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Study sets matching "ap eng lang logical fallacies"

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Study sets matching "ap eng lang logical fallacies"

15 terms
AP English Language: Logical Fallacies
Equivocation
Hasty Generalization
Red Herrings
Non-sequitor
When one idea noun is unequally used twice. (Love, joy, patie…
Making a faulty assumption based on a few incidents
It takes another idea similar to the argument and leads you a…
Does not follow a logical sequence
Equivocation
When one idea noun is unequally used twice. (Love, joy, patie…
Hasty Generalization
Making a faulty assumption based on a few incidents
17 terms
Logical Fallacies AP English Language
Ad Hominem
Argument from Authority
Appeal to Ignorance
Begging the question
"to the man," an argument that criticizes an idea by blaming…
tends to agree with assumptions because someone in a position…
Based on the assumption that if it has not been proved, it is…
parts of what one said could be true, a way of avoiding the q…
Ad Hominem
"to the man," an argument that criticizes an idea by blaming…
Argument from Authority
tends to agree with assumptions because someone in a position…
15 terms
AP English Language: Logical Fallacies
Begging the Question
Non Sequitur
Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc
Faulty Analogies
Also known as circular logic, this logical fallacy occurs whe…
In this logical fallacy, the conclusion doesn't logically fol…
Also known as a false cause, this logical fallacy assumes tha…
This logical fallacy compares ideas that seem to be related b…
Begging the Question
Also known as circular logic, this logical fallacy occurs whe…
Non Sequitur
In this logical fallacy, the conclusion doesn't logically fol…
15 terms
AP English Language: Logical Fallacies
Equivocation
Hasty Generalization
Red Herrings
Non-sequitor
When one idea noun is unequally used twice. (Love, joy, patie…
Making a faulty assumption based on a few incidents
It takes another idea similar to the argument and leads you a…
Does not follow a logical sequence
Equivocation
When one idea noun is unequally used twice. (Love, joy, patie…
Hasty Generalization
Making a faulty assumption based on a few incidents
26 terms
Logical Fallacies AP English Language
Ad Hominem
Argument from Authority
Appeal to Ignorance
Begging the question
"to the man," an argument that criticizes an idea by blaming…
tends to agree with assumptions because someone in a position…
Based on the assumption that if it has not been proved, it is…
parts of what one said could be true, a way of avoiding the q…
Ad Hominem
"to the man," an argument that criticizes an idea by blaming…
Argument from Authority
tends to agree with assumptions because someone in a position…
11 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Non Sequitur
Begging the Question
Circular Resoning
Straw Man Argument
A conclusion or statement that does not logically follow from…
A fallacy in which the premises include the claim that the co…
A logical fallacy in which the reasoner begins with what they…
A person simply ignores a person's actual position and substi…
Non Sequitur
A conclusion or statement that does not logically follow from…
Begging the Question
A fallacy in which the premises include the claim that the co…
37 terms
AP English Language and Composition Logical Fallacies
Begging the Question (Circular Logic)
Begging the Question (Circular Logic)…
Non Sequitur Arguments
Non Sequitur Arguments (Rain and phone…
Happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
"The movies are popular because they make so much money. They…
Doesn't follow a logical sequence. The conclusion doesn't log…
"The rain came down so hard that Jennifer actually called me."
Begging the Question (Circular Logic)
Happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
Begging the Question (Circular Logic)…
"The movies are popular because they make so much money. They…
59 terms
AP Language--Logical Fallacies
Logical Fallacies list
Fallacies are
In general, one useful way to organize…
...
statements that might sound reasonable or superficially true…
...
Logical Fallacies list
...
Fallacies are
statements that might sound reasonable or superficially true…
12 terms
AP English Language and Composition: Logical Fallacies
ad hominem
Argument from authority (False Authori…
Begging the question (Circular Reasoni…
Hasty Generalization
a criticism of the person that holds an idea rather than the…
tempts us to agree with certain assumptions based on the auth…
the assumption that what a person claims to be proving is alr…
coming to a conclusion with insufficient evidence, based on s…
ad hominem
a criticism of the person that holds an idea rather than the…
Argument from authority (False Authori…
tempts us to agree with certain assumptions based on the auth…
16 terms
Logical Fallacies AP Language
Red Herring
Cherry Picking
Slippery Slope
Ad Hominem
when the speaker purposefully skips to a new and irreverent t…
the act of pointing out individual cases or data that seem to…
a person asserts that some event must inevitably follow from…
(to the man) attacking a person, rather than his/her claim
Red Herring
when the speaker purposefully skips to a new and irreverent t…
Cherry Picking
the act of pointing out individual cases or data that seem to…
25 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Ad hominem
Ad hominem tu quoque
You're-not-qualified-flaw
ad populum
Ignores the issue and attacks the opponent personally. Can be…
Literally "at the person, you too".... When the claim is dismiss…
Type of ad hominem fallacy that involves failing to address t…
Attempting to win an argument by appealing to the masses inst…
Ad hominem
Ignores the issue and attacks the opponent personally. Can be…
Ad hominem tu quoque
Literally "at the person, you too".... When the claim is dismiss…
16 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominum
Bandwagon Fallacy
Argument for Antiquity
All Natural Fallacy
Arguing against a person rather than their argument
A majority of people believe it to be true so they must be ri…
An argument is right because it's been accepted for so long
Something is done naturally or made from all natural material…
Ad Hominum
Arguing against a person rather than their argument
Bandwagon Fallacy
A majority of people believe it to be true so they must be ri…
18 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Appeal to Authority
Appeal to Emotion
Appeal to Popular Opinion/Bandwagon
Ad Hominen/Attacking the Person
Accepting someone's his or her authority to the argument rath…
Exploiting the audience's feelings to convert them to a parti…
Claiming a position is true because most people believe in it.
Discrediting an argument by arguing about the person who make…
Appeal to Authority
Accepting someone's his or her authority to the argument rath…
Appeal to Emotion
Exploiting the audience's feelings to convert them to a parti…
18 terms
AP Language | Logical Fallacies
Straw Man
Appeal to Irrelevant Author
Equivocation
False Dilemma
A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily ref…
Citing someone who is not an expert in the field
The use of ambiguous language to conceal the truth or to avoi…
A fallacy of oversimplification that offers a limited number…
Straw Man
A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily ref…
Appeal to Irrelevant Author
Citing someone who is not an expert in the field
101 terms
AP English Language & Composition Terms and Logical Fallacies
Abstract
Ad Hominem
Allegory
Alliteration
refers to language that describes concepts rather than concre…
In an argument, an attack on the person rather than on the op…
a work that functions on a symbolic level.
repetition of initial constant sounds, such as "Peter Piper p…
Abstract
refers to language that describes concepts rather than concre…
Ad Hominem
In an argument, an attack on the person rather than on the op…
18 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Begging the question (circular logic)
Non sequitur
Post hoc
Faulty analogy
Arguable point presented as fact that supports argument
Conclusion doesn't logically follow explanation
Cause effect don't connect
Dissimilar situations compared
Begging the question (circular logic)
Arguable point presented as fact that supports argument
Non sequitur
Conclusion doesn't logically follow explanation
14 terms
AP English Language (Terminology: Logical Fallacy)
Logical Fallacy
Hasty Generalization
Post Hoc (Cause-and-Effect Fallacy) ("…
False Analogy
Error in reasoning based on faulty use of evidence or incorre…
Drawing conclusions about a group based on insufficient evide…
An error in reasoning that occurs because an arguer infers th…
Assuming, without proof, that two events, conditions, groups…
Logical Fallacy
Error in reasoning based on faulty use of evidence or incorre…
Hasty Generalization
Drawing conclusions about a group based on insufficient evide…
15 terms
AP English Language and Composition: Logical Fallacies
Bandwagon
Force and Fear
Appeal to Authority/Celebrity
Appeal to Pity
A claim that an idea should be accepted because a large numbe…
The ad baculum fallacy is committed whenever the proponent of…
The ad verecundiam fallacy consists of an appeal to irrelevan…
Ad Misericordiam is an appeal to accept the truth of a conclu…
Bandwagon
A claim that an idea should be accepted because a large numbe…
Force and Fear
The ad baculum fallacy is committed whenever the proponent of…
9 terms
AP English Language: Finals Logical Fallacies
ad hominem
ad populum
begging the question
circular reasoning
attacking individual not argument
if everyone does, you have to too
taking for granted something that needs to be proven
prove one idea with the same idea
ad hominem
attacking individual not argument
ad populum
if everyone does, you have to too
20 terms
AP English Language and Composition: Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Ad Ignorantiam
Argument from Authority
Argument from Final Consequences
A. Meaning "Against the person"... B. Reducing the credibility o…
A. Argument to ignorance... B. This is the fallacy of assuming s…
A. There are many subtypes of the argument from authority rel…
A. An attempt to motivate belief with an appeal either to the…
Ad Hominem
A. Meaning "Against the person"... B. Reducing the credibility o…
Ad Ignorantiam
A. Argument to ignorance... B. This is the fallacy of assuming s…
15 terms
Logical Fallacies (AP English Language & Composition)
Begging the Question
Non Sequitur Arguments
Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc
Faulty Analogies
When the writer presents an arguable point as a fact that sup…
Does not follow a logical sequence, conclusion doesn't logica…
assume a faulty causal relationship (after this, therefore al…
Attempt to relate ideas or situations that aren't really simi…
Begging the Question
When the writer presents an arguable point as a fact that sup…
Non Sequitur Arguments
Does not follow a logical sequence, conclusion doesn't logica…
9 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
Ad Hoc argument
Ad Hominem argument
Begging the question
Circular reasoning
Giving an after-the-fact explanation which doesn't apply to o…
From Latin meaning "to or against the man", it is the strateg…
A logical fallacy in which the claim that is made is based on…
This mistake in logic restates the premise rather than giving…
Ad Hoc argument
Giving an after-the-fact explanation which doesn't apply to o…
Ad Hominem argument
From Latin meaning "to or against the man", it is the strateg…
12 terms
Logical Fallacies: AP English Language and Composition 2015
Anonymous Authority
Appeal to Authority
Association
Either/Or
Occurs when the authority on the topic is not listed, giving…
Occurs when the authority is not an expert in the field they…
Occurs when the author states that ideas/actions are acceptab…
Occurs when a conclusion is get that oversimplifies the argum…
Anonymous Authority
Occurs when the authority on the topic is not listed, giving…
Appeal to Authority
Occurs when the authority is not an expert in the field they…
17 terms
Logical Fallacies AP Language
Sweeping generalization
Faulty causation
Begging the question
Non sequitur
Argument based on assumption all people of a kind are the same
Assumes cause without considering other reasonable possibilit…
Conclusion drawn from evidence that has not been proven or es…
No logical connection between two parts of an argument
Sweeping generalization
Argument based on assumption all people of a kind are the same
Faulty causation
Assumes cause without considering other reasonable possibilit…
19 terms
AP Language - Logical Fallacies
Guilt by Asssociation
False Dilemma
Tu Quoque
Slippery Slope
the weak assumption that if something or someone is associate…
the assumption that there are only one or a few choices when…
("you also") saying that the speaker does not practice what i…
a series of increasingly horrendous consequences is predicted…
Guilt by Asssociation
the weak assumption that if something or someone is associate…
False Dilemma
the assumption that there are only one or a few choices when…
Ap Language Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Appeal To Doubtful Authority
Begging The Question
Equivocation
Tries to divert attention from the facts of an argument by at…
Attempting to bolster the argument by using references to exp…
Assumes in the premise what the arguer would be trying to pro…
Occurs when the meaning of a key term changes at some point i…
Ad Hominem
Tries to divert attention from the facts of an argument by at…
Appeal To Doubtful Authority
Attempting to bolster the argument by using references to exp…
9 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
Irrelevant Thesis
Ad Hominum (Personal Attack)
Straw Man Argument
Slippery Slope
The umbrella over all of the other logical fallacies. An answ…
An argument that criticizes an idea by blaming the person who…
Misrepresenting someone's argument in order to make it easier…
An analogy used to describe any argument that presupposes tha…
Irrelevant Thesis
The umbrella over all of the other logical fallacies. An answ…
Ad Hominum (Personal Attack)
An argument that criticizes an idea by blaming the person who…
18 terms
Logical Fallacies AP English
Ad Homineum Fallacy
Ad Populum Fallacy
Bandwagon
Begging the Question
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
"to the crowd;" a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
threat of rejection is substituted for evidence, desire to co…
assuming in a premise that which need to be proven
Ad Homineum Fallacy
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
Ad Populum Fallacy
"to the crowd;" a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
9 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
name calling
bandwagon
red herring
emotional appeal
an attack on a person instead of an isssue
tries to persuade the reader to do, think or buy something be…
an attempt to distract the reader with details not relevant t…
tries to persuade the reader by using words that appeal to th…
name calling
an attack on a person instead of an isssue
bandwagon
tries to persuade the reader to do, think or buy something be…
13 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Fallacies
Slippery Slope
Hasty Generalization
Post hoc ergo proper hoc
Are common errors in reasoning that will undermine the logic…
This is a conclusion based on the premise that if A happens,…
This is a conclusion based on insufficient or biased evidence…
This is a conclusion that assumed that if 'A' occurred after…
Fallacies
Are common errors in reasoning that will undermine the logic…
Slippery Slope
This is a conclusion based on the premise that if A happens,…
17 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
Card Stacking
Name Calling
Glittering generalities
Transfer
A propaganda technique used to manipulate an audience by emph…
Attacking the person making the argument rather than the argu…
Emotionally appealing words so closely associated associated…
Projecting positive or negative qualities of something or som…
Card Stacking
A propaganda technique used to manipulate an audience by emph…
Name Calling
Attacking the person making the argument rather than the argu…
23 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
Sentimental Appeals
Red Herrings
Scare Tactics
Bandwagon or Ad Populum
Use of emotion to distract the audiance from the facts... Exampl…
Use of misleading evidence to support a conclusion.... Example:…
Attemping to frighten people into agreeing with the arguer by…
Encouraging an audiance to agree with a writer because everyo…
Sentimental Appeals
Use of emotion to distract the audiance from the facts... Exampl…
Red Herrings
Use of misleading evidence to support a conclusion.... Example:…
15 terms
AP Language - Logical Fallacies
Begging the Question (or circular logic)
Non Sequitur arguments
Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc
Faulty Analogies
happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
don't follow a logical sequence. The conclusion doesn't logic…
(after this, therefore also this) arguments, or post hoc for…
lead to faulty conclusions. Writers often use similar situati…
Begging the Question (or circular logic)
happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
Non Sequitur arguments
don't follow a logical sequence. The conclusion doesn't logic…
12 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Begging the question
Argument from analogy
Personal attack... (Ad hominem)
Jumping to a conclusion
A logical fallacy that assumes that a statement is true when…
To form a comparison that explains something unfamiliar by co…
This fallacy tried to divert attention from the facts of an a…
This fallacy occurs when a conclusion is reached on the basis…
Begging the question
A logical fallacy that assumes that a statement is true when…
Argument from analogy
To form a comparison that explains something unfamiliar by co…
11 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
ad hominem
ad poplum
appeal to false authority
begging the question
this fallacy uses diversionary tactics by switching the argum…
this fallacy occurs when evidence boils down to "everybody is…
this fallacy occurs when someone who has no legitimacy to spe…
a fallacy in which a claim is based on evidence or support th…
ad hominem
this fallacy uses diversionary tactics by switching the argum…
ad poplum
this fallacy occurs when evidence boils down to "everybody is…
24 terms
Logical Fallacy AP Language
Strawman
false cause
appeal to emotion
the fallacy fallacy
you misinterpreted someone's argument to make it easier to at…
you presumed that a real or perceived relationship between on…
you attempted to manipulate an emotional response in place of…
You presumed that because a claim has been poorly argued, or…
Strawman
you misinterpreted someone's argument to make it easier to at…
false cause
you presumed that a real or perceived relationship between on…
12 terms
Logical Fallacies ~ AP Language & Composition
Slippery Slope
Hasty Generalization
Post hoc ergo propter hoc
Genetic Fallacy
Shows a relationship through cause and effect ( If A happens,…
Rushing to a conclusion, without all of the facts or without…
If one event follows another chronologically then the first e…
The origin of something being the reason to evaluate somethin…
Slippery Slope
Shows a relationship through cause and effect ( If A happens,…
Hasty Generalization
Rushing to a conclusion, without all of the facts or without…
17 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
Begging the Question
Bare Assertion
Oversimplification
Red Herring
Asks the reader to simply accept the conclusion without provi…
An argument that is assumed to be true just because it says t…
Provides only one perspective, "It all boils down to" "It is…
In the middle of an argument, the arguer goes off on a tangen…
Begging the Question
Asks the reader to simply accept the conclusion without provi…
Bare Assertion
An argument that is assumed to be true just because it says t…
16 terms
AP English 11 - Logical Fallacies
Begging the questions (or circular log…
Non sequitur arguments
Post hoc, ergo propter hoc (false caus…
Faulty analogies
happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
don't follow a logical sequence. The conclusion doesn't logic…
(after this, therefore also this) arguments, or past hoc for…
lead to faulty conclusions. Writers often use similar situati…
Begging the questions (or circular log…
happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
Non sequitur arguments
don't follow a logical sequence. The conclusion doesn't logic…
17 terms
AP Language & Composition Logical Fallacies
ad hominem
ad populum (bandwagon appeal)
appeal to false/doubtful authority
begging the question
The diversionary tactic of switching the argument from the is…
A fallacy that occurs when the evidence boils down to "everyo…
A fallacy that occurs when someone who has no expertise to sp…
A fallacy where the claim is based on evidence or support tha…
ad hominem
The diversionary tactic of switching the argument from the is…
ad populum (bandwagon appeal)
A fallacy that occurs when the evidence boils down to "everyo…
27 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacy
logical fallacy
either or reasoning
causal relationship
faulty causation
error in logic
argument seen in a black or white perspective
one thing causes something else
one thing is said to cause something else, but there's a prob…
logical fallacy
error in logic
either or reasoning
argument seen in a black or white perspective
17 terms
Logical Fallacies AP English
Ad Hominem
Ad Populum/Sweeping Generalization/Ban…
Affirming the Consequent
Appeals to Emotion
The target person's characteristics are attacked, instead of…
A misconception that a widespread occurrence of something is…
If A, then B happens, therefore A happens
When the sway is too far in the direction of emotion, or inap…
Ad Hominem
The target person's characteristics are attacked, instead of…
Ad Populum/Sweeping Generalization/Ban…
A misconception that a widespread occurrence of something is…
18 terms
Logical Fallacies AP English
Ad Homineum Fallacy
Ad Populum Fallacy
Bandwagon
Begging the Question
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
"to the crowd;" a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
threat of rejection is substituted for evidence, desire to co…
assuming in a premise that which need to be proven
Ad Homineum Fallacy
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
Ad Populum Fallacy
"to the crowd;" a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
18 terms
Logical Fallacies AP English
Ad Homineum Fallacy
Ad Populum Fallacy
Bandwagon
Begging the Question
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
"to the crowd;" a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
threat of rejection is substituted for evidence, desire to co…
assuming in a premise that which need to be proven
Ad Homineum Fallacy
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
Ad Populum Fallacy
"to the crowd;" a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
15 terms
AP English 11, Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Bandwagon
Begging the Question/Circular Logic
Either/Or
personal attack on speaker instead of argument (i.e., "The... Pr…
claiming wide-spread popularity makes an idea viable (i.e., "…
using a debatable point to "prove" the argument (i.e.,... "Stude…
over-simplifying complex choices to only two solutions (i.e.,…
Ad Hominem
personal attack on speaker instead of argument (i.e., "The... Pr…
Bandwagon
claiming wide-spread popularity makes an idea viable (i.e., "…
17 terms
Logical Fallacies - AP English
Ad Hominem
Argument from Authority
Appeal to Ignorance
Begging the Question
argument that criticizes an idea by blaming the person rather…
tends to agree with assumptions because someone is in a posit…
based on the assumption that if it has not been proved, it is…
parts of what one said could be true, way of avoiding the que…
Ad Hominem
argument that criticizes an idea by blaming the person rather…
Argument from Authority
tends to agree with assumptions because someone is in a posit…
10 terms
Logical Fallacies AP English
Ad Homineum
Bandwagon
Circular Reasoning
Slippery Slope
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
threat of rejection is substituted for evidence, desire to co…
using two ideas to prove each other
an assertion that some event must inevitably follow without a…
Ad Homineum
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
Bandwagon
threat of rejection is substituted for evidence, desire to co…
16 terms
Logical Fallacies AP English
Ad Homineum Fallacy
Ad Populum Fallacy
Bandwagon
Begging the Question
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
"to the crowd;" a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
threat of rejection is substituted for evidence, desire to co…
assuming in a premise that which need to be proven
Ad Homineum Fallacy
"to the man;" a person's character is attacked instead of his…
Ad Populum Fallacy
"to the crowd;" a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
15 terms
Logical Fallacies... AP English
Begging the Question or circular logic
Non Sequitur arguments
Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc or post hoc
Faulty Analogies
It happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fa…
They don't follow a logical sequence; the conclusion doesn't…
They assume a faulty causal relationship; one event following…
The analogies lead to faulty conclusions; writers often use s…
Begging the Question or circular logic
It happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fa…
Non Sequitur arguments
They don't follow a logical sequence; the conclusion doesn't…
20 terms
AP English Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Appeal to Force
Appeal to Pity
Appeal to the Popular
Attacking the individual instead of the argument.... Example: Y…
Telling the hearer that something bad will happen to him if h…
Urging the hearer to accept the argument based upon an appeal…
Urging the hearer to accept a position because a majority of…
Ad Hominem
Attacking the individual instead of the argument.... Example: Y…
Appeal to Force
Telling the hearer that something bad will happen to him if h…
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