Study sets matching "ap comparative government third world"

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Study sets matching "ap comparative government third world"

12 terms
AP Comparative Government, Chapter 3
Democratization
Legitimacy
Agents of Political Socialization
Participants
The trend toward democracy in Eastern Europe, East Asia, and…
Peoples belief that they ought to obey laws.
Individuals, organizations, and institutions that influence p…
Citizens who are, or have the potential to be, involved in th…
Democratization
The trend toward democracy in Eastern Europe, East Asia, and…
Legitimacy
Peoples belief that they ought to obey laws.
47 terms
AP Comparative Government: Chapter 3 and 4
Anarchism
Capitalism
Central Bank
Citizenship
A political ideology that stresses the elimination of the sta…
A system of production based on private property and free mar…
The state institution that controls how much money is flowing…
An individual's relationship to the state, wherein citizens s…
Anarchism
A political ideology that stresses the elimination of the sta…
Capitalism
A system of production based on private property and free mar…
24 terms
AP Comparative Government--Chapter 3
Social Cleavages
Society
Ethnic identity
Nation
-Society is divided based upon certain cleavages in society…
-Complex human organization--A collection of people bound bar…
-Set of institutions and specific attributes that bind people…
-A group that desires self-government through an independent…
Social Cleavages
-Society is divided based upon certain cleavages in society…
Society
-Complex human organization--A collection of people bound bar…
AP Comparative Government Week 3
Competitive Elections
Conflictual Political Culture
Consensual Political Culture
Conservatism
Elections involving more than one candidate where the results…
Citizens are sharply divided on the legitimacy of the regime…
Citizens tend to agree on the appropriate means of making pol…
A political and social philosophy that promotes retaining soc…
Competitive Elections
Elections involving more than one candidate where the results…
Conflictual Political Culture
Citizens are sharply divided on the legitimacy of the regime…
24 terms
AP Comparative Government--Chapter 3
Social Cleavages
Society
Ethnic identity
Nation
-Society is divided based upon certain cleavages in society…
-Complex human organization--A collection of people bound bar…
-Set of institutions and specific attributes that bind people…
-A group that desires self-government through an independent…
Social Cleavages
-Society is divided based upon certain cleavages in society…
Society
-Complex human organization--A collection of people bound bar…
AP Comparative Government Unit 3
Authoritarianism
Bureaucratic authoritarianism
Clientelism
Corporatism
a form of government characterized by strong central power an…
a regime in which the state bureaucracy and the military shar…
where the state co opts members of the public by providing sp…
a method in which nondemocratic regimes attempt to solidify c…
Authoritarianism
a form of government characterized by strong central power an…
Bureaucratic authoritarianism
a regime in which the state bureaucracy and the military shar…
45 terms
AP Comparative Government: UK
Beveridge Report
Cabinet
Conservative Party
Labour Party
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance progra…
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive depart…
The late 1600s is when this party comes into precedence. Sinc…
founded in 1900 and came to prominence in the 1920s but was o…
Beveridge Report
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance progra…
Cabinet
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive depart…
AP Comparative Government Final
Example of devolution
Not a characteristic of British politi…
democratic deficit and the EU
common law
Scottish Parliament
separation of powers
most decision making is done by non elected officials
officials and courts make decisions that set precedents for f…
Example of devolution
Scottish Parliament
Not a characteristic of British politi…
separation of powers
30 terms
AP Comparative Government Nigeria
legitimacy in Nigeria
sovereignty in Nigeria
civil society in Nigeria
Political Participation in Nigeria
The legitimacy of the current Nigerian government system rest…
The People
Deep cleavages across Nigerian society have greatly hampered…
In theory, citizens of Nigeria have all the avenues of libera…
legitimacy in Nigeria
The legitimacy of the current Nigerian government system rest…
sovereignty in Nigeria
The People
21 terms
AP Comparative Government Topic 3 Vocab
reform
revolution
coup d etas
radicalism
is a type of change that does not advocate the overthrow of b…
in contrast to reform, implies change at a more basic level,…
"blows to the state", replace leadership of a country with ne…
is a belief that rapid, dramatic changes need to be made in t…
reform
is a type of change that does not advocate the overthrow of b…
revolution
in contrast to reform, implies change at a more basic level,…
Unit 3 AP Comparative Government
"Shock Therapy"
A Just Russia
Asymmetric Federalism
Bolsheviks
The sudden release of price and currency controls, withdrawal…
A social democratic political party in Russia currently holdi…
Found in a federation or confederation in which different con…
A faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Par…
"Shock Therapy"
The sudden release of price and currency controls, withdrawal…
A Just Russia
A social democratic political party in Russia currently holdi…
30 terms
AP Comparative Government Iran
civil society in Iran
Iranian legitimacy
Sovereignty lies in
Political Participation in Iran
Since the revolution, Iran has been slow to develop a functio…
As is true in China, the revolutionary credentials of the lea…
God (Allah)
Citizens of Iran can join political parties that are approved…
civil society in Iran
Since the revolution, Iran has been slow to develop a functio…
Iranian legitimacy
As is true in China, the revolutionary credentials of the lea…
19 terms
AP Comparative Government Chapter 3
Society
Ethnic Identity/ Ethnicity
National Identity
Nationalism
complex human organization, a collection of people bound by t…
a set of institutions (usually informal) that bind people tog…
an institution that binds people together through a common po…
pride in one's people and belief of their own sovereign polit…
Society
complex human organization, a collection of people bound by t…
Ethnic Identity/ Ethnicity
a set of institutions (usually informal) that bind people tog…
60 terms
Mexico- AP Comparative Government
haciendas
missions
peninsulares / Viceroys
Creoles
large estates granted by the king and owned by wealthy Spanis…
religious settlements established by priests in spanish ameri…
People born in Spain - the highest social class in Latin Amer…
In colonial Spanish America, term used to describe someone of…
haciendas
large estates granted by the king and owned by wealthy Spanis…
missions
religious settlements established by priests in spanish ameri…
AP Comparative Government & Politics Chapters 1-3
What are the main challenges that coun…
What are the causes and consequences o…
What are the causes and consequences o…
How does globalization contribute to e…
Ethnicity... -Different ethnic groups often lead to political co…
Causes... -Transformation of structure of labor force (More urba…
Causes... -Technological advancements... -Wealth... -Education... -Failur…
Economic Development... -Creation of jobs ... -Higher wages... -Urbani…
What are the main challenges that coun…
Ethnicity... -Different ethnic groups often lead to political co…
What are the causes and consequences o…
Causes... -Transformation of structure of labor force (More urba…
16 terms
AP Comparative Government China 3
iron rice bowl
long march
mandate of heaven
maoism
mao's promise of cradle to grave health care, work, and retir…
a 6000-mile, year-long trek of maoand his followers to escape…
a political theory of ancient china in which those in power w…
distinctly chinese version of communism: inequality resisted,…
iron rice bowl
mao's promise of cradle to grave health care, work, and retir…
long march
a 6000-mile, year-long trek of maoand his followers to escape…
45 terms
AP Comparative Government: UK
Beveridge Report
Cabinet
Conservative Party
Labour Party
An important report produced by William Beveridge in 1942 tha…
Responsible for formulating policy to be placed before Parlia…
A political party in Great Britain which developed from the T…
British political party founded in 1900 with the help of trad…
Beveridge Report
An important report produced by William Beveridge in 1942 tha…
Cabinet
Responsible for formulating policy to be placed before Parlia…
Comparative Government AP
dictatorship
anarchy
theocracy
fascism
led by single leader usually by force
no government
religious leader and political leader one in the same
belief in one national identity, one religion, one language,…
dictatorship
led by single leader usually by force
anarchy
no government
20 terms
AP Comparative Government China
CCP
PRC
guanxi
democratic centralism
Chinese Communist Party
Peoples Republic of China
The concept of _____ cannot be easily defined in English. It…
_______ is the system of internal political organization used…
CCP
Chinese Communist Party
PRC
Peoples Republic of China
25 terms
AP Comparative Government Chapter 3
Collective responsibility
Collective consensus
Three-line whip
Shadow cabinet
Doctrine that all cabinet members must agree with all decision
Cross-party British support for the welfare state that lasted…
Statements to MPs that they must vote according to the party'…
In Britain's system, the official leadership of the oppositio…
Collective responsibility
Doctrine that all cabinet members must agree with all decision
Collective consensus
Cross-party British support for the welfare state that lasted…
20 terms
AP Comparative Government Developing World Terms
NICs-
LDCs-
Compressed Modernity-
Economic Liberalization-
newly industrializing countries;
less developed countries;
rapid economic and political change; an example is how South…
an economic theory advocating free competition and a self-reg…
NICs-
newly industrializing countries;
LDCs-
less developed countries;
30 terms
AP Comparative Government Chapter 3
Society
ethnicity
nation
national identity
complex human organization, a collection of people bound by s…
a person's relation to other members of society, a common cul…
a group that desires self-government through an independent s…
institutions that binds people together through common politi…
Society
complex human organization, a collection of people bound by s…
ethnicity
a person's relation to other members of society, a common cul…
AP Comparative Government Ch. 3
Society
Ethnic Identity or Ethnicity
Nation
National Identity
Refers to the complex human organization, a collection of peo…
A set of institutions that bind people together through a com…
A group that desires self-government through an independent s…
An institution that binds people together through common poli…
Society
Refers to the complex human organization, a collection of peo…
Ethnic Identity or Ethnicity
A set of institutions that bind people together through a com…
60 terms
AP Comparative Government Chapter 3: European Union
Devolution
Integration
Supranational Organization
United Nations
the process of decentralizing the unitary state to share poli…
the process that encourages states to pool their sovereignty…
been around for many years, changing image, , Alliance of thr…
192 nations, lasted more than 60 yeas, voluntary membership,…
Devolution
the process of decentralizing the unitary state to share poli…
Integration
the process that encourages states to pool their sovereignty…
AP Comparative Government Chapter 3
Political Culture
The three levels of political culture
System level
Why are orientations toward the politi…
-Public attitudes toward politics and the citizen's role in t…
-System... -Process... -Policy
How people view the values and organizations that comprise th…
-tap basic attachments to the polity and the nation. ... -eg. na…
Political Culture
-Public attitudes toward politics and the citizen's role in t…
The three levels of political culture
-System... -Process... -Policy
57 terms
AP Comparative Government- Iran
theocracy
secularization
Zoroastrianism
caliphate
a government ruled strictly by religion
the belief that religion and government should be separated
state sponsored religion of the Persian Empire (600-400 BC)
leader of the Islamic Empier of the Arabs, defeated by invadi…
theocracy
a government ruled strictly by religion
secularization
the belief that religion and government should be separated
15 terms
AP Comparative Government: EU terms
Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
Council of (National Ministers) of the…
Democratic Deficit
Enlargement Fatigue
System of EU agricultural subsidies and programs that tries t…
Essentially the upper house of the legislature. NOT directly…
Concerns that there is gap between citizens and institutions…
Existing countries are growing tired of expanding the EU. Ori…
Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
System of EU agricultural subsidies and programs that tries t…
Council of (National Ministers) of the…
Essentially the upper house of the legislature. NOT directly…
62 terms
AP Comparative Government Mexico
Mestizo
Amerindian
Indigenous Groups
Maquiladoras
A person of mixed white, indigenous (Amerindian), and sometim…
Original peoples of North and South America; indigenous people.
Population of Amerindian heritage in Mexico.
Factories that produce goods for export, often located along…
Mestizo
A person of mixed white, indigenous (Amerindian), and sometim…
Amerindian
Original peoples of North and South America; indigenous people.
57 terms
AP Comparative Government- Iran
theocracy
secularization
Zoroastrianism
caliphate
a government ruled strictly by religion
the belief that religion and government should be separated
state sponsored religion of the Persian Empire (600-400 BC)
leader of the Islamic Empier of the Arabs, defeated by invadi…
theocracy
a government ruled strictly by religion
secularization
the belief that religion and government should be separated
45 terms
AP Comparative Government: UK
Beveridge Report
Cabinet
Conservative Party
Labour Party
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance progra…
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive depart…
The late 1600s is when this party comes into precedence. Sinc…
founded in 1900 and came to prominence in the 1920s but was o…
Beveridge Report
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance progra…
Cabinet
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive depart…
46 terms
AP Comparative Government: Britain
alternative voting
backbenchers
Beveridge Report
British Broadcasting Corporation
A system of voting in which voters list the candidates in ord…
MP's of a party who have no governmental office or sit as ran…
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance progra…
Broadcasting network set up by Parliament. Instead of being d…
alternative voting
A system of voting in which voters list the candidates in ord…
backbenchers
MP's of a party who have no governmental office or sit as ran…
51 terms
AP Comparative Government: Nigeria
Umaru Musa Yar'Ardua (2007-2011)
Goodluck Jonathan
Hausa-Fulani
Yoruba
People's Democratic Party; First Nigerian leader to... publicly…
allowing free elections; successor of Umaru Musa Yar'Ardua; u…
largest ethnic group that lives in northwestern Nigeria; Muslim
southwest; second largest ethnic group; 40% Muslim, 50% Chris…
Umaru Musa Yar'Ardua (2007-2011)
People's Democratic Party; First Nigerian leader to... publicly…
Goodluck Jonathan
allowing free elections; successor of Umaru Musa Yar'Ardua; u…
51 terms
AP Comparative Government: China
cadre
campaign
capitalist roader
Confucianism
a nucleus of military personnel capable of expansion
several related operations aimed at achieving a particular go…
Derogatory term used to label moderate CCP leaders during the…
the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity
cadre
a nucleus of military personnel capable of expansion
campaign
several related operations aimed at achieving a particular go…
67 terms
AP Comparative Government China
cadre
Central Committee
Central Military Commission
chiang kai-shek
a group of influential politicians capable of forming or lead…
340 members that meet together annually for a week; carry on…
represents the military in china's government; head plays an…
former nationalist leader of china who fled to taiwan after m…
cadre
a group of influential politicians capable of forming or lead…
Central Committee
340 members that meet together annually for a week; carry on…
47 terms
AP Comparative Government Parts 3 & 4
bicameral legislature
unicameral legislature
bureaucracy
cabinet
legislature with two houses
legislature with one house
consist of agencies that implement governement policy
body of advisors to the president
bicameral legislature
legislature with two houses
unicameral legislature
legislature with one house
45 terms
AP Comparative Government Vocab
Economic system in which economic deci…
Economic system in which all economic…
Economic system in which both the stat…
Macroeconomic measure of the value of…
Market economy
Command economy
Mixed economy
GDP
Economic system in which economic deci…
Market economy
Economic system in which all economic…
Command economy
53 terms
AP Comparative Government: Mexico
Bracero Program
Caciques
Calderón, Felipe
Camarillas
A WWII program that allowed millions of Mexicans to work temp…
Local military strongmen, who generally controlled local poli…
Mexico's most recent (as in not current) president, elected i…
Vast informal networks of personal loyalty that operate as po…
Bracero Program
A WWII program that allowed millions of Mexicans to work temp…
Caciques
Local military strongmen, who generally controlled local poli…
72 terms
AP Comparative Government- China
3rd generation leader
4th generation leader
autonomous regions
cadres
..., from 1992-2003 leaders (Jiang Zemin) who received educat…
..., from 2003 to 2010, Hu Jintao is the core figure or Gener…
..., Areas that have limited self-government within a soverei…
..., 60 million in China. Mid-level (communist) party officia…
3rd generation leader
..., from 1992-2003 leaders (Jiang Zemin) who received educat…
4th generation leader
..., from 2003 to 2010, Hu Jintao is the core figure or Gener…
57 terms
AP Comparative Government- Iran
theocracy
secularization
Zoroastrianism
caliphate
a government ruled strictly by religion
the belief that religion and government should be separated
state sponsored religion of the Persian Empire (600-400 BC)
leader of the Islamic Empier of the Arabs, defeated by invadi…
theocracy
a government ruled strictly by religion
secularization
the belief that religion and government should be separated
26 terms
AP Comparative Government Mexico
accomodation
agro-export model of developement
anti-clericalism
civil society
an agreement between a government and important interest grou…
a strategy for economic developement in which a country expor…
opposition to the political power of religious institutions o…
a network of voluntary associations that exists outside the s…
accomodation
an agreement between a government and important interest grou…
agro-export model of developement
a strategy for economic developement in which a country expor…
51 terms
AP Comparative Government - Mexico
Bracero Program
Caciques
Calderon, Felipe
Camarillas
A World War II program that allowed millions of Mexicans to w…
Local military strongmen, who generally controlled local poli…
Mexico's current president, elected in 2006.
Vast informal networks of personal royalty that operate as po…
Bracero Program
A World War II program that allowed millions of Mexicans to w…
Caciques
Local military strongmen, who generally controlled local poli…
33 terms
AP Comparative Government: Russia
Caucasus
Chechnya
Cheka
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Southwest Russia, near the Black Sea and Turkey, where there…
Russian republic that has been a source of military conflict…
Soviet secret police created by Lenin, PRECURSOR TO THE KGB.
A loose integrationist body that incorporates most former Sov…
Caucasus
Southwest Russia, near the Black Sea and Turkey, where there…
Chechnya
Russian republic that has been a source of military conflict…
AP Comparative Government: UK
Beveridge Report
Cabinet
Conservative Party
Labour Party
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance progra…
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive depart…
The late 1600s is when this party comes into precedence. Sinc…
founded in 1900 and came to prominence in the 1920s but was o…
Beveridge Report
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance progra…
Cabinet
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive depart…
60 terms
Mexico- AP Comparative Government
haciendas
missions
peninsulares / Viceroys
Creoles
large estates granted by the king and owned by wealthy Spanis…
religious settlements established by priests in spanish ameri…
People born in Spain - the highest social class in Latin Amer…
In colonial Spanish America, term used to describe someone of…
haciendas
large estates granted by the king and owned by wealthy Spanis…
missions
religious settlements established by priests in spanish ameri…
65 terms
AP Comparative Government Final Exam Set #2
Russian Legitimacy
Historical Influences on Political Tra…
Russia's Conflictual Political Culture
statism
In the earliest years of the 21st century, the legitimacy of…
From the beginning, Russian tsars held absolute power that th…
The idea that the rights of the nation are supreme over the r…
Russian Legitimacy
In the earliest years of the 21st century, the legitimacy of…
Historical Influences on Political Tra…
From the beginning, Russian tsars held absolute power that th…
79 terms
Russia- AP Comparative Government
Autonomous republic
nomenklatura
Collectivization
Okrug
a territorial unit in the Soviet Union that was a member of t…
The selection process for the chosen few who command the comm…
Stalin in the late 1920s and early 1930s and in China under M…
one of ten territorial units of the Russian Federation that a…
Autonomous republic
a territorial unit in the Soviet Union that was a member of t…
nomenklatura
The selection process for the chosen few who command the comm…
14 terms
AP Comparative Government: Chapter 3 - Vocabulary
Agents of Political Socialization
Democratization
Fundamentalism
Marketization
Individuals, organizations, and institutions that influence p…
The erosion of non democratic ideologies and development of c…
The interpretation of the written word in sacred texts as abs…
The acceptance of free markets and private and profit incenti…
Agents of Political Socialization
Individuals, organizations, and institutions that influence p…
Democratization
The erosion of non democratic ideologies and development of c…
37 terms
AP Comparative Government Chapter 3 Supranational Organizations
The Commission
Common Market
Council of Ministers
Crisis Management
27 members, one from each member state, supported by bureaucr…
informal name for European Economic Council (EEC), establishe…
Demonstrates the continuing power of the states, foreign mini…
Part of common defense, tasks placed at the core of the devel…
The Commission
27 members, one from each member state, supported by bureaucr…
Common Market
informal name for European Economic Council (EEC), establishe…
24 terms
AP Comparative Government - Democratization
Democratic regime
Procedural democracies
Substantive democracies
Democratization
A set of institutions that allow the citizens to choose the m…
Countries that meet the minimum requirements of democracy, wi…
Countries that guarantee many more political rights and civil…
The transformation process from a nondemocratic regime to a p…
Democratic regime
A set of institutions that allow the citizens to choose the m…
Procedural democracies
Countries that meet the minimum requirements of democracy, wi…
AP Comparative Government #1
sovereignty
politics
comparative politics
comparative method
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control…
Method of maintaining, managing, and gaining control of gover…
the study and comparison of domestic politics across countries.
A way to make comparisons across cases and draw conclusions.
sovereignty
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control…
politics
Method of maintaining, managing, and gaining control of gover…
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