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Study sets matching "ap english language and composition rhetoric fallacies"

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Study sets matching "ap english language and composition rhetoric fallacies"

18 terms
AP English Language and Composition Rhetoric Fallacies
Fallacy
Ad Hominem argument
Argument from authority
Appeal to ignorance
Guide or trickery or false or mistaken idea
Any kind of fallacious argument that criticizes the merit of…
Tempts us to agree with writer's assumptions based on authori…
Based on assumption that whatever has not been proven false m…
Fallacy
Guide or trickery or false or mistaken idea
Ad Hominem argument
Any kind of fallacious argument that criticizes the merit of…
18 terms
AP English Language and Composition Rhetoric Fallacies
Fallacy
Ad Hominem argument
Argument from authority
Appeal to ignorance
Guide or trickery or false or mistaken idea
Any kind of fallacious argument that criticizes the merit of…
Tempts us to agree with writer's assumptions based on authori…
Based on assumption that whatever has not been proven false m…
Fallacy
Guide or trickery or false or mistaken idea
Ad Hominem argument
Any kind of fallacious argument that criticizes the merit of…
17 terms
AP English Language & Composition (APLAC) - Rhetorical Fallacies
Ad Hominem
False Authority
Appeal to Ignorance
Begging the Question
Criticism of opponent, not of opponent's argument... "Why belie…
Use of (possibly false) fame/credibility to bolster an argume…
What isn't false must be true (vice-versa)... "The Loch Ness mo…
Circular reasoning... "She can vouch for me"... Boss: "How can I t…
Ad Hominem
Criticism of opponent, not of opponent's argument... "Why belie…
False Authority
Use of (possibly false) fame/credibility to bolster an argume…
22 terms
AP English Language and Composition: Rhetorical Fallacies and Rhetorical Terms
ad hominem argument
argument from authority, false authority
begging the question, circular reasoning
hasty generalization
a criticism of the person that holds an idea rather than the…
tempts us to agree with certain assumptions based on the auth…
the assumption that what a person claims to be proving is alr…
coming to a conclusion with insufficient evidence
ad hominem argument
a criticism of the person that holds an idea rather than the…
argument from authority, false authority
tempts us to agree with certain assumptions based on the auth…
18 terms
AP Language and Composition: Rhetorical Fallacies
Ad misericordiam
Ad populum
Bandwagon
False Dilemma
The appeal to "pity"
An argument aimed at appealing to the supposed prejudices and…
Everybody's doing it.
Creating a problem that doesn't really exist.
Ad misericordiam
The appeal to "pity"
Ad populum
An argument aimed at appealing to the supposed prejudices and…
192 terms
AP Language and Composition: Rhetorical Fallacies
Sentimental appeals
Red herrings
Scare tactics
Bandwagon appeals
Use emotion to distract the audience from the facts.... Example:…
Use misleading or unrelated evidence to support a conclusion.…
Try to frighten people into agreeing with the arguer by threa…
Encourage an audience to agree with the writer because everyo…
Sentimental appeals
Use emotion to distract the audience from the facts.... Example:…
Red herrings
Use misleading or unrelated evidence to support a conclusion.…
21 terms
AP Language and Composition: Rhetorical Fallacies
Sentimental appeals
Red herrings
Scare tactics
Bandwagon appeals
Use emotion to distract the audience from the facts.... Example:…
Use misleading or unrelated evidence to support a conclusion.…
Try to frighten people into agreeing with the arguer by threa…
Encourage an audience to agree with the writer because everyo…
Sentimental appeals
Use emotion to distract the audience from the facts.... Example:…
Red herrings
Use misleading or unrelated evidence to support a conclusion.…
21 terms
AP English Language and Composition: Fallacies
Scare Tactics
Either-Or Choices/Bifurcation
Slippery Slope
Sentimental Appeals
A strategy intended to manipulate public opinion about a part…
Offering only two choices, with one often being horrendous. I…
The slipper slope flashpoint is well named, describing an arg…
Arguments that use tender emotions excessively to distract re…
Scare Tactics
A strategy intended to manipulate public opinion about a part…
Either-Or Choices/Bifurcation
Offering only two choices, with one often being horrendous. I…
14 terms
Rhetoric - AP English Language and Composition
anadiplosis
anaphora
antithesis
asyndeton
using the words from the end of one clause/sentence to start…
using the same words at the beginning of successive clauses/s…
contrasting opposing words/ideas in successive clauses/senten…
using words in a series without using conjuctions
anadiplosis
using the words from the end of one clause/sentence to start…
anaphora
using the same words at the beginning of successive clauses/s…
380 terms
AP English & Language Composition [Rhetoric]
Absurdity
Accumulatio
Acutezza
Ad hominem
The exaggeration of a point beyond belief.
The emphasis or summary of previously made points or inferenc…
Wit or wordplay used in rhetoric.
Appealing to one's prejudice, emotions, or special interest r…
Absurdity
The exaggeration of a point beyond belief.
Accumulatio
The emphasis or summary of previously made points or inferenc…
15 terms
AP language and composition Rhetoric:
rhetorical mode
rhetorical purpose
rhetorical techniques
forensic arguments
Exposition, description, narration, argumentation, The flexib…
the reason for the speaker's remarks; or a definition of the…
the devices used in effective or persuasive language
arguments about the past
rhetorical mode
Exposition, description, narration, argumentation, The flexib…
rhetorical purpose
the reason for the speaker's remarks; or a definition of the…
39 terms
AP Language+ Composition: Fallacies
What are the three broad categories of…
inductive conclusion that leaps to inc…
assuming a conclusion in the statement…
"to the man" a form of ignoring the qu…
bad proof, proof conclusion (casualty), wrong number of choices
hasty generalization
begging the question
Ad Hominem
What are the three broad categories of…
bad proof, proof conclusion (casualty), wrong number of choices
inductive conclusion that leaps to inc…
hasty generalization
15 terms
AP English Language and Composition Fallacies List
Scare Tactics
Either-or Choices
Slippery Slope
Sentimental Appeals
Presenting issue in terms of exaggerated threats or danger
complicated issue compacted down to two choices, one VASTLY m…
implying relatively inconsequential action or choice today wi…
appeal based on EXCESSIVE emotion
Scare Tactics
Presenting issue in terms of exaggerated threats or danger
Either-or Choices
complicated issue compacted down to two choices, one VASTLY m…
37 terms
AP English Language and Composition Logical Fallacies
Begging the Question (Circular Logic)
Begging the Question (Circular Logic)…
Non Sequitur Arguments
Non Sequitur Arguments (Rain and phone…
Happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
"The movies are popular because they make so much money. They…
Doesn't follow a logical sequence. The conclusion doesn't log…
"The rain came down so hard that Jennifer actually called me."
Begging the Question (Circular Logic)
Happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
Begging the Question (Circular Logic)…
"The movies are popular because they make so much money. They…
12 terms
AP English Language and Composition: Logical Fallacies
ad hominem
Argument from authority (False Authori…
Begging the question (Circular Reasoni…
Hasty Generalization
a criticism of the person that holds an idea rather than the…
tempts us to agree with certain assumptions based on the auth…
the assumption that what a person claims to be proving is alr…
coming to a conclusion with insufficient evidence, based on s…
ad hominem
a criticism of the person that holds an idea rather than the…
Argument from authority (False Authori…
tempts us to agree with certain assumptions based on the auth…
84 terms
AP English Language and Composition - Rhetorical Devices
Anecdote
Perspective
Aphorism
Contradiction
A brief story or tale told by a character in a piece of liter…
A character's view of the situation or events in the story
A concise statement designed to make a point or illustrate a…
A direct opposition between things compared; inconsistency
Anecdote
A brief story or tale told by a character in a piece of liter…
Perspective
A character's view of the situation or events in the story
52 terms
AP English Language & Composition | Fallacy Terms
Ad Hominem ("To the man")
Ad Populum (Bandwagon Appeal)
Appeal to False Authority
Argument
A fallacy referring to the specific diversionary tactic of sw…
A fallacy that occurs when evidence boils down to "everybody'…
A fallacy that occurs when someone who has no expertise to sp…
A process of reasoned inquiry; a persuasive discourse resulti…
Ad Hominem ("To the man")
A fallacy referring to the specific diversionary tactic of sw…
Ad Populum (Bandwagon Appeal)
A fallacy that occurs when evidence boils down to "everybody'…
10 terms
AP English Language and Composition types of fallacies
ad hominem
ad verecundiam
hasty generalization
false analogy
attacking the person
appeal to authority (this person is a professional, therefore…
jumping to a conclusion (x = b, x = c, so x must equal a too)
two things that look similar but are not the same
ad hominem
attacking the person
ad verecundiam
appeal to authority (this person is a professional, therefore…
101 terms
AP English Language & Composition Terms and Logical Fallacies
Abstract
Ad Hominem
Allegory
Alliteration
refers to language that describes concepts rather than concre…
In an argument, an attack on the person rather than on the op…
a work that functions on a symbolic level.
repetition of initial constant sounds, such as "Peter Piper p…
Abstract
refers to language that describes concepts rather than concre…
Ad Hominem
In an argument, an attack on the person rather than on the op…
21 terms
AP Language and Composition: Fallacies
Fallacy
Emotional Fallacy
Red Herring
Scare Tactics
-they distract the reader with various appeals... -flawed by the…
unfairly apppeal to the audience's emotions
the argument draws attention away from the main issue or on s…
frighten people into agreeing with the aruguer by threatining…
Fallacy
-they distract the reader with various appeals... -flawed by the…
Emotional Fallacy
unfairly apppeal to the audience's emotions
18 terms
AP Language and Composition Fallacies
Scare Tactics
Either-or Choices
Slippery Slope
Sentimental Appeals
Presenting issue in terms of exaggerated threats or danger
complicated issue compacted down to two choices, one VASTLY m…
implying relatively inconsequential action or choice today wi…
appeal based on EXCESSIVE emotion
Scare Tactics
Presenting issue in terms of exaggerated threats or danger
Either-or Choices
complicated issue compacted down to two choices, one VASTLY m…
16 terms
AP Language and Composition Fallacies
Scare Tactics
Either-or
Slippery Slope
Sentimental Appeals
When fear, not based on evidence or reason, is being used as…
A type of informal fallacy that involves a situation in which…
A person asserts that some event must inevitably follow from…
A logical fallacy characterized by the manipulation of the re…
Scare Tactics
When fear, not based on evidence or reason, is being used as…
Either-or
A type of informal fallacy that involves a situation in which…
15 terms
AP English Language and Composition: Logical Fallacies
Bandwagon
Force and Fear
Appeal to Authority/Celebrity
Appeal to Pity
A claim that an idea should be accepted because a large numbe…
The ad baculum fallacy is committed whenever the proponent of…
The ad verecundiam fallacy consists of an appeal to irrelevan…
Ad Misericordiam is an appeal to accept the truth of a conclu…
Bandwagon
A claim that an idea should be accepted because a large numbe…
Force and Fear
The ad baculum fallacy is committed whenever the proponent of…
50 terms
AP English Language and Composition Rhetorical Devices
Amplification
Anacoluthon
Anadiplosis
Anaphora
An expansion of detail to clarify a point: "We few, we happy…
A sudden break in a sentence's grammatical structure: "So, th…
Repetition of words, especially located at the end of one phr…
Repetition of one or more words at the head of consecutive ph…
Amplification
An expansion of detail to clarify a point: "We few, we happy…
Anacoluthon
A sudden break in a sentence's grammatical structure: "So, th…
20 terms
AP English Language and Composition: Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Ad Ignorantiam
Argument from Authority
Argument from Final Consequences
A. Meaning "Against the person"... B. Reducing the credibility o…
A. Argument to ignorance... B. This is the fallacy of assuming s…
A. There are many subtypes of the argument from authority rel…
A. An attempt to motivate belief with an appeal either to the…
Ad Hominem
A. Meaning "Against the person"... B. Reducing the credibility o…
Ad Ignorantiam
A. Argument to ignorance... B. This is the fallacy of assuming s…
21 terms
Rhetorical Devices- AP English Language and Composition
Loose (Cumulative) Sentence
Allusion
Anadiplosis
Understatement
main clause is presented, followed by other phrases/reasons (…
written or spoken reference to another text
last word or phrase of a sentence is the same as the first wo…
playing down of a situation in order to make a point
Loose (Cumulative) Sentence
main clause is presented, followed by other phrases/reasons (…
Allusion
written or spoken reference to another text
Rhetoric/ Analysis Terms- AP English Language and Composition
Alliteration
Allusion
Ambiguity
Analogy
The repetition of sounds, especially initial consonant sounds…
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumab…
Multiple meanings, intentional or unintentional, of a word, p…
A similarity or comparison between two different things or th…
Alliteration
The repetition of sounds, especially initial consonant sounds…
Allusion
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumab…
38 terms
AP English Language and Composition: Rhetorical Terms Examples
audience
concession
connotation
context
Gehrig's ____ was his teammates and fans in the stadium that…
Lou Gehrig concedes what some of his listeners may think — th…
All of the following mean "overweight": ... That cat is PLUMP. T…
The ____ for Lou Gehrig's speech is the recent announcement o…
audience
Gehrig's ____ was his teammates and fans in the stadium that…
concession
Lou Gehrig concedes what some of his listeners may think — th…
12 terms
Logical Fallacies: AP English Language and Composition 2015
Anonymous Authority
Appeal to Authority
Association
Either/Or
Occurs when the authority on the topic is not listed, giving…
Occurs when the authority is not an expert in the field they…
Occurs when the author states that ideas/actions are acceptab…
Occurs when a conclusion is get that oversimplifies the argum…
Anonymous Authority
Occurs when the authority on the topic is not listed, giving…
Appeal to Authority
Occurs when the authority is not an expert in the field they…
15 terms
Logical Fallacies (AP English Language & Composition)
Begging the Question
Non Sequitur Arguments
Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc
Faulty Analogies
When the writer presents an arguable point as a fact that sup…
Does not follow a logical sequence, conclusion doesn't logica…
assume a faulty causal relationship (after this, therefore al…
Attempt to relate ideas or situations that aren't really simi…
Begging the Question
When the writer presents an arguable point as a fact that sup…
Non Sequitur Arguments
Does not follow a logical sequence, conclusion doesn't logica…
21 terms
AP Language and Composition: Fallacies
Fallacy
Emotional Fallacy
Red Herring
Scare Tactics
-they distract the reader with various appeals... -flawed by the…
unfairly appeal to the audience's emotions
the argument draws attention away from the main issue or on s…
frighten people into agreeing with the aruguer by threatening…
Fallacy
-they distract the reader with various appeals... -flawed by the…
Emotional Fallacy
unfairly appeal to the audience's emotions
96 terms
AP English Language and Composition - Rhetorical Devices
Active Voice
Ad Hominem
Alliteration
Allusion
the opposite of passive voice, the active voice is essentiall…
This is an attack on the person rather than the issues at han…
The repetition of a phonetic sound at the beginning of severa…
A reference that recalls another work, another time in histor…
Active Voice
the opposite of passive voice, the active voice is essentiall…
Ad Hominem
This is an attack on the person rather than the issues at han…
23 terms
Fallacies AP Language and Composition
Deductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
Fallacy
Ad Hominem
Conclusion cannot be false if both premises are true.
All inductive arguments are invalid. Therefore, we test their…
Arguments that have bad inferences or where premises do not a…
False argument that criticizes an idea by pointing out someth…
Deductive Reasoning
Conclusion cannot be false if both premises are true.
Inductive Reasoning
All inductive arguments are invalid. Therefore, we test their…
105 terms
100+ AP Language and Composition Rhetorical Devices, Tone Words, and Fallacies
Allegory
Ambiguity
Anaphora
Antithesis
The device of using character and/or story elements symbolica…
The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, o…
One of the devices of repetition, in which the same expressio…
Figure of balance in which two contrasting ideas are intentio…
Allegory
The device of using character and/or story elements symbolica…
Ambiguity
The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, o…
22 terms
Fallacies (AP Language and Composition)
Fallacy
Misdirection Fallacy
Ad Hominem Argument
Straw Man Argument
Defect that weakens an argument.
Highlight ways in which people try to draw attention away fro…
"Of course the writer supports gun control; she's a Democrat!…
"Students who want to eliminate the school uniform are exhibi…
Fallacy
Defect that weakens an argument.
Misdirection Fallacy
Highlight ways in which people try to draw attention away fro…
32 terms
AP LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION | FALLACIES
syllogism
fallacies
types of fallacies
hasty generalizations
logical construction... -- if A = B and C = A, then B = C
defects that weaken arguments
- hasty generalizations... - post hoc/false cause... - slippery slo…
making assumptions about a whole group or range of cases base…
syllogism
logical construction... -- if A = B and C = A, then B = C
fallacies
defects that weaken arguments
98 terms
AP English Language and Composition: Rhetoric Review
purpose
tone
contextual note
annotation
the point, the truth of the piece
a writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed…
a short description or citation at the beginning or end of a…
a critical, explanatory note or comment
purpose
the point, the truth of the piece
tone
a writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed…
23 terms
AP Language and Composition Fallacies
Faulty Cause
Sweeping Generalization
Hasty Generalization
Faulty Analogy
assuming that because one thing follows another it was caused…
assumes that what is true of the whole will also be true of t…
a single example or instance is used as the basis for a broad…
assumes that because two things, events, or situations, are a…
Faulty Cause
assuming that because one thing follows another it was caused…
Sweeping Generalization
assumes that what is true of the whole will also be true of t…
13 terms
Ap Language and Composition Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Post Hoc
Straw Man
Begging the Question
Directed against a person rather than the position they are m…
When something is blamed for being the cause of something els…
When a person simply ignores a persons actual position and su…
In which a statement or claim is assumed to be true without e…
Ad Hominem
Directed against a person rather than the position they are m…
Post Hoc
When something is blamed for being the cause of something els…
17 terms
AP Language and Composition- Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Argument from Authority
Appeal to Ignorance
Begging the question
criticizes an idea by pointing something out about the person…
tempts us to agree with the writer's assumptions based on aut…
based on the assumption that whatever has not been proven fal…
someone assumes that parts or all of what the person claims t…
Ad Hominem
criticizes an idea by pointing something out about the person…
Argument from Authority
tempts us to agree with the writer's assumptions based on aut…
AP Language and Composition Fallacies
Scare Tactic
Either-Or Choice
Slippery Slope
Sentimental Appeal
An argument that paddles it's ideas by scaring people and exa…
An argument that reduces a complicated issue to excessively s…
An argument that casts today's tiny misstep as tomorrow's sli…
An argument that uses tender emotions excessively to distract…
Scare Tactic
An argument that paddles it's ideas by scaring people and exa…
Either-Or Choice
An argument that reduces a complicated issue to excessively s…
18 terms
Fallacies (AP Language and Composition)
False Authority... (ethos)
Argument Ad Hominem... (ethos)
Reductive Fallacy (aka Strawman)... (ethos)
Begging the Question (aka Circular Rea…
When the author cites an "expert" whose expertise is doubtful
When the author doesn't address the pros and cons of the issu…
Oversimplifies or reduces the relation between causes and the…
Author treats an opinion that is open to question as if it wa…
False Authority... (ethos)
When the author cites an "expert" whose expertise is doubtful
Argument Ad Hominem... (ethos)
When the author doesn't address the pros and cons of the issu…
14 terms
AP English Language and Composition Rhetorical Terms
Anaphora
Antithesis
Aphorism
Appeal to authority
the repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of succes…
rhetorical figure in which two ideas are directly opposed or…
a short, often witty statement of a principle or truth about…
drawing on the authority of widely respected people, institut…
Anaphora
the repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of succes…
Antithesis
rhetorical figure in which two ideas are directly opposed or…
17 terms
English Composition Rhetorical Fallacies
ad hominem argument (To the man)
argument from (false) authority
appeal to ignorance
begging the question
Criticizes an idea by pointing out something about person who…
Tempts us to agree with the writer's assumptions based on the…
Based on the assumption that whatever is not proven is not tr…
A fallacious form of argument in which someone assumes all th…
ad hominem argument (To the man)
Criticizes an idea by pointing out something about person who…
argument from (false) authority
Tempts us to agree with the writer's assumptions based on the…
38 terms
AP English Language and Composition: Rhetorical Terms Definitions
audience
concession
connotation
context
The listener, viewer, or reader of a text. Most texts are lik…
An acknowledgment that an opposing argument may be true or re…
Meanings or associations that readers have with a word beyond…
The circumstances, atmosphere, attitudes, and events surround…
audience
The listener, viewer, or reader of a text. Most texts are lik…
concession
An acknowledgment that an opposing argument may be true or re…
19 terms
Rhetorical Terms- AP English Language and Composition
Allegory
Alliteration
Allusion
Ambiguity
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a…
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning o…
an expression designed to call something to mind without ment…
uncertainty or inexactness of meaning in language.... "we can de…
Allegory
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a…
Alliteration
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning o…
49 terms
Glossary of Rhetorical Terms - AP English Language and Composition
The device of using character and/or s…
The repetition of sounds, especially i…
A direct or indirect reference to some…
The multiple meanings, either intentio…
Allegory
Alliteration
Allusion
Ambiguity
The device of using character and/or s…
Allegory
The repetition of sounds, especially i…
Alliteration
37 terms
AP ENGLISH language and composition rhetorical devices
anadiplosis
analogy
anaphora
anastrophe
repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of…
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some re…
repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive…
Inversion of the natural or usual word order
anadiplosis
repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of…
analogy
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some re…
26 terms
AP English Language and Composition Rhetorical Terms (Personification to Verbal Irony)
Personification
Antithesis
Anaphora
Metonomy
Wordsworth's "the sea that bares her bosom to the moon."
"To be or not to be . . ." "It was the best of times; it was…
"We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shal…
"The White House declared" rather than "The President declared"
Personification
Wordsworth's "the sea that bares her bosom to the moon."
Antithesis
"To be or not to be . . ." "It was the best of times; it was…
71 terms
AP English Language and Composition: Rhetorical Terms
ad hominem
allegory
alliteration
allusion
An argument based on the failings of an adversary rather than…
Extending a metaphor so that objects, persons, and actions in…
The repetition of an initial consonant sound.
A brief, usually indirect reference to a person, place, or ev…
ad hominem
An argument based on the failings of an adversary rather than…
allegory
Extending a metaphor so that objects, persons, and actions in…
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