Study sets matching "ap chemistry life"

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Study sets matching "ap chemistry life"

63 terms
AP Biology: Chemistry of Life
Element(s)
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Trace (Elements)
Compound(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
the other elements that compose 4% of the mass of all organis…
when two or more DIFFERENT types of atoms are combined in a f…
Element(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
65 terms
AP Biology--The Chemistry of Life
Ionic Bonds
Ions
Covalent Bonds
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
electrons between atoms are shared (electronegativities of th…
electrons are shared equally
Ionic Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
Ions
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
51 terms
APES Chemistry to Energy to Life
Bioremediation
matter
Law of conservation of energy
Law of conservation of matter
The act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
anything that occupies space and has mass
The law that states that energy cannot be created or destroye…
The idea that matter is neither created nor destroyed in only…
Bioremediation
The act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
33 terms
AP Biology- Life Chemistry
atomic structure
elements
atomic number
mass number
A. Atoms... a) nucleus- with protons (positively charged) and n…
pure substance with only one type of atom
the number of protons
protons+neutrons
atomic structure
A. Atoms... a) nucleus- with protons (positively charged) and n…
elements
pure substance with only one type of atom
16 terms
AP Biology: Chemistry of Life
Matter
Element
Compound
Trace Element
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Is a substance that cannot be broken down into other substanc…
Is a substance consisting of two or more elements combined in…
Required by an organism in only minute quantities.... Example: I…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Element
Is a substance that cannot be broken down into other substanc…
78 terms
AP Bio Unit 1: Chemistry of Life
Acid
Base
Buffer
Cohesion
a substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
a substance that reduces the hydrogen ion concentration of th…
a solution that minimizes changes in ph when acids or bases a…
The linking it together of like molecules often by hydrogen b…
Acid
a substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Base
a substance that reduces the hydrogen ion concentration of th…
AP3 Chemistry of Life
Potassium
Sodium
Calcium
Covalent bonding
K
Na
Ca
Share electrons, strong bonds, organic, not easily dissolved,…
Potassium
K
Sodium
Na
62 terms
AP Biology, chemistry of life
polar molecule
cohesion
adhesion
hydrophilic
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
An attraction between molecules of the same substance
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Water loving
polar molecule
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
cohesion
An attraction between molecules of the same substance
40 terms
AP Biology - The Chemistry of Life
Organic Compounds
Inorganic Compounds
The Qualities of Water
Carbohydrates
They are compounds with carbon in them excluding CO2, CO and…
They are compounds that aren't organic and include water, and…
Water is polar and can dissolve other polar substances. Water…
They are organic compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen and ox…
Organic Compounds
They are compounds with carbon in them excluding CO2, CO and…
Inorganic Compounds
They are compounds that aren't organic and include water, and…
126 terms
AP Bio: Chemistry of Life
Hydrogen Bond
Cohesion
Carbohydrate
Hydrolysis
relatively weak bonds that form between the partial positivel…
attraction between like substances, occurs in water because o…
carbohydrates are the most abundant class of biolmolecules on…
water is added to split larger molecules.
Hydrogen Bond
relatively weak bonds that form between the partial positivel…
Cohesion
attraction between like substances, occurs in water because o…
AP Biology: Chemistry Life
Adhesion
Colloid
pH
Phosphate group
The attraction between different kinds of molecules
A mixture made of a liquid and particles that remain suspende…
A measure of hydrogen ion concentration ( 0-14)
-PO4 transfers energy between organic molecules ... ATP, GTP, etc.
Adhesion
The attraction between different kinds of molecules
Colloid
A mixture made of a liquid and particles that remain suspende…
7 terms
AP Biology - Chemistry of life
Hydroxyl
Aldehyde
Keto
Carboxyl
Group is very reactive important in building molecules and in…
group is important in carbohydrates and in energy reactions
Acidic. ionizes in living tissues to form -COO- and H+ enters…
Hydroxyl
Aldehyde
Group is very reactive important in building molecules and in…
30 terms
AP Bio:Chemistry of Life
Explain how covalent bonds form.
Describe the difference between polar…
Explain how ionic bonds form.
Describe why water is a polar molecule.
Two unstable elements with unfilled outer shells react and sh…
The difference between polar and non-polar bonds is that a po…
An ionic bond is formed from the attraction of two oppositely…
When water is formed, the electrons shared will stay around O…
Explain how covalent bonds form.
Two unstable elements with unfilled outer shells react and sh…
Describe the difference between polar…
The difference between polar and non-polar bonds is that a po…
34 terms
Chemistry of Life AP Review
Elements are substances that cannot
96% of the mass of all organisms are m…
Trace Elements are
Examples of trace elements are:
be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means.
Oxygen (O), Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), and Nitrogen (N)
Only required by an organism in very small quantities
Iodine (I), Iron (Fe), and Copper (Co)
Elements are substances that cannot
be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means.
96% of the mass of all organisms are m…
Oxygen (O), Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), and Nitrogen (N)
67 terms
AP Bio: Chemistry of Life
macromolecules
polymer
carbon
tetravalence
big molecules
made up of smaller units called monomers
element of life; compounds that have carbon are called organic
can form 4 bonds; carbon is tetravalent so it can form 4 bond…
macromolecules
big molecules
polymer
made up of smaller units called monomers
23 terms
AP- Chemistry of Life
Essential Elements
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, calcium, phosphorous, pot…
positively charged molecules that are packed in the core of a…
molecules without charge that are packed in the core of an atom
negatively charged molecules that spin around the nucleus, re…
Essential Elements
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, calcium, phosphorous, pot…
Protons
positively charged molecules that are packed in the core of a…
88 terms
AP Bio: Chemistry of Life
element
atom
atomic number
atomic mass
a substance that can't be broken down into a simpler form
the smallest unit of an element that retains its properties
number of protons in the nucleus of atom
weighted percentage of found isotopes
element
a substance that can't be broken down into a simpler form
atom
the smallest unit of an element that retains its properties
114 terms
AP Biology - The Chemistry of Life
elements
CHNOPS
carbon
hydrogen
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
an acronym representing the 6 key elements of life
key element of life; major component of ALL organic compounds…
key element of life, highly involved in the creation of prote…
elements
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
CHNOPS
an acronym representing the 6 key elements of life
150 terms
AP Bio: The Chemistry of Life
Molecule
Cell
Organ system
Population
Two or more atoms held together by covalent bonds.
Smallest alive unit
Group of organs that together achieve a necessary function
A group of individuals of the same species that live in the s…
Molecule
Two or more atoms held together by covalent bonds.
Cell
Smallest alive unit
AP Biology--The Chemistry of Life
Ionic Bonds
Ions
Covalent Bonds
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
electrons between atoms are shared (electronegativities of th…
electrons are shared equally
Ionic Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
Ions
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
30 terms
AP Bio--The Chemistry Of Life
Matter
Element
Compound
C H O N
Anything that takes up space and has mass
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
A substance consisting of two or more elements combined in a…
Makes up 96% of living matter. About 25 of the 92 natural ele…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
100 terms
AP Bio- The Chemistry of Life
compound
CHON
Trace Elements
isotopes
two or more elements in a fixed ratio
make up 96% of living matter
those required by an organism in only minute quantities
forms an element with differing numbers of neutrons
compound
two or more elements in a fixed ratio
CHON
make up 96% of living matter
AP Bio: The Chemistry of Life
Trace elements
Nonpolar covalent bond
Cohesion
Adhesion
Required by organism in small quantities
Electrons shared equally between two atoms
Water molecules have strong tendency to stick together
Water molecules sticking to other substances
Trace elements
Required by organism in small quantities
Nonpolar covalent bond
Electrons shared equally between two atoms
60 terms
AP Biology--The Chemistry of Life
Ionic Bonds
Ions
Covalent Bonds
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
electrons between atoms are shared (electronegativities of th…
electrons are shared equally
Ionic Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
Ions
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
67 terms
AP Biology: 01: Chemistry of Life
Element(s)
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Trace (Elements)
Compound(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
the other elements that compose 4% of the mass of all organis…
when two or more DIFFERENT types of atoms are combined in a f…
Element(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
67 terms
AP Biology: 01: Chemistry of Life
Element(s)
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Trace (Elements)
Compound(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
the other elements that compose 4% of the mass of all organis…
when two or more DIFFERENT types of atoms are combined in a f…
Element(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
20 terms
AP Bio - Life Chemistry
cations
anions
molecule
dehydration synthesis
ions with a positive charge
ions with a negative charge
a combination of elements is a _____
process by which proteins are made
cations
ions with a positive charge
anions
ions with a negative charge
63 terms
AP Lecture - Chemistry of Life
Biochemistry
Elements
Atoms
Atomic number
Study of carbon-based molecules that compose living organisms
Simplest form of matter. Made of atoms
Made of particles known as protons, neutrons, and electrons
Identifies each element. Number of protons in nucleus.
Biochemistry
Study of carbon-based molecules that compose living organisms
Elements
Simplest form of matter. Made of atoms
AP Bio - Chemistry of Life
Matter
Element
Compound
Which four essential elements make up…
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
Substance consisting of two or more elements combines in a fi…
Carbon (C), oxygen (O), hydrogen (H), and nitrogen (N)
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
42 terms
Ap Bio Chemistry of life
Atom
Isotopes
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
The smallest unit of an element that retains its characterist…
Atoms that have the same number of protons but differ in numb…
Bond between two atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
Bond formers with shared electrons
Atom
The smallest unit of an element that retains its characterist…
Isotopes
Atoms that have the same number of protons but differ in numb…
64 terms
AP BIO Chemistry of Life
Biological Levels of Organization
Properties of Life
Cell Theory
Robert Hooke
atom-> molecule-> cell-> tissue-> organ-> organ systems->orga…
Order-Reproduction-Growth and Development-Energy use-Respond…
The cell is the basic unit of structure and function.
He named the cell.
Biological Levels of Organization
atom-> molecule-> cell-> tissue-> organ-> organ systems->orga…
Properties of Life
Order-Reproduction-Growth and Development-Energy use-Respond…
AP Biology: Chemistry of Life
Chemical Bonds
Covalent Bonds
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
Polar Covalent Bonds
Interactions between the valence electrons of different atoms…
Occurs when valence electrons are shared by 2 atoms
Occur when two atoms share an electron equally
Occur when two atoms share an electron unequally
Chemical Bonds
Interactions between the valence electrons of different atoms…
Covalent Bonds
Occurs when valence electrons are shared by 2 atoms
43 terms
Th chemistry of life (AP BIO)
matter
element
compound
four most essential elements necessary…
anything that takes up space and has mass
a substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
a substance consisting of two or more elements combined in a…
-carbon (C)... -oxygen (O)... -hydrogen (H)... -nitrogen (N)
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
a substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
29 terms
AP Biology: The Chemistry of Life (1)
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
polar covalent bond
hydrogen bond
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and embran…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativit…
A type of weak chemical bond that is formed when the slightly…
prokaryotic cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and embran…
eukaryotic cell
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
5 terms
AP: Chemistry, matter, and life
Outline
Chemistry
Atoms
Common elements
-elements... -molecules and compunds ... -chemical bonds... -compounds…
The science that deals with the composition and properties of…
Subunits of elements. Smallest complete units of matter. ... -pr…
-oxygen. O... -carbon. C... -hydrogen. H... -nitrogen. N... -calcium. Ca…
Outline
-elements... -molecules and compunds ... -chemical bonds... -compounds…
Chemistry
The science that deals with the composition and properties of…
68 terms
AP BIO: chemistry of life
matter
element
compound
CHON
takes up space and has mass
a substance that cannot be broken down
a substance consisting of 2+ elements
makes up 96% of living matter
matter
takes up space and has mass
element
a substance that cannot be broken down
80 terms
AP Biology: Chemistry of life
elements
oxygen
carbon
hydrogen
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
one if the essential element for life.
one of the essential element for life
one of the essential element for life
elements
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
oxygen
one if the essential element for life.
56 terms
AP BIO: The Chemistry of Life
elements
trace elements
atom
isotopes
-makes up matter. ... -cannot be broken down to simpler substanc…
-elements of very small quantities... -iron, iodine, copper
-smallest unit of an element... -retain elemental characteristic…
-different numbers of protons and neutrons in nucleus
elements
-makes up matter. ... -cannot be broken down to simpler substanc…
trace elements
-elements of very small quantities... -iron, iodine, copper
43 terms
Unit 1 AP Biology: Chemistry of Life
Ionic Bond
Non polar Covalent Bond
Polar Covalent Bond
Hydrogen Bond
chemical bond resulting from the attraction between oppositel…
covalent bond in which electrons are shared equally between t…
covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativity;…
weak bond formed between slightly positive polar covalent bon…
Ionic Bond
chemical bond resulting from the attraction between oppositel…
Non polar Covalent Bond
covalent bond in which electrons are shared equally between t…
48 terms
AP Biology Chemistry of Life
Elements
Trace elements
Compound
Ionic bond
Substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
Required by an organism in small quantities
Two or more types of atoms are combined in a fixed ratio
Electrons are transferred
Elements
Substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
Trace elements
Required by an organism in small quantities
37 terms
AP Biology- Chemistry of Life
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar covalent
polar covalent
- transfer of electrons... - one atom loses e- and becomes posit…
electrons are shared
- if the electrons are shared equally between atoms
- if the electrons are shared unequally
ionic bond
- transfer of electrons... - one atom loses e- and becomes posit…
covalent bond
electrons are shared
107 terms
AP Bio: Chemistry of Life
Matter
Element
Compound
Trace elements
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
Substance consisting of two or more different elements
Required by an organism in only minute quantities
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
Substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
72 terms
AP Biology Test: The Chemistry of Life
elements
trace elements
atom
protons
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
elements that are required by an organism in small quantities
the smallest unit of an element that retains its characterist…
positively charged particles in the nucleus of an atom
elements
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
trace elements
elements that are required by an organism in small quantities
81 terms
AP Biology: The Chemistry of Life
elements
oxygen
carbon
hydrogen
...
...
...
...
elements
...
oxygen
...
AP Bio: 1) The Chemistry of Life
CHNOPS
Trace elements
Isotopes
Mass number
Major Elements of Life: carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, p…
Elements required by an organism in only minute quantities
Forms of an element with differing numbers of neutrons... e.g. 1…
Sum of protons and neutrons
CHNOPS
Major Elements of Life: carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, p…
Trace elements
Elements required by an organism in only minute quantities
24 terms
AP Biology: The Chemistry of Life
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
Nonpolar Covalent Bond
Polar Covalent Bond
A chemical bond resulting from the attractions between opposi…
Strong chemical bond in which two or more atoms share one or…
Electrons are shared between two atoms of similar electronega…
Bond between atoms that differ in electronegativity.
Ionic Bond
A chemical bond resulting from the attractions between opposi…
Covalent Bond
Strong chemical bond in which two or more atoms share one or…
47 terms
AP Bio Chemistry of Life
Adhesion
Colloid
pH
Phosphate group
the clinging of one substance to another. "Water molecule att…
A colloid is mixture where at least two types of substances a…
runs between 0-14 and measures the relative acidity and alkal…
one part of the nucleotide. A phosphate group is also called…
Adhesion
the clinging of one substance to another. "Water molecule att…
Colloid
A colloid is mixture where at least two types of substances a…
80 terms
AP Bio - The Chemistry of Life
elements
oxygen
carbon
hydrogen
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
96% of the mass of all organisms is made up of this of the 4…
96% of the mass of all organisms is made up of this of the 4…
96% of the mass of all organisms is made up of this of the 4…
elements
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
oxygen
96% of the mass of all organisms is made up of this of the 4…
116 terms
AP Biology - The Chemistry of Life
elements
CHNOPS
carbon
hydrogen
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
an acronym representing the 6 key elements of life
key element of life; major component of ALL organic compounds…
key element of life, highly involved in the creation of prote…
elements
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
CHNOPS
an acronym representing the 6 key elements of life
31 terms
AP Bio: The Chemistry of Life
polar molecule
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
overall charge of a molecule is unevenly distributed
weak bond between molecules
molecules of the same substance stick to each other via hydro…
a molecule can stick to a molecule of a different substances
polar molecule
overall charge of a molecule is unevenly distributed
hydrogen bond
weak bond between molecules
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