Study sets matching "ap chemistry acids bases"

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Study sets matching "ap chemistry acids bases"

23 terms
AP CHEMISTRY ACIDS & BASES
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
HCl
HNO3
H2SO4
HBr
Strong Acid
HCl
Strong Acid
HNO3
47 terms
AP Chemistry: Acids and Bases
Arrhenius Acid
Arrhenius Base
Brønsted-Lowry Base
Brønsted-Lowry Acid
a substance that, when dissolved in water, increases the conc…
a substance that, when dissolved in water, increases the conc…
a substance that accepts a proton
a substance that donates a proton
Arrhenius Acid
a substance that, when dissolved in water, increases the conc…
Arrhenius Base
a substance that, when dissolved in water, increases the conc…
AP Chemistry Strong Acids/Bases
H2SO4
HNO3
HClO4
HClO3
Sulfuric Acid
Nitric Acid
Percholric Acid
Chloric Acid
H2SO4
Sulfuric Acid
HNO3
Nitric Acid
10 terms
AP Chemistry Acids and Bases
Bronsted Lowry
Amphoteric
Lewis Acids
Acid Base Strengths
Acids give protons... Bases get protons
Species that are both acids and bases (water)
Acids give protons... Bases get protons
Strong acids dissociate 100%
Bronsted Lowry
Acids give protons... Bases get protons
Amphoteric
Species that are both acids and bases (water)
AP Chemistry: Acids and Bases
Strong Acids
Arrhenius acid/base
Bronsted-Lowry acid/base
Conjugate base
HCl... HBr... HI... HNO3... H2SO4... HClO4
Produce hydrogen/hydroxide ions
Proton donors/acceptors
Acid loses proton
Strong Acids
HCl... HBr... HI... HNO3... H2SO4... HClO4
Arrhenius acid/base
Produce hydrogen/hydroxide ions
52 terms
AP chemistry Acids and Bases
acids characterisitics
base characteristics
arrhenius acid
arrhenius base
sour taste... acetic acid is found in vinegar... citric acid is fou…
bitter tasting ... poisonous plants (people reject this flavor)…
they are the acids that dissociate in water to produce H+ ions
they are the bases that dissociate in water to produce OH- io…
acids characterisitics
sour taste... acetic acid is found in vinegar... citric acid is fou…
base characteristics
bitter tasting ... poisonous plants (people reject this flavor)…
38 terms
AP Chemistry Acids and Bases
Bronsted Lowry Acid
strong acid
Bronsted Lowry Base
strong base
a proton (H+) donor and electron acceptor
reacts completely with water to produce hydronium ions, to fu…
a proton acceptor and electron donor
reacts fully with water to produce hydroxide ions, to fully i…
Bronsted Lowry Acid
a proton (H+) donor and electron acceptor
strong acid
reacts completely with water to produce hydronium ions, to fu…
AP Chemistry Acids and Bases
Bronsted Lowry Acid
strong acid
Bronsted Lowry Base
strong base
a proton (H+) donor and electron acceptor
reacts completely with water to produce hydronium ions, to fu…
a proton acceptor and electron donor
reacts fully with water to produce hydroxide ions, to fully i…
Bronsted Lowry Acid
a proton (H+) donor and electron acceptor
strong acid
reacts completely with water to produce hydronium ions, to fu…
10 terms
AP Chemistry - Acids and Bases
When an acid reacts with a base, what…
What is the formula for phosphoric acid?
Which of these is an Arrhenius base?
What is transferred between a conjugat…
a salt and water
H3PO4
LiOH
a proton
When an acid reacts with a base, what…
a salt and water
What is the formula for phosphoric acid?
H3PO4
10 terms
AP chemistry Acids/Bases
Weak Acid/Base
Strong Acids/Bases
Strong Acids
Strong Bases
Mostly stays together as a molecule
Completely ionize (separate)
HCl, HBr, HI, H2(SO4), H(NO3), H(ClO4)
LiOH, NaOH, KOH, RbOH, CsOH, Ca(OH)2, Ba(OH)2, Sr(OH)2
Weak Acid/Base
Mostly stays together as a molecule
Strong Acids/Bases
Completely ionize (separate)
AP Chemistry Acids & Bases
Acids
Base
Strong/Weak Acids
Relative Strength
Substance that produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solution; pro…
Substance that produces hydroxide ions when dissolved in wate…
Strong acids completely dissociate in solution - HBr, HI, HCl…
stronger the acid, the weaker tis conjugate base; the stronge…
Acids
Substance that produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solution; pro…
Base
Substance that produces hydroxide ions when dissolved in wate…
5 terms
AP Chemistry Acids/Bases
Strong Acids
Strong Bases
Lewis Acid/Base
Arrhenius Acid/Base
HCl - hydrochloric acid... HNO3 - nitric acid... H2SO4 - sulfuric…
Group I and II, Calcium, Barium, Strontium
e- pair acceptor; e- pair donor
acids produce H+, bases produce OH-
Strong Acids
HCl - hydrochloric acid... HNO3 - nitric acid... H2SO4 - sulfuric…
Strong Bases
Group I and II, Calcium, Barium, Strontium
15 terms
AP Chemistry Acids and Bases
HCl
HBr
HI
HClO₄
Strong acid
Strong acid
Strong acid
Strong acid
HCl
Strong acid
HBr
Strong acid
acids and bases Ap Chemistry
perchloric acid
chloric acid
hydrochloric acid
hydrobromic acid
HClO4
HClO3
HCl
HBr
perchloric acid
HClO4
chloric acid
HClO3
15 terms
AP Chemistry Acids and Bases
HCl
HBr
HI
HNO₃
hydrochloric acid
hydrobromic acid
hydroiodic acid
nitric acid
HCl
hydrochloric acid
HBr
hydrobromic acid
23 terms
AP Chemistry Acids and Bases
acid (Arrhenius)
base (Arrhenius)
acid (Bronsted-Lowry)
base (Bronsted-Lowry)
donates a hydrogen (H+) ion in water
donates a hydroxide (OH-) ion in water
donates a proton in water
accepts a proton in water
acid (Arrhenius)
donates a hydrogen (H+) ion in water
base (Arrhenius)
donates a hydroxide (OH-) ion in water
27 terms
AP Chemistry Acids and Bases
Bronsted Lowry Acid
strong acid
Bronsted Lowry Base
strong base
a proton (H+) donor and electron acceptor
reacts completely with water to produce hydronium ions, to fu…
a proton acceptor and electron donor
reacts fully with water to produce hydroxide ions, to fully i…
Bronsted Lowry Acid
a proton (H+) donor and electron acceptor
strong acid
reacts completely with water to produce hydronium ions, to fu…
15 terms
AP Chemistry: Strong Acids and Bases
HCl
HBr
HI
HNO₃
Hydrochloric
Hydrobromic
Hydroiodic
Nitric
HCl
Hydrochloric
HBr
Hydrobromic
AP Chemistry Acids and Bases
Bronsted Lowry Acid
strong acids
strong bases
strong acid
a proton (H+) donor and electron acceptor
HCl, HBr, HI, HNO3, HClO4, H2SO4
LiOH, NaOH, KOH, RbOH, CsOH, Sr(OH)2, Ba(OH)2
reacts completely with water to produce hydronium ions, to fu…
Bronsted Lowry Acid
a proton (H+) donor and electron acceptor
strong acids
HCl, HBr, HI, HNO3, HClO4, H2SO4
23 terms
AP CHEMISTRY ACIDS & BASES
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
HCl
HNO3
H2SO4
HBr
Strong Acid
HCl
Strong Acid
HNO3
10 terms
AP Chemistry Acids/Bases
HCl
HBr
Hl
HNO_3
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
HCl
Strong Acid
HBr
Strong Acid
AP Chemistry - Acids and Bases
Sulfuric Acid
Acetic Acid
Chloric Acid
Nitric Acid
H₂SO₄
CH₃COOH
HClO₃
HNO₃
Sulfuric Acid
H₂SO₄
Acetic Acid
CH₃COOH
23 terms
AP Chemistry Acids and Bases
Sulfuric Acid
Nitric Acid
Hydrochloric Acid
Hydroiodic Acid
H₂SO₄ (Strong Acid)
HNO₃ (Strong Acid)
HCl (Strong Acid)
HI (Strong Acid)
Sulfuric Acid
H₂SO₄ (Strong Acid)
Nitric Acid
HNO₃ (Strong Acid)
15 terms
AP Chemistry: Strong Acids & Bases
HCl
HBr
HI
HNO3
Hydrochloric Acid
Hydrobromic Acid
Hydroiodic Acid
Nitric Acid
HCl
Hydrochloric Acid
HBr
Hydrobromic Acid
10 terms
AP Chemistry: Acid/Bases
HCl
HBr
HI
HNO₃
strong acid
strong acid
strong acid
strong acid
HCl
strong acid
HBr
strong acid
17 terms
AP Chemistry Acids and Bases
HF
HCl
HBr
HI
weak acid
strong acid
strong acid
strong acid
HF
weak acid
HCl
strong acid
52 terms
AP chemistry Acids and Bases
acids characterisitics
base characteristics
arrhenius acid
arrhenius base
sour taste... acetic acid is found in vinegar... citric acid is fou…
bitter tasting ... poisonous plants (people reject this flavor)…
they are the acids that dissociate in water to produce H+ ions
they are the bases that dissociate in water to produce OH- io…
acids characterisitics
sour taste... acetic acid is found in vinegar... citric acid is fou…
base characteristics
bitter tasting ... poisonous plants (people reject this flavor)…
15 terms
AP Chemistry Strong Acids/Bases
H2SO4
HNO3
HClO4
HClO3
Sulfuric Acid
Nitric Acid
Percholric Acid
Chloric Acid
H2SO4
Sulfuric Acid
HNO3
Nitric Acid
AP Chemistry: Acid/Base
strong acids
strong base
strong acids and strong bases
strong acid naming
HNO3... H2SO4... HClO4... HclO3... HCl... HBr... HI
LiOH... NaOH... KOH... Ca(OH)2... Sr(OH)2... Br(OH)2
100% aqueous... weak bonds... free ions attack
H+NM-... hydro___ic acid
strong acids
HNO3... H2SO4... HClO4... HclO3... HCl... HBr... HI
strong base
LiOH... NaOH... KOH... Ca(OH)2... Sr(OH)2... Br(OH)2
15 terms
AP Chemistry: Acid and Bases
Properties of acids
ionization
properties of bases
dissociate
1. sour taste... 2. litmus paper-red/ phenomenophalein-colorless…
process of a molecule being broken into ions by water
1. have a bitter taste... 2. dilute solutions have a slippery fe…
ionic compounds breaking into ions
Properties of acids
1. sour taste... 2. litmus paper-red/ phenomenophalein-colorless…
ionization
process of a molecule being broken into ions by water
42 terms
AP Chemistry: 09: Acids and Bases
Arhenius, Acid
Arhenius, Base
Brønsted Lowry, Acid
Brønsted Lowry, Base
a substance that ionizes in water and produces hydrogen ions…
a substance that ionizes in water and produces hydroxide ions…
a substance that is capable of donating protons is the ___ de…
a substance that is capable of accepting a proton is the ___…
Arhenius, Acid
a substance that ionizes in water and produces hydrogen ions…
Arhenius, Base
a substance that ionizes in water and produces hydroxide ions…
17 terms
AP Chemistry REVIEW Acids and Bases
Arrhenius definition of acids/bases
Bronsted definition of acids/bases
Amphoteric means...
What are things that are amphoteric (ex)
Acids contain the H+ ion... Basic contain OH- ionic compound
Acids: proton donors... Bases: proton acceptors
it can act as an acid or a base]
things w/ H+ but also an overall negative charge
Arrhenius definition of acids/bases
Acids contain the H+ ion... Basic contain OH- ionic compound
Bronsted definition of acids/bases
Acids: proton donors... Bases: proton acceptors
AP Chemistry Exam - Acids and Bases
HCl (aq)
HBr (aq)
HI (aq)
HNO3 (aq)
strong acid
strong acid
strong acid
strong acid
HCl (aq)
strong acid
HBr (aq)
strong acid
19 terms
AP Chemistry - Acids and Bases #2
What is transferred between a conjugat…
Which compound can act as both a Brons…
In the reaction CO3^2- + H2O <--> HCO3…
Which of the following represents a Br…
a proton
water
Bronsted-Lowry base
NH4^+ and NH3 (proton is transferred/difference of a proton)
What is transferred between a conjugat…
a proton
Which compound can act as both a Brons…
water
20 terms
AP Chemistry: Common Acids and Bases
SA: HCl
SA:HBr
SA: HI
SA: HNO₃
hydrochloric acid
hydrobromic acid
hydroiodic acid
nitric acid
SA: HCl
hydrochloric acid
SA:HBr
hydrobromic acid
AP Chemistry Polyatomics, Acids, Bases
Phosphate
Sulfate
Sulfite
Carbonate
PO4^3-
SO4^2-
SO3^2-
CO3^2-
Phosphate
PO4^3-
Sulfate
SO4^2-
5 terms
AP Chem, The Chemistry of Acids and Bases
Acid
Base
Arrhenius Definition
Bronsted-Lowry Definition
sour
feel slippery and bitter
acid- donates a hydrogen ion (H+) in water... base- donates a hy…
acid- donates a proton in water... base- accepts a proton in water
Acid
sour
Base
feel slippery and bitter
12 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 15: Acids and Bases
Kw = 1.00 x 10^-14 = [H⁺][OH⁻] @25⁰C
pH = 7
pH < 7
pH > 7
ion-product constant of water
neutral solutions
acidic solutions
basic solutions
Kw = 1.00 x 10^-14 = [H⁺][OH⁻] @25⁰C
ion-product constant of water
pH = 7
neutral solutions
5 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry - Acids/Bases
Arhennius
Bronsted-Lowry
Lewis
-log[H+]
based on ions
based on protons
based on electrons
formula for pH
Arhennius
based on ions
Bronsted-Lowry
based on protons
11 terms
AP Chemistry:Strong Acid and Bases
Strong Acids
Strong Bases
hydrochloric acid
hydrobromic acid
hydrochloric acid ... hydrobromic acid ... hydroiodic acid... nitric a…
lithium hydroxide... sodium hydroxide... potassium hydroxide... Rubidi…
HCL
HBr
Strong Acids
hydrochloric acid ... hydrobromic acid ... hydroiodic acid... nitric a…
Strong Bases
lithium hydroxide... sodium hydroxide... potassium hydroxide... Rubidi…
15 terms
Strong Acids & Bases: AP Chemistry
HCl
HBr
HI
H2SO4
Strong Acid 1
Strong Acid 2
Strong Acid 3
Strong Acid 4
HCl
Strong Acid 1
HBr
Strong Acid 2
AP Chemistry strong acids and bases
HClO4
HClO3
HNO3
HCl
Strong acid
Strong aid
Strong acid
Strong acid
HClO4
Strong acid
HClO3
Strong aid
16 terms
AP Chemistry: Vocabulary Notes - Acids and Bases
hydronium ion (H₃O⁺¹)
Bronsted-Lowry acid
Bronsted-Lowry base
amphiprotic
the predominant form of the proton in an aqueous solution
a substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton donor
a substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton acceptor
refers to the capacity of a substance to act as either an aci…
hydronium ion (H₃O⁺¹)
the predominant form of the proton in an aqueous solution
Bronsted-Lowry acid
a substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton donor
16 terms
AP Chemistry: Common Acids and Bases
properties of acids
hydrochloric acid (HCl)
sulfuric acid (H₂SO₄)
nitric acid (HNO₃)
sour taste... ability to dissolve many metals... ability to neutral…
strong acid
strong polyprotic acid with 2 Ka values
strong acid
properties of acids
sour taste... ability to dissolve many metals... ability to neutral…
hydrochloric acid (HCl)
strong acid
Acids, Bases, And Titration_PreAP Chemistry
Taste sour, Conducts electricity, Turn…
Taste bitter, Conducts electricity, Tu…
Acids produce Hydrogen/Hydronium and b…
Litmus Paper, pH Paper, pH meter
What are 5 properties of acids?
What are 5 properties of bases?
What is the Arrhenius theory for acids and bases?
There is a clear solution and you want to determine if it is…
Taste sour, Conducts electricity, Turn…
What are 5 properties of acids?
Taste bitter, Conducts electricity, Tu…
What are 5 properties of bases?
15 terms
AP Chemistry: Strong Acids and Bases
HCl
HBr
HI
HNO₃
Hydrochloric
Hydrobromic
Hydroiodic
Nitric
HCl
Hydrochloric
HBr
Hydrobromic
13 terms
AP Chemistry - Strong Acids and Bases
HCl
HBr
HI
HNO₃
Hydrochloric Acid
Hydrobromic Acid
Hydroiodic Acid
Nitric Acid
HCl
Hydrochloric Acid
HBr
Hydrobromic Acid
15 terms
AP Chemistry: Strong Acids and Bases
HCl (Acid)
HBr (Acid)
HI (Acid)
HNO₃ (Acid)
Hydrochloric
Hydrobromic
Hydroiodic
Nitric
HCl (Acid)
Hydrochloric
HBr (Acid)
Hydrobromic
107 terms
AP Chemistry Ions Acids and Bases
[Ions and Bases]
Aluminum
Ammonium
Barium
Key: ^=superscript, Regular number=subscript, []= New section.
Al^3+
NH4^+
Ba^2+
[Ions and Bases]
Key: ^=superscript, Regular number=subscript, []= New section.
Aluminum
Al^3+
AP Chemistry, Strong Acids and Bases
HI
HBr
HCl
HClO4
Hydroiodic acid, Strong Acid
Hydrobromic acid, Strong Acid
Hydrochloric Acid, Strong Acid
Perchloric acid, strong acid
HI
Hydroiodic acid, Strong Acid
HBr
Hydrobromic acid, Strong Acid
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