molar mass
the mass in grams of one mole of molecules or formula units o…
19 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
stoichiometry
mole
avogadro's number
molar mass
the study if the quantitative aspects of chemical formulas an…
SI unit for amount of substance
6.02 x 10^23
mass given on period table under elements
stoichiometry
the study if the quantitative aspects of chemical formulas an…
mole
SI unit for amount of substance
14 terms
AP Chemistry chapter 3
Stoichiometry
Chemical equation
Reactants
Products
The study of the quantitative relationships between chemical…
Shows the number of atoms and elements on each side of the eq…
Balance equations by placing coefficients in front of, this i…
Balance equations by placing coefficients in front of, this i…
Stoichiometry
The study of the quantitative relationships between chemical…
Chemical equation
Shows the number of atoms and elements on each side of the eq…
9 terms
AP chemistry chapter 3
Stochiometry
Law of conservation of mass
Combination reactions
Decomposition reactions
process of using a balances equation to determine the relativ…
Matter is not created nor destroyed in any chemical or physic…
occur when two or more reactants combine to form one product
a single reactant forms two or more products
Stochiometry
process of using a balances equation to determine the relativ…
Law of conservation of mass
Matter is not created nor destroyed in any chemical or physic…
21 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
stoichiometry
mole
Avogadro's number
molar mass
study of quantitative aspects of formulas and reactions
amount of substance that contains the same number of entities…
6.022x10^23
substance is the mass per mol of its entities (atoms, molecul…
stoichiometry
study of quantitative aspects of formulas and reactions
mole
amount of substance that contains the same number of entities…
15 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Molecular weight
Formula weight
Mole
Avogadro's number
Sum of the atomic weights of all the atoms in a molecule of a…
Sum of the atomic weights of all the atoms in a formula unit…
Quantity of a given substance that contains as many molecules…
6.02x10^23
Molecular weight
Sum of the atomic weights of all the atoms in a molecule of a…
Formula weight
Sum of the atomic weights of all the atoms in a formula unit…
17 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
mass spectrometer
average atomic mass
mole
Avogadro's number
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
atomic mass, the weighted average of the atomic masses of the…
the number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly 12…
mole
mass spectrometer
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
average atomic mass
atomic mass, the weighted average of the atomic masses of the…
19 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
HCl
HBr
HNO3
HClO4
Hydrochloric acid (strong acid)
Hydrobromic acid (strong acid)
Nitric Acid (strong acid)
Perchloric acid (strong acid)
HCl
Hydrochloric acid (strong acid)
HBr
Hydrobromic acid (strong acid)
34 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
ionic bond
covalent bond
chemical formula
empirical formula
when oppositely charged ions attract one another by electrost…
when a nonmetal bonds with another nonmetal and they share so…
the quickest and easiest way to represent a compound - it ind…
gives the relative number of atoms of each element in a compo…
ionic bond
when oppositely charged ions attract one another by electrost…
covalent bond
when a nonmetal bonds with another nonmetal and they share so…
16 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Stoichiometry
Chemical Equation
Reactants
Products
The relationships among the quantities of reactants and produ…
A representation of a chemical reaction using the chemical fo…
A starting substance in a chemical reaction; it appears to th…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction; it appears to th…
Stoichiometry
The relationships among the quantities of reactants and produ…
Chemical Equation
A representation of a chemical reaction using the chemical fo…
1 of 10