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Study sets matching "ap chemistry life"

63 terms
AP Biology: Chemistry of Life
Element(s)
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Trace (Elements)
Compound(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
the other elements that compose 4% of the mass of all organis…
when two or more DIFFERENT types of atoms are combined in a f…
Element(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
65 terms
AP Biology--The Chemistry of Life
Ionic Bonds
Ions
Covalent Bonds
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
electrons between atoms are shared (electronegativities of th…
electrons are shared equally
Ionic Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
Ions
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
51 terms
APES Chemistry to Energy to Life
Bioremediation
matter
Law of conservation of energy
Law of conservation of matter
The act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
anything that occupies space and has mass
The law that states that energy cannot be created or destroye…
The idea that matter is neither created nor destroyed in only…
Bioremediation
The act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
40 terms
AP Biology - The Chemistry of Life
Organic Compounds
Inorganic Compounds
The Qualities of Water
Carbohydrates
They are compounds with carbon in them excluding CO2, CO and…
They are compounds that aren't organic and include water, and…
Water is polar and can dissolve other polar substances. Water…
They are organic compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen and ox…
Organic Compounds
They are compounds with carbon in them excluding CO2, CO and…
Inorganic Compounds
They are compounds that aren't organic and include water, and…
67 terms
AP Biology: 01: Chemistry of Life
Element(s)
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Trace (Elements)
Compound(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
the other elements that compose 4% of the mass of all organis…
when two or more DIFFERENT types of atoms are combined in a f…
Element(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
67 terms
AP Biology: 01: Chemistry of Life
Element(s)
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Trace (Elements)
Compound(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
the other elements that compose 4% of the mass of all organis…
when two or more DIFFERENT types of atoms are combined in a f…
Element(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
78 terms
AP Bio Unit 1: Chemistry of Life
Acid
Base
Buffer
Cohesion
a substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
a substance that reduces the hydrogen ion concentration of th…
a solution that minimizes changes in ph when acids or bases a…
The linking it together of like molecules often by hydrogen b…
Acid
a substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Base
a substance that reduces the hydrogen ion concentration of th…
33 terms
AP Biology- Life Chemistry
atomic structure
elements
atomic number
mass number
A. Atoms... a) nucleus- with protons (positively charged) and n…
pure substance with only one type of atom
the number of protons
protons+neutrons
atomic structure
A. Atoms... a) nucleus- with protons (positively charged) and n…
elements
pure substance with only one type of atom
30 terms
AP Bio:Chemistry of Life
Explain how covalent bonds form.
Describe the difference between polar…
Explain how ionic bonds form.
Describe why water is a polar molecule.
Two unstable elements with unfilled outer shells react and sh…
The difference between polar and non-polar bonds is that a po…
An ionic bond is formed from the attraction of two oppositely…
When water is formed, the electrons shared will stay around O…
Explain how covalent bonds form.
Two unstable elements with unfilled outer shells react and sh…
Describe the difference between polar…
The difference between polar and non-polar bonds is that a po…
67 terms
AP Bio: Chemistry of Life
macromolecules
polymer
carbon
tetravalence
big molecules
made up of smaller units called monomers
element of life; compounds that have carbon are called organic
can form 4 bonds; carbon is tetravalent so it can form 4 bond…
macromolecules
big molecules
polymer
made up of smaller units called monomers
29 terms
AP Biology: The Chemistry of Life (1)
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
polar covalent bond
hydrogen bond
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and embran…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativit…
A type of weak chemical bond that is formed when the slightly…
prokaryotic cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and embran…
eukaryotic cell
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
5 terms
AP3 Chemistry of Life
Potassium
Sodium
Calcium
Covalent bonding
K
Na
Ca
Share electrons, strong bonds, organic, not easily dissolved,…
Potassium
K
Sodium
Na
126 terms
AP Bio: Chemistry of Life
Hydrogen Bond
Cohesion
Carbohydrate
Hydrolysis
relatively weak bonds that form between the partial positivel…
attraction between like substances, occurs in water because o…
carbohydrates are the most abundant class of biolmolecules on…
water is added to split larger molecules.
Hydrogen Bond
relatively weak bonds that form between the partial positivel…
Cohesion
attraction between like substances, occurs in water because o…
46 terms
AP Biology Unit 1: The Chemistry of Life
polar covalent bond
hydrogen bond
specific heat
evaporative cooling
A covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativit…
A type of weak chemical bond that is formed when the slightly…
The amount of heat that must be absorbed or lost for 1 g of a…
The process in which the surface of an object becomes cooler…
polar covalent bond
A covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativit…
hydrogen bond
A type of weak chemical bond that is formed when the slightly…
43 terms
Th chemistry of life (AP BIO)
matter
element
compound
four most essential elements necessary…
anything that takes up space and has mass
a substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
a substance consisting of two or more elements combined in a…
-carbon (C)... -oxygen (O)... -hydrogen (H)... -nitrogen (N)
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
a substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
AP Biology: Chemistry Life
Adhesion
Colloid
pH
Phosphate group
The attraction between different kinds of molecules
A mixture made of a liquid and particles that remain suspende…
A measure of hydrogen ion concentration ( 0-14)
-PO4 transfers energy between organic molecules ... ATP, GTP, etc.
Adhesion
The attraction between different kinds of molecules
Colloid
A mixture made of a liquid and particles that remain suspende…
56 terms
AP BIO: The Chemistry of Life
elements
trace elements
atom
isotopes
-makes up matter. ... -cannot be broken down to simpler substanc…
-elements of very small quantities... -iron, iodine, copper
-smallest unit of an element... -retain elemental characteristic…
-different numbers of protons and neutrons in nucleus
elements
-makes up matter. ... -cannot be broken down to simpler substanc…
trace elements
-elements of very small quantities... -iron, iodine, copper
34 terms
Chemistry of Life AP Review
Elements are substances that cannot
96% of the mass of all organisms are m…
Trace Elements are
Examples of trace elements are:
be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means.
Oxygen (O), Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), and Nitrogen (N)
Only required by an organism in very small quantities
Iodine (I), Iron (Fe), and Copper (Co)
Elements are substances that cannot
be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means.
96% of the mass of all organisms are m…
Oxygen (O), Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), and Nitrogen (N)
47 terms
AP Bio Chemistry of Life
Adhesion
Colloid
pH
Phosphate group
the clinging of one substance to another. "Water molecule att…
A colloid is mixture where at least two types of substances a…
runs between 0-14 and measures the relative acidity and alkal…
one part of the nucleotide. A phosphate group is also called…
Adhesion
the clinging of one substance to another. "Water molecule att…
Colloid
A colloid is mixture where at least two types of substances a…
23 terms
AP- Chemistry of Life
Essential Elements
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, calcium, phosphorous, pot…
positively charged molecules that are packed in the core of a…
molecules without charge that are packed in the core of an atom
negatively charged molecules that spin around the nucleus, re…
Essential Elements
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, calcium, phosphorous, pot…
Protons
positively charged molecules that are packed in the core of a…
114 terms
AP Biology - The Chemistry of Life
elements
CHNOPS
carbon
hydrogen
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
an acronym representing the 6 key elements of life
key element of life; major component of ALL organic compounds…
key element of life, highly involved in the creation of prote…
elements
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
CHNOPS
an acronym representing the 6 key elements of life
88 terms
AP Bio: Chemistry of Life
element
atom
atomic number
atomic mass
a substance that can't be broken down into a simpler form
the smallest unit of an element that retains its properties
number of protons in the nucleus of atom
weighted percentage of found isotopes
element
a substance that can't be broken down into a simpler form
atom
the smallest unit of an element that retains its properties
60 terms
AP Biology--The Chemistry of Life
Ionic Bonds
Ions
Covalent Bonds
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
electrons between atoms are shared (electronegativities of th…
electrons are shared equally
Ionic Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
Ions
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
62 terms
AP 1 The Chemistry of Life
Minerals
Atom
Protons (p+)
Neutrons (no)
inorganic elements extracted from the soil by plants
particle so small that nothing can cut it
have a single positive charge
have no charge
Minerals
inorganic elements extracted from the soil by plants
Atom
particle so small that nothing can cut it
150 terms
AP Bio: The Chemistry of Life
Molecule
Cell
Organ system
Population
Two or more atoms held together by covalent bonds.
Smallest alive unit
Group of organs that together achieve a necessary function
A group of individuals of the same species that live in the s…
Molecule
Two or more atoms held together by covalent bonds.
Cell
Smallest alive unit
30 terms
AP Bio--The Chemistry Of Life
Matter
Element
Compound
C H O N
Anything that takes up space and has mass
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
A substance consisting of two or more elements combined in a…
Makes up 96% of living matter. About 25 of the 92 natural ele…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
100 terms
AP Bio- The Chemistry of Life
compound
CHON
Trace Elements
isotopes
two or more elements in a fixed ratio
make up 96% of living matter
those required by an organism in only minute quantities
forms an element with differing numbers of neutrons
compound
two or more elements in a fixed ratio
CHON
make up 96% of living matter
25 terms
AP Bio: The Chemistry of Life
Trace elements
Nonpolar covalent bond
Cohesion
Adhesion
Required by organism in small quantities
Electrons shared equally between two atoms
Water molecules have strong tendency to stick together
Water molecules sticking to other substances
Trace elements
Required by organism in small quantities
Nonpolar covalent bond
Electrons shared equally between two atoms
58 terms
AP Biology--The Chemistry of Life
Ionic Bonds
Ions
Covalent Bonds
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
electrons between atoms are shared (electronegativities of th…
electrons are shared equally
Ionic Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
Ions
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
31 terms
AP Bio - Life Chemistry and Energy
element
Carbon... Hydrogen... Nitrogen... Oxygen
the electrons in the atom's valence sh…
ionic bonds
pure substance that contains only one kind of atom
Which elements make up about 96% of all living matter?
What determines how atoms with behave, and whether they will…
Bonds that form when atoms gain or lose one or more electrons…
element
pure substance that contains only one kind of atom
Carbon... Hydrogen... Nitrogen... Oxygen
Which elements make up about 96% of all living matter?
52 terms
AP Bio The Chemistry of Life
What are the 6 elements that make up b…
Isotope
covalent bonds
Nonpolar covalent bonds
Carbon... Hydrogen... Nitrogen... Oxygen... Phosphorus... Sulfur ... CHNOPS
forms of an element with differing numbers of neutrons
when electrons are shared by two atoms
when electrons being shared are shared eqaully between atoms
What are the 6 elements that make up b…
Carbon... Hydrogen... Nitrogen... Oxygen... Phosphorus... Sulfur ... CHNOPS
Isotope
forms of an element with differing numbers of neutrons
21 terms
AP Biology Chemistry of Life
Polar
Adhesive
Cohesive
Capillary Action
One end + ; One end - . Dissolve in water.
The polarity of water which allows it to interact and "stick"…
Water sticks to other water molecules
Water can defy gravity and balance in the middle of a tube wi…
Polar
One end + ; One end - . Dissolve in water.
Adhesive
The polarity of water which allows it to interact and "stick"…
AP Bio: 1) The Chemistry of Life
CHNOPS
Trace elements
Isotopes
Mass number
Major Elements of Life: carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, p…
Elements required by an organism in only minute quantities
Forms of an element with differing numbers of neutrons... e.g. 1…
Sum of protons and neutrons
CHNOPS
Major Elements of Life: carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, p…
Trace elements
Elements required by an organism in only minute quantities
70 terms
AP Biology Chemistry of Life
Lipids or Fats
Saturated fatty acids
Unsaturated fatty acids
Lipid
Made up of a glycerol molecule and three fatty acids molecules
Have no double bonds between carbons... Tend to pack solidly at…
have some C=C (carbon double bonds) ... Tend to be liquid at roo…
Energy storage and protection of vitals organs are a function…
Lipids or Fats
Made up of a glycerol molecule and three fatty acids molecules
Saturated fatty acids
Have no double bonds between carbons... Tend to pack solidly at…
20 terms
AP Bio - Life Chemistry
cations
anions
molecule
dehydration synthesis
ions with a positive charge
ions with a negative charge
a combination of elements is a _____
process by which proteins are made
cations
ions with a positive charge
anions
ions with a negative charge
63 terms
AP Lecture - Chemistry of Life
Biochemistry
Elements
Atoms
Atomic number
Study of carbon-based molecules that compose living organisms
Simplest form of matter. Made of atoms
Made of particles known as protons, neutrons, and electrons
Identifies each element. Number of protons in nucleus.
Biochemistry
Study of carbon-based molecules that compose living organisms
Elements
Simplest form of matter. Made of atoms
46 terms
AP Biology Review - The Chemistry of Life
Chapter 1 - The Chemistry of Life
E
A
A
AP Biology Review
1. Inorganic Compound... A. Protein ... B. Lipid ... C. Nucleic acid…
2. Contains peptide bonds... A. Protein ... B. Lipid ... C. Nucleic a…
3. Synthesized in the rough ER... A. Protein ... B. Lipid ... C. Nucl…
Chapter 1 - The Chemistry of Life
AP Biology Review
E
1. Inorganic Compound... A. Protein ... B. Lipid ... C. Nucleic acid…
48 terms
AP Biology Chemistry of Life
Elements
Trace elements
Compound
Ionic bond
Substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
Required by an organism in small quantities
Two or more types of atoms are combined in a fixed ratio
Electrons are transferred
Elements
Substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
Trace elements
Required by an organism in small quantities
107 terms
AP Bio: Chemistry of Life
Matter
Element
Compound
Trace elements
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
Substance consisting of two or more different elements
Required by an organism in only minute quantities
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
Substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
34 terms
AP Bio Chemistry of Life
hydroxyl
carboxyl
carbonyl
amino
-OH
-COOH
<CO
-NH2
hydroxyl
-OH
carboxyl
-COOH
40 terms
Ap Bio Chemistry of life
Atom
Isotopes
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
The smallest unit of an element that retains its characterist…
Atoms that have the same number of protons but differ in numb…
Bond between two atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
Bond formers with shared electrons
Atom
The smallest unit of an element that retains its characterist…
Isotopes
Atoms that have the same number of protons but differ in numb…
64 terms
AP BIO Chemistry of Life
Biological Levels of Organization
Properties of Life
Cell Theory
Robert Hooke
atom-> molecule-> cell-> tissue-> organ-> organ systems->orga…
Order-Reproduction-Growth and Development-Energy use-Respond…
The cell is the basic unit of structure and function.
He named the cell.
Biological Levels of Organization
atom-> molecule-> cell-> tissue-> organ-> organ systems->orga…
Properties of Life
Order-Reproduction-Growth and Development-Energy use-Respond…
21 terms
AP BIO Chemistry of Life
Isotopes
Radioactive Isotopes
Valance electron interactions; atoms
Electronegativity
2 forms of an element that have the same number of protons bu…
When the nucleus decays spontaneously and particles are given…
Bonds are formed by________________ between _________.
How strongly an atom attracts the shared electron
Isotopes
2 forms of an element that have the same number of protons bu…
Radioactive Isotopes
When the nucleus decays spontaneously and particles are given…
AP Bio - Chemistry of Life
Matter
Element
Compound
Which four essential elements make up…
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
Substance consisting of two or more elements combines in a fi…
Carbon (C), oxygen (O), hydrogen (H), and nitrogen (N)
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
35 terms
AP Bio: Chemistry for Life
chemical equalibrium
compound
covalent bond
electronegativity
in a chemical reaction, the state in which the rate of the fo…
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
a type of strong chemical bond in which two atoms share one o…
the attraction of a given atom for the electrons of a covalen…
chemical equalibrium
in a chemical reaction, the state in which the rate of the fo…
compound
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
80 terms
AP Biology: Chemistry of life
elements
oxygen
carbon
hydrogen
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
one if the essential element for life.
one of the essential element for life
one of the essential element for life
elements
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
oxygen
one if the essential element for life.
5 terms
AP: Chemistry, matter, and life
Outline
Chemistry
Atoms
Common elements
-elements... -molecules and compunds ... -chemical bonds... -compounds…
The science that deals with the composition and properties of…
Subunits of elements. Smallest complete units of matter. ... -pr…
-oxygen. O... -carbon. C... -hydrogen. H... -nitrogen. N... -calcium. Ca…
Outline
-elements... -molecules and compunds ... -chemical bonds... -compounds…
Chemistry
The science that deals with the composition and properties of…
68 terms
AP BIO: chemistry of life
matter
element
compound
CHON
takes up space and has mass
a substance that cannot be broken down
a substance consisting of 2+ elements
makes up 96% of living matter
matter
takes up space and has mass
element
a substance that cannot be broken down
62 terms
AP Biology, chemistry of life
polar molecule
cohesion
adhesion
hydrophilic
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
An attraction between molecules of the same substance
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Water loving
polar molecule
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
cohesion
An attraction between molecules of the same substance
65 terms
AP Biology--The Chemistry of Life
Ionic Bonds
Ions
Covalent Bonds
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
electrons between atoms are shared (electronegativities of th…
electrons are shared equally
Ionic Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
Ions
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
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