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Study sets matching "ap environmental science apes energy"

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Study sets matching "ap environmental science apes energy"

22 terms
AP Environmental Science: Energy
energy
United States
Globally
Units
=
37% oil, 23% coal, 24% natural gas, 7% renewable, 9% nuclear
20% of the world's population uses 70% of the energy:... 34% oil…
1 calorie = 4.1800 J... 1 BTU = 1055 J... 1 KWH = 3,600,00 J (3.6 MJ)
energy
=
United States
37% oil, 23% coal, 24% natural gas, 7% renewable, 9% nuclear
31 terms
AP Environmental Science - Energy Consumption
A
D
C
C
Compared with the "Calorie" unit that gauges food energy how…
Carrying an apple across the room and bringing a pot of water…
Which of the following is best described as storage of potent…
Work performed per unit of time is called... A. energy... B. poten…
A
Compared with the "Calorie" unit that gauges food energy how…
D
Carrying an apple across the room and bringing a pot of water…
66 terms
AP Environmental Science Energy Resources
Nonrenewable energy
Renewable energy
Tiered rate system
CFL (compact fluorescent) light
An energy source with a finite supply, primarily the fossil f…
In energy management, an energy source that is either potenti…
A billing system used by some electric companies in which cus…
use one-fourth as much energy to provide the same amount of l…
Nonrenewable energy
An energy source with a finite supply, primarily the fossil f…
Renewable energy
In energy management, an energy source that is either potenti…
59 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 12/13 (Energy)
Chapter 12
Nonrenewable
Fossil fuels
Nuclear Fuels
...
Once they're gone, there's no more
Derived from biological material that became fossilized milli…
Derived from radioactive materials that give off energy
Chapter 12
...
Nonrenewable
Once they're gone, there's no more
24 terms
AP Environmental Science: Energy
Clean Coal
Wood
Coal
Petroleum
Technology that mitigates CO2 emissions that arise from the b…
Most used energy source before the Industrial Revolution
Most used energy source in the Industrial Revolution era
Most used energy source in the 20th and 21st centuries
Clean Coal
Technology that mitigates CO2 emissions that arise from the b…
Wood
Most used energy source before the Industrial Revolution
170 terms
AP Environmental Science Energy Chapters
Renewable energy
Examples of renewable energy
Nonrenewable energy
Examples of nonrenewable energy
resource that is restored faster than it is consumed
water(globally), wind, solar, geothermal, biomass
resource that is consumed faster than restored
nuclear, fossil fuels
Renewable energy
resource that is restored faster than it is consumed
Examples of renewable energy
water(globally), wind, solar, geothermal, biomass
57 terms
AP Environmental Science - Energy Unit
Metric Prefixes: nano
Metric Prefixes: micro
Metric Prefixes: milli
Metric Prefixes: deci
Billionth = 1x10^-9
Millionth = 1x10^-6
Thousandth = .001 or 1x10^-3
Tenth = .1
Metric Prefixes: nano
Billionth = 1x10^-9
Metric Prefixes: micro
Millionth = 1x10^-6
170 terms
AP Environmental Science Energy Chapters
Renewable energy
Examples of renewable energy
Nonrenewable energy
Examples of nonrenewable energy
resource that is restored faster than it is consumed
water(globally), wind, solar, geothermal, biomass
resource that is consumed faster than restored
nuclear, fossil fuels
Renewable energy
resource that is restored faster than it is consumed
Examples of renewable energy
water(globally), wind, solar, geothermal, biomass
51 terms
AP Environmental Science nonrenewable energy
types of fossil fuels
coal
natural gas
oil
coal, oil, natural gas
most abundant and cheapest
least environmentally damaging (cleanest burning)
most versatile
types of fossil fuels
coal, oil, natural gas
coal
most abundant and cheapest
32 terms
AP Environmental Science - Energy Consumption
A
D
C
C
Compared with the "Calorie" unit that gauges food energy how…
Carrying an apple across the room and bringing a pot of water…
Which of the following is best described as storage of potent…
Work performed per unit of time is called... A. energy... B. poten…
A
Compared with the "Calorie" unit that gauges food energy how…
D
Carrying an apple across the room and bringing a pot of water…
70 terms
AP Environmental Science 7.02 Nonrenewable Energy
net energy
net energy of various resources
Why do you think oil, coal, and natura…
characteristics of coal
usable amount of high-quality energy that can be obtained fro…
-natural gas: 4.9... -passive solar energy: 5.8... -oil: 4.5... -coal:…
fossil fuels are natural substances formed from decaying plan…
-plant material under sediments compress to form peat... -compac…
net energy
usable amount of high-quality energy that can be obtained fro…
net energy of various resources
-natural gas: 4.9... -passive solar energy: 5.8... -oil: 4.5... -coal:…
59 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 12/13 (Energy)
Chapter 12
Nonrenewable
Fossil fuels
Nuclear Fuels
...
Once they're gone, there's no more
Derived from biological material that became fossilized milli…
Derived from radioactive materials that give off energy
Chapter 12
...
Nonrenewable
Once they're gone, there's no more
42 terms
AP Environmental Science Energy Resources
nonrenewable
fossil fuel
nuclear fuel
commercial energy source
an energy source with a finite supply, primarily the fossil f…
a fuel derived from biological material that became fossilize…
fuel derived from radioactive materials that give off energy.
an energy source that is bought and sold.
nonrenewable
an energy source with a finite supply, primarily the fossil f…
fossil fuel
a fuel derived from biological material that became fossilize…
59 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 12/13 (Energy)
Chapter 12
Nonrenewable
Fossil fuels
Nuclear Fuels
...
Once they're gone, there's no more
Derived from biological material that became fossilized milli…
Derived from radioactive materials that give off energy
Chapter 12
...
Nonrenewable
Once they're gone, there's no more
62 terms
AP Environmental Science: Energy (Leslie)
How did the Neolithic and Industrial r…
Holy Trinity of the Industrial Revolut…
How did automobiles change the structu…
Energy differences in Least developed,…
Neolithic: created settlements that outstripped wood supply... I…
Coal (coke to smelt iron)... Cast Iron (For engines and rails)... S…
They changed urban landscapes and lifestyles:... -Suburbs and ma…
LDCs: use most energy for residential purposes-cooking and he…
How did the Neolithic and Industrial r…
Neolithic: created settlements that outstripped wood supply... I…
Holy Trinity of the Industrial Revolut…
Coal (coke to smelt iron)... Cast Iron (For engines and rails)... S…
18 terms
AP Environmental Science Test Energy
Solar Energy (Advantages)
Solar Energy (Disadvantages)
Solar Cells (Advantages)
Solar Cells (Disadvantages)
- Moderate Environmental Impact... - No CO2 Emissions... - Fast Con…
- Low Efficiency... - Low Net Energy... - High Costs... - Environmenta…
- Fairly high net energy yield... - Work on cloudy days... - Quick…
- Needs access to the sun... - Low efficiency... - Needs electricit…
Solar Energy (Advantages)
- Moderate Environmental Impact... - No CO2 Emissions... - Fast Con…
Solar Energy (Disadvantages)
- Low Efficiency... - Low Net Energy... - High Costs... - Environmenta…
74 terms
AP Environmental Science 7.03 Renewable Energy
insolation
passive solar heating
active solar heating
How is energy from the sun converted i…
measure of amount of solar radiation that reaches given area…
absorbs the heat from the sun and stores the heat within a st…
involves absorbing energy from the sun and then pumping a hea…
photovoltaic cells (PV cells)
insolation
measure of amount of solar radiation that reaches given area…
passive solar heating
absorbs the heat from the sun and stores the heat within a st…
66 terms
AP Environmental Science - Energy Resources and Consumption
energy
convection
conduction
energy quality
(physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work
the transfer of heat through a fluid (liquid or gas) caused b…
the transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another…
A measure of an energy's source's ability to do useful work.
energy
(physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work
convection
the transfer of heat through a fluid (liquid or gas) caused b…
40 terms
AP Environmental Science: Alternative Energies
anything that is not a fossil fuel
Renewable Alt Energies
Nonrenewable Alt Energies
electromagnetic radiation, mostly visi…
Alternative Energy is
Sun, water, wind, and biomass are
Nuclear and geothermal are
Solar Energy harnesses
anything that is not a fossil fuel
Alternative Energy is
Renewable Alt Energies
Sun, water, wind, and biomass are
100 terms
AP Environmental Science: Nuclear Energy
Radioactivity is the release of
The types of Nuclear Emissions are
Alpha α particles are the
Alpha α particles have a mass of
energy from unstable atomic nuclei as it is transformed into…
Alpha α, Beta β, and Gamma γ particles
nucleus of the Helium atom
4 amu
Radioactivity is the release of
energy from unstable atomic nuclei as it is transformed into…
The types of Nuclear Emissions are
Alpha α, Beta β, and Gamma γ particles
22 terms
AP Environmental Science Energy Vocab
Mineral Resource
Ore
Reserves
Surface Mining
Concentration of naturally occurring material in or on the Ea…
Rock containing enough of one or more metallic minerals to be…
Identified resources from which a usable nonrenewable mineral…
Mining that removes shallow deposits
Mineral Resource
Concentration of naturally occurring material in or on the Ea…
Ore
Rock containing enough of one or more metallic minerals to be…
59 terms
AP Environmental Science Energy unit 8
work
energy
power
primary energy sources
application of force through a distance
Capacity to do work
rate of flow of energy or rate work is done
we can burn directly (fossil fuels or nuclear)
work
application of force through a distance
energy
Capacity to do work
16 terms
AP environmental sciences ( ENERGY, GENERAL)
thermal gradient
ionizing radiation
high quality energy
low quality energy
spontaneous flow of heat from warmer to cooler bodies
enough energy to dislodge electrons from atoms, forming ions…
organized and concentrated ; can perform useful work ( fossil…
disorganized, dispersed (heat in ocean or air wind, solar)
thermal gradient
spontaneous flow of heat from warmer to cooler bodies
ionizing radiation
enough energy to dislodge electrons from atoms, forming ions…
42 terms
AP Environmental Science - Unit 7: Renewable Energy
Renewable Energy
Reasons for Renewable energy
Benefits
Non vs Renewable Today
Energy from sources that are constantly being formed. Include…
To reduce fossil, to reduce air pollution, to reduce emission…
Unlikely to run out, replace fossil fuels, less dependent on…
80% energy from fossil fuels, renewable growing much faster t…
Renewable Energy
Energy from sources that are constantly being formed. Include…
Reasons for Renewable energy
To reduce fossil, to reduce air pollution, to reduce emission…
14 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 15: Nonrenewable Energy
Net Energy
Petroleum/Crude Oil
Peak Production
Petrochemicals
The amount of high quality energy available from an energy re…
Oil as it comes out of the ground; consists of hundreds of di…
When the pressure in a well drops and the rate of crude oil p…
Chemicals obtained by refining crude oil; used as raw materia…
Net Energy
The amount of high quality energy available from an energy re…
Petroleum/Crude Oil
Oil as it comes out of the ground; consists of hundreds of di…
111 terms
AP Environmental Science Energy, Conventional/Renewable
Renewable energy
Examples of renewable energy
Nonrenewable energy
Examples of nonrenewable energy
resource that is restored faster than it is consumed
water(globally), wind, solar, geothermal, biomass
resource that is consumed faster than restored
nuclear, fossil fuels
Renewable energy
resource that is restored faster than it is consumed
Examples of renewable energy
water(globally), wind, solar, geothermal, biomass
74 terms
AP Environmental Science 7.03 Renewable Energy
insolation
passive solar heating
active solar heating
How is energy from the sun converted i…
measure of amount of solar radiation that reaches given area…
absorbs the heat from the sun and stores the heat within a st…
involves absorbing energy from the sun and then pumping a hea…
photovoltaic cells (PV cells)
insolation
measure of amount of solar radiation that reaches given area…
passive solar heating
absorbs the heat from the sun and stores the heat within a st…
40 terms
AP Environmental Science Energy and Fossil Fuels Vocabulary
Hydraulic Fracturing (Total Process)
Shale Oil
Hydrocarbon
Physical Remediation
Gradually drilling to a horizontal angle into the earth to ac…
Unconventional oil produced from the conversion of organic ma…
Organic compound of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen atoms.
Recovery of oil and water solution by booms as it flows up fr…
Hydraulic Fracturing (Total Process)
Gradually drilling to a horizontal angle into the earth to ac…
Shale Oil
Unconventional oil produced from the conversion of organic ma…
52 terms
AP Environmental Science Review - Energy and Resource Consumption
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational potential energy
Ability to do work
Energy that comes from the motion of an object
Stored within the object in gravitational, nuclear, and chemi…
i.e. Water stored in a reservoir to be used in later for powe…
Energy
Ability to do work
Kinetic Energy
Energy that comes from the motion of an object
70 terms
AP Environmental Science 7.02 Nonrenewable Energy
net energy
net energy of various resources
Why do you think oil, coal, and natura…
characteristics of coal
usable amount of high-quality energy that can be obtained fro…
-natural gas: 4.9... -passive solar energy: 5.8... -oil: 4.5... -coal:…
fossil fuels are natural substances formed from decaying plan…
-plant material under sediments compress to form peat... -compac…
net energy
usable amount of high-quality energy that can be obtained fro…
net energy of various resources
-natural gas: 4.9... -passive solar energy: 5.8... -oil: 4.5... -coal:…
18 terms
AP Environmental Science - Unit 7: Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Fission
Large atoms are split = release more n…
Generating Electricity in Nuclear Reac…
Energy that holds protons and neutrons together. It can be co…
- Splitting of an atom's nucleus into two samller nuclei... - Pr…
Causes a nuclear fission reaction
- U-235 used as fuel (in fuel rods)... - Fission takes place, ge…
Nuclear Energy
Energy that holds protons and neutrons together. It can be co…
Nuclear Fission
- Splitting of an atom's nucleus into two samller nuclei... - Pr…
89 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 2: Science, Systems, Matter and Energy
Science
Scientific Process
Scientific Theory
3 most important features of scientifi…
An attempt to discover order in the natural world and to use…
-Ask a question or identify a problem to be investigated... -Col…
A well-tested and widely-accepted scientific hypothesis
Skepticism... Peer Review... Reproductability
Science
An attempt to discover order in the natural world and to use…
Scientific Process
-Ask a question or identify a problem to be investigated... -Col…
30 terms
AP Environmental Science - Ch.13 Vocabulary Energy
nonrenewable
potentially renewable
nondepletable
renewable
...
...
...
...
nonrenewable
...
potentially renewable
...
59 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 12/13 (Energy)
Chapter 12
Nonrenewable
Fossil fuels
Nuclear Fuels
...
Once they're gone, there's no more
Derived from biological material that became fossilized milli…
Derived from radioactive materials that give off energy
Chapter 12
...
Nonrenewable
Once they're gone, there's no more
20 terms
AP Environmental Science. Unit 6 - Energy Resouces
Petroleum
Primary extraction
Secondary extraction
Synfuel
A fossil fuel produced by the conversion of organic compounds…
The initial drilling and pumping of the most easily accessibl…
The extraction of crude oil remaining after primary extractio…
Fuel in the form of liquid or gas (synthetic natural gas) man…
Petroleum
A fossil fuel produced by the conversion of organic compounds…
Primary extraction
The initial drilling and pumping of the most easily accessibl…
28 terms
Ch. 20 AP Environmental Science (Conventional Energy Alternatives)
Nuclear reactors
Three Mile Island
Chernobyl
Nuclear Energy
Use enriched uranium formed into pellets and puts into metal…
An accident at the nuclear plant at this location that caused…
The nuclear power plant in the Ukraine that suffered two larg…
Energy released when atomic nuclei undergo a nuclear reaction…
Nuclear reactors
Use enriched uranium formed into pellets and puts into metal…
Three Mile Island
An accident at the nuclear plant at this location that caused…
AP Environmental Science Chapter 12/13 (Energy)
Chapter 12
Nonrenewable Energy Source
Fossil fuels
Nuclear Fuels
...
an energy source with a finite supply, primarily the fossil f…
A fuel derived from biological material that became fossilize…
Derived from radioactive materials that give off energy
Chapter 12
...
Nonrenewable Energy Source
an energy source with a finite supply, primarily the fossil f…
59 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 12/13 (Energy)
Chapter 12
Nonrenewable
Fossil fuels
Nuclear Fuels
...
Once they're gone, there's no more
Derived from biological material that became fossilized milli…
Derived from radioactive materials that give off energy
Chapter 12
...
Nonrenewable
Once they're gone, there's no more
20 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 15 - Energy
Net Energy
Crude Oil
Petrochemicals
OPEC
ratio of energy produced to the energy used to produce it.
a black, gooey liquid consisting of hundreds of different hyd…
The products of crude oil distillation used in cleaning fluid…
Organization that manages the distribution and price setting…
Net Energy
ratio of energy produced to the energy used to produce it.
Crude Oil
a black, gooey liquid consisting of hundreds of different hyd…
87 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 12/13 (Energy)
Fossil fuels
Nuclear Fuels
Commercial energy sources
Subsistence energy sources
Derived from biological material that became fossilized milli…
Derived from radioactive materials that give off energy
Those that are bought and sold, (coal, oil, wood, etc)
Those gathered by individuals for their own immediate needs.…
Fossil fuels
Derived from biological material that became fossilized milli…
Nuclear Fuels
Derived from radioactive materials that give off energy
58 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 12/13 (Energy)
Energy Return on Energy Investment (ER…
Nonrenewable
Fossil fuels
Nuclear Fuels
Energy obtained/energy expended to get fuel
Once they're gone, there's no more
Derived from biological material that became fossilized milli…
Derived from radioactive materials that give off energy
Energy Return on Energy Investment (ER…
Energy obtained/energy expended to get fuel
Nonrenewable
Once they're gone, there's no more
12 terms
AP Environmental Science Biomes
Temperate Deciduous Forest
Temperate Grassland
Temperate Rainforest
Tropical Rainforest
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)... -Precipitati…
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (seasonal variation is more extre…
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)... -Large amoun…
-Warm all year round... -Very high amount of precipitation (300-…
Temperate Deciduous Forest
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)... -Precipitati…
Temperate Grassland
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (seasonal variation is more extre…
58 terms
AP Environmental Science Unit 8: Energy
Energy Efficiency
Cogeneration
Passive Solar Heating
Active Solar Heating
The measure of how much work we can get from each unit of ene…
uses a combined heat and power system (CHP)..in such a system…
absorbs heat form the sun in a directly insulated structure
Captures heat from the sun by pumping a heat absorbing fluid…
Energy Efficiency
The measure of how much work we can get from each unit of ene…
Cogeneration
uses a combined heat and power system (CHP)..in such a system…
25 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 15 Nonrenewable Energy
US uses how many barrels of oil a day
1 barrel of crude oil
1 barrel of crude oil produces ___ gal…
1 barrel of crude oil= ____ gallons of…
20 million
42 gallons
19.5
4
US uses how many barrels of oil a day
20 million
1 barrel of crude oil
42 gallons
12 terms
AP Environmental Science: Part 5: Energy
Net Energy Yield
Scrubbers
Waste Products Produced by Coal
Natural Gas Pros and Cons
The comparison between the cost of extraction, processing, an…
Air pollutants are removed from the gases flowing through the…
Sulfer Dioxide, Fly Ash, Boiler Residue, and Mercury.
Only releases CO2 and water, fairly large supply... Hard to tran…
Net Energy Yield
The comparison between the cost of extraction, processing, an…
Scrubbers
Air pollutants are removed from the gases flowing through the…
10 terms
AP Environmental Science Biomes
Temperate Deciduous Forest
Temperate Grassland
Temperate Rainforest
Tropical Rainforest
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)... -Precipitati…
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (seasonal variation is more extre…
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)... -Large amoun…
-Warm all year round... -Very high amount of precipitation (300-…
Temperate Deciduous Forest
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)... -Precipitati…
Temperate Grassland
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (seasonal variation is more extre…
60 terms
AP ENVIRONMENTAL-- ENERGY
active solar collection
anthracite
barrel
biodiesel
the use of mechanical means (pumps, fans, etc.) to collect, s…
a hard natural coal that burns slowly and gives intense heat.
one barrel of oil is equivalent to 42 gallons (~160 liters).
a fuel made from plant oils that can be used in a conventiona…
active solar collection
the use of mechanical means (pumps, fans, etc.) to collect, s…
anthracite
a hard natural coal that burns slowly and gives intense heat.
102 terms
AP Environmental Science Unit 4 - Energy & Resources
Describe our history of energy use ove…
What is net energy and why is it impor…
Explain why the nuclear fuel cycle has…
What is crude oil (petroleum) and how…
...
...
...
...
Describe our history of energy use ove…
...
What is net energy and why is it impor…
...
275 terms
AP Environmental Science (APES) Essential terms.
Abiotic
Acid
Air Mass
A horizon
Things that are not living
Compound that releases hydrogen ions when dissolved in water.
Enormous bodies of air that move as a unit
Soil Horizon, below O horizon. ... It has weathered rock and so…
Abiotic
Things that are not living
Acid
Compound that releases hydrogen ions when dissolved in water.
33 terms
AP Environmental Science: Nuclear
Isotope
Radioactive isotope
Alpha particles
Beta particles
two atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutr…
An atom with too many protons or neutrons that spontaneously…
Type of radioactive decay, is a helium nuclei, stopped by skin
Type of radioactive decay, electrons stopped by clothing, gla…
Isotope
two atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutr…
Radioactive isotope
An atom with too many protons or neutrons that spontaneously…
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