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Study sets matching "ap chemistry chapter 7"

36 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
Planck's constant
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behaviour and travels t…
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
the constant relating the change in energy for a system to th…
electromagnetic radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behaviour and travels t…
wavelength
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
37 terms
AP Chemistry - Chapter 7
Electromagnetic radiaion
Wavelength
Frequency
Plank's constant
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
the constant relating the change in energy for a... system to th…
Electromagnetic radiaion
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Wavelength
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
73 terms
AP/ACC Chemistry Goeddel Chapter 7
The periodic nature of the periodic ta…
Elements in the same column contain th…
Valence orbitals
Dmitri Mendeleev and Lothar Meyer
...repeating patterns in the electron configurations of the e…
...number of electrons in their valence orbitals
The occupied orbitals that hold the electrons involved in bon…
Published nearly identical classification schemes (arranged e…
The periodic nature of the periodic ta…
...repeating patterns in the electron configurations of the e…
Elements in the same column contain th…
...number of electrons in their valence orbitals
21 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Electromagnetic radiation
amplitude (A)
wavelength (λ)
frequency (ν)
energy waves that travel at 3.00 x 108 m/s
the maximum extent of a vibration, measured from the position…
the distance between successive crests of a wave, especially…
the rate at which something occurs or is repeated over a part…
Electromagnetic radiation
energy waves that travel at 3.00 x 108 m/s
amplitude (A)
the maximum extent of a vibration, measured from the position…
20 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
I can describe subatomic particle inte…
I understand that ionization energy is…
I can predict ionization energies and…
I can use photoemission spectroscopy d…
...
...
...
...
I can describe subatomic particle inte…
...
I understand that ionization energy is…
...
64 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Energy traveling in the form of "waves":
Name the components of the electromagn…
Length of a wave from peak to peak:
Number of waves that pass by a certain…
Electromagnetic Radiation
Gamma Rays (10^-12) X-Rays (10^-10) UV Rays (10^-8) Visible L…
Wavelength (lambda)
Frequency (v)
Energy traveling in the form of "waves":
Electromagnetic Radiation
Name the components of the electromagn…
Gamma Rays (10^-12) X-Rays (10^-10) UV Rays (10^-8) Visible L…
32 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Electromagnetic Radiation
Frequency
Wavelength
Speed of Light
Energy propagated by means of electric and magnetic fields th…
Number of cycles the wave undergoes per second (hz)
Distance between any point on a wave and the corresponding po…
3.00 x 10⁸ m/s
Electromagnetic Radiation
Energy propagated by means of electric and magnetic fields th…
Frequency
Number of cycles the wave undergoes per second (hz)
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Valence orbitals
Henry Moseley
Coulomb's law
Effective nuclear charge (Zeff)
orbitals that contain the outer-shell electrons of an atom
developed the concept of atomic numbers through experimental…
the strength of the interaction between two electrical charge…
the net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-…
Valence orbitals
orbitals that contain the outer-shell electrons of an atom
Henry Moseley
developed the concept of atomic numbers through experimental…
45 terms
Chapter 7: AP Chemistry
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
Ultraviolet Catastrophe
Solution to the UV Catastrophe
Energy that travels through space in the form of a wave (ligh…
A charged particle shaking (λ)
When solid objects are heated, classical physics predicts tha…
Max Planck- In order to produce higher frequency radiation, h…
Electromagnetic Radiation
Energy that travels through space in the form of a wave (ligh…
Wavelength
A charged particle shaking (λ)
23 terms
Chapter 7 AP Chemistry
Electromagnetic Radiation
The three primary characteristics of w…
Wavelength (Lamda) nm
Frequency (Nu) s⁻¹ Hz
One of the ways energy travels through space
Wavelength Frequency and Speed
The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
The number of waves (cycle) per second that pass a given poin…
Electromagnetic Radiation
One of the ways energy travels through space
The three primary characteristics of w…
Wavelength Frequency and Speed
38 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Calculating Frequency or Wavelength
Unit of frequency
Unit of Wavelength
Calculating Energy
vY= c ... c = speed of light , 2.998 x 10^8 m/s
Hz or s-1
1nm = 1x10^-9 m
E=hv ... h= 6.626 x 10^-34 J per sec... PER PHOTON OF LIGHT
Calculating Frequency or Wavelength
vY= c ... c = speed of light , 2.998 x 10^8 m/s
Unit of frequency
Hz or s-1
25 terms
AP CHEMISTRY: Chapter 7
Electromagnetic radiation
Frequency
Wavelength
Speed of light
Oscillating, perpendicular electric and magnetic fields movin…
The number of cycles a wave undergoes per second, expressed i…
The distance between any point on a wave and the correspondin…
A fundamental constant giving the speed at which electromagne…
Electromagnetic radiation
Oscillating, perpendicular electric and magnetic fields movin…
Frequency
The number of cycles a wave undergoes per second, expressed i…
47 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Electromagnetic radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Planck's Constant
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wa…
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
the constant relating the change in energy for a system to th…
Electromagnetic radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Wavelength
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wa…
41 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 7
electromagnetic radiation
frequency
wavelength
amplitude
energy propagated by means of electric and magnetic fields th…
number of cycles the wave undergoes per second and is express…
is the distance between any point on a wave and the correspon…
the height of the crest of each wave
electromagnetic radiation
energy propagated by means of electric and magnetic fields th…
frequency
number of cycles the wave undergoes per second and is express…
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Bohr's model only effective for?
Limitations of Bohr's model?
What ideal energy do electrons want?
Ground State
Hydrogen
Can only effectively explain hydrogen
The lowest possible (drops levels to release)
Lowest possible energy level of an atom (closest to the nucle…
Bohr's model only effective for?
Hydrogen
Limitations of Bohr's model?
Can only effectively explain hydrogen
27 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Dimitri Mendeleev and Lothar Meyer
Henry Mosley
Effective Nuclear Charge (Zeff)
The Shielding Effect
Published the 1st periodic tables organized on the basis of p…
Published a periodic table organized based on atomic number i…
The net electric field acting on an electron due to electron'…
The more energy levels the greater; Electrons in the inner en…
Dimitri Mendeleev and Lothar Meyer
Published the 1st periodic tables organized on the basis of p…
Henry Mosley
Published a periodic table organized based on atomic number i…
54 terms
AP Chemistry Chang Chapter 7
Dalton
Thomson
Rutherford
Bohr
indivisible atoms
electron, plum-pudding model
fired alpha particles at gold sheets
planetary model describes electrons
Dalton
indivisible atoms
Thomson
electron, plum-pudding model
54 terms
AP Chemistry Chang Chapter 7
Dalton
Thomson
Rutherford
Bohr
indivisible atoms
electron, plum-pudding model
fired alpha particles at gold sheets
planetary model describes electrons
Dalton
indivisible atoms
Thomson
electron, plum-pudding model
17 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7&8
Wavelength
Frequency
Electromagnetic radiation
Quantum numbers
Is the distance between identical points on successive waves-…
The number of waves that pass through a particular point in 1…
Is the emission and transmission of energy in the form of ele…
Principal quantum number n- where n= 1,2,3,4... And n represe…
Wavelength
Is the distance between identical points on successive waves-…
Frequency
The number of waves that pass through a particular point in 1…
13 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7 Vocab
Valence orbitals
Effective nuclear charge
Bonding atomic radius
Isoelectronic series
the occupied orbitals that hold the electrons involved in bon…
the net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-…
the radius of an atom as defined by the distance separating i…
a series of atoms, ions, or molecules having the same number…
Valence orbitals
the occupied orbitals that hold the electrons involved in bon…
Effective nuclear charge
the net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-…
Chemistry AP chapter 7
Electron affinity
Allotropes
Characteristics of metals
Effective Nuclear Charge
Attraction of an atom for an electron
one of two or more existing forms of an element
Shiny, various colors, malleable, ductile, electrical and hea…
The pull on protons. More protons= more pull
Electron affinity
Attraction of an atom for an electron
Allotropes
one of two or more existing forms of an element
47 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Waves + (electron) particles have a
Amplitude formula
Wavelength
Amplitude
dual nature
1/2h
distance between identical points on successive waves
the vertical distance from the midline of a wave to peak or t…
Waves + (electron) particles have a
dual nature
Amplitude formula
1/2h
12 terms
CHAPTER 7 AP CHEMISTRY
Non-Bonding Atomic Radius
Bonding Atomic Radius
Nonmetal Covalent Radius
Metal Covalent Radius
Radius of an atom that is not bonded to another atom
Radius of an atom that is bonded to another atom (covalent ra…
1/2 the distance between two bonded atoms
1/2 the distance between two metal atoms in a crystal structure
Non-Bonding Atomic Radius
Radius of an atom that is not bonded to another atom
Bonding Atomic Radius
Radius of an atom that is bonded to another atom (covalent ra…
22 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Effective nuclear charge _________ dow…
Effective nuclear charge _________ acr…
First ionization energy _________ down…
First ionization energy _________ acro…
(Decreases) There is an increasing number of filled energy le…
(Increases) Although there are the same number of energy leve…
(Decreases) the effective nuclear charge is weakening.
(Increases) the effective nuclear charge is strengthening.
Effective nuclear charge _________ dow…
(Decreases) There is an increasing number of filled energy le…
Effective nuclear charge _________ acr…
(Increases) Although there are the same number of energy leve…
29 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
electromagnetic radiation
photons
wavelength (λ)
frequency (ν)
a way that energy travels through space through waves... can als…
a quantum of electromagnetic radiation... consists of a stream o…
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
electromagnetic radiation
a way that energy travels through space through waves... can als…
photons
a quantum of electromagnetic radiation... consists of a stream o…
23 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Wavelength
Frequency
Formula to solve for frequency or wave…
c the constant
γ (lambda)
ν (nu)
γν = c
3.00 x 10^8 m/s
Wavelength
γ (lambda)
Frequency
ν (nu)
24 terms
AP Chemistry chapter 7
Chemical bonds(3 types)
ionic
covalent
metallic
ionic, covalent, metallic
between ions
share electrons
metal atoms bonded to other atoms
Chemical bonds(3 types)
ionic, covalent, metallic
ionic
between ions
12 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
Frequency (v)
Hertz
radiation that consists of wave-like electric and magnetic fi…
distance bw successive crests (or troughs) in a wave
the number of complete waves passing a point in a given amoun…
the unit of frequency or cycles per second; 1 Hz = 1 s^-1
Electromagnetic Radiation
radiation that consists of wave-like electric and magnetic fi…
Wavelength
distance bw successive crests (or troughs) in a wave
17 terms
Chapter 7 AP Chemistry
The Periodic Law
Atomic Radius Trends
Ionic Radius Trends
Ionization Energy Trends
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Increases down a group.... Decreases across a period. ... -This is…
Increases when gaining electrons. ... Decreases when losing elec…
Increases moving left to right on a period. ... Decreases moving…
The Periodic Law
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Atomic Radius Trends
Increases down a group.... Decreases across a period. ... -This is…
36 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
Planck's constant
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behaviour and travels t…
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
the constant relating the change in energy for a system to th…
electromagnetic radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behaviour and travels t…
wavelength
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
54 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Paramagnetism
Diamagnetism
Aufbau Principle
Hund's rule
substances that are attracted align in a magnetic field due t…
substances that are repelled due to unpaired electrons (has a…
electrons fill orbitals in order of increasing energy levels
electrons will fill degenerate orbitals before pairing up (ev…
Paramagnetism
substances that are attracted align in a magnetic field due t…
Diamagnetism
substances that are repelled due to unpaired electrons (has a…
52 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 7 Vocabulary
wave
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
continuously repeating change (oscillation) in matter or in a…
energy in the form of oscillating electric and magnetic field…
distance between any two adjacent identical points of a wave
number of wavelengths of a wave that pass a fixed point in on…
wave
continuously repeating change (oscillation) in matter or in a…
electromagnetic radiation
energy in the form of oscillating electric and magnetic field…
22 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
electronegativity
nonpolar covalent
polar covalent
moecular compound
the ability of an atom to attract electrons towards itself
electrons are shared equally
electrons are shared unequally
compound made up of molecules
electronegativity
the ability of an atom to attract electrons towards itself
nonpolar covalent
electrons are shared equally
33 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Amplitude
Ultraviolet, visible light, infrared, microwaves, television…
Length between 2 successive crests (lambda)
Number of cycles per second that pass a certain point in space
Maximum height of a wave s measured from the axis of propagat…
Electromagnetic Radiation
Ultraviolet, visible light, infrared, microwaves, television…
Wavelength
Length between 2 successive crests (lambda)
25 terms
Chapter 7- AP Chemistry
Atomic weight
Nucleus
Electron Configuration
Group
The 1st Periodic Table was arranged by increasing ______ ____…
After the _________ was added to the model of the atom, the p…
Repeating patterns of elements in the periodic table
Elements in the same _________ have similar valence electron…
Atomic weight
The 1st Periodic Table was arranged by increasing ______ ____…
Nucleus
After the _________ was added to the model of the atom, the p…
45 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Dmitri Mendeleev and Lothar Meyer
Why was Dmitri Mendeleev credited for…
atomic number
Electrons actions in a many electron a…
both invented the period table at about the same times, they…
because he predicted where certain elements that had not been…
the number of protons in the nucleus of the atom
each electron is simultaneously attracted to the nucleus and…
Dmitri Mendeleev and Lothar Meyer
both invented the period table at about the same times, they…
Why was Dmitri Mendeleev credited for…
because he predicted where certain elements that had not been…
78 terms
AP CHEMISTRY CHAPTER 7
Dmitri Mendeleev and Lothar Meyer
similar chemical and physical properties
eka-aluminum
eka-silicon
arranged the periodic table by increasing atomic weight
how were elements placed in a group of a periodic table?
name given to gallium
name given to germanium
Dmitri Mendeleev and Lothar Meyer
arranged the periodic table by increasing atomic weight
similar chemical and physical properties
how were elements placed in a group of a periodic table?
20 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Electromagnetic radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Photon
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
The distance between two consecutive troughs or peaks in a wave
The number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given pou…
A quantum of electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic radiation
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Wavelength
The distance between two consecutive troughs or peaks in a wave
21 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
which group in the periodic table of e…
the first ionization energies of the e…
the ___ have the most negative electio…
in general, as you go across a period…
1A
increase, decrease
halogens
decrease, increase, decrease
which group in the periodic table of e…
1A
the first ionization energies of the e…
increase, decrease
13 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
line spectrum vs. continuous spectrum
Wavelength
Frequency (v)
Speed (c)
line spectrum: large areas of black broken up by lines of col…
distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave.
number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given point i…
speed of light (2.9979×108 m/s)
line spectrum vs. continuous spectrum
line spectrum: large areas of black broken up by lines of col…
Wavelength
distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave.
24 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Principle Quantum Number
Angular Quantum Number
magnetic quantum number
Electromagnetic Radiations from low to…
n, size, (1)s (2)s
l, shape of orbital,
orientation, ml
radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, uv, x rays, gamma…
Principle Quantum Number
n, size, (1)s (2)s
Angular Quantum Number
l, shape of orbital,
18 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
two electron domains
three electron domains (no lone pair)
three electron domains (one lone pair)
four electron domains (no lone pair)
linear (180 angle)
trigonal planar (120 angle)
bent or angular (compressed 120)
tetrahedral (109.5 angle)
two electron domains
linear (180 angle)
three electron domains (no lone pair)
trigonal planar (120 angle)
27 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Photon
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
The number of waves(cycles) per second that pass a given poin…
A quantum of electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic Radiation
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Wavelength
The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
37 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
Planck's constant
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behaviour and travels t…
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
the constant relating the change in energy for a system to th…
electromagnetic radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behaviour and travels t…
wavelength
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
24 terms
Chapter 7 AP Chemistry
Effective Nuclear Charge
Core Electrons
What does the size of the atoms depend…
Chart of Sizes
Net positive charge of an electron in an atom (found by takin…
The number of electrons in the last noble gas.
Atomic radisus. Increases ⬇️ & ⬅️
1st column: atomic number... 2nd column: Core electrons (shield…
Effective Nuclear Charge
Net positive charge of an electron in an atom (found by takin…
Core Electrons
The number of electrons in the last noble gas.
38 terms
AP Chemistry - Chapter 7
Electromagnetic radiaion
Wavelength
Frequency
Plank's constant
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
the constant relating the change in energy for a... system to th…
Electromagnetic radiaion
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Wavelength
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
36 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
Planck's constant
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behaviour and travels t…
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
the constant relating the change in energy for a system to th…
electromagnetic radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behaviour and travels t…
wavelength
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
40 terms
Ap chemistry Chapter 7
n a many-electron atom, electrons are…
The ____________ is defined as one-hal…
the bonding atomic radius tends to ___…
Cations are _______ than their parent…
nuclear charge
bonding atomic radius
decrease; increase
smaller; reduced
n a many-electron atom, electrons are…
nuclear charge
The ____________ is defined as one-hal…
bonding atomic radius
14 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Effective nuclear charge
bonding atomic radius trend
Cations
Anions
pull on outermost electrons by nucleus ... Zeff = Z - S atomic n…
decrease from L to R... increase from T to B
small
large
Effective nuclear charge
pull on outermost electrons by nucleus ... Zeff = Z - S atomic n…
bonding atomic radius trend
decrease from L to R... increase from T to B
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7 Flashcards
What is the periodic law?
What are the metals?
What are the nonmetals?
What is a metalloid?
When the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
Good conductors of heat and electric current, tend to be duct…
An element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
An element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
What is the periodic law?
When the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
What are the metals?
Good conductors of heat and electric current, tend to be duct…
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