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Study sets matching "ap comparative government"

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Study sets matching "ap comparative government"

32 terms
AP comparative Government Vocab
Alternative Voting
Austerity
Backbenchers
Beveridge Report
A voting system where voters get to rank the candidates in or…
The belief that the best way to fix an ailing economy is to l…
Low-level Members of Parliament who have little effect on the…
A 1942 report that recommended creating a "welfare state" in…
Alternative Voting
A voting system where voters get to rank the candidates in or…
Austerity
The belief that the best way to fix an ailing economy is to l…
48 terms
AP Comparative Government: Iran
Constitution of 1979
Oil
Secularization
Theocracy
Constitution implemented after the Islamic Revolution
The resource that Iran is dependent on as a rentier state
Religion and government are separated
A government ruled by religion
Constitution of 1979
Constitution implemented after the Islamic Revolution
Oil
The resource that Iran is dependent on as a rentier state
33 terms
AP Comparative Government: Russia
Caucasus
Chechnya
Cheka
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Southwest Russia, near the Black Sea and Turkey, where there…
Russian republic that has been a source of military conflict…
Soviet secret police created by Lenin, PRECURSOR TO THE KGB.
A loose integrationist body that incorporates most former Sov…
Caucasus
Southwest Russia, near the Black Sea and Turkey, where there…
Chechnya
Russian republic that has been a source of military conflict…
60 terms
AP Comparative Government - Iran
Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran
ayatollah
Ahmadinejad
Assembly of Religious Experts
alliance of conservative parties shortened to Abadgaran; supp…
a high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an…
the Current president of Iran
this organization is a menifestation of the hold that Islam h…
Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran
alliance of conservative parties shortened to Abadgaran; supp…
ayatollah
a high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an…
31 terms
AP Comparative Government Terms
government
night watchman state
welfare state
the state of nature
the part of the state/group of people/organizations with legi…
governments that provide law and order, defense, protection o…
governments that provide wide array of social services
the condition that exists without governments; three views: H…
government
the part of the state/group of people/organizations with legi…
night watchman state
governments that provide law and order, defense, protection o…
20 terms
AP Comparative Government Nigeria
hausa fulani
igbo
yoruba
dual mandate
a member of the largest ethnic group that lives in northern m…
a member of the largest ethnic group in south eastern nigeria
a member of the largest ethnic group on the west bank of the…
the notion that colonial powers had to rule on their own and…
hausa fulani
a member of the largest ethnic group that lives in northern m…
igbo
a member of the largest ethnic group in south eastern nigeria
35 terms
AP comparative Government
mestizo
maquiladoras
anticlericalism
ejido
a person of mixed white indigenous and sometimes African dece…
factories that produce goods for export, often located along…
Opposition to the power of churches or clergy in politics.
land granted by Mexican government to an organized group of p…
mestizo
a person of mixed white indigenous and sometimes African dece…
maquiladoras
factories that produce goods for export, often located along…
53 terms
AP Comparative Government
authoritarian regime
bicameralism
civil society
command economy
a government that concentrates political power in an authorit…
based on two legislative chambers or branches
the elements such as freedom of speech, an independent judici…
An economy that is planned and controlled by a central admini…
authoritarian regime
a government that concentrates political power in an authorit…
bicameralism
based on two legislative chambers or branches
25 terms
AP Comparative Government
Multi-National Coporations
Rentier state
autocracy
civil service
Ex.McDonald's
Country that's GDP depends on one natural resource
a system of governance in which a small group has absolute po…
a system describing the tasks involved in performing governme…
Multi-National Coporations
Ex.McDonald's
Rentier state
Country that's GDP depends on one natural resource
74 terms
AP Comparative Government: Mexico
1917 Constitution
2000 Election
2006 Election
AMLO
rewritten Constitution - Key components: national ownership o…
Vincent Fox - PAN. arly efforts → improving trade relations w…
Felipe Calderon - PAN. • Calderón won the election by just 0.…
Andrés Manuel López Obrador, also known as AMLO or El Peje, i…
1917 Constitution
rewritten Constitution - Key components: national ownership o…
2000 Election
Vincent Fox - PAN. arly efforts → improving trade relations w…
72 terms
AP Comparative Government: Russia
democratic centralism
glasnost
near abroad
nomenklatura
The Leninist organizational structure that concentrates power…
Under Gorbachov, Soviet policies that opened up the political…
Russian term to describe the other fourteen republics of the…
The soviet system of lists that facilitated the CPSU's appoin…
democratic centralism
The Leninist organizational structure that concentrates power…
glasnost
Under Gorbachov, Soviet policies that opened up the political…
126 terms
AP Comparative Government: Nigeria
Contrasts
National Question
Constitutionalism
Legitimacy
basis for political system, strong democracy movements couple…
neither leaders nor citizens agree on the basics of how a cou…
the acceptance of a constitution as a guiding set of principl…
Nigeria is relatively young, establishing it is very difficul…
Contrasts
basis for political system, strong democracy movements couple…
National Question
neither leaders nor citizens agree on the basics of how a cou…
45 terms
AP Comparative Government: UK
Beveridge Report
Cabinet
Conservative Party
Labour Party
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance progra…
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive depart…
The late 1600s is when this party comes into precedence. Sinc…
founded in 1900 and came to prominence in the 1920s but was o…
Beveridge Report
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance progra…
Cabinet
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive depart…
42 terms
AP COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT
Parliament
Industrial Revolution
Hegemonic Power
Welfare State
Gathering of feudal barons summoned by the king whenever he r…
A period of rapid and destabilizing social, economic, and pol…
A state that can control the pattern of alliances and terms o…
A set of public policies designed to provide for citizens' ne…
Parliament
Gathering of feudal barons summoned by the king whenever he r…
Industrial Revolution
A period of rapid and destabilizing social, economic, and pol…
30 terms
AP Comparative Government Mexico
Mestizo
Amerindian
Indigenous Groups
Maquiladoras
A person of mixed white, indigenous (Amerindian), and sometim…
Original peoples of North and South America; indigenous people.
Population of Amerindian heritage in Mexico.
Factories that produce goods for export, often located along…
Mestizo
A person of mixed white, indigenous (Amerindian), and sometim…
Amerindian
Original peoples of North and South America; indigenous people.
46 terms
AP Comparative Government: Britain
alternative voting
backbenchers
Beveridge Report
British Broadcasting Corporation
A system of voting in which voters list the candidates in ord…
MP's of a party who have no governmental office or sit as ran…
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance progra…
Broadcasting network set up by Parliament. Instead of being d…
alternative voting
A system of voting in which voters list the candidates in ord…
backbenchers
MP's of a party who have no governmental office or sit as ran…
51 terms
AP Comparative Government: China
cadre
campaign
capitalist roader
Confucianism
a nucleus of military personnel capable of expansion
several related operations aimed at achieving a particular go…
Derogatory term used to label moderate CCP leaders during the…
the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity
cadre
a nucleus of military personnel capable of expansion
campaign
several related operations aimed at achieving a particular go…
39 terms
AP Comparative Government: Britain
alternative voting
backbenchers
Beveridge Report
British National Party
A system of voting in which voters list the candidates in ord…
MP's of a party who have no governmental office or sit as ran…
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance progra…
Extreme right party in Britain that formed in 1982. It is aga…
alternative voting
A system of voting in which voters list the candidates in ord…
backbenchers
MP's of a party who have no governmental office or sit as ran…
67 terms
AP Comparative Government China
cadre
Central Committee
Central Military Commission
chiang kai-shek
a group of influential politicians capable of forming or lead…
340 members that meet together annually for a week; carry on…
represents the military in china's government; head plays an…
former nationalist leader of china who fled to taiwan after m…
cadre
a group of influential politicians capable of forming or lead…
Central Committee
340 members that meet together annually for a week; carry on…
67 terms
AP Comparative Government China
cadre
Central Committee
Central Military Commission
chiang kai-shek
a group of influential politicians capable of forming or lead…
340 members that meet together annually for a week; carry on…
represents the military in china's government; head plays an…
former nationalist leader of china who fled to taiwan after m…
cadre
a group of influential politicians capable of forming or lead…
Central Committee
340 members that meet together annually for a week; carry on…
59 terms
AP Comparative Government-- Iran
Islamic revolution in 1979
Clash of Civilizations
Theocracy
secularization
deposed the Shah, Rexa Pahlavi. sparked a wave of fundamental…
Samuel Huntington. Islam is incompatible wit the West, and th…
government based strictly on religion
government and religion should be separate
Islamic revolution in 1979
deposed the Shah, Rexa Pahlavi. sparked a wave of fundamental…
Clash of Civilizations
Samuel Huntington. Islam is incompatible wit the West, and th…
59 terms
AP Comparative Government - Russia
Economy under Stalin
collectivization campaign
land holdings
Arts and Culture under Stalin
state ownership and control of all economic assets (land, fac…
prevent new capitalist class in countryside and tried to targ…
state owned; collective farms
state control of arts/media censorship; strangled creativity;…
Economy under Stalin
state ownership and control of all economic assets (land, fac…
collectivization campaign
prevent new capitalist class in countryside and tried to targ…
47 terms
AP Comparative Government: China
Maoism
Mass line
Constitution grants formal authority t…
Legitimate source of power
Idealistic and egalitarian... collectivism ... ppl. pursue socialis…
importance of gov. staying connected to peasants
party & state officers; still authoritative bc const. not leg…
politburo of communist party; authoritative and corrupt over…
Maoism
Idealistic and egalitarian... collectivism ... ppl. pursue socialis…
Mass line
importance of gov. staying connected to peasants
AP Comparative Government: Nigeria
Umaru Musa Yar'Ardua (2007-2011)
Goodluck Jonathan
Hausa-Fulani
Yoruba
People's Democratic Party; First Nigerian leader to... publicly…
allowing free elections; successor of Umaru Musa Yar'Ardua; u…
largest ethnic group that lives in northwestern Nigeria; Muslim
southwest; second largest ethnic group; 40% Muslim, 50% Chris…
Umaru Musa Yar'Ardua (2007-2011)
People's Democratic Party; First Nigerian leader to... publicly…
Goodluck Jonathan
allowing free elections; successor of Umaru Musa Yar'Ardua; u…
33 terms
AP Comparative Government: Russia
Caucasus
Chechnya
Cheka
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Southwest Russia, near the Black Sea and Turkey, where there…
Russian republic that has been a source of military conflict…
Soviet secret police created by Lenin, PRECURSOR TO THE KGB.
A loose integrationist body that incorporates most former Sov…
Caucasus
Southwest Russia, near the Black Sea and Turkey, where there…
Chechnya
Russian republic that has been a source of military conflict…
33 terms
AP Comparative Government: Russia
Caucasus
Chechnya
Cheka
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Southwest Russia, near the Black Sea and Turkey, where there…
Russian republic that has been a source of military conflict…
Soviet secret police created by Lenin, PRECURSOR TO THE KGB.
A loose integrationist body that incorporates most former Sov…
Caucasus
Southwest Russia, near the Black Sea and Turkey, where there…
Chechnya
Russian republic that has been a source of military conflict…
20 terms
AP Comparative Government China
CCP
PRC
guanxi
democratic centralism
Chinese Communist Party
Peoples Republic of China
The concept of _____ cannot be easily defined in English. It…
_______ is the system of internal political organization used…
CCP
Chinese Communist Party
PRC
Peoples Republic of China
10 terms
AP Comparative Government Vocab
civil society
coalition government
command economy
corporatism
a society in which the public/people are permitted to partici…
the sharing of power within a government by political parties…
a centrally planned and controlled economic system.... Character…
an arrangement in which government, business and labor leader…
civil society
a society in which the public/people are permitted to partici…
coalition government
the sharing of power within a government by political parties…
18 terms
COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT
comparative government
democracy
constitutional monarchy
republic
The study of the elements that make up different... forms of gov…
A system of government in which political control is exercise…
A system of government characterized by a... monarch as the head…
A system of government characterized by elected representativ…
comparative government
The study of the elements that make up different... forms of gov…
democracy
A system of government in which political control is exercise…
120 terms
AP Comparative Government Summer Study
Where is the UK?
Who is the current leader of the UK?
Who is the most recent former leader o…
What is the capital of the UK?
David Cameron is the prime minister
Gordon Brown was the prime minister from 2007-2010
London
Where is the UK?
Who is the current leader of the UK?
David Cameron is the prime minister
23 terms
AP Comparative Government - Russia
geography of Russia
Gorbachev
glasnot
perestroika
...
...
...
...
geography of Russia
...
Gorbachev
...
60 terms
Mexico- AP Comparative Government
haciendas
missions
peninsulares / Viceroys
Creoles
large estates granted by the king and owned by wealthy Spanis…
religious settlements established by priests in spanish ameri…
People born in Spain - the highest social class in Latin Amer…
In colonial Spanish America, term used to describe someone of…
haciendas
large estates granted by the king and owned by wealthy Spanis…
missions
religious settlements established by priests in spanish ameri…
25 terms
AP Comparative Government Vocab
Austerity measures
BREXIT
Civil Society
Co-optation
Official actions taken by the government, during a period of…
Refers to the UK leaving the EU
Totality of voluntary civic and social organizations and inst…
A political process used to manage opposition by giving outsi…
Austerity measures
Official actions taken by the government, during a period of…
BREXIT
Refers to the UK leaving the EU
75 terms
AP Comparative Government
civil society
Freedom House
head of state
head of government
organizations outside the state that help people define/advan…
organization rating countries 1-7 on freedom
role that represents the people (inter)nationally
role with everyday task of running state, directs others in e…
civil society
organizations outside the state that help people define/advan…
Freedom House
organization rating countries 1-7 on freedom
482 terms
AP COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT VOCABULARY
causation
correlation
empirical statements
environment
when one thing causes another without doubt
a situation where one set of observed data seems to be relate…
- simply compare data, making a statement that can be measure…
- the political culture of the society
causation
when one thing causes another without doubt
correlation
a situation where one set of observed data seems to be relate…
318 terms
AP Comparative Government
presidential system
parliamentary system
semi-presidential system
federal
A form of government headed by a president who is elected by…
A system of government in which the legislature selects the p…
System in which a prime minister coexists with a president wh…
A system in which power is divided between the national and s…
presidential system
A form of government headed by a president who is elected by…
parliamentary system
A system of government in which the legislature selects the p…
9 terms
AP Comparative Government 2
ethnic identity
national identity
nation
nationalism
Refers to specific attributes and societal institutions that…
An institution that binds people together through a common se…
A large aggregate of people united by common descent, history…
Pride in one's people and the belief that they have their own…
ethnic identity
Refers to specific attributes and societal institutions that…
national identity
An institution that binds people together through a common se…
14 terms
AP Comparative Government - China
Chinese Central Committee
Chiang Kia-shek
Danwei
Fang-shou
Top 370 of the Chinese government
Unified China and took over after Sun Yat-sen
Place of employment in China
Tightening and loosening cycle used by factions in China
Chinese Central Committee
Top 370 of the Chinese government
Chiang Kia-shek
Unified China and took over after Sun Yat-sen
13 terms
Russia AP Comparative Government
Marxism
Leninism
Stalinism
Polices under Khrushchev
saw capitalism as a economic system that exploited workers an…
asserted the importance of the vanguard of the revolution ( g…
great purges, rapid industrialization, socialism in one count…
greater intellectual freedom, allowed more tourism, pushed fo…
Marxism
saw capitalism as a economic system that exploited workers an…
Leninism
asserted the importance of the vanguard of the revolution ( g…
AP Comparative Government vocab
Abstract Review
Anarchism
Authoritarian Regime
Bicameral Legislature
Judicial review that allows the constitutional court to rule…
A political theory favoring the abolition of governments
A government system where no free elections are held, and all…
A legislature with two houses
Abstract Review
Judicial review that allows the constitutional court to rule…
Anarchism
A political theory favoring the abolition of governments
60 terms
AP Comparative Government - Iran
Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran
ayatollah
Ahmadinejad
Assembly of Religious Experts
alliance of conservative parties shortened to Abadgaran; supp…
a high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an…
the Current president of Iran
this organization is a menifestation of the hold that Islam h…
Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran
alliance of conservative parties shortened to Abadgaran; supp…
ayatollah
a high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an…
21 terms
AP Comparative Government: Nigeria
Characteristics of the 4th Republic (2…
Muhammadu Buhari
Cleavages
Goodluck Jonathan
Current regime 1999- present; Illiberal democracy; Characteri…
Military leader 1983-1985; sent out of office by military cou…
Social divisions; Two types: cross-cutting (with some areas o…
Vice-President for President Yar'Adua 2007-2010 (Yar'Adua's d…
Characteristics of the 4th Republic (2…
Current regime 1999- present; Illiberal democracy; Characteri…
Muhammadu Buhari
Military leader 1983-1985; sent out of office by military cou…
55 terms
Nigeria- AP Comparative Government
Sani Abacha
Atiku Abubakar
ANPP
Ibrahim Babangida
Corrupt Hausa military leader of Nigeria (that narrows it dow…
Vice-President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007. He is a Muslim n…
All Nigeria Middle Belt People's Party, the leading oppositio…
Famous for his "custodial theory" of government., Military ru…
Sani Abacha
Corrupt Hausa military leader of Nigeria (that narrows it dow…
Atiku Abubakar
Vice-President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007. He is a Muslim n…
45 terms
AP Comparative Government: UK
Beveridge Report
Cabinet
Conservative Party
Labour Party
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance progra…
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive depart…
The late 1600s is when this party comes into precedence. Sinc…
founded in 1900 and came to prominence in the 1920s but was o…
Beveridge Report
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance progra…
Cabinet
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive depart…
AP Comparative Government Mexico
Mestizo
Amerindian
Indigenous Groups
Maquiladoras
A person of mixed white, indigenous (Amerindian), and sometim…
Original peoples of North and South America; indigenous people.
Population of Amerindian heritage in Mexico.
Factories that produce goods for export, often located along…
Mestizo
A person of mixed white, indigenous (Amerindian), and sometim…
Amerindian
Original peoples of North and South America; indigenous people.
AP Comparative Government Mexico
Mestizo
Amerindian
Indigenous Groups
Maquiladoras
A person of mixed white, indigenous (Amerindian), and sometim…
Original peoples of North and South America; indigenous people.
Population of Amerindian heritage in Mexico.
Factories that produce goods for export, often located along…
Mestizo
A person of mixed white, indigenous (Amerindian), and sometim…
Amerindian
Original peoples of North and South America; indigenous people.
31 terms
AP Comparative Government Russia
Chechnya
commercial courts
Communist Party of the Russian Federat…
Constitutional Court
an autonomous republic in southwestern Russia in the northern…
hear cases arising from civil disputes between firms or betwe…
Communist party in post-Soviet Russia; still receives a perce…
Highest body in the Russian legal system, responsible for con…
Chechnya
an autonomous republic in southwestern Russia in the northern…
commercial courts
hear cases arising from civil disputes between firms or betwe…
61 terms
AP Comparative Government Terms
Authoritarian Regime
Bicameral Legislature
Unicameral Legislature
Cabinet Coalition
A Government that concentrates political power in an authorit…
Composed of 2 legislative chambers
composed of one legislative chambers
A cabinet of a parliamentary government in which several poli…
Authoritarian Regime
A Government that concentrates political power in an authorit…
Bicameral Legislature
Composed of 2 legislative chambers
16 terms
AP Comparative Government, Iran
Assembly of Religious Experts
ayatollahs
bonyads
Constitution/Revolution of 1979
this organization is a menifestation of the hold that Islam h…
religious leaders of the highest authority among Shia Muslims
Parastatal foundations made in part from assets nationalized…
events involving overthrow of Iran's monarchy and its replace…
Assembly of Religious Experts
this organization is a menifestation of the hold that Islam h…
ayatollahs
religious leaders of the highest authority among Shia Muslims
39 terms
AP Comparative Government Nigeria
Authoritarianism
Legitimacy
Accountability
Unfinished state
A system of rule in which power depends on not popular legiti…
A belief by powerful groups and the broad citizenry that a st…
A government's responsibility to its population, usually by p…
A state characterized by instabilities and uncertainties that…
Authoritarianism
A system of rule in which power depends on not popular legiti…
Legitimacy
A belief by powerful groups and the broad citizenry that a st…
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